CN101342516B - Flat belt driven dish type splitter - Google Patents

Flat belt driven dish type splitter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101342516B
CN101342516B CN2008100290738A CN200810029073A CN101342516B CN 101342516 B CN101342516 B CN 101342516B CN 2008100290738 A CN2008100290738 A CN 2008100290738A CN 200810029073 A CN200810029073 A CN 200810029073A CN 101342516 B CN101342516 B CN 101342516B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotary drum
fuselage
oil
video disc
hole
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CN2008100290738A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101342516A (en
Inventor
薛晓宁
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薛晓宁
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Priority to CN2008100290738A priority Critical patent/CN101342516B/en
Publication of CN101342516A publication Critical patent/CN101342516A/en
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Publication of CN101342516B publication Critical patent/CN101342516B/en

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Abstract

The present invention discloses a flat-belt driven disc separator, comprising a power part, a driving part, a lubrication system, a working part, a machine part and a control and assisting part. In addition to that the requirements of the function and performance of the separator is satisfied, the driving system is largely simplified, the driving path is brief, the quantity of driving components is largely reduced and the technical requirement of processing is lowered; regular replacement of expensive copper gear wheel, friction drum and other wearing parts is avoided, and as a result, the structure of the complete machine is simplified, the cost of production and use is reduced, the failure rate of the machine is lowered, and the technical performance of the complete machine is improved. The invention can be directly applied to condensing separation of natural rubber, and the invention can also be applied to separating other emulsions; the rotary-drum structure of the invention can overcome the disadvantages of the prior art; the continuous operation time is prolonged and the rotary-drum heating is alleviated; the strength, safety, reliability and maintenance technique are improved. The driving part and the lower machine body can form the driving of a manual slag-discharge separator, a gushing slag-discharge separator and a ring-valve slag-discharge separator and the lower machine body.

Description

Flat belt driven dish type splitter
Technical field
Patent of the present invention belongs to separation machinery equipment, particularly a kind of flat belt driven dish type splitter.
Background technology
Existing disk centrifuge, particularly the transmission system of latex seperator is made up of centrifugal friction clutch, transverse axis system and vertical shaft system three parts, friction clutch and horizontal cross shaft directly link, drive the copper gear rotation thereon of transverse axis and dress, drive thus be contained in the perpendicular vertical shaft of transverse axis on the small helical gear rotation, drive vertical shaft and rotary drum and rotate at a high speed, copper gear and small helical gear constitute the helical tooth wheel set, and the copper gear is by the manufacturing of specific bronze material.The motor of existing seperator is by transverse axis system drive vertical shaft, the transverse axis system comprises by cock wheel, the connector wheel, the centrifugal friction clutch that a series of parts such as friction drum and brake pad are formed, helical gear drive comprises copper gear on the transverse axis and the small helical gear on the vertical shaft, this two large divisions has nearly more than 50 parts, the whole drive system complex structure, drive path is long, parts are many and the manufacturing technology requirement is high, the complete machine manufacturing cost is strengthened, and in use because the copper gear, small helical gear, friction drum, friction plate, brake pad, many parts such as connector wheel all belong to consumable accessory, need frequent maintain and replace, bother time-consuming, cause complete machine stability and reliability decrease, the parts price costliness causes complete machine use cost height.
There is following deficiency in the rotary drum of existing latex seperator: it is short partially the duration of runs that rotary drum is shut down cleaning continuous operation afterwards at every turn, influenced the raising of productivity ratio, increased labour intensity, and separating effect is affected; The structure of rotary drum vital part also has the To be improved part at aspects such as intensity, security reliability and maintenance process; There is the heating phenomenon in rotary drum, causes to be mixed with gel in the concentrated latex, influences latex quality.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of flat belt driven dish type splitter, utilize motor peace belt transmission to drive vertical shaft, thereby the rotary drum of drive vertical shaft upper end rotates at a high speed, finish the separation of emulsion and concentrate, clarification that the solid phase of suspension concentrates and contains micro-solid impurity liquid, utilize in addition its transmission and down fuselage can constitute the disk centrifuge of artificial Slagoff type, nozzle Slagoff type and ring valve Slagoff type respectively.
The present invention is by motor, the flat belt transmission, the vertical shaft system, belt tension and last item force compensating device, lubricating system, rotary drum, the input and output material system, electromagnetic brake, fuselage up and down, frequency converter and switch board are formed, motor 5 is installed in down on the fuselage 9, big flat tyre wheel 7 links with motor 5, flat belt transmission system and vertical shaft system link, belt radially last item force compensating device is arranged in the upper bearing (metal) parts of vertical shaft system, vertical shaft system and rotary drum 37 link, lubricating system and following fuselage 9, end cup 21, oil mirror 27, spring case 36 links, the input and output material system links with following fuselage 9, following fuselage 9 is by vibration absorber (54,55), supporting leg 10 links with base 19, the air intake cooling system is arranged on down fuselage 9, top chock 29, wind gathering plate 53, following gatherer 39, on the last gatherer 40, motor 5, electromagnetic brake coil group 38, frequency converter and electrical control cabinet link, and fuselage can constitute artificial Slagoff type respectively to utilize its transmission to reach down in addition, the disk centrifuge of nozzle Slagoff type and ring valve Slagoff type.
The present invention is under the prerequisite that guarantees seperator function and performance requirement, simplified transmission system greatly, drive path is simple and direct, the transmission amount of parts significantly reduces and process technology requires to reduce, do not re-use consumable accessorys such as needing the expensive copper gear of periodic replacement, friction drum, thereby simplify complete machine structure, reduce manufacturing cost and use cost, reduce machine-spoiled rate, improve its technical performance.
1, complete machine is handsome in appearance generous, and is simple in structure, compact, satisfies disk centrifuge function and performance requirement, and good manufacturability meets the Human Engineering requirement.Motor can guarantee steady raising speed in the start-up course by variable frequency starting, avoids starting current excessive, can guarantee steady running under working speed.
2, improve as the treating capacity of latex seperator raw material, good separating effect, stream time prolongs, temperature rise is low after the rotary drum continuous operation, the possibility that occurs gel particle in the concentrated latex reduces, rotary drum improves at aspects such as intensity, serviceabilities, satisfies the requirement of concentrated latex production scene.
3, under the prerequisite that guarantees seperator function and performance requirement, got rid of the transverse axis system that forms by a series of parts such as friction pulley, copper gears on traditional seperator, simplified transmission system greatly, drive path is simple and direct, the transmission amount of parts significantly reduces, and process technology requires to reduce, do not re-use consumable accessorys such as needing the expensive copper gear of periodic replacement, friction drum, friction plate, thereby simplification complete machine structure, reduce and make and the working service cost, reduce machine-spoiled rate, improve its technical Performance And Reliability, the use cost advantage is very obvious.
4, lubrication system works is reliable, and machine is had cooling effect preferably, can avoid the rotary drum heating, can guarantee the proper lubrication of transmission system under situations such as raising speed, work, docking process and power failure suddenly, and lubrication system architecture is simple, good sealing effect.
5, fuselage, transmission system have good versatility to all kinds of disk centrifuge rotary drums, corresponding disk centrifuge type can be constituted by supporting different rotary drum, last fuselage, input and output material system etc., all kinds of artificial Slagoff types, nozzle type and ring valve automatic discharge type disk centrifuge can be constituted.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that band of the present invention drives the lubricated flat belt driven dish type splitter structure chart of fuel feeding;
Fig. 2 is that the present invention's electricity drives the lubricated flat belt driven dish type splitter structure chart of fuel feeding;
Fig. 3 is a latex separator drum structure chart of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is disk centrifuge control cabinet of the present invention, motor, seperator connection layout;
Fig. 5 is a tightener schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is that band of the present invention drives fuselage and drive system structure figure under the lubricated disk centrifuge of fuel feeding;
Fig. 7 is that the present invention's electricity drives fuselage and kinematic scheme under the lubricated disk centrifuge of fuel feeding;
Fig. 8 is the semi-enclosed artificial deslagging disk centrifuge structure chart of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is a nozzle Slagoff type disk centrifuge structure chart of the present invention;
The specific embodiment
The present invention has adopted by variable frequency drive motors, flat belt transmission drive vertical shaft and has rotated at a high speed, and its transmission system has been cancelled transverse axis system and helical gear drive, has improved the structure of vertical shaft system; Adopt conventional phase asynchronous alternating current generator can guarantee under working speed, to turn round, and need not to adopt high-speed electric expreess locomotive.Under the prerequisite that guarantees seperator function and performance requirement, simplified transmission system greatly, drive path is simple and direct, the transmission amount of parts significantly reduces and process technology requires to reduce, do not re-use consumable accessorys such as needing the expensive copper gear of periodic replacement, friction drum, thereby simplify complete machine structure, reduce manufacturing cost and use cost, reduce machine-spoiled rate, improve its technical performance.
1, flat belt driven dish type splitter
As accompanying drawing 1, shown in Figure 2: complete machine is formed and is comprised: motor 5, flat belt transmission (7,8,26), vertical shaft system and belt be last item force compensating device (1~4 radially, 21~26,28~36), by small pulley 50, big belt wheel 51, be with 52, oil inlet pipe 11, gear oil pump 12, last oil inlet pipe 13, oil return pipe 14, fuel tank 15, upper bearing (metal) oil inlet pipe 16, oil seal cover 17, lower bearing oil inlet pipe 20, oil mirror 27 constitutes lubricating system, belt tension adjusting nut 18, rotary drum 37, input and output material system (39~48), electromagnetic brake 38, air intake cooling system 53, base 19, supporting leg 10, damping device (54,55), following fuselage 9, last fuselage 49, frequency converter and electrical control cabinet etc.Motor 5 can guarantee steady raising speed in the start-up course by variable frequency starting, avoids starting current excessive.Motor 5 is installed in down on the fuselage 9, big flat tyre wheel 7 links with motor 5, flat belt transmission system and vertical shaft system link, belt radially last item force compensating device is arranged in the upper bearing (metal) parts of vertical shaft system, vertical shaft system and rotary drum 37 link, lubricating system and following fuselage 9, end cup 21, oil mirror 27, spring case 36 links, input and output material system (39~48) links with following fuselage 9, following fuselage 9 is by vibration absorber (54,55) and supporting leg 10 link with support 19, the air intake cooling system is arranged on down fuselage 9, top chock 29, wind gathering plate 53, following gatherer 39, on the last gatherer 40, motor 5, electromagnetic brake coil 38, frequency converter and electrical control cabinet link.In the lubricated disk centrifuge of band transmission fuel feeding shown in Figure 1, the power of gear pump 12 is from rotary drum, and electricity shown in Figure 2 drives in the fuel feeding lubricating system, and gear pump 12 is from translator, and its motor and power supply link.
Motor 5 adopts common motor and need not to adopt high-speed electric expreess locomotive, and rotary drum 37 can run up under a certain steady job rotating speed, adopts variable-speed motor as motor 9, and rotary drum 37 can be lower than steady running under some rotating speed of maximum speed.
The video disc 85 of this disk centrifuge rotary drum 37 is provided with neutral hole, liquid-the liquid that is used for emulsion feed separates or liquid-liquid-solid separation, emulsion feed is made of less than 1% two liquid phases and the solid content in volume of two immiscible little difference in specific gravity, it is characterized in that: have neutral hole (charging hole) on the video disc 85, the position of opening of neutral hole on video disc 85 changes by the separation requirement of raw material, more little as heavy phase volume in the emulsion feed to be separated, neutral hole position of opening is then far away more from axis on the video disc 85, otherwise light phase volume ratio is less, and neutral hole position of opening is then near axis on the video disc 85; By separation test, regulate neutral layer radius by the adjustment screwed pipe 90 of using the different length that is contained on the rotary drum 37 instead, make light, weigh two liquid phase interfaces just in time at video disc 85 position of opening, thereby reach good separating effect.If when not opening neutral hole on the rotary drum video disc 85, can be used as solid content in volume less than 1% emulsion feed clarification type seperator, also can be used as solid content in volume less than 1%, solid particle size is less than the clarification type seperator of 0.1 micron suspension raw material.
2, flat belt transmission:
As shown in Figure 1, motor 5 of the present invention is vertically mounted on down on the fuselage 9, big flat tyre wheel 7 is housed on motor 5 output shafts, little flat tyre wheel 26 is equipped with at vertical shaft 22 middle parts, directly drive little flat tyre wheel 26 and vertical shaft 22 rotation at a high speed by flat belt driving motor power, drive rotary drum 37 by vertical shaft 22 thus and under working speed, rotate.For preventing that flat belt 8 from falling band, the wheel rim surface of big flat tyre wheel 7, little flat tyre wheel 26 is processed into dimpling cydariform surface, and the connecting hole of the upper surface of following fuselage 9 and motor flange 57 is an elongated hole, strain big flat tyre wheel 7 by tensioning adjusting nut 18 or specific purpose tool from following fuselage 9 right-hand members, thereby regulate the rate of tension that motor position is regulated flat belt 8.
3, the vertical shaft system is as shown in Figure 1:
1. small pulley and vertical shaft assembly: little flat tyre wheel 26 cooperates by clamp nut by taper hole with vertical shaft 22 and is pressed on the vertical shaft 22, become one with vertical shaft 22, can only turn clockwise during vertical shaft 22 work, the clamp nut rotation direction can guarantee that nut changes tight more at work more and can not occur getting loose; Be processed with the axial oil guiding hole that is uniformly distributed along the circumference on the material beyond little flat tyre wheel 26 taper holes, guarantee in the cavity volume of small pulley top lubricating oil in time, enter end cup 21 along oil guiding hole swimmingly, thereby play lubricated self-aligning ball bearing 25 and oil return effect; Between the internal circular surfaces of the relative part of little flat tyre wheel 26 upper ends and Oil Guide cover and the Oil Guide cover big gap is arranged, between little flat tyre wheel 26 lower end outer round surface and the oil seal cover 17 also existence than gap greatly; For preventing that lubricating oil from leaking, influence the normal transmission of flat belt, all be processed with the Oil Guide screw thread on little flat tyre wheel 26 upper end bore areas and the little flat tyre wheel 26 lower end outer round surface, Oil Guide thread rotary orientation and parameter can guarantee that fluid is not excessive from the slit.
2. top elastic bearing part: top chock 29 also is fixed on down on the fuselage 9 with following fuselage 9 seat of honour hole precision-fit, interference fit is fixed with the Oil Guide cover below the top chock 29, axle spring seat 28 from bottom to top is housed on top chock 29, axial buffer device 30, the upper bearing (metal) 33 of inner ring and vertical shaft interference fit is contained in the ball bearing housing 31, the top chock 29 lower end taper fit faces and axial buffer device 30 conical surfaces are fitted and are played the role of positioning, symmetrical five equilibrium is processed with six planes on last ball bearing housing 29 outer round surface, be contained in six radially uniform antirattle spring 34 of spring case 36, by six radial buffers 32 spring force is applied to ball bearing housing 29, make upper bearing (metal) become elastic bearing, thereby make the single order of rotor-support-foundation system, second order critical speed improves safety in operation away from working speed.Spring case 36 cooperates by the face of cylinder with top chock 29 and uses bolting, upper bearing (metal) 33 inner ring upper surfaces compress with locating neck ring 2 down, last location neck ring 3, to locate neck ring 2 down all be to be connected with vertical shaft 22 by screw thread, last location neck ring 3 one has been a labyrinth seal function, the 2nd, and be pressed on down the location and prevent to get loose above the neck ring 2.The top chock of existing disk centrifuge is as a whole with following fuselage, by dismountable split-type design, has reduced difficulty of processing among the present invention.Last fuselage 49 matches to merge with top chock 29 cylindricals and is fixed by bolts to down on the fuselage 9.
3. lower bearing part: self-aligning ball bearing 25 is equipped with at 22 times end-journal places of vertical shaft, and its lower surface is equipped with that cover 24 usefulness round nuts 23 are fixed on the vertical shaft between bearing.The outer ring of self-aligning ball bearing 25 is contained in end cup 21 endoporus, and matching with the bottom plate hole and the processing plane of following fuselage 9 in cup 21 lower ends in the end, and is fixed by bolts to down on the baseplane of fuselage 9; Cup 21 top cavity volumes in the end are collected, are stored lubricating oil, and certain heat radiation, precipitated impurities effect are arranged, and spill port is arranged at outer wall top, and the cavity volume upper end is uncovered seal cover, and oil seal cover 17 is little with little flat tyre wheel 26 cylindrical slits, but guarantees not touch with the small pulley of rotation.
4, the vertical shaft system is lubricated
The driving parts such as bearing that are contained on the high speed vertical rotation shaft must guarantee to lubricate reliably, and the present invention realizes by custom-designed lubricating system.Band driving gear pump lubricating system such as Fig. 1, Fig. 6, Fig. 8, shown in Figure 9, the power of gear pump 12 is taken from the lower end of big flat tyre wheel 7 during normal power supply, as unexpected power failure takes place, electromagnetic brake can not use, rotary drum 37 needed to stop naturally in nearly one hour, rotation rotary drum 37 drives big flat tyre wheel 7 by inertia and rotates, thereby provides power for gear oil pump 12.Lubricating system comprises small pulley 50, big belt wheel 51, fuel tank 15, oil inlet pipe 11, gear oil pump 12, goes up compositions such as oil inlet pipe 13, lower bearing oil inlet pipe 20, oily mirror 27, upper bearing (metal) oil inlet pipe 16, vertical shaft Oil Guide system, end cup 21, oil return pipe 14.The power of gear oil pump 12 comes arrogant flat tyre wheel 7; below big flat tyre wheel 7, a small pulley 50 is housed in addition; by be contained in the big belt wheel 51 of gear pump 12 input shaft ends with 52 drives, can guarantee all in startup, work and stopping process that like this gear oil pump is in the fuel feeding state.The lubricating oil that comes out from gear pump 12 is divided into two-way, one the tunnel enters oily mirror 27 through last oil inlet pipe 13,27 outlets of oil mirror connect bearing oil inlet pipe 16, it passes top chock 29, enter upper bearing (metal) from the oil-in of spring case 36, because lubricating oil has certain pressure, oil will from top to bottom enter lower bearing 25 and end cup 21 cavity volumes via upper bearing (metal) 33, axial buffer device 30, Oil Guide cover, little flat tyre wheel 26 top cavity volumes and oil guiding hole thereof, and through oil return pipe 14 oil returns; Another route lower bearing oil inlet pipe 20 inserts end cup 21 lower end fuel inlet fittings, and oily depended on pressure flows through lower bearing 25 from bottom to top, overflows oil return by end cup 21 upper ends again, thereby has reliably realized the lubricated and cooling of parts such as upper and lower bearing; By small pulley 50 and the deceleration transmission of big belt wheel 51 and suitable gearratio, can guarantee that lubricating oil enters after the vertical shaft lubricating system not from spring case 36 upper end oil spillings, can guarantee the fuel delivery abundance again.Because in the whole process of machine works, lubricating oil circulates from top to bottom along oil circuit, not only plays good lubrication, and lubricating oil absorption parts heat, complete machine heating phenomenon is reduced.Gear oil pump 12 positions are adjustable, thus the rate of tension of adjustable band, and the design of fuel tank 15 outer surfaces has radiation rib.
Electricity driving gear pump lubricating system such as Fig. 2, shown in Figure 7: in the reliable occasion of power supply, gear oil pump 12 can adopt the oil transfer pump that carries motor, and as power, other compositions of its lubricating system and operation principle are with band driving gear pump lubricating system with electric energy.
Fuselage bottom is an oil sump under the existing disk centrifuge, and the copper gear immerses the oil sump pasta, and the copper gear that rotates during work is by splashing to parts such as oil-lubricated bearings, and fluid is enclosed in the fuselage, and radiating condition is bad, and the oil temperature is high, and mechanical temperature is higher.
5, belt last item force compensating radially
Because little flat tyre wheel 26 produces radially last item power behind the belt tension on vertical shaft, lower bearing 25 is a self-aligning ball bearing, vertical shaft 22 can be around this spot wobble, there are six radial antirattle spring 34 that level is uniform last ball bearing housing 31 outer ends, be flexible support, the material of six springs, technology, physical dimension are in full accord on conventional disk centrifuge.Vertical shaft 22 upper ends will be along last item force direction generation deflection under last item power effect radially, causes the machine can not smooth operation, also can cause parts such as upper and lower bearing and radial buffer 32 to descend service life.
For this reason, patent of the present invention is taked the radially influence of last item power of related technical measures partial offset belt at the upper bearing (metal) place, make vertical shaft be in plumbness.Concrete technical measures are: in six antirattle spring 34 in upper bearing (metal) 33, will be on the position when wherein being installed in an antirattle spring 34 design of last item force direction over against belt pulley last item force direction, this spring height dimension should be than all the other five bigger h of spring simultaneously, h obtains with assay optimization as calculated, but its material, technology and other sizes and all the other five springs are identical.Radially last item power is at the additional radial load of the major part of upper bearing (metal) place generation because this spring has been offset belt, and axis is in plumbness when making vertical shaft 22 and rotary drum 37 work, has compensated the influence of last item power so to a great extent.The practical application contrast test shows: take after these technical measures under equal conditions, the stationarity of machine run is obviously improved, and the consumable accessory life-spans such as upper and lower bearing obviously prolong.
6, rotary drum
Described rotary drum as shown in Figure 3 can be directly as the latex separator drum, mainly by at the bottom of the rotary drum 84, and charging oviduct 92, video disc 85, video disc gland 89, rotary drum lid 88, rotary drum nut 86 is adjusted screwed pipe 90, and plug screw 91 parts such as grade are formed.Charging oviduct 92 bottoms location circumference is sleeved at the bottom of the rotary drum on the 84 inner bottom surface boss cylinders, with at the bottom of the rotary drum 84 radially, the strict location of axial and circumferential, video disc 85 from bottom to top is stacked on the last conical surface of charging oviduct 92 one by one, on 84 inwall circumference at the bottom of the rotary drum, be evenly equipped with six ribs along rotary drum circumferential inner wall bus, guiding up and down and circumferential location that the guiding rib 93 of one of them matches with the groove of video disc 85 and realizes the video disc mounting or dismounting, 94 pairs of video discs 85 of all the other five radial location muscle and video disc gland 89 play the radial location effect, the following conical surface of video disc gland 89 contacts with the top video disc, be evenly equipped with six ribs that distribute along cone element on it on the conical surface, form the heavy phase liquid outlet channel with 88 times conical surfaces of rotary drum lid, rotary drum covers the face of cylinder, 88 lower end and matches with 84 upper end inwall seam at the bottom of the rotary drum, the lower notch of rotary drum lid 88 matches with 84 upper end protruding pin at the bottom of the rotary drum, realize both circumferential location, rotary drum lid 88 is depressed during the dress rotary drum, force video disc gland 89 and video disc group 85 to pressing down, when the following transverse plane of rotary drum lid 88 just contacts with 84 last transverse plane at the bottom of the rotary drum, rotary drum nut 86 can be screwed to the position, make video disc 85 in the rotary drum like this, charging oviduct 92 is compressed vertically fully, can not occur the loosening of part under high speed.Be screwed in the adjustment screwed pipe 90 that rotary drum covers 88 necks and be used to regulate neutral line position and concentrated latex concentration, every rotary drum is furnished with the adjustment screwed pipe of 15 different lengths, and it is short more to adjust screwed pipe, and the concentration of isolated concentrated latex is just high more.Near at the bottom of the rotary drum the close taper hole of 84 bottom surfaces drive screw and the screw on the vertical shaft block plate 4 are on same circumference, and after rotary drum hung in the vertical shaft taper hole, two drove the interlocks of screw phase, rise and transmit torsional interaction.
1. the latex separator drum is after running a period of time, in the following conical surface of charging oviduct 92, can form the gel ring that is round, and the increase gradually with the prolongation of working time, thereby influencing separating effect and output, this is one of principal element that influences the seperator stream time.For this reason, the present invention with rotary drum at the bottom of the 84 corresponding sites following conical surface that is designed to down concavity and charging oviduct 92 form big solid-holding space, permission forms big gel cushion rubber below feed pipe, and suitably increased the size of inlet opening on charging oviduct 92 conical surfaces, prevent to stop up inlet opening because of forming gel ring, and then influence separating effect and production capacity, prolonged the time of rotary drum continuous operation.Prolong more than 30 minutes than existing rotary drum stream time through the rotary drum after improving like this, indexs such as separating effect (dried contain, row yielding) reach standard-required, and productivity ratio has type raising 5~8% now.
2. intensity and reliability aspect:
At the bottom of the rotary drum 84: the position that is prone to crackle at the bottom of the rotary drum in the existing latex separator drum 37 most is positioned at the bottom surface intermediate location, and this position is to be subjected to stress state that the position that stress is concentrated badly and easily takes place at the bottom of the rotary drum, and goes to heavy position near dynamic balancing again.For this reason in invention employing structure as shown in Figure 3, avoid significantly sectional dimension to change, suitably strengthened the gauge of close circumferential location bottom, 84 wall thickness uniformities that more become everywhere at the bottom of the whole drum, it is inharmonious concentrated with stress to slow down distortion, thereby prevents the possibility that fatigue crack takes place.Rotary drum in use needed to shut down disassembly, cleaning once every 3~3.5 hours; be to guarantee that video disc 85 is by the screw thread that fully compresses and protect rotary drum locking nut 86 with rotary drum seat 84 in the rotary drum in producing at present; also for making rotary drum 37 assemblings quick; reliable convenient; after all adopting specific purpose tool-compactor that rotary drum lid 88 is pressed onto the position; again rotary drum nut 86 is screwed to the position; the last plane C of rotary drum lid 88 is subjected to very big pressure during each dismounting rotary drum; and the recess E place, upper end of charging oviduct 92 is subjected to very big pulling force; this active force can reach 900 kilograms; existing rotary drum lid 88 designs have big load effect when reckoning without in the use frequent dismounting; last plane C and the cylinder junction gauge below it are less than normal; and upward the plane outer rim circumferentially has the inclined hole of 8 concentrated latexs to export; rotary drum lid 88 is easily herein by pressure break in the reality, and the present invention has suitably strengthened planar thickness size on the rotary drum lid 88.
Charging oviduct 92: the upper end recess of charging oviduct 92 is force parts of rotary drum lifting snap close and dismounting compactor, charging oviduct 92 designs of existing rotary drum reckon without use, charging oviduct 92 upper end sizes are less than normal, lift by crane and the dismounting rotary drum because of frequent after using a period of time, E place, recess upper end can produce gross distortion, not only influence the application of force that compresses, also may influence the security of lifting, suitably strengthened size herein in the present invention, and added and make man-hour on the recess transverse plane be slight downward inclined-plane from inside to outside.
3. 84 taper holes at the bottom of the rotary drum: taper hole is the location and installation benchmark of whole drum 37, because rotary drum 37 is worked under high speed, add will be frequently from the vertical shaft reason such as dismounting, practical application shows: even after the rotary drum that newly dispatches from the factory 37 uses a period of time, different distortion of degree and wearing and tearing also can appear in taper hole, and after occurring being out of shape, wearing and tearing, it is big that machine vibration becomes, taper hole must be adopted corresponding technology reparation, and a rotary drum can repeatedly be repaired taper hole in whole service life.The design of 84 taper holes does not fully take into account the renovation technique requirement at the bottom of the existing rotary drum, the above straight cylinder length of taper hole small end is reserved very little, just can't repair later because of no process allowance after first and second reparation, the rotary drum that causes can also normally using after repairing is scrapped, and causes waste.The present invention has strengthened the length of the above straight cylinder technology of taper hole small end position, strengthened the axial dimension in the end nut, and considered at the bottom of the rotary drum after the 84 taper hole reparations that from complete machine design rotary drum 37 deposits heavy problem in that vertical shaft is upper, 84 taper holes can repeatedly be repaired at the bottom of making rotary drum, thereby have prolonged the rotary drum life-span.
7, electromagnetic brake device
Described rotary drum braking electromagnetic brake device such as Fig. 1, shown in Figure 4, its main function is that the energising back produces powerful magnetic field, stops thereby the rotary drum 37 of rotation is stopped at short notice, otherwise because rotary drum 37 inertia, stopping naturally need for a long time could stall.Form by one group of six brake coil group 38, sealing ring, felt pad, lead terminal box etc.Six brake coil groups 38 radially are evenly distributed in the fuselage 49 along circumference, one of the magnetic pole of brake coil 38 is the N utmost point, then adjacent another is the S utmost point, the position all had good sealing and insulation measures before and after brake coil 38 contacted with last fuselage 49, anti-sealing contact brake coil, have leaking hole can prevent ponding below the brake coil 38 of last fuselage 49, but there is the passage wiring last fuselage 49 inside, following fuselage 9 is provided with the brake gear terminal box.The brake of can switching on of seperator motor outage back brake coil 38, motor cut off the power supply automatically when promptly brake coil 38 was switched on, its schematic diagram as shown in Figure 4, the wiring starting point of binding post A, B, C, N is an electrical source of power, terminal point is control cabinet JX; The wiring starting point of binding post U, V, W, (E) is control cabinet JX, and terminal point is a motor; The wiring starting point of binding post Y1, Y2 is control cabinet JX, and terminal point is a seperator.
8, charging discharge system
Described input and output material system as shown in Figure 1, it mainly acts on is that liquid charging stock is sent into rotary drum 37, the light phase, the heavy phase material that will throw away after will being separated by rotary drum 37 compile output.By feed pipe 44, floating drum 43, adjustable pipe 48, bucket 42 is regulated in charging, capping device 41, last gatherer 40, following gatherer 39 compresses compositions such as hook.39 times end flanges of following gatherer are sleeved in the fuselage 49 upper end seams, under 40 times end flanges suits of last gatherer in the gatherer 39 upper end seams, 41 times end flanges of capping device are sleeved in the gatherer 40 upper end seams, utilize three to compress hook it is pressed on the fuselage 49, compress the upper limb that the hook lower end is hinged on fuselage 49, pressure hook and pull bar upper end thread connection, rotate pressure hook and regulate length, make pressure hook snap in capping device 41 hoop limits, tighten the hand nut that revolves above the pressure hook, compress hook the input and output material system is pressed on the fuselage 49; Heavy phase/glue is clearly to throw away from a plurality of inclined holes that rotary drum 37 tops are uniformly distributed along the circumference, and compiles in the cavity volume that capping device 41 and last gatherer 40 form and flows out; Light phase/concentrated latex is that the adjustment screwed pipe 90 from the rotary drum neck throws away, and compiles in the cavity volume of last gatherer 40 and 39 formation of following gatherer and flows out; Last gatherer 40, following gatherer 39, it is smooth and easy that the structural design of capping device 41 has taken into full account air current flow, guarantee that air-flow does not form eddy current in the cavity volume inside of following gatherer 39, assurance is flow through drum surface from the airflow smooth of the opening suction of fuselage 9 down, discharge from last gatherer 40, following gatherer 39 liquid outlets after absorbing heat, rotary drum 37 is played cooling effect.Being placed on charging at floating drum 43 regulates in the bucket 42, awl core below it the formation sealed valve that matches with feed pipe 44 lower ends, it is that high and low position adjustment by feed pipe 44 decides that liquid levels in the bucket 42 are regulated in charging, feed pipe 44 is heightened or turned down, corresponding rising of liquid level or reduction, the liquid level difference, the corresponding difference of the output of seperator; Liquid charging stock enters rotary drum 37, regulating bucket 42 interior liquid levels will descend, floating drum 43 descends with liquid level feed pipe 44 lower ends is opened, thereby the liquid make-up raw material raises the decline liquid level, fitting and the sealing feeding pipe in 43 times face cone cores of floating drum and feed pipe 44 lower ends, makes adjusting bucket 42 interior liquid levels always remain on to set up height and form certain hydraulic pressure and make the liquid material enter rotary drum 37.Adjustable pipe 48 is screwed on the bottom surface of regulating bucket 42 by screw thread, every machine has a cover different inner diameters size totally 5 adjustable pipe 48, can obtain different output by the adjustable pipe 48 of selecting different inner diameters for use, the size of seperator output is by regulating feed pipe 44 high and low positions and selecting for use different adjustable pipe 48 to realize.
9, motor flange and belt tension mechanism thereof
Described motor 5 and belt tension mechanism thereof are as shown in Figure 1, motor 5 is a vertical structure, end flanges 57 is a specially made structure under it, side structure that flange 57 and stator casing connect and standard electromotor identical, and link a side size greater than the hole of descending the big flat tyre wheel 7 of packing on the fuselage 9 with following fuselage 9, flange 57 right-hand members and screw rod tensioning adjusting device 18 link, flange 57 is the elongated hole along the adjusting direction with the hole that following fuselage 9 links, flange 57 right-hand member lower surfaces are equipped with a guiding rib 6 with screw, under embedding, in the gathering sill of fuselage 9, in groove, moves during tensioning in this muscle.Tightener as shown in Figure 5, by pressing plate 96, pull bar 97, pull-rod nut 98 is formed.Tighten tensioning nut during tensioning, motor will be moved, reach suitable rate of tension, remove tensioning apparatus, also can adjust the tensioning adjusting device 18 of flange right-hand member the screw-driving on the motor flange 57.
10, following fuselage 50 and earthquake isolating equipment
Airframe structure is relatively complicated under the existing seperator, and casting, Machining Technology require high, and machining amount is big.Described down fuselage 9 can be realized functional requirement well, and intensity, rigidity are enough, and the parts mounting or dismounting are convenient, moulded coordination attractive in appearance meets the Human Engineering requirement, to the casting, machining specification requirement greatly reduce than existing seperator, machining amount reduces, and has saved manufacturing cost.There is the tensioning adjusting device 18 of regulating position, motor 5 left and right sides on the right side that following fuselage 9 is installed motor flange 57 holes, and the center, left side has illogical gathering sill, the guiding of motor 5 when being used for the belt tension adjusting.
Described earthquake isolating equipment as shown in figure 10, by supporting leg 10, damping rubber cushion 54, compositions such as rubber cushion pressure ring 55, studs 66, at first studs 66 lower ends are screwed on the base 19, again with supporting leg 10 screwing in double-ended stud 66 upper ends, pressure ring 55 is inserted in supporting leg 10 and with screw damping rubber cushion 54 is fixed on supporting leg 10 upper ends, the following fuselage 9 that installs is lifted on the supporting leg 10, damping rubber cushion 54 is packed in the circular hole that down fuselage 9 and supporting leg 10 match, again damping rubber cushion 54 is screwed last fuselage 9.
11, air cooling system
Air inlet on the following fuselage 9, the annular air inducing hole on the top chock 29, wind gathering plate 53, last gatherer 40, the following gatherer 39 common air draught cooling systems of forming, form negative pressure at its bottom centre position during rotary drum 37 rotations, air has swabbing action to external world, air is inhaled into below fuselage 9, after converging, passes wind gathering plate 53 rotary drum 37 surfaces, from last gatherer 40, the outlet discharge of gatherer 39 down, the inner surface of following gatherer 39 has uniform deflector, can prevent that air from forming eddy current in the gatherer 39 down.
12, frequency converter and electrical control
Motor adopts frequency converter to start, and frequency converter directly can be chosen from market, is to start by platform during owing to the real work of latex seperator, washes machine by platform, and for saving cost, a frequency converter can be controlled three seperator electric motor startings.Electromagnetic brake, frequency converter, motor external wiring diagram, as shown in Figure 4.
13, band driving/electricity drives the lubricated latex disk centrifuge of fuel feeding
As Fig. 1, shown in Figure 1: complete machine is by motor 5, flat belt transmission (7,8,26), vertical shaft system and belt be last item force compensating device (1~4 radially, 21~26,28~36), by small pulley 50, big belt wheel 51, be with 52, oil inlet pipe 11, gear oil pump 12, last oil inlet pipe 13, oil return pipe 14, fuel tank 15, upper bearing (metal) oil inlet pipe 16, oil seal cover 17, lower bearing oil inlet pipe 20, oil mirror 27 constitutes lubricating system, belt stretcher, rotary drum 37, input and output material system (39~48), electromagnetic brake 38, air intake cooling system, base 19, supporting leg 10, damping device (54,55), following fuselage 9, last fuselage 49, compositions such as frequency converter and electrical control cabinet.Motor 5 can guarantee steady raising speed in the start-up course by variable frequency starting, avoids starting current excessive, and motor 5 adopts common motors, and rotary drum 37 runs up under a certain steady job rotating speed.Motor 5 is installed in down on the fuselage 9, big belt pulley 7 links with motor 5, flat belt transmission system and vertical shaft system link, belt radially last item force compensating device is arranged in the upper bearing (metal) parts of vertical shaft system, vertical shaft system and rotary drum 37 link, lubricating system and following fuselage 9, end cup 21, oil mirror 27, spring case 36 links, input and output material system (39~48) links with following fuselage 9, following fuselage 9 links with support 19 by vibration absorber and supporting leg 10, the air intake cooling system is arranged on down fuselage 9, top chock 29, wind gathering plate 53, following gatherer 39, on the last gatherer 40, motor 5, electromagnetic brake coil 38, frequency converter and electrical control cabinet link.The drum structure that this disk centrifuge rotary drum 37 adopts as shown in Figure 3, video disc 85 is provided with neutral hole, is used for the natural rubber concentrated latex and separates.
Lubricating system is divided into two kinds: band shown in Figure 1 drives in the fuel feeding lubricating system, and the power of gear pump 12 is from rotary drum 37, and electricity shown in Figure 2 drives in the fuel feeding lubricating system, and gear pump 12 is from translator, and motor and power supply link.
14, semi-enclosed artificial Slagoff type disk centrifuge
As shown in Figure 8, composition comprises: motor 5, flat belt transmission (7,8,26), vertical shaft system and belt be last item force compensating device (1~4 radially, 21~26,28~36), small pulley 50, big belt wheel 51, be with 52, oil inlet pipe 11, gear oil pump 12, last oil inlet pipe 13, oil return pipe 14, fuel tank 15, upper bearing (metal) oil inlet pipe 16, oil seal cover 17, lower bearing oil inlet pipe 20, oil mirror 27 constitutes lubricating system, belt stretcher 18, support 19, supporting leg 10, damping device (54,55), following fuselage 9, light liquid centripetal discharge pump 61, heavy-fluid centripetal discharge pump 62, rotary drum 59, upper encloser 60, end case 58, input and output material joint 63, feed tube 66, heavy-fluid efferent duct 64, heavy-fluid pressure regulation device 65, light liquid efferent duct 68, light liquid pressure regulation device 67, input and output material joint clasp 69, compress handle 70, upper encloser 60 and end case 61, frequency converter and electrical control cabinet etc.Also can adopt the driving of electricity shown in the accompanying drawing 2 fuel feeding lubricating system by lubricating system.
Motor 5 is installed in down on the fuselage 9, big belt pulley 7 links with motor 5, flat belt transmission system and vertical shaft system link, belt radially last item force compensating device is arranged in the upper bearing (metal) parts of vertical shaft system, vertical shaft system and rotary drum 59 link, lubricating system and following fuselage 9, end cup 21, oil mirror 27, spring case 36 links, following fuselage 9 links with support 19 by vibration absorber and supporting leg 10, the air intake cooling system is arranged on down fuselage 9, on the top chock 29, rotary drum 59 is contained in vertical shaft 22 tops, centripetal discharge pump 61,62 link with rotary drum 59 and input and output material joint 63, end case 58 links with following fuselage 9, upper encloser 60 links with end case 58, input and output material joint 63 links with upper encloser 60, feed tube 66, heavy-fluid efferent duct 64 and light liquid efferent duct 68 link with input and output material joint 63 respectively, heavy-fluid regulator 65, light liquid regulator 67 is contained in respectively on heavy-fluid efferent duct 64 and the light liquid efferent duct 68, motor 5, frequency converter and electrical control cabinet link.Lubricating system also can adopt electricity shown in Figure 2 to drive the fuel feeding lubricating system for band drives the fuel feeding lubricating system among Fig. 6, and gear pump 12 is from translator, and motor and power supply link, and has cancelled band and has driven small pulley 50, the big belt wheel 51 in the fuel feeding and be with 52.Light liquid centripetal discharge pump 61, heavy-fluid centripetal discharge pump 62 are housed on the rotary drum 59, Light phase, heavy phase liquid after rotary drum 59 separates are outwards exported via centripetal discharge pump 61,62, can be by regulating heavy-fluid regulator 65, light liquid regulator 67 under non-stop-machine situation, thereby regulate the fluid mouth pressure and control neutral layer radius, make weight two liquid phase interfaces just in time at the video disc position of opening; Have neutral hole (charging hole) on the video disc, the position of opening of neutral hole on video disc changes by the separation requirement of raw material, more little as heavy phase volume in the emulsion feed to be separated, neutral hole position of opening is far away more from axis on the video disc, otherwise light phase volume is little, and neutral hole position of opening is then near axis; As containing Shao Liang Light phase in the emulsion, purpose is a purification heavy phase Qu Chu Light phase, and as milk separation, mandarin oil separation, serum separation etc., neutral hole position of opening is near the video disc center; As containing a small amount of heavy phase in the emulsion, purpose is to purify to remove heavy phase clearly mutually, and as water-oil separating etc., neutral hole position of opening is then near disc edge; End case 58 is a cylindrical part, and the bottom links with following fuselage 9 by strengthening steel ring, and upper encloser 60 upper ends are provided with cranse and are used to connect charging/discharging device 63; Charging/discharging device 63 is provided with raw material input port, light liquid outlet, heavy liquid exit, all is connected with the outside pipe joint that adopts, and light liquid, heavy-fluid efferent duct are provided with pressure regulation device.This kind seperator can be used as solid content in volume such as antibiotic solution less than the liquid between medium and small difference in specific gravity two liquid phases of 1% emulsion feed-liquid separate, liquid-liquid-solid separation.
15, Belt Drive nozzle Slagoff type disk centrifuge
As shown in Figure 9, composition comprises: motor 5, flat belt transmission (7,8,26), vertical shaft system and belt be last item force compensating device (1~4 radially, 21~26,28~36), small pulley 50, big belt wheel 51, be with 52, oil inlet pipe 11, gear oil pump 12, last oil inlet pipe 13, oil return pipe 14, fuel tank 15, upper bearing (metal) oil inlet pipe 16, oil seal cover 17, lower bearing oil inlet pipe 20, oil mirror 27 constitutes lubricating system, belt stretcher, support 19, supporting leg 10, damping device (54,55), following fuselage 9, last fuselage 49, centripetal discharge pump 78, nozzle type rotary drum 76, input and output material system 77, last cover 75 and end cover 74 etc., frequency converter and electrical control cabinet etc.Lubricating system also can adopt the driving of electricity shown in the accompanying drawing 2 fuel feeding lubricating system.Motor 5 is installed in down on the fuselage 9, big belt pulley 7 links with motor 5, flat belt transmission system and vertical shaft system link, belt radially last item force compensating device is arranged in the upper bearing (metal) parts of vertical shaft system, lubricating system and following fuselage 9, end cup 21, oil mirror 27, spring case 36 links, following fuselage 9 links with support 19 by vibration absorber and supporting leg 10, the air intake cooling system is arranged on down fuselage 9, top chock 29, on the wind gathering plate 53, rotary drum 76 is contained in vertical shaft 22 tops, centripetal discharge pump 78 links with rotary drum 76 and input and output material system 77, end cover 74 links with following fuselage 9, on cover 75 and link with end cover 74, utilize clip 79 that input and output material system 77 and last cover 75 are linked.The centripetal discharge pump 78 of output liquid phase is housed on the rotary drum 76, and nozzle rotary drum 76 structures are the biconial rotary drum, have ring-type to deposit the slag space in diconical joint portion, and its periphery evenly is equipped with the deslagging nozzle, and it is continuous from nozzle that ring-type is deposited the slurry that is concentrated in the slag space; Cover 74 bottoms and be provided with heavy liquid exit at the end, on cover 75 for sheet metal component, its interior lower end is provided with complete cycle heavy-fluid collecting ring, there is stiffening ring the upper end; Input and output material system 77 is provided with slurry feedstock input port and light liquid outlet, all is connected with the outside pipe joint that adopts.The nozzle Slagoff type is applicable to handles 0.1~100 micron of solid particle size, and solid volume concentration is lower than the concentrating and separating of 25% suspension, but continued operation.
Lubricating system also can adopt electricity shown in Figure 2 to drive in the lubricated disk centrifuge of fuel feeding for band drives the fuel feeding lubricating system among Fig. 9, and gear pump 12 is from translator, and motor and power supply link, and has cancelled band and has driven small pulley 50, the big belt wheel 51 in the fuel feeding and be with 52.
16, flat belt driven dish type splitter fuselage and running part
Described lubricated disk centrifuge fuselage of band driving fuel feeding and running part are as shown in Figure 6, by motor 5, flat belt transmission (7,8,26), vertical shaft system and belt be last item force compensating device (1~4 radially, 21~26,28~36), small pulley 50, big belt wheel 51, be with 52, oil inlet pipe 11, gear oil pump 12, last oil inlet pipe 13, oil return pipe 14, fuel tank 15, upper bearing (metal) oil inlet pipe 16, oil seal cover 17, lower bearing oil inlet pipe 20, oil mirror 27 constitutes lubricating system, belt stretcher, rotary drum 37, input and output material system (39~48), electromagnetic brake 38, wind gathering plate 53, support 19, supporting leg 10, damping device (54,55), following fuselage 9, last fuselage 49, compositions such as frequency converter and electrical control cabinet.Motor 5 is by variable frequency starting.The present invention includes by the lubrication system architecture difference: the band shown in the accompanying drawing 1 drives the fuel feeding lubricating system, and electricity drives the fuel feeding lubricating system shown in the accompanying drawing 2.Motor 5 is installed in down on the fuselage 9, big belt pulley 7 links with motor 5, flat belt transmission system and vertical shaft system link, belt radially last item force compensating device is arranged in the upper bearing (metal) parts of vertical shaft system, vertical shaft system and rotary drum 37 link, lubricating system links with following fuselage 9, end cup 21, oily mirror 27, spring case 36, following fuselage 9 links with support 19 by vibration absorber and supporting leg 10, the air intake cooling system is arranged on down on fuselage 9, top chock 29, the wind gathering plate 53, and motor 5, electromagnetic brake coil group 38, frequency converter and electrical control cabinet link.The power of band transmission fuel feeding lubricating system middle gear pump 12 shown in Figure 6 is from rotary drum 37, electricity shown in Figure 7 drives the difference lubricated with being with the driving fuel feeding of fuel feeding lubricating system and is: gear pump 12 is from translator, motor and power supply link, and have cancelled band and have driven small pulley 50, the big belt wheel 51 in the fuel feeding and be with 52.
Connect form by changing vertical shaft 22 upper ends with the taper hole of various rotary drum, can and go up fuselage, input and output material system etc. accordingly with the various rotary drum of other purposes matches, constitute corresponding artificial Slagoff type, nozzle type, ring valve automatic discharge type disk centrifuge type, and be used for other applications.
Embodiment 1
Band drives/electric driven wheel oil pump feed lubricating jelly breast disk centrifuge
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, for being used for the concentrating and separating latex seperator of natural rubber latex, video disc is provided with neutral hole.The latex raw material enters the rotary drum of rotation at a high speed through feed pipe, adjusting bucket, and raw material is separated into concentrated latex (gently phase) and the glue clear (heavy phase) that meets relevant criterion and require and is thrown out of rotary drum, compiles back output at last gatherer and following gatherer respectively.Improvement to existing rotary drum technology is as follows:
1. increased the solid-holding space: the latex separator drum is after running a period of time, in the following conical surface of charging oviduct 92, can form the gel ring that is round, and increase gradually with the prolongation of working time, thereby influence separating effect and output, this is one of principal element that influences the seperator stream time.For this reason, the present invention with rotary drum at the bottom of the 84 corresponding sites following conical surface that is designed to down concavity and charging oviduct 92 form big solid-holding space, permission forms big gel cushion rubber below feed pipe, and suitably increased the size of inlet opening on charging oviduct 92 conical surfaces, prevent to stop up inlet opening because of forming gel ring, and then influence separating effect and production capacity, prolonged the time of rotary drum continuous operation.Prolong more than 30 minutes than existing rotary drum stream time through the rotary drum after improving like this, indexs such as separating effect (dried contain, row yielding) reach standard-required, and productivity ratio has type raising 5~8% now.
2. the improvement of intensity and reliability aspect:
At the bottom of the rotary drum 84: the position that is prone to crackle at the bottom of the rotary drum in the existing latex separator drum 37 most is positioned at the bottom surface intermediate location, and this position is to be subjected to stress state that the position that stress is concentrated badly and easily takes place at the bottom of the rotary drum, and goes to heavy position near dynamic balancing again.For this reason in invention employing structure as shown in Figure 3, avoid significantly sectional dimension to change, suitably strengthened the gauge of close circumferential location bottom, 84 wall thickness uniformities that more become everywhere at the bottom of the whole drum, it is inharmonious concentrated with stress to slow down distortion, thereby prevents the possibility that fatigue crack takes place.Rotary drum in use needed to shut down disassembly, cleaning once every 3 ~ 3.5 hours; be to guarantee that video disc 85 is by the screw thread that fully compresses and protect rotary drum locking nut 86 with rotary drum seat 84 in the rotary drum in producing at present; also for making rotary drum 37 assemblings quick; reliable convenient; after all adopting specific purpose tool one compactor that rotary drum lid 88 is pressed onto the position; again rotary drum nut 86 is screwed to the position; the last plane C of rotary drum lid 88 is subjected to very big pressure during each dismounting rotary drum; and the recess E place, upper end of charging oviduct 92 is subjected to very big pulling force; this active force can reach 900 kilograms; existing rotary drum lid 88 designs have big load effect when reckoning without in the use frequent dismounting; last plane C and the cylinder junction gauge below it are less than normal; and upward the plane outer rim circumferentially has the inclined hole of 8 concentrated latexs to export; rotary drum lid 88 is easily herein by pressure break in the reality, and the present invention has suitably strengthened planar thickness size on the rotary drum lid 88.
Charging oviduct 92: the upper end recess of charging oviduct 92 is force parts of rotary drum lifting snap close and dismounting compactor, charging oviduct 92 designs of existing rotary drum reckon without use, charging oviduct 92 upper end sizes are less than normal, lift by crane and the dismounting rotary drum because of frequent after using a period of time, E place, recess upper end can produce gross distortion, not only influence the application of force that compresses, also may influence the security of lifting, suitably strengthened size herein in the present invention, and added and make man-hour on the recess transverse plane be slight downward inclined-plane from inside to outside.
3. the improvement of 84 taper hole structures at the bottom of the rotary drum: taper hole is the location and installation benchmark of whole drum 37, because rotary drum 37 is worked under high speed, add will be frequently from the vertical shaft reason such as dismounting, practical application shows: even after the rotary drum that newly dispatches from the factory 37 uses a period of time, different distortion of degree and wearing and tearing also can appear in taper hole, and after occurring being out of shape, wearing and tearing, it is big that machine vibration becomes, taper hole must be adopted corresponding technology reparation, and a rotary drum can repeatedly be repaired taper hole in whole service life.The design of 84 taper holes does not fully take into account the renovation technique requirement at the bottom of the existing rotary drum, the above straight cylinder length of taper hole small end is reserved very little, just can't repair later because of no process allowance after first and second reparation, the rotary drum that causes can also normally using after repairing is scrapped, and causes waste.The present invention has strengthened the length of the above straight cylinder technology of taper hole small end position, strengthened the axial dimension in the end nut, and considered at the bottom of the rotary drum after the 84 taper hole reparations that from complete machine design rotary drum 37 deposits heavy problem in that vertical shaft is upper, 84 taper holes can repeatedly be repaired at the bottom of making rotary drum, thereby have prolonged the rotary drum life-span.
Embodiment 2
Band driving/electricity drives the lubricated open artificial deslagging disk centrifuge of fuel feeding
As Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, complete machine is by motor 5, flat belt transmission (7,8,26), vertical shaft system and belt be last item force compensating device (1~4 radially, 21~26,28~36), by small pulley 50, big belt wheel 51, be with 52, oil inlet pipe 11, gear oil pump 12, last oil inlet pipe 13, oil return pipe 14, fuel tank 15, upper bearing (metal) oil inlet pipe 16, oil seal cover 17, lower bearing oil inlet pipe 20, oil mirror 27 constitutes lubricating system, belt stretcher 18, rotary drum 37, input and output material system (39~48), electromagnetic brake 38, wind gathering plate 53, base 19, supporting leg 10, damping device (54,55), following fuselage 9, last fuselage 49, compositions such as frequency converter and electrical control cabinet.Motor 5 is by variable frequency starting, can guarantee steady raising speed in the start-up course, avoid starting current excessive, motor 5 as employing common motor, rotary drum 37 can run up under a certain steady job rotating speed, adopt variable-speed motor as motor 9, rotary drum 37 can be lower than steady running under some rotating speed of maximum speed.Motor 6 is installed in down on the fuselage 9, big belt pulley 7 links with motor 5, flat belt transmission system and vertical shaft system link, belt radially last item force compensating device is arranged in the upper bearing (metal) parts of vertical shaft system, vertical shaft system and rotary drum 37 link, lubricating system and following fuselage 9, end cup 23, oil mirror 29, spring case 36 links, input and output material system (39~48) links with following fuselage 9, following fuselage 9 links with support 19 by vibration absorber and supporting leg 10, the air intake cooling system is arranged on down fuselage 9, top chock 29, wind gathering plate 53, following gatherer 39, on the last gatherer 40, motor 5, electromagnetic brake coil 38, frequency converter and electrical control cabinet link.
Lubricating system is divided into two kinds: band shown in Figure 1 drives in the fuel feeding lubricating system, and the power of gear pump 12 is from rotary drum 37, and electricity shown in Figure 2 drives in the fuel feeding lubricating system, and gear pump 12 is from translator, and motor and power supply link.
This disk centrifuge rotary drum 37 is divided into two kinds of situations by whether neutral hole (charging hole) is set on the video disc 85, be provided with neutral hole as video disc 85, then seperator is used for the liquid-liquid separation or the liquid-liquid-solid separation of emulsion feed, and emulsion feed is made of less than 1% two liquid phases and the solid content in volume of two immiscible little difference in specific gravity.The position of opening of neutral hole on video disc changes by the separation requirement of raw material, more little as heavy phase volume in the emulsion feed to be separated, neutral hole position of opening is then far away more from axis on the video disc, otherwise light phase volume ratio is less, and neutral hole position of opening is then near axis on the video disc; Contain Shao Liang Light phase in the emulsion, purpose is a purification heavy phase Qu Chu Light phase, and as milk separation, mandarin oil separation, serum separation etc., neutral hole position of opening is near the video disc center; Contain a small amount of heavy phase in the emulsion, purpose is to purify to remove heavy phase clearly mutually, and as water-oil separating etc., neutral hole position of opening is near disc edge; By separation test, regulate neutral layer radius by the adjustment screwed pipe 90 of using the different length that is contained on the rotary drum instead, make light, weigh two liquid phase interfaces just in time at the video disc position of opening, thereby reach good separating effect.When not opening neutral hole on the rotary drum video disc and adopting solid adjustment screwed pipe, can be used as solid content in volume less than 1% emulsion feed clarification type seperator, also can be used as solid content in volume less than 1%, solid particle size is less than the clarification type seperator of 0.1 micron suspension raw material, as fruit juice, beer clarification etc.
Embodiment 3
Semi-enclosed artificial Slagoff type disk centrifuge
As shown in Figure 8, composition comprises: motor 5, flat belt transmission (7,8,26), vertical shaft system and belt be last item force compensating device (1~4 radially, 21~26,28~36), small pulley 50, big belt wheel 51, be with 52, oil inlet pipe 11, gear oil pump 12, last oil inlet pipe 13, oil return pipe 14, fuel tank 15, upper bearing (metal) oil inlet pipe 16, oil seal cover 17, lower bearing oil inlet pipe 20, oil mirror 27 constitutes lubricating system, belt stretcher 18, support 19, supporting leg 10, damping device (54,55), following fuselage 9, light liquid centripetal discharge pump 61, heavy-fluid centripetal discharge pump 62, rotary drum 59, upper encloser 60, end case 58, input and output material joint 63, feed tube 66, heavy-fluid efferent duct 64, heavy-fluid pressure regulation device 65, light liquid efferent duct 68, light liquid pressure regulation device 67, input and output material joint clasp 69, compress handle 70, frequency converter and electrical control cabinet etc.
Motor 5 is installed in down on the fuselage 9, big belt pulley 7 links with motor 5, flat belt transmission system and vertical shaft system link, belt radially last item force compensating device is arranged in the upper bearing (metal) parts of vertical shaft system, vertical shaft system and rotary drum 59 link, lubricating system and following fuselage 9, end cup 21, oil mirror 27, spring case 36 links, following fuselage 9 links with support 19 by vibration absorber and supporting leg 10, the air intake cooling system is arranged on down fuselage 9, on the top chock 29, rotary drum 59 is contained in vertical shaft 22 tops, centripetal discharge pump 61,62 link with rotary drum 59 and input and output material joint 63, end case 58 links with following fuselage 9, upper encloser 60 links with end case 58, input and output material joint 63 links with upper encloser 60, feed tube 66, heavy-fluid efferent duct 64 and light liquid efferent duct 68 link with input and output material joint 63 respectively, heavy-fluid regulator 65, light liquid regulator 67 is contained in respectively on heavy-fluid efferent duct 64 and the light liquid efferent duct 68, motor 5, frequency converter and electrical control cabinet link.Lubricating system drives the fuel feeding lubricating system for band among Fig. 6, also can adopt the electricity shown in the figure to drive the fuel feeding lubricating system, electricity shown in Figure 2 drives in the lubricated disk centrifuge of fuel feeding, gear pump 12 is from translator, motor and power supply link, and have cancelled band and have driven small pulley 50, the big belt wheel 51 in the fuel feeding and be with 52.Centripetal discharge pump 60,61 is housed on the rotary drum 59, Light phase, heavy phase liquid after rotary drum 59 separates are outwards exported via centripetal discharge pump 60,61, can under non-stop-machine situation, regulate liquid outlet pressure and control neutral layer radius, make weight two liquid phase interfaces just in time at the video disc position of opening; Have neutral hole (charging hole) on the video disc, the position of opening of neutral hole on video disc adjusted according to the separation requirement of raw material, more little as heavy phase volume in the emulsion feed to be separated, neutral hole position of opening is far away more from axis on the video disc, otherwise light phase volume ratio is less, neutral hole position of opening is then near axis on the video disc, contain Shao Liang Light phase in the emulsion to be separated, purpose is a purification heavy phase Qu Chu Light phase, as milk separation, mandarin oil separates, serum separation etc., neutral hole position of opening is near the video disc center, contain a small amount of heavy phase in the emulsion, purpose is to purify to remove heavy phase clearly mutually, and as water-oil separating etc., neutral hole position of opening is then near disc edge; End case 58 is a cylindrical part, and the bottom links with following fuselage 9 by strengthening steel ring, and upper encloser 60 upper ends are provided with cranse and are used to connect input and output material system 63; Charging/discharging device 63 is provided with raw material input port, light liquid outlet, heavy liquid exit, all is connected with the outside pipe joint that adopts, and light liquid, heavy-fluid efferent duct are provided with pressure regulation device.This kind seperator be used for solid content in volume less than liquid-liquid of 1% emulsion feed separate, liquid-liquid-solid separation.
Embodiment 4
Nozzle Slagoff type disk centrifuge
As shown in the figure, composition comprises: motor 5, flat belt transmission (7,8,26), vertical shaft system and belt be last item force compensating device (1~4 radially, 21~26,28~36), small pulley 50, big belt wheel 51, be with 52, oil inlet pipe 11, gear oil pump 12, last oil inlet pipe 13, oil return pipe 14, fuel tank 15, upper bearing (metal) oil inlet pipe 16, oil seal cover 17, lower bearing oil inlet pipe 20, oil mirror 27 constitutes lubricating system, belt stretcher, base 19, supporting leg 10, damping device (54,55), following fuselage 9, last fuselage 49, centripetal discharge pump 78, nozzle type rotary drum 76, input and output material system 77, last cover 75 and end cover 74 etc., frequency converter and electrical control cabinet etc.Press the lubrication system architecture difference, the present invention includes: the band shown in the accompanying drawing 1 drives the fuel feeding lubricating system, and electricity drives the fuel feeding lubricating system shown in the accompanying drawing 2.Motor 5 is installed in down on the fuselage 9, big belt pulley 7 links with motor 5, flat belt transmission system and vertical shaft system link, belt radially last item force compensating device is arranged in the upper bearing (metal) parts of vertical shaft system, lubricating system and following fuselage 9, end cup 21, oil mirror 27, spring case 36 links, following fuselage 9 links with support 19 by vibration absorber and supporting leg 10, the air intake cooling system is arranged on down fuselage 9, top chock 29, on the wind gathering plate 53, rotary drum 76 is contained in vertical shaft 22 tops, centripetal discharge pump 78 links with rotary drum 76 and input and output material system 77, end cover 74 links with following fuselage 9, on cover 75 and link with end cover 74, utilize clip 79 that input and output material system 77 and last cover 75 are linked.The centripetal discharge pump 78 of output liquid phase is housed on the rotary drum, and nozzle rotary drum 76 structures are the biconial rotary drum, have ring-type to deposit the slag space in diconical joint portion, and its periphery evenly is equipped with the deslagging nozzle, and it is continuous from nozzle that ring-type is deposited the slurry that is concentrated in the slag space; Cover 74 bottoms and be provided with heavy liquid exit at the end, on cover 75 for sheet metal component, its interior lower end is provided with complete cycle heavy-fluid collecting ring, there is stiffening ring the upper end; Input and output material system 77 is provided with slurry feedstock input port and light liquid outlet, all is connected with the outside pipe joint that adopts.The nozzle Slagoff type is applicable to handles 0.1~100 micron of solid particle size, and solid volume concentration is lower than the concentrating and separating of 25% suspension, but continued operation.
Lubricating system also can adopt electricity shown in Figure 2 to drive in the lubricated disk centrifuge of fuel feeding for band drives the fuel feeding lubricating system among Fig. 9, and gear pump 12 is from translator, and motor and power supply link, and has cancelled band and has driven small pulley 50, the big belt wheel 51 in the fuel feeding and be with 52.
Embodiment 5
Band drives/electric driven wheel oil pump feed lubricating system disk centrifuge fuselage and transmission system
Described lubricated disk centrifuge fuselage of band driving fuel feeding and running part are as shown in Figure 6, by motor 5, flat belt transmission (7,8,26), vertical shaft system and belt be last item force compensating device (1~4 radially, 21~26,28~36), small pulley 50, big belt wheel 51, be with 52, oil inlet pipe 11, gear oil pump 12, last oil inlet pipe 13, oil return pipe 14, fuel tank 15, upper bearing (metal) oil inlet pipe 16, oil seal cover 17, lower bearing oil inlet pipe 20, oil mirror 27 constitutes lubricating system, belt stretcher, rotary drum 37, input and output material system (39~48), electromagnetic brake 38, the air intake cooling system, support 19, supporting leg 10, damping device (54,55), following fuselage 9, last fuselage 49, compositions such as frequency converter and electrical control cabinet.Motor 5 can guarantee steady raising speed in the start-up course by variable frequency starting, avoids starting current excessive.The present invention includes by the lubrication system architecture difference: the band shown in the accompanying drawing 1 drives the fuel feeding lubricating system, and electricity drives the fuel feeding lubricating system shown in the accompanying drawing 2.Motor 5 is installed in down on the fuselage 9, big belt pulley 7 links with motor 5, flat belt transmission system and vertical shaft system link, belt radially last item force compensating device is arranged in the upper bearing (metal) parts of vertical shaft system, vertical shaft system and rotary drum 37 link, lubricating system links with following fuselage 9, end cup 21, oily mirror 27, spring case 36, following fuselage 9 links with support 19 by vibration absorber and supporting leg 10, the air intake cooling system is arranged on down on fuselage 9, top chock 29, the wind gathering plate 53, and motor 5, electromagnetic brake coil group 38, frequency converter and electrical control cabinet link.The power of band transmission fuel feeding lubricating system middle gear pump 12 shown in Figure 6 is from rotary drum 37, electricity shown in Figure 7 drives the difference lubricated with being with the driving fuel feeding of fuel feeding lubricating system and is: gear pump 12 is from translator, motor and power supply link, and have cancelled band and have driven small pulley 50, the big belt wheel 51 in the fuel feeding and be with 52.Connect form by changing vertical shaft 22 upper ends with the taper hole of various rotary drum, can and go up fuselage, input and output material system etc. accordingly with the various rotary drum of other purposes matches, constitute corresponding artificial Slagoff type, nozzle type, ring valve automatic discharge type disk centrifuge type, and be used for other applications.

Claims (9)

1. flat belt driven dish type splitter, by power section, running part, lubricating system, working portion, fuselage part and control and slave part are formed, it is characterized in that motor (5) is installed in down on the fuselage (9), big flat tyre wheel (7) links with motor (5), flat belt transmission system and vertical shaft system link, belt radially last item force compensating device is arranged in the upper bearing (metal) parts of vertical shaft system, vertical shaft system and rotary drum (37) link, lubricating system and following fuselage (9), end cup (21), oil mirror (27), spring case (36) links, the input and output material system links with following fuselage (9), following fuselage (9) is by damping device (54,55), supporting leg (10) links with support (19), the air intake cooling system is arranged on down fuselage (9), top chock (29), wind gathering plate (53), following gatherer (39), on the last gatherer (40), motor (5), electromagnetic brake coil group (38), frequency converter and electrical control cabinet link; Motor (5) adopts common asynchronous ac motor; Utilize its transmission and following fuselage can constitute the disk centrifuge of artificial Slagoff type, nozzle Slagoff type and ring valve Slagoff type respectively in addition; The rotary drum video disc has two kinds of structures: the one, have neutral hole on the video disc, the position of opening of neutral hole on video disc changes by the separation requirement of raw material, more little as heavy phase liquid volume in the emulsion liquid raw material to be separated, neutral hole position of opening is far away more from axis on the video disc, otherwise light phase volume ratio is less, and neutral hole position of opening is then near axis on the video disc; Pass through separation test; use the adjustment screwed pipe of the different length that is contained on the rotary drum after the shutdown instead and regulate neutral layer radius; make light, weigh two liquid phase interfaces just in time at the video disc position of opening; another kind is not open neutral hole on the rotary drum video disc; and adopt solid adjustment screwed pipe; under this structure, this separate function as solid volume than less than 1% emulsion feed clarification type seperator or solid volume than less than 1%, solid particle size is less than the clarification type seperator of 0.1 micron suspension raw material.
2. according to the described flat belt driven dish type splitter of claim 1, it is characterized in that described flat belt transmission system: by big flat tyre wheel (7), flat belt (8), little flat tyre wheel (26) is formed, on motor (5) output shaft big flat tyre wheel (7) is housed, little flat tyre wheel (26) is equipped with at vertical shaft (22) middle part, big flat tyre wheel (7) and little flat tyre wheel (26) link by flat belt (8), and link by vertical shaft (22) and rotary drum (37), the wheel rim surface of big flat tyre wheel (7) and little flat tyre wheel (26) is the dimpling cydariform, the connecting hole of following fuselage (9) upper surface and motor flange (57) is an elongated hole, and the right-hand member of following fuselage (9) is provided with motor (5), big flat tyre wheel (7), the tensioning apparatus (18) that flat belt (8) is regulated; Described vertical shaft system: by little flat tyre wheel (26), vertical shaft (22), top elastic bearing part, lower bearing is partly formed, little flat tyre wheel (26) cooperates by clamp nut by taper hole with vertical shaft (22) and is pressed on the vertical shaft (22), become one with vertical shaft (22), can only turn clockwise during vertical shaft (22) work, be processed with the axial oil guiding hole that is uniformly distributed along the circumference on the material beyond little flat tyre wheel (26) taper hole, guarantee that lubricating oil enters end cup (21) along oil guiding hole, little flat tyre wheel (26) upper end with have between the internal circular surfaces of the relative part of Oil Guide cover overlaps with Oil Guide than gap greatly, also there is big gap between little flat tyre wheel (26) lower end outer round surface and the oil seal cover (17), all is processed with the Oil Guide screw thread on little flat tyre wheel (26) upper end bore area and little flat tyre wheel (26) the lower end outer round surface; Described top elastic bearing part: top chock (29) and following fuselage (9) hole, seat of honour precision-fit also are fixed on down on the fuselage (9), interference fit is fixed with the Oil Guide cover below the top chock (29), axle spring seat (28) from bottom to top is housed on top chock (29), axial buffer device (30), the upper bearing (metal) of inner ring and vertical shaft interference fit (33) is contained in the ball bearing housing (31), top chock (29) the lower end taper fit face and axial buffer device (30) conical surface are fitted and are played the role of positioning, symmetrical five equilibrium is processed with six planes on last ball bearing housing (31) outer round surface, be contained in six radially uniform antirattle spring (34) of spring case (36), by six radial buffers (32) spring force is applied to ball bearing housing (29), makes upper bearing (metal) become elastic bearing; Spring case (36) cooperates by the face of cylinder with top chock (29) and uses bolting, and upper bearing (metal) (33) inner ring upper surface compresses with location neck ring (2) down, on to locate neck ring (3), locate neck ring (2) down all be to be connected with vertical shaft (22) by screw thread; Last fuselage (49) matches to merge with top chock (29) cylindrical and is fixed by bolts to down on the fuselage (9); Described lower bearing part: vertical shaft (22) is equipped with self-aligning ball bearing (25) in the end-journal place down, its lower surface is equipped with between bearing cover (24) and is fixed on the vertical shaft with round nut (23), the outer ring of self-aligning ball bearing (25) is contained in end cup (21) endoporus, matching with the bottom plate hole and the processing plane of following fuselage (9) in end cup (21) lower end, and is fixed by bolts to down on the baseplane of fuselage (9); End cup (21) top cavity volume is collected, is stored lubricating oil, and spill port is arranged at outer wall top, and the cavity volume upper end is uncovered oil seal cover (17), and oil seal cover (17) is little with little flat tyre wheel (26) cylindrical slit, but guarantees not touch with the little flat tyre wheel (26) of rotation; Described belt is last item force compensating device radially: in six antirattle spring (34) in upper bearing (metal) (33), in antirattle spring when design that is installed in the last item force direction, will be over against belt pulley last item force direction on the position, this spring height dimension should be than all the other five bigger h of spring simultaneously, h obtains with assay optimization as calculated, but its material, technology and other sizes and all the other five springs are identical.
3. according to the described flat belt driven dish type splitter of claim 1, it is characterized in that described rotary drum (37) is the rotary drum (37) that is used for the Heveatex concentrating and separating, by (84) at the bottom of the rotary drum, charging oviduct (92), video disc group (85), video disc gland (89), rotary drum lid (88), rotary drum nut (86), adjust screwed pipe (90), plug screw (91) is formed, charging oviduct (92) bottom location circumference is sleeved at the bottom of the rotary drum on (84) inner bottom surface boss cylinder, with (84) at the bottom of the rotary drum radially, the axial and circumferential location, video disc (85) from bottom to top is stacked on the last conical surface of charging oviduct (92) one by one, on (84) inwall circumference at the bottom of the rotary drum, be evenly equipped with six ribs along rotary drum circumferential inner wall bus, guiding up and down and circumferential location that the guiding rib of one of them (93) matches with the groove of video disc (85) and realizes the video disc mounting or dismounting, all the other five radial location muscle (94) are to video disc (85) and video disc gland (89) radial location, the following conical surface of video disc gland (89) contacts with the top video disc, be evenly equipped with six ribs that distribute along cone element on it on the conical surface, form the heavy phase liquid outlet channel with the conical surface under the rotary drum lid (88), match with the upper end inwall seam of (84) at the bottom of the rotary drum in rotary drum lid (88) face of cylinder, lower end, the lower notch of rotary drum lid (88) matches with the upper end protruding pin of (84) at the bottom of the rotary drum, realize both circumferential location, rotary drum lid (88) is depressed during the dress rotary drum, force video disc gland (89) and video disc group (85) to pressing down, when the following transverse plane of rotary drum lid (88) just contacts with the last transverse plane of (84) at the bottom of the rotary drum, rotary drum nut (86) can be screwed to the position, make video disc (85) in the rotary drum like this, charging oviduct (92) is compressed vertically fully, the loosening of part can not appear under high speed, the adjustment screwed pipe (90) that is screwed in rotary drum lid (88) neck is used to regulate neutral line position and concentrated latex concentration, every rotary drum (37) is furnished with the adjustment screwed pipe of 15 different lengths, and near drive screw at the bottom of the rotary drum the close taper hole of (84) bottom surface and the screw on the vertical shaft block plate (4) are on same circumference.
4. according to the described flat belt driven dish type splitter of claim 1, it is characterized in that described lubricating system drives lubricating system for band or electricity drives lubricating system, band drives lubricating system by small pulley (50), big belt wheel (51), fuel tank (15), oil inlet pipe (11), gear oil pump (12), last oil inlet pipe (13), lower bearing oil inlet pipe (20), oil mirror (27), upper bearing (metal) oil inlet pipe (16), vertical shaft Oil Guide system, end cup (21), oil return pipe (14) is formed, gear oil pump (12) links with big flat tyre wheel (7), below big flat tyre wheel (7), a small pulley (50) is housed, link by belt (52) and the big belt wheel (51) that is contained in gear oil pump (12) input shaft end, the lubricating oil that comes out from gear oil pump (12) is divided into two-way: the one tunnel enters oily mirror (27) through last oil inlet pipe (13), connect bearing oil inlet pipe (16) from oily mirror (27) outlet, it passes top chock (29), link from the oil-in and the upper bearing (metal) of spring case (36), oil will be from top to bottom via upper bearing (metal) (33), axial buffer device (30), the Oil Guide cover, little flat tyre wheel (26) top cavity volume and oil guiding hole thereof enter lower bearing (25) and end cup (21) cavity volume, and through oil return pipe (14) oil return; Another route lower bearing oil inlet pipe (20) inserts end cup (21) lower end fuel inlet fitting, and oily depended on pressure flows through lower bearing (25) from bottom to top, overflows oil return by end cup (21) upper end again; By small pulley (50) and the deceleration transmission of big belt wheel (51) and suitable gearratio, gear oil pump (12) position is adjustable, thereby the rate of tension of adjustable band, the design of fuel tank (15) outer surface has radiation rib, and electricity drives lubricating system middle gear oil pump (12) and adopts the oil transfer pump that carries motor.
5. according to the described flat belt driven dish type splitter of claim 1, it is characterized in that also comprising motor flange (57) and belt tension mechanism thereof, motor (5) is a vertical structure, end flanges (57) is a specially made structure under it, side structure that flange (57) and stator casing connect and standard electromotor identical, and link a side size greater than the hole of descending big flat tyre wheel (7) of packing on the fuselage (9) with following fuselage (9), flange (57) right-hand member and screw rod tensioning adjusting device (18) link, flange (57) is the elongated hole along the adjusting direction with the hole that following fuselage (9) links, flange (57) left end lower surface is equipped with a guiding rib (6) with screw, this muscle embeds in the gathering sill of following fuselage (9), move in groove during tensioning, tightener is by pressing plate (96), pull bar (97), pull-rod nut (98) is formed, tighten tensioning nut during tensioning, motor will be moved, reach suitable rate of tension the screw-driving on the motor flange (57), or remove tightener, adjust the screw rod tensioning adjusting device (18) of flange right-hand member; There is the screw rod tensioning adjusting device (18) of adjusting motor (5) position, the left and right sides on the right side in following fuselage (9) installation motor flange (57) hole, and the center, left side has gathering sill, the guiding of motor (5) when being used for the belt tension adjusting; Described damping device is by supporting leg (10), damping rubber cushion (54), rubber cushion pressure ring (55), studs (66) are formed, studs (66) lower end is contained on the base, supporting leg (10) links with studs 66 upper ends, pressure ring (55) is inserted in supporting leg (10) and with screw damping rubber cushion (54) is fixed on supporting leg (10) upper end, the following fuselage (9) that installs is contained on the supporting leg (10), in the circular hole that fuselage (9) and supporting leg (10) matched under damping rubber cushion (54) was packed into, it is screwed down fuselage (9).
6. according to the described flat belt driven dish type splitter of claim 1, it is characterized in that described air intake cooling system is by descending air inlet, the annular air inducing hole on the top chock, wind gathering plate (53), last gatherer (40), following gatherer (39) on the fuselage (9) to form, rotary drum (37) bottom centre position communicates with following fuselage (9), wind gathering plate (53) is in rotary drum (37) below, and with last gatherer (40), down the outlet of gatherer (39) communicates, the inner surface of following gatherer (39) has uniform deflector.
7. according to the described flat belt driven dish type splitter of claim 1, it is characterized in that described seperator is that band driving/electricity drives the lubricated latex disk centrifuge of fuel feeding, has neutral hole on the video disc of rotary drum (37).
8. according to the described flat belt driven dish type splitter of claim 1, it is characterized in that described seperator is the semi-enclosed artificial Slagoff type disk centrifuge of Belt Drive, first centripetal discharge pump (61), second centripetal discharge pump (62) are housed on the rotary drum (59), light phase after rotary drum (59) separates, heavy phase liquid are respectively via the outwards output of first centripetal discharge pump (61), second centripetal discharge pump (62), can under non-stop-machine situation, regulate liquid outlet pressure and control neutral layer radius, make weight two liquid phase interfaces just in time at the video disc position of opening; Have neutral hole on the video disc, the position of opening of neutral hole on video disc changes by the separation requirement of raw material, and more little as heavy phase volume in the emulsion feed to be separated, neutral hole position of opening is far away more from axis on the video disc, otherwise light phase volume is little, and neutral hole position of opening is then near axis; As containing a small amount of light phase in the emulsion, the purification heavy phase is removed light phase, and neutral hole position of opening is near the video disc center; As containing a small amount of heavy phase in the emulsion, to purify and gently remove heavy phase mutually, neutral hole position of opening is then near disc edge; End case (58) is a cylindrical part, and the bottom links with following fuselage (9) by strengthening steel ring, and upper encloser (60) upper end is provided with cranse and is used to connect input and output material system (63); Input and output material system (63) is provided with raw material input port, light liquid outlet, heavy liquid exit, all be connected with the outside pipe joint that adopts, light liquid, heavy-fluid efferent duct are provided with pressure regulation device, this kind seperator be used for solid content in volume less than liquid-liquid of 1% emulsion feed separate, liquid-liquid-solid separation.
9. according to the described flat belt driven dish type splitter of claim 1, it is characterized in that described seperator is a Belt Drive nozzle Slagoff type disk centrifuge, the centripetal discharge pump (78) of output liquid phase is housed on the rotary drum (76), rotary drum (76) structure is the biconial rotary drum, there is ring-type to deposit the slag space in diconical joint portion, its periphery evenly is equipped with the deslagging nozzle, and it is continuous from nozzle that ring-type is deposited the slurry that is concentrated in the slag space; End cover (74) bottom is provided with heavy liquid exit, and last cover (75) is a sheet metal component, and its interior lower end is provided with complete cycle heavy-fluid collecting ring, and there is stiffening ring the upper end; Input and output material system (77) is provided with slurry feedstock input port and light liquid outlet, all be connected with the outside pipe joint that adopts, nozzle Slagoff type disk centrifuge is applicable to handles 0.1~100 micron of solid particle size, and solid volume concentration is lower than the concentrating and separating of 25% suspension.
CN2008100290738A 2008-06-23 2008-06-23 Flat belt driven dish type splitter CN101342516B (en)

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DE102013111586A1 (en) * 2013-10-21 2015-04-23 Gea Mechanical Equipment Gmbh Process for the continuous clarification of a flowable suspension with fluctuating solids content with a centrifuge, in particular a self-emptying separator
CN103550988B (en) * 2013-10-28 2015-02-11 上海宁远精密机械有限公司 Bowl-type automatic centrifugal oil spinner
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CN105192070A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-12-30 南京中船绿洲机器有限公司 Fat content pre-regulation device for disk-type defatting separator and regulation method thereof
CN105135188B (en) * 2015-08-18 2018-01-19 南京中船绿洲机器有限公司 A kind of disk centrifuge bearing lubrication system
CN105149117A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-12-16 南京中船绿洲机器有限公司 Liquid seal feeding device for disc type separator
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CN2390698Y (en) * 1999-08-25 2000-08-09 邵国柱 Frequency conversion disk type separating machine

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