CN101344268B - Low-discharging high-efficiency energy-saving environment friendly multi-purpose furnace - Google Patents

Low-discharging high-efficiency energy-saving environment friendly multi-purpose furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101344268B
CN101344268B CN200810214638XA CN200810214638A CN101344268B CN 101344268 B CN101344268 B CN 101344268B CN 200810214638X A CN200810214638X A CN 200810214638XA CN 200810214638 A CN200810214638 A CN 200810214638A CN 101344268 B CN101344268 B CN 101344268B
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China
Prior art keywords
water tank
stove
water
hot
hole
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CN200810214638XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101344268A (en
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朱朝绥
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朱朝绥
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Priority to CN200810214638XA priority Critical patent/CN101344268B/en
Publication of CN101344268A publication Critical patent/CN101344268A/en
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Publication of CN101344268B publication Critical patent/CN101344268B/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/90Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in food processing or handling, e.g. food conservation
    • Y02A40/924Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in food processing or handling, e.g. food conservation using renewable energies
    • Y02A40/928Cooking stoves using biomass
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency

Abstract

The invention is composed of a stove, a high-temperature pyrolysis spontaneous combustion chamber and a water tank, and the water tank is divided into a working water tank and a heat storage water tank. The invention is characterized in that, two hot water circulating pipes and a pot, etc., are arranged in the stove; a smoke dust exhaust pipeline passes through in the working water tank; the hot water circulating pipes, the water tank and a hot water circulating liner are communicated in series. The high-temperature pyrolysis spontaneous combustion chamber can gather the high temperature of direct-fired biomass flame of a stove chamber and burn a ventilation eyelet combustion-supporting cylinder to be meat red, and strong direct-fired gasified matters are subjected to pyrolysis spontaneous combustion in the high-temperature pyrolysis spontaneous combustion chamber, heat energy during the combustion process can be converted to hot water, boiled water or steam which are used in lives through the hot water circulating pipes and the smoke dust exhaust pipeline, etc., and the hot water, boiled water or steam enter the water tank for standby application, the steam can be supplied to another container for operation which includes a broad sense, therefore, a plurality of cooking operations of rice steaming, stir frying and water boiling can be simultaneously completed in the one stove, thereby improving the thermal efficiency and reducing the pollution.

Description

Low-discharging high-efficiency energy-saving environment friendly multi-purpose furnace
The present invention relates to a kind of daily life stove and accessory.
The stove and accessory of life by fuel-based classification bavin, coal, electricity, steam stove etc., respectively has advantage at home, and deficiency is also arranged.
The bavin kitchen range is with a long history, and is cheap, makes food with it, and the taste tradition is pure.Deficiency be discharge fume dirt and consumption bavin amount bigger, burn heat, boiling water cooking etc. and use with for one pot, scrub difficult to the greatest extent, owe health and energy-conservation.
Honeycomb honeycomb briquette stove, Wolong board water heater is used the energy storage coal-saving stove more, happy household stove etc., advantage is to utilize waste heat with water tank and hot-water circulation pipe, and is convenient with hot water, and deficiency is that burning is owed fully, and institute's exhaust body pollution room air influences healthy.
It is the most convenient that liquefied gas furnace uses, and deficiency is that the thermal efficiency is low.This is that its structure determines, three pans of naming a person for a particular job are propped, and during to heat energy utilization also there is not a burner hearth that makes it do short stay.
The design principle of electric cooker and heat insulation effect are all good, and deficiency is that purposes is single-minded, will join stove and accessory in addition in the life and share.
Straw gasification stove, common promote products in newpapers and periodicals and the TV programme, a plurality of patent stove and accessorys of obtaining with me are the same, do not see that the masses accept enthusiastically, be because the gasification of the not enough and straight burning living beings of the impact of performance of stove and accessory is easily given birth to carbonizing matter in the burning again, influence the stove and accessory normal combustion, these major issues are also solved at all.
In research for many years, recognize stove and accessory, the caloric value of various fuel all reaches sufficient, be because stove and accessory simple in structure, the heat energy that burning is general only to be done once to utilize with regard to row to atmosphere, from more flue dust of arrange and pernicious gas phenomenon, visible burning is abundant inadequately again, so the thermal efficiency is lower.
The present invention is intended to release a kind of stove and accessory of novel structure, can overcome the not enough aspect of above-mentioned stove and accessory, can keep and develop the advantage aspect of above-mentioned stove and accessory again.
The objective of the invention is to improve by practice that structure that experiment again improves stove and accessory just realizes, as shown in drawings, its technical scheme is divided into three parts: stove body is looked the door (1) of fire hole by the handle band, advance bavin hole (2), air inlet ash drawing hole and insert door (3), stove tube (4), grate (5), pot and lid (6), the basin shape perforation combustion-supporting circle of temperature raising (7), upper furnace (8 '), middle burner hearth (8), lower hearth (9), spiral hot-water circulation pipe (10), insulation filler (11), sleeve hole (12) is formed; It is characterized in that: the most the next nearly base of stove tube (4) is driven the gas ash drawing hole into and is inserted door (3), inner horizontal is installed grate (5) under in the stove tube, spiral hot-water circulation pipe (10) is installed in its top, its inner ring limit is installed with lower hearth (9), burner hearth (8) during install its top, burner hearth (8) is gone up perforate and is advanced corresponding the communicating in bavin hole (2), and connects with taper bushing, topmost puts adorning pot and lid (6); Filling material (11) between the bottom outer wall of middle burner hearth and the stove tube inwall, its top is installed with upper furnace (8 '), and middle burner hearth (8) is gone up also perforate and corresponding the communicating of sleeve hole (12).Cut outer wall on the inwall of upper furnace (8 ') and basin shape perforation combustion-supporting circle of temperature raising and the middle burner hearth and form the annular gas passage (B) of crossing jointly.
The combustion-supporting tube in core hole (14) is crossed by insulation sleeve (13) in Pintsch process nature chamber, heat-insulation layer (15), and spiral hot-water circulation pipe (16) forms; It is characterized in that: the muff tube length is 220 millimeters, Φ is 96 millimeters, the spiral hot-water circulation pipe installs around the outer ring at it, apart from 10 millimeters of outer walls, in its insulation layer (15) is wrapped in, the Φ that crosses the combustion-supporting tube in core hole is 76 millimeters, it puts in interior 200 millimeters of this sleeve, can also in burner hearth, release, remove the deposit (having a hole) of cracking nature so middle burner hearth (8) is gone up the corresponding combustion-supporting tube position, core hole of crossing, the order hole gross area of crossing the core hole is greater than Φ 76 millimeter tube sectional areas, and is no less than 1.5 times.
Third part is a water tank, divides heat storage water tank (24) and operating water tank (26), and scum cock (20) is housed on the heat storage water tank, logical air pipe (21), hot-water outlet pipe (22), hose (23), isolating switch (25) and hot water circuit courage (C); Smoke evacuation dirt pipe (17) is housed on the operating water tank, draws the hole of heavy ash and insert door (18), advance cold water switch (19), heat-insulation layer (27), on-off switch (28), logical air pipe (29), rainhat (30), steam pipe (31); It is characterized in that: spiral hot-water circulation pipe (10) the series connection back of the spiral hot-water circulation pipe (16) of Pintsch process nature chamber, stove body is communicated with operating water tank (26), hot water circuit courage (C), heat storage water tank (24) series connection back are communicated with operating water tank (26), the spiral hot-water circulation pipe (16) of Pintsch process nature chamber is connected in parallel with hot water circuit courage (C), and each switch can be realized control; The hot water circuit courage is placed in the pot, is the position when utilizing its circulating hot water.
It is as follows to use the impact of performance of summing up this stove and accessory in the back:
1, grate and smoke evacuation dirt pipeline for draughty primary condition has been created in burning, can concentrate row to outdoor the gas that produced in the burning again, or else are subjected to sootiness indoor, do not inhale combustion exhaust body, are beneficial to health.
2, show thin following, middle burner hearth and the basin shape combustion-supporting circle of boring a hole with stainless steel material mould Cheng Buhou and very easily be heated the straight living beings gasification logistics of burning through this part eyelet, the annular of flowing through is crossed air flue (B), flows in the smoke evacuation dirt pipeline process to have improved temperature, with short sharp combustion and spontaneous combustion.
3, the spiral hot-water circulation pipe is arranged in the lower hearth, the partial heat energy of star charcoal fire is carried out " conversion ", the heat energy " conversion " that the back of burner hearth has the hot-water circulation pipe (16) and the fume ducts of hesitating that the cow's tail fire is sent to.Have pan to utilize heat energy above the burner hearth, also available hot water circuit courage " conversion " heat energy is so improved the thermal efficiency exponentially.
Conversion in above-mentioned is meant and utilizes the light cold heavy principle of hydro-thermal and water gravity flow and evaporable character, in by stove spare aflame thermal power transfer being become to live will with heat, boiling water or steam enter in the water tank stand-by.This just have not only convenient but also fully the hot water wash tool sterilize, have a bath, clear clothing, do not need one pot to use with, improve habits and customs, be beneficial to health.
4, second portion particularly, its poly-burner hearth directly burns the high temperature of the fireworks of living beings, crosses the combustion-supporting letter in core hole and burns till flesh pink ad hoc, and tetanic burning fuel gas that living beings are given birth to and carbonizing matter cracking here nature are realized low row and efficiently like this." Pintsch process spontaneous combustion " performance: cross no least bit carbon black on combustion-supporting letter in core hole and the insulation sleeve lining after the burning, insulation sleeve and cross deposit within combustion-supporting of the core hole is to produce in the cracking spontaneous combustion, ashless, no charcoal, be plaster look, sand shape, more than grey recuperation, but lighter than sand." low row " performance: when this stove was just lit a fire, row's band black flue dust (limiting the quantity of because smoke evacuation dirt pipe Φ is little) on a small quantity when fire has fired, arranged to be with white flue dust on a small quantity, when stove fire combustion after the prosperous and operating water tank boiling, if fine, lose flue institute exhaust body, scrutinized heat wave and risen.If overcast and rainy, to arrange be a small amount of white flue dust.
5, water tank is decomposed into heat storage water tank and operating water tank, can guarantee that the water tank that light sheet material is made can not damage because of expanding with heat and contract with cold yet, control by gauge tap (25), only allow the water in the operating water tank participate in the above-mentioned thermal cycle that is subjected to, to be seethed with excitement as early as possible, after supplying with another storage container operation, the water in the heat storage water tank is just supplied with the water yield that operating water tank need be supplied because of evaporation automatically, and this has just guaranteed the continuity of steam operation.Get the steam operation here, time-consuming weak point, well-done fast, this is because under the effect of multistage heating, and boiling intensity is big, and the steam of giving birth to is subjected to the warmed-up cause of smoke evacuation dirt pipeline (in the operating water tank a section) with high temperature again.
6, this stove can be finished several cooking operations such as steamed rice, cooking, hot water synchronously, and a stove replaces electric cooker, water heater, hot air-conditioning, is with another storage container operation, and broad sense is wherein arranged, and treats to bring into play in the practicality.
7, we are large agricultural countries, and very rich official's straw resource is arranged, and the invention of this stove is promoted, and straw is made a silk purse out of a sow's ear, and save natural mineral resource, and energy-saving and emission-reduction meet the state basic policy policy of sustainable development.
8, promote this stove and can alleviate the financial burden that the rural area reaches comfortable living standard.
Description of drawings:
Accompanying drawing is a stove and accessory schematic diagram of the present invention, by handle band visual inspection hole door (1), enters bavin hole (2), air inlet ash drawing hole and door (3), stove tube (4), grate (5), pot and lid (6), the basin shape perforation combustion-supporting circle of temperature raising (7), upper furnace (8 '), middle burner hearth (8), lower hearth (9), spiral hot-water circulation pipe (10), insulation filler (11), collar aperture (I2), insulation sleeve (13), cross the combustion-supporting tube in core hole (14), heat-insulation layer (15), spiral hot-water circulation pipe (16), smoke evacuation dirt pipe (17) is drawn the hole of heavy ash and is inserted door (18), advances cold water switch (19), scum cock (20), logical air pipe (21), hot-water outlet pipe (22), connect flexible pipe (23), heat storage water tank (24), gauge tap (25), operating water tank (26), heat-insulation layer (27), on-off switch (28), logical air pipe (29), rainhat (30), go out steam pipe (31), ring gas passage (B), hot water liner (C), link (D) is formed low-discharging high-efficiency energy-saving environment friendly multi-purpose furnace.Pad pier A is for making things convenient for cooking, with the stove and accessory bed hedgehopping.
Implement:
Install stove and accessory, drive cold water switch into, when hot-water outlet pipe's spilling water, put cold water switch into, given birth to stove fire, stove and accessory enters duty.Stove and accessory will use in running water system, and shower can be set.If there is not running water system, high-order bucket or wellspring can be set, imitate running water system to use.Get hot water in the stove and be by advancing the method that cold water just goes out hot water and undertaken, cold water injects from the bottom, and hot water is upwards extruded, and light cold heavy because of heat, hot water can not lowered the temperature because of the injection of cold water.
Stove and accessory is best suited for the rural area, also is suitable for samll cities and towns.If unmarried or two people use, can be without heat storage water tank, if populous family, optional structure is fit to the heat storage water tank of consumption, if be used for the restaurant, must introduce another storage and hold operation, as steamed rice, steam dish etc., at this moment on-off switch places and the steam pipe position that communicates.If hospital uses, necessity has the steam disinfection cabinet, if steam stuffed bun steamed bun, can steam a cage in pot, and also available steam steams a cage, realizes a stove two food steamers, economizes 1/2 fuel significantly.Quote another storage container operation, broad sense is wherein arranged, treat to bring into play in the practicality.If publilc baths uses, then place hot water liner (C) the figure position to help conversion hot water.Stove and accessory itself and boiler meeting radiant heat energy, so room temperature rises very soon, if winter, just in time heating, the people passes in and out from door, the effect of changing room air is arranged, but summer, heat can not be worked as, thus require stove and accessory room well-ventilated, and be subjected to the control of door and window, moreover requiring sewer to get well, the convenience that stream is washed in the holding chamber is with clean.
Introduce a kind of good method of lighting a fire in passing, this stove fire is next preparatory condition: close with a container and put out minimum one section and fired not most bavin head.Blow this bavin head with an air-blowing plastic welding gun during regeneration fire, must fire several seconds, lights other straw bavin firewood like this, very convenient.If it is combustion-supporting to continue blowing hot-air, stove fire is raging, to the cracking spontaneous combustion of straight burning vapour is sure good, but because of I use this stove not do like this over 2 years, effect is fine, is the simpler good and saving energy, so only do to light a fire to introduce easily, the end is written among the stove and accessory technical scheme, quotes as technical scheme if think necessary.

Claims (1)

1. a low-discharging high-efficiency energy-saving environment friendly multi-purpose furnace is made up of stove body, Pintsch process spontaneous combustion chamber and three parts of water tank, and stove body is looked the door (1) of fire hole by the handle band, advance bavin hole (2), air inlet ash drawing hole and insert door (3), stove tube (4), grate (5), pot and lid (6), the basin shape perforation combustion-supporting circle of temperature raising (7), upper furnace (8 '), middle burner hearth (8), lower hearth (9), spiral hot-water circulation pipe (10), insulation filler (11), sleeve hole (12) is formed; It is characterized in that: the most the next nearly base of stove tube (4) is driven the gas ash drawing hole into and is inserted door (3), inner horizontal is installed grate (5) under in the stove tube, spiral hot-water circulation pipe (10) is installed in its top, its inner ring limit is installed with lower hearth (9), burner hearth (8) during install its top, middle burner hearth (8) is gone up perforate and is advanced corresponding the communicating in bavin hole (2), and gangs up connection with taper bushing, topmost puts adorning pot and lid (6); Filling material (11) between the bottom outer wall of middle burner hearth and the stove tube inwall, its top is installed with upper furnace (8 '), middle burner hearth (8) is gone up also perforate and corresponding the communicating of sleeve hole (12), cuts an outer wall on the inwall of upper furnace (8 ') and basin shape perforation combustion-supporting circle of temperature raising and the middle burner hearth and forms the annular gas passage (B) of crossing jointly;
The combustion-supporting tube in core hole (14) is crossed by insulation sleeve (13) in Pintsch process nature chamber, heat-insulation layer (15), and spiral hot-water circulation pipe (16) forms; It is characterized in that: the muff tube length is 220 millimeters, Φ is 96 millimeters, the spiral hot-water circulation pipe installs around the outer ring at it, apart from 10 millimeters of outer walls, in its insulation layer (15) was wrapped in, the Φ that crosses the combustion-supporting tube in core hole was 76 millimeters, it puts in interior 200 millimeters of insulation sleeve, can also release in burner hearth, remove the deposit of cracking nature, the order number of crossing the core hole takes advantage of the order area greater than 76 millimeters combustion-supporting tube sectional areas of Φ and be no less than 1.5 times;
Third part is a water tank, divides heat storage water tank (24) and operating water tank (26), and scum cock (20) is housed on the heat storage water tank, logical air pipe (21), hot-water outlet pipe (22), hose (23), isolating switch (25) and hot water circuit courage (C); Smoke evacuation dirt pipe (17) is housed on the operating water tank, draws the hole of heavy ash and insert door (18), advance cold water switch (19), heat-insulation layer (27), on-off switch (28), logical air pipe (29), rainhat (30), steam pipe (31); It is characterized in that: spiral hot-water circulation pipe (10) the series connection back of the spiral hot-water circulation pipe (16) of Pintsch process nature chamber, stove body is communicated with operating water tank (26), hot water circuit courage (C), heat storage water tank (24) series connection back are communicated with operating water tank (26), the spiral hot-water circulation pipe (16) of Pintsch process nature chamber is connected in parallel with hot water circuit courage (C), and each switch can be realized control; The hot water circuit courage is placed in the pot, is the position when utilizing its circulating hot water, and during without its circulating hot water, (D) is hung in the locus with suspension ring;
The grafting function of holding about the insulation sleeve by Pintsch process spontaneous combustion chamber and the connection of water pipe are linked as one to above-mentioned three parts and stop, and form a kind of low-discharging high-efficiency energy-saving environment friendly multi-purpose furnace.
CN200810214638XA 2008-08-25 2008-08-25 Low-discharging high-efficiency energy-saving environment friendly multi-purpose furnace CN101344268B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810214638XA CN101344268B (en) 2008-08-25 2008-08-25 Low-discharging high-efficiency energy-saving environment friendly multi-purpose furnace

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810214638XA CN101344268B (en) 2008-08-25 2008-08-25 Low-discharging high-efficiency energy-saving environment friendly multi-purpose furnace

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CN101344268A CN101344268A (en) 2009-01-14
CN101344268B true CN101344268B (en) 2010-12-08

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102654288B (en) * 2012-03-17 2015-04-08 朱朝绥 Cooking warming biomass direct-burning gasification back-burning furnace
CN104814654B (en) * 2014-01-30 2019-11-05 深圳市繁兴科技股份有限公司 A kind of cooking equipment using hot wind auxiliary heating
CN104814659B (en) * 2014-01-30 2019-11-05 深圳市繁兴科技股份有限公司 A kind of cooking equipment of waste-heat formula hot wind auxiliary
CN108332235B (en) * 2018-02-02 2019-05-24 山东荣信集团有限公司 A kind of low-power consumption dust-removing sulphur removing function heating plant
CN109253472A (en) * 2018-09-10 2019-01-22 俞柔冰 A kind of gas stove

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