CN101390579B - Crab compound feed and production method thereof - Google Patents

Crab compound feed and production method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101390579B
CN101390579B CN2008101620326A CN200810162032A CN101390579B CN 101390579 B CN101390579 B CN 101390579B CN 2008101620326 A CN2008101620326 A CN 2008101620326A CN 200810162032 A CN200810162032 A CN 200810162032A CN 101390579 B CN101390579 B CN 101390579B
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meal
crab
pellet
water
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CN101390579A (en
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赵金柱
邓登
王平川
潘唐贺
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Shenzhen Australia Group Limited by Share Ltd
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王平川
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a crab-breeding formula feed and a production method, aiming to provide a whole-nutrition formula feed for river crabs in the later stage of breeding, and a production method thereof. The crab-breeding formula feed has the following components based on weight proportions: 2-10 portions of imported fish meal, 2-10 portions of deep-sea fish meal, 6-10 portions of imported meat and bone meal, 2-8 portions of expanded soybeans, 10-25 portions of soybean meal, 10-18 portions of peanut meal (or peanut bran), 5-15 portions of rapeseed meal, 18-26 portions of high-gluten flour, 8-18 portions of rice bran, 1-2 portions of soy lecithin oil, 0.5-1.5 portions of imported fish oil, 1-2 portions of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, as well as 1-3 portions of additive premix; the additive premix comprises compound vitamin and complex mineral. The production process of the crab-breeding formula feed sequentially comprises the following steps: removing impurity, rough grinding, ultra-fine grinding, adding additives, adding oil, adding water and mixing, screening, quenching and tempering, granulating, ageing, drying, cooling, screening, testing, packaging and warehousing.

Description

Crab compound feed and production method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the feed of aquaculture, relate in particular to quality was fattened and improved to a kind of river crab mixed feed and production method thereof.
Background technology
China is about the history in existing more than 20 year of the research of river crab growth needs nutrition, but because the river crab growth is relatively slow, likes quiet bellicosely, and unsuitable cultivation density is too high.Therefore, use feed less (average 10-20 mu uses 1 ton of feed) in the culture of Chinese mitten crab, majority is thrown something and fed and is iced iced trash fish and grain.In recent years, along with the decline of wild fishes amount of fishing and riseing of price, a part of culture of Chinese mitten crab family began progressively to substitute ice iced trash fish and grain with the artificial perfect compound feed of river crab, even used artificial perfect compound feed in the whole process of culturing.But increase along with artificial perfect compound feed usage ratio, many river crab sexal maturity ahead of time, influence growth of later stage speed, even it is childlike, little " old man crab " appears, river crab later stage coefficient of condition and quality are subjected to bigger influence, have had a strong impact on listing rate of river crab and raiser's economic benefit.Be subjected in the past the influence to river crab research, the general albumen of commercially available feed for river crab is lower, palatability is relatively poor.The main cause that causes this result is that the interpolation vegetable protein is too much in the feed, and animal protein is usefulness hardly, due to the fish oil use of high-quality is less.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is provides a kind of comprehensive nutrition in order to solve the not enough and not good enough difficult problem of quality of culture of Chinese mitten crab later stage coefficient of condition, aims at edible mixed feed and production method thereof of culture of Chinese mitten crab later stage.
In order to achieve the above object, crab compound feed provided by the present invention, its prescription weight share is: imported fish meal 2-10 part, deep-sea fish meal 2-10 part, imported meat and bone meal 6-10 part, expanded soybean 2-8 part, dregs of beans 10-25 part, peanut meal (or peanut press pulp) 10-18 part, rapeseed dregs 5-15 part, Strong flour 18-26 part, rice bran 8-18 part, soybean lecithin oil 1-2 part, import fish oil 0.5-1.5 part, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1-2 part and additive premix 1-3 part, described additive premix is B B-complex and composite mineral matter.
The production technology of crab compound feed is characterized in that being successively: removal of impurities: reject the impurity in the batching; Coarse crushing: according to above-mentioned prescription the batching of imported fish meal, deep-sea fish meal, imported meat and bone meal, expanded soybean, dregs of beans, peanut meal (or peanut press pulp), rapeseed dregs, rice bran and calcium dihydrogen phosphate is put in the pulverizer together and pulverizes, become to pulverize material; Ultramicro grinding: will pulverize material and Strong flour and be put in the micronizer and pulverize, one-tenth ultramicro grinding material; Doping: in the ultramicro grinding material, add B B-complex and composite mineral matter; Refuel, add water and mixing: interior spray soybean lecithin oil and import fish oil and water will be added with the ultramicro grinding material of additive and grease and water by mixer and be stirred into compound; Sieve; Compound is crossed 20 mesh sieves; Modified, granulation: in twin shaft differential modulator, compound fully contacts steam, by 2 grades of single shaft modulator insulated and stirred, to reach slaking and sterilization functions, enters granulator then and is crushed to pellet; Post curing, oven dry and cooling: pellet entered the insulation of post curing jar more than 30 minutes, by dryer and cooling tower pellet moisture content was reduced to below 12%; Sieve: pellet by 10 layers of high side multideck screen, is removed bulk and powder; Check: check the moisture and the water stability of the pellet that sieves, what moisture and water stability were all qualified is the finished product crab compound feed; Packing, warehouse-in: with the crab compound feed pack back warehouse-in of finished product.
This prescription is on the basis of existing research, cultures the nutritional need of later stage river crab by analyzing experiment, introduces novel material, and proportioning goes out to be specially adapted for the mixed feed in culture of Chinese mitten crab later stage.The proportioning of above-mentioned raw materials is compared with the conventional feed proportioning, imported fish meal, deep-sea fish meal, the expanded soybean of high-quality have been increased, increased the usage ratio of fish oil and phosphatide oil, for the river crab later stage provides sufficient amino acid and essential fatty acid, facilitated the requirement of river crab coefficient of condition and sexual gland richness, thereby the river crab of high-quality is provided for the consumer.
Its production method is by consulting a large amount of relevant research documents of river crab and for many years to the discovering of river crab later stage nutrition, the higher nutrition of river crab later stage needs is to satisfy it and grow and the needs of gonad development.This solves the key of a culture of Chinese mitten crab later stage difficult problem just.
The specific embodiment
The present invention is further described by the following embodiment.
Crab compound feed provided by the present invention, its prescription weight share is: imported fish meal 2-10 part, deep-sea fish meal 2-10 part, imported meat and bone meal 6-10 part, expanded soybean 2-8 part, dregs of beans 10-25 part, peanut meal (or peanut press pulp) 10-18 part, rapeseed dregs 5-15 part, Strong flour 18-26 part, rice bran 8-18 part, soybean lecithin oil 1-2 part, import fish oil 0.5-1.5 part, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1-2 part and additive premix 1-3 part.Described additive premix is B B-complex and composite mineral matter, and the ratio between them was respectively 1: 4.Wherein the deep-sea fish meal is that import tuna raw material processes through domestic half degreasing.
The active ingredient that above-mentioned B B-complex is every kilogram is: A (IU) 4,5000,000, D3 (IU) 1,800,00, E (mg) 65,000, K3 (mg) 8,000, B1 (mg) 6,000, B2 (mg) 12,000, B6 (mg) 8,000, B12 (mg) 20, nicotinic acid (mg) 35,000, folic acid (mg) 3,000, calcium pantothenate (mg) 35,000, biotin (mg) 80 and inositol (mg) 80,000.
Every kilogram of composite mineral matter active ingredient of above-mentioned composite mineral matter is: magnesium (g) 20, potassium (g) 60, iron (g) 15, zinc (g) 25, manganese (g) 4, copper (g) 2.5, cobalt (g) 250, selenium (g) 40 and iodine (g) 50.
Title material Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3 Embodiment 4 Embodiment 5
Imported fish meal (part) 2 10 4 5 8
Deep-sea fish meal (part) 10 2 4 7 5
Imported meat and bone meal (part) 6 10 8 5 9
Expanded soybean (part) 2 3 4 8 6
Dregs of beans (part) 20 18 22 15 10
Peanut meal/bran (part) 14 12 10 17 15
Rapeseed dregs (part) 6 10 8 11 14
Strong flour (part) 21.5 22 23 19 18
Rice bran (part) 12 8 11 9 10
Soybean lecithin oil (part) 2 1 1.5 1 2
Import fish oil (part) 0.5 1 1.5 1 1
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate (part) 1 2 1 1 1
Additive premix (part) 3 1 2 1 1
More than the production technology of each embodiment crab compound feed all be successively: removal of impurities: reject the impurity in the batching, as the rope made of hemp, iron wire etc.; Coarse crushing: according to above-mentioned prescription the batching of imported fish meal, deep-sea fish meal, imported meat and bone meal, expanded soybean, dregs of beans, peanut meal (or peanut press pulp), rapeseed dregs, rice bran and calcium dihydrogen phosphate is put in the pulverizer together and pulverizes, become to pulverize material; Ultramicro grinding: will pulverize material and Strong flour and be put in the micronizer and pulverize, one-tenth ultramicro grinding material; Doping: in the ultramicro grinding material, add B B-complex and composite mineral matter; Refuel, add water and mixing: interior spray soybean lecithin oil and import fish oil and water will be added with the ultramicro grinding material of additive and grease and water by mixer and be stirred into compound; Sieve; Compound is crossed 20 mesh sieves; Modified, granulation: in twin shaft differential modulator, compound fully contacts steam, by 2 grades of single shaft modulator insulated and stirred, to reach slaking and sterilization functions, enters granulator then and is crushed to pellet; Post curing, oven dry and cooling: pellet entered the insulation of post curing jar more than 30 minutes, by dryer and cooling tower pellet moisture content was reduced to below 12%; Sieve: pellet by 10 layers of high side multideck screen, is removed bulk and powder; Check: check the moisture and the water stability of the pellet that sieves, what moisture and water stability were all qualified is the finished product crab compound feed; Packing, warehouse-in: with the crab compound feed pack back warehouse-in of finished product.
The method of water stability check: get the container that a certain amount of pellet is put into filled with water, require full 5 hours not defeated and dispersed be qualified.

Claims (3)

1. crab compound feed, the weight share that it is characterized in that filling a prescription is: imported fish meal 2-10 part, deep-sea fish meal 2-10 part, imported meat and bone meal 6-10 part, expanded soybean 2-8 part, dregs of beans 10-25 part, peanut meal or peanut press pulp 10-18 part, rapeseed dregs 5-15 part, Strong flour 18-26 part, rice bran 8-18 part, soybean lecithin oil 1-2 part, import fish oil 0.5-1.5 part, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1-2 part and additive premix 1-3 part, described additive premix is B B-complex and composite mineral matter, the active ingredient that described B B-complex is every kilogram is: A 45,000,000 IU, D3 1,800,00 IU, E 65,000mg, K3 8,000mg, B1 6,000mg, B2 12,000mg, B6 8,000mg, B12 20mg, nicotinic acid 35,000mg, folic acid 3,000mg, calcium pantothenate 35,000mg, biotin 80mg and inositol 80,000mg, the active ingredient of every kilogram of composite mineral matter of described composite mineral matter is: magnesium 20g, potassium 60g, iron 15g, zinc 25g, manganese 4g, copper 2.5g, cobalt 250g, selenium 40g and iodine 50g.
2. the production technology of crab compound feed according to claim 1 is characterized in that being successively: removal of impurities: reject the impurity in the batching; Coarse crushing: according to above-mentioned prescription the batching of imported fish meal, deep-sea fish meal, imported meat and bone meal, expanded soybean, dregs of beans, peanut meal or peanut press pulp, rapeseed dregs, rice bran and calcium dihydrogen phosphate is put in the pulverizer together and pulverizes, become to pulverize material; Ultramicro grinding: will pulverize material and Strong flour and be put in the micronizer and pulverize, one-tenth ultramicro grinding material; Doping: in the ultramicro grinding material, add B B-complex and composite mineral matter; Refuel, add water and mixing: interior spray soybean lecithin oil and import fish oil and water will be added with the ultramicro grinding material of additive and grease and water by mixer and be stirred into compound; Sieve; Compound is crossed 20 mesh sieves; Modified, granulation: in twin shaft differential modulator, compound fully contacts steam, by 2 grades of single shaft modulator insulated and stirred, to reach slaking and sterilization functions, enters granulator then and is crushed to pellet; Post curing, oven dry and cooling: pellet entered the insulation of post curing jar more than 30 minutes, by dryer and cooling tower pellet moisture was reduced to below 12%; Sieve: pellet by 10 layers of high side multideck screen, is removed bulk and powder; Check: check the moisture and the water stability of the pellet that sieves, what moisture and water stability were all qualified is the finished product crab compound feed; Packing, warehouse-in: with the crab compound feed pack back warehouse-in of finished product.
3. the production technology of crab compound feed according to claim 2 is characterized in that the described water stability method of inspection: get the container that a certain amount of pellet is put into filled with water, require full 5 hours not defeated and dispersed be qualified.
CN2008101620326A 2008-11-05 2008-11-05 Crab compound feed and production method thereof Active CN101390579B (en)

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Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101715890B (en) * 2009-12-22 2012-10-24 佛山市顺德区全兴水产饲料有限公司 Slowly floating aquatic product feed and production process thereof
CN101744154B (en) * 2010-02-05 2013-01-02 宁波天邦股份有限公司 Expanded pellet feed for trionyx sinensis and preparation method thereof
CN103416587B (en) * 2012-05-22 2015-04-22 天津市大洋饲料有限公司 Compound feed for juvenile perches and preparation method thereof
CN104605144A (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-05-13 南京丰农生物科技有限公司 High-immunity puffed biological feed for river crabs
CN105533265A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-04 苏州蟹家族生态农业有限公司 Pet-crab feed of easy digestion and easy absorption as well as production method thereof
CN106036225A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-10-26 太仓市水中宝扣蟹养殖专业合作社 Juvenile crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN108902546A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-11-30 西南大学 A kind of Eriocheir sinensis fattening feed that can improve crab meat quality
CN109221646A (en) * 2018-10-22 2019-01-18 武汉轻工大学 A kind of Rana nigromaculata special compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN109220927A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-01-18 安徽徽名山农业股份有限公司 A kind of method of paddy field intercropping crab

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CN1403010A (en) * 2002-10-11 2003-03-19 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Formula and compounding process of adult river crab feed
CN1579203A (en) * 2004-05-14 2005-02-16 江南大学 Method for processing demersal pufted granular feed of river crab

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Owner name: SHENZHEN AOHUA AGRICULTURE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY CO

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Patentee after: Shenzhen Alpha Agriculture Animal Husbandry Co., Ltd.

Address before: Dongxin road Jiashan County Jiaxing city Zhejiang province 314111 Yang Miaozhen Industrial Park No. 95 Zhejiang Aohua Feed Co. Ltd.

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Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 314111 ZHEJIANG ALPHA FEED CO., LTD., NO. 95, DONGXIN ROAD, INDUSTRIAL PARK, YANGMIAO TOWN, JIASHAN COUNTY, JIAXING CITY, ZHEJIANG PROVINCE TO: 518054 10E, OFFICE BUILDING, HAIWANG BUILDING, NANHAI AVENUE, NANSHAN DISTRICT, SHENZHEN CITY, GUANGDONG PROVINCE

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Address after: 518000 office building 10E, Hai Wang building, Nanhai Road, Nanshan District, Shenzhen, Guangdong

Patentee after: Shenzhen Australia Group Limited by Share Ltd

Address before: 518054 Haiwang Building 10E, Nanhai Avenue, Nanshan District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province

Patentee before: Shenzhen Alpha Agriculture Animal Husbandry Co., Ltd.

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