CN101354838B - Shipborne terminal for fleet management and fleet management method - Google Patents

Shipborne terminal for fleet management and fleet management method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101354838B
CN101354838B CN2008101176123A CN200810117612A CN101354838B CN 101354838 B CN101354838 B CN 101354838B CN 2008101176123 A CN2008101176123 A CN 2008101176123A CN 200810117612 A CN200810117612 A CN 200810117612A CN 101354838 B CN101354838 B CN 101354838B
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China
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ships
boats
logical
broadcasting
information
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CN2008101176123A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101354838A (en
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不公告发明人
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北京北斗星通导航技术股份有限公司
海南北斗星通信息服务有限公司
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Priority to CN2008101176123A priority Critical patent/CN101354838B/en
Publication of CN101354838A publication Critical patent/CN101354838A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a dipper satellite system based ship-mounted terminal which realizes the reliable and flexible ship or fleet management and a method for managing the ship or fleet. The ship-mounted terminal realizes the real-time positioning of GPS and/or dipper request positioning, and simultaneously realizes the inter-communication between the ship-mounted terminal and the dipper satellite; a ground control center sends grouping information of ships and a control ship in each group downward to all ship-mounted terminals by user information; when the ground control center needs to manage the grouping ships, the collective broadcast numbers of the control ships and grouping numbers of all user terminals are used as sole numbers for identifying the ships, and the management of a plurality of ship-mounted terminals is realized under one collective broadcast number, thereby extending the number of managed ships. When the control ship needs to manage grouping ships, the control ship can call the group ships, and can also realize the single call communication with one single terminal.

Description

A kind of Shipborne terminal and fleet management's method that is used for fleet management
Technical field
The present invention relates to satellite positioning navigation and communication technical field, relate in particular to a kind of Shipborne terminal of fleet management and method of fleet management of being used for.
Background technology
Management to marine ships and fleet is very, and as the fishing boat management of fishing sector to administration, or shipping company is to the management of boat etc.Because marine ships can't utilize the means of communication on ground, thus applied satellite system location the time if can realize satellite communication, just can realize management to boats and ships and fleet.
The applicable satellite system of China has gps system and dipper system at present.Gps system has bearing accuracy height, advantage that real-time is good, and shortcoming is to communicate.The user terminal of the dipper system of China's independent research can send location or communication request by certain frequency, realize locating and communicating with other-end, but real-time is subjected to the frequency restriction.Two kinds of satellite systems are carried out integrated application, just can give full play to advantage separately, enlarge the scope of applying.
Method based on satellite system management boats and ships and fleet is equipped with the maincenter of special control vessel as some boats and ships groups usually, comes unified management subordinate's boats and ships.Go wrong as control vessel, can't replace management work, thereby make the ground control centre lose management, cause uncertain danger or loss marine ships and fleet by other boats and ships.Control vessel is managed one group of boats and ships, and when sending management information as if the logical number of broadcasting of adopting dipper system, every boats and ships of its subordinate all need a logical number of broadcasting, and owing to the number that leads to the number of broadcasting is limited, and will produce corresponding cost of use, thereby has limited the number of management boats and ships.Therefore, realize reliably boats and ships and fleet management flexibly, need a kind of Shipborne terminal that can realize flexible ship-handling and the method for boats and ships and fleet management based on dipper system.
Summary of the invention
Technical matters to be solved by this invention is, a kind of Shipborne terminal of boats and ships and fleet management and method of fleet management of being used for is provided, for Shipborne terminal and ground control centre provide ship-handling based on dipper system, realize based on satellite positioning navigation with communicate by letter, functions such as emergency alarm, monitoring management.
The invention provides and a kind ofly be used for the bimodulus Shipborne terminal of fleet management, comprise indicative control unit and GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit based on the big-dipper satellite system, wherein:
GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit, be used to realize GPS real-time positioning or Big Dipper request location, and with the big-dipper satellite interactive communication, receive the grouping information of the boats and ships of operation control center configuration by Big Dipper link, receive the management information of ground control centre or other boats and ships according to the unique identification that adds the terminal that number is formed in the group by the logical number of broadcasting in the grouping information, or according to the logical number of broadcasting and/or organize interior number other boats and ships are managed;
Described indicative control unit is used to the management information that shows that GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit is received, perhaps select for the user or input at the management information of other boats and ships.
Described GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit further also is used for and to the locator data processing of analyzing, filter, verify, pack; Reception is through steering order, communication and the data message of the ground control centre that big-dipper satellite is transmitted; Communicate with big-dipper satellite, warning, communication, switching on and shutting down report relevant information through big-dipper satellite, are reported the ground control centre.
Described indicative control unit further also is used to provide the inputting interface, navigation and the communication information display interface that carry out input control information, show acquiring satellite with location, navigation, communicate by letter and morning and evening tides information and electronic chart.
Further, the grouping information of described boats and ships, comprise the control vessel of ground control centre to grouping information He each packet configuration of boats and ships, wherein be control vessel and the identical same logical number of broadcasting of the packet configuration of being commanded thereof, number in the boats and ships configuration group in being to organize, by number combination in the group of the logical number of broadcasting and each user terminal as the identification number of a terminal of unique sign.
Further, the send mode of described management information comprise logical broadcast, group calling, individual calling mode;
Logical broadcast mode serves as that sign is broadcast with the logical number of broadcasting;
The group calling mode adds packet number with the logical number of broadcasting and broadcasts;
The individual calling mode adds the interior number of group with the logical number of broadcasting and broadcasts.
Further, described control vessel and/or ground control centre are by on-the-fly modifying number in the group in the group, to organizing the management that interior boats and ships increase, delete, change number.
Further, the grouping information of described boats and ships is to send by Shipborne terminal positioning and communicating unit group address indication frame, described group address indication frame comprises sign and class of operation in type of service, group address number, subscriber computer ID, equipment group id, the equipment group, wherein:
Type of service is for being provided with the group address indication of boat-carrying positioning and communicating unit, the group address number is total group address number in this bag data, subscriber computer ID is user's a address number, the equipment group id is represented system banner and the interior sign of the interior sign expression subscriber computer ID of group id, equipment group in affiliated group id of native system under the subscriber computer ID, class of operation is the operation of this group address, the 0th, increase, the 1st, deletion.
The present invention also provides a kind of method of the fleet management based on above-described bimodulus Shipborne terminal, comprises the steps:
The boats and ships grouping information is determined for the boats and ships terminal in the ground control centre, and described grouping information comprises number in logical number of broadcasting and the group at least;
The grouping information that the ground control centre utilizes the user profile frame format of dipper system to carry boats and ships sends to Shipborne terminal;
Shipborne terminal receives the boats and ships grouping information of ground control centre by Big Dipper link, carry out ship-handling according to number in logical number of broadcasting in institute's stored packet information and the group, comprise the administrative messag that receives control center or other boats and ships, and send administrative messag to other boats and ships.
Further, the grouping information of described boats and ships, comprise the control vessel of ground control centre to grouping information He each packet configuration of boats and ships, wherein be control vessel and the same logical number of broadcasting of the packet configuration of being commanded thereof, number in the boats and ships configuration group in being to organize, by number combination in the group of the logical number of broadcasting and each user terminal together as the identification number of a terminal of unique sign.
Further, the grouping information of described boats and ships is to send by Shipborne terminal positioning and communicating unit group address indication frame, described group address indication frame comprises sign and class of operation in type of service, group address number, subscriber computer ID, equipment group id, the equipment group, wherein:
Type of service is for being provided with the group address indication of boat-carrying positioning and communicating unit, the group address number is total group address number in this bag data, subscriber computer ID is user's a address number, the equipment group id is represented system banner and the interior sign of the interior sign expression subscriber computer ID of group id, equipment group in affiliated group id of native system under the subscriber computer ID, class of operation is the operation of this group address, the 0th, increase, the 1st, deletion.
Further, the send mode of described management information comprise logical broadcast, group calling, individual calling mode, wherein:
Logical broadcast mode is adopted in the ground control centre, serve as to identify to manage message and broadcast with the logical number of broadcasting;
Control vessel adopts the multicast mode, adds sets of numbers with the logical number of broadcasting and manages message broadcast in group;
Ground control centre or control vessel or common Shipborne terminal adopt the individual calling mode, add in the group number with the logical number of broadcasting and manage message at a certain Shipborne terminal and broadcast.
Further, the grouping information of described boats and ships further comprises the grouping under the logical number of broadcasting, and the son grouping under each grouping.
Further, each Shipborne terminal in the grouping information of described boats and ships has the combination of number in logical number of broadcasting of at least one cover and the group, and described combination further comprises packet number.
Further, described Shipborne terminal utilizes GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit to receive the grouping steering order of transmitting by big-dipper satellite, finish the block code of download, modification or deletion fleet, has the unique identifier of finishing One-to-one communication, further also have one or more packet identification sign indicating numbers of realizing group calling or logical multicast function, set up interim or fixing fleet; Wherein, described logical broadcasting is serve as to identify the send mode of broadcasting with the logical number of broadcasting; Group calling is to add the send mode that packet number is broadcast with the logical number of broadcasting.
Further, described according to the logical number of broadcasting in the grouping information and the group in number carry out ship-handling, comprising:
Communicating by letter and information mutual communication between Shipborne terminal realization and ground control centre, fisheries administration ship and Shipborne terminal and Shipborne terminal and the continental rise mobile communication equipment.
Further, after the administrative messag of ground control centre, other Shipborne terminal, continental rise mobile communication equipment is received in the GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit in the described Shipborne terminal, to filtering communication contents, the administrative messag of the repetition that filtering has received and data.
Further, GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit in the described Shipborne terminal further also receives the apply by letter information that the user of these boats and ships terminal submits to by indicative control unit, with by the big-dipper satellite response results of control center or other user terminals or continental rise mobile communication equipment reporting information or feedback communication earthward.
The present invention is for solving the location and the communication issue of all kinds of boats and ships on the ocean, provides a kind of and realized the Shipborne terminal of reliable boats and ships flexibly and fleet management and to the method for boats and ships and fleet management based on the big-dipper satellite system.This Shipborne terminal is realized the GPS real-time positioning, and to its locator data analyze, filter, verify, processing such as packing; Simultaneously can also realize communicating with big-dipper satellite, with oneself current location, the course and the speed of a ship or plane, and information such as emergency alarm and emergency are sent to big-dipper satellite, report the ground control centre by the big-dipper satellite forwarding; Shipborne terminal also can receive the ground control centre and transmit the information such as steering order, note and alarm of coming through big-dipper satellite, carries out interactive communication with the ground control centre, realizes functions such as the monitoring management of fishery vessel and the rescues of reporting to the police.
For same boats and ships, further can belong to different groupings, promptly same boats and ships can be under the jurisdiction of the control vessel with unique logical number of broadcasting, and can have number in the identical or different group in different groupings.For control vessel, can further carry out grouping management again, so just can realize fleet's grouping management of multilayer.The ground control centre is issued to each Shipborne terminal with the control vessel of grouping information He each packet configuration of boats and ships by user profile; When the ground control centre is carried out grouping management at needs to boats and ships, the logical number of broadcasting with control vessel is the number of unique this Shipborne terminal of sign together with number in the group of each user terminal of subordinate, can realize the management of a plurality of Shipborne terminals like this a logical number of broadcasting down, expand the quantity that to manage boats and ships.Control vessel need the management group in during boats and ships, can carry out group calling to complete group.
Because the logical number of broadcasting can terminal of unique identification together with number in the group, therefore, also can realize the individual calling communication to single terminal of control vessel or ground control centre.The communication function of Shipborne terminal, can realization with ground control centre, fisheries administration ship (International Maritime Satellite-C System) and Shipborne terminal between ship to shore and the communicating by letter and information mutual communication of ship-to-ship.And can realization with CDMA and GSM mobile handset between communicate by letter.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram with Shipborne terminal of fleet management's ability;
Fig. 2 is the concrete structure figure of the user profile frame that adopts of fleet management.
The technical scheme of embodiment
For making the purpose, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more clear, the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
For solving the location and the communication issue of all kinds of boats and ships on the ocean, and realize functions such as navigation, emergency alarm, monitoring management based on positioning and communicating, the invention provides and a kind ofly realize the Shipborne terminal of reliable boats and ships flexibly and fleet management and to the method for boats and ships and fleet management based on dipper system.As shown in Figure 1, a kind of Shipborne terminal that is used to carry out fleet management comprises: indicative control unit and GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit, wherein:
Described indicative control unit, be used to the boats and ships user to provide inputting interface to carry out input control information, navigation interface and communication information display interface are provided, so that for the user shows acquiring satellite and locating information, electronic chart, navigation information, and the text communication information of morning and evening tides information and control center etc.;
Described GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit is used to realize GPS real-time positioning or Big Dipper request location, and to locator data analyze, filter, verify, processing such as packing; Can also communicate with big-dipper satellite, the position data packing is sent to big-dipper satellite, be transmitted to the ground control centre again; Can also receive the ground control centre transmits and information such as the steering order of coming, text communication through big-dipper satellite.
GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit and indicative control unit two-way communication, information such as GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit will be located, the character message of ground control centre, alarm send to indicative control unit and are used to show; Indicative control unit sends user instruction information and obtains needed navigation information to GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit, GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit also sends to big-dipper satellite with information such as user's warning, communication, switching on and shutting down reports, relays and reports the ground control centre.
Realize reliably boats and ships and fleet management flexibly based on dipper system, except that need a kind ofly can realizing the Shipborne terminal of flexible ship-handling, boats and ships and fleet management are sent management information as if the logical number of broadcasting of directly adopting dipper system to Shipborne terminal, every boats and ships of its subordinate all need a logical number of broadcasting, because the number of the logical number of broadcasting is limited, and produce corresponding cost of use, thereby limited the number of management boats and ships; Its logical number of broadcasting does not simultaneously have interim packet capability.Therefore, the management that realizes boats and ships and fleet also must have complete, reliable ship-handling method flexibly.
A kind ofly realize the complete of ship-handling and reliably flexibly in boats and ships and the fleet management's method, comprising based on dipper system:
At first, the grouping information of carrying boats and ships by the user profile frame format of ground control centre application dipper system;
Then,, receive the boats and ships grouping information of ground control centre, filter according to institute's stored packet information and reach flexible grouping, thereby realize complete and reliably boats and ships and fleet management's purpose flexibly by Big Dipper communication link again by the Shipborne terminal of each boats and ships.
The concrete structure figure of the group address indication frame format that Shipborne terminal positioning and communicating unit is set that fleet management adopts is provided with Shipborne terminal positioning and communicating unit group address indication frame format and comprises as shown in Figure 2:
Sign and class of operation in type of service, group address number, subscriber computer ID, equipment group id, the equipment group, wherein:
Type of service is for being provided with the group address indication of boat-carrying positioning and communicating unit;
The group address number is total group address number in this bag data;
Subscriber computer ID is user's address number;
The equipment group id, system banner under the expression subscriber computer ID and the group id in the native system;
Sign in the equipment group, the sign of expression subscriber computer ID in affiliated group id;
Class of operation is the operation of this group address, is to represent in 0 o'clock to increase, and is to represent deletion at 1 o'clock.
The GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit of Shipborne terminal can receive the grouping steering order of transmitting by big-dipper satellite, finish the block code of download, modification or deletion fleet, make this Shipborne terminal except that having the unique identifier of finishing One-to-one communication, also have one or more packet identification sign indicating numbers of realizing group calling or logical multicast function simultaneously, set up interim or fixing fleet.
Each terminal can be downloaded 16 packet identification sign indicating numbers at least, makes a ship can belong to a plurality of different fixing or interim fleets simultaneously.This complete, reliably realize the management method of boats and ships and fleet flexibly, make the ground control centre can be easily to a large amount of boats and ships according to boats and ships and fleet or set up interim or fixing fleet and manage and monitor.
For fleet, comprise the management of two aspects: the one, the ground control centre is to the management of some boats and ships, as the ship-handling in a certain grouping; Be of the management of a certain boats and ships on the other hand to other boats and ships, as be fixed or the boats and ships of temporarily being appointed as control vessel to its subordinate's each grouping and the management of the boats and ships in each grouping.Described ship-handling is mainly undertaken by the Word message mode, makes Shipborne terminal can realize the information mutual communication of ship to shore, ship-to-ship.Particularly, mainly comprise following mode:
The Shipborne terminal sends input information and built-in in advance note
Shipborne terminal can be for the Chinese and English information of input by the operation interface of indicative control unit, also can select a note commonly used of built-in in advance many (for example 50), send to ground control centre or other communication terminal devices by GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit.
Communicate by letter between terminal and the terminal
Shipborne terminal sends to other Shipborne terminals of specifying identifier by GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit with Word message, described Word message be preset or by the message of user by the indicative control unit input; Shipborne terminal receives by GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit and shows for the user that from the text of other Shipborne terminals and by described indicative control unit telegraph text content also can be an English based on Chinese on the other hand.
Communicate by letter between terminal and the ground control centre
Shipborne terminal receives the Word message of ground control centre by GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit; Also Word message can be sent to the ground control centre by GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit.Marine operations specific fishing boat can be specified in the ground control centre, sends Chinese character information to it, or with group send out, logical broadcast mode is to many ships of or several fleets, even all the offshore operation fishing boat sends textual information.
Communicate by letter between terminal and the fisheries administration ship (International Maritime Satellite-C System)
Shipborne terminal is by the ground control centre transfer, send to and specify fisheries administration ship (International Maritime Satellite-C System) by the GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit text of will communicating by letter, fisheries administration ship also can send textual information to fishing boat by control center, and Shipborne terminal receives the textual information of described fisheries administration ship by GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit.
Communicate by letter between terminal and the mobile phone
Shipborne terminal further also can comprise mobile communication module, can with daily CDMA, GSM cell-phone intercommunication note, report to the police and information such as terminal power down, also can be transmitted to the mobile phone of appointment by the ground control centre; The former is used for Shipborne terminal can receive mobile phone signal near the bank, and the latter is used for the ground control centre provides the business of forwarding.As long as behind control center's confirmation request, mobile phone can be received and dispatched note mutually with Shipborne terminal earthward.After the intact information of typing, only need import the other side's cell-phone number during transmission, this information can be sent on the mobile phone.Same cellphone subscriber also only needs information to be sent on the satellite communication terminal of operation fishing boat according to specified format.
When carrying out fleet management, the short message between big-dipper satellite and Shipborne terminal is broadcast mode individual calling, group calling, logical broadcast mode; Receive the communication data of other users or ground control centre at big-dipper satellite after, communication data is transmitted to GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit, GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit to filtering communication contents after, handle the ground control centre or such as the supervisory instruction of commander's type ship oceangoing ship, delivering to indicative control unit again, is that the user shows related administrative information by indicative control unit.
On the other hand, the user that GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit also receives these boats and ships submits the apply by letter information of coming to by the data line of indicative control unit, so that pass through big-dipper satellite control center or the information of other user terminal to send up or the response results of feedback communication earthward.
The ground control centre is issued to each Shipborne terminal with the control vessel of grouping information He each packet configuration of boats and ships by user profile; When the ground control centre is carried out grouping management at needs to boats and ships, the logical number of broadcasting with control vessel is the number of unique this Shipborne terminal of sign together with number in the group of each user terminal of subordinate, can realize the management of a plurality of Shipborne terminals like this a logical number of broadcasting down, expand the quantity that to manage boats and ships.
Control vessel need the management group in during boats and ships, can carry out group calling to complete group.Because the logical number of broadcasting can terminal of unique identification together with number in the group, therefore, also can realize the individual calling communication to single terminal of control vessel or ground control centre.
For same boats and ships, further can belong to different groupings, promptly same boats and ships can be under the jurisdiction of the control vessel with unique logical number of broadcasting, and can have number in the identical or different group in different groupings.For control vessel, can further carry out grouping management again, so just can realize fleet's grouping management of multilayer.
Instruction is broadcast for important logical of some of Shipborne terminal in the ground control centre, may cause sending unsuccessful owing to some Shipborne terminal does not have start, therefore the ground control centre can regularly be retransmitted automatically, will produce redundant information to the Shipborne terminal that success receives like this.Under given conditions, communicate by letter with point-to-point for important instruction, the dipper system receipt of Shipborne terminal can be lost, and makes the ground control centre not receive the affirmation receipt, just can retransmit.But this moment, Shipborne terminal was received relevant information, and in this case, Shipborne terminal will be received redundant information.When Shipborne terminal receives repeating data, need handle, save the resource of system redundant data information.
Described herein only is preferred exemplifying embodiment of the present invention, is not limited to the present invention, and for the person skilled in art, the present invention can have various changes and variation.Therefore, allly relate to any modification of within innovation of the present invention and principle, being done, be equal to replacement, improve and upgrade or the like, all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (17)

1. one kind is used for the bimodulus Shipborne terminal of fleet management based on the big-dipper satellite system, it is characterized in that, comprises indicative control unit and GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit, wherein:
GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit, be used to realize GPS real-time positioning or Big Dipper request location, and with the big-dipper satellite interactive communication, receive the grouping information of the boats and ships of operation control center configuration by Big Dipper link, receive the management information of ground control centre or other boats and ships according to the unique identification that adds the terminal that number is formed in the group by the logical number of broadcasting in the grouping information, or according to the logical number of broadcasting and/or organize interior number other boats and ships are managed;
Described indicative control unit is used to the management information that shows that GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit is received, perhaps select for the user or input at the management information of other boats and ships.
2. bimodulus Shipborne terminal as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that,
Described GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit further also is used for and to the locator data processing of analyzing, filter, verify, pack; Reception is through steering order, communication and the data message of the ground control centre that big-dipper satellite is transmitted; Communicate with big-dipper satellite, warning, communication, switching on and shutting down report relevant information through big-dipper satellite, are reported the ground control centre.
3. bimodulus Shipborne terminal as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that,
Described indicative control unit further also is used to provide the inputting interface, navigation and the communication information display interface that carry out input control information, show acquiring satellite with location, navigation, communicate by letter and morning and evening tides information and electronic chart.
4. bimodulus Shipborne terminal as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that,
The grouping information of described boats and ships, comprise the control vessel of ground control centre to grouping information He each packet configuration of boats and ships, wherein be control vessel and the identical same logical number of broadcasting of the packet configuration of being commanded thereof, number in the boats and ships configuration group in being to organize, by number combination in the group of the logical number of broadcasting and each user terminal as the identification number of a terminal of unique sign.
5. bimodulus Shipborne terminal as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that,
The send mode of described management information comprise logical broadcast, group calling, individual calling mode;
Logical broadcast mode serves as that sign is broadcast with the logical number of broadcasting;
The group calling mode adds packet number with the logical number of broadcasting and broadcasts;
The individual calling mode adds the interior number of group with the logical number of broadcasting and broadcasts.
6. bimodulus Shipborne terminal as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that,
Described control vessel and/or ground control centre are by on-the-fly modifying number in the group in the group, to organizing the management that interior boats and ships increase, delete, change number.
7. bimodulus Shipborne terminal as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that,
The grouping information of described boats and ships is to send by Shipborne terminal positioning and communicating unit group address indication frame, and described group address indication frame comprises sign and class of operation in type of service, group address number, subscriber computer ID, equipment group id, the equipment group, wherein:
Type of service is for being provided with the group address indication of boat-carrying positioning and communicating unit, the group address number is total group address number in this bag data, subscriber computer ID is user's a address number, the equipment group id is represented system banner and the interior sign of the interior sign expression subscriber computer ID of group id, equipment group in affiliated group id of native system under the subscriber computer ID, class of operation is the operation of this group address, the 0th, increase, the 1st, deletion.
8. the method based on the fleet management of the described bimodulus Shipborne terminal of claim 1 is characterized in that, comprising:
The boats and ships grouping information is determined for the boats and ships terminal in the ground control centre, and described grouping information comprises number in logical number of broadcasting and the group at least;
The grouping information that the ground control centre utilizes the user profile frame format of dipper system to carry boats and ships sends to Shipborne terminal;
Shipborne terminal receives the boats and ships grouping information of ground control centre by Big Dipper link, carry out ship-handling according to number in logical number of broadcasting in institute's stored packet information and the group, comprise the administrative messag that receives control center or other boats and ships, and send administrative messag to other boats and ships.
9. the method for fleet management as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that,
The grouping information of described boats and ships, comprise the control vessel of ground control centre to grouping information He each packet configuration of boats and ships, wherein be control vessel and the same logical number of broadcasting of the packet configuration of being commanded thereof, number in the boats and ships configuration group in being to organize, by number combination in the group of the logical number of broadcasting and each user terminal together as the identification number of a terminal of unique sign.
10. the method for fleet management as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that,
The grouping information of described boats and ships is to send by Shipborne terminal positioning and communicating unit group address indication frame, and described group address indication frame comprises sign and class of operation in type of service, group address number, subscriber computer ID, equipment group id, the equipment group, wherein:
Type of service is for being provided with the group address indication of boat-carrying positioning and communicating unit, the group address number is total group address number in this bag data, subscriber computer ID is user's a address number, the equipment group id is represented system banner and the interior sign of the interior sign expression subscriber computer ID of group id, equipment group in affiliated group id of native system under the subscriber computer ID, class of operation is the operation of this group address, the 0th, increase, the 1st, deletion.
11. the method for fleet management as claimed in claim 9 is characterized in that,
The send mode of described management information comprise logical broadcast, group calling, individual calling mode, wherein:
Logical broadcast mode is adopted in the ground control centre, serve as to identify to manage message and broadcast with the logical number of broadcasting;
Control vessel adopts the multicast mode, adds sets of numbers with the logical number of broadcasting and manages message broadcast in group;
Ground control centre or control vessel or common Shipborne terminal adopt the individual calling mode, add in the group number with the logical number of broadcasting and manage message at a certain Shipborne terminal and broadcast.
12. the method for fleet management as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that,
The grouping information of described boats and ships further comprises the grouping under the logical number of broadcasting, and the son grouping under each grouping.
13. the method for fleet management as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that,
Each Shipborne terminal in the grouping information of described boats and ships has the combination of number in logical number of broadcasting of at least one cover and the group, and described combination further comprises packet number.
14. the method for fleet management as claimed in claim 13 is characterized in that,
Described Shipborne terminal utilizes GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit to receive the grouping steering order of transmitting by big-dipper satellite, finish the block code of download, modification or deletion fleet, has the unique identifier of finishing One-to-one communication, further also have one or more packet identification sign indicating numbers of realizing group calling or logical multicast function, set up interim or fixing fleet; Wherein, described logical broadcasting is serve as to identify the send mode of broadcasting with the logical number of broadcasting; Group calling is to add the send mode that packet number is broadcast with the logical number of broadcasting.
15. the method for fleet management as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that,
Described according to the logical number of broadcasting in the grouping information and the group in number carry out ship-handling, comprise
Communicating by letter and information mutual communication between Shipborne terminal realization and ground control centre, fisheries administration ship and Shipborne terminal and Shipborne terminal and the continental rise mobile communication equipment.
16. the method for fleet management as claimed in claim 13 is characterized in that,
After the administrative messag of ground control centre, other Shipborne terminal, continental rise mobile communication equipment is received in GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit in the described Shipborne terminal, to filtering communication contents, the administrative messag of the repetition that filtering has received and data.
17. the method for fleet management as claimed in claim 13 is characterized in that,
GPS/ Big Dipper bimodulus positioning and communicating unit in the described Shipborne terminal further also receives the apply by letter information that the user of these boats and ships terminal submits to by indicative control unit, with by the big-dipper satellite response results of control center or other user terminals or continental rise mobile communication equipment reporting information or feedback communication earthward.
CN2008101176123A 2008-08-01 2008-08-01 Shipborne terminal for fleet management and fleet management method CN101354838B (en)

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