CN101344993A - Watercraft remote monitoring system - Google Patents

Watercraft remote monitoring system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101344993A
CN101344993A CNA2008100346945A CN200810034694A CN101344993A CN 101344993 A CN101344993 A CN 101344993A CN A2008100346945 A CNA2008100346945 A CN A2008100346945A CN 200810034694 A CN200810034694 A CN 200810034694A CN 101344993 A CN101344993 A CN 101344993A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
data
ship
remote monitoring
transmission
gprs
Prior art date
Application number
CNA2008100346945A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈爱弟
顾伟
高迪驹
俞万能
施欣
曹云
Original Assignee
上海海事大学
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Application filed by 上海海事大学 filed Critical 上海海事大学
Priority to CNA2008100346945A priority Critical patent/CN101344993A/en
Publication of CN101344993A publication Critical patent/CN101344993A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a ship remote monitoring system, relating to a remote monitoring system, in particular to a ship remote monitoring system. The ship remote monitoring system can monitor the state of travelling ships and transmits the real-time information of the ship to the Internet by GPRS/CDMA network or satellite; the real-time information is then transmitted to shipping units such as maritime department and shipping company, etc. by the internet; furthermore, data is processed, disposed and analysed. The ship remote monitoring system has the advantages of extremely far transmission distance, stable system and even realizing global communication; the ship remote monitoring system is provided with a set of redundant independent GPS system which can position normally during the failure of AIS; the ship remote monitoring system is provided with a rich and practical visible interface and facilitates the intuitive transmission of the information of ship to corresponding business personnel.

Description

A kind of watercraft remote monitoring system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of long distance control system, be specially a kind of watercraft remote monitoring system.
Background technology
Along with water transportation is busy day by day, marine incident happens occasionally, serious threat navigation safety and water area ecological environment.People more and more recognize the importance of carrying out remote monitoring ship's navigation state by land in the navigation safety safeguards technique.
Ship automatic identification system (AIS) and ship craft integrated warning system all are installed on modern ships, the especially foreign-going ship.Comprise three class important informations in the ship automatic identification system: static information comprises ship'call sign and name of vessel, ship shape parameter etc.; Multidate information comprises accommodation (longitude and latitude), course, the speed of a ship or plane etc.; The information relevant with flight number comprises drauht, dangerous cargo type, port of destination and Estimated Time of Arrival etc.Comprise cabin operating condition data in the ship craft integrated warning system, mainly contain propulsion system, electric power station system, air-conditioning system and other the real-time working condition data such as backup system of boats and ships.The navigation situation of boats and ships was carried out the boats and ships supervision and management under these information were controlled at any time for shipping units such as land maritime sector, shipping companies, and relief waterborne, accident emergency processing etc. ensure that navigation safety is extremely important.
But for the information transmission range of ship automatic identification system and ship craft integrated warning system and the reason in path, these underway ship informations are difficult to be sent to fast at a distance shipping units such as maritime sector, shipping company, give the boats and ships supervision and management, relief waterborne, accident emergency processing etc. has caused inconvenience.
In order to ensure the navigation safety in waters, press for a kind of can the monitoring, and information can be sent to the watercraft remote monitoring system of shipping units such as maritime sector, shipping company by suitable path the state of navigating ship.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of watercraft remote monitoring system, can monitor the state of navigating ship, the boats and ships real-time information is sent to shipping units such as maritime sector, shipping company by suitable path, and data are processed, handle, analyzed.
Technical matters solved by the invention can realize by the following technical solutions:
A kind of watercraft remote monitoring system is divided into ship base section and bank base section, and the ship base section has embedded data acquisition and transmission process system, ship automatic identification system (AIS), ship craft integrated warning system; The bank base section has data receiving system, data transmission system, data handling system, monitor terminal, it is characterized in that, the embedded data acquisition of described ship base section is connected ship automatic identification system (AIS) respectively with the data acquisition end of transmission process system, ship craft integrated warning system, the GPS module, the data sending terminal of the embedded data acquisition of described ship base section and transmission process system and GPRS the cdma communication module, the satellite communication Shipborne terminal connects, described embedded data acquisition and transmission process system are from ship automatic identification system (AIS), obtain the cabin operating condition data of the aeronautical data and the boats and ships of boats and ships in GPS module and the ship craft integrated warning system, and by GPRS cdma mobile communication net or satellite communication network the boats and ships current data that gets access to is transferred to the bank base section.
Described satellite communication Shipborne terminal, GPRS CDMA module and GPS module are connected with separately antenna respectively.
Described embedded data acquisition and transmission process system close the satellite communication Shipborne terminal when GPRS cdma network is arranged, start the satellite communication Shipborne terminal when not having GPRS cdma network.
Described embedded data acquisition and transmission process system have CAN bus interface, dual serial mouth, RAM and FLASH storer and USB interface, and described embedded data acquisition and transmission process system are connected with ship craft integrated warning system by the CAN bus; Described dual serial mouth connects satellite communication Shipborne terminal and ship automatic identification system (AIS) respectively.
Embedded data acquisition and transmission process system obtain the ship's navigation data from ship automatic identification system (AIS), mainly contain static information, multidate information and other information relevant with flight number of boats and ships;
The different working condition requirements of dissimilar and engine room facilities according to boats and ships, embedded data acquisition and transmission process system obtain cabin operating condition data from ship craft integrated warning system, mainly contain propulsion system, electric power station system, air-conditioning system and other the real-time working condition data such as backup system of boats and ships.
The data receiving system of described bank base section adopt the receiving system of existing satellite operating system and GPRS the receiving system of CDMA operating system; Described data transmission system is by the data gateway of satellite operating system and the data gateway of GPRS CDMA operating system, and forms with the internet that gateway connects; Described data handling system has the communication server that connects the internet, and the communication server connects the data server of being responsible for data processing, and data server connects LAN (Local Area Network); Described monitor terminal connects data server by LAN (Local Area Network); Monitor terminal is a visual information with the data conversion on the data server that receives, and shows by visualization interface.
System work process is as follows:
Embedded data acquisition and transmission process system obtain three class data from ship automatic identification system (AIS): static information comprises ship'call sign and name of vessel, ship shape parameter etc.; Multidate information comprises accommodation (longitude and latitude), course, the speed of a ship or plane etc.; The information relevant with flight number comprises drauht, dangerous cargo type, port of destination and Estimated Time of Arrival etc.
Embedded data acquisition and transmission process system obtain information such as the accommodation (longitude and latitude), course, the speed of a ship or plane of this ship by the GPS module, information such as this ship accommodation (longitude and latitude) among this information and the AIS, course, the speed of a ship or plane repeat, in case above information can not be gathered during the AIS system closing.
Embedded data acquisition and transmission process system mainly obtain propulsion system information, electric power station system information, air-conditioning system information and other the real-time working condition data such as backup system information of boats and ships from ship craft integrated warning system.
Embedded data acquisition and transmission process system close the satellite communication Shipborne terminal when GPRS cdma network signal is arranged, start the satellite communication Shipborne terminal when not having GPRS cdma network signal, the above-mentioned information of being obtained is imported the internet into by communication operation company data gateway.
The bank base communication server reads the data message that the ship base section spreads out of by the internet, behind filtering invalid data and the invalid data, data is passed to data server.
Data server the boats and ships teledata is unpacked and decompress after carry out validity check, format conversion, classification and the sign of data again.Data transfer after data server will be handled is given monitor terminal, and monitor terminal mainly is the state by visualization interface reproduction boats and ships end.
Visualization interface comprises:
(1) tabulation shows: conventional parameter tabulation, user tabulate automatically, the Realtime Alerts tabulation;
(2) trend curve figure shows: real-time tendency figure, historical trend figure;
(3) graphical meter shows: column figure, pointer analogue instrument, device emulation figure;
(4) warning function: historical, the alarm of day warning;
(5) parameter is provided with function: alarm setting value is revised, reported to the police, and shielding is set, graphic presentation is self-defined.
Beneficial effect: the present invention can monitor in real time to the operational configuration of boats and ships, with ship information by GPRS cdma network or satellite communication be delivered to the internet, be sent to shipping units such as maritime sector, shipping company again by the internet, and data are processed, handle, analyzed.It is very far away even realize the advantage of global communication to have transmission range; Characteristics with system stability have the redundant independently gps system of a cover, can normally locate when ais failure; Have abundant practical visualization interface, be convenient to ship information is conveyed to the staff intuitively.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an one-piece construction synoptic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a ship base section structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a bank base section structural representation of the present invention.
Embodiment
For technological means, creation characteristic that the present invention is realized, reach purpose and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with concrete diagram, further set forth the present invention.
With reference to Fig. 1, watercraft remote monitoring system, be divided into ship base section 1 and bank base section 2, the embedded data acquisition of ship base section 1 and the ship's navigation of transmission process system acquisition and cabin operating condition real-time information, and by GPRS CDMA module 11 or satellite communication Shipborne terminal 12 to GPRS cdma network or satellite transmits ship information.Bank base section 2 reads the boats and ships real-time information by the internet from GPRS CDMA operator data gateway or satellite operating system data gateway, and handles.
With reference to Fig. 2, embedded data acquisition and transmission process system 14 adopt 386CPU for the consideration CPU of stability, power consumption and cost; Embedded data acquisition and transmission process system 14 be equipped with GPS module 16, GPRS CDMA module 11; Existing ship automatic identification system (AIS) 13 on the ship is connected by the RS232 serial port with transmission process system 14 with embedded data acquisition; Satellite communication Shipborne terminal 12 adopts the satellite communication terminal of the big-dipper satellite communication system of China, is connected by the RS232 serial port with transmission process disposal system 14 with embedded data acquisition; Existing ship craft integrated warning system 15 on the ship is connected by the CAN bus interface with transmission process system 14 with embedded data acquisition.
With reference to Fig. 3, the data receiving system of described bank base section adopt the receiving system of satellite operating system and GPRS the receiving system of CDMA operating system; Described data transmission system is made up of the data gateway of satellite operating system and data gateway, the internet of GPRS CDMA operating system; Data handling system has the communication server 31 that connects the internet, and the communication server 31 connects the data server 32 of being responsible for data processing, and data server 32 connects LAN (Local Area Network); Described monitor terminal 33 connects data server by LAN (Local Area Network); Monitor terminal 33 is a visual information with the data conversion on the data server that receives.
32 pairs of boats and ships teledatas of data server unpack and decompress after carry out validity check, format conversion, classification and the sign of data again.Carrying out validity check is filtering invalid data and invalid data.Validity check comprises: the accuracy check of data age, the range check of data value, abnormal data check.Data Format Transform is that the data with different dimensions convert standard dimension data (is standard with kg/m/s and derived unit thereof) without exception to, and unified data type.The classification of numerical data is divided into ship's navigation data, cabin status data and cargo state data with sign according to data function.The target current data was by labelling to provisioning request, so that identification of bank base section application system and data reusing when these were with.Current data is added two kinds of modes with datacycle renewal and datacycle simultaneously and is stored in data processing server.The former is current data all the time, and the latter is a historical data, preserves length and can regulate as required.
Data transfer after data server 32 will be handled is given monitor terminal 33, and monitor terminal 33 is by the state of visualization interface reproduction boats and ships end.
Visualization interface comprises:
(1) tabulation shows: conventional parameter tabulation, user tabulate automatically, the Realtime Alerts tabulation;
(2) trend curve figure shows: real-time tendency figure, historical trend figure;
(3) graphical meter shows: column figure, pointer analogue instrument, device emulation figure;
(4) warning function: historical, the alarm of day warning;
(5) parameter is provided with function: alarm setting value is revised, reported to the police, and shielding is set, graphic presentation is self-defined.
More than show and described ultimate principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technician of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; that describes in the foregoing description and the instructions just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.The claimed scope of the present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (6)

1. a watercraft remote monitoring system is divided into ship base section and bank base section, and the ship base section has embedded data acquisition and transmission process system, ship automatic identification system (AIS), ship craft integrated warning system; The bank base section has data receiving system, data transmission system, data handling system, monitor terminal, it is characterized in that, the embedded data acquisition of described ship base section is connected ship automatic identification system (AIS) respectively with the data acquisition end of transmission process system, ship craft integrated warning system, the GPS module, the data sending terminal of the embedded data acquisition of described ship base section and transmission process system and GPRS the cdma communication module, the satellite communication Shipborne terminal connects, described embedded data acquisition and transmission process system are from ship automatic identification system (AIS), obtain the cabin operating condition data of the aeronautical data and the boats and ships of boats and ships in GPS module and the ship craft integrated warning system, and by GPRS cdma mobile communication net or satellite communication network the boats and ships current data that gets access to is transferred to the bank base section.
2. a kind of watercraft remote monitoring system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described embedded data acquisition and transmission process system close the satellite communication Shipborne terminal when GPRS cdma network is arranged, start the satellite communication Shipborne terminal when not having GPRS cdma network.
3. a kind of watercraft remote monitoring system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described embedded data acquisition and transmission process system have CAN bus interface, dual serial mouth, RAM and FLASH storer and USB interface, described embedded data acquisition and transmission process system are connected with ship craft integrated warning system by the CAN bus; Described dual serial mouth connects satellite communication Shipborne terminal and ship automatic identification system (AIS) respectively.
4. a kind of watercraft remote monitoring system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, embedded data acquisition and transmission process system use this network to send information when GPRS cdma network is arranged, and start the satellite communication Shipborne terminal and send information when not having GPRS cdma network.
5. a kind of watercraft remote monitoring system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the data receiving system of described bank base section adopt the receiving system of existing satellite operating system and GPRS the receiving system of CDMA operating system; Described data transmission system is by the data gateway of satellite operating system and the data gateway of GPRS CDMA operating system, and forms with the internet that gateway connects; Described data handling system has the communication server that connects the internet, and the communication server connects the data server of being responsible for data processing, and data server connects LAN (Local Area Network); Described monitor terminal connects data server by LAN (Local Area Network); Monitor terminal is a visual information with the data conversion on the data server that receives, and shows by visualization interface.
6. a kind of watercraft remote monitoring system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the visual interface of described visual information comprises: have the tabulation that conventional parameter is tabulated, the user tabulates automatically, Realtime Alerts is tabulated and show; Trend curve figure with real-time tendency figure, historical trend figure shows; Graphical meter with column figure, pointer analogue instrument, device emulation figure shows; Warning function with day warning history, alarm; Have alarm setting value and revise, report to the police that shielding is set, the self-defining parameter of graphic presentation is provided with function.
CNA2008100346945A 2008-03-17 2008-03-17 Watercraft remote monitoring system CN101344993A (en)

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