CN101361454B - Plant breeding substrate and production method thereof - Google Patents

Plant breeding substrate and production method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101361454B
CN101361454B CN2008100130033A CN200810013003A CN101361454B CN 101361454 B CN101361454 B CN 101361454B CN 2008100130033 A CN2008100130033 A CN 2008100130033A CN 200810013003 A CN200810013003 A CN 200810013003A CN 101361454 B CN101361454 B CN 101361454B
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China
Prior art keywords
plant cultivation
bonding agent
wooden flakes
cultivation media
matrix
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Application number
CN2008100130033A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101361454A (en
Inventor
张建华
染谷盛久
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大连染谷绿业科技有限公司
染谷盛久
翁联喜
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Application filed by 大连染谷绿业科技有限公司, 染谷盛久, 翁联喜 filed Critical 大连染谷绿业科技有限公司
Priority to CN2008100130033A priority Critical patent/CN101361454B/en
Publication of CN101361454A publication Critical patent/CN101361454A/en
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Publication of CN101361454B publication Critical patent/CN101361454B/en

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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

The invention relates to plant cultivation. A plant cultivation substrate is made into a whole by wooden fragments, a soil conditioner and a nutrient particle body. Compared with the like products, the cultivation substrate has the advantages of light self mass, high ventilation performance and high moister retention: the invention has the best sealing environment to the plant, and does not need the technology experience of the specialists, therefore, the invention not only can realize the greening of roofs, etc., save labor force, and reduce cost, but also is in fixed base type, and can effectively avoid sealing lost and dispersion caused by heavy rain and strong wind.

Description

Plant cultivation media and method for making thereof
One, technical field:
The present invention relates to plant cultivation, particularly soilless culture substrate also relates to its method for making in addition.
Two, background technology:
Countries in the world are in order to prevent global warming now, all making great efforts to reduce emission amount of carbon dioxide, one of countermeasure wherein is exactly to increase the greening project energetically, roof greening, wall greening etc. also are one of effective methods, when on the fabrication of roof, wall etc., planting on a large scale, can use the base of planting to realize, the soil of the auxilliary last layer certain-length that the common certainly base of planting will be smooth in order to allow plant take root, because the weight of itself is brought excessive burden to building
Three, summary of the invention:
The objective of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned not enough problem, a plant cultivation matrix is provided, lightweight, the environment of planting is good, and the application place is extensive.Its method for making also is provided in addition, and method is simple, guarantees that the matrix gas permeability and the water absorbing capacity that make are strong.
The technical scheme that the present invention is adopted for achieving the above object is: plant cultivation media is integral by wooden flakes, soil conditioner, nutrient particles system.
Described wooden flakes is wooden flakes such as swarf, shavings, sawdust, flinders.
Described wooden flakes is wire or arc thin slice.
Described wooden flakes length is 4-7mm, and thickness is 0.1-0.3mm.
Described soil conditioner is porous and granular bodies such as charcoal or pottery.
Described matrix is made by following each raw material, and concrete volume ratio is: wooden flakes 84-96.45%; Bonding agent 2-4%; Soil conditioner 1-3%; Nutrient particles body 0.05-3%; Water 0.5-6%.
Described matrix is made by following each raw material, and concrete volume ratio is: wooden flakes 94.3%; Bonding agent 2.9%; Soil conditioner 1.8%; Nutrient particles body 0.09%; Water 0.91%.
The method for making of plant cultivation media of the present invention: the wooden flakes surface portion is coated bonding agent, then wooden flakes is connected by bonding agent point, integrated matrix is burnt till in heating, evenly disposes soil conditioner and nutrient particles in matrix.
Cultivation matrix of the present invention compared with similar products, has light weight own, the air capacity of soils height, the advantage that moisture capacity is high: the normal soil class is different with compactedness according to soil property, proportion the chances are 1.5-2.5, specific gravity of wood is 0.5-0.8, the proportion of cultivation matrix prepared in accordance with the present invention is 0.264-0.288, mainly be that the part that bonding agent carries out compartment on the wooden flakes surface is smeared, each wooden flakes connects by bonding agent point then, forms uniform space in the matrix, has reduced proportion greatly, realized the purpose of lightweight, and can good aeration, smear bonding agent partial storage ability height, guarantee water absorbing capacity, wherein soil conditioner and nutrient particles dispose uniformly, promote the growth of plant, more efficient use wood shavings, discarded object has obtained sufficient second use.Method for making of the present invention in addition is simple, and in agglomerating plant, each position all keeps synthermal same condition, and sintering does not form under the condition that can burn, guarantees that the wooden and conduit of wooden flakes is injury-free, guarantees the survival rate of plant.The present invention is best seal ring border to plant, does not need expert's technical experience promptly can realize greenings such as roof, saves the labour, reduces cost, and is the firm banking type, and the envelope that can effectively avoid heavy rain, high wind to cause runs off and disperses.
Four, description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the arc wood shavings part of a present invention coating adhesive structural representation.
Fig. 3 is wood shavings point connected structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a syndeton schematic diagram behind the whole coating adhesives of wood shavings.
Fig. 5 is a wood shavings part surface binder structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Five, embodiment:
Embodiment 1
Plant cultivation media as shown in Figure 1 is block plant cultivation seat 1, and raw material and volume ratio are: length is the arc thin slice swarf wooden flakes 94.3% of 5mm; Bonding agent 2.9%; Soil conditioner charcoal particle 1.8%; Nutrient particles body 0.09%; Water 0.91%, wooden flakes 2 surface portions are coated bonding agent 3, coat bonding agent after structure as shown in Figure 2, then wooden flakes is connected by bonding agent point, as shown in Figure 3, have uniform space 4, guarantee that air capacity of soils and retaining are good, if all coat bonding agent then as shown in Figure 4, air capacity of soils and retaining are slightly poor, influence plant growing, integrated matrix is burnt till in the matrix block heating after above-mentioned point is connected, and evenly disposes soil conditioner and nutrient particles in matrix.Best shape be the bottom surface less than upper surface cuboid.
Embodiment 2
Prepare plant cultivation media according to embodiment 1 described method, raw material and concrete percent by volume are: shavings length as shown in Figure 5 is the wire thin slice shavings wooden flakes 90% of 6mm; Bonding agent 2.5%; Soil conditioner porous ceramics particle 1.5%; Nutrient particles body 0.5%; Water 5.5%.
Embodiment 3
Prepare plant cultivation media according to embodiment 1 described method, raw material and concrete percent by volume are: length is the arc thin slice shavings wooden flakes 96% of 4mm; Bonding agent 2%; Soil conditioner porous ceramics particle 1.05%; Nutrient particles body 0.05%; Water 0.90%.

Claims (8)

1. plant cultivation media, it is characterized in that: matrix is made one by wooden flakes, soil conditioner, nutrient particles body, bonding agent.
2. plant cultivation media according to claim 1 is characterized in that: matrix is made by following each raw material, and concrete volume ratio is: wooden flakes 84-96.45%; Bonding agent 2-4%; Soil conditioner 1-3%; Nutrient particles body 0.05-3%; Water 0.5-6%.
3. plant cultivation media according to claim 1 is characterized in that: matrix is made by following each raw material, and concrete volume ratio is: wooden flakes 94.3%; Bonding agent 2.9%; Soil conditioner 1.8%; Nutrient particles body 0.09%; Water 0.91%.
4. according to the arbitrary described plant cultivation media of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: wooden flakes is wire or arc thin slice.
5. according to the arbitrary described plant cultivation media of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: wooden flakes length is 4-7mm, and thickness is 0.1-0.3mm.
6. according to the arbitrary described plant cultivation media of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: wooden flakes is swarf, shavings, sawdust or flinders.
7. according to the arbitrary described plant cultivation media of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: soil conditioner is the porous and granular body of charcoal or pottery.
8. the method for making of plant cultivation media is characterized in that: the wooden flakes surface portion is coated bonding agent, then wooden flakes is connected by bonding agent point, heat and burn till integrated matrix, evenly dispose soil conditioner and nutrient particles in matrix.
CN2008100130033A 2008-08-27 2008-08-27 Plant breeding substrate and production method thereof CN101361454B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008100130033A CN101361454B (en) 2008-08-27 2008-08-27 Plant breeding substrate and production method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008100130033A CN101361454B (en) 2008-08-27 2008-08-27 Plant breeding substrate and production method thereof

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CN101361454A CN101361454A (en) 2009-02-11
CN101361454B true CN101361454B (en) 2011-09-28

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103214315A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-07-24 北京林业大学 Greening matrix containing quarry mucks, animal manures, straws and charcoal powder and preparation method thereof

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102415323A (en) * 2011-09-04 2012-04-18 大连染谷绿业科技有限公司 Multifunctional organic cultivation base plate and production method thereof
CN102428847A (en) * 2011-09-04 2012-05-02 大连染谷绿业科技有限公司 Multifunctional organic plant basal disc and preparation method thereof
CN102648683A (en) * 2012-05-21 2012-08-29 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Enhanced water retention matrix for simple roof greening and using method thereof
CN103461081B (en) * 2013-08-23 2015-03-11 张金林 Plant culture medium and production method thereof
CN106518363A (en) * 2016-11-04 2017-03-22 贵州盛禾特色农产品有限公司 Pseudo-ginseng seedling cultivation medium and preparation method thereof

Citations (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1209265A (en) * 1997-08-27 1999-03-03 张建美 Plate-case type soil-free base cultivated crop and production method therefor
CN1460408A (en) * 2003-06-09 2003-12-10 中国科学院华南植物研究所 Roof greening long-acting light type matrix formula

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1209265A (en) * 1997-08-27 1999-03-03 张建美 Plate-case type soil-free base cultivated crop and production method therefor
CN1460408A (en) * 2003-06-09 2003-12-10 中国科学院华南植物研究所 Roof greening long-acting light type matrix formula

Non-Patent Citations (1)

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Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103214315A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-07-24 北京林业大学 Greening matrix containing quarry mucks, animal manures, straws and charcoal powder and preparation method thereof
CN103214315B (en) * 2013-05-09 2014-08-20 北京林业大学 Greening matrix containing quarry mucks, animal manures, straws and charcoal powder and preparation method thereof

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