CN101361429A - Harvesting and biomass fuel manufacturing combination device - Google Patents

Harvesting and biomass fuel manufacturing combination device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101361429A
CN101361429A CNA2008101982100A CN200810198210A CN101361429A CN 101361429 A CN101361429 A CN 101361429A CN A2008101982100 A CNA2008101982100 A CN A2008101982100A CN 200810198210 A CN200810198210 A CN 200810198210A CN 101361429 A CN101361429 A CN 101361429A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
biomass fuel
harvesting
combined unit
threshing
screw
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CNA2008101982100A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨奇飞
聂民
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ZHUHAI HUISHENG ENERGY SOURCE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
ZHUHAI HUISHENG ENERGY SOURCE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ZHUHAI HUISHENG ENERGY SOURCE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical ZHUHAI HUISHENG ENERGY SOURCE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CNA2008101982100A priority Critical patent/CN101361429A/en
Publication of CN101361429A publication Critical patent/CN101361429A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a combination unit for cutting and manufacturing the biomass fuel, which has low integrated cost and integrates cutting and manufacturing of the biomass fuel into a whole; the combination unit comprises a frame (1), a travelling part (2) used for driving the combination unit to proceed, a cutting table (3) used for separating the crops inside and outside the cutting areas and cutting down, a control table (4) used for carrying out all operation control to the combination unit, a conveying groove (5) used for conveying the cut crops to the threshing process and a threshing part (6) used for carrying out threshing to the cut crops and separating the impurities; the combination unit for cutting and manufacturing the biomass fuel also comprises a forming part (8) of the biomass fuel used for grinding the threshed impurities and compressing into molding; and the forming part (8) of the biomass fuel is arranged on the frame (1). The combination unit can be widely applied in the field of comprehensive utilization of straws.

Description

A kind of harvesting and biomass fuel are made combined unit
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of harvesting and biomass fuel and make combined unit.
Background technology
Biomass fuel is meant that organic agronomic crop, solid waste such as adopting rice husk, stalk, bagasse, wood chip, wood chip, sawdust, bamboo bits, bamboo silk, animal wastes are raw material, through pulverizing a kind of fuel of back pressurization, density moulding, it has bulk, multiple shape such as spherical, bar-shaped, its have volume little, than great, anti-burning, be convenient to store and advantages such as transportation.Fugitive constituent accounts for the overwhelming majority in the biomass fuel, and it can produce imflammable gas such as a large amount of methane when heating, and the imflammable gas burning can produce a large amount of heat energy.
China's stalk resource is abundant, and the agricultural crop straw annual production is about about 700,000,000 tons, is listed as first of the world, and wherein, the cereal crops stalk has accounted for 90.5% of total amount, mainly contains rice straw, wheat stalk, maize straw, cotton stalk etc.But most of stalk resource fails to obtain fully effectively to utilize.The stalk of annual results is removed 2,800 ten thousand tons of stalks being used for papermaking and as 2.13 hundred million tons of stalks of feed or feedstuff, makes fertile also field and collects 1.089 hundred million tons of loss, and can be used as the stalk total amount that the energy is used is 3.761 hundred million tons.
Along with the raising of the level of economic development, now more and more widely use grain header carries out the harvesting of crops.Combine is that a kind of its harvesting speed is fast to the grain header that crops such as cereal are gathered in, carry, separate, integration of operation is carried out in cleaning and pack etc., and once harvesting process can be finished several operations, has improved harvesting efficiency greatly.But its harvested by product such as rice husk, stalk etc. still can't further be handled, and still need manually it to be carried out to carry out other processing.As rice husk, stalk etc. is made biomass fuel, needing manually feedstock delivery also needs to take bigger memory space to other processing site, and storage, cost of transportation are all higher.At present, the device that does not also integrate harvesting and manufacturing biomass fuel function.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of integrated cost harvesting and biomass fuel low, that integrate harvesting and manufacturing biomass fuel function to make combined unit.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is: the present invention includes frame, be used to drive the running part that described combined unit is advanced, be used for to cut the ceding of Taiwan portion that the inside and outside crop in district separates and cuts down, be used for described combined unit is carried out the operation bench of operations control, the crop that is used for cutting down is transported to the delivery chute of threshing flow process, the threshing portion that the crop that is used for cutting down carries out threshing and impurity is separated, described harvesting and biomass fuel are made combined unit and are also comprised and be used for the impurity after the threshing pulverized and the biomass fuel forming portion of compression forming, and described biomass fuel forming portion is arranged on the described frame.
Described ceding of Taiwan portion comprises straw shift wheel, nearside divider, cutter, ceding of Taiwan screw feeder, described nearside divider is positioned at the dead ahead of described combined unit, described straw shift wheel is positioned at the top of described nearside divider, described cutter is positioned at the rear of described nearside divider, and the end of described ceding of Taiwan screw feeder and the feed end of described delivery chute join.
Described threshing portion comprises threshing cylinder, concave grate, vibratory sieve, recovery screw feeder, goes out the paddy screw feeder, described concave grate is positioned at the peripheral below of described threshing cylinder, described vibratory sieve be positioned at described concave grate under, describedly go out the seed shattering place that the paddy screw feeder is positioned at described vibratory sieve, described recovery screw feeder is positioned at the below of described concave grate.
Described biomass fuel forming portion comprises Material disintegrator, conveyer, the particle bucket, screw extruding propeller, shaping mould, heater, the extrusion modling motor, decelerator, the feeding mouth of described Material disintegrator is positioned at afterbody blanking place of described threshing cylinder, the two ends of described conveyer lay respectively at the discharging opening of described Material disintegrator, the charging aperture of described particle bucket, the bottom discharge mouth of described particle bucket inserts the charging aperture of described screw extruding propeller, described shaping mould is connected to the discharging opening of described screw extruding propeller, described heater is positioned at the discharging opening place of described screw extruding propeller, and described extrusion modling motor connects the main shaft of described decelerator and described screw extruding propeller successively.
Described conveyer is a screw conveyer.
Described running part is crawler type or running gear system.
Described delivery chute is a belt roller formula conveying plant.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: be used for the impurity after the threshing is pulverized the also biomass fuel forming portion of compression forming owing to the present invention includes, described biomass fuel forming portion is arranged on the described frame, by product behind the crop harvesting such as rice husk, stalks etc. can be delivered directly to biomass fuel forming portion, by fragmentation, extrusion modling directly makes biomass fuel, avoided manually it being transported to the trouble that handle in the place, saved cost of transportation, the place that does not need simultaneously extra storage waste material, saved memory space, and in harvesting, directly make biomass fuel, improved production efficiency greatly, crop harvesting and twice laid are carried out simultaneously, overall availability to crops improves greatly, so integrated cost of the present invention is low, integrate harvesting and make the biomass fuel function.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of biomass fuel forming of the present invention portion.
Embodiment
As Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, the present invention includes frame 1, be used to drive the running part 2 that described combined unit is advanced, be used for to cut the ceding of Taiwan portion 3 that the inside and outside crop in district separates and cuts down, be used for described combined unit is carried out the operation bench 4 of operations control, the crop that is used for cutting down is transported to the delivery chute 5 of threshing flow process, the threshing portion 6 that the crop that is used for cutting down carries out threshing and impurity is separated, be used for the impurity after the threshing is pulverized the also biomass fuel forming portion 8 of compression forming, described biomass fuel forming portion 8 is arranged on the described frame 1, described running part 2 is a cterpillar drive, can certainly be running gear system, described delivery chute 5 is a belt roller formula conveying plant.
Described ceding of Taiwan portion 3 comprises straw shift wheel 30, nearside divider 31, cutter 32, ceding of Taiwan screw feeder 33, described nearside divider 31 is positioned at the dead ahead of described combined unit, described straw shift wheel 30 is positioned at the top of described nearside divider 31, described cutter 32 is positioned at the rear of described nearside divider 31, and the feed end of the end of described ceding of Taiwan screw feeder 33 and described delivery chute 5 joins.
Described threshing portion 6 comprises threshing cylinder 61, concave grate 62, vibratory sieve 63, reclaims screw feeder 64, goes out paddy screw feeder 65, described concave grate 62 is positioned at the peripheral below of described threshing cylinder 61, described vibratory sieve 63 be positioned at described concave grate 62 under, describedly go out the seed shattering place that paddy screw feeder 65 is positioned at described vibratory sieve 63, described recovery screw feeder 64 is positioned at the below of described concave grate 62.
Described biomass fuel forming portion 8 comprises Material disintegrator 81, conveyer 82, particle bucket 83, screw extruding propeller 84, shaping mould 85, heater 86, extrusion modling motor 87, decelerator 88, the feeding mouth of described Material disintegrator 81 is positioned at afterbody blanking place of described threshing cylinder 61, the two ends of described conveyer 82 lay respectively at the discharging opening of described Material disintegrator 81, the charging aperture of described particle bucket 83, the bottom discharge mouth of described particle bucket 83 inserts the charging aperture of described screw extruding propeller 84, described shaping mould 85 is connected to the discharging opening of described screw extruding propeller 84, described heater 86 is positioned at the discharging opening place of described screw extruding propeller 84, described extrusion modling motor 87 connects the main shaft of described decelerator 88 and described screw extruding propeller 84 successively, and described conveyer 82 is a screw conveyer.Living beings are not generally used additive by compression forming, and this moment, lignin served as binder, so the present invention can a compression forming.The present invention successively pushes already pulverised living beings to described shaping mould 85, extrusion modling by described screw extruding propeller 84.Because production process is carried out continuously, so the mass ratio of shaped fuel is more even, charing takes place in the extrusion process in outer surface again, lights easily.The above biomass fuel forming portion 8 is a spiral squeezing type, can certainly adopt piston punching type or ring mould roll forming mode.
As the present invention during in farm work, described nearside divider 31 will cut the inside and outside crop in district separately, described straw shift wheel 30 is entering a left side, crop between right straw-distributing unit is pulled out to described cutter 32, cutter cuts off the crop cane, the crop of being cut off is in deadweight, under the mating reaction of described combined unit pace and described straw shift wheel 30, swing to the ceding of Taiwan, crop is delivered to the feed end of the described delivery chute 5 in ceding of Taiwan left side by the helical blade of described ceding of Taiwan screw feeder 33, by the expansion link of described ceding of Taiwan screw feeder 33 crop is pulled out charging port into described delivery chute 5, through carrying the effect of flat belt rake teeth, crop enters described threshing cylinder 61, at spike-tooth and drum cover, do circumference and axially-movable under the grass guide board mating reaction, shift to the cylinder right-hand member from described threshing cylinder 61 left ends, crop is subjected to the repeatedly strike of spike-tooth in motion process, curry, on described concave grate 62, rub and threshing repeatedly, grain falls by the hole of described concave grate 62, fall on the compass screen surface of described vibratory sieve 63, pass sieve aperture through the fan airstream selection by winnowing, fall into the described paddy screw feeder 65 that goes out, through the described rotation that goes out paddy screw feeder 65 seed is sent into the grain bucket again, pack into gunnysack or send into silo, chopped cooked entrails of sheep cauline leaf is blown out outside the machine by fan airstream, thick cane is shifted to the right side along described threshing cylinder 61, under the centrifugal action of cylinder rotation, can be delivered directly to described biomass fuel forming portion 8, by fragmentation, extrusion modling directly makes biomass fuel, has disposablely finished harvesting, carry, separate, clean and pack and make all processes of the integration of operation of fuel.Avoided manually it being transported to the trouble that handle in the place, saved cost of transportation, the place that does not need simultaneously extra storage waste material, saved memory space, and in harvesting, directly make biomass fuel, and improved production efficiency greatly, crop harvesting and twice laid are carried out simultaneously, overall availability to crops improves greatly, and integrated cost is low, integrate harvesting and make the biomass fuel function.
The present invention can be widely used in stalk comprehensive utilization field.

Claims (7)

1, a kind of harvesting and biomass fuel are made combined unit, comprise frame (1), be used to drive the running part (2) that described combined unit is advanced, be used for to cut the ceding of Taiwan portion (3) that the inside and outside crop in district separates and cuts down, be used for described combined unit is carried out the operation bench (4) of operations control, the crop that is used for cutting down is transported to the delivery chute (5) of threshing flow process, the threshing portion (6) that the crop that is used for cutting down carries out threshing and impurity is separated, it is characterized in that: described harvesting and biomass fuel manufacturing combined unit comprise also and are used for the impurity after the threshing is pulverized the also biomass fuel forming portion (8) of compression forming that described biomass fuel forming portion (8) is arranged on the described frame (1).
2, harvesting according to claim 1 and biomass fuel are made combined unit, it is characterized in that: described ceding of Taiwan portion (3) comprises straw shift wheel (30), nearside divider (31), cutter (32), ceding of Taiwan screw feeder (33), described nearside divider (31) is positioned at the dead ahead of described combined unit, described straw shift wheel (30) is positioned at the top of described nearside divider (31), described cutter (32) is positioned at the rear of described nearside divider (31), and the feed end of the end of described ceding of Taiwan screw feeder (33) and described delivery chute (5) joins.
3, harvesting according to claim 1 and biomass fuel are made combined unit, it is characterized in that: described threshing portion (6) comprises threshing cylinder (61), concave grate (62), vibratory sieve (63), reclaims screw feeder (64), goes out paddy screw feeder (65), described concave grate (62) is positioned at the peripheral below of described threshing cylinder (61), described vibratory sieve (63) be positioned at described concave grate (62) under, describedly go out the seed shattering place that paddy screw feeder (65) is positioned at described vibratory sieve (63), described recovery screw feeder (64) is positioned at the below of described concave grate (62).
4, harvesting according to claim 1 and biomass fuel are made combined unit, it is characterized in that: described biomass fuel forming portion (8) comprises Material disintegrator (81), conveyer (82), particle bucket (83), screw extruding propeller (84), shaping mould (85), heater (86), extrusion modling motor (87), decelerator (88), the feeding mouth of described Material disintegrator (81) is positioned at afterbody blanking place of described threshing cylinder (61), the two ends of described conveyer (82) lay respectively at the discharging opening of described Material disintegrator (81), the charging aperture of described particle bucket (83), the bottom discharge mouth of described particle bucket (83) inserts the charging aperture of described screw extruding propeller (84), described shaping mould (85) is connected to the discharging opening of described screw extruding propeller (84), described heater (86) is positioned at the discharging opening place of described screw extruding propeller (84), and described extrusion modling motor (87) connects the main shaft of described decelerator (88) and described screw extruding propeller (84) successively.
5, harvesting according to claim 4 and biomass fuel are made combined unit, and it is characterized in that: described conveyer (82) is a screw conveyer.
6, harvesting according to claim 1 and biomass fuel are made combined unit, and it is characterized in that: described running part (2) is crawler type or running gear system.
7, harvesting according to claim 1 and biomass fuel are made combined unit, and it is characterized in that: described delivery chute (5) is a belt roller formula conveying plant.
CNA2008101982100A 2008-09-01 2008-09-01 Harvesting and biomass fuel manufacturing combination device Pending CN101361429A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008101982100A CN101361429A (en) 2008-09-01 2008-09-01 Harvesting and biomass fuel manufacturing combination device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008101982100A CN101361429A (en) 2008-09-01 2008-09-01 Harvesting and biomass fuel manufacturing combination device

Publications (1)

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CN101361429A true CN101361429A (en) 2009-02-11

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101857881A (en) * 2010-04-29 2010-10-13 蒋勇 Method for transporting, storing and treating straws for biogas production
CN103209825A (en) * 2010-09-15 2013-07-17 锡玛氏股份公司 Waste compactor, of simplified construction and of small dimensions, particularly for bars, cafeterias and other small restaurant businesses
CN104996090A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-10-28 四川刚毅科技集团有限公司 Conveyor-belt conveying device for harvesters
CN106304940A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-01-11 上海园林(集团)有限公司 Crawler mowing machine for treating tidal flat smooth cordgrass and treating method of crawler mowing machine
CN108990513A (en) * 2018-07-09 2018-12-14 安徽省雷氏农业科技有限公司 A kind of small wheat harvesting drying integrated device
CN111406504A (en) * 2020-05-28 2020-07-14 唐公霞 Cleaning device of longitudinal axial flow full-feeding harvester
CN112314161A (en) * 2020-10-21 2021-02-05 张庆然 Harvesting equipment with impurity removal function

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101857881A (en) * 2010-04-29 2010-10-13 蒋勇 Method for transporting, storing and treating straws for biogas production
CN101857881B (en) * 2010-04-29 2011-12-21 蒋勇 Method for transporting, storing and treating straws for biogas production
CN103209825A (en) * 2010-09-15 2013-07-17 锡玛氏股份公司 Waste compactor, of simplified construction and of small dimensions, particularly for bars, cafeterias and other small restaurant businesses
CN103209825B (en) * 2010-09-15 2016-04-27 锡玛氏股份公司 Simplify structure and undersized refuse compactor
CN104996090A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-10-28 四川刚毅科技集团有限公司 Conveyor-belt conveying device for harvesters
CN106304940A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-01-11 上海园林(集团)有限公司 Crawler mowing machine for treating tidal flat smooth cordgrass and treating method of crawler mowing machine
CN106304940B (en) * 2016-11-01 2019-03-22 上海园林(集团)有限公司 It is a kind of for administering the crawler type cutting machine and its administering method of beach Spartina alterniflora
CN108990513A (en) * 2018-07-09 2018-12-14 安徽省雷氏农业科技有限公司 A kind of small wheat harvesting drying integrated device
CN111406504A (en) * 2020-05-28 2020-07-14 唐公霞 Cleaning device of longitudinal axial flow full-feeding harvester
CN112314161A (en) * 2020-10-21 2021-02-05 张庆然 Harvesting equipment with impurity removal function

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Open date: 20090211