CN101390488B - Automatic irrigation system for solar energy pressure tank - Google Patents

Automatic irrigation system for solar energy pressure tank Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101390488B
CN101390488B CN2008102020038A CN200810202003A CN101390488B CN 101390488 B CN101390488 B CN 101390488B CN 2008102020038 A CN2008102020038 A CN 2008102020038A CN 200810202003 A CN200810202003 A CN 200810202003A CN 101390488 B CN101390488 B CN 101390488B
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China
Prior art keywords
tank
irrigation
water
pressurized tank
pressure tank
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Application number
CN2008102020038A
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CN101390488A (en
Inventor
王罡
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Shanghai shining Energy Technology Co. Ltd.
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王罡
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The invention belongs to the agricultural irrigation technical field, particularly relating to a solar pressure tank automatic irrigation system, which is composed of photovoltaic cells, a charge controller, storage batteries, an air compressor, a pressure tank, a water storage tank, irrigation pipes and an automatic controller. The system is powered by the photovoltaic cells; the water storage tank is used to collect rainwater and provide water source to the pressure tank; and the air compressor is used to charge and pressurize the pressure tank. The water in the pressure tank irrigates crops and green spaces through the irrigation pipes under pressure. The invention combines solar energy with the pressure tank so as to save energy resource and water resource. In addition, the invention can be widely applied and is suitable for irrigating crops, green spaces, green roofs and greenhouse plants. The invention is particularly suitable for irrigating areas without electricity or places which can be hardly artificially irrigated.

Description

Automatic irrigation system for solar energy pressure tank
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural irrigation technique field, be specifically related to a kind of solar powered automatic irrigation system.
Background technology
At present, urban afforestation is irrigated and is adopted the city tap-water pipe network water supply mostly, promptly uses life water as source of irrigation water, can consume a large amount of valuable energy and water resource like this.Will realize that in agricultural irrigation irrigation also needs to build pumping plant, not only input cost is big, just can not use irrigation system in the place that is not much having electricity.
Existing irrigation method all is with water pump water pump to be gone out, and the hydraulic pressure size that water pump produced has like this determined the size of pump power.If promote pump motor with the electric energy that photovoltaic cell produced, the cost of required solar cell is very expensive.Lift at least 3 kilowatts of the needed photovoltaic cells of water pump that an example will drive 100 watts, be not enough to realize irrigating requirement and the water yield that is produced and hydraulic pressure are extremely low.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to propose a kind of energy saves energy and water resource, and automatic irrigation system easy to use.
The automatic irrigation system that the present invention proposes is a kind of irrigation system that solar energy and pressurized tank are combined.Promptly, realize effectively irrigating in conjunction with automation control by 2 accumulation of energys.
So-called 2 accumulation of energys are: 1, and be electric energy with transform light energy, electric energy has been saved the power supply of the system of being used as by accumulator.2, utilize the air compressibility, with air compressor pressurized tank is carried out pneumatic compression, irrigate required pressure thereby reach.
Concrete structure of the present invention as shown in Figure 1, this automatic irrigation system is connected to form through connecting line by photovoltaic cell 1, charge controller 2, accumulator 3, air compressor 4, pressurized tank 5, tank 6, irrigation conduit 7 and automatic controller 8; Wherein, photovoltaic cell 1, charge controller 2, accumulator 3 connect successively; Air compressor 4 is connected by pipeline with the air inlet on pressurized tank 5 tops, and pipeline is provided with intake valve 9, and tank 6 is connected by pipeline with the water inlet at pressurized tank 5 middle parts, and pipeline is provided with water intaking valve 10; The bottom delivery port of pressurized tank 5 is connected with irrigation conduit 7 by tube connector, and tube connector is provided with outlet valve 13; Automatic controller 8 is connected with air compressor 4, implements air compressor 4 is controlled; Automatic controller 8 provides power supply by the photovoltaic cell system; Pressurized tank 5 tops are provided with manometer 11, and the tube connector between pressurized tank 5 and the manometer 11 is provided with arm, and arm is provided with relief valve 12; The bottom of pressurized tank 5 is provided with down water gauge 17, is used for the next water level of gaging pressure jar 5, and the top of pressurized tank 5 is provided with water gauge 18, is used for the top water level of gaging pressure jar 5.
In addition, system also is provided with medicine storing pot 14, and medicine storing pot 14 is connected by the middle part of pipeline with pressurized tank 5, and pipeline is provided with soup control valve 15.
Among the present invention, irrigation conduit 7 can extend to the place that need irrigate, and for example green area irrigation, crop irrigation, flowers irrigation etc. can be provided with different nozzles on the irrigation conduit 7, implement drip irrigation and spray irrigation, atomizing humidifying performance etc.
Operation principle of the present invention is as follows: when raining storing as source of irrigation water after the rainwater collection, thereby can the energy-saving tap water resource; Utilize the solar-energy photo-voltaic cell generating, and get up, as the working power of system by accumulators store; Utilize air compressor to make the glassware for drinking water in the pressurized tank that certain pressure be arranged, for water flows out, irrigation provides kinetic energy; Water through pressurization is implemented to irrigate by pipeline.
It is as follows to utilize the present invention to carry out the process of concrete operations: rainwater is through collecting, being stored in the tank 6; Photovoltaic cell 1 utilizes solar electrical energy generation, and by photoelectric controller 2 with power storage in accumulator 3, the photovoltaic cell system provides power supply for automatic controller 8.4 work of automatic controller 8 control air compressors; During system works, open water intaking valve 10 and relief valve 12, the water in the tank 6 is entered in the pressurized tank 5, arrive when setting the high water level place, close water intaking valve 10 and relief valve 12, stop into water.At this moment, other valves also are in closed condition, and pressurized tank 5 becomes closed container.Open air compressor 4, open intake valve 9, fill compressed air in pressurized tank 5, to setting pressure, air compressor 4 quits work.At this moment, have certain pressure in the pressurized tank 5, open outlet valve 13, water is implemented to irrigate through irrigation conduit 7.When water level in the pressurized tank 5 was low to moderate the setting low water level, outlet valve 13 was closed, and system stops water outlet.Open relief valve 12 and water intaking valve 10, system intakes again, pressurization then, and water outlet is irrigated again, so, moves in circles.
System is provided with dosing and irritates 14, can add agricultural chemicals or nutrition as required, enters pressurized tank 5 by pipeline and control valve 15, after water mixes, exports in the lump when irrigating.
The present invention is widely used, and except that carrying out traditional crop irrigation, also can carry out irrigations such as place greening, roof greening, warm grid plant, is particularly suitable for the place use that does not have civil power and manually be difficult to realize irrigate at some.And system can accurately control the water yield, irrigation time, and can add nutriment, agricultural chemicals etc. automatically, uses very convenient.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 illustrates for system architecture of the present invention.
Number in the figure: 1 is photovoltaic cell, and 2 is charge controller, and 3 is accumulator, 4 is air compressor, and 5 is pressurized tank, and 6 is tank, 7 is irrigation conduit, and 8 is automatic controller, and 9 is intake valve, 10 is water intaking valve, and 11 is manometer, and 12 is relief valve, 13 is outlet valve, and 14 is medicine storing pot, and 15 is the soup control valve, 16 is last limnimeter, and 17 are following limnimeter.
Embodiment
The invention is further illustrated by the following examples.
500 watts of the power of photovoltaic cell 1 are equipped with corresponding charge controller 2 and accumulator 3,200 watts of the power of air compressor 4.Pressurized tank 5 be circular, make of metal material, volume is 30 cubic metres, tank 6 is a bigger pond, and volume is about 200 cubic metres, can be according to place size specific design, adopt reinforced concrete structure, medicine storing pot 14 volumes are 1 cubic metre, adopt stainless steel material to make.
Irrigation conduit 7 is provided with 1-3 road branch, and every diameter is 1.5cm, adopts engineering plastics and elastomeric material to make, and some nozzles or drip nozzle is set on the pipeline waits until, pipe branch quantity, length, nozzle etc. are all selected to determine according to actual needs.Undertaken by dress by shown in Figure 1, and corresponding accessory is set, comprise that each by-pass valve control, connecting pipe wait until.Native system can be implemented the irrigation of common crops or greening etc.

Claims (2)

1. an automatic irrigation system for solar energy pressure tank is characterized in that being connected to form through connecting line by photovoltaic cell (1), charge controller (2), accumulator (3), air compressor (4), pressurized tank (5), tank (6), irrigation conduit (7) and automatic controller (8); Wherein, photovoltaic cell (1), charge controller (2), accumulator (3) connect successively; Air compressor (4) is connected by pipeline with the air inlet on pressurized tank (5) top, and pipeline is provided with intake valve (9), and tank (6) is connected by pipeline with the water inlet at pressurized tank (5) middle part, and pipeline is provided with water intaking valve (10); The bottom delivery port of pressurized tank (5) is connected with irrigation conduit (7) by tube connector, and tube connector is provided with outlet valve (13); Automatic controller (8) is connected with air compressor (4), implements air compressor (4) is controlled; Automatic controller (8) provides power supply by the photovoltaic cell system; Pressurized tank (5) top is provided with manometer (11), and the tube connector between pressurized tank (5) and the manometer (11) is provided with arm, and arm is provided with relief valve (12); The bottom of pressurized tank (5) is provided with down water gauge (17), and the top of pressurized tank (5) is provided with water gauge (16).
2. automatic irrigation system for solar energy pressure tank according to claim 1 is characterized in that also being provided with medicine storing pot (14), and medicine storing pot (14) is connected by the middle part of pipeline with pressurized tank (5), and pipeline is provided with soup control valve (15).
CN2008102020038A 2008-10-30 2008-10-30 Automatic irrigation system for solar energy pressure tank Active CN101390488B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008102020038A CN101390488B (en) 2008-10-30 2008-10-30 Automatic irrigation system for solar energy pressure tank

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008102020038A CN101390488B (en) 2008-10-30 2008-10-30 Automatic irrigation system for solar energy pressure tank

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101390488A CN101390488A (en) 2009-03-25
CN101390488B true CN101390488B (en) 2010-10-13

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NO335206B1 (en) 2013-01-14 2014-10-20 Yara Int Asa DEVICE FOR CONTINUOUS INJECTION OF DRY PARTICULAR MATERIAL FOR FERTILIZER APPLICATIONS
CN103461079B (en) * 2013-08-19 2014-12-17 何思源 Domestic irrigation device capable of automatically controlling startup/shutdown based on solar energy
CN104132471A (en) * 2014-08-17 2014-11-05 蒋凤英 Temporary water storage device for bathing device
CN108093803B (en) * 2017-12-08 2021-06-04 中国农业大学 Multi-user random water supply and fertilization system and optimal design method
CN111296232A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-06-19 上海爱雨环境科技有限公司 Natural ecological circulating irrigation system for viaduct

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Owner name: SHANGHAI AIYU ENERGY-SAVING TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: WANG GANG

Effective date: 20121126

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20121126

Address after: Four floor, building 1398, Lane 7, Zhen Chen Road, Shanghai, Baoshan District

Patentee after: Shanghai shining Energy Technology Co. Ltd.

Address before: 200435, room 35, No. 1288, Lane 101, south of the Five Ridges Road, Shanghai, Baoshan District

Patentee before: Wang Gang