CN101387296A - Static vane compressor - Google Patents

Static vane compressor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101387296A
CN101387296A CNA2008102185774A CN200810218577A CN101387296A CN 101387296 A CN101387296 A CN 101387296A CN A2008102185774 A CNA2008102185774 A CN A2008102185774A CN 200810218577 A CN200810218577 A CN 200810218577A CN 101387296 A CN101387296 A CN 101387296A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
rotor
blade
compressor
vane compressor
Prior art date
Application number
CNA2008102185774A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈君立
阮勤江
王治超
耿爱农
李辛沫
Original Assignee
浙江鸿友压缩机制造有限公司
五邑大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 浙江鸿友压缩机制造有限公司, 五邑大学 filed Critical 浙江鸿友压缩机制造有限公司
Priority to CNA2008102185774A priority Critical patent/CN101387296A/en
Publication of CN101387296A publication Critical patent/CN101387296A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C18/00Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids
    • F04C18/30Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids having the characteristics covered by two or more of groups F04C18/02, F04C18/08, F04C18/22, F04C18/24, F04C18/48, or having the characteristics covered by one of these groups together with some other type of movement between co-operating members
    • F04C18/32Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids having the characteristics covered by two or more of groups F04C18/02, F04C18/08, F04C18/22, F04C18/24, F04C18/48, or having the characteristics covered by one of these groups together with some other type of movement between co-operating members having both the movement defined in group F04C18/02 and relative reciprocation between the co-operating members
    • F04C18/321Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids having the characteristics covered by two or more of groups F04C18/02, F04C18/08, F04C18/22, F04C18/24, F04C18/48, or having the characteristics covered by one of these groups together with some other type of movement between co-operating members having both the movement defined in group F04C18/02 and relative reciprocation between the co-operating members with vanes hinged to the inner member and reciprocating with respect to the inner member
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01CROTARY-PISTON OR OSCILLATING-PISTON MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F01C21/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in groups F01C1/00 - F01C20/00
    • F01C21/08Rotary pistons
    • F01C21/0809Construction of vanes or vane holders

Abstract

The invention relates to a static vane compressor which comprises a rotor 1, a cylinder 2, a vane 3, a rotary column 4 and end closures; the rotor 1 is arranged in the cylinder 2 in a deflective way; an axis O1 of the rotor rotates around an axis O2 of the cylinder; the outer surface of the rotor 1 is tangential to and matched with the surface of an inner hole of the cylinder 2; the outer end of the vane 3 is fastened and connected with the cylinder 2; the side ends of the vane 2 are respectively fastened to and connected with two corresponding end closures; a circular arc groove 5 is arranged on the rotor 1; a rotary column 4 is assembled in the circular arc groove 5 and is in rotating fit with the circular arc groove 5; a flat-shaped sliding groove 6 is arranged on the rotary column 4; the vane 3 is inserted into the sliding groove 6 and is in sliding fit with the sliding groove 6; as the cylinder 2, the vane 3 and the end closures are in static arrangement, on the one hand fit clearance and relative motion among the cylinder 2, the vane 3 and the end closures are eliminated; friction loss and leakage loss among the cylinder 2, the vane 3 and the end closures are reduced; on the other hand, as the vane is a moving part, the dynamic balance of the compressor is not needed to consider; namely, the dynamic balance of the compressor is simplified.

Description

Static vane compressor
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of compressor, relate in particular to a kind of vane compressor, more specifically to a kind of static vane compressor.
Background technique
Compressor is the key device of all gases compression device, in departments such as oil, chemical industry, power and light industrys a large amount of uses is arranged all.In various compressors, the compressor that one class amount is big, wide, influence is dark is arranged, the compressor that Here it is has the slide vane structure feature, as rolling piston compressor, swing-rotor type compressor and sliding-vane compressor or the like, above-mentioned compressor all belongs to the category of rotary compressor, compare with Reciprocting piston compressor, they have advantages such as little, in light weight, the simple in structure and dynamic balance performance of volume is good, so obtain using very widely in air compression, refrigeration and field of air conditioning.
But, tradition slide plate class rotary compressor has the drawback of a general character, Here it is, and they all have and one or morely do back and forth movement, rotatablely move or the blade of oscillating motion, just two problems have been brought thus: at first, there is motion just gapped, as just leaving matching gap between blade and cylinder, blade and the end cap, this will not only cause the internal leakage loss of compressor, and can cause frictional loss; Secondly, there is motion just may have inertial force, this is a well known fact, cause rotatablely moving of reciprocal inertia force, blade can cause centrifugal inertia force and the oscillating motion meeting of blade causes swing inertial force as the to-and-fro motion meeting of blade, the existence of these inertial force will cause the dynamic balance variation of compressor, and produce vibration and noise thus.
Summary of the invention
The problems referred to above at traditional slide plate class rotary compressor existence, the invention provides a kind of static vane compressor, its purpose is effectively to solve friction and the leakage problem between blade and cylinder, blade and the end cap, also reduces the dynamically balanced complexity of compressor simultaneously.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of static vane compressor is provided, and this compressor comprises a rotor, a cylinder, a blade, a rotary column and two end caps; Described rotor has a cylindrical outer surface, and described cylinder has a circle hole shape inner hole surface, and described blade is flat, and described rotary column has a cylindrical outer surface; Rotor is biased in the cylinder, the parallel axes setting of the axis of rotor and cylinder, and the outer surface of rotor and the tangent contact matching of the inner hole surface of cylinder, the axis of rotor is around the rotational of cylinder; The outer end that it is characterized in that described blade is connected with described cylinder seal, and the two side ends of blade is connected with corresponding two end bracket enclosed respectively, and the blade of compressor, cylinder and end cap are arranged stationary, that is the static blade of blade for not moving; Offer the arc groove parallel with rotor axis on described rotor, described rotary column is fitted in this arc groove and is rotatably assorted with it; Offer a chute with the flat of arc groove parallel axes on rotary column, described blade inserts in this chute and is slidingly matched with it.
It is the organization plan of static layout that the present invention adopts blade, cylinder and end cap, has eliminated matching gap and relative movement between them on the one hand, and the result has reduced the frictional loss and the leakage loss of blade and cylinder, blade and end cap; On the other hand, because blade is a state of rest and be not re-used as movement parts, so it need not carry out the dynamic balancing consideration, in other words the dynamic balancing of compressor is simplified.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an embodiment's of a kind of static vane compressor of the present invention a structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the fundamental diagram of a kind of static vane compressor shown in Figure 1.
Embodiment
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 show an embodiment's of a kind of static vane compressor of the present invention structural representation and fundamental diagram.In this embodiment, described static vane compressor comprises a rotor 1, cylinder 2, blade 3, rotary column 4, two end cap (not shown)s; Described rotor 1 has a cylindrical outer surface, and described cylinder 2 has a circle hole shape inner hole surface, and described blade 3 is flat, and described rotary column 4 has a cylindrical outer surface; Rotor 1 is biased in the cylinder 2, rotor axis O1 and cylinder-bore axis O2 be arranged in parallel, the distance of two axial lines is the throw of eccentric of rotor 1 with respect to cylinder 2, rotor axis O1 rotates around cylinder-bore axis O2, and the outer surface of rotor 1 cooperates (allow and have movement clearance or oil clearance) with the inner hole surface of cylinder 2 is tangent; Blade 3 is parallel with cylinder-bore axis O2, and its outer end and cylinder 2 are tightly connected, and the optimum position of blade 3 is to arrange that along the radial direction of cylinder 2 two side ends of blade 3 is connected (not shown) with corresponding two end bracket enclosed respectively; Need to prove especially, described be tightly connected be meant adopt build-in to connect, be articulated and connected, screw connects, the rivet connection, be welded to connect or linkage structures such as interference connection, gluing connection, can also be that sealing is close to, even can lay elastic sealed body such as rubber, north material, copper sheet, paper washer, fiber, sealer or the like in the joint, what blade 3 adopted among the embodiment shown in the figure is the sealing configuration of build-in to cylinder 2; Cylinder 2, blade 3 and end cap are static layout in the present embodiment, that is they are not movement parts, and this is greatest feature of the present invention place; On rotor 1, offer the arc groove parallel 5 with rotor axis O1, arc groove axes O 3, described rotary column 4 is fitted in this arc groove 5 and is rotatably assorted with it; Offering one on rotary column 4 is the chute 6 of the parallel flat of O3 with the arc groove axis, and described blade 3 inserts in this chute 6 and is slidingly matched with it; For driving rotor 1 motion, be coaxially arranged with rotating shaft 7 in the center portion of rotor 1, rotating shaft 7 can direct driving rotor 1 (not shown) also can drive rotor 1 (as shown in FIG.), can be that rolling bearing also can be a sliding bearing by bearing 8, it is to be noted, rotating shaft 7 can also can be driven by shaft coupling or belt or gear etc. by motor indirectly by motor direct-drive; For cylinder-bore axis O2, rotating shaft 7 belongs to the eccentric journal structure; Be not difficult to find from the compressor operating phase diagram that Fig. 2 provides, rotor 1 is followed rotor axis O1 on the one hand and is rotated around cylinder-bore axis O2, rotor 1 is also done oscillating motion around rotor axis O1 on the other hand, outer surface by rotor 1, the inner hole surface of cylinder 2 and both sides end cap have surrounded the crescent-shaped space of an enclosed shape, blade 3 divides the space into two active chamber air aspiration cavitys 9 and compression chamber 10, rotation along with rotor 1, the volume of air aspiration cavity 9 increases gradually, the volume of compression chamber 10 then reduces gradually, obviously, separately at end cap or separately at cylinder 2 or simultaneously intakeport is set on end cap and cylinder 2 and communicates with air aspiration cavity 9, relief opening is set to communicate with compression chamber 10, can constitute compressor, the intakeport 11 of present embodiment is located on the cylinder 2, relief opening 12 is located on the end cap;
In order to obtain the pulsation of bigger air displacement and minimizing exhaust pressure, static vane compressor of the present invention can be made the form of multi-cylinder, promptly adopt rotor 1, cylinder 2, blade 3 and the rotary column 4 of a plurality of same sizes or similar size to be combined into multicylinder compressor, combination can be in parallel also can connecting, with the parallel connection is example, and two cylinder machines can be made glasses shape layout, three cylinder machines can do that layout, four-cylinder can be made rectangular layout, five cylinder machines and then can make plum blossom shape layout or the like more than five cylinders in a triangle;
What deserves to be explained is, the material of compressor component can adopt metallic material also can adopt nonmetallic material, its best practice is to be body with metal such as cast iron, steel and materials such as alloyed steel, powder metallurgy, edge, embedding, plating or cover some elastic materials such as plastics, rubber, nylon and various fibers etc. on the basis of body then, antiwear heat resisting and antifriction materials such as above-mentioned nonmetallic material can the filling carbon dust, graphite, glass powder so just can be made compressor non-lubricated compressor;
In the present embodiment, blade 3 adopts the structure that is fastenedly connected to be connected with cylinder 2 and end cap, has eliminated matching gap and relative movement between them on the one hand, has reduced friction and the leakage of blade 3 with cylinder 2 and end cap; Because blade 3 and cylinder 2 are state of rest and do not move,, they consider that in other words the dynamic balancing of compressor is simplified on the other hand so need not carrying out dynamic balancing.
At last; it must be noted that; the structure of static vane compressor of the present invention and working principle can be transplanted on various fluid pumps and the fluid motor; as oil hydraulic pump, flow pump, sewage pump, vacuum pump and oil hydraulic motor or the like, all in said apparatus, adopt the technology of the present invention all should belong to category of the present invention and protection domain.

Claims (9)

1, a kind of static vane compressor comprises rotor [1], cylinder [2], blade [3], rotary column [4] and end cap; Described rotor [1] has a cylindrical outer surface, and described cylinder [2] has a circle hole shape inner hole surface, and described blade [3] is flat, and described rotary column [4] has a cylindrical outer surface; Rotor [1] is biased in the cylinder [2], the parallel axes setting of the axis of rotor [1] and cylinder [2], the tangent contact matching of inner hole surface of the outer surface of rotor [1] and cylinder [2]; The outer end and cylinder [2] employing that it is characterized in that blade [3] are tightly connected, and the two side ends of blade [3] is connected with corresponding end bracket enclosed respectively; Blade [3], cylinder [2] and end cap are arranged stationary, that is the static blade of blade [3] for not participating in moving; Offer arc groove [5] on described rotor [1], described rotary column [4] is fitted in this arc groove [5] and is rotatably assorted with it; Offer the chute [6] of flat on rotary column [4], described blade [3] inserts in this chute [6] and is slidingly matched with it.
2, a kind of static vane compressor according to claim 1, the arranged direction that it is characterized in that blade [3] is the radial direction of cylinder [2].
3, a kind of static vane compressor according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that the center portion of rotor [1] is coaxially arranged with rotating shaft [7].
4, a kind of static vane compressor according to claim 3 is characterized in that rotating shaft [7] drives rotor [1] by bearing [8].
5, according to each described a kind of static vane compressor in the claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that compressor is a multi-cylinder engine, the number of described rotor [1], cylinder [2], blade [3] and rotary column [4] has several.
6, according to each described a kind of static vane compressor in the claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that the component of compressor can use nonmetallic elastic material.
7,, it is characterized in that rotating shaft [7] is by motor direct-drive according to each described a kind of static vane compressor in the claim 1 to 4.
8,, it is characterized in that rotating shaft [7] is driven by shaft coupling or belt or gear etc. indirectly by motor according to each described a kind of static vane compressor in the claim 1 to 4.
9,, it is characterized in that described static blade compressor is as fluid pump or fluid motor according to each described a kind of static vane compressor in the claim 1 to 8.
CNA2008102185774A 2008-10-23 2008-10-23 Static vane compressor CN101387296A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008102185774A CN101387296A (en) 2008-10-23 2008-10-23 Static vane compressor

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008102185774A CN101387296A (en) 2008-10-23 2008-10-23 Static vane compressor
PCT/CN2008/073080 WO2010045767A1 (en) 2008-10-23 2008-11-17 A stationary vane type compressor
ITTO20080175 ITTO20080175U1 (en) 2008-10-23 2008-12-31 Stationary vane compressor
DE200920000009 DE202009000009U1 (en) 2008-10-23 2009-01-08 Stationary wing compressor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101387296A true CN101387296A (en) 2009-03-18

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNA2008102185774A CN101387296A (en) 2008-10-23 2008-10-23 Static vane compressor

Country Status (4)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101387296A (en)
DE (1) DE202009000009U1 (en)
IT (1) ITTO20080175U1 (en)
WO (1) WO2010045767A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104564687A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-29 南通汉瑞压缩机科技有限公司 Translational rotary compressor lubricating oil way system and oil path thereof
CN106151026A (en) * 2015-04-21 2016-11-23 王治清 A kind of kneading type booster pump

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5372018B2 (en) 2008-02-18 2013-12-18 ナンヤン テクノロジカル ユニヴァーシティー Rotating vane compressor and method for manufacturing the same
WO2011087457A1 (en) * 2010-01-14 2011-07-21 Nanyang Technological University Fixed vane assembly
SG182673A1 (en) 2010-02-09 2012-08-30 Univ Nanyang Tech Revolving vane expander
DE102020101312B3 (en) * 2020-01-21 2021-03-25 Nidec Gpm Gmbh Orbiter vacuum pump capable of running dry

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GB190926718A (en) * 1908-11-19 1910-05-19 Edmond Castellazzo Improvements in Rotary Engines.
CH206798A (en) * 1938-05-25 1939-08-31 Sulzer Ag Capsule compressor.
JP2807247B2 (en) * 1989-01-31 1998-10-08 株式会社東芝 Fluid compressor
CN2166260Y (en) * 1993-04-07 1994-05-25 王大然 Rotary compressor
JP3802940B2 (en) * 1994-10-31 2006-08-02 ダイキン工業株式会社 Rotary compressor and refrigeration equipment
JP2000352390A (en) * 1999-06-08 2000-12-19 Hiroyoshi Ooka Axially supported vane rotary compressor
CN1324220C (en) * 2004-06-30 2007-07-04 贺坤山 Rotary-piston machinery
CN2809275Y (en) * 2005-07-13 2006-08-23 五邑大学 Rotary compressor with secured vane
CN101408177A (en) * 2008-11-14 2009-04-15 浙江鸿友压缩机制造有限公司 Rotor seal device of rotary compressor

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104564687A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-29 南通汉瑞压缩机科技有限公司 Translational rotary compressor lubricating oil way system and oil path thereof
CN104564687B (en) * 2014-12-24 2019-01-01 南通益瑞祥科技咨询有限公司 A kind of translation rotary type compressor lubricant passage way system and its oil circuit path
CN106151026A (en) * 2015-04-21 2016-11-23 王治清 A kind of kneading type booster pump

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2010045767A1 (en) 2010-04-29
ITTO20080175U1 (en) 2010-04-24
DE202009000009U1 (en) 2009-03-26

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Open date: 20090318