CN101371236A - Terminal and method for performing device management scheduled based on threshold - Google Patents

Terminal and method for performing device management scheduled based on threshold Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101371236A
CN101371236A CN 200780002882 CN200780002882A CN101371236A CN 101371236 A CN101371236 A CN 101371236A CN 200780002882 CN200780002882 CN 200780002882 CN 200780002882 A CN200780002882 A CN 200780002882A CN 101371236 A CN101371236 A CN 101371236A
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value
terminal
predetermined
threshold value
element
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CN 200780002882
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101371236B (en
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帕布罗·赫尔南德兹
金兑炫
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Lg电子株式会社
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Priority to US60/760,942 priority
Priority to US76251706P priority
Priority to US60/762,517 priority
Priority to KR10-2006-0043155 priority
Priority to KR20060043155 priority
Priority to KR1020070005822A priority patent/KR101342370B1/en
Priority to KR10-2007-0005822 priority
Application filed by Lg电子株式会社 filed Critical Lg电子株式会社
Priority to PCT/KR2007/000379 priority patent/WO2007083973A1/en
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Abstract

Commands for device management to be executed within a terminal and threshold-based conditions for executing such commands included within a scheduling context are provided to the terminal ahead of time. Therefore, the terminal can perform the commands for device management, before errors occurs within the terminal since a value of a particular management object reaches the threshold.

Description

用于执行基于门限值调度的设备管理的终端和方法技术领域 And a terminal for performing management TECHNICAL FIELD threshold based scheduling

本发明涉及用于执行基于其门限值调度的设备管理的终端和方法。 The present invention relates to a terminal and method for performing device management based on the schedule of its threshold. 背景技术 Background technique

通常,设备管理(DM)技术涉及向设备管理(DM)服务器(或其他网络实体)显示(或指示)作为在设备管理(DM)树(或者其他类型的层次结构,或者用于设备管理的逻辑格式)上存在的作为管理对象的设备管理(DM)客户端(即,终端或其他用户设备)资源,允许访问这些资源,并且使所述DM服务器容易管理所述终端。 Typically, a device management (DM) technique relates to a display (or indication) as (DM) tree (or other types of hierarchy, or a logic device for the management device to manage the device management (DM) server (or other network entity) format) device management (DM) as the management object exists on the client (i.e., terminal or other user equipment) resources, allowing access to these resources, and the DM server manages the terminal easily.

在这种DM技术中,DM服务器可以指示终端执行设备管理命令, 而正被管理的终端在立即执行相应的命令之后可以向所述DM服务器报告其结果。 In this technique DM, the DM server may instruct the terminal to execute the device management command, being managed terminal may report the result to the DM server after performing the corresponding command immediately. 并且,所述DM服务器可以请求所述终端改变、更新、删除或者以其它方式处理用于设备管理的特定功能。 Then, the DM server may request the terminal to change, update, delete, or otherwise treated for the particular device management functions.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的一个方面是本发明的发明人认识到现有技术的DM技术的下述缺点。 One aspect of the invention is the inventors recognized the disadvantage of the prior art DM technique. 即,在现有技术中,只有当特定管理对象的值超过门限值接着在终端中会产生错误或者故障时,终端才可以向DM服务器请求DM 命令。 That is, in the prior art, only when the value exceeds a certain threshold value management object then generates an error or failure in the terminal, the terminal can request the DM command to the DM server. 因此,现有技术的终端的诊断过程可能更加昂贵,并且不能有效解决诊断问题,因为在这种问题发生之前不能预见到或者发现这种问题。 Thus, the prior art diagnostic process of the terminal may be more expensive, and can not effectively solve the problem of diagnosis, since before this problem can not be foreseen or to discover such problems.

因此,为了克服上述缺点,本发明提供一种终端,该终端从服务器接收包括基于门限值调度的设备管理的调度上下文(scheduling context), 并根据所述门限值执行设备管理过程。 Accordingly, in order to overcome the above drawbacks, the present invention provides a terminal, the terminal receives and processes the threshold value comprises performing device management device management scheduling context based threshold scheduling (scheduling context), from the server according to.

另外,本发明提供一种服务器,该服务器生成包括基于门限值调度的设备管理的调度上下文(或者其他类型的调度信息),以使终端可以执 Further, the present invention provides a server that generates a scheduling context including the device management schedule threshold (or other type of scheduling information) based on, so that the terminal can be executed

行更有效的调度。 Line more efficient scheduling. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1示出了根据本发明的服务器和终端的示例性概念结构。 FIG 1 shows an exemplary conceptual configuration server and a terminal according to the present invention.

图2示出了根据本发明的作为示例性的设备管理树结构的调度上下文。 FIG 2 shows an exemplary scheduling context of device management tree structure according to the present invention.

图3示出了根据本发明的作为另一示例性的设备管理树结构的调度上下文。 Figure 3 shows a further example of the device management scheduling context tree structure according to the invention.

图4示出了根据本发明的调度上下文载入过程的示例性流程图。 FIG 4 illustrates an exemplary flowchart of the scheduling context of the invention the loading process.

图5示出了根据本发明的用于执行设备管理调度的示例性方法的流程图。 FIG. 5 shows a flow diagram for an exemplary method of the present invention, the device management scheduling performed in accordance with.

图6示出了用于执行基于门限值的设备管理调度过程的示例性方法。 FIG 6 illustrates an exemplary method for performing device management scheduling process based on the threshold value. 图7示出了用于执行基于陷获(trap)的设备管理调度过程的另一示例性方法。 FIG 7 illustrates another exemplary method for performing a trapping based (Trap) device management scheduling process.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

本发明提供一种终端,该终端具有:第一模块(或者其他硬件、软件或其组合),其对所述终端中的规定管理对象的值进行采样并且将采样的值与规定的门限值相比较;和第二模块(或者其他硬件、软件或其组合),其在所述第一模块确定的管理对象的采样的值已经达到所述门限值时,针对所述管理对象执行设备管理命令。 The present invention provides a terminal, the terminal comprising: a first module (or other hardware, software, or a combination thereof), which sampled values ​​of a predetermined management object in the terminal and the sampled value with a predetermined threshold value compared; and when the second module (or other hardware, software, or a combination thereof), which is the value of the first sampling module management object has reached the determined threshold value, for the implementation of the management target device manage command.

本发明还提供一种终端,该终端具有:第一模块(或者其他硬件、 软件或其组合),其从服务器接收至少一个或者多个调度上下文,并且载入所述至少一个或者多个调度上下文,其中每一个调度上下文包括命令和执行所述命令的基于门限值的条件;第二模块(或者其他硬件、软件或其组合),其对所述终端中的规定管理对象的值进行采样并且将采样的值与规定的门限值相比较;和第三模块(或者其他硬件、软件或其组合), 其在所述第一模块确定的所述管理对象的采样的值已经达到所述门限值时,针对所述管理对象执行设备管理命令。 The present invention further provides a terminal, the terminal comprising: a first module (or other hardware, software, or a combination thereof), which receives at least one or more scheduling context from the server, and loading the at least one or more scheduling context wherein each scheduling command includes a context and a threshold condition is performed based on said command; and a second module (or other hardware, software, or a combination thereof), which sampled values ​​of a predetermined management object in the terminal and the sampled value with a predetermined threshold value comparison; and a third module (or other hardware, software, or a combination thereof), the sampled value of the management object which is determined in the first module has reached the door limit, perform device management command for the managed object. 本发明还提供一种服务器,该服务器包括DM调度激活器,该DM 调度激活器生成至少一个或者多个调度上下文并且请求将所述至少一个或者多个调度上下文载入到终端,使得所述终端可以根据所述至少一个或者多个调度上下文执行设备管理,其中每一个调度上下文包括命令和执行所述命令的基于门限值的条件。 The present invention also provides a server, which comprises a DM scheduling is activated, the DM scheduling activation generates at least one or more scheduling context and requesting the at least one or more scheduling context to the terminal, so that the terminal It may be based on threshold criteria or more scheduling execution context management apparatus, wherein each scheduling command includes a context and to execute the command according to at least one.

本发明还提供一种用于管理设备的方法,该方法包括:对规定管理 The present invention also provides a method for managing device, the method comprising: a predetermined management

对象的值进行采样;将采样的值与规定的门限值相比较;和在确定所述管理对象的值己经达到所述门限值时,针对所述管理对象执行设备管理命令。 Sampling the value of the object; the sampled value with a predetermined threshold value comparing; and when determining the value of the management object has reached the threshold value for managing the execution of the device management command.

在下文中,将参考附图更加详细地描述本发明的示例性实施方式。 Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings exemplary embodiment of the present invention is described in more detail in. 可以清楚地理解,这些实施方式只是示例性的,并不意味着对本发明的限制。 It can be clearly understood that these embodiments are merely illustrative and are not meant to limit the present invention.

图1示出了根据本发明的服务器(即,DM服务器)和终端(即, DM客户端)的示例性概念结构,而图2示出了作为示例性设备管理树结构的调度上下文。 FIG 1 shows (i.e., the DM server) and a terminal (i.e., the DM client) is an exemplary conceptual configuration server according to the present invention, and FIG. 2 shows the scheduling context as an exemplary device management tree structure. 并且,图3示出了作为另一示例性设备管理树结构的调度上下文。 And, FIG. 3 shows another exemplary scheduling context as a device management tree structure.

与对图1的解释一起,也将解释图2和3。 And together with the explanation of FIG. 1, it will be explained in FIGS. 2 and 3.

图1示出了根据本发明的示例性的DM服务器(100)和终端(100)。 Figure 1 illustrates an exemplary of the present invention, a DM server (100) and the terminal (100). (1) DM服务器的特征 Wherein (1) DM server

DM服务器(100)可以包括DM调度激活器(110)或者其他类似的硬件、软件或其组合。 DM server (100) may include a DM scheduling enabler (110), or other similar hardware, software, or a combination thereof.

DM调度激活器(110)可以包括调度上下文管理模块(111)和状态报告处理模块(112)和/或其他类型的类似硬件、软件或其任何组合。 DM scheduling enabler (110) may comprise and / or other similar types of hardware, software, or any combination of scheduling context management module (111) and the status report processing module (112) and.

调度上下文管理模块(111)可以具有生成调度上下文并请求终端(200)载入和执行该调度上下文的单元(即,部分、组件等或其组合)。 Scheduling context management module (111) may have a context and generates the scheduling request from the terminal (200) of the loading and execution unit scheduling context (i.e., parts, components, etc. or combinations thereof).

更具体地说,调度上下文管理模块(111)根据相关的标准(例如DM标准)创建设备管理(DM)会话(或者一些其他类型的通信项目或过程),然后可以请求终端(200)通过创建的DM会话载入所述调度上下文。 More specifically, the scheduling context management module (111) create a device management (DM) session (or some other type of communication items or processes) in accordance with the relevant standards (e.g., DM standard), then the terminal may request (200) by creating Loading the DM scheduling context session.

所述调度上下文可以包括如图2所示的通用信息和一个或者多个调度组件。 The scheduling context may include general information and one or more scheduling component shown in Fig. 还可以包括附加和/或替代类型的信息、参数等。 It may also include additional and / or alternative types of information, parameters and the like. 在此,所述通用信息可以包括下述信息中的一种或者多种:调度上下文的标识符要素、 名称要素、对应服务器要素和有效期要素。 Here, the general information may include one or more of the following information: scheduling context identifier for the feature, the name of the feature, and the validity of the corresponding elements of the server elements. 所述调度组件可以包括下述信息中的一种或者多种:指定DM命令的任务要素,和指定执行所述DM The scheduling component may include one or more of the following information: designated task elements DM command, and executes the designated DM

命令的条件(即,原因、因素、参数等)的条件要素。 Conditions (ie, reasons, factors, parameters, etc.) of the conditions of the order elements. 然而,应当注意, 要素不仅限于上面列出的这些,而是可以使用不同的其他要素或者只使用列出的要素中的一些。 However, it should be noted, is not limited to these elements listed above, but you can use different other elements or only some of the elements listed.

在此,设备管理命令可以包括在消息中。 Here, the device management command may be included in the message. 换句话说,消息可以包括至少一个或者多个设备管理命令。 In other words, the message may include at least one or more device management commands. 如果使用消息,则所述任务要素指定消息。 If a message, then the message specified task element. 并且,上述的条件可以是基于定时器的、基于陷获的或者基于门限值的。 Further, the above-described condition may be a timer-based, or based on trapping threshold. 也可以使用其他条件基础或者替换条件基础。 Other conditions may be used or alternatively basic conditions foundation.

同时,在所述调度上下文中可以存在一个或者多个调度组件,这些调度组件彼此之间可以具有绑定的逻辑关系。 Meanwhile, there may be one or more scheduling components in the scheduling context, it may have a logical relationship between the binding of each other scheduling component. 即,所述调度组件可以互联。 That is, the scheduling component may be interconnected. 例如,该互联可以指,模块(或者其他实体)在如果满足第一调度的条件则执行第一调度组件的命令时,终止第二调度组件的命令。 For example, the network may refer to a module (or other entity) the first condition when the first schedule component scheduled command is executed, if satisfied, terminating the second command schedule component. 对于基于门限值的调度这特别有用,由此可以根据特定的门限值以交替方式分别执行一个或者多个组件。 This is particularly useful for the threshold-based scheduling, whereby each perform an alternating manner one or more components according to a specific threshold.

该互联的概念可以应用于所述调度上下文。 The concept may be applied to the network scheduling context. 即,如果开始至少一个或者多个调度上下文中的第一调度上下文,则停止所述至少一个或者多个调度上下文中的第二调度上下文。 That is, if the start of the first scheduling context of at least one or more scheduling context is stopped or at least a plurality of second scheduling context in the scheduling context.

如果需要,可以用调度上下文管理模块(111)修改(即,纠正、改 If necessary, (111) with a modified scheduling context managing module (i.e., to correct, change

变、更改等)调度上下文,或者可以向终端(200)请求该修改。 Change, change etc.) scheduling context, or may modify the request to the terminal (200). 另外, 调度上下文管理模块(111)可以请求终端(200)删除已载入的调度上下文。 Further, the scheduling context management module (111) may request the terminal (200) to delete the loaded scheduling context.

另外,当在终端(200)中载入或者重新载入的调度上下文变化时或者当发生错误时或者如果调度上下文状态变化,调度上下文管理模块(111)可以从终端(200)接收消息(或者其他指示)并且执行其适当的处理。 Further, if the scheduling context or state changes, scheduling context management module (111) may receive a message from the terminal (200) when loading the terminal (200) or reloaded context change scheduling or when an error occurs (or other indication) and performs appropriate processing thereof.

上面已经描述了所述任务要素和所述条件要素包括在所述调度组件中。 Elements have been described above and the conditions of the elements included in the task schedule component. 但是,应当注意,这些要素可以直接包括在所述调度上下文中,如 However, it should be noted that these elements may include direct in the scheduling context, such as

图3所示。 3 shown in FIG.

(2)终端的特征 Characterized in (2) of the terminal

终端(200)可以包括DM调度激活器(210)和DM激活器(220)。 Terminal (200) may include a DM scheduling enabler (210) and DM enabler (220). 在此,可以理解,也可以使用其他类似的硬件、软件或其任何组合。 Here, it is understood, may also be used other similar hardware, software, or any combination thereof.

DM调度激活器(210)可以包括调度上下文载入模块(211)、条件匹配模块(212)、 DM命令执行模块(213)和状态报告模块(214)。 DM scheduling enabler (210) may comprise a scheduling context module (211), the condition matching module (212), DM command executing module (213) and a status reporting module (214). 在此,可以理解,也可以使用其他类似的硬件、软件或其任何组合。 Here, it is understood, may also be used other similar hardware, software, or any combination thereof.

调度上下文载入模块(211)是可以从服务器(110)(即,DM调度激活器(110))接收调度上下文载入请求并且执行其适当处理的单元(即, 部分、组件等或其组合)。 Scheduling context module (211) is available from the server (110) (i.e., the DM scheduling enabler (110)) received scheduling context request and perform its appropriate processing unit (i.e., parts, components, or combinations thereof, etc.) . 在此,可以通过DM激活器(220)接收调度上下文,然后可以将该调度上下文传递给调度上下文载入模块(211)。 Here, the received DM scheduling context by activating (220), then the scheduling context to a scheduling context module (211). 调度上下文载入模块(211)使用所述调度上下文,来在终端(200)中使用的设备管理(DM)树(或者其他类型的层次结构或逻辑格式)中生成一个或者多个节点(或者其他类型的层次点)。 Scheduling context module (211) using the scheduling context, a device management (DM) tree (or other type of hierarchy or logical format) used in the terminal (200) generates one or more nodes (or other type hierarchy point). 在此,DM树可以由通用信息节点和一个或者多个调度组件(调度的设备管理)形成。 Here, DM tree may be formed by a general purpose or a plurality of information nodes and scheduling component (scheduled device management).

参考图2,更详细地解释DM树(即,调度上下文载入格式)。 2, explained in more detail in the DM tree (i.e., scheduling context format).

图2示出了示例性的DM树。 FIG 2 illustrates an example of the DM tree. 更具体地说,通用信息节点(如图2 所示)可以包括Id节点、名称节点、有效节点和服务器节点,Id节点表示载入的调度上下文的标识符,名称节点表示调度上下文的名称,有效节点表示调度上下文的有效期,服务器节点表示调度上下文的所有者。 More specifically, general information node (FIG. 2) may include an Id node names of nodes, the nodes and the server node, the node Id represents loaded scheduling context identifier, the node name indicates the name of the scheduling context, effective nodes represent the scheduling context is valid, the server node represents the owner of the scheduling context. 可以清楚地理解,这些节点的名称和类型只是示例性的。 It can be clearly understood that the names and types of these nodes are merely exemplary.

调度组件可以包括以下节点中的一个或者多个:表示DM命令的任务节点,和指定执行DM命令的条件(或者环境)的条件节点。 Scheduling component may include one or more of the following nodes: indicates the task node DM command, the DM command and the condition designating execution (or environment) under Node. 显然, 也可以使用其他类型的附加或者替代节点。 Obviously, also other types of additional or substitute node.

在此,DM命令包括在消息中。 Here, DM command included in the message. 因此,任务节点可以指定包括DM 命令的消息。 Thus, the task node may include a specified message DM command. 并且,如上所述,所述条件可以是基于门限值的。 Further, as described above, the condition may be based on the threshold. 因此, 所述条件节点包括规定基于门限值的条件的Th节点。 Thus, the node condition includes node based on a predetermined condition threshold Th is. 如图2所示,Th节点包括下述节点中的至少一个:地址节点,其规定管理对象的地址;时间间隔节点,其规定监测管理对象的值的时间间隔;门限值节点,其规定门限值;门限值格式节点,其规定门限值的格式是布尔型、字符型、整型、浮点型、日期型还是时间型;门限值类型节点,其规定门限值的类型是绝对值还是增量值;方向节点,其规定门限值是上升、下降还是静态;和滞后节点,其规定门限值的裕量。 As shown, Th 2 comprises at least one node in the node: a node address, the address of which is specified managed objects; node a time interval which value is a predetermined time interval to monitor the management object; threshold node, which specifies the door limit; threshold format node to specify the threshold format is Boolean, character, integer, float, date, time or type; threshold node type, type its provisions threshold is absolute or incremental; direction node, which predetermined threshold is increased, decreased or static; and lag node, which predetermined threshold margin.

另外,所述地址节点可以包括下述节点中的至少一个:URI节点, 其规定管理对象的统一资源标识符(URI); MOI节点,其规定管理对象标识符(MOI);和MOI过滤节点,其规定因在使用MOI节点时具有相同MOI的管理对象的共存而用于将规定的管理对象和其他管理对象区分开的附加信息。 Further, the node address may comprise at least one of the following nodes: URI node, a uniform resource identifier which predetermined management object (the URI); MOI node, which specifies the management object identifier (MOI); filtered and MOI node, by having separate provisions thereof coexistence management object in the same MOI MOI node using a predetermined management object for managing other objects and additional information area.

如果没有MOI节点,则URI节点可以规定完整的地址。 Without MOI node, the node URI can specify a complete address. 然而,如果有MOI节点,则URI节点可以相对于管理对象的根规定相对地址。 However, if there MOI node, with respect to the root node URI predetermined relative address the management object.

具体来说,MOI过滤节点包括URI节点、值节点和格式节点中的至 Specifically, the node comprising an MOI of filtration to the node URI, and the node value Format node

少一个。 missing one.

包括在MOI过滤节点中的URI节点规定了规定管理对象的相对于管理对象的根的统一资源标识符(URI)。 MOI comprising a filter node URI node provides predetermined management object relative to the root of the management object of a uniform resource identifier (URI).

对于存在一个以上具有相同管理对象标识符(MOI)的管理对象的情况,为了将规定管理对象和其他管理对象区分开,包括在MOI过滤节点中的值节点规定了要与由MOI过滤节点的URI节点指示的规定管理对象的值相比较的值。 For the same situation exists with more than one management object identifier (MOI) of managed objects, in order to separate the management object and a predetermined region other management objects, comprising a filter at an MOI value of the node node to the URI specified by the filter node MOI predetermined value management object node indicated by comparing phase values. 如果存在包括在MOI过滤节点中的URI节点,则可以将所述值节点中的值与URI的值相比较。 If there is a node included in the URI MOI filtering node, then the value may be the value of the node is compared with the value of the URI. 然而,如果没有包括在MOI 过滤节点中的URI节点,则可以将值节点中的值与管理对象的根名称进行比较。 However, if the node is not included in the URI MOI filter node, can be managed with the root object name value value of the node is compared.

包括在MOI过滤节点中的格式节点规定了值节点中的值的格式。 MOI comprising a filter node value Format Node predetermined format value node. 可能的值是64进制型、二进制型、布尔型、整型、xml、日期型、时间型或者浮点型。 Possible values ​​are 64 binary type, binary, boolean, integer, xml, date type, time type or floating point type. 如果没有格式节点,则可以认为值节点的格式为字符型。 If no format node, the node can be considered the value of the format for the character.

在此,门限值节点规定门限值,并且门限值节点的值是数字文本字符串,表示门限值的各种格式。 Here, the threshold value predetermined threshold node, and the node value of the threshold value is a digital text string represents a threshold value in various formats. 通过门限值格式节点确定门限值的实际格式。 Determining the actual format of the threshold by the threshold Format node. 将选择的管理对象的采样统计值与门限值节点的值相比较。 Sample statistics of the selected managed objects compared with the threshold value node. 但是, 如果当前采样的值是第一个值(例如,重上电之后调度操作刚刚开始), 并且如果没有先前的采样,则不将最末的采样计算在内。 However, if the current sample value of a first value (e.g., re-scheduling after power-on operation has just started), and if no previous sampling, the sample calculation is not the last account. 当该门限值是上升门限值时,如果当前采样的值大于或者等于该门限值,并且如果最末采样小于该门限值,则出现一次条件匹配。 When the threshold value is increased when the threshold value, if the current sampled value greater than or equal to the threshold value, and if the last sample is less than the threshold value, a condition matching occurs. 当该门限值是下降门限值时,则在相反方向上出现条件匹配。 When the threshold value is decreased when the threshold value, the matching condition occurs in the opposite direction. 当该门限值被设置成静态门限值时, 如果当前采样值等于该门限值而与交叉无关,并且如果最末的采样不等于该门限值,则出现一次条件匹配事件。 When the threshold is set to a static threshold value, if the current sample value is equal to the threshold value regardless of the cross, and if the last sampling does not equal the threshold value, a condition matching the event occurs. 但是,只要釆样值等于该门限值,条件的逻辑状态就为真。 However, as long as samples preclude equal to the threshold value, the logic state condition will be true. 如果规定了滞后,在发生门限值交叉事件之后,直到采样值相对于该门限值下降得低于或者升高到高于滞后规定的裕量时才会发生另一条件匹配。 Another condition occurs only if a predetermined hysteresis match, after a threshold crossing event occurs, until the sampled value with respect to the threshold value falls below or above the margin is increased to a predetermined hysteresis.

门限值格式节点规定门限值和滞后的实际格式。 Threshold format node format prescribed threshold value and the actual lag. 门限值格式节点的可能的值为布尔型、字符型、整型、日期型、时间型或者浮点型。 Format Node threshold values ​​may be boolean, character, integer, date, time, type or float.

门限值类型节点规定门限值类型。 Threshold type prescribed threshold value node type. 门限值类型节点的可能的值为绝对值或者增量值。 Possible absolute values ​​or incremental values ​​of the threshold type node. 如果该值为绝对值,则将管理对象的采样值直接与门限值进行比较。 If the absolute values, the sampling value will be managed object directly compared with a threshold value. 如果该值为增量值,则从当前采样值减去最后采样的采样值,然后将所得差值与门限值进行比较。 If the value is incremental value, is subtracted from the current sample value sampled value of the last sample, then comparing the resulting difference with a threshold value.

方向节点规定当发生门限值交叉事件时的值变化行为。 When the value of the specified node direction change behavior when a threshold crossing event occurs. 可能的值为上升、下降或者静态。 Possible values ​​are rising, falling or static. 静态门限值表示,当采样值等于门限值时而与交叉方向无关,都出现条件匹配。 Static threshold, said threshold value when the sampling value is equal to the cross direction sometimes independent, matching conditions appear.

滞后节点规定滞后的值。 Lag lag node specified value. 滞后节点的值是表示滞后值各种格式的文本字符串。 The lag is the lag node values ​​of various formats text string. 通过门限值格式节点确定滞后值的实际格式。 Lag value is determined by the actual format Format Node threshold. 使用滞后,防止了在采样值因噪声而在门限值附近波动时发生过多的门限值交叉事件。 Use lag, prevent the occurrence of excessive noise due to fluctuations in the vicinity of the threshold value in the sampling threshold crossing event. 例如,在上升门限值的情况中, 一旦执行了命令,就不能再执行该命令,除非采样值相对于门限值低出滞后节点规定的裕量。 For example, in the case of rising threshold, upon execution of the command, the command is no longer performed, sample values ​​unless the threshold value with respect to low hysteresis margin to a predetermined node.

其中,上面描述了任务节点和条件节点包括在调度组件中。 Wherein the above-described conditions and the task node comprises scheduling node assembly. 但是, but,

应当注意,这些要素可以直接包含在调度上下文中,如图3所示。 It should be noted that these elements may be included directly in the scheduling context, as shown in FIG.

在根据DM服务器(100)的指令载入调度上下文之前,如果必要, 调度上下文载入模块(211)可以选择性地检查调度上下文的有效性(或 Prior to loading the DM server according to the scheduling context (100) of the instruction, if necessary, scheduling context module (211) may selectively check the validity of the scheduling context (or

者权限)。 Privileges).

条件匹配模块(212)是这样的单元(即,部分、组件等或其组合), Condition matching module (212) is a unit (i.e., parts, components, etc. or combinations thereof),

即,其用于监测或者检查在调度组件中是否发生用于执行的基于门限值 I.e., for monitoring or checking whether there for execution threshold value based on the scheduling component

的条件的匹配。 Matching conditions. 基于门限值的条件指定终端(200)内的特定管理对象的值是否达到预先设置的门限值。 Value of a particular management object specified terminal (200) based on the threshold condition has reached a preset threshold value. 据此,条件匹配模块(212)监测(或者检査)特定管理对象的值,将该值与门限值进行比较,并且当达到门限值时,可以请求DM命令执行模块(213)执行对应于条件的DM命令。 Accordingly, the value of a particular management object condition matching module (212) to monitor (or check), this value is compared with a threshold value, and when reaching the threshold value, the DM command executing module can request (213) performs the corresponding DM command to the conditions.

在执行上述过程的条件匹配模块(212)中,存在一个或者多个调度组件(即,已经调度的设备管理功能或者过程),并且如果各调度组件包含针对同一特定管理实体的用于执行基于门限值的过程的条件,则可以针对该特定管理实体而将这些用于执行基于门限值的过程的条件互联, 并且还可以监测这些条件。 In the condition matching module (212) performing the above process, the presence of one or more scheduling component (i.e., has been scheduled device management functions or processes), and if each of scheduling component comprising performed based on the same door used for a particular management entity process conditions limit, can be used to perform these conditions based on the network during the threshold for that particular managed entity, and these conditions may also be monitored.

例如,假设在调度上下文中分别有第一调度组件(即,己调度的设备管理)和第二调度组件(即,已调度的设备管理)。 For example, assuming a first schedule component respectively (i.e., already scheduled device management) and schedule a second component (i.e., the scheduled device management) in the scheduling context. 并且,假设第一调度组件包括第一DM命令和针对特定管理实体的用于执行基于第一门限值的过程的条件,第二调度组件包括第二DM命令和针对同一特定管理实体的用于执行基于第二门限值的过程的条件。 And, assume that the first assembly comprises a first schedule for a DM command and a specific management entity for performing a process based on the condition of the first threshold value, the second assembly comprising a second schedule for a DM command and a management entity for the same particular based on the execution conditions of the process of the second threshold. 如果这样,则当该特定管理实体的值满足用于执行基于第一门限值的过程的条件时,条件匹配模块(212)请求DM命令执行模块(213)执行第一DM命令。 If so, then when the value of the particular management entity satisfies the condition for performing the process based on a first threshold value, the condition matching module (212) requests the DM command executing module (213) performs a first DM command. 而当该特定管理实体的值满足用于执行基于第二门限值的过程的条件时,条件匹配模块(212)请求DM命令执行模块(213)执行第二DM命令。 When the value of the particular management entity satisfies the condition for performing the process based on the second threshold value, the condition matching module (212) requests the DM command executing module (213) performs a second DM command.

DM命令执行模块(213)是这样的单元(即,部分、组件等或其组合),其在存在对用于执行DM命令的条件的匹配时,与DM激活器(220) 配合来执行DM命令。 DM command executing module (213) is a unit (i.e., parts, components, etc., or a combination thereof), which, when there is a match on the conditions for executing the DM command, the DM enabler (220) cooperate to execute the DM command . 换句话说,DM命令执行模块(213)向DM激活器(220)发送DM命令,并且从DM激活器(220)接收执行DM命令得到的结果。 In other words, the DM command executing module (213) sends a DM command to the DM enabler (220), and receives the result of execution of the DM command from the DM enabler obtained (220).

状态报告模块(214)是这样的单元(即,部分、组件等或其组合), 即,其向DM服务器(100)报告终端(22)的状态或者执行命令得到的结果。 Status reporting module (214) is a unit (i.e., parts, components, etc. or combinations thereof), i.e., its status to the DM server (100) reports a terminal (22) or the command execution result obtained. 状态报告模块(214)使用DM命令执行结果(即,状态消息、结 Status reporting module (214) using the DM command execution result (i.e., status message, the junction

果消息或者告警消息),来生成可以发送给DM服务器(100)的报告消息。 If the message or warning message) to generate a report message may be sent to the DM server (100). 在此,可以使用通用告警消息或者通过一些其他类型的消息或指示, 将报告消息或者终端(200)的状态传输给DM服务器(100)。 Here, the alarm message can use a common or by some other type of message or indication, the terminal or the report message (200) transmitted to the DM server state (100). 另外,如上所述,当调度上下文的状态或者调度组件的状态变化时,状态报告模块(214)可以向DM服务器(100)进行报告。 As described above, when the change in the state or the scheduling context scheduling component of the state, status reporting module (214) may be reported to the DM server (100).

DM激活器客户端(220)是与命令执行模块(214)配合来执行DM 命令的单元。 DM enabler client (220) is a unit of command execution modules (214) cooperate to execute the DM command. 更具体地说,DM激活器客户端(220)执行从命令执行模块(214)接收的DM命令,然后将其结果返回(例如,报告)给命令执行模块(214)。 More specifically, activation of the DM client (220) execution module (214) receives the DM command from the command, and returns the results thereof (e.g., reports) to the command execution module (214).

至此,针对具有调度上下文管理模块(111)和状态报告处理模块(112)的DM服务器(100),和具有DM调度激活器(210)(包含调度上下文载入模块(211)、条件匹配模块(212)、 DM命令执行模块(213) 和状态报告模块(214))和DM激活器(220)的终端(200),描述了本发明的DM系统的构成要素。 Thus, for having a scheduling context management module (111) and the status report processing module (112) of the DM server (100), and having a DM scheduling enabler (210) (comprising scheduling context module (211), the condition matching module ( 212), DM command terminal (200) module (213) and a status reporting module (214)) and DM enabler (220), the DM system components described in the present invention. 然而,这些要素也可以实现为处理器(未示出)、网络接口(未示出)和存储装置(未示出)的任何组合。 However, these elements may also be implemented as a processor (not shown), any combination of a network interface (not shown) and a storage device (not shown). 根据本发明的方法的特征 According to a feature of the method of the present invention.

将参考图4和5更加详细地描述本发明的DM系统的操作。 The operation with reference to FIGS. 4 and 5 described in more detail in the DM system according to the present invention. 应当注意,尽管图4和5没有说明所有要素的细节,但是各过程可以通过上述的DM服务器(100)和终端(200)中的各种组件来执行。 It should be noted that although FIGS. 4 and 5 do not illustrate all the details of the elements, but each of the above-described process may be performed by a DM server (100) and the terminal (200) of the various components.

图4是示出根据本发明的调度上下文载入过程的流程图,图5是示出根据本发明的用于执行已调度的设备管理的方法的流程图。 FIG 4 is a flowchart showing the loading process according to the scheduling context of the invention, FIG 5 is a flowchart illustrating a management apparatus for performing the method of the present invention have been scheduled for.

如图4所示,在本发明的载入过程中,DM服务器(100)建立与DM 激活器(220)的DM会话(或者一些其他类型的通信链接),从而载入调度上下文。 As shown, the loading process of the present invention, DM server (100) to establish the DM enabler (220) DM session (or some other type of communication link) 4, thereby loading the scheduling context.

下面将更加详细地解释本发明的示例性的调度上下文载入过程。 It will now be explained in more detail exemplary scheduling context of the invention the loading process.

1) DM服务器(100)(具体来说,其调度上下文管理模块(lll)) 生成(或者创建)调度上下文。 1) DM server (100) (specifically, its scheduling context management module (LLL)) to generate (or create) the scheduling context.

2) DM服务器(100)建立与终端(200)的DM会话,然后使用DM协议(或者其他合适的通信协议)来传送将生成的调度上下文载入到 2) DM server (100) establishing a DM session with the terminal (200), then using the DM protocol (or other suitable communication protocol) to transmit the generated scheduling context to

终端(200)的DM调度激活器客户端(210)的请求(或者指令)。 Terminal (200) to activate a DM client scheduler (210) a request (or command). 在此, 可以通过DM激活器(220)将所述请求传送给DM调度激活器客户端(210)。 Here, by the DM enabler (220) the request to activate the DM client scheduler (210).

3) 终端(200)的DM调度激活器(210)(具体来说,其调度上下文载入模块(211))检査所述调度上下文的有效性。 3) the terminal (200) to activate a DM scheduler (210) (specifically, its scheduling context module (211)) to check the validity of the scheduling context.

4) 完成有效性检查后,终端(200)的DM调度激活器(210)(具体来说,其调度上下文载入模块(211))载入终端(200)的DM树(或者其他类型的层次结构或逻辑格式)中的调度上下文。 4) After the validity check is completed, the terminal (200) to activate a DM scheduler (210) (specifically, its scheduling context module (211)) loading terminal (200) in the DM tree (or other types of hierarchy scheduling context and structural or logical format) of. 在此,如上所述的图2和3示出了DM树的一个示例。 Here, as described above in FIGS. 2 and 3 show an example of the DM tree.

5) 当完成所述载入时,终端(200)的DM调度激活器(210)(具体来说,其调度上下文载入模块(211))向DM服务器(100)报告调度上下文载入的结果。 5) Upon completion of the loading, the terminal (200) to activate a DM scheduler (210) (specifically, its scheduling context module (211) (100) reports the results of the scheduling context to the DM server load) .

参考图5描述本发明的示例性调度组件处理方法。 Referring to FIG 5 depicts an exemplary scheduling component processing method of the present invention.

1) DM调度激活器(210)(具体来说,其条件匹配模块(212))检查表示调度上下文载入的DM树中的条件节点,并且监测是否与其执行条件匹配。 . 1) DM scheduling enabler (210) (specifically, with the proviso matching module (212)) represents the condition check node scheduling context in the DM tree, and monitors whether the execution condition matching therewith. 在此,所述条件可以是基于门限值的。 Here, the condition may be based on the threshold. 也可以是附加的或者替代的条件。 It may also be an additional or alternative conditions.

2) 根据所述监测,如果确认与执行条件匹配,则DM调度激活器(210) (具体来说,其DM命令执行模块(213))与DM激活器(220)配合来 2) based on the monitoring, if it is confirmed to match with the execution condition, the DM scheduling enabler (210) (specifically, its DM command executing module (213)) with the DM enabler (220) cooperate to

执行DM命令。 DM command execution.

3) 当完成DM命令的执行时,DM调度激活器(210)(具体来说, 其状态报告模块(214))将执行结果或者终端(200)的状态报告给DM 服务器(100)。 3) Upon completion of the execution of the DM command, DM scheduling enabler (210) (specifically, status reporting module (214)) or the result of the execution state of the terminal (200) reports to the DM server (100). gp,执行结果的报告可以向DM服务器(100)告知是否正确地执行了DM命令或者错误发生的原因。 gp, report execution results can tell if performed correctly DM command to the DM server (100) or why the error occurred. 所述的报告过程可以使用执行结果来创建可以发送给DM服务器(100)的报告消息(或者一些其他类型的指示)。 The reporting procedure may be transmitted to the DM server can create (100) a report message (or some other type of indication) using the result.

4) 在接收到状态报告后,DM服务器(100)(具体来说,其状态报告处理模块(120))对接收到的状态报告执行分析(或者其他处理)。 4) Upon receiving the status report, the DM server (100) (specifically, the status report processing module (120)) received report execution state analysis (or other processing).

图6示出了用于执行基于门限值的设备管理调度的示例性方法,图7示出了用于执行基于陷获的设备管理调度的示例性方法。 FIG 6 illustrates an exemplary method for performing device management scheduling trapping an exemplary method for performing device management scheduling based on the threshold, based on FIG. 7 shows.

如图6所示,调度上下文可以包括两个调度组件。 6, the scheduling context may include two scheduling component. 更具体地说,如果特定管理实体的值(例如,当无线电接口实体具有稳定通信量时的门限值)超过l,则所述调度上下文的第一调度组件(即,已调度的设备管 More specifically, if the value of the particular management entity (e.g., when the radio communication interface entity having stable threshold amount) than l, the first scheduling component of the scheduling context (i.e., the scheduled device manager

理)允许执行将变量foo改为bar的DM命令。 Li) will be allowed to perform variable foo bar instead of DM command. 另外,如果特定管理实体的值回到稳定状态,则所述调度上下文的第二调度组件允许执行将变量bar改为foo的DM命令。 Further, if the value of the particular management entity back to the steady state, the second scheduling context allows assembly performs variable DM command bar to foo. 另外,由于滞后,第一和第二调度组件可以忽略特定无线电接口的吞吐量超过门限值1而又再次回落到低于门限值1 的情况,如果这种差异被认为是比较小(例如,在滞后(允许的)范围内)的话。 Further, due to the lag, the first and second schedule component may ignore specific radio interface exceeds a certain threshold value 1 but fall again below a threshold value of 1, if this difference is considered to be relatively small (e.g. , then within the hysteresis (permissible) range). 这是为了排除由于噪声的影响(或者其他干扰)造成系统不稳定的原因。 This is to rule out the influence of noise (or other interference) causes of system instability.

将描述第一和第二组件的示例性的执行过程。 During execution of the first and second exemplary assembly will be described.

(1) 第一组件和第二组件从初始状态变为激活(或者启用),并且被执行。 (1) the first and second components from an initial state to an activated (or enabled), and executed.

(2) 如果特定无线电(无线)接口设备的吞吐量超过门限值1,则执行第一调度组件的DM命令。 (2) If a certain particular radio (wireless) interface device exceeds the threshold value 1, DM command is executed the first schedule component.

G)在执行DM命令后,变量foo改为bar,第一调度组件变成失活(或者禁用),并且执行第二调度组件。 G) after executing the DM command, to the variable foo bar, the first schedule component becomes deactivated (or disabled), and performs a second schedule component.

(4) 如果特定无线电(无线)接口设备的吞吐量降到低于门限值2, 则执行第二调度组件的DM命令。 (4) If a certain particular radio (wireless) interface device DM command falls below the threshold value 2, is performed in the second schedule component.

(5) 在执行DM命令后,变量bar变成foo,第二调度组件变成失活(或者禁用),并且执行第一调度组件。 (5) after executing the DM command, the variable foo into bar, the second schedule component becomes deactivated (or disabled), and performing a first scheduling component.

图7示出了包括两个调度组件(即,已调度的设备管理)的调度上下文。 Figure 7 shows a scheduling context including two scheduling component (i.e., the scheduled device management). 更具体地说,所述调度上下文的第一调度组件允许当特定事件1 发生时将终端操作模式设置为紧急模式,并且执行第二调度组件。 More specifically, the first scheduler scheduling context assembly allows a specific event occurs when the terminal operation mode to the emergency mode, and performing a second schedule component. 所述调度上下文的第二调度组件定期检查是否有异常状态,如果消除(或者解决)了异常状态,则允许所述终端从紧急模式返回到其正常模式。 The second schedule component scheduling context to periodically check an abnormal state, if the elimination (or solution) of an abnormal state, the terminal is allowed to return to its normal mode from the emergency mode.

第一和第二调度组件的示例性执行过程如下所述。 Exemplary first and second execution schedule component as follows.

(1)当载入调度上下文时,第二组件从其初始状态变为失活(或者 (1) When loading the scheduling context, the second component becomes deactivated from its initial state (or

禁用)状态,第一调度组件从其初始状态变为激活或者启用状态,并且被执行。 Disabled) state, from its initial first state to schedule component activated or enabled, and is executed.

(2) 当特定事件l发生时,执行第一调度组件的DM命令。 (2) when a specific event occurs l, performing a first scheduling component of the DM command.

(3) 在执行DM命令后,终端操作模式变为紧急模式,第一调度组件变为失活(或者禁用),而第二调度组件变为激活(或者启用)。 (3) after executing the DM command, the terminal operating mode to the emergency mode, the first schedule component becomes deactivated (or disabled), and the second schedule component becomes activated (or enabled).

(4) 当第二调度组件变为激活状态并且被执行时,第二调度组件检査终端的状态是否正常,并且定期(例如,每隔IO分钟)进行这种检査。 (4) When the second schedule component becomes active and is executed, the terminal checks the state of the second schedule component is normal, and periodically (e.g., every IO minutes) this check.

(5) 在进行这种定期检査后,如果发现终端的状态是正常的,则执行第二组件的DM命令。 (5) after performing this periodic inspection, if it is found that the normal state of the terminal, the DM command execution of the second component.

(6) 在执行DM命令时,终端操作模式从紧急模式变为正常模式, 禁用第二调度组件,而启用第一调度组件。 (6) when executing the DM command, the terminal operating mode from the emergency mode to the normal mode, disabling the second schedule component, the first schedule component is enabled.

本发明的方法可以实现为软件、硬件或其任何组合。 The method of the present invention may be implemented as software, hardware, or any combination thereof. 例如,本发明的方法可以实现为存储在存储介质(例如,终端的内部存储器、闪存、 硬盘等)中并通过处理器(例如,终端中的微处理器等)执行的软件程序中的代码或者指令。 For example, the method of the present invention may be implemented as instructions stored in a storage medium (e.g., internal memory of the terminal, a flash memory, a hard disk, etc.) and a software program executed by a processor (e.g., a microprocessor in the terminal, etc.) or code instruction.

关于本发明的效果,通过向终端(提前)提供要在终端中执行的DM 命令和执行所述DM命令的基于门限值的条件(包括在调度上下文中), 并且使终端根据基于门限值的条件执行这些DM命令,其结果为:无论终端何时从DM服务器请求DM命令,终端都将这些命令当成如同它们是从DM服务器直接提供的。 About effect of the present invention, by providing a DM command to be executed in the terminal and executing the threshold condition based DM command (including in the scheduling context), and the terminal according to the terminal (in advance) based on the thresholds DM command execute these conditions, a result: Whenever a terminal requesting DM command from the DM server, the terminal as such commands as if they are from the DM server directly.

并且,由于本发明允许根据特定门限值执行DM命令,所以可以有效地防止(或者至少最少化)在终端中可能发生的错误。 Further, since the present invention allows execute the DM command in accordance with the specified threshold, it is possible to effectively prevent (or at least minimize) errors that may occur in the terminal.

此外,通过根据特定门限值以交替方式分别执行一个或者多个调度上下文,可以以更系统的方式执行DM命令,因此可以更加有效地处理DM命令。 Further, by respectively alternating manner to perform one or more scheduling context according to the specific threshold value, the DM command can be executed in a more systematic way, it is possible to more effectively deal with the DM command.

应当注意,本发明的特征和概念涉及各种类型的由相应标准机构管理的设备管理(DM)标准。 It should be noted that the features and concepts of the present invention relates to various types of standard equipment managed by the appropriate standards organization-managed (DM). 因此,各种相应的标准和其中规定的概念也是本发明的一部分。 Accordingly, various standards and wherein the respective predetermined concepts are also part of the present invention.

尽管本说明书规定了涉及设备管理(DM)的命令、节点、子节点等 While the present description relates to a device management command specifies (DM), the node, the child nodes, etc.

的各种名称,但是可以清楚地理解,这些名称和标签只是示例性的。 Various names, it is clearly understood that the same names and labels are merely exemplary. 本发明的特征不受此限制,而可以使用其他等同的名称或者标签,只要它们表示相同的或者等同的功能和/或特征即可。 Feature of the present invention is not limited to this, but may use other equivalent or tag name, as long as they represent the same or equivalent functions and / or features can be.

在本说明书中任何对"一个实施方式"、"一实施方式"、"示例性的实施方式"等的引用,都表示针对所述实施方式描述的特定特征、结构或者特点包括在本发明的至少一个实施方式中。 In the present specification any reference to "one embodiment," "an embodiment," "exemplary embodiment," etc., are for the embodiments described embodiment represents a particular feature, structure, or characteristic of the present invention comprises at least one embodiment. 在本说明书中不同地方出现的这种表述不一定都参考同一个实施方式。 Such various places in the specification are not necessarily all expressed in reference to the same embodiment. 并且,当针对任一实施方式描述特定特征、结构或者特点时,隐含着结合其它实施方式来实现这种特征、结构或者特点也在本领域技术人员能想到的范围内。 And, when describing a particular feature, structure, or characteristic for any of the embodiments, in conjunction with other embodiments implied to effect such feature, structure, or characteristic is also within the present skill in the art can think of the range.

尽管参考几个说明性的实施方式来描述了实施方式,但是应当理解, 本领域技术人员可以构想出许多其它的修改例和实施方式,它们也落在公开说明书的原理的精神和范围内。 While several illustrative embodiments with reference to the embodiments described embodiment, it is to be appreciated that those skilled in the art can conceive numerous other modifications and embodiments are also within the spirit and scope of the principles disclosed in the specification. 更具体地说,在公开说明书、附图和所附的权利要求书的范围内,可以对对象组合结构的组成部分和/或排列进行各种变化和更改。 More specifically, disclosed in the specification, the claims and the appended drawings scope of the claims, that various changes and modifications may be made to the structure of the part of the subject combination and / or arrangement. 除了对组成部分和/或排列的变化和更改外,本领域的技术人员也清楚另外的应用。 In addition to the component parts and / or arrangements of variations and modifications, the skilled in the art also understand other applications.

Claims (28)

1.一种终端,其包括:第一模块,其用于从服务器接收至少一个或者多个调度上下文,并且载入所述至少一个或者多个调度上下文,其中,每一调度上下文包括命令和执行所述命令的基于门限值的条件;第二模块,其用于对所述终端中的规定的管理对象的值进行采样,并且将采样的值与所述门限值相比较;和第三模块,其用于在所述第二模块确定的所述管理对象的采样的值已经达到所述门限值的情况下,针对所述管理对象执行设备管理命令。 1. A terminal, comprising: a first module for receiving at least one or more scheduling context from the server, and loading the at least one or more scheduling contexts, wherein each context including the scheduling command and execution based on threshold conditions of the command; a second module, for a predetermined value of the management object in the terminal is sampled, and the sampled value is compared with the threshold value; and a third module, which is used in the case where the value of the sample management module determines the second target has reached the threshold value, perform device management command for the managed object.
2、 如权利要求1所述的终端,其中所述第二模块对所述终端中的一个或者多个规定的管理对象的每一个值进行采样,并且将每一个值与每一个规定的门限值进行比较。 2, the terminal as claimed in claim 1, wherein each value of the second object management module to one or more of the predetermined sampling terminals, with each value and a predetermined threshold for each value.
3、 如权利要求l所述的终端,其中采样的值和所述门限值以一对一、 一对多或者多对多的方式彼此相关联。 3. The terminal of claim l wherein the sampled value and the threshold value-to-one, or many-to-many association with each other claim.
4、 如权利要求1所述的终端,其中所述第二模块使用所述管理对象的地址或者标识符来对所述值进行采样。 4, the terminal as claimed in claim 1, wherein said second address module using the management object identifier, or to sample the value.
5、 如权利要求4所述的终端,其中,所述地址用绝对地址和相对地址中的至少一个来表示。 5, the terminal as claimed in claim 4, wherein the at least one of said address represented by the absolute address and a relative address.
6、 如权利要求4所述的终端,其中如果使用了所述标识符,则所述第二模块还使用附加信息。 6, the terminal as claimed in claim 4, wherein if the identifier is used, then the second module is further use of the additional information.
7、 如权利要求6所述的终端,其中所述附加信息包括所述管理对象的相对位置和值中的至少一个。 7, the terminal as claimed in claim 6, wherein said additional information includes the management object and the relative position of at least one value.
8、 如权利要求l所述的终端,其中,所述第二模块以规定的时间间隔监测所述值。 8. The terminal according to claim l, wherein the second module at predetermined time intervals the monitored value.
9、 如权利要求1所述的终端,其中所述第二模块还将所述采样的值与先前采样的值进行比较。 9. A terminal as claimed in claim 1, wherein the second module is also the value of the sample with the previously sampled value is compared.
10、 如权利要求9所述的终端,其中如果所述先前采样的值对应于重启之前的值,则忽略所述先前采样的值。 10. The terminal as claimed in claim 9, wherein if said previously sampled value corresponding to the value prior to the restart, the value of the previously sampled ignored.
11、 如权利要求l所述的终端,其中如果当前采样的值等于或者大于所述门限值,并且如果先前采样的值小于所述门限值,则所述第三模块执行所述命令。 11. The terminal according to claim l, wherein if the current sample is equal to or greater than the value of threshold value, and if the previously sampled value is smaller than the threshold value, then the third module executes the command.
12、 如权利要求l所述的终端,其中如果当前采样的值等于或者小于所述门限值,并且如果先前采样的值大于所述门限值,则所述第三模块执行所述命令。 12. The terminal according to claim l, wherein if the current sample value is equal to or smaller than the threshold value, and if a previously sampled value is greater than said threshold value, then the third module executes the command.
13、 如权利要求l所述的终端,其中在执行一次所述命令之后,直到所述采样的值相对于门限值降到低于或者升高到高于规定裕量时,所述第三模块才能执行所述命令。 13, The terminal according to claim l, wherein after execution of the command a, the sampled value until the threshold value with respect to fall below or rise above a predetermined margin, the third module to execute the command.
14、 如权利要求1所述的终端,其中如果当前采样的值等于所述门限值,并且如果先前采样的值不等于所述门限值,则所述第三模块执行所述命令。 14. The terminal as claimed in claim 1, wherein if the current sample value is equal to the threshold value, and if the previously sampled value is not equal to the threshold value, then the third module executes the command.
15、 如权利要求1所述的终端,其中如果将所述门限值规定为增量值,则所述第二模块将当前采样的值和先前采样的值之差与所述门限值进行比较。 15. The terminal as claimed in claim 1, wherein the predetermined threshold value if the incremental value, the second module and the current value of the sample of the previous sample value difference with the threshold value Compare.
16、 如权利要求1所述的终端,其中,所述条件包括下述要素中的至少一个:第一要素,其用于规定所述管理对象的地址;第二要素,其用于规定采样所述管理对象的值的时间间隔; 第三要素,其用于规定所述门限值;第四要素,其用于将所述门限值的格式规定为布尔型、字符型、整型、浮点型、日期型或者时间型;第五要素,其用于将所述门限值的类型规定为绝对值或者增量值; 第六要素,其用于将所述门限值规定为上升、下降或者静态;和第七要素,其用于规定所述门限值的裕量。 16. The terminal as claimed in claim 1, wherein said conditions comprise at least one of the following elements: a first element, a predetermined address for the management object; a second element, for a predetermined sampling by the value of said time interval management object; a third element for said predetermined threshold value; and a fourth element, a predetermined format for which the threshold value is a boolean, character, integer, floating point, date, time or type; fifth element, which is predetermined for the type of the absolute value of the threshold value or incremental; sixth element, for which said predetermined threshold value is increased, decreased or static; and a seventh element, a margin for said predetermined threshold.
17、 如权利要求16所述的终端,其中,所述第一要素包括下述子要素中的至少一个:第一子要素,其用于规定所述管理对象的统一资源标识符;第二子要素,其用于规定所述管理对象的标识符;和第三子要素,其用于规定因在使用所述第二子要素的情况下存在相同标识符而用于将特定管理对象与其他管理对象区分开的附加信息。 17. The terminal as claimed in claim 16, wherein said first element comprises the following sub-elements in at least one of: a first sub-element, for managing a uniform resource identifier of the predetermined object; a second sub- elements, for a predetermined identifier of the management object; and a third sub-element, due to the presence of the same identifier in the case of using the second sub-element for the predetermined specific management object for management and other additional information separate subject area.
18、 如权利要求17所述的终端,其中,所述第三子要素包括下述中的至少一个:所述管理对象的相对于所述设备管理树的根节点的URI; 所述管理对象的值;和所述值的格式。 18. The terminal as claimed in claim 17, wherein the third sub-element comprises at least one of: the relative URI to the root node of the management object of the device management tree; said managed object value; and format of the value.
19、 如权利要求1所述的终端,其中所述至少一个或者多个调度上下文能够通过所述门限值互联。 19. The terminal according to claim 1, wherein the at least one or more scheduling context by the threshold value can be interconnected.
20、 如权利要求1所述的终端,其中如果满足所述至少一个或者多个调度上下文中的第一调度上下文的条件,则所述第三模块执行所述第一调度上下文的命令,而如果满足所述至少一个或者多个调度上下文中的第二调度上下文的条件,则执行所述第二调度上下文的命令。 20. The terminal as claimed in claim 1, wherein the at least one or if they meet the condition of the first scheduling context in the plurality of scheduling context, a third module is the first execution command of the scheduling context, and if satisfies the condition of at least one or more scheduling context in the context of a second schedule, said second schedule the command execution context.
21、 一种终端,其包括:第一模块,其用于从服务器接收至少一个或者多个调度上下文,并且载入所述至少一个或者多个调度上下文,每一个调度上下文包括命令和执行所述命令的基于门限值的条件;其中,所述条件包括下述要素中的至少一个:第一要素,其用于规定特定管理对象的地址;第二要素,其用于规定对所述特定管理对象的值进行采样的时间间隔;第三要素, 其用于规定门限值;第四要素,其用于规定所述门限值的类型;第五要素,其用于规定所述门限值的方向;和第六要素,其用于规定所述门限值的裕量;和第二模块,其用于当确定所述特定管理对象的值己经达到所述门限值时,针对所述管理对象执行所述命令。 21. A terminal, comprising: a first module for receiving from the server at least one or more scheduling context, and the at least one loading or more scheduling contexts, each context including the scheduling command and executed based on a threshold condition command; wherein said conditions comprise at least one of the following elements: a first element for a predetermined address of a particular management object; and a second element for said predetermined specific management value of the target sampling time intervals; a third element, for a predetermined threshold value; the fourth element, the type of the predetermined threshold value for a; fifth element, for which said predetermined threshold value direction; and a sixth element, a predetermined margin for the threshold value; and a second module, which is used when determining the value of a specific management object has reached the threshold value for the said managing the execution of the command.
22、 如权利要求21所述的终端,其中所述第四要素将所述门限值的类型规定为绝对值或者增量值。 22. The terminal as claimed in claim 21, wherein said fourth feature type to said predetermined threshold value is an absolute value or increment value.
23、 如权利要求21所述的终端,其中,所述条件还包括:第七要素,其用于将所述门限值的格式规定为布尔型、字符型、整型、浮点型、日期型或者时间型。 The format of the predetermined threshold value, boolean, character, integer, floating point, date seventh element, for: 23, terminal as claimed in claim 21, wherein said conditions further comprises type or time type.
24、 一种服务器,其包括:DM调度激活器,其用于生成至少一个或者多个调度上下文并且请求将所述至少一个或者多个调度上下文载入到终端,使得所述终端能够根据所述至少一个或者多个调度上下文执行设备管理,其中,每一个调度上下文包括命令和执行所述命令的基于门限值的条件。 24. A server, comprising: DM scheduling enabler for generating at least one or more scheduling request context and the at least one or more scheduling context to the terminal, so that the terminal can, according to the at least one or more device management scheduling context execution, wherein each scheduling context including a threshold based on the conditional command and to execute the command.
25、 如权利要求24所述的终端,其中,所述条件包括下述要素中的至少一个:第一要素,其用于规定所述管理对象的地址;第二要素,其用于规定监测所述管理对象的值的时间间隔;第三要素,其用于规定所述门限值;第四要素,其用于将所述的门限值的格式规定为布尔型、字符型、 整型、浮点型、日期型或者时间型;第五要素,其用于将所述门限值的类型规定为绝对值或者增量值; 第六要素,其用于将所述门限值规定为上升、下降或者静态;和第七要素,其用于规定所述门限值的裕量。 25. The terminal as claimed in claim 24, wherein said conditions comprise at least one of the following elements: a first element, a predetermined address for the management object; a second element, for a predetermined monitor the the value of said time interval management object; a third element for said predetermined threshold value; and a fourth element, which is used to form the predetermined threshold value, boolean, character, integer, floating point, date, time or type; fifth element, which is predetermined for the type of the absolute value of the threshold value or incremental; sixth element, for which said predetermined threshold value is increased , decreased or static; and a seventh element, the threshold value for a predetermined amount of margin.
26、 一种管理设备的方法,其包括: 对规定管理对象的值进行采样; 将采样的值与规定的门限值相比较;和若确定所述管理对象的值已经达到所述门限值时,则针对所述管理对象执行设备管理命令。 26, a method for managing device, comprising: a predetermined value management object sampling; sampled value with a predetermined threshold comparing; and if the value of the management object determines said threshold value has been reached , the device management command is executed for the management object.
27、 如权利要求26所述的方法,其还包括:从服务器接收至少一个或者多个调度上下文,其中每一个调度上下文包括命令和执行所述命令的基于门限值的条件;和载入所接收的调度上下文。 27. The method as claimed in claim 26, further comprising: receiving at least one or more scheduling context from the server, wherein each threshold based scheduling context including the conditional command and to execute the command; and the loading receiving the scheduling context.
28、如权利要求27所述的方法,其中,所述条件包括下述要素中的至少一个:第一要素,其用于规定所述管理对象的地址;第二要素,其用于规定监测所述管理对象的值的时间间隔;第三要素,其用于规定所述门限值;第四要素,其用于将所述门限值的格式规定为布尔型、字符型、整型、浮点型、日期型或者时间型;第五要素,其用于将所述门限值的类型规定为绝对值或者增量值;第六要素,其用于将所述门限值规定为上升、下降或者静态;禾口第七要素,其用于规定所述门限值的裕量。 28. The method of claim 27, wherein said conditions comprise at least one of the following elements: a first element, a predetermined address for the management object; a second element, for a predetermined monitor the the value of said time interval management object; a third element for said predetermined threshold value; and a fourth element, a predetermined format for which the threshold value is a boolean, character, integer, floating point, date, time or type; fifth element, which is predetermined for the type of the absolute value of the threshold value or incremental; sixth element, for which said predetermined threshold value is increased, decreased or static; Wo port seventh element, the threshold value for a predetermined amount of margin.
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