CN101377983B - Household appliance operation apparatus and indication unit operation method - Google Patents

Household appliance operation apparatus and indication unit operation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101377983B
CN101377983B CN 200710131445 CN200710131445A CN101377983B CN 101377983 B CN101377983 B CN 101377983B CN 200710131445 CN200710131445 CN 200710131445 CN 200710131445 A CN200710131445 A CN 200710131445A CN 101377983 B CN101377983 B CN 101377983B
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China
Prior art keywords
operation
induction coil
appliance
knob
shaft
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CN 200710131445
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101377983A (en
Inventor
卡马蒂·克里斯丁
玛乐·安德斯
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博西华电器(江苏)有限公司
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Priority to CN 200710131445 priority Critical patent/CN101377983B/en
Publication of CN101377983A publication Critical patent/CN101377983A/en
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Publication of CN101377983B publication Critical patent/CN101377983B/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24COTHER DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C3/00Stoves and ranges for gaseous fuels
    • F24C3/12Arrangement for mounting of control and safety devices
    • F24C3/126Arrangement for mounting of control and safety devices on ranges
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24COTHER DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C7/00Stoves or ranges heated by electrical energy
    • F24C7/08Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • F24C7/082Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices on ranges, e.g. control panels, illumination

Abstract

The invention relates to an operating device for household appliances, which has a switch shaft (12) and an operating knob (16); the switch shaft which passes through a cover plate (10) is used for carrying out control to a switch organ which is arranged below or behind the cover plate (10); the operating knob which is inserted onto the switch shaft (12) comprises at least one instruction unit (22). In order to lead the operating device for the household appliances to have anti-corrosion performance and durability, the invention suggests allocating an induction coil arrangement (20) which cantransfer the power which is required for operating the instruction unit (22) to the operating knob (16) from the space under or behind the cover plate (10) in the way of inductance.

Description

家用电器操作装置和指示单元操作方法 Apparatus and operation method instructing unit operation of the appliance

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种根据权利要求1前序部分所述的家用电器操作装置和一种根据权利要求14前序部分所述的操作一家用电器操作装置的指示单元的方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a preamble of the household appliance and a method for operating apparatus 14 prior to the instructions of the sequence portion of a home appliance unit operating device according to claim claim.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 现有技术中有多种已知的家用电器操作装置,其包括一盖板和多个布置在这一盖板上面或前面的家用电器操作旋钮。 [0002] There are several known prior art appliances operating device, which includes a cover and a plurality of operation knobs are arranged in the household appliance or in front of the cover. 这些操作旋钮通常抗扭转地与一开关轴相连,这一开关轴又在操作旋钮和布置在盖板下面或后面的开关机构之间建立一机械连接。 These typically operating knob rotationally connected to the shaft with a switch, the switch shaft and the operation knob and disposed to establish a mechanical connection between the cover sheet or the back of the switch mechanism. 通过转动操作旋钮可使开关机构进入不同的开关位置,这些开关位置对应于待操作家用电器的各个工作状态。 By turning the operation knob enables the switching mechanism into the different switching positions, these positions corresponding to the respective switches the operating state of the home appliance to be operated. 普通的家用电器操作装置主要用在例如为灶台或炉灶的炊具上,但冰箱、洗碗机或诸如此类的家用电器上也使用这种操作装置。 Normal operation of the appliance, for example, on a device mainly used for the cooking hob or stove, the refrigerator household appliances, dishwashers or the like is also the use of such operating means.

[0003] 此外,在操作旋钮中安装例如为发光二极管的指示单元并通过开关轴内的供电线为其供电,也属于已知方案。 [0003] Further, in the operation knob is mounted, for example, the light emitting diode and indicating unit via a power supply line switching shaft in its power supply, are also known solutions.

[0004] 带有玻璃烹饪面或玻璃陶瓷烹饪面的灶台领域的已知方案是将旋转式选择开关的操作旋钮安装在玻璃陶瓷烹饪面上,其中,例如以电感方式对旋转式选择开关的开关位置进行检测。 [0004] Known art solutions hob with a glass or glass-ceramic cooking surface of the cooking surface is a rotary dial operation selection switch mounted on a glass ceramic cooking surface, wherein, for example, inductively rotary selector switch position detecting switch. 这种家用电器操作装置中不存在需要贯穿玻璃陶瓷烹饪面的开关轴,因而无需在玻璃陶瓷烹饪面上钻孔,从而可避免玻璃陶瓷烹饪面出现与钻孔有关的不稳定。 It requires switching shaft through the glass ceramic cooking surface in the absence of such means operation of the appliance, eliminating the need for drilling glass ceramic cooking surface, thereby avoiding problems with glass ceramic cooking surface of the borehole are not stable. 例如DE 102 12 954 Al中公开过这样一种家用电器操作装置,其中,这种家用电器操作装置还具有以电感方式为操作旋钮输送电能来操控布置在操作旋钮内部的发光元件的构件。 For example, in DE 102 12 954 Al discloses such an apparatus operation of the appliance, wherein the operating means further includes a home appliance such inductively supplying electric power to operate the knob to manipulate the operating member in the light emitting element is arranged inside the knob.

[0005] 不带开关轴的操作装置以非接触方式检测操作旋钮位置的方案不仅复杂,还容易出错,而通过布置在开关轴上或开关轴内的导线来输送电能的方案则会由于触点腐蚀而带来问题,这种问题只有通过对触点进行彻底密封才能得到解决。 [0005] means without switch operation shaft in a non-contact manner knob position detecting operation program is complicated, error prone, and to transmit electrical energy through wires disposed on or inside the switch shaft of the switch shaft the contact solution will be due corrosion and cause problems, such problems be resolved only by contacts in order to thoroughly seal. 而这一点又会给操作装置造成不易清洗的缺点。 This, in turn caused by the shortcomings difficult to clean the device will operate.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明的目的主要是提供一种具有一操作旋钮的家用电器操作装置,所述操作旋钮通过一开关轴与一开关机构相连,并具有至少一个指示单元,所述家用电器操作装置易于清洗,且不具有容易受到腐蚀的触点。 [0006] The main object of the present invention is to provide a household appliance having an operation means an operation knob, the operation knob is connected via a switch with a switching mechanism shaft, and having at least one indicating means, the operation of the appliance means easy cleaning, without having contacts susceptible to corrosion.

[0007] 这个目的通过一种根据权利要求1所述的家用电器操作装置和一种根据权利要求14所述的操作一家用电器操作装置的指示单元的方法而达成。 [0007] This object is achieved by a household appliance control device according to claim 1 and one of the requirements to achieve claimed method for indicating a unit of the home appliance operating means according to claim 14. 从属权利要求涉及的是本发明的有利建构方案和改进方案。 Construction embodiment according to the present invention is advantageous developments and subclaims.

[0008] 本发明主要涉及一种具有一开关轴与一操作旋钮的家用电器操作装置,所述开关轴贯穿一盖板,用于对一布置在所述盖板下面或后面的开关机构进行操控,所述操作旋钮插在所述开关轴上,并包括至少一个指示单元。 [0008] The present invention relates to a home appliance and an operating knob operating device having a switching shaft, the switch shaft through a cover plate for a cover plate is arranged to manipulate the switch means under or behind , the operation switch knob inserted in said shaft, and comprising at least one indication means.

[0009] 本发明所提供的家用电器操作装置配有一感应线圈布置,所述感应线圈布置以电感方式传输操作指示单元所需的电能,其中,感应线圈布置将电能从盖板下方或后方的空间中传输到操作旋钮上。 [0009] The present invention provides a home appliance operating device with an induction coil arrangement, the induction coil arrangement inductively transmission operation instruction required for the power unit, wherein power from the induction coil is arranged below or behind the cover space transmitted to the operating knob. 通过这种电感式电能传输,可避免在家用电器操作装置中使用会随着操作旋钮的插、拔而闭合或断开的插式触点,从而达到改善整个装置防腐性能的目的。 This inductive energy transmission, can be avoided with the use of the interpolation operation knob, and pulling off the closure or plug-in contact device in operation of the appliance, so as to achieve the purpose of improving the corrosion resistance of the entire apparatus. 建构操作旋钮与开关轴之间的插接连接时,无需布置用于传输电能的插式触点,从而可在装置清洗方面使所述插接连接得到优化。 Construction of the plug when the operation knob between the switch shaft, need not be arranged plug-in contacts for transmitting electrical energy, so that the apparatus can be cleaned aspect the plug connection is optimized.

[0010] 所述感应线圈布置包括第一感应线圈和第二感应线圈;所述第一感应线圈布置在所述盖板下面,通过一变压器为所述第一感应线圈加载交流电流,所述变压器用一控制单元控制;所述第二感应线圈布置在插在所述开关轴上的所述操作旋钮的底面上,并整合在一包括所述指示单元在内的电路中;根据在所述第一感应线圈上测得的一介质损耗角,所述控制单元可推断出内部整合有电感负载的操作旋钮的存在或不存在情况。 [0010] The induction coil arrangement comprises a first inductive coil and the second induction coil; the first induction coil is disposed below the cap plate, through a first induction coil of said transformer to an alternating current load, said transformer by a control unit; the second induction coil disposed on the bottom surface of the operation knob of the switch shaft is inserted and integrated in the instruction unit comprising a circuit including; according to the first an induction coil on a measured dielectric loss angle, the control unit may infer the presence of an internal incorporating an inductive load operation knob or absence of the case.

[0011] 通过以电感方式为操作旋钮输送电能以及通过将指示单元布置在操作旋钮中,可避免从开关轴上插、拔操作旋钮时出现火花。 [0011] By delivering electrical energy inductively through the operating knob and the indicating means is arranged in the operation knob can be avoided when the spark plug from the switch shaft, pulling the operating knob. 在此情况下,如果将所述开关机构设计为家用电器的供气开关,就特别可在工作稳定性方面给本发明的家用电器操作装置带来额外的优点O In this case, if the switch mechanism is designed to switch the supply of household appliances, particularly can bring additional advantages to the operation of the appliance O device of the invention in operation stability

[0012] 根据指示单元的一种特别简单的建构方案,所述指示单元可包括至少一个发光二极管。 [0012] According to one particularly simple instruction unit construction embodiment, the indication unit may include at least one light emitting diode. 由于发光二极管的能耗较低,因此,这种方案并不会妨碍电感式电能输送的实现。 Due to the low power consumption of the light emitting diode, and therefore, such programs do not prevent the inductive energy transmission is achieved.

[0013] 其中,如果所述发光二极管为一有机发光二极管或一高分子发光二极管,就可实现较为复杂的颜色。 [0013] wherein, if the light emitting diode is an organic light emitting diode or a polymer light emitting diodes, can achieve a more complex color.

[0014] 根据本发明的一改进方案,指示单元除一种非工作状态外还具有至少两种与感应线圈布置传输过来的信号相关的不同工作状态。 [0014] According to one embodiment of the invention, the indicating means in addition to a non-operating state and further having at least two induction coils are arranged over the transmission signal related to a different operating state. 举例而言,这些不同的工作状态可显示余热情况、燃气阀的开关情况、用于测量烹饪时间的计时器的计时情况或与包括操作装置的家用电器相关的其他特征。 For example, different operating states of these switches can show case heat, the gas valve when the timer for timing cooking time measurement, or other characteristics associated with the home appliance comprises operating means.

[0015] 如果指示单元包括一显示单元,就可实现信息含量较大的特别全面的指示方案。 [0015] If the indication unit comprises a display unit, a larger information content can be achieved particularly comprehensive indicative scheme. 所述显示单元例如可建构为七段显示器、液晶显示器或类似的显示器。 The display unit may be constructed, for example, as a segment display, a liquid crystal display monitor or the like.

[0016] 通过一用于检测开关轴上是否插有操作旋钮的检测器布置,可在控制家用电器时对操作旋钮的存在情况加以考虑。 [0016] By a switch for detecting whether the operation knob shaft inserted detector arrangement, may take account of the presence of the operation knob when controlling the home appliance. 举例而言,当操作旋钮被拔掉时,家用电器操作装置可紧急切断电路。 For example, when the operation knob is pulled, the emergency operation of the appliance means may cut off the circuit. 这种结构例如可用作灶台的儿童防护装置。 This configuration example, as children hob guard.

[0017] “操作旋钮可插在开关轴上”的意思既可指纯粹出于清洗目的或触发儿童防护功能的目的而从开关轴上拔下操作旋钮或将操作旋钮插到开关轴上,并且在此过程中无需使用任何工具,也可指装配时将操作旋钮插在开关轴上,其中,就第二种情况而言,也可将操作旋钮与开关轴浇铸或粘接在一起。 [0017] "operation switch knob shaft inserted" is meant either refers purely for the purpose of cleaning purposes or the child-resistant trigger the disconnect switch operating knob from the shaft into the switch knob or the operating shaft, and in this process without the use of any tools, you can also refer to the operating knob inserted in the switch shaft, wherein, on the case of the second, and also can switch the operating knob shaft cast or bonded together during assembly. 如果将指示单元封装在操作旋钮的一特别为透明的塑料材料内,就可实现指示单元与相应电子元件之间的彻底电绝缘。 If the instruction unit is encapsulated in a special operation knob of a transparent insulating plastic material, it is possible to achieve complete electrical connection between the indicating unit corresponding to the electronic component. 如果所述家用电器操作装置包括一以电感方式检测操作旋钮旋转位置的构件,即使在操作旋钮以一错误角度插在开关轴上的情况下,也能确保家用电器的正常工作,还可通过可任意旋转的操作旋钮来进行操作。 If the home appliance operating means comprises a member inductively detect the rotational position of the operation knob, even if the operation knob is inserted at an angle error in the case of the switch shaft, but also to ensure the normal operation of the home appliance, also via any rotation of the operation knob to operate.

[0018] 如果操作旋钮与感应线圈布置的布置在盖板下面或后面的部分之间电绝缘,就无需布置容易受到腐蚀的电触点。 [0018] If the operation knob and the induction coil arrangement arranged between an electrically insulating cover portion under or behind, it is susceptible to corrosion need not be arranged in electrical contact. 如果将感应线圈布置设计为可向指示单元传输至少一项信息,就可在指示单元上显示较全面的信息。 When the induction coil is arranged to be designed to transmit information indicative of at least one unit, more comprehensive information can be displayed on the indicator unit.

[0019] 如果所述家用电器操作装置包括一通过感应线圈布置来对指示单元进行操控的控制单元,就可对一包括所述家用电器操作装置的家用电器的工作状态进行全面显示。 [0019] If the home appliance operating means comprises a control unit manipulated by a unit indicating the induction coil arrangement, it is possible for a home appliance comprising a working state of the operation of the appliance means comprehensive display. 所述控制单元可根据家用电器的工作状态灵活地确定指示单元的状态。 The control unit may be flexibly determined in accordance with the state indicating unit operation state of the home appliance.

[0020] 本发明还涉及一种操作一家用电器操作装置的指示单元的方法,所述家用电器操作装置具有一开关轴与一操作旋钮,所述开关轴贯穿一盖板,用于对一布置在所述盖板下面或后面的开关机构进行操控,所述操作旋钮插在所述开关轴上,并包括至少一个指示单兀。 [0020] The present invention further relates to a method of operating a home appliance unit indicating the operation device, the operation of the appliance switch means having a shaft and an operating knob of the switch shaft through a cover plate, an arrangement for manipulate the cap plate under or behind the switching mechanism, the switching operation knob inserted in said shaft, and comprising at least one single indication Wu.

[0021] 所述方法的一改进方案是,通过一感应线圈布置以电感方式将操作指示单元所需的电能从盖板下方或后方的空间中传输到操作旋钮上。 A refinement of the [0021] method is transmitted from the space beneath or behind the cover plate to the operation knob through an induction coil arranged to inductively power required for operation instructing unit. 在此情况下就无需通过导线和触点来传输电能,由于触点会发生腐蚀,因而导线和触点的使用不仅会缩短操作装置的使用寿命,还会给操作装置造成不易清洗的缺点。 In this case there is no need to transmit electrical energy through wires and contacts, since the contact corrosion can occur, and therefore the use of wires and the contacts will not only shorten the life of operation of the device, resulting in disadvantage also difficult to clean to the operating means. 进一步地,通过所述感应线圈布置检测所述开关轴上是否插有操作旋钮。 Further, by the induction coil arrangement of the switch detecting whether an operation knob shaft is inserted.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0022] 下面借助附图所示的实施例对本发明的优点作进一步说明。 Example of embodiment shown in the drawings advantages of the invention will be further described [0022] below with. 附图、说明书和权利要求包含有大量特征组合。 Drawings, description and claims contain numerous features in combination. 专业人员也可逐个地对这些特征进行研究,并总结出其他的合理组合。 Professionals can study these features individually and summed other reasonable combinations. 其中: among them:

[0023] 图1为一具有一家用电器操作装置的燃气灶,所述家用电器操作装置包括一贯穿盖板、用于操控布置在盖板下面的开关机构的开关轴;以及 [0023] FIG. 1 is a gas stove having a home appliance operating device, said operating means includes a home appliance through cover plate, is arranged in the switching shaft for actuating the switching mechanism the cover sheet; and

[0024] 图2为图1所示的家用电器操作装置,其具有一燃气阀与一感应线圈布置。 [0024] FIG. 2 is a home appliance operating device shown in Figure 1, a gas valve having an induction coil arrangement. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0025] 图1显示的是一带有一家用电器操作装置的燃气灶,所述家用电器操作装置包括多个分别贯穿家用电器操作装置的一盖板10的开关轴12。 [0025] FIG. 1 shows a gas stove with a device of operation of the appliance, the home appliance operating means comprises a plurality of each household appliance through a cover switch operating device 12 of the shaft 10. 在图1所示的实施例中,所述燃气灶具有四个火头14,其中,每个火头14均分配有一插在开关轴12上的操作旋钮16,通过所述操作旋钮可以已知方式打开或关闭布置在盖板10下面的燃气阀。 In the embodiment illustrated in Figure 1, the gas stove has four attempting 14, wherein each assigned a 14 attempting a switch inserted on the shaft 12 of the operation knob 16, the operation knob can be known by Open or closing the gas valve 10 is arranged below the cover. 开关轴12从一圆孔贯穿盖板10,并与开关机构18机械相连,所述开关机构在这个实施例中建构为燃气阀。 The shaft 12 through the switch from a circular cover plate 10, and is connected to the mechanical switching mechanism 18, the switching mechanism of the embodiment constructed as a gas valve in this embodiment.

[0026] 图2以详图形式显示开关轴12、开关机构18与一感应线圈布置20,所述感应线圈布置以电感方式传输操作一整合在操作旋钮16中的指示单元22所需的电能。 [0026] Figure 2 shows in detail the form of the switching shaft 12, and the switching mechanism 18 is disposed an induction coil 20, the induction coil arrangement operating inductively transmitted electrical energy required for an integrated unit 22 instructs the operation knob 16. 感应线圈布置20用于以电感方式将电能从盖板10下方的一空间中输送到操作旋钮16上。 Induction coil 20 is arranged to feed electric power inductively from a space 10 below the cover plate onto the operation knob 16.

[0027] 开关轴12采用伸缩式建构方式,由两个可同轴相向移动的零件(未详细显示)构成。 [0027] The shaft 12 is telescopic type switch construction of embodiment, consists of two coaxial parts moving towards each other (not shown in detail) configuration. 其中一个可相对于开关机构18进行移动的零件上配有一弹簧M,所述弹簧朝上方,即朝开关轴12插有操作旋钮16的末端的方向推动开关轴12。 Wherein a switching mechanism 18 may be performed with respect to a spring M with moving parts, the spring upward, i.e., toward the direction of the switch operating shaft 12 is inserted in the end of the knob shaft 16 of the push switch 12.

[0028] 燃气阀与开关机构18的一双金属开关共同起作用,所述双金属开关可以已知方式进行火焰监测。 A bimetallic switch [0028] The gas valve 18 and the switching mechanism works together, the bimetal switch can monitor the flame in a known manner.

[0029] 为点燃燃气火焰,须克服弹簧M的回复力沿轴向向下按压并转动操作旋钮16。 [0029] The ignition of a gas flame, M has to overcome the spring restoring force axially downward and presses the operation knob 16 is rotated.

[0030] 在图1和图2所示的实施例中,指示单元22包括一例如建构为有机发光二极管或高分子发光二极管的发光二极管沈,其用于对余热进行指示。 [0030] In the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2, the indication unit 22 comprises a light emitting diode, for example, Shen Construction of an organic light emitting diode or a polymer light emitting diode, which is used to heat an instruction.

[0031] 在本发明的可选实施例中,指示单元22除一种非工作状态外还可具有两种与感应线圈布置20传输过来的信号相关的不同工作状态。 [0031] embodiment, the indicating unit 22 in addition to a non-operating state and also has two induction coils 20 disposed over the transmission signal related to a different operating state In an alternative embodiment of the present invention. 举例而言,指示单元22可包括不同颜色的发光二极管26,其中,可根据(例如)通过一温度传感器检测到的余热情况接通和断开具有一第一颜色的发光二极管26,具有其他颜色的一第二发光二极管沈则例如用于指示燃气输送状态,且总是在燃气阀打开时发光。 For example, the indication unit 22 may include light emitting diodes 26 of different colors, wherein, according to (e.g.) heat is detected by a temperature sensor having a light emitting diode on and off a first color 26, having other colors a second light emitting diode for indicating, for example, the heavy gas supply state, and always emit light when the gas valve is opened.

[0032] 在另一实施例中,指示单元22包括一显示单元,这个显示单元也可显示较全面的信息,例如特定的烹饪程序、某个烹饪过程的已持续时间或诸如此类的信息。 [0032] In another embodiment, the indication unit 22 includes a display unit, the display unit may display more comprehensive information, such as a particular cooking program, the cooking process has a duration information or the like.

[0033] 感应线圈布置20包括一布置在盖板10下面的第一感应线圈观,通过一变压器32 为所述第一感应线圈加载交流电流,所述变压器可用此处仅以示意图形式显示的控制单元34控制,感应线圈布置20还包括一第二感应线圈30,所述第二感应线圈布置在插在开关轴12上的操作旋钮16的底面上,并整合在一包括指示单元22在内的电路中。 [0033] The induction coil arrangement 20 comprises a first induction coil disposed in the Concept 10 below the cover plate, the first induction coil is controlled to an alternating current load, the transformer can be used herein is schematically shown only by a transformer 32 a control unit 34, the induction coil arrangement 20 further comprises a second induction coil 30, the second induction coil disposed on the switch shaft 12 is inserted in the bottom surface of the operation knob 16, and integrated in a unit 22 including the indication comprises circuit.

[0034] 根据在下部感应线圈观上测得的一介质损耗角,控制单元34可推断出内部整合有电感负载的操作旋钮16的存在或不存在情况,因此,感应线圈布置20同时还可用作可检测开关轴上是否插有操作旋钮16的检测器布置。 [0034] The dielectric loss tangent at a lower portion of the induction coil on observations obtained, the control unit 34 incorporating the internal infer the presence or absence of an inductive load operation knob 16, and therefore, the induction coil arrangement 20 may also be used simultaneously detecting whether the switch shaft can be inserted with an operation knob 16 of the detector arrangement.

[0035] 在本发明的一特别有利的实施例中,指示单元22、布置在操作旋钮16中的感应线圈30和指示单元22与感应线圈30之间的全部连接线均封装在操作旋钮16的一透明塑料材料中。 [0035] In a particularly advantageous embodiment of the present invention, the instruction unit 22, all disposed in the connecting line 22 between the operation knob 30 and the induction coil 16 and the coil 30 are enclosed in the instruction unit 16 of the operation knob a transparent plastic material. 封装在操作旋钮16中的感应线圈30与开关轴12同轴布置,且被开关轴12贯穿。 Encapsulating the induction coil 30 and the switching operation knob 16 in the shaft 12 in a coaxial arrangement, the switching shaft 12 and is penetrating. 因此,下部感应线圈观与封装在操作旋钮16中的感应线圈30之间的电能传输与操作旋钮16或开关轴12的旋转位置无关,因而无论家用电器处于何种工作状态,均可确保这种电能传输的实现。 Thus, the lower portion of the induction coil View package independent of the rotational position of the power transmission between the operating knob 16 in the induction coil 30 and the switching operation knob 16 or the shaft 12, and thus the operating state regardless of what is in the home appliance, and can ensure that such achieve energy transfer.

[0036] 在指示单元22和感应线圈布置20的上半部分全部封装在操作旋钮16的塑料材料内的情况下,操作旋钮16与感应线圈布置20的布置在盖板10下面或后面的部分之间完全电绝缘,不会受到任何腐蚀。 [0036] 20 is disposed in the upper half of the instruction unit 22 and the induction coils are encapsulated in the case where the operation knob 16 of plastic material, part 20 is disposed in the cover 10 under or behind the operating knob 16 of the induction coil arrangement The completely electric insulation, will not be any corrosion.

[0037] 在本发明的其他实施例中,家用电器操作装置可包括一以电感方式检测操作旋钮16的旋转位置的构件,感应线圈布置20可向指示单元22传输较全面的信息,其方法例如为,感应线圈布置20包括一接收芯片,所述接收芯片布置在操作旋钮16中,用于对感应线圈布置20传输过来的数据流进行处理。 [0037] In other embodiments of the present invention, the operation of the appliance means may comprise a member inductively detect the rotational position of the operation knob 16, the induction coil 20 may be arranged more comprehensive information 22 to the transmission instruction unit, which method e.g. of the induction coil arrangement 20 includes a receiving chip, receiver chip is arranged in the operation knob 16, the induction coil arrangement 20 for transmission over the data stream is processed.

[0038] 本发明的家用电器操作装置实现了一种操作一家用电器操作装置的指示单元22 的方法,所述家用电器操作装置具有一开关轴12与一操作旋钮16,所述开关轴贯穿盖板10,用于对一布置在盖板10下面或后面的开关机构18进行操控,所述操作旋钮插在开关轴12上,并包括至少一个指示单元22。 [0038] The operation of the appliance apparatus of the present invention enables a method of operating a home appliance unit indicating the operation of apparatus 22, the operation of the appliance switch means having a shaft 12 and an operating knob 16, the switch shaft through the cover plate 10, for a cover plate 10 is arranged to manipulate under or behind the switch mechanism 18, the operation knob to the switch shaft 12 is inserted, and comprising at least one instruction unit 22.

[0039] 操作指示单元22所需的电能由感应线圈布置20 (即借助感应线圈观、30)以电感方式从盖板10的下方传输到操作旋钮16上。 [0039] The power required for the operation instruction means 22 arrangement 20 (i.e., by means of an induction coil concept, 30) by the induction coil inductively transmitted from underneath the cover 10 to the operation knob 16.

[0040] 专业人员不难看出,本发明的家用电器操作装置和本发明的操作指示单元22的方法不仅适用于燃气灶,还可合理地用在其他类型的具有一操作旋钮16与一开关轴12的家用电器上。 [0040] is easy to see professionals, home appliance operating method and apparatus of the invention of the present invention, the operation instructing unit 22 is applied not only to the gas stove, may reasonably be used in other types of operating knob 16 having a shaft with a switch 12 on the home appliances. 举例而言,本发明可直接用在电灶、洗碗机或诸如此类的家电上。 For example, the present invention can be directly used in the appliance microwave oven, dishwasher or the like.

[0041] 参考符号 [0042] 10 盖板[0043] 12 开关轴[0044] 14 火头[0045] 16 操作旋钮[0046] 18 开关机构[0047] 20 感应线圈布置[0048] 22 指示单元[0049] 24 弹簧[0050] 26 发光二极管[0051] 28 感应线圈[0052] 30 感应线圈[0053] 32 变压器[0054] 34 控制单元 [0041] Reference symbols [0042] 10 cover [0043] 12 switch shaft [0044] 14 attempting [0045] The operation knob 16 [0046] The switching mechanism 18 [0047] The induction coil 20 is disposed [0048] The instruction unit 22 [0049] 24 spring [0050] 26 LED [0051] The induction coil 28 [0052] The induction coil 30 [0053] 32 transformer [0054] 34 control unit

Claims (14)

1. 一种家用电器操作装置,其具有一开关轴(12)与一操作旋钮(16),所述开关轴贯穿一盖板(10),用于对一布置在所述盖板(10)下面或后面的开关机构(18)进行操控,所述操作旋钮插在所述开关轴(12)上,并包括至少一个指示单元02),其特征在于一感应线圈布置(20),所述感应线圈布置用于以电感方式将操作所述指示单元02)所需的电能从所述盖板(10)下方或后方的空间中传输到所述操作旋钮(16)上; 所述感应线圈布置OO)包括第一感应线圈08)和第二感应线圈(30); 所述第一感应线圈08)布置在所述盖板(10)下面,通过一变压器(3¾为所述第一感应线圈08)加载交流电流,所述变压器(3¾用一控制单元(34)控制;所述第二感应线圈(30)布置在插在所述开关轴(12)上的所述操作旋钮(16)的底面上,并整合在一包括所述指示单元0¾在内的电路中;根据在所述 An operation of the appliance device having a switching shaft (12) with an operating knob (16), the switch shaft through a cover plate (10), for an arrangement of the cover (10) under or behind the switching mechanism (18) for manipulating the operation switch knob is inserted on the shaft (12), and comprising at least one indicating unit 02), characterized in that an induction coil arrangement (20), said induction coil arrangement for inductively operating the instruction unit 02) or electrical energy required space behind the underneath transmitted from said cover plate (10) to said operation knob (16); said induction coil disposed OO ) comprises a first induction coil 08) and the second induction coil (30); the first induction coil 08) being disposed below the cap plate (10) through a transformer (3¾ said first induction coil 08) applying an alternating current, said transformer (3¾ (34) controlled by a control unit; the second induction coil (30) disposed on the switch shaft is inserted (12) of said operation knob (16) on the bottom surface and integrated in a unit including said indicating circuit including 0¾; according to the 一感应线圈08)上测得的一介质损耗角,所述控制单元(34)可推断出所述开关轴(12)上是否插有操作旋钮(16)。 An induction coil 08) measured in a dielectric loss angle, the control unit (34) inferred that the switching shaft (12) is inserted with an operation knob (16).
2.根据权利要求1所述的家用电器操作装置,其特征在于, 所述开关机构(18)设计为家用电器供气开关。 2. The operation of the appliance apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said switch means (18) designed to supply switches for household appliances.
3.根据上述权利要求中任一项权利要求所述的家用电器操作装置,其特征在于, 所述指示单元0¾包括至少一个发光二极管06)。 The home appliance control device claimed in any one of claims, wherein said indicating means comprises at least one light emitting diode 0¾ 06).
4.根据权利要求3所述的家用电器操作装置,其特征在于,所述发光二极管06)为一有机发光二极管或一高分子发光二极管。 4. The operation of the appliance apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the light emitting diode 06) is an organic light emitting diode or a polymer light-emitting diodes.
5.根据权利要求1或2所述的家用电器操作装置,其特征在于,所述指示单元02)除一非工作状态外还具有至少两个与所述感应线圈布置OO)传输过来的信号相关的不同工作状态。 The operation of the appliance or apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the instruction unit 02) in addition to a non-operating state and also has at least two said induction coils disposed over OO) of the transmission signal related to the different working conditions.
6.根据权利要求1或2所述的家用电器操作装置,其特征在于, 所述指示单元0¾包括一显示单元。 The operation of the appliance or apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said indication means comprises a display unit 0¾.
7.根据权利要求1或2所述的家用电器操作装置,其特征在于一检测器布置,所述检测器布置用于检测所述开关轴上是否插有操作旋钮(16)。 The operation of the appliance or apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that a detector arrangement, the detector is arranged for detecting whether the operation switch knob inserted shaft (16).
8.根据权利要求1或2所述的家用电器操作装置,其特征在于,所述指示单元0¾封装在所述操作旋钮(16)的一特别为透明的塑料材料内。 8. The operation of the appliance or the apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the instruction unit 0¾ a package particularly a transparent plastic material within said operating knob (16).
9.根据权利要求1或2所述的家用电器操作装置,其特征在于一以电感方式检测所述操作旋钮(16)的旋转位置的构件。 9. The operation of the appliance or the apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a detecting means of the inductively operating knob (16) rotational position.
10.根据权利要求1或2所述的家用电器操作装置,其特征在于,所述操作旋钮(16)与所述感应线圈布置OO)的布置在所述盖板(10)下面或后面的部分之间电绝缘。 10. The operation of the appliance or the apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the operating knob portion (16) and said induction coil arrangement OO) arranged in (10) under or behind the cover between electrical insulation.
11.根据权利要求1或2所述的家用电器操作装置,其特征在于,所述感应线圈布置OO)设计为可向所述指示单元02)传输至少一项信息。 11. The operation of the appliance or the apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, wherein said induction coil is arranged OO) is designed to be the indication unit 02) transmitting at least one item of information.
12.根据权利要求1或2所述的家用电器操作装置,其特征在于,所述控制单元(34)根据一家用电器的工作状态通过所述感应线圈布置OO)对所述指示单元0¾进行操控。 12. The operation of the appliance or the apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the control unit (34) through said induction coil arrangement OO an operating state of a home appliance) to manipulate the instruction unit 0¾ .
13. 一种燃气灶,其具有一根据上述权利要求中任一项权利要求所述的家用电器操作直ο A gas stove having the above-described operation of a home appliance according to claim any one of claims straight ο
14. 一种操作一家用电器操作装置的指示单元02)的方法,所述家用电器操作装置具有一开关轴(12)与一操作旋钮(16),所述开关轴贯穿一盖板(10),用于对一布置在所述盖板(10)下面或后面的开关机构(18)进行操控,所述操作旋钮插在所述开关轴(12)上,并包括至少一个指示单元02), 其特征在于,通过一感应线圈布置00)以电感方式将操作所述指示单元0¾所需的电能从所述盖板(10)下方或后方的空间中传输到所述操作旋钮(16)上;通过所述感应线圈布置OO)检测所述开关轴(12)上是否插有所述操作旋钮(16)。 14. A method of operating a home appliance unit indicating the operation of the apparatus 02), the operation of the appliance switch means having a shaft (12) with an operating knob (16), the switch shaft through a cover plate (10) , for an arrangement of the cover (10) under or behind the switching mechanism (18) for manipulating the operation switch knob is inserted on the shaft (12), and comprising at least one indicating unit 02), characterized by an induction coil arrangement 00) of the inductively operating element indicating the desired power 0¾ space below or behind the transmission from the cover plate (10) to said operation knob (16); through the induction coil arrangement OO) detecting the switching shaft (12) is plugged with said operation knob (16).
CN 200710131445 2007-08-29 2007-08-29 Household appliance operation apparatus and indication unit operation method CN101377983B (en)

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PCT/EP2008/061143 WO2009027397A2 (en) 2007-08-29 2008-08-26 Operator control for a domestic appliance and method for operating a display unit
US12/675,513 US20110146650A1 (en) 2007-08-29 2008-08-26 Operator control for a domestic appliance and method for operating a display unit
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WO2009027397A3 (en) 2010-05-06
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