CN101348400A - Seedling substrate and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Seedling substrate and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101348400A
CN101348400A CNA2008101390983A CN200810139098A CN101348400A CN 101348400 A CN101348400 A CN 101348400A CN A2008101390983 A CNA2008101390983 A CN A2008101390983A CN 200810139098 A CN200810139098 A CN 200810139098A CN 101348400 A CN101348400 A CN 101348400A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
peat
sterilization
rotten mosses
seedling medium
borax
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CNA2008101390983A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
夏瑞金
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昌邑市禾田砧木研究所
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Priority to CNA2008101390983A priority Critical patent/CN101348400A/en
Publication of CN101348400A publication Critical patent/CN101348400A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a nursery substrate and a method for manufacturing the same. The main compositions in percentage by volume of the nursery substrate are 0 to 20 percent of grass carbon, 40 to 60 percent of peat, 20 to 35 percent of vermiculite and 10 to 15 percent of perlite; the compositions are mixed and taken as a base number; moreover, 1.5 to 2.0kilograms of diammonium phosphate, 0.2 to 0.5kilograms of microorganism organic fertilizer and 0.15 to 0.3kilograms of microelement addition agent are added in each cubic meter of the mixture. According to the proportion, grass carbon, peat, vermiculite, perlite, diammonium phosphate, microorganism organic fertilizer and microelement addition agent are put in an agitator after high-temperature sterilization for stirring and sieving, thereby obtaining the nursery substrate. The nursery substrate has the advantages of simple operation, low cost, long fertilizer efficiency and strong seedling, and is particularly suitable for being popularized and used in factory breeding for melon, fruit and vegetable and root stock grafted seedling.

Description

A kind of seedling medium and manufacture method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to the solid nutraceutical matrix that a kind of gourd, fruit and vegetable is grown seedlings.Mainly be applicable to industrial hole plate seedling growth.

Background technology

The world today is because the develop rapidly of agriculture growing vegetables technology has brought earth-shaking variation for vegetable grower's plantation theory, and the vegetable grower is planted to become by original buying and buys seedling, thereby has promoted the great development of industrial seedling rearing.At present society goes up the solid substrate that uses and mainly contains two kinds: first kind is that the peat composed of rotten mosses adds vermiculite and mixes, its prescription is the peat composed of rotten mosses: vermiculite is that 1: 2 (volume ratio) mixes, this matrix is not added any nutritive substance, and its nutritional mode is the pouring nutritive medium always.The configuration of this nutritive medium is loaded down with trivial details, and is with high costs, and nursery is also wanted dispensing containers and casting machine when growing seedlings.With this matrix complex operation, the seedling cost height of educating.Second kind is the peat composed of rotten mosses: vermiculite: perlite is 2: 1: 1 (volume ratio), adds a small amount of organic compound fertilizer and mixes.Though this matrix is simple to operate, this matrix fertilizer-preserving ability is poor, and fertilizer efficiency is short, and defective appears a little less than jaundice, the seedling etc. in the later stage seedling of growing seedlings.

Summary of the invention

First technical problem that the present invention will solve is to overcome the above-mentioned defective that existing seedling medium exists, provide a kind of simple to operate, cost is low, fertilizer efficiency is long, the strong solid substrate of growing seedlings of growing seedlings.

Second technical problem that the present invention will solve provides the manufacture method of this solid substrate of growing seedlings.

For solving above-mentioned first technical problem, main component of the present invention comprises the peat composed of rotten mosses, peat, perlite, vermiculite, by batch volume per-cent be: peat composed of rotten mosses 0-20%, peat 4060%, vermiculite 20-35%, perlite 10-15%, after mixing with group material charging is radix, every cubic metre adds diammonium phosphate 1.5-2.0kg, microbial organic fertilizer 0.2-0.5kg, trace mineral supplement 0.15-0.3ktg.

Described trace mineral supplement is by weight percentage: copper sulfate 15-20%, ferrous sulfate 5-10%, yellow humic acid 0.1-0.3%, vitriolate of tartar 25-40%, zinc sulfate 10-15%, borax 25-30%; To be radix after the above-mentioned group of material mixing, every kilogram adds 5 nitroguaiacol sodium 3-6mg.

Borax in the described additive can replace with boric acid, or with the mixture of borax and boric acid.

Its main component of described microbial organic fertilizer is by weight percentage: chicken manure 40-50%, dregs of beans 18-25%, wood powder 20-30%, bacterial classification 1-2%, organic charcoal 10-18%.

For solving above-mentioned second technical problem, the present invention includes following steps:

A, sterilization: with the sterilization that carries out disinfection of the peat composed of rotten mosses, peat;

B, strand are mixed: the peat composed of rotten mosses, peat and vermiculite, perlite, diammonium phosphate, microbial organic fertilizer, trace mineral supplement after by the said ratio requirement high-temperature sterilization being sterilized are put into the blender strand and are mixed;

C, sieve: strand is mixed uniform matrix sieve;

D, metering: the matrix after will sieving enters the dosing container metering;

E, packing: pack is sealed.

Sterilization in the described A step is that the peat composed of rotten mosses, peat are packed in the sealed vessel, feeds 250-350 degree water vapor, heats and carries out the high-temperature sterilization sterilization in 30-60 minute; Or the sterilization in the described A step is to be 80% powder of carbendazim with 1000-2000 water dissolution doubly with purity, the peat composed of rotten mosses, peat are dropped into blender inner edge strand respectively mix the limit and spray the derosal aqueous solution, every cubic metre is 80% powder of carbendazim 150-250mg with purity.

Seedling medium of the present invention, collection fertilizer efficiency, chemical control regulate, promote that the root system development multiple efficacies is an one, have simplified the program of growing seedlings, improved the quality of growing seedlings, reached saving of work and time, cost is low, once throw in matrix and can reach the purpose of cultivating strong sprout, good seedling, and nontoxic, nuisanceless, suppress prominent length in seedling stage, promote root system development, guarantor's fertilizer efficiency period is long, and the utilization ratio height is specially adapted to apply in gourd, fruit and vegetable industrial seedling rearing, the stock grafting seedling.Use seedling medium of the present invention, simple to operate, the dish of can directly packing into waters directly sowing behind the sufficient water, and it is neat to emerge, and the leaf hypertrophy, the rice shoot stalwartness, in management as long as water as required.

Embodiment

Embodiment 1

A kind of seedling medium, its batch volume per-cent is: the peat composed of rotten mosses 20%, peat 40%, vermiculite 25%, perlite 15%.To be radix after the group material charging mixing, per 1 cubic metre adds diammonium phosphate 1.5kg, microbial organic fertilizer 0.2kg, trace mineral supplement 0.15kg.Its production method is: the peat composed of rotten mosses, peat are packed into feeds the high-temperature sterilization sterilization that 250 degree water vapors carried out 30 minutes in the sealed vessel, puts into blender by the peat composed of rotten mosses, peat and vermiculite, perlite, diammonium phosphate, microbial organic fertilizer, the trace mineral supplement of said ratio requirements after the high-temperature sterilization sterilization and twists and mix; Strand is mixed uniform matrix and is entered the program of sieving, and the matrix above the sieve enters pulverizer and pulverizes, and the matrix after the pulverizing is returned blender; Matrix after sieving enters the dosing container metering; Be packing at last, promptly seal, produce the matrix finished product by quantitative pack.

Its main component of described microbial organic fertilizer is by weight percentage: chicken manure 40-50%, dregs of beans 18-25%, wood powder 20-30%, microbial strains 1-2%, organic charcoal 10-18%.Configuration microbial organic fertilizer production technique is: at first produce microbial strains, its composition is quick-acting bacterium 8-15% by weight percentage, calcium magnesium phosphorus 3-6%, wheat bran 70-80%, brown sugar 2-3%, water surplus.Brown sugar is dissolved in water, quick-acting bacterium, calcium magnesium phosphorus, wheat bran is mixed the back according to the above ratio spray brown sugar water and stir, place deposit in the room temperature of 40-60 degree 360-432 minute standby.Secondly chicken manure, dregs of beans, wood powder, organic charcoal are mixed according to the above ratio, form compound, with the microbial strains for preparing with 40-60 water dissolution doubly after, evenly be sprayed on the compound, compound per ton sprays 50-70Kg.Above-mentioned compound is dropped into sealing and fermenting in the fermentation vat, fermented 20-30 days, promptly get microbial organic fertilizer, standby after the microbial organic fertilizer after the fermentation is taken out, dries, pulverizes.Microbial organic fertilizer among the following embodiment is identical therewith.

Trace mineral supplement is by weight percentage: copper sulfate 15%, ferrous sulfate 5%, yellow humic acid 0.1%, vitriolate of tartar 39.9%, zinc sulfate 10%, borax 30%.To be radix after the above-mentioned group of material mixing, every kilogram adds 5 nitroguaiacol sodium 3mg, and 5 nitroguaiacol sodium (that is: sodium nitrophenolate) can effectively activate the enzyme relevant with plant after the plant absorbing, reaches adjusting physiology, suppresses the effect of physiological disease.Borax in the additive can be replaced by boric acid, or with the mixture of borax and boric acid, as long as guarantee that desired borax content total amount is just passable.

Embodiment 2

A kind of seedling medium, its batch volume per-cent is: the peat composed of rotten mosses 18%, peat 50%, vermiculite 20%, perlite 12%.To be radix after the group material charging mixing, per 1 cubic metre adds diammonium phosphate 1.6kg, microbial organic fertilizer 0.25kg, trace mineral supplement 0.18kg.Its production method is: the peat composed of rotten mosses, peat are packed into to feed 300 degree water vapors in the sealed vessel and carries out high-temperature sterilization in 45 minutes sterilization, and following production process is identical with embodiment 1 description.

Trace mineral supplement is by weight percentage: copper sulfate 16%, ferrous sulfate 6%, yellow humic acid 0.15%, vitriolate of tartar 37.85%, zinc sulfate 11%, borax 29%.To be radix after the above-mentioned group of material mixing, every kilogram adds 5 nitroguaiacol sodium 3.5mg.Borax in the additive can be replaced by boric acid, or with the mixture of borax and boric acid, as long as guarantee that desired borax content total amount is just passable.

Embodiment 3

A kind of seedling medium, its batch volume per-cent is: the peat composed of rotten mosses 16%, peat 44%, vermiculite 27%, perlite 13%.To be radix after the group material charging mixing, per 1 cubic metre adds diammonium phosphate 1.7kg, microbial organic fertilizer 0.3kg, trace mineral supplement 0.2kg.Its production method is: the peat composed of rotten mosses, peat are packed into to feed 350 degree water vapors in the sealed vessel and carries out high-temperature sterilization in 60 minutes sterilization, and following production process is identical with embodiment 1 description.

Trace mineral supplement is by weight percentage: copper sulfate 17%, ferrous sulfate 7%, yellow humic acid 0.18%, vitriolate of tartar 35%, zinc sulfate 12%, borax 28.82%.To be radix after the above-mentioned group of material mixing, every kilogram adds 5 nitroguaiacol sodium 3.8mg.Borax in the additive can be replaced by boric acid, or with the mixture of borax and boric acid, as long as guarantee that desired borax content total amount is just passable.

Embodiment 4

A kind of seedling medium, its batch volume per-cent is: the peat composed of rotten mosses 10%, peat 50%, vermiculite 28%, perlite 12%.To be radix after the group material charging mixing, per 1 cubic metre adds diammonium phosphate 1.8kg, microbial organic fertilizer 0.31kg, trace mineral supplement 0.21kg.Its production method is: at first be disinfecting medicine and sterilizing.Be about to purity and be 80% powder of carbendazim with 1000 times water dissolution, the peat composed of rotten mosses, peat are dropped into blender inner edge strand respectively mix the limit sprinkling derosal aqueous solution.Every cubic metre is 80% powder of carbendazim 150mg with purity.Following production process is identical with embodiment 1 description.

Trace mineral supplement is by weight percentage: copper sulfate 18%, ferrous sulfate 8%, yellow humic acid 0.2%, vitriolate of tartar 22.8%, zinc sulfate 13%, borax 28%.To be radix after the above-mentioned group of material mixing, every kilogram adds 5 nitroguaiacol sodium 4mg.Borax in the additive can be replaced by boric acid, or with the mixture of borax and boric acid, as long as guarantee that desired borax content total amount is just passable.

Embodiment 5

A kind of seedling medium, its batch volume per-cent is: the peat composed of rotten mosses 5%, peat 55%, vermiculite 29%, perlite 11%.To be radix after the group material charging mixing, per 1 cubic metre adds diammonium phosphate 1.9kg, microbial organic fertilizer 0.35kg, trace mineral supplement 0.25kg.Its production method is: at first be disinfecting medicine and sterilizing.Be about to purity and be 80% powder of carbendazim with 1500 times water dissolution, the peat composed of rotten mosses, peat are dropped into blender inner edge strand respectively mix the limit sprinkling derosal aqueous solution.Every cubic metre is 80% powder of carbendazim 200mg with purity.Following production process is identical with embodiment 1 description.

Trace mineral supplement is by weight percentage: copper sulfate 19%, ferrous sulfate 9%, yellow humic acid 0.25%, vitriolate of tartar 32.75%, zinc sulfate 12%, borax 27%.To be radix after the above-mentioned group of material mixing, every kilogram adds 5 nitroguaiacol sodium 5mg.Borax in the additive can be replaced by boric acid, or with the mixture of borax and boric acid, as long as guarantee that desired borax content total amount is just passable.

Embodiment six

A kind of seedling medium, its batch volume per-cent is: peat 60%, vermiculite 30%, perlite 10%.To be radix after the group material charging mixing, per 1 cubic metre adds diammonium phosphate 2kg, microbial organic fertilizer 0.5kg, trace mineral supplement 0.3kg.Its production method is: at first be disinfecting medicine and sterilizing.Be about to purity and be 80% powder of carbendazim with 2000 times water dissolution, the peat composed of rotten mosses, peat are dropped into blender inner edge strand respectively mix the limit sprinkling derosal aqueous solution.Every cubic metre is 80% powder of carbendazim 250mg with purity.Following production process is identical with embodiment 1 description.

Trace mineral supplement formulation weight per-cent is: copper sulfate 20%, ferrous sulfate 10%, yellow humic acid 0.3%, vitriolate of tartar 32.7%, zinc sulfate 12%, borax 25%.To be radix after the above-mentioned group of material mixing, every kilogram adds 5 nitroguaiacol sodium 6mg.Borax in the additive can be replaced by boric acid, or with the mixture of borax and boric acid, as long as guarantee that desired borax content total amount is just passable.

Being one group of simultaneous test below, is example with pumpkin stock grafting watermelon, and control group has used second kind of seedling medium described in the background technology, and test group has been used seedling medium of the present invention.Experiment product pumpkin (stock), experiment quantity is 1000 caves.

Sprout (strain) Plant height (cm) Stem thick (cm) Root system number (bar) Parent (%) alive Test group ??1000 ??6.5 ??0.40 ??17 ??99.5 Control group ??1000 ??7.1 ??0.30 ??14 ??85.1

Seedling medium provided by the invention, factory's 1,000,000 strain seedling growth tests prove the effect highly significant through growing seedlings.Use seedling medium of the present invention, simple to operate, the dish of can directly packing into waters directly sowing behind the sufficient water, and it is neat to emerge, and the leaf hypertrophy, the rice shoot stalwartness, in management as long as water as required.

Claims (7)

1, a kind of seedling medium, main component comprises the peat composed of rotten mosses, peat, perlite, vermiculite, it is characterized in that being: peat composed of rotten mosses 0-20% by batch volume per-cent, peat 40-60%, vermiculite 20-35%, perlite 10-15%, after mixing with group material charging is radix, every cubic metre adds diammonium phosphate 1.5-2.0kg, microbial organic fertilizer 0.2-0.5kg, trace mineral supplement 0.15-0.3kg.
2, seedling medium according to claim 1 is characterized in that described trace mineral supplement is by weight percentage: copper sulfate 15-20%, ferrous sulfate 5-10%, yellow humic acid 0.1-0.3%, vitriolate of tartar 25-40%, zinc sulfate 10-15%, borax 25-30%; To be radix after the above-mentioned group of material mixing, every kilogram adds 5 nitroguaiacol sodium 3-6mg.
3, seedling medium according to claim 2 is characterized in that the borax in the described additive can replace with boric acid, or with the mixture of borax and boric acid.
4, seedling medium according to claim 1 is characterized in that its main component of described microbial organic fertilizer is by weight percentage: chicken manure 40-50%, dregs of beans 18-25%, wood powder 20-30%, bacterial classification 1-2%, organic charcoal 10-18%.
5,, it is characterized in that may further comprise the steps according to the manufacture method of each described seedling medium of claim 1-4:
A, sterilization: with the sterilization that carries out disinfection of the peat composed of rotten mosses, peat;
B, strand are mixed: the peat composed of rotten mosses, peat and vermiculite, perlite, diammonium phosphate, microbial organic fertilizer, trace mineral supplement after by the said ratio requirement high-temperature sterilization being sterilized are put into the blender strand and are mixed;
C, sieve: strand is mixed uniform matrix sieve;
D, metering: the matrix after will sieving enters the dosing container metering;
E, packing: pack is sealed.
6, the manufacture method of seedling medium according to claim 5 is characterized in that sterilization in the described A step is that the peat composed of rotten mosses, peat are packed in the sealed vessel, feeds 250-350 degree water vapor, heats and carries out the high-temperature sterilization sterilization in 30-60 minute.
7, the manufacture method of seedling medium according to claim 5, it is characterized in that sterilization in the described A step is is 80% powder of carbendazim with 1000-2000 water dissolution doubly with purity, the peat composed of rotten mosses, peat are dropped into blender inner edge strand respectively mix the limit and spray the derosal aqueous solution, every cubic metre is 80% powder of carbendazim 150-250mg with purity.
CNA2008101390983A 2008-08-27 2008-08-27 Seedling substrate and manufacturing method thereof CN101348400A (en)

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CN102187778A (en) * 2011-03-08 2011-09-21 山西天行若木生物工程开发有限公司 Mixed nutritional seedling medium
CN102603399A (en) * 2012-03-02 2012-07-25 宿迁沃绿宝有机农业开发有限公司 Production process of rice seedling-raising substrate
CN102786349A (en) * 2012-08-15 2012-11-21 苏州硒谷科技有限公司 Selenium-rich watermelon seedling raising matrix and method of producing organic selenium-rich watermelon by using same
CN102875244A (en) * 2012-10-25 2013-01-16 江苏红豆杉生物科技股份有限公司 Nutrient soil for yew and preparation method of nutrient soil
CN103102217A (en) * 2013-01-25 2013-05-15 石河子大学 Soil-free plug seedling substrate and preparation method thereof
CN103891546A (en) * 2012-12-26 2014-07-02 东港市丰穗肥业有限公司 Nutrient soil for greenhouse seedling growing and application of nutrient soil for greenhouse seedling growing
CN104211517A (en) * 2014-09-06 2014-12-17 江苏沃绿宝有机农业开发有限公司 Watermelon seedling culture matrix and preparation method thereof
CN104355893A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-02-18 柳州市潮林机械有限公司 Special nutritional soil for zephyranthes candida and preparation method thereof
CN104557216A (en) * 2015-02-08 2015-04-29 王前进 Vegetable seedling culture substrate and preparation method thereof
CN104663300A (en) * 2013-12-03 2015-06-03 东港市丰穗肥业有限公司 Nutrient soil applied to greenhouse waxy corn seedling culture and application of nutrient soil
CN103858737B (en) * 2012-12-11 2015-11-04 北京合力清源科技有限公司 One plant cultivation matrix and its preparation method and application
CN105130674A (en) * 2015-09-16 2015-12-09 福建省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Compound substrate for seedling tomatoes in saline soil
CN105294326A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-02-03 沈阳农业大学 Specific nutrient seedling growing soil for peanuts and preparation method of specific nutrient seedling growing soil
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CN105503435A (en) * 2016-01-06 2016-04-20 和县乌江镇雅轩家庭农场 Nutrient soil for peanut seedling culture
CN105967904A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-09-28 李建涛 Vegetable cultivation medium overcoming geographical limitation
CN106106106A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-11-16 林志仓 Plant cultivation media and module thereof
CN106431690A (en) * 2016-10-17 2017-02-22 钟山佳园生态农业有限公司 Seedling culture substrate composition for flowers and plants
CN106748207A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-31 红河哈尼族彝族自治州茶桑果站 A kind of banana seedling medium and preparation method thereof
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CN107540444A (en) * 2017-08-22 2018-01-05 广东海纳农业有限公司 A kind of rice rapid seedling-raising matrix and preparation method thereof
CN107556071A (en) * 2016-06-30 2018-01-09 孟雷 A kind of fertilizer
CN108178676A (en) * 2018-02-12 2018-06-19 平南县兴民龙藤茶业专业合作社 A kind of tea tree seedling medium
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CN108522208A (en) * 2018-05-01 2018-09-14 王其俊 A kind of organic matter selenium-rich multielement seedling medium and preparation method
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CN102187778A (en) * 2011-03-08 2011-09-21 山西天行若木生物工程开发有限公司 Mixed nutritional seedling medium
CN102603399A (en) * 2012-03-02 2012-07-25 宿迁沃绿宝有机农业开发有限公司 Production process of rice seedling-raising substrate
CN102786349A (en) * 2012-08-15 2012-11-21 苏州硒谷科技有限公司 Selenium-rich watermelon seedling raising matrix and method of producing organic selenium-rich watermelon by using same
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CN103858737B (en) * 2012-12-11 2015-11-04 北京合力清源科技有限公司 One plant cultivation matrix and its preparation method and application
CN103891546A (en) * 2012-12-26 2014-07-02 东港市丰穗肥业有限公司 Nutrient soil for greenhouse seedling growing and application of nutrient soil for greenhouse seedling growing
CN103102217A (en) * 2013-01-25 2013-05-15 石河子大学 Soil-free plug seedling substrate and preparation method thereof
CN103102217B (en) * 2013-01-25 2015-04-22 石河子大学 Soil-free plug seedling substrate and preparation method thereof
CN104663300A (en) * 2013-12-03 2015-06-03 东港市丰穗肥业有限公司 Nutrient soil applied to greenhouse waxy corn seedling culture and application of nutrient soil
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CN104355893A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-02-18 柳州市潮林机械有限公司 Special nutritional soil for zephyranthes candida and preparation method thereof
CN104557216A (en) * 2015-02-08 2015-04-29 王前进 Vegetable seedling culture substrate and preparation method thereof
CN105130674A (en) * 2015-09-16 2015-12-09 福建省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Compound substrate for seedling tomatoes in saline soil
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CN108522208A (en) * 2018-05-01 2018-09-14 王其俊 A kind of organic matter selenium-rich multielement seedling medium and preparation method
CN108516898A (en) * 2018-06-19 2018-09-11 界首市泉阳富民种鸽家庭农场 A kind of high protein organic seedling raising matrix and preparation method thereof
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