CN101371235A - Device management scheduling method and apparatus thereof - Google Patents

Device management scheduling method and apparatus thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101371235A
CN101371235A CN 200780002804 CN200780002804A CN101371235A CN 101371235 A CN101371235 A CN 101371235A CN 200780002804 CN200780002804 CN 200780002804 CN 200780002804 A CN200780002804 A CN 200780002804A CN 101371235 A CN101371235 A CN 101371235A
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node
scheduling
scheduling context
terminal
context
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CN 200780002804
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101371235B (en
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帕布罗·赫尔南德兹
金兑炫
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Lg电子株式会社
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Priority to US60/760,942 priority
Priority to US76251706P priority
Priority to US60/762,517 priority
Priority to KR10-2006-0043155 priority
Priority to KR20060043155 priority
Priority to KR1020070005821A priority patent/KR101342372B1/en
Priority to KR10-2007-0005821 priority
Application filed by Lg电子株式会社 filed Critical Lg电子株式会社
Priority to PCT/KR2007/000377 priority patent/WO2007083971A1/en
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Abstract

vice management commands to be executed within a terminal and conditions included within a scheduling context for executing such commands are provided to the terminal ahead of time. A server generates a scheduling context (or other type of scheduling information) that includes device management scheduled by the server to allow more effective scheduling to be performed by the terminal. A terminal receives the scheduling context from the server and performs the scheduled device management procedures accordingly.

Description

设备管理调度方法及其装置 Device management scheduling method and apparatus

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及设备管理调度方法及其装置。 The present invention relates to a device management scheduling method and apparatus. 背景技术 Background technique

通常,设备管理(DM)技术涉及向设备管理(DM)服务器(或其他网络实体)显示(或指示)设备管理(DM)客户机(即终端或其他用户设备)作为存在于设备管理(DM)树(或用于设备管理的其他类型的分级结构或逻辑格式)上的管理对象的资源,允许对其进行访问,并使DM服务器能够轻松地管理该终端。 Typically, a device management (DM) technique relates to a display (or indication) Device Management (DM) client (i.e., terminal or other user equipment) as exists in the device management (DM) to a device management (DM) server (or other network entity) resource management object tree (or other type of device management structures or hierarchical logical format) on, allowing it to be accessed, and the DM server can easily manage the terminal.

在此类DM技术中,DM服务器可以指示终端来处理设备管理命令, 而被管理的终端在执行完相应的命令之后可以立即将执行结果报告给DM服务器。 DM in such art, the DM server may instruct the processing device management command to the terminal, the terminal is managed execution results may be reported immediately after the corresponding command to the DM server after executing. 并且,DM服务器可以请求终端来改变、更新、删除或处理用于设备管理的特定功能。 And, the DM server may request the terminal to change, update, delete, or specific processing functions for device management.

本发明的一个方面是发明人对现有的DM技术中的以下缺陷的认知。 One aspect of the invention is the inventor's knowledge the prior art DM with the following defects. 即,在现有技术中,仅当终端中存在错误或故障时,终端才可向DM 服务器请求DM命令。 That is, in the prior art, only when there is an error or failure in the terminal, the terminal before requesting DM command to the DM server. 由此,现有技术终端的诊断程序变得更昂贵,并且由于无法在此类问题发生之前预期或发现它们,所以不能有效地解决诊断问题。 Thus, diagnostic procedures prior art terminal becomes more expensive, and because of unexpected or find them before such problems can not be solved effectively diagnose the problem.

发明内容 SUMMARY

因此,为了解决上述缺陷,本发明提供了一种生成调度上下文(或其他类型的调度信息)的服务器,调度上下文包括经该服务器调度以允许终端进行更有效的调度的设备管理信息。 Accordingly, in order to solve the above drawbacks, the present invention provides a method of generating a scheduling context server (or other type of schedule information), scheduling context including the server via a terminal scheduled to allow for more efficient scheduling of device management information.

本发明还提供了一种从服务器接收调度上下文并相应地执行所调度的设备管理步骤的终端。 The present invention further provides a server receives from the device management scheduling context, and the step of performing scheduled accordingly.

本发明提供了一种终端,该终端具有:第一模块(或其他硬件、软件,或其组合),用于从服务器接收并安装调度上下文(或其他类型的调度框架),所述调度上下文包括至少一个受调度的设备管理(即,元素、 装置等),并包括通用信息,该通用信息具有表示调度上下文状态(或情况)的第一节点(或分级结构中其他类型的点)和涉及调度上下文的状态控制的第二节点(或分级结构中其他类型的点);以及第二模块(或其他硬件、软件,或其组合),用于根据所安装的调度上下文来执行受调度的设备管理。 The present invention provides a terminal, the terminal comprising: a first module (or other hardware, software, or a combination thereof), to receive and install the scheduling context (or other type of schedule frame) from a server, the scheduling context including at least one scheduled device management (i.e., element, device, etc.), and includes general information, which indicates the scheduling information has a general context state (or condition) of the node (or other types of hierarchy point) and to scheduling the second node (or other types of hierarchy point) context control state; and a second module (or other hardware, software, or a combination thereof), for performing scheduling according to the installed device management scheduling context by .

本发明提供了一种服务器,该服务器包括:设备管理调度使能器, 用于生成并请求终端安装调度上下文,并根据所安装的调度上下文来执行受调度的设备管理,该调度上下文包括至少一个受调度的设备管理和具有表示调度上下文的状态的第一节点以及涉及调度上下文的状态控制的第二节点的通用信息。 The present invention provides a server, the server comprising: a device management scheduling enabler for generating and install the scheduling context requesting terminal, and executes the scheduled device management in accordance with the scheduling context is installed, the scheduling context including at least one the first node of the scheduled device management scheduling context, and having a state represented by the general information of the second node and a state control to scheduling context.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1示出了根据本发明的服务器和终端的示范性概念结构。 FIG 1 shows an exemplary conceptual configuration of the server and the terminal according to the present invention.

图2以示范性设备管理树结构示出了根据本发明的调度上下文。 Figure 2 an exemplary device management tree structure shows a scheduling context of the present invention.

图3以另一种示范性设备管理树结构示出了根据本发明的调度上下文。 FIG 3 is another exemplary device management tree structure shows a scheduling context of the present invention.

图4示出了根据本发明的调度上下文安装步骤的示范性流程图。 FIG. 4 shows a flowchart of an exemplary installation procedure according to the scheduling context of the present invention.

图5示出了根据本发明的执行设备管理调度的示范性方法的流程图。 FIG 5 shows a flowchart of an exemplary method for performing device management scheduling according to the present invention.

图6示出了执行基于阈值的设备管理调度步骤的示范性方法。 FIG 6 illustrates an exemplary method for performing device management scheduling based on the step threshold. 图7示出了执行基于陷阱(trap)的设备管理调度步骤的另一种示范性方法。 FIG 7 illustrates another exemplary method performed based on a trap (Trap) a device management scheduling step.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

下面将参照附图来描述本发明的示范性实施方式。 It will be described exemplary embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings below. 可清楚理解的是, 这些实施方式仅是示范性的,并不是要限制本发明。 It is clearly understood that these embodiments are merely exemplary and are not intended to limit the present invention.

图1示出了根据本发明的服务器(即DM服务器)和终端(即DM 客户机)的示范性概念结构,图2以示范性设备管理树结构示出了调度上下文。 FIG 1 shows a server according to the present invention (i.e., a DM server) and a terminal (i.e. DM client) is an exemplary conceptual configuration of an exemplary apparatus of FIG. 2 shows a tree structure management scheduling context. 另外,图3以另一种示范性设备管理树结构示出了调度上下文。 Further, FIG. 3 is another exemplary device management tree structure shows the scheduling context.

对图1的描述也用于描述图2和图3。 The description of FIG. 1 is also used to describe FIGS. 2 and 3.

图1示出了根据本发明的示范性DM服务器(100)和终端(200)。 FIG 1 illustrates a DM server according to an exemplary of the present invention (100) and the terminal (200). (1) DM服务器的特征DM服务器(100)可以包括DM调度使能器(110)或其他类似硬件、软件或其任意组合。 (. 1) is characterized in DM server DM server (100) may include a DM scheduling enabler (110) or other similar hardware, software, or any combination thereof.

DM调度使能器(110)可以包括DM调度上下文管理模块(111) DM scheduling enabler (110) may include a DM scheduling context managing module (111)

和状态报告处理模块(112)和/或其他类型的类似硬件、软件或其任意组合。 Status reporting and processing modules and / or other similar types of hardware, software, or any combination thereof (112).

调度上下文管理模块(111)可以具有用于生成调度上下文并请求终端(200)安装和执行它的单元(即部分、元件等,或其组合)。 Scheduling context management module (111) may have a scheduling context, and for generating a request from the terminal (200) its installation and execution unit (i.e., parts, elements and the like, or combinations thereof).

更具体来讲,调度上下文管理模块(111)根据相对标准(例如DM 标准)来建立与终端(200)的设备管理(DM)会话(或其他类型的通信期限或周期),然后可以经由所建立的DM会话来请求终端(200)安装调度上下文。 More specifically, the scheduling context management module (111) to establish the relative standard (e.g. a standard DM) and the terminal (200) device management (DM) session (or other type of communication cycle or period) may then be established via DM session request to the terminal (200) to install the scheduling context.

调度上下文可以包括通用信息和一个或更多个调度成分。 Scheduling context may include general information and scheduling one or more component. 还包括附加和/或另选类型的信息、参数等。 Also include additional and / or alternative types of information, parameters and the like. 在此,通用信息可以包括以下一项或更多项:调度上下文的标识符元素、名称元素、相应的服务器元素、有效周期元素、表示调度上下文的状态的状态元素,以及涉及调度上下文的状态控制的StateOP (节点)元素。 Here, the general information may include one or more of: scheduling context identifier element, the name of the element, the corresponding elements of the server, the effective period element, the element represents the state of the scheduling context state, and the state controlled to scheduling context the StateOP (node) elements.

调度成分可以包括以下一项或更多项:指定DM命令的Task (任务) 元素、指定执行DM命令的条件(即理由、因素、参数等)的Cond (条件)元素、指定与用户的交互的User Interaction (用户交互)元素、指定是否应该将执行DM命令的结果报告给(或指示给)服务器的Gating (选通)元素,以及指示是否应向服务器报告终端的状态或事件的Event (事件)元素。 Scheduling component may include one or more of the following: Specify the DM commands Task (task) element specifies the conditions for the implementation of DM command (ie reasons, factors, parameters, etc.) of Cond (conditions) element specifies the interaction with the user's user interaction (user interaction) elements, should specify whether the execution of the DM command to report the results (or indicated to) the server gating (strobe) elements, and should indicate whether the event (events) status report or an event of a terminal server element. 然而,应该注意的是,元素并不仅限于上列元素,而是可以使用不同的附加元素或仅使用所列元素中的一些。 However, it should be noted that the element is not limited to the above elements, but may use different additional elements or only some of the elements listed in.

在此,设备管理命令可以包括在消息中。 Here, the device management command may be included in the message. 换句话说,该消息可以包括至少一个或更多个设备管理命令。 In other words, the message may include at least one or more device management commands. 如果使用消息,则任务元素指定该消息。 If a message is, the task element specifies the message. 并且,上述条件可以是基于定时器的、基于陷阱的、或基于阈值 Further, the above-described condition may be based, trap, or based on a threshold value of the timer

的。 of. 还可以使用条件的附加或另选基础。 Additionally or alternatively basic conditions may be used. 并且,选通条件表示终端(200) 在执行DM命令之后是否需要报告执行结果。 And, gating condition indicates whether the terminal (200) need to report the execution result after performing the DM command.

同时,调度上下文中可能存在一个或更多个调度成分,并且这些调度成分之间可具有绑定逻辑关系。 Meanwhile, the presence of one or more components of the scheduling context may be scheduled, and may have a logical relationship between the binding schedule component. 即,调度成分可以是彼此作用的(interworked)。 That is, the scheduling component may be another effect (interworked). 例如,这种"彼此作用"可以指,如果满足第一调度的条件,则模块(或其他实体)执行第一调度成分的命令,并终止第二调度成分的命令。 Such "another action" may refer to, if the first scheduling condition is satisfied, then the module (or other entity) Run the first scheduling component, and a second termination command schedule component. 这对于基于阈值的调度非常有用,由此可通过交替方式基于具体阈值分别执行一个或更多个成分。 This is useful for scheduling based on a threshold value, thereby performing one or more components based on the particular threshold respectively in an alternating manner.

"彼此作用"的概念可应用于调度上下文。 The term "another action" may be applied to the scheduling context. 也就是说,如果至少一个或更多个调度上下文的第一调度上下文开始,则所述至少一个或更多个调度上下文的第二调度上下文停止。 That is, if the first scheduling at least one or more start scheduling context context, the at least one or more second scheduling context to stop scheduling context.

调度上下文可由调度上下文管理模块(111)根据需要进行修订(即校正、改动、修改等),或可向终端(200)请求此类修订。 Scheduling context by scheduling context management module (111) for revision (i.e. corrected, altered, modified, etc.) as required, or may request such revision terminal (200). 并且,调度上下文管理模块(111)可请求终端(200)删除所安装的调度上下文。 Further, the scheduling context management module (111) can request scheduling context terminal (200) installed deleted.

另外,当终端(200)中安装或重新安装的调度上下文发生改变或出现错误时,或者如果调度上下文状态发生变化,则调度上下文管理模块(111)可从终端(200)接收消息(或其他指示)并执行其适当的处理。 Further, when a change or an error occurs scheduled to install or reinstall the terminal (200) context, or if the scheduling context status change, the scheduling context management module (111) may receive a message from the terminal (200) (or other indication ) and performs its appropriate processing.

上面描述了Task元素、Cond元素,User Interaction元素、Gating元素,以及Event元素包括在调度成分中的情况。 Task element described above, Cond elements, User Interaction element Gating element, and Event element included in a scheduling ingredients. 但是,应该注意,如图3 所示,这些元素可直接包括在调度上下文中。 However, it should be noted that, as shown in FIG. 3, these elements may include directly in the scheduling context. (2)终端的特征 Characterized in (2) of the terminal

终端(200)可包括DM调度使能器(210)和DM使能器(220)。 Terminal (200) may include a DM scheduling enabler (210) and DM enabler (220). 在此,可理解的是也可使用其他类似的硬件、软件或其任意组合。 Here, use may also be appreciated that other similar hardware, software, or any combination thereof.

DM调度使能器(210)可包括调度上下文安装模块(211)、条件匹配模块(212)、 DM命令执行模块(213)、选通模块以及状态报告模块(215)。 DM scheduling enabler (210) may include a scheduling context installation module (211), the condition matching module (212), DM command executing module (213), and the gating module status reporting module (215). 在此,可理解的是还可使用其他类似的硬件,软件或其任意组 Here, use may also be understood that other similar hardware, software, or any group

调度上下文安装模块(211)是可从服务器(110)(即,DM调度使能器(110))接收调度上下文安装请求并执行其适当处理的单元(即, 部分、元素等,或其组合)。 Scheduling context installation module (211) is available from the server (110) (i.e., the DM scheduling enabler (110)) received scheduling context installation request processing and their appropriate execution unit (i.e., part, element or the like, or combinations thereof) . 在此,调度上下文可通过DM使能器(220) 来接收,然后可递送到调度上下文安装模块(211)。 Here, the DM scheduling context may be passed through the energy converter (220) to receive, and then be delivered to the scheduling context installation module (211). 调度上下文安装模块(211)利用调度上下文来生成终端(200)中使用的设备管理(DM) 树(或其他类型的分级结构或逻辑格式)中的一个或更多个节点(或其他类型的分级节点)。 Generating terminal (200) Device Management (DM) used in the tree (or other type of format or logical hierarchy) scheduling context installation module (211) using the scheduling context in one or more nodes (or other type of classification node). 在此,DM树可以由通用信息节点和一个或更多个调度成分(受调度的设备管理)形成。 Here, DM tree node may be formed by the general information and scheduling one or more component (the scheduled device management).

参照图2来详细描述DM树(即调度上下文安装格式)。 Described in detail in the DM tree (i.e. scheduling context installable format) Referring to FIG. 图2示出了示范性DM树。 FIG 2 illustrates an exemplary DM tree. 更具体来讲,通用节点(如图2所示) 可包括表示所安装的调度上下文的标识符的Id节点、表示调度上下文的名称的Name (名称)节点、表示调度上下文的有效时段的Valid (有效) 节点、表示调度上下文的拥有者的Server (服务器)节点、表示调度上下文的当前状态的State (状态)节点,以及表示调度上下文的状态控制的StateOP节点。 More specifically, the general-purpose node (FIG. 2) may include a node Id represent the installed scheduling context identifier representing Name (Name) node name of the scheduling context, Valid indicates the valid period of the scheduling context ( active) the node representing the owner of the scheduling context server (server) node, which represents state (state) of the current state of the node scheduling context, and the scheduling context indicates StateOP node control state. 可清楚理解的是,这些节点的名称和类型仅是示范性的。 Clearly understood that the names and types of these nodes are merely exemplary.

在此,可由State节点表示的调度上下文的当前状态的一些例子如下表所示。 Here, some examples of the current state of the State node scheduling context may be represented in the following table. g卩,调度上下文可以是以下状态之一:Stopped (停止)、Running (运行)或Suspended (暂停)。 g Jie, scheduling context may be one of the following states: Stopped (stop), Running (running) or Suspended (suspended). 还可能有许多其他附加或另选状态。 There may also be many other additional or alternative status.

状态 描述 status description

Stopped 调度上下文是非活动的。 Stopped scheduling context is inactive. 并且,所包括的全部调度成分都是非活动的。 And, all of the included ingredients are scheduled inactive. 刚刚安装和配置以及重新配置的调度上下文可处于此状态。 Just installing and configuring and reconfiguring the scheduling context may be in this state. 当调度工作完成后调度上下文可转变到此状态。 After the completion of scheduled work scheduling context may transition to this state. 离开此状态,调度上下文开始于具有其自身初始状态的每个调度成分。 Leave this state, the scheduling context begins each component has its own schedule initial state.

Running 调度上下文是活动的。 Running scheduling context is active. 更具体来讲,至少一个调度成分可以是活动的。 More specifically, at least one scheduler may be active ingredient. 如果没有一个调度成分是活动的,则调度上下文必须自动转变为停止状态。 If there is a schedule component is active, the scheduling context must be automatically converted into a stopped state.

Suspended 调度上下文是非活动的。 Suspended scheduling context is inactive. 所包括的全部调度成分都维持它们的状态。 All ingredients are included scheduling maintained their status. 离开此状态,调度上下文将从其暂停时的状态开始继续。 Leave this state, the scheduling context from its state of suspended resumes.

调度上下文的状态可由服务器(100)、由终端(200)自身,或由终端(200)的用户来改变(即修改、调整等)。 State of the scheduling context by the server (100), the terminal (200) itself, or be changed by the user terminal (200) (i.e. modification, adjustment, etc.). 可使用各种条件来触发这种改变。 Various conditions can be used to trigger the change. 例如,如果在进行设备管理时,或设备管理完成时,或在由于服务 For example, if when performing device management, device management is completed or when, or because the service

器(100)或用户的请求而进行任何修改或删除之前出现了错误,则调度 Before the error occurred (100) or the user's request to modify or delete any, the scheduler

上下文可转变(即变化)到停止状态。 Context may transition (i.e., change) to the stop state.

StateOP节点可包括Start(开始)子节点、Stop(停止)子节点、Suspend (暂停)子节点以及Resume (继续)子节点。 StateOP node may include Start (start) child node, Stop (stop) the child nodes, Suspend (pause) sub-node and Resume (continued) child nodes. 很明显,可使用其他类型的附加或另选节点。 Obviously, other types may be used or alternatively additional nodes. 下面详细描述这些子节点: The following detailed description of these child nodes:

<table>table see original document page 11</column></row> <table>利用每个子节点,可实现(指定或进行)对调度上下文的状态的控 <Table> table see original document page 11 </ column> </ row> <table> with each child node, may be implemented (or specify) the state of control of the scheduling context

制。 system. 换句话说,如果在(或为了)特定子节点从服务器(100)接收到了执行(Exec)命令(或其他类型的命令),则终端(200)执行Exec命令, 以使得调度上下文转变(改变)到与接收到Exec命令的特定子节点相对应的状态。 In other words, if the (or to) a particular sub-node receives from the server (100) to execute (Exec) command (or other type of command), the terminal (200) Exec command is executed, so that the scheduling context transition (change) to a particular child node received Exec command corresponding to a state.

这样,当调度上下文根据StateOP节点而改变其状态时,这种改变后的状态随后可反映在调度上下文的State节点中。 Thus, when the scheduling context changes its state according to StateOP node, then the state after the change may be reflected in the scheduling context in the State node.

调度成分可包括以下一项或多项:表示DM命令的Task节点、指定执行DM命令的条件(或环境)的Condition节点、指定与用户的交互的UI节点、指定是否应将执行DM命令后的结果报告给(或通知给)服务器的Gating节点、表示是否应向服务器报告(或通知)终端的状态的Event 节点,表示调度成分的当前状态(或情况)的State节点,以及指示(或通知)调度成分的初始状态的InitState (初始状态)节点。 Scheduling component may include one or more of: said after the Task node DM command, specify the DM command execution conditions (or environment) Condition node, the node designated UI interaction with the user, and specifies whether execution of the DM command results reported to (or notifies) Gating server nodes, node status indicates whether the Event server should report (or notification) of the terminal, the scheduling component represents the current state (or condition) of the state node, and an indication (or notification) the InitState (initial state) in the initial state node scheduling component. 很明显,可使用其他类型的附加或另选节点。 Obviously, other types may be used or alternatively additional nodes.

在此,DM命令包括在消息中。 Here, DM command included in the message. 因此,Task节点可指定包括DM命 Thus, Task node may include a specified command DM

令的消息。 Make news. 同时,如上所述,Task节点、Cond节点、User Interaction节点、Gating节点,以及Event节点包括在调度成分中。 Meanwhile, as described above, the Task nodes, Cond node, User Interaction node, Gating node, and the node comprises scheduling Event component. 但是,应注意的是如图3所示,这些元素可直接包括在调度上下文中。 However, it should be noted that as shown in FIG. 3, these elements may include directly in the scheduling context.

可由State节点表示的调度成分的状态可根据调度上下文的状态而改变。 State status schedule component may be represented by a node may vary according to the state of the scheduling context. 艮口,如果在Running状态下开始调度上下文,则可以根据由InitState 节点表示的初始状态来使能调度成分。 Gen port, if the start scheduling context in Running state, the scheduling component can be enabled based on the initial state represented by InitState node. 并且,当调度上下文为Stopped 状态时,调度成分可变为禁能状态。 And, when the scheduling context is Stopped state, the scheduling component can be changed to the disabled state. 当调度上下文为Suspended状态时, 可维持该调度成分。 When scheduling context to the Suspended state, the scheduling component can be maintained. 此后,当调度上下文继续时,调度成分可返回其Suspended状态。 Thereafter, when the scheduling context continues, the scheduling component can be returned to its Suspended state. 同时, 一个调度成分的状态还可由于另一调度成分而改变。 At the same time, a schedule component status schedule component may also be changed since the other. 即,所述至少一个或更多个调度的第一调度成分在活动时可使所述至少一个或更多个调度的第二调度成分不活动。 That is, at least one or more first schedule component can schedule the at least one second or more schedulers schedule component is inactive when the activity. 这可称为调度成分的彼此作用。 This may be referred to as scheduling components interact with each other.

在由于来自DM服务器(100)的命令而安装调度上下文之前,如果需要,调度上下文安装模块(211)可以选择性地检査调度上下文的有效 Since from the DM server before the (100) mounted scheduling context command, if necessary, scheduling context installation module (211) may selectively check the validity of the scheduling context

性(或真实性)。 (Or authenticity).

条件匹配模块(212)是一种监控或检査调度成分中是否存在执行的条件匹配的单元(即,部分、元素等,或其组合),并且当执行的条件匹配时,可向DM命令执行模块(213)发送执行与这些条件相对应的DM 命令的请求。 Condition matching module (212) is whether unit (i.e., part, element or the like, or combinations thereof) matching the conditional execution monitoring or checking the presence of one scheduling component, and when a condition matching performed, the DM command can be executed module (213) transmits an execution request with the conditions corresponding to the DM command. 在此,执行DM命令的条件可以是基于定时器的、基于陷阱的,或基于阈值的。 Here, the DM command execution conditions can be based, trap, or threshold-based timer. 也可使用附加或另选的条件基础。 Additional conditions may also be used or alternatively a base.

基于阈值的步骤指定了终端(200)内的特定管理实体的值是否达到了预先设定的阈值。 Threshold step based on the designated terminal (200) a particular value in the management entity has reached a threshold value set in advance. 因此,执行上述步骤的条件匹配模块(212)监控(或检查)特定管理实体的值,将其与阈值进行比较,当达到阈值时可向DM 命令执行模块(213)发出执行DM命令的请求。 Thus, the condition matching module performs the above steps (212) to monitor (or check) value of the particular management entity, it is compared with a threshold value, and when a threshold is reached may be implemented with modules to the DM command (213) requesting execution DM command.

在执行上述步骤的条件匹配模块(212)中存在一个或更多个的调度成分(即,已经被调度的设备管理功能或步骤),并且如果每个调度成分都包含相对于同一特定管理实体的执行基于阈值的步骤的条件,执行基于阈值的步骤的条件可相对于该特定管理实体彼此作用,也可受到监控。 The presence of one or more of the schedule component (i.e., the device management functions or steps, has been scheduled) in the condition of the above steps matching module (212), and if each scheduling component contains the same with respect to particular management entity step execution conditions based on threshold value, the step is performed based on a threshold condition with respect to the particular managed entity interact with each other, it can be monitored.

例如,我们假设第一调度成分(即已被调度的设备管理)和第二调 For example, we assume that a first schedule component (ie the scheduled device management) and a second transfer

度成分(即已被调度的设备管理)分别存在于调度上下文中。 Of the component (ie the scheduled device management) are present in the scheduling context. 并且,我 And I

们假设第一调度成分包括第一DM命令和相对于特定管理实体执行第一基于阈值的步骤的条件,第二调度成分包括第二DM命令和相对于同一特定管理实体的执行第二基于阈值的步骤的条件。 They assumed that the first component comprises a first scheduling DM command and the condition of step a first phase based on a specific threshold value for a management entity, the second component comprises a second scheduling DM command and perform the same particular phase of the second management entity for the threshold-based conditions steps. 如果是这样,则当特定管理实体的值满足执行第一基于阈值的步骤的条件时,条件匹配模块 If so, when the value of a particular management entity based on the step of performing a first satisfies the threshold condition, the condition matching module

(212)请求DM命令执行模块(213)执行第一DM命令。 (212) requests the DM command executing module (213) performs a first DM command. 并且,当特定管理实体的值满足执行第二基于阈值的步骤的条件时,条件匹配模块 And, when the value satisfies a specific management entity performs a second threshold step based on a condition, the condition matching module

(212)请求DM命令执行模块(213)执行第二DM命令。 (212) requests the DM command executing module (213) performs a second DM command.

同时,为了监控执行上述步骤的条件,可能需要条件匹配模块(212) 执行命令的附加要求。 Meanwhile, in order to monitor the condition of the above steps you may need to condition matching module (212) required to perform additional command. 即,为了使条件匹配模块(212)执行命令,调度上下文可包括指示如何监控执行条件的条款(item)。 That is, to the condition matching module (212) Run, indicating how the scheduling context may comprise monitoring execution conditions terms (item). 并且,调度上下文可包括对于条件匹配模块的请求(212)(来执行命令),该请求表示应该以特定时间间隔还是随机地监控哪些测量值或变量。 Further, the scheduling context may comprise a request (212) (to Run) condition matching module, the request should be expressed at certain time intervals or random variable which measured values ​​or monitor.

DM命令执行模块(213)是一种如果存在执行DM命令的条件匹配时与DM使能器(220)协作以执行DM命令的单元(g卩,部分、元素等, 或其组合)。 DM command executing module (213) if the unit is a (g Jie, part, element or the like, or combinations thereof) with the DM enabler when the DM command execution conditions to match (220) cooperate to execute the DM command is present. 换句话说,DM命令执行模块(213)向DM使能器(220) 发送DM命令,并从DM使能器(220)接收通过执行DM命令而获得的结果。 In other words, the DM command executing module (213) to the DM enabler (220) sends a DM command from the DM enabler and (220) receiving the result obtained by executing the DM command.

在执行DM命令时,选通模块(214)是一种确定是否应该将出现的执行结果或终端(200)的状态报告给DM服务器(100)的单元(即, 部分、元素等,或其组合)。 When executing the DM command, the gating module (214) is a state of the terminal or the execution result (200) to determine whether the report should appear to the DM server (100) unit (i.e., part, element or the like, or combinations thereof ). 如上所述,选通模块(214)可根据Gating 节点来确定是否报告执行命令的结果。 As described above, the gating module (214) may determine whether to report the results to execution command Gating node. 另选的是,选通模块(214)可基于Event节点来确定是否报告状态。 Alternatively, the gating module (214) may determine whether to report on the status Event node.

状态报告模块(215)是一种向DM服务器(100)报告终端(200) 的状态或执行结果的单元。 Status reporting module (215) is a state (100) reports the terminal (200) or the execution result to the DM server unit. 如上所述,当调度上下文的状态或调度成分的状态发生变化时,状态报告模块(215)可向DM服务器(100)进行报告。 As described above, when the state or the scheduling context state changes the schedule component, status reporting module (215) may be reported to the DM server (100). 并且,作为执行DM命令的结果,如果认为需要由选通模块(214) 进行报告,则状态报告模块(215)利用DM命令执行结果(即,Status (状态)消息、Result (结果)消息或Alert (报警)消息)来生成可向DM服务器(100)发送的报告消息。 And, as a result of executing the DM command, if deemed necessary be reported by the gating module (214), then the status reporting module (215) using a DM command execution result (i.e., the Status (Status) message, the Result (result) message or Alert (alert) message) to generate a report message may be sent to the DM server (100). 在此,可利用通用报警消息或其他类型的消息或者指示将报告消息或终端(200)的状态发送给DM服务器(100)。 Here, general alarm message may be utilized other type of message or indication or report message or the terminal (200) being transmitted to the DM server (100).

DM使能客户机(220)是一种与命令执行模块(214)协作以执行DM命令的单元。 DM enabler client (220) is a unit for command execution module (214) cooperate to execute the DM command. 更具体来讲,DM使能客户机(220)执行从命令执行模块(214)接收到的DM命令,然后将其结果返回(即,报告)给命令执行模块(214)。 More specifically, DM enabled client (220) receives the DM command from the command execution execution module (214) to then return the result (i.e., report) to the command execution module (214).

至此,已经针对具有调度上下文管理模块(111)和状态报告处理模块(112)的DM服务器(100),以及具有DM调度使能器(210)(包括调度上下文安装模块(211)、条件匹配模块(212)、 DM命令执行模块(213)、选通模块(214)以及状态报告模块(215))的终端(200),以及DM使能器(220)描述了本发明的DM系统的构成元素。 So far, it has been for having a scheduling context management module (111) and the status report processing module (112) of the DM server (100), and a DM scheduling enabler (210) (including the scheduling context installation module (211), the condition matching module (212), DM command executing module (213), the gating module of the terminal (200) (214) and a status reporting module (215)), and DM enabler (220) described constituent elements DM system according to the present invention. . 然而,这些元素也可通过处理器(未示出)、网络接口(未示出)以及存储设备(未示出)的任意组合来实现。 However, these elements may also be (not shown) by a processor, any combination thereof (not shown) of a network interface (not shown) and a storage device to achieve.

根据本发明的方法的特征 According to a feature of the method of the present invention.

下面将参照图4和图5来描述本发明的DM系统的操作。 The following operation 4 and 5, the present invention will be described with reference to FIG DM system. 应理解的是,尽管图4和图5没有详细描绘全部元素的细节,但是每个步骤都可由上述的DM服务器(100)和终端(200)中的各个元素来执行。 It should be understood that although FIGS. 4 and 5 do not depict all details of the elements, but each step may be executed by the DM Server (100) and the terminal (200) of each element.

图4是示出根据本发明的调度上下文安装步骤的流程图,图5是示出根据本发明的执行调度设备管理的方法的流程图。 FIG 4 is a flowchart showing mounting step according to the scheduling context of the invention, FIG 5 is a flowchart illustrating a method for performing scheduling management apparatus according to the present invention.

如图4中所示,在本发明的安装步骤中,DM服务器(100)建立与DM使能器(220)的DM会话(或一些其他类型的通信链路),并且安装该调度上下文。 As shown in FIG. 4, in the mounting step of the present invention, DM server (100) establishing a DM session with the DM enabler (220) (or some other type of communication link), and install the scheduling context.

下面将详细描述本发明的示范性调度上下文安装步骤。 It will be described below in detail exemplary scheduling context of the invention the installation step.

1 ) DM服务器(100)(具体来讲,是它的调度上下文管理模块(111)) 生成(或创建)调度上下文。 1) DM server (100) (specifically, it is a scheduling context management module (111)) to generate (or create) scheduling context.

2) DM服务器(100)建立与终端(200)的DM会话,并利用DM 协议(或其他合适的通信协议)向终端(200)的DM调度使能客户机(210) 递送安装所生成的调度上下文的请求(或指令)。 2) DM server (100) established with the terminal (200) DM session, using the DM protocol (or other suitable communication protocol) DM scheduling to the terminal (200) enabled client (210) to deliver mounted to the generated schedule context request (or instruction). 在此,请求可通过DM Here, the request by DM

使能器(220)递送至DM调度使能客户机(210)。 Enabler (220) to a DM scheduling enabled client (210).

3) 终端(200)的DM调度使能客户机(210)(具体来讲,是它的调度上下文安装模块(211))检査调度上下文的有效性。 3) the terminal (200) of the DM scheduling enabled client (210) (specifically, it is a scheduling context installation module (211)) to check the validity of the scheduling context.

4) 有效性检查完成后,终端(200)的DM调度使能器(210)(具体来讲,是它的调度上下文安装模块(211))将该调度上下文安装在终端(200)的DM树(或其他类型的分级结构或逻辑格式)中。 4) After the validity check, the terminal (200) of the DM scheduling enabler (210) (specifically, it is a scheduling context installation module (211)) mounted on the DM scheduling context tree terminal (200) (or other type of hierarchy or logical form). 在此,图2示出了如上所述的DM树的例子。 Here, FIG. 2 shows an example of the DM tree is as described above.

5) 完成安装时,终端(200)的DM调度使能器(210)(具体来讲, 是它的调度上下文安装模块(211))将调度上下文安装的结报告给DM 服务器(100)。 5) Upon completion of the installation, the terminal (200) of the DM scheduling enabler (210) (specifically, it is a scheduling context installation module (211)) will be installed scheduling context to the DM server reports junction (100).

下面将参照图5来描述本发明的示范性调度成分处理方法。 5 below with reference to an exemplary schedule component processing method of the present invention described in FIG.

1) DM调度使能器(210)(具体来讲,是它的条件匹配模块(212)) 检查DM树中代表调度上下文安装的条件节点,并监控是否存在与其执行条件的匹配。 . 1) DM scheduling enabler (210) (specifically, it is a condition matching module (212)) Condition node checks the DM tree representing scheduling context installed to monitor whether a match exists and its execution condition. 在此,这种条件可以是基于定时器的、基于陷阱的,或基于阈值的。 Here, this condition may be based on a timer, the trap-based, or based on a threshold value. 还可使用其他附加或另选的条件。 Also other additional or alternative conditions.

2) 根据这种监控,如果确认存在执行条件的匹配,则DM调度使能器(210)(具体来讲,是它的DM命令执行模块(213))与DM使能器 2) According to such monitoring, if it is confirmed the presence of the matching condition performed, the DM scheduling enabler (210) (specifically, it is a DM command executing module (213)) with the DM enabler

(220)协作以执行DM命令。 (220) cooperate to execute the DM command.

3) 当完成DM命令的执行时,DM调度使能器(210)(具体来讲, 是它的选通模块(214))确定是否将命令执行的结果发送给DM服务器 3) Upon completion of the execution of the DM command, DM scheduling enabler (210) (specifically, its gating module (214)) to determine whether the results of execution of the command is transmitted to the DM server

(100)。 (100).

4) 根据这种确定,DM调度使能器(210)(具体来讲,是它的状态报告模块(215))将执行结果或终端(200)的状态报告给DM服务器(100)。 4) According to this determination, DM scheduling enabler (210) (specifically, its status reporting module (215)) to report the status or results of execution terminal (200) to the DM server (100). 即,对执行结果的报告可通知DM服务器(100) DM命令是否得到了适当地执行,或发生错误的原因。 That is, the results of the report whether the server can inform the DM (100) DM command has been properly executed, or the cause of the error occurred. 此报告步骤可利用执行结果来创建报告消息(或一些其他类型的指示),随后可发送给DM服务器(100)。 This step may utilize an execution result report to create a report message (or some other type of indication), it may then be sent to the DM server (100).

5) 接收到状态报告时,DM服务器(100)(具体来讲,是它的状态报告处理模块(120))对接收到的状态报告进行解析(或其他处理)。 5) When receiving the status report, the DM server (100) (specifically, it is the status report processing module (120)) received state reports parse (or other processing).

图6示出了进行基于阈值的设备管理的示范性方法,图7示出了进 FIG 6 illustrates an exemplary method of managing apparatus based on a threshold value, FIG. 7 shows a feed

行基于陷阱的设备管理的示范性方法。 Based exemplary method trap line management apparatus.

如图6所示,调度上下文可包括两个调度成分。 6, the scheduling context may comprise two schedule component. 更详细来讲,如果特定管理实体的值,例如,如果当具有稳定吞吐量的无线接口实体的阈值超过l,则调度上下文的第一调度成分(即,受调度的设备管理)允许 More detail, if the value of the particular management entity, e.g., when the threshold value if the radio interface entity having a stable throughput exceeds L, the first scheduling context scheduler component (i.e., the scheduled device management) allows

执行将变量"foo"变为"bar"的DM命令。 The implementation of the variable "foo" into a "bar" of DM command. 并且,如果特定管理实体的值变回稳定状态,则调度上下文的第二调度成分允许执行将变量"bar" 变为"foo"的DM命令。 And, if the value of the particular management entity back to the steady state, the second scheduling component will allow execution context variable "bar" becomes "foo" DM command. 并且,由于假设,第一和第二调度成分可忽略特定无线接口的吞吐量超出阈值1但接着落回阈值1以下的情况,如果这种差距被认为相对较小(即,如果落在假设(允许)范围内)的话。 Further, since it is assumed, the first and second component may be negligible schedule certain specific radio interface exceeds a threshold 1 but then falls back below the threshold of the case 1, if this gap is considered to be relatively small (i.e., if the fall is assumed ( allowed) in the range of) it. 这是为了排除噪声(或其他干扰)引起的系统不稳定的原因。 This is the reason the system in order to exclude noise (or other interference) caused by unstable. 下面将描述第一和第二成分的示范性执行步骤。 The following exemplary steps performed first and second components will be described.

(1) 第一成分和第二成分从初始状态变到活动(或使能)状态并被执行。 (1) the first and second components from the initial state to the active (or enabled) state and executed.

(2) 如果特定无线电(无线)接口设备的吞吐量超过阈值l,则执行第一调度成分的DM命令。 (2) If a certain particular radio (wireless) interface device exceeds the threshold value l, DM command is executed first schedule component.

(3) 执行了该DM命令后,变量"foo"变为"bar",第一调度成分变为非活动(或禁能),并且执行第二调度成份。 (3) execute the DM command, the variable "foo" becomes "bar", the first schedule component becomes inactive (or disabled), and performing second scheduling component.

(4) 如果特定无线电(无线)接口设备的吞吐量降低到阈值2以下, 则执行第二调度成分的DM命令。 (4) If a certain particular radio interface device (wireless) 2 is reduced to a threshold value or less, DM scheduling component of the second command is executed.

(5) 执行该DM命令后,变量"bar"变为"foo",第二调度成分变为非活动(或禁能),并且执行第一调度成分。 (5) After the execution of the DM command, the variable "bar" becomes "foo", the second schedule component becomes inactive (or disabled), and performs the scheduling of the first component.

图7示出了包括两个调度成分的调度上下文(即,受调度的设备管理)。 Figure 7 shows a scheduling context including two schedule component (i.e., the scheduled device management). 更详细来讲,调度上下文的第一调度成分允许在发生事件1时将终端操作模式设定为紧急模式,并执行第二调度成分。 More detail, the scheduling context in the first occurrence of an event schedule component allows the terminal 1:00 operation mode is set to the emergency mode, and executes the second schedule component. 调度上下文的第二调度成分周期性地检查是否存在异常状态,如果移除了(或解决了)异常状态,则允许终端从紧急模式返回其正常模式。 The second component of the scheduling context scheduler periodically checks whether there is an abnormal state, if removed (or solve) the abnormal state, the terminal is allowed to return to its normal mode from the emergency mode.

第一和第二调度成分的示范性执行步骤如下所述。 Exemplary first and second step follows the scheduling component.

(1)当安装调度上下文时,第二成分从其初始状态变为非活动(或禁能)状态,第一调度成分从其初始状态变为活动或使能状态并被执行。 (1) When installing the scheduling context, a second component from its initial state to an inactive (or disable) state, the first schedule component from its initial state to active or enable state and executed.

(2)当发生特定事件l时,执行第一调度成分的DM命令。 (2) when a specific event occurs l, execute the DM command of the first schedule component. G)执行DM命令后,终端操作模式变为紧急模式,第一调度成分变为非活动(或禁能),而第二调度成分变为活动(或使能)。 G) Post execute the DM command, the terminal operating mode to the emergency mode, the first schedule component becomes inactive (or disabled), and the second schedule component becomes active (or enabled).

(4) 当第二调度成分变为活动状态并被执行时,第二调度成分检査终端的状态是否正常,此处检查是以周期方式(例如每10分钟)进行的。 (4) When the second schedule component becomes active and executed, the terminal checks the state of the second schedule component is normal, where check is periodic manner (e.g., every 10 minutes) a.

(5) 进行这种周期性检査时,如果发现终端的状态为正常,则执行第二成分的DM命令。 (5) in such a periodic check, if it is found in the normal state of the terminal, a second component of the DM command is executed.

(6) 当执行DM命令时,终端操作模式从紧急状态变为正常状态, 第二调度成分被禁能,并且第一调度成分被使能。 (6) When executing the DM command, the terminal to normal operating mode from a state of emergency, a second schedule component is disabled, and the first schedule component is enabled.

本发明的方法可实现为软件、硬件,或其任意组合。 The method of the present invention may be implemented as software, hardware, or any combination thereof. 例如,本发明的方法可实现为存储于存储介质(例如终端的内部存储器、闪存、硬盘等)中并由处理器(例如终端中的微处理器)执行的软件程序中的代码或指令。 For example, the method of the present invention may be implemented as instructions stored in a storage medium (e.g., internal memory of the terminal, a flash memory, a hard disk, etc.) by a processor (e.g., a microprocessor in the terminal) in a software program executing code or instructions.

为了达到本发明的效果,通过向终端(提前)提供要在终端中执行的DM命令和执行这些DM命令的条件(包括于调度上下文中),并且使终端根据这些条件来执行这些DM命令,结果将是无论何时终端向DM 服务器请求DM命令,终端都将这些命令识别为好像是立即从DM服务器提供的。 To achieve the effect of the present invention, by providing a DM command to be executed in the terminal and conditional execution of these DM command (included in the scheduling context), and the terminal performs the DM command under these conditions to the terminal (in advance), the results the terminal is requested whenever DM command to the DM server, the terminal will recognize as if the commands are immediately supplied from the DM server.

并且,由于本发明允许根据特定阈值来执行DM命令,所以能够有效地防止(或至少最小化)可出现在终端中的错误。 Further, since the present invention allows to execute the DM command in accordance with a certain threshold, it is possible to effectively prevent the erroneous (or minimize at least) may be present in the terminal.

另外,通过在调度上下文中包括一个或更多个基于阈值的调度成分, 并允许根据特定阈值以交替方式分别执行调度成分,可按照更系统的方式来执行DM命令,由此更有效地进行处理。 Further, by including one or more threshold-based scheduling component in the scheduling context, and allow an alternating manner perform scheduling component separately according to a certain threshold value, may be performed DM command in a more systematic manner, thereby more effectively treated .

应理解的是,本发明的特征和概念涉及由某些相应标准组织掌控的各种设备管理(DM)标准。 It should be understood that the features and concepts of the present invention relates to certain controlled by the appropriate standards organization of device management (DM) standard. 因此,此处指定的各种相应标准和/或概念也是本发明的一部分。 Thus, various specified here corresponding standards and / or concepts are also part of the invention.

尽管本发明指定了涉及设备管理(DM)的命令、节点、子节点等的各种名称,但是可清楚理解的是这些名称和标签仅是示范性的。 Although the present invention relates to a device management command specifies (DM), the various names of the nodes, child nodes, etc., it is clearly understood that the names and labels merely exemplary. 本发明的特征并不因此受到限制,因为可使用其他等价的名称或标签,只要它 Feature of the present invention are not so limited, other equivalent may be used as names or labels, so long as it

们指代相同或等价的功能和/或特征即可。 They refer to the same or equivalent functions and / or features can be.

本发明中任何对"一个实施方式"、"实施方式"、"示例性实施方式" 等的引用都是指本发明的至少一个实施方式中包括了结合该实施方式描述的特定特征、结构或特性。 In the present invention, any of the "one embodiment", "an embodiment", "an example embodiment", etc., refer to at least one embodiment of the present invention includes the particular feature described in connection with the embodiment described embodiment, structure, or characteristic . 本发明中出现的此类词语并不一定指相同的实施方式。 Such words appearing in the present invention are not necessarily referring to the same embodiment. 此外,当结合任何实施方式描述特定特征、结构或特性时, 假定本领域技术人员能结合其他实施方式实现这些特征、结构或特性。 Further, when the embodiment described in connection with any particular feature, structure, or characteristic is assumed that those skilled in combination with other embodiments to effect such feature, structure, or characteristic.

尽管结合示例性实施方式描述了本发明,但是应理解的是可由本领域技术人员设计出落入本发明的原理的范围的多个其他修改和实施方式。 While the embodiment described in conjunction with exemplary embodiments of the present invention, it should be understood by those skilled in the art fall within the scope of the design of a plurality of the principles of the present invention, other modifications and embodiments. 更具体来讲,在本公开、附图和所附的权利要求的范围内,组成部分和/或对象组合排列的排列可存在各种变化和修改。 More specifically, within the scope of the present disclosure, the drawings and the appended claims, the arrangement consisting of parts and / or the subject combination arrangement may be various changes and modifications. 除了组成部分和/ 或排列的变化和修改之外,本领域技术人员容易想过另选的应用方式。 In addition to the component parts and / or arrangement of variations and modifications, those skilled in the art will readily thought alternative application mode.

Claims (29)

1.一种终端,该终端包括:第一模块,适于在从服务器接收后安装至少一个或更多个调度上下文,每个调度上下文都包括通用信息并包括至少一个受调度的设备管理,其中该通用信息包括表示该调度上下文的当前状态的第一节点和涉及控制该调度上下文的状态的第二节点;以及第二模块,适于根据第一模块所安装的调度上下文来执行受调度的设备管理。 A terminal, the terminal comprising: a first module, adapted for mounting at least one or more upon receiving scheduling context from the server, each of the scheduling context includes general information including at least one scheduled device management, wherein the general information includes information indicating the current state of the scheduling context and to the state of the first node controlling the scheduling context of the second node; and a second module, adapted to perform the scheduled device according to a first module installed scheduling context management.
2、 根据权利要求1所述的终端,其中该调度上下文是以用于进行调度设备管理的设备管理树的形式安装的,该设备管理树具有分级关系的节点和子节点。 2, the terminal according to claim 1, wherein the scheduling context in the form of device management tree for a mounting device management schedule, the device management tree having nodes and child nodes of the hierarchical relation.
3、 根据权利要求1所述的终端,其中该通用信息还包括以下至少一项:该调度上下文的标识符; 该调度上下文的名称; 该调度上下文的相应服务器;以及该调度上下文的有效期。 3, the terminal according to claim 1, wherein the general information further comprises at least one of: the identifier of the scheduling context; name of the scheduling context; scheduling context of the respective server; and a validity period of the scheduling context.
4、 根据权利要求3所述的终端,其中如果该调度上下文的有效期届满,则自动删除该调度上下文。 4. The terminal of claim 3, wherein if the validity period of the scheduling context has expired is automatically deleted scheduling context.
5、 根据权利要求1所述的终端,其中该调度上下文的状态是停止、 运行和暂停之一。 5. The terminal of claim 1, wherein the scheduling context is frozen, and one of the pause operation.
6、 根据权利要求1所述的终端,其中在安装该调度上下文时,该调度上下文处于停止状态。 6. The terminal of claim 1, wherein when installing the scheduling context, the scheduling context in the stopped state.
7、 根据权利要求1所述的终端,其中如果在进行受调度的设备管理时发生了错误,如果受调度的设备管理完成了,或者如果在由于来自该服务器或用户的请求而进行修改或删除之前,该调度上下文转变到停止状态。 7. The terminal of claim 1, wherein if an error occurs during the scheduled device management, and if the scheduled device management is completed, or if the modification due to the request from the server or a user or delete prior to the transition to the stop state scheduling context.
8、 根据权利要求1所述的终端,其中该调度上下文的状态可由用户进行转变。 8. The terminal of claim 1, wherein the scheduling performed by the user context state transition.
9、 根据权利要求l所述的终端,其中第二节点包括使能节点和禁能节点中的至少一个。 9. The terminal as claimed in claim l, wherein the second node comprises a node enable and disable at least one of the nodes.
10、 根据权利要求1所述的终端,其中第二节点包括开始节点、停止节点、暂停节点以及继续节点中的至少一个。 10. The terminal of claim 1, wherein the second node comprises a start node, the node stop, pause and resume node node at least one.
11、 根据权利要求10所述的终端,其中该开始节点、停止节点、暂停节点以及继续节点是由执行命令触发的。 11. The terminal of claim 10, wherein the start node, the node stop, pause and resume node by node execution command triggered.
12、 根据权利要求1所述的终端,其中如果所安装的调度上下文存在状态转变,则第一模块向该服务器发送消息。 12. The terminal of claim 1, wherein if the scheduling context installed state transition is present, the module sends a first message to the server.
13、 根据权利要求1所述的终端,其中该调度上下文还包括以下至少一项:指定与用户的交互的用户交互节点;指定是否应向该服务器报告执行设备管理命令的结果的选通节点; 以及指示是否应向该服务器报告该终端的状态或该终端中要发生的事件的事件节点;所述受调度的设备管理包括具有至少一个设备管理命令的消息,并包括执行该命令的条件。 13. The terminal of claim 1, wherein the scheduling context further comprises at least one of: a user interaction with a user specified node interaction; specifies whether the gate node of the server should report the results of the device management command; and indicating whether the server should report the status of the terminal node event or events to occur in the terminal; the scheduled device management message comprises at least one device having a management command, and executing the command comprises receiving condition.
14、 根据权利要求1所述的终端,其中所述至少一个或更多个调度上下文可彼此相互作用。 14. The terminal of claim 1, wherein the at least one or more scheduling context may interact with each other.
15、 根据权利要求14所述的终端,其中如果第二模块开始所述至少一个或更多个调度上下文的第一调度上下文,则第二模块停止所述至少一个或更多个调度上下文的第二调度上下文。 15. The terminal of claim 14, wherein the first scheduling context if said at least one second module starts or more scheduling context, the second module is stopped at least one or more of the scheduling context two scheduling context.
16、 一种服务器,该服务器包括:设备管理调度使能器,适于生成至少一个或更多个调度上下文,每个调度上下文都包括通用信息和至少一个或更多个受调度的设备管理, 并适于请求终端安装所述至少一个或更多个调度上下文,从而使受调度的设备管理在该终端中进行,其中该通用信息包括表示该调度上下文的状态的第一节点以及涉及控制该调度上下文的状态的第二节点。 16. A server, the server comprising: a device management scheduling enabler adapted to generate at least one or more scheduling context, each scheduling context includes general information management apparatus and at least one or more of the scheduled, and requesting terminal adapted for mounting at least one or more scheduling context, so that the scheduled device management is performed in the terminal, wherein the common information includes information representing a state of the first node and to the scheduling context controlling the scheduling context state of the second node.
17、 根据权利要求16所述的服务器,其中第二节点包括使能节点和禁能节点中的至少一个。 17. The server of claim 16, wherein the second node comprises a node enable and disable at least one of the nodes.
18、 根据权利要求16所述的服务器,其中第二节点包括开始节点、 停止节点、暂停节点以及继续节点中的至少一个。 18. The server of claim 16, wherein the second node comprises a start node, the node stop, pause and resume node node at least one.
19、 根据权利要求16所述的服务器,其中该执行命令被发送到该开始节点、停止节点、暂停节点以及继续节点中的至少一个,以转变该终端中的调度上下文的状态。 19. The server according to claim 16, wherein the execution command is transmitted to the starting node, the node stop, pause and resume node in the node at least one transition state of the terminal in the scheduling context.
20、 根据权利要求19所述的服务器,其中该服务器可从该终端接收调度上下文的状态转变的结果,或该终端中要发生的事件。 20. The server of claim 19, wherein the result of the event server may receive the scheduling context from the terminal state transition, or the terminal to occur.
21、 一种在终端处进行受调度的设备管理的方法,该方法包括以下步骤:接收安装调度上下文的请求,该调度上下文包括通用信息和受调度的设备管理,其中该通用信息包括表示该调度上下文的状态的第一节点以及涉及控制该调度上下文的状态的第二节点;根据接收到的请求来安装该调度上下文;以及根据所安装的调度上下文来执行受调度的设备管理。 21. A method performed by the device management schedule at the terminal, the method comprising the steps of: receiving a request to install the scheduling context, the device management scheduling context including the scheduled and general information, wherein the common information includes information indicating the scheduling state of the context of the first node and a second node relates to the control of the state of the scheduling context; according to the received request to install the scheduling context; and executing the scheduled device management in accordance with the scheduling context is installed.
22、 根据权利要求21所述的方法,该方法还包括以下步骤: 如果在进行受调度的设备管理时发生了错误,如果受调度的设备管理完成了,或者如果由于来自该服务器或用户的请求而进行修改或删除前,则停止该调度上下文。 22. The method of claim 21, the method further comprising the step of: if an error occurred during the scheduled device management, if the scheduled device management completed, or if due from the user's request or the server the former modify or delete it, then stop the scheduling context.
23、 根据权利要求21所述的方法,该方法还包括以下步骤: 如果所安装的调度上下文存在状态转变,或者如果该终端中发生了特定事件,则向该服务器发送消息。 23. The method of claim 21, the method further comprising the step of: if the installed state transition scheduling context exists, or if a specific event occurs in the terminal, a message is sent to the server.
24、 根据权利要求21所述的方法,其中该执行步骤包括: 开始所述至少一个或更多个调度上下文的第一调度上下文;以及根据第一调度上下文进行受调度的设备管理。 24. The method of claim 21, wherein the executing step comprises: initiating the first scheduling context of at least one or more of the scheduling context; and the scheduled device management according to a first scheduling context.
25、 根据权利要求24所述的方法,其中响应于所述至少一个或更多个调度上下文的第一调度上下文的开始,停止所述至少一个或更多个调度上下文的第二调度上下文。 25. The method of claim 24, wherein in response to the start of the first scheduling at least one or more scheduling context context, stopping at least one or more second scheduling context scheduling context.
26、 根据权利要求21所述的方法,其中该执行步骤还包括: 开始该调度上下文;如果接收到了暂停正在运行的调度上下文的请求,则暂停该调度上下文;以及如果接收到了继续已暂停的调度上下文的请求,则继续该调度上下文。 26. The method of claim 21, wherein the executing step further comprises: the start of the scheduling context; if the received request scheduling halt a running context, then suspending the scheduling context; and if the received continuation paused scheduled context request, continuing the scheduling context.
27、 一种在终端处进行受调度的设备管理的方法,该方法包括以下步骤:从服务器接收开始子节点、停止子节点、暂停子节点以及继续子节点中任意一个中的执行命令;以及通过在接收到该执行命令的位置执行该执行命令,来开始、停止、 暂停或继续调度上下文。 27. A method for the scheduled device management in a terminal, the method comprising the steps of: receiving from a server start a child node, the child node to stop, pause, and continue to child node to any child nodes of one execution command; and by receiving the location of the execution of the execution command execution command, to start, stop, pause or resume scheduling context.
28、 根据权利要求27所述的方法,该方法还包括以下步骤: 在状态节点中反映调度上下文的当前状态。 28. The method of claim 27, the method further comprising the step of: scheduling the status reflects the current state of the node context.
29、 根据权利要求28所述的方法,其中该状态节点的状态是运行、 停止以及暂停当中的一种。 29. The method of claim 28, wherein the state of the state node is running, stopping and one among the pause.
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