CN101377031A - Yarn of blended spinning by combing cotton, spun silk and cashmere and its processing method - Google Patents

Yarn of blended spinning by combing cotton, spun silk and cashmere and its processing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101377031A
CN101377031A CNA2008101961759A CN200810196175A CN101377031A CN 101377031 A CN101377031 A CN 101377031A CN A2008101961759 A CNA2008101961759 A CN A2008101961759A CN 200810196175 A CN200810196175 A CN 200810196175A CN 101377031 A CN101377031 A CN 101377031A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
yarn
spun
cashmere
silk
percent
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CNA2008101961759A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陶文娟
陈红霞
郁广益
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JIANGYIN MAODA COTTON TEXTILE FACTORY
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JIANGYIN MAODA COTTON TEXTILE FACTORY
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Application filed by JIANGYIN MAODA COTTON TEXTILE FACTORY filed Critical JIANGYIN MAODA COTTON TEXTILE FACTORY
Priority to CNA2008101961759A priority Critical patent/CN101377031A/en
Publication of CN101377031A publication Critical patent/CN101377031A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to combed cotton, spun silk and wool blended yarn and a processing method thereof; the yarn is composed of wool, spun silk and combed cotton; the mass proportion is as follows: 10 percent to 25 percent of wool, 10 percent to 25 percent of spun silk and 35 percent to 65 percent of combed cotton; the performance indexes of the blended yarn meet the following requirements: single-yarn fracture strength: 8.0cN/tex to 16.0cN/tex, single-yarn fracture strength variation coefficient CV: less than or equal to 12.0 percent, yarn evenness variation coefficient CV: 11.0 percent to 17.5 percent; the processing method of the yarn comprises strip making, three-in-one strip combination, roving, spinning, winding and the like. The fabric spun by the yarn has a plurality of advantages of cotton fiber, silk and wool fabric, and the products are smooth to touch, thick and tough. Meanwhile, after process adjustment, the method can greatly save production cost when producing similar high-grade blended yarn on cotton spinning equipment.

Description

A kind of combed cotton, spun silk, cashmere blended yarn and processing method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of textiles, specifically is the yarn that a kind of cotton, spun silk and three kinds of textile raw material hybrid process of cashmere are made.
Background technology
Cashmere and wool are similar, are a kind of textile fibers most precious in the animal fiber, and its fineness, flexibility are good, and feel is sliding glutinous, have the laudatory title of " king in the hair ", are described as high-grade desirable dress materials at first.In addition since its elasticity with warmth retention property is good, hygroscopicity is strong, be difficult for staiing, gloss is soft, therefore can purely be spun or with other fiber blend resultant yarn, be used to knit the various senior fabric for clothes of system, fabric has feel and slides glutinous, the abundant characteristics that the body bone is arranged.But the cashmere spinning is because characteristics such as fineness, softness are generally all processed in specific woollen mill, and its processing characteristics is relatively poor.
Spun silk is the superfine product in the silk, generally processes by the silk spinning means, and its raw material adopts mulberry silk.Spun silk is a kind of good natural protein fiber, its number very high (50/2~240/2 public), fiber gloss moistens U.S., feel is soft, thin and softness, level and smooth, very strong moisture absorbing is arranged, be suitable for making light and soft senior fabric, or be processed into sewing yarn, embroidery silk etc., comfortable and easy to wear with its woven lining.
How on common cotton spinning apparatus, to process the high-grade hairs of this class of cashmere, spun silk, silk fibrid product, or between them, or they and blending product cotton, bast-fibre, be to perplex an industry difficult problem for many years all the time.Many enterprises or individual have carried out repeatedly good try in this respect, and the relevant patent or the report of document arranged, a kind of cashmere blended yarn and manufacture method thereof by Rishu Cotton Manufacturing Mill, Shanghai's invention disclosed such as Chinese patent CN1789511A, this yarn is made up of cashmere, synthetic fiber, viscose, and its mass ratio is cashmere 4~10%, synthetic fiber 25~30%, viscose 60~71%.The cashmere blended yarn manufacture method that this invention provides has solved the uneven shade bar phenomenon of cashmere in resultant yarn; Blowing, few the beating of the many combs of comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning step employing, and add the powder antistatic coating, reduced the damage of cashmere fiber and the suede that falls, and the solution cashmere twines cylinder, doffer's phenomenon easily; In spinning process, add the powder antistatic coating, solved generation static and caused rich roller, roller phenomenon; Strengthen the slubbing twist, overcome since produce in the cashmere crispation number reduces and the smooth characteristics of fiber cause the spinning process glue, rot, loose disadvantage.
Summary of the invention
The yarn and the processing method thereof that provide a kind of combed cotton, spun silk and three kinds of raw material blending of cashmere to make is provided the object of the invention.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is: a kind of blended yarn at first is provided, this yarn is made up of cashmere, spun silk and combed cotton, its mass ratio is cashmere 10~25%, spun silk 10~25%, combed cotton 35~65%, the performance indications of blended yarn satisfy single thread fracture strength 8.0-16.0cN/tex, single thread fracture strength coefficient of variation CV value≤12.0%, the requirement of strip dry uniformity variant coefficient CV value 11.0-17.5%.
The processing method that next provides a kind of described blended yarn comprises the following steps:
1, system bar: the compound yarn for preparing combing sliver, spun silk and cashmere respectively.
2, slubbing drafting: the compound yarn of single spun silk and cashmere is mixed in the bar of the 1:2 ratio of counting with the combing sliver and becomes the slubbing drafting, mix and the time cashmere and spun silk compound yarn be positioned at the centre.
3, two roads and three road draftings:, last drafting is together mixed and Cheng Erdao or three road draftings once more, so that fiber fully mixes by the mode of slubbing drafting.
4, rove: three road drafting twisting are spun into rove, and its twist is a 100-120/rice.
5, spun yarn: with rove routinely technology (revolving cup spins or the open-end spinning mode) twisting be spun into spun yarn, the supporting way of spun yarn is a tubulose.
6, winder: the tubulose spun yarn at the more enterprising yarn that is processed into of bobbin winder, is convenient to warping, is weaved.
In above-mentioned processing method, should note following aspect:
1, in the mixed cotton step, do not use automatic plucker;
2, opener adopts kirschner beater in the opener step, and this kirschner beater speed is 500-600 rev/min, and single beater scutcher adopts kirschner beater, and this kirschner beater speed is 700-900 rev/min;
3, the cylinder speed of carding machine is arranged to 270-350 rev/min in the comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning step, licker-in speed 700-800 rev/min, cylinder between cover plate 5 space and be respectively 0.30mm, 0.28mm, 0.28mm, 0.28mm and 0.30mm from import to outlet;
4, drawing frame adopts three road drawing frames in the drafting step, and each road drawing frame all adopts the feeding of 3-4 one thread and 5 times of drawing-offs.
Compared with prior art, the blended yarn that employing combed cotton of the present invention, silk flock and cashmere fiber are spun into, its physical property can satisfy its general requirement as mechanism or knitting material, with its lining that is made into have concurrently cotton fiber, silk, cashmere sucting wet air permeability, flexibility, light weight, warmth retention property and good hygroscopicity, be difficult for to stain, the gloss profit is beautiful, feel is soft, the thin and plurality of advantages of flexible smooth, sliding glutinous, the abundant body bone that has of product feel.Simultaneously, through the technology adjustment, the present invention carries out the production of similar high-grade hairs blended yarn on cotton spinning apparatus, can reduce production costs greatly.
The specific embodiment
Below for producing the embodiment of 45Ne combed cotton/spun silk of the present invention/cashmere blended yarn.
Adopting commercial Xinjiang Long staple cotton is raw material, makes the combing sliver by following technology: blowing → comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning → in advance also → silver lap → combing → combing sliver.
Choose commercial silk flock and cashmere fiber, 40% and 60% scheme is carried out the manual mixed cotton by mass percentage, and make the compound yarn of spun silk and cashmere again by following technology: mixed cotton → card wire cylinder opener → hopper is given cotton → singles' hand rolling → comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning → silk flock and cashmere fiber mixing yarn automatically.
The above-mentioned combing sliver that makes and silk flock and cashmere fiber mixed the radical ratio of yarn with 1:1, mix road also → two by slubbing and mix also → three that the road mixes also → technological process of the rove → spun yarn → winder production of spinning, finally make the described blended yarn of present embodiment, its twist is controlled at 280-300/rice.
Be carrying out smoothly and yarn quality of guaranteeing to produce, the described technology of present embodiment should satisfy following requirement:
1, cotton fiber, silk flock and cashmere fiber blending weight ratio are 50:20:30;
2, except that the technological requirement of routine, present embodiment also should accomplish in process of production following some:
(1) omits the automatic plucker operation;
(2) opener adopts kirschner beater in the opener step, and this kirschner beater speed is 500-600 rev/min, and single beater scutcher adopts kirschner beater, and this kirschner beater speed is 700-900 rev/min;
(3) cylinder speed of carding machine is arranged to 270-350 rev/min in the comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning step, licker-in speed 700-800 rev/min, cylinder between cover plate 5 space and be respectively 0.30mm, 0.28mm, 0.28mm, 0.28mm and 0.30mm from import to outlet;
(4) drawing frame adopts three road drawing frames in the drafting step, and each road drawing frame all adopts the feeding of 3-4 one thread and 5 times of drawing-offs.
The blended yarn of present embodiment production has good spinning yarn quality and weaving performance, can be used to weave high-grade weaving face fabric, is used to make underwear, clothes, bedding etc., and added value of product is higher.

Claims (2)

1, a kind of combed cotton, spun silk, cashmere blended yarn and processing method thereof is characterized in that: this yarn is made up of cashmere, spun silk and combed cotton; Its mass ratio is cashmere 10~25%, spun silk 10~25%, combed cotton 35~65%; The performance indications of blended yarn satisfy the requirement of single thread fracture strength 8.0-16.0cN/tex, single thread fracture strength coefficient of variation CV value≤12.0%, strip dry uniformity variant coefficient CV value 11.0-17.5%; The processing method of described yarn comprises steps such as making bar, three road draftings, rove, spun yarn, winder respectively.
2, blended yarn according to claim 1 and processing method thereof is characterized in that described processing method may further comprise the steps:
1. make bar: the compound yarn for preparing combing sliver, spun silk and cashmere respectively;
2. slubbing drafting: single spun silk is mixed in the bar of the 1:2 ratio of counting with the combing sliver with the compound yarn of cashmere and becomes the slubbing drafting, mix and the time cashmere and spun silk compound yarn be positioned at the centre;
3. two roads and three road draftings:, last drafting is together mixed and Cheng Erdao or three road draftings once more, so that fiber fully mixes by the mode of slubbing drafting;
4. rove: three road draftings twisting are spun into rove, and its twist is a 100-120/rice;
5. spun yarn: with rove routinely technology (revolving cup spins or the open-end spinning mode) twisting be spun into spun yarn, the supporting way of spun yarn is a tubulose;
6. winder: the tubulose spun yarn at the more enterprising yarn that is processed into of bobbin winder, is convenient to warping, is weaved.
CNA2008101961759A 2008-09-17 2008-09-17 Yarn of blended spinning by combing cotton, spun silk and cashmere and its processing method Pending CN101377031A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CNA2008101961759A CN101377031A (en) 2008-09-17 2008-09-17 Yarn of blended spinning by combing cotton, spun silk and cashmere and its processing method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008101961759A CN101377031A (en) 2008-09-17 2008-09-17 Yarn of blended spinning by combing cotton, spun silk and cashmere and its processing method

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102733023A (en) * 2011-03-31 2012-10-17 上海水星家用纺织品股份有限公司 Preparation method for and application of naturally antibiotic and antistatic yarn
CN103355792A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-10-23 吴江市欧冠纺织有限公司 Thick silk plus material
CN103820907A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-05-28 南通华强布业有限公司 Spun silk and cotton blending siro-spinning production method
CN103820906A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-05-28 山东宏业纺织股份有限公司 Ring-spinning cashmere wool/spun silk blending high-count yarn and production method thereof
CN103849964A (en) * 2012-11-29 2014-06-11 宁波双盾纺织帆布实业有限公司 Cotton/cashmere fiber process
CN104480597A (en) * 2014-12-23 2015-04-01 谱拉歌世服饰有限公司 Blended yarn
CN106222825A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-14 桐乡市易德纺织有限公司 A kind of production technology of silk floss cashmere Semi-worsted yarn
CN106917173A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-07-04 南通双弘纺织有限公司 The production method of Wool/Silk/silk/cotton blended yarn
CN107313143A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-11-03 如皋长江科技产业有限公司 A kind of Yarn spinning method of scribbled
CN107338534A (en) * 2016-10-18 2017-11-10 桐乡守敬应用技术研究院有限公司 Tossa scribbled
CN109667009A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-23 桐乡市奥昇纺织有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the scribbled of cashmere and mulberry silk

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102733023A (en) * 2011-03-31 2012-10-17 上海水星家用纺织品股份有限公司 Preparation method for and application of naturally antibiotic and antistatic yarn
CN103849964A (en) * 2012-11-29 2014-06-11 宁波双盾纺织帆布实业有限公司 Cotton/cashmere fiber process
CN103355792A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-10-23 吴江市欧冠纺织有限公司 Thick silk plus material
CN103820907A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-05-28 南通华强布业有限公司 Spun silk and cotton blending siro-spinning production method
CN103820906A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-05-28 山东宏业纺织股份有限公司 Ring-spinning cashmere wool/spun silk blending high-count yarn and production method thereof
CN103820906B (en) * 2014-03-20 2016-03-16 山东宏业纺织股份有限公司 Ring-spun cashmere/silk blending high-count yarn and production method thereof
CN103820907B (en) * 2014-03-20 2016-01-20 南通华强布业有限公司 Spun silk cotton blending Siro-spun yarn production method
CN104480597A (en) * 2014-12-23 2015-04-01 谱拉歌世服饰有限公司 Blended yarn
CN106222825A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-14 桐乡市易德纺织有限公司 A kind of production technology of silk floss cashmere Semi-worsted yarn
CN107313143A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-11-03 如皋长江科技产业有限公司 A kind of Yarn spinning method of scribbled
CN107338534A (en) * 2016-10-18 2017-11-10 桐乡守敬应用技术研究院有限公司 Tossa scribbled
CN106917173A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-07-04 南通双弘纺织有限公司 The production method of Wool/Silk/silk/cotton blended yarn
CN109667009A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-23 桐乡市奥昇纺织有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the scribbled of cashmere and mulberry silk

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Open date: 20090304