Pot turning device and automatic/semi-automatic cooking device
The present invention relates to a kind of pot turning device, be specifically related to a kind of automatic/semi-automatic cooking equipment that is used for, can drive cooking pot tool and move, thereby realize the automatic/semi-automatic device that turns over pot cooking technology.
Turning over pot is to cook one of most important and the most frequently used technology of especially Chinese style specialty culinary art, promptly the urgency with pot add/modes such as deceleration curve motion drive the pot in a material movement and a upset, normally material in the pot is thrown (also can not throwing), make it upset, turn-over, fall within then near pot interior centre, to reach the purpose of material in the even heating kettle.
Automatic/semi-automaticization that the pot action is turned in realization is one of important prerequisite that realizes intelligent automatic/semiautomatic cooking, removes this, can also reduce labour intensity greatly, improve the accuracy of turning over pot action and dynamics, reaches to cause better cooking effect.The present pot pattern of turning over of the prior art be mostly to make pot body merely to rotate around fixed pivot, or straight line drags, by anxious acceleration, the anxious deceleration or anxious mode of stopping, material movement upset in the feasible pot.In disclosed Chinese food automatic cooking machine in Chinese patent 98232654.8, propose pot is installed on the turning cylinder, driven by motor pot and combustion gas tool are constantly just changeing counter-rotating, thereby make the material homogeneous heating of constantly being overturn in pot.The pan of this device can only be realized simple positive and negative rotation, if material in the pot will be realized flip-flop movement preferably, then need to make pan in position with produce enough big adding/deceleration opportunity, and this has just proposed very high requirement to the drive motors that is adopted, and be in the motor under this kind operating state for a long time, damage quite greatly, can reduce greatly service life.
Pot skill of turning in the Chinese way of cooking is the very very high technology of component difficulty, cooks need long-term and arduous practicing, could grasp the details main points in the action, wherein the speed of Fu Za movement locus and variation, acceleration are not that simple mechanical movement is alternative.By today, what do not occur as yet on the market that a kind of mechanism arrangement can the simulation reconstruction chef turns over the pot action, thereby the culinary art effect of automatic/semi-automatic Chinese meal cooking equipment is had a greatly reduced quality than manually-operated.
[summary of the invention]
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of be used on the automatic/semi-automatic cooking equipment pot turning device, this pot turning device can drive pot body and simulate the action of manually turning over pot, its motor pattern is very similar with pot body motor pattern manually-operated under.
Another object of the present invention provides a kind of automatic/semi-automatic cooking device of this pot turning device of application.
For this reason, a kind of pot turning device that is used on the automatic/semi-automatic cooking equipment comprises: at least one is connected pot mechanism of turning between pot body and the frame, and is used to drive and turns over pot mechanism to drive the power set of pot body motion.Wherein, turn over pot mechanism and comprise again pivoting and be arranged on crank on the frame, can swing the rocking bar that is arranged on the frame, and the connecting rod that slidably combines with rocking bar, first end and the crank of connecting rod are hinged, and second end links to each other with the pot body.
In the above-mentioned pot turning device, the mode that rocking bar and connecting rod are slidingly connected can be that a slide opening or chute are set on rocking bar, and connecting rod wears/is embedded in wherein; Also can be can pivot a slide block is set on rocking bar, correspondence be provided with a chute on the connecting rod, and described slide block slidably is housed in the described chute.
Above-mentioned pot turning device can further include fixing structure, and second end that turns over the connecting rod of pot mechanism links to each other with the pot body by fixing structure.The mechanism of forms such as this fixing structure can buckle, claw, self-locking spring removably connects with a pot body, and form such as also can weld, rivet, be spirally connected is carried out non-dismountable the connection with a pot body.
In the above-mentioned pot turning device, the described pot mechanism of turning over can only have independent one, is arranged at pot any part of body peripheral extent, as the side of pot body, front, top, below etc.; Also two or more pot mechanisms of turning over to pot body motion generation same function effect are arranged at pot different parts of body periphery respectively.The a pair of pot mechanism of turning over of preferred employing is arranged at pot body both sides symmetrically.
In the above-mentioned pot turning device, crank and rocking bar all can set for its mandrel that rotates or wave.Can be that mandrel is fixed on the frame, pivoting with crank/rocking bar be connected, and crank/rocking bar can rotate around it; Also can be that the mandrel pivot is arranged on the frame, be rigidly connected that crank/rocking bar can rotate therewith with crank/rocking bar.
In the above-mentioned pot turning device, also can include power set, as: motor.Power set can drive crank, also can drive rocking bar, consider from effect, preferably crank are driven.Further, also can link to each other between power set and the crank/rocking bar, with the output movement transmission of power set and be converted into the required motion mode of crank/rocking bar by transmission device.Concrete form can as: at the power of power set output position driving gear is set, crank is fixedlyed connected with the power transmission shaft that pivot is arranged on the frame, is fixed with the driven gear that is meshed with aforementioned driving gear on the power transmission shaft.Power transmission shaft described herein and aforesaid mandrel can unite two into one.
When pot turning device of the present invention moves, crank is done circumference or circular motion, rocking bar is done and is swung, connecting rod is maintained fixed angle with respect to the glide direction and the rocking bar of rocking bar, preferred vertical mutually, the movement locus of pot body then is near oval, moves very similar with the manually-operated pot that turns in the Chinese way of cooking technology.
Adopt pot turning device of the present invention, following advantage is arranged: 1, imitate fully and manually-operatedly in the Chinese way of cooking technology turn over pot action, make the cooking technology of machine have professional cook's level more; 2, adopt this kind mechanism to be provided with, speed and velocity ratio that power set are required are less, and be therefore lower to the requirement of power set such as motor, can promptly reach with low cost to cause ideal effect; 3, the vibration that package unit moves and impact for a short time, thereby stability is high, mechanical life is long.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described further.
[description of drawings]
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the embodiment 1 of pot turning device of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 1.Fig. 3 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the embodiment 2 of pot turning device of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of the embodiment 3 of pot turning device of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the embodiment 5 of pot turning device of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 6.
Shown in Fig. 1～3, a kind of pot turning device mainly comprises: the crank and rocker mechanism that a cover is made of crank 31, connecting rod 11 and rocking bar 21, and fixing structure 41, as the motor 70 in power output source with the transmission of power of motor 70 outputs is given the power transmission shaft 51 of crank 31.Described fixing structure 41 can embed pan 60 wherein in the form of a ring, and by bayonet unit, pan 60 is fixing.Described connecting rod 11 1 ends and crank 31 are hinged, the other end is fixedlyed connected with fixing structure 41, its position can be positioned at the tangential direction of ring-type fixing structure 41, also can also can be positioned at the position that other parallel with the circumferentia of fixing structure 41 along the radial direction of fixing structure 41.Can know in Fig. 3 and see that be with driving gear 81 on the output shaft of motor 70, driving gear 81 is meshed with driven gear 82, driven gear 82 fixed covers are at power transmission shaft 51 middle parts, and power transmission shaft 51 is rigidly connected with crank 31, and pivot is arranged on the pedestal 91.
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 1.One end of rocking bar 21 is fixed on the mandrel 52, and the other end is provided with a slide opening and is enclosed within on the connecting rod 11, can be along connecting rod 11 axially carry out relative slippage.Axially axially mutual vertical with mandrel 52 of described slide opening.Mandrel 52 pivots and is arranged on the pedestal 92.
When a whole set of pot turning device moved, the output shaft of motor 70 drove driving gear 81 and rotates, and driving gear 81 drives driven gears 82 and rotates, and driven gear 82 drive power transmission shafts 51 rotate, and power transmission shaft 51 drives cranks 31 and moves in a circle.Connecting rod 11 is passed to fixing structure 41 with the circular motion of crank 31, and the pot that turns over that fixing structure 41 is done when being similar to the cook and cooking together with the pan 60 that is fixed thereon moves back and forth.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of another embodiment of the invention.Different is that the parts that motor 70 is driven change mandrel 52 into by the power transmission shaft among the embodiment 1 51 with embodiment 1.Driven gear 82 is transferred on the mandrel 52 fixedlys connected with it.
During a whole set of pot turning device operation, when the output shaft of motor 70 drives thereon driving gear 81 of cover and clockwise rotate, the time and rotate counterclockwise, the angle of rotation can be set according to actual needs in advance.Driving gear 81 drives driven gear 82 and rotates, and driven gear 82 drives mandrel 52 and rotates, and then drive rocking bar 21 swings.By the swing of rocking bar 21, can drive the motion of crank 31, connecting rod 11 and fixing structure 41, thereby the pot that turns over when making pan 60 realize that being similar to the cook cooks moves back and forth.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of the third embodiment of the present invention.In the present embodiment, compare embodiment 1 and embodiment 2, its difference is, has increased the another set of crank and rocker mechanism of being made up of crank 32, connecting rod 12 and rocking bar 22, and its connected mode is identical with the first cover crank endplay device.Two cover crank endplay devices are fixedly connected respectively at different positions and fixing structure 41, and preferred symmetry is divided into fixing structure 41 both sides.This embodiment is more firmly firm to the effect of pan 60.
In the present embodiment, the fixing structure that is used to place pan is transformed to a claw, the edge of pan can be fixed.
Present embodiment such as Fig. 6, shown in Figure 7, be with the difference of embodiment 1, cancelled the mode that rocking bar 21 and connecting rod 11 engage by slide opening among the embodiment 1, and connecting rod 11 is provided with chute 13, rocking bar 23 1 ends are fixed in mandrel 52, the other end and slide block 14 are hinged, and slide block 14 is accommodated in the chute 13, can slide along chute 13.