CN101347911A - Numerical control reverse direction machining aggregate machinery - Google Patents

Numerical control reverse direction machining aggregate machinery Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101347911A
CN101347911A CNA2008100211064A CN200810021106A CN101347911A CN 101347911 A CN101347911 A CN 101347911A CN A2008100211064 A CNA2008100211064 A CN A2008100211064A CN 200810021106 A CN200810021106 A CN 200810021106A CN 101347911 A CN101347911 A CN 101347911A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ram
axis
slide plate
main spindle
column
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CNA2008100211064A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101347911B (en
Inventor
仲秋
许兴旺
蔡国保
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JIANGSU HENGLI COMBINED MACHINE TOOL CO Ltd
Original Assignee
JIANGSU HENGLI COMBINED MACHINE TOOL CO Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by JIANGSU HENGLI COMBINED MACHINE TOOL CO Ltd filed Critical JIANGSU HENGLI COMBINED MACHINE TOOL CO Ltd
Priority to CN2008100211064A priority Critical patent/CN101347911B/en
Publication of CN101347911A publication Critical patent/CN101347911A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101347911B publication Critical patent/CN101347911B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention relates to a numerical control reverse processing combined machine tool which is composed of a work fixture unit for fixing a part to be processed, a motor, an X axis direction guide way, a Y axis direction guide way, a Z axis direction guide way, a spindle box module for fixing tools, a sliding plate, a ram, an upright post and a base; the upright post and the base are provided with the X axis direction guide way, and the upright post is arranged on the base and can move along the X axis direction guide way; the upright post is provided with the Y axis direction guide way, and the sliding plate is arranged on the upright post and can move along the Y axis direction guide way; the sliding plate and the ram are provided with the Z axis direction guide way, and the ram is arranged on the sliding plate and can move along the Z axis direction guide way; the work fixture can be arranged on a revolving axle of a B axis; the upright post does horizontal linear movement oppositely to the base along the X axis direction; the sliding plate does vertical linear movement oppositely to the upright post along the Y axis direction; the sliding plate is arranged along the Z axis direction and internally provided with the ram, and square holes on the sliding plate and the ram longitudinally stretch back and forth to form the longitudinal and horizontal movement of the Z axis; the work fixture can be directly installed on the end face of the ram of the Z axis, or placed on the revolving axle of the B axis and then mounted on the end face of the ram, and the tool is installed on the spindle of a multi-spindle box.

Description

Numerical control reverse direction machining aggregate machinery
Technical field
The present invention relates to the structure of digital control combined machine tool.
Background technology
Numerical control reverse direction processing module building-block machine, be a kind of frock clamp that can provide in X-direction, Y direction, Z-direction (perhaps Y direction and Z-direction) motion, and several many main spindle boxes modules are that a kind of novel trans of fixing is to lathe.X-direction is the relative base horizontal rectilinear motion of column in numerical control reverse direction processing module building-block machine; Y direction is the relative column vertical line motion of slide plate; Z-direction is during slide plate is ram to be housed, and front and back longitudinal extension between the square hole of ram and slide plate constitutes the motion of Z axle vertical equity.At the ram front end frock clamp (or install and can be with the rotating frock clamp of B axle) is installed, several many main spindle boxes modules are installed in stack on the frock clamp opposite, can several many main spindle boxes modules be installed in the left side stack, also can superpose equally several many main spindle boxes modules are installed on the right side, or simultaneously in several many main spindle boxes modules of left and right sides stack installation.
Transfer line of modular machine, automatic production line of modular machine is to be combined by some lathes, workpiece clamps to the anchor clamps location by conveying device, cutter is installed on many main spindle boxes, and many main spindle boxes drive by the feeding slide unit and carry out machining, and it is the real part processing that single variety is produced in enormous quantities that adapts to, the transfer line of modular machine, automatic production line of modular machine floor space is bigger, one-time investment expense height, the time is long, and it is slow to take effect, can't realize changes the line of production remodels, and has a big risk.And numerical control reverse direction processing module building-block machine has the advantage of machining center, has very strong flexibility, only needs more transducer set frock clamp and many main spindle boxes, the modularized design of many main spindle boxes, change convenient and swiftly, small investment is particularly suitable for the enterprise that many kinds small batch is produced.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem of purpose of the present invention and solution is: overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of high-efficiency flexible good numerical control reverse direction processing module building-block machine.Especially fixedly the frock clamp unit of processing parts is in the position of X-direction, Y direction, the movable adjusting workpiece of Z-direction (perhaps Y direction and Z-direction), and be provided with the main spindle box module of several fixed cutting tools, the main spindle box module is (main shaft is in the work of rotating band moving knife tool) fixed, proposes a kind of novel trans to lathe.
Technical solution of the present invention is: numerical control reverse direction processing module building-block machine, the method to set up and the building-block machine that comprise digital control combined machine tool, main spindle box module, slide plate, ram, column and base by frock clamp unit, motor and the X-direction of fixing processing parts, Y direction, Z-direction guide rail, fixed cutting tool constitute, it is characterized in that column and base are provided with the X-axis guide rail, column is located on the base and along the X-axis guide rail movement; Slide plate and column are provided with the Y-axis guide rail, and slide plate is located on the column and along the Y-axis guide rail movement; Slide plate and ram are provided with the Z axis rail, and ram is located on the slide plate and along the Z axis rail and is moved; Frock clamp can be located on the B axle gyroaxis, and B axle gyroaxis is located at the ram front end, or frock clamp is directly installed on the ram end face; Or/and the side superposes several many main spindle boxes modules are installed on the frock clamp opposite, as can several many main spindle boxes modules being installed in the left side stack, also can superpose equally several many main spindle boxes modules are installed on the right side, or simultaneously in several many main spindle boxes modules of left and right sides stack installation.Lathe is characterised in that:
(1). frock clamp is directly installed on the ram end face of Z axle.
(2). frock clamp can place B axle gyroaxis and be installed on the ram end face.
(3) Y-axis of slide plate adopts the two drivings of ball wire bar pair, and is symmetrical arranged with the ram center line.
(4) be provided with a balancing cylinder in the middle of the slide plate, and with the ram central lines.
(5) the overlapping setting of several many main spindle boxes.
(6) cutter is installed on the main shaft of many main spindle boxes.
The present invention be a kind of frock clamp that can provide in X-direction, Y direction, Z-direction (perhaps Y direction and Z-direction) motion, and several many main spindle boxes modules are that a kind of novel trans of fixing is to lathe.X-direction is the relative base horizontal rectilinear motion of column in numerical control reverse direction processing module building-block machine; Y direction is the relative column vertical line motion of slide plate; Z-direction is during slide plate is ram to be housed, and front and back longitudinal extension between the square hole of ram and slide plate constitutes the motion of Z axle vertical equity.Fixedly the frock clamp unit of processing parts is that column is made horizontal rectilinear motion with respect to base in X-direction in numerical control reverse direction processing module building-block machine; Y direction is the relative column vertical line motion of slide plate; Z-direction is in the described slide plate ram to be housed, and front and back longitudinal extension between the square hole of ram and slide plate constitutes the motion of Z axle vertical equity.Install and fix the frock clamp unit of processing parts at the front end of described ram, this element is can be around the rotating frock clamp of axle, several many main spindle boxes modules are installed in stack on the frock clamp opposite, can be in many main spindle boxes module of several fixed cutting tools of left side stack installation, or many main spindle boxes module of several fixed cutting tools of installation that can superpose equally on the right side, or simultaneously in several many main spindle boxes modules of left and right sides stack installation.
Numerical control reverse direction processing module building-block machine and horizontal Machining centers contrast have following characteristics:
(1) in machine tool structure, adopt the processing of many main spindle boxes multitool, working (machining) efficiency improves more than the several times.
(2) a machine tool is equivalent to a small-sized transfer matic, in machine tool structure, saves a lot of slide unit infeed means, and many main spindle boxes relative fixed has reduced the guide rail rectilinear motion and brought error, has improved the machining accuracy of lathe; Save a lot of slide unit infeed means, reduce scale of investment, increase economic efficiency.
(3) the Y-axis slide plate adopts two ballscrew nut fittings to drive in the both sides of ram, make ram centripetal force center of effort and ram overlapped by the center of cutting force, improved the force-bearing situation of guide rail and ball wire bar pair greatly, feed mechanism is stressed evenly, has improved positioning accuracy and machining accuracy.
(4) in the middle of the Y-axis slide plate, be provided with a balancing cylinder, the weight of balance slide plate and ram, make the center of gravity of slide plate and ram mechanism overlap with the equilibrant force effect center of gravity of a balancing cylinder, guide rail and ball wire bar pair are stressed evenly, the additional deflection moment that feed mechanism bears is very little, has further improved the force-bearing situation of guide rail and ball wire bar pair.
Numerical control reverse direction processing module building-block machine and horizontal Machining centers contrast have following characteristics:
1. horizontal Machining centers is that workpiece is installed on the workbench, cutter is installed on the main axle unit, main axle unit carries out machining with X-axis, Y-axis, the motion of Z axle to workpiece, and numerical control reverse direction processing module building-block machine is that cutter is installed on fixing many main spindle boxes, workpiece is installed on the ram end face, and workpiece carries out machining with X-axis, Y-axis, the motion of Z axle to workpiece.
2. horizontal Machining centers is that single main shaft hilted broadsword carries out machining to workpiece, simultaneously workpiece is carried out machining and numerical control reverse direction processing module building-block machine is many main shafts multitool.
3. horizontal Machining centers is to carry out tool changing by tool magazine, and numerical control reverse direction processing module building-block machine cutter is directly installed on many main spindle boxes, does not need tool changing to save non-cutting time.
4. horizontal Machining centers is to realize four sides processing by rotary table, and numerical control reverse direction processing module building-block machine is the two sides in frock, and several many main spindle boxes modules are installed in stack.
In sum: numerical control reverse direction processing module building-block machine and horizontal Machining centers contrast, efficient improves several times.
Numerical control reverse direction processing module building-block machine and transfer line of modular machine, automatic production line of modular machine contrast have following characteristics:
Transfer line of modular machine, automatic production line of modular machine is to be combined by some lathes, workpiece clamps to the anchor clamps location by conveying device, cutter is installed on many main spindle boxes, and many main spindle boxes drive by the feeding slide unit and carry out machining, and it especially adapts to the part processing that single variety is produced in enormous quantities.Existing transfer line of modular machine, automatic production line of modular machine floor space is bigger, one-time investment expense height, and the time is long, and it is slow to take effect, and can't realize changes the line of production remodels, and has a big risk.And numerical control reverse direction processing module building-block machine of the present invention has the advantage of machining center, has very strong flexibility, only needs more transducer set frock clamp and many main spindle boxes, the modularized design of many main spindle boxes, change convenient and swiftly, small investment is particularly suitable for the enterprise that many kinds small batch is produced.
In sum: numerical control reverse direction processing module building-block machine and horizontal Machining centers contrast, efficient improves several times: in machine tool structure, adopt the processing of many main spindle boxes multitool, working (machining) efficiency improves more than the several times.A machine tool is equivalent to a small-sized transfer matic, in machine tool structure, saves a lot of slide unit infeed means, and many main spindle boxes relative fixed has reduced the guide rail rectilinear motion and brought error, has improved the machining accuracy of lathe; Save a lot of slide unit infeed means, reduce scale of investment, increase economic efficiency.The Y-axis slide plate adopts two ballscrew nut fittings to drive in the both sides of ram, make ram centripetal force center of effort and ram overlapped by the center of cutting force, improved the force-bearing situation of guide rail and ball wire bar pair greatly, feed mechanism is stressed evenly, has improved positioning accuracy and machining accuracy.In the middle of the Y-axis slide plate, be provided with a balancing cylinder, the weight of balance slide plate and ram, make the center of gravity of slide plate and ram mechanism overlap with the equilibrant force effect center of gravity of a balancing cylinder, guide rail and ball wire bar pair are stressed evenly, the additional deflection moment that feed mechanism bears is very little, has further improved the force-bearing situation of guide rail and ball wire bar pair.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a front view of the present invention
Fig. 2 is a left view of the present invention
Fig. 3 is a vertical view of the present invention
Fig. 4 is a longitudinal section view
1. bases among the figure, 2. slide plate, 3. column, 4. ram, 5.X axle servomotor, 6.X shaft ball screw, 7.X axis rail, 8.Y axis rail, 9.Y shaft ball screw, 10.Y the axle servomotor, 11. hydro-cushion oil cylinders, 12. frock clamps, 13. many main spindle boxes, 14.Z axle servomotor, 15.B axle gyroaxis, 16. many main spindle boxes motor, 17. cutter .18. main shaft .19.Z shaft ball screws
The specific embodiment
Embodiments of the invention: column 3 and base 1 are provided with X-axis guide rail 7, and column 3 is located on the base 1, are driven by X-axis servomotor 5, by 6 transmissions of X-axis ball screw, move along X-axis guide rail 7; Slide plate 2 and column 3 are provided with Y-axis guide rail 8, and slide plate 2 is located on the column 3, and two Y-axis servomotors 10 drive simultaneously, by 9 transmissions of Y-axis ball screw, move along Y-axis guide rail 8, at column 3) centering position, top hydro-cushion oil cylinder 11 is installed, piston rod 20 1 ends are connected with slide plate 2; Slide plate 2 and ram 4 are provided with Z axis rail 14, and ram 4 is located on the slide plate 2, and Z axle servomotor 14 drives, and by the transmission of Z shaft ball screw, moves along Z axis rail 14; Frock clamp 12 can be located on the B axle gyroaxis 15, and B axle gyroaxis 15 is located at ram 4 front ends, or frock clamp 12 is directly installed on ram 4 end faces; Several many main spindle box 13 modules are installed in stack on frock clamp 12 opposites, can several many main spindle box 13 modules be installed in the left side stack, also can superpose equally several many main spindle box 13 modules are installed on the right side, or simultaneously at several many main spindle boxes modules of left and right sides stack installation, mounting cutter 17 on the main shaft 18 of each many main spindle box.Base is provided with the X-axis guide rail and also can be that ball wire bar pair is two to be driven, therefore, and to the control of workpiece and all significantly same or similar with prior art to the control of main spindle box.

Claims (4)

1, numerical control reverse direction machining aggregate machinery, it is characterized in that constituting by main spindle box module, slide plate, ram, column and the base of frock clamp unit, motor and the X-direction of fixing processing parts, Y direction, Z-direction guide rail, fixed cutting tool, column and base are provided with the X-axis guide rail, and column is located on the base and along the X-axis guide rail movement; Column is provided with the Y-axis guide rail, and slide plate is located on the column and along the Y-axis guide rail movement; Slide plate and ram are provided with the Z axis rail, and ram is located on the slide plate and along the Z axis rail and is moved; Frock clamp can be located on the B axle gyroaxis, and B axle gyroaxis is located at the ram front end, or frock clamp is directly installed on the ram end face; On the frock clamp opposite or/and the side fixedly mounts several many main spindle boxes modules; X-direction is the relative base horizontal rectilinear motion of column; Y direction is the relative column vertical line motion of slide plate; Z-direction is during slide plate is ram to be housed, longitudinal extension before and after between the square hole of ram and slide plate, constitute the motion of Z axle vertical equity: frock clamp is directly installed on the ram end face of Z axle or places B axle gyroaxis and be installed on the ram end face, and cutter is installed on the main shaft of many main spindle boxes.
2, the Y-axis that numerical control reverse direction machining aggregate machinery according to claim 1, its feature are levied at described frock clamp slide plate adopts the two drivings of ball wire bar pair, and is symmetrical arranged with the ram center line.
3, numerical control reverse direction machining aggregate machinery according to claim 1 is characterized in that being provided with in the middle of the slide plate balancing cylinder, and with the ram central lines.
4, numerical control reverse direction machining aggregate machinery according to claim 3 is characterized in that several many main spindle boxes modules being installed or superposeing equally on the right side in left side stack several many main spindle boxes modules are installed; Or simultaneously in several many main spindle boxes modules of left and right sides stack installation.
CN2008100211064A 2008-08-01 2008-08-01 Numerical control reverse direction machining aggregate machinery Expired - Fee Related CN101347911B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008100211064A CN101347911B (en) 2008-08-01 2008-08-01 Numerical control reverse direction machining aggregate machinery

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008100211064A CN101347911B (en) 2008-08-01 2008-08-01 Numerical control reverse direction machining aggregate machinery

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101347911A true CN101347911A (en) 2009-01-21
CN101347911B CN101347911B (en) 2012-07-11

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101653842B (en) * 2009-09-09 2012-05-23 安徽同兴科技发展有限责任公司 Multi-mainshaft numerical-control processing center
CN103084838A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-05-08 柳州易舟汽车空调有限公司 Equipment for machining machine shell of scroll compressor
CN104759931A (en) * 2014-01-03 2015-07-08 上海厚昌精密机械有限公司 Machining center
CN105817958A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-08-03 西安交通大学 Flexible machining equipment of multi-main shaft and multi-station connecting rods
CN107745270A (en) * 2017-10-14 2018-03-02 歌尔股份有限公司 Multi-faceted rotary fixture

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4405507A1 (en) * 1994-02-22 1995-08-24 Nagel Peter Multispindle machining centre under computerised numerical control
DE19726309A1 (en) * 1997-06-20 1998-12-24 Emag Masch Vertriebs Serv Gmbh Machining cell
EP1346788A3 (en) * 2002-03-22 2003-10-22 GROB-Werke Burkhart Grob e.K. Machining centre
CN2593950Y (en) * 2002-12-30 2003-12-24 广州市敏嘉制造技术有限公司 Digital controlled lathing and milling center with dynamic column
CN101015897A (en) * 2007-02-27 2007-08-15 江苏恒力组合机床有限公司 Three-axis processing module of digital control combined machine tool
CN201264181Y (en) * 2008-08-01 2009-07-01 江苏恒力组合机床有限公司 Numerical control reverse direction machining aggregate machinery

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101653842B (en) * 2009-09-09 2012-05-23 安徽同兴科技发展有限责任公司 Multi-mainshaft numerical-control processing center
CN103084838A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-05-08 柳州易舟汽车空调有限公司 Equipment for machining machine shell of scroll compressor
CN104759931A (en) * 2014-01-03 2015-07-08 上海厚昌精密机械有限公司 Machining center
CN105817958A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-08-03 西安交通大学 Flexible machining equipment of multi-main shaft and multi-station connecting rods
CN105817958B (en) * 2016-05-18 2018-10-26 西安交通大学 A kind of more main shaft multistation flexibility of linking rod process equipments
CN107745270A (en) * 2017-10-14 2018-03-02 歌尔股份有限公司 Multi-faceted rotary fixture
CN107745270B (en) * 2017-10-14 2019-08-27 歌尔股份有限公司 Multi-faceted rotary fixture

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