CN101329180B - Double-module shipborne terminal based on big dipper satellite navigation system positioning communication and method therefor - Google Patents

Double-module shipborne terminal based on big dipper satellite navigation system positioning communication and method therefor Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101329180B
CN101329180B CN2008101176180A CN200810117618A CN101329180B CN 101329180 B CN101329180 B CN 101329180B CN 2008101176180 A CN2008101176180 A CN 2008101176180A CN 200810117618 A CN200810117618 A CN 200810117618A CN 101329180 B CN101329180 B CN 101329180B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
information
positioning
bimodulus
big
communicating
Prior art date
Application number
CN2008101176180A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101329180A (en
Inventor
不公告发明人
Original Assignee
北京北斗星通导航技术股份有限公司
海南北斗星通信息服务有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 北京北斗星通导航技术股份有限公司, 海南北斗星通信息服务有限公司 filed Critical 北京北斗星通导航技术股份有限公司
Priority to CN2008101176180A priority Critical patent/CN101329180B/en
Publication of CN101329180A publication Critical patent/CN101329180A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101329180B publication Critical patent/CN101329180B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a dual-mode shipborne terminal based on the location communication of a Beidou satellite navigation system, and a method. The dual-mode shipborne terminal comprises a dual-mode location communicating unit and a display control unit, realizes real-time GPS location or requests for Beidou location by the dual-mode location communicating unit, and carries out the processing of analyzing, filtering, verifying and packaging, etc. to the location data; the dual-mode shipborne terminal can also realize communication with the Beidou satellite and transmit the information of the current position, course heading, speed, and emergency alarm and SOS to the Beidou satellite which forwards and reports the information to a ground control center; the dual-mode shipborne terminal can receive control instructions, short messages and alarm information from the ground control center that are forwarded by the Beidou satellite, implement interactive communication with the ground control center, and realize the functions of monitoring, managing, alarming and rescuing, etc. to fishery vessels.

Description

Bimodulus Shipborne terminal and method based on big dipper satellite navigation system positioning communication
Technical field
The present invention relates to satnav, navigation, communication technical field, relate in particular to a kind of bimodulus Shipborne terminal and method that is used for positioning and communicating based on Beidou satellite navigation system.
Background technology
For mobile vehicles such as vehicle, boats and ships, aircrafts, because of the needs of its motion, to realize on the one hand the location, learn current location and the information such as movement locus of oneself; For the administrative authority of mobile vehicle, also need usually these mobile vehicles are monitored on the other hand, perhaps provide other service for it.Thereby, away from for the mobile vehicle on land, remove the current location (longitude and latitude) that should accurately know oneself for deepwater boats and ships etc., outside the information such as the course and the speed of a ship or plane, also these information should be reported administrative center.
The applicable satellite navigation system of China comprises gps satellite navigational system and Beidou satellite navigation system at present.Gps system has that real-time is good, the degree of accuracy advantages of higher, can only receive gps signal but shortcoming is the GPS receiver, lacks the interactivity of information.The big-dipper satellite system of China's independent research can realize the location and function such as communicate by letter, and user terminal can send location or communication request by certain frequency, thereby obtains locating information, and communicates with other-end, but real-time is subjected to the frequency restriction.
Therefore, for deepwater boats and ships, how the location of realizing boats and ships based on existing satellite navigation system with communicate by letter, can obtain high-precision locating information in real time, can carry out interactive communication again and realize management function, become a problem that solves China's marine ship actual demand.
Summary of the invention
Technical matters to be solved by this invention is, providing a kind of is used to locate and the bimodulus Shipborne terminal and the method for communicating by letter based on Beidou satellite navigation system, real-time hi-Fix information is obtained in realization, and carry out interactive communication, and then realize functions such as the management of boats and ships on the ocean and warnings with the ground control centre.
The invention provides and a kind ofly be used for the bimodulus Shipborne terminal of positioning and communicating, comprise indicative control unit and bimodulus positioning and communicating unit based on Beidou satellite navigation system, wherein:
Described bimodulus positioning and communicating unit is used to carry out the real-time positioning of GPS or the request location of the Big Dipper, and to the locator data that the is received processing of analyzing, filter, verify, pack; Also be used for communicating with big-dipper satellite, packing to Big Dipper satellite transmission Location Request, with the locator data that obtains is sent to big-dipper satellite, is transmitted to the ground control centre again; Also be used to receive steering order, the text communication information that transmit through big-dipper satellite the ground control centre;
Described indicative control unit, be used to provide inputting interface to supply user's input control information, send user instruction information and obtain needed navigation information to bimodulus positioning and communicating unit, be used to the user that display interface is provided so that show the command information of control center, location, the character message of ground control centre, warning information are shown, for the user shows one of navigation map, navigation information, Weather information and morning and evening tides information or their combination; Also being used for warning, communication, switching on and shutting down report information with the user sends to bimodulus positioning and communicating unit and relays to the ground control centre through big-dipper satellite.
Further, described bimodulus positioning and communicating unit comprises Big Dipper module, GPS module, integrated data control module, wherein:
Described Big Dipper module is used for carrying out information interaction with big-dipper satellite, to Big Dipper satellite transmission request or report signaling, locator data information, receives steering order, the note of locating information and ground control centre;
Described GPS module is used to receive gps satellite signal, carries out the GPS real-time positioning, and locating information is sent to the integrated data control module;
Described integrated data control module, be used for the locating information processing of analyzing, filter, pack, the locating information of reception or the locating information after the analyzing and processing are sent to indicative control unit, and/or after described locating information handled, send to ground control centre or other Shipborne terminal by big-dipper satellite through Big Dipper module.
Further, described bimodulus positioning and communicating unit further comprises internal battery and power regulator module, wherein, described internal battery links to each other with the boat-carrying power supply with Voltage stabilizing module simultaneously, as chargeable standby power supply, when the boat-carrying power fail maybe can't satisfy power requirement, provide standby power supply to use; And when accident or power-off illegally, provide outage report information to the ground control centre.
Further, described indicative control unit comprises navigation module, load module, display module and serial data interface, wherein:
Described navigation module is used for navigation calculating, and storage navigation map, fishing ground information, weather information, tidal data send to display module with the navigation information of being stored and show;
Described load module is used for for user's input characters or code information, and the content of input is passed to described bimodulus positioning and communicating unit by serial data interface;
Described display module, be used to the user to show the instruction and the warning information of navigation map, current locating information, ground control centre or other Shipborne terminal, and the respective interface of utilizing load module to provide for the user, show navigator and the state of communicating by letter, and the note of consulting prefabricated note to be sent and having read to receive;
Described serial data interface is used for mutual with described integrated data control module, sends instruction and note, and the instruction that receives locator data, note, ground control centre.
Further, described indicative control unit further comprises the button that at least one key is reported to the police, the button that a described key is reported to the police is after the startup that is triggered, the short message of the short message that prestores or user's input is sent to described bimodulus positioning and communicating unit, be transmitted to ground control centre or other Shipborne terminals by big-dipper satellite again.
Further, described locating information comprise positioning time, longitude, latitude, highly, one of course and speed of a ship or plane information or their combination.
Further, the transmitted frames of information format structure when information interaction is carried out in described bimodulus positioning and communicating unit and ground control centre, comprise information header, the information content and verification and, wherein:
Whether information header comprises control word and equipment group address again, and control word is a byte, and wherein G is used for determining whether the equipment address fields exists, and as if existing, then also comprises sign control field I in the group, be used for identifying in the expression group effective;
The information content comprises type and user data, and these two parts are called the command body again, and type is represented the type of service of a certain command body field, and with its type of service of marking code; The user data data that to be the bimodulus Shipborne terminal need communicate by letter with the ground control centre.
Further, communicating by letter between described bimodulus positioning and communicating unit and the indicative control unit adopt serial ports non-synchronous transmissions, its corresponding interface data transmission frame format comprise instruction, length, station address, the information content and verification and, wherein:
Instruction represents that with ASCII character each ASCII character is a byte, comprises an initial symbol at least;
Length represent from instruct initial symbol begin to verification and till the data total bytes;
Station address is Shipborne terminal ID number that links to each other with peripheral hardware;
Verification and for from instructing initial symbol to play verification and last byte, by the result of byte XOR.
According to the described bimodulus Shipborne terminal of claim 8, it is characterized in that the user instruction between described bimodulus positioning and communicating unit and the indicative control unit comprises state-detection, GPS setting, zone setting, time service application, version information, GPS instruction, reads parameter.
The present invention also provides a kind of positioning and communicating method based on above-mentioned bimodulus Shipborne terminal, comprises the steps:
The request of A, the real-time positioning of carrying out GPS or Big Dipper location, and to the processing of analyzing, filter, verify, pack of its locator data;
B, communicate with big-dipper satellite, be sent to big-dipper satellite after to Big Dipper satellite transmission Location Request, with the locator data packing that obtains, be transmitted to the ground control centre by big-dipper satellite, and receive steering order, data message that the ground control centre is come through the big-dipper satellite forwarding;
C, the text communication with described locating information, ground control centre, steering order, warning information are shown to the user.
Further, further comprise the steps:
Obtain navigation information, described locating information navigation information is shown to the user.
Further, described locating information comprise current time, longitude, latitude, highly, one of course and speed of a ship or plane information or their combination.
Further, among the described step B, the transmitted frames of information format structure when carrying out information interaction by big-dipper satellite and ground control centre, comprise information header, the information content and verification and, wherein:
Whether information header comprises control field and equipment group address again, and control word is a byte, and wherein G is used for determining whether the equipment address fields exists, and as if existing, then also comprises sign control field I in the group, be used for identifying in the expression group effective;
The information content comprises type and user data, and these two parts are called the command body again, and type is represented the type of service of a certain command body field, and with its type of service of marking code; The user data data that to be the bimodulus Shipborne terminal need communicate by letter with the ground control centre.
Further, among the described step C with the text communication of described locating information, ground control centre, steering order, when warning information is shown to the user, when communicating with display device, adopt the serial ports non-synchronous transmissions, the interface data transmission frame format comprise instruction, length, station address, the information content and verification and, wherein:
Instruction represents that with ASCII character each ASCII character is a byte, comprises an initial symbol at least;
Length represent from instruct initial symbol begin to verification and till the data total bytes;
Station address is Shipborne terminal ID number that links to each other with peripheral hardware;
Verification and for from instructing initial symbol to play verification and last byte, by the result of byte XOR.
Further, described method further comprises:
Obtain time service information in real time by gps satellite, and the time of each equipment is carried out synchronously with this time.
Further, described method further comprises:
When receiving the roll-call positioning instruction that big-dipper satellite transmits, by the instruction required time at interval and the location number of times read the GPS positioning result, and with this positioning result by big-dipper satellite earthward control center report current location information.
A kind of bimodulus Shipborne terminal and method disclosed by the invention based on big dipper satellite navigation system positioning communication, the request location that can realize the real-time positioning of GPS or the Big Dipper, to its locator data analyze, filter, verify, processing such as packing; Simultaneously can also realize communicating with big-dipper satellite, with oneself current location, the course and the speed of a ship or plane, and information such as emergency alarm and emergency are sent to big-dipper satellite, report the ground control centre by the big-dipper satellite forwarding; The bimodulus Shipborne terminal also can receive the ground control centre and transmit the information such as steering order, note and alarm of coming through big-dipper satellite, carries out interactive communication with the ground control centre, realizes functions such as the monitoring management of fishery vessel and the rescues of reporting to the police.
Further, described bimodulus Shipborne terminal and localization method also provide four kinds of working methods that position, three kinds of communication paths when communicating; And based on the communication function of bimodulus Shipborne terminal of the present invention, can realization with ground control centre, other satellite communication terminals (International Maritime Satellite-C System) and bimodulus Shipborne terminal between ship to shore and the communicating by letter and information mutual communication of ship-to-ship, and can realization with CDMA and GSM mobile handset between communicate by letter.Thereby the invention provides flexibly communication interaction mode easily.
Further, the internal battery in the bimodulus Shipborne terminal of the present invention links to each other with the boat-carrying power supply, as chargeable standby power supply, when the boat-carrying power fail maybe can't satisfy power requirement, provides standby power supply to use; And when accident or power-off illegally, provide outage report information to the ground control centre.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is based on the schematic diagram of the bimodulus Shipborne terminal of big dipper satellite navigation system positioning communication;
Fig. 2 is the concrete structure block diagram of bimodulus Shipborne terminal in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is transmitted frames of information format structure figure in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is an interface data transmission frame format structural drawing in the embodiment of the invention.
The technical scheme of embodiment
For making the purpose, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more clear, the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
In order to solve location and communication issue, and realize functions such as navigation, emergency alarm, monitoring management based on positioning and communicating the invention provides a kind of bimodulus Shipborne terminal based on big dipper satellite navigation system positioning communication to all kinds of boats and ships on the ocean.As shown in Figure 1, this Shipborne terminal comprises bimodulus positioning and communicating unit and indicative control unit.
Indicative control unit, be used to the boats and ships user to provide inputting interface to carry out input control information, navigation interface and communication information display interface are provided, so that for the user shows acquiring satellite and locating information, electronic chart, navigation information, and the text communication information of morning and evening tides information and control center etc.
Bimodulus positioning and communicating unit is used to realize the real-time positioning of GPS and/or the request location of the Big Dipper, and to its locator data analyze, filter, verify, processing such as packing, described locator data comprises GPS locator data and/or Big Dipper locator data; Can also communicate with big-dipper satellite simultaneously, the position data packing that obtains is sent to big-dipper satellite, be transmitted to the ground control centre by big-dipper satellite; Can also receive the ground control centre transmits and information such as the steering order of coming, text communication through big-dipper satellite.
Information such as bimodulus positioning and communicating unit will be located, the character message of ground control centre, alarm send to indicative control unit and are used to show; Indicative control unit sends user instruction information and obtains needed navigation information to bimodulus positioning and communicating unit, bimodulus positioning and communicating unit also sends to big-dipper satellite with information such as user's warning, communication, switching on and shutting down reports, is relayed by big-dipper satellite and reports the ground control centre.
Bimodulus Shipborne terminal shown in Figure 1 is made up of bimodulus positioning and communicating unit and indicative control unit, and its inner concrete structure block diagram as shown in Figure 2.In Fig. 2, bimodulus positioning and communicating unit comprises antenna and low noise amplifier and power amplifier, Big Dipper module, GPS module, integrated data control module, can also comprise supplementary modules such as internal battery and power supply voltage stabilizing in addition.Wherein:
Described GPS module is used to receive gps satellite signal and carries out the GPS location in real time, and locating information sent to the integrated data control module, locating information output frequency is 1 time/second, wherein, described locating information comprise current time, longitude, latitude, highly, data such as course and the speed of a ship or plane;
Big Dipper module is used to realize Big Dipper request location and carries out information interaction with big-dipper satellite, realization is to Big Dipper satellite transmission request location or report signaling, locator data information, receives the steering order, character message of locating information and ground control centre etc. from big-dipper satellite;
The integrated data control module, be used for the locating information processing of analyzing, filter, pack, locating information is directly sent to indicative control unit, or the locating information after the analyzing and processing sent to indicative control unit, and this locating information is handled after Big Dipper module sends to ground control centre or other Shipborne terminal through the emission scheduling;
Internal battery and Voltage stabilizing module and the Big Dipper and GPS, and module such as integrated data control links to each other, for they provide working power.Internal battery links to each other with the boat-carrying power supply simultaneously, as chargeable standby power supply, when the boat-carrying power fail maybe can't satisfy power requirement, provides standby power supply to use; And when accident or power-off illegally, provide outage report information to the ground control centre.
Indicative control unit comprises modules such as navigation, input, demonstration and serial data interface, wherein:
Navigation module is mainly used in navigation calculating, and data such as storage navigation map, fishing ground information, weather information, morning and evening tides send to display module with the navigation information of being stored to show; Its data storage can be used nonvolatile memory or hard disk;
Load module is used for for information such as user's input characters or codes, and the content of input is passed to bimodulus positioning and communicating unit by serial data interface; Input pattern is keyboard, touch-screen etc.;
Display module for the user show navigation map, current locating information (comprise longitude and latitude, highly, course, the speed of a ship or plane etc.), information such as the instruction of ground control centre or other Shipborne terminal and alarm, and the corresponding inputting interface that utilizes load module to provide for the user, show navigator and the state of communicating by letter, and the functions such as note of consulting prefabricated note to be sent and having read to receive;
Serial data interface is used to realize mutual with the integrated data control module send instruction and note, and the instruction etc. that receives locator data, note, ground control centre.
In order to realize emergency alarm, the button that further also configurable one one key of described indicative control unit is reported to the police; This key warning button also can provide separately, and then uses with bimodulus positioning and communicating unit matching.
Above-mentioned bimodulus Shipborne terminal positions, and has following several working method:
(11) GPS location, the bimodulus Shipborne terminal is according to the instruction of indicative control unit or ground control centre and during needs GPS location, carrying out the GPS location receives, by its location interval calculation current location, and sample and preserve position data according to system parameter values, the data after the sampling send to indicative control unit by the integrated data control module;
(12) Big Dipper location, the bimodulus Shipborne terminal is received when the Big Dipper Location Request of indicative control unit or the roll-call that the ground control centre is come are located, the time interval according to the systematic parameter setting is sent Big Dipper Location Request, receive and preserve the locating information of the Big Dipper, and give indicative control unit this locating information;
(13) location of calling the roll after the bimodulus Shipborne terminal is received the roll-call positioning instruction, press the time interval of command request and is located number of times, positions and read locating information, and the information that is located sends to big-dipper satellite, reports the ground control centre by big-dipper satellite; Described locating information can be GPS locating information or Big Dipper locating information;
(14) position message, the bimodulus Shipborne terminal according to system's setting (conditions such as time, course, the speed of a ship or plane, distance) regularly earthward control center report self-position, by setting the time of timer, the GPS locator data of having gathered is packed, be transmitted to control center through big-dipper satellite and report the position data of self, simultaneously, also the position data of packing can be sent to indicative control unit checks for the user.
When above-mentioned bimodulus Shipborne terminal communicates, have following several communication path:
(21) Big Dipper short message is sent to Shipborne terminal, send mode comprises individual calling, group calling, logical broadcast etc.,
During transmission, the short message that is generated by ground control centre or other Shipborne terminal is sent to big-dipper satellite, individual calling, group calling, logical broadcast mode with correspondence are broadcast to corresponding Shipborne terminal, after Shipborne terminal receives short message, demonstrate this short message at its indicative control unit;
(22) request or the reporting information with Shipborne terminal sends to the ground control centre,
When Shipborne terminal need send request or reporting information to the ground control centre, the user is behind indicative control unit input request or reporting information, this information is sent to big-dipper satellite by bimodulus positioning and communicating unit, be transmitted to the ground control centre through big-dipper satellite;
(23) receive time service information, because the user need keep the correct time, Shipborne terminal receiving satellite signal, and the time of extracting standard from satellite-signal send to the real-time time service that indicative control unit can realize that promptly Shipborne terminal connects.
The bimodulus Shipborne terminal communicates by big-dipper satellite and ground control centre, and when in the bimodulus Shipborne terminal communicate by letter with indicative control unit in bimodulus positioning and communicating unit, adopts different communication protocol frames.
The information transmission frame format that the bimodulus Shipborne terminal communicates by big-dipper satellite and ground control centre as shown in Figure 3, transmitted frames of information comprise information header, the information content and verification and.Information header comprises control word and equipment group address again; Control word is a byte, and wherein G is used for determining whether the equipment address fields exists (be changed to 1 if exist, otherwise be changed to 0); And I is sign control field in the group, field I effective when G=1 (I=1 works for identifying in the group, and sign is inoperative in the I=0 indication group).The information content is called the command body again, comprises type and user data two parts; Type is 1 byte, is used to represent the type of service of a certain command body field, with its type of service of marking code; The data content that user data need be communicated by letter for both sides.
The interface data transmission frame format that in the bimodulus Shipborne terminal communicate by letter with indicative control unit in bimodulus positioning and communicating unit as shown in Figure 4, the interface data transmission frame comprise instruction, length, station address, the information content and verification and." instruction " is ASCII character, and each ASCII character is a byte, and initial symbol is " $ "." length " expression begins data total bytes till " verification and " (contain verification with) from " instruction " initial symbol $." station address " is Shipborne terminal ID number that links to each other with peripheral hardware, and length is 3 bytes, and wherein significance bit is low 21bit, and high 3bit fills out 0." information content " is the scale-of-two true form, and each parameter item is pressed the length of call format and filled, when length is discontented with, and high-order benefit 0.Information is by whole byte transmission, and multibyte information passes upper byte earlier, and the back passes low byte; For symbolic parameter is arranged, the 1st bit sign position unification be defined as 0 expression+, 1 expression-, figure place is a parameter value thereafter, uses former representation." verification and " is meant the initial symbol from " instruction ", to " verification and " last byte, the result who presses the byte XOR.
User instruction between bimodulus positioning and communicating unit and the indicative control unit comprises state-detection, GPS setting, zone setting, time service application, version information, GPS instruction, reads parameter, power detection, location application, apply by letter, serial ports output etc.
In the above-mentioned transmitted frames of information, when being used to transmit locating information, its information content need comprise information such as time, longitude and latitude, height.
Indicative control unit is when realizing navigation feature for the user, at first need store the navigation map datum at navigation module, when dispatching from the factory, stores equipment its navigation map in advance, and can utilize bimodulus positioning and communicating unit through big-dipper satellite, regularly or according to the user ask to upgrade its data by the ground control centre.Demonstrate the navigation map when the user need navigate, simultaneously that the user is current locating information is also shown on the navigation map, its locating information comprise time, longitude and latitude, highly, information such as course, the speed of a ship or plane.
Indicative control unit has warning help function and the corresponding button, when boats and ships generation emergency condition plea for aid, press " promptly " button and continue for some time (as 3 seconds), indicative control unit sends emergency alarm information automatically, sends to the ground control centre by bimodulus positioning and communicating unit through big-dipper satellite.After sending emergency alarm, indicative control unit ejects character choice menus in danger and concerned countries and regional choice menus, after the affirmation earthward control center send the side information of emergency alarm; Current subsequently accommodation and warning side information (if any) continue earthward with the frequency of Big Dipper subscriber card that control center sends emergency alarm information, until the ground control centre confirm or ship on during artificial the releasing till.
Based on the communication function of bimodulus Shipborne terminal of the present invention, the bimodulus Shipborne terminal also has following text communication function, makes the bimodulus Shipborne terminal can realize the information mutual communication of ship to shore, ship-to-ship.
sends input information and built-in in advance note
Operation interface by indicative control unit can be imported Chinese and English information, also can select a note commonly used in built-in in advance 50, sends to ground control centre or other communication terminal devices.
Communicate by letter between terminal and the terminal
The bimodulus Shipborne terminal can send to Word message other Shipborne terminals of specifying identifier, and reception and demonstration are from the text of other Shipborne terminals, and telegraph text content also can be an English based on Chinese.
Communicate by letter between terminal and the ground control centre
The bimodulus Shipborne terminal can receive the Word message of ground control centre; Also Word message can be sent to the ground control centre.Marine operations specific fishing boat can be specified in the ground control centre, sends Chinese character information to it, or with group send out, logical broadcast mode is to many ships of or several fleets, even all the offshore operation fishing boat sends textual information.
Communicate by letter between terminal and other satellite communication terminals
The bimodulus Shipborne terminal can send to the communication text and specify fisheries administration ship (International Maritime Satellite-C System) by the ground control centre transfer, and fisheries administration ship also can send textual information to fishing boat by control center.
Communicate by letter between terminal and the mobile phone
The bimodulus Shipborne terminal can be with CDMA, the GSM cell-phone intercommunication note of daily application, and information such as warning and terminal power down also can be transmitted to the mobile phone of appointment by the ground control centre; The former is applicable to that Shipborne terminal can receive mobile phone signal near the bank, the latter be applicable to the ground control centre provide transmit professional.
Described herein only is preferred exemplifying embodiment of the present invention, is not limited to the present invention, and for the person skilled in art, the present invention can have various changes and variation.Therefore, allly relate to any modification of within innovation of the present invention and principle, being done, be equal to replacement, improve and upgrade or the like, all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (16)

1. one kind is used for the bimodulus Shipborne terminal of positioning and communicating based on Beidou satellite navigation system, it is characterized in that, comprises indicative control unit and bimodulus positioning and communicating unit, wherein:
Described bimodulus positioning and communicating unit is used to carry out the real-time positioning of GPS or the request location of the Big Dipper, and to the locating information that the is received processing of analyzing, filter, verify, pack; Also be used for communicating,, the locating information packing that obtains be sent to big-dipper satellite, be transmitted to the ground control centre again to Big Dipper satellite transmission Location Request with big-dipper satellite; Also be used to receive steering order, the text communication information that transmit through big-dipper satellite the ground control centre;
Described indicative control unit, be used to provide inputting interface for user's input control information, send user instruction information and obtain needed navigation information to bimodulus positioning and communicating unit, be used to the user that display interface is provided so that show the command information of ground control centre, character message, the warning information of locating information, ground control centre are shown, for the user shows one of navigation map, navigation information, Weather information and morning and evening tides information or their combination; Also being used for warning, communication, switching on and shutting down report information with the user sends to bimodulus positioning and communicating unit and relays to the ground control centre through big-dipper satellite.
2. according to the described bimodulus Shipborne terminal of claim 1, it is characterized in that described bimodulus positioning and communicating unit comprises Big Dipper module, GPS module, integrated data control module, wherein:
Described Big Dipper module is used for carrying out information interaction with big-dipper satellite, to Big Dipper satellite transmission Location Request, report signaling or reporting orientation information, receives steering order, the note of locating information and ground control centre;
Described GPS module is used to receive gps satellite signal, carries out the GPS real-time positioning, and locating information is sent to the integrated data control module;
Described integrated data control module, be used for the locating information processing of analyzing, filter, pack, the locating information of reception or the locating information after the analyzing and processing are sent to indicative control unit, and/or after described locating information handled, send to ground control centre or other Shipborne terminal by big-dipper satellite through Big Dipper module.
3. according to the described bimodulus Shipborne terminal of claim 1, it is characterized in that, described bimodulus positioning and communicating unit further comprises internal battery and power regulator module, wherein, described internal battery links to each other with the boat-carrying power supply with power regulator module simultaneously, as chargeable standby power supply, when the boat-carrying power fail maybe can't satisfy power requirement, provide standby power supply to use; And when accident or power-off illegally, provide outage report information to the ground control centre.
4. according to the described bimodulus Shipborne terminal of claim 2, it is characterized in that described indicative control unit comprises navigation module, load module, display module and serial data interface, wherein:
Described navigation module is used for navigation calculating, and storage navigation map, fishing ground information, weather information, tidal data send to display module with the navigation information of being stored and show;
Described load module is used for for user's input characters or code information, and the content of input is passed to described bimodulus positioning and communicating unit by serial data interface;
Described display module, be used to the user to show the instruction and the warning information of navigation map, current locating information, ground control centre or other Shipborne terminal, and the respective interface of utilizing load module to provide for the user, show navigator and the state of communicating by letter, and the note of consulting prefabricated note to be sent and having read to receive;
Described serial data interface is used for mutual with described integrated data control module, sends instruction and note, and the instruction that receives locating information, note, ground control centre.
5. according to claim 2 or 4 described bimodulus Shipborne terminals, it is characterized in that, described indicative control unit further comprises the button that at least one key is reported to the police, the button that a described key is reported to the police is after the startup that is triggered, the short message of the short message that prestores or user's input is sent to described bimodulus positioning and communicating unit, be transmitted to ground control centre or other Shipborne terminals by big-dipper satellite again.
6. according to each described bimodulus Shipborne terminal in the claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that, described locating information comprise positioning time, longitude, latitude, highly, one of course and speed of a ship or plane information or their combination.
7. according to claim 1 or 2 described bimodulus Shipborne terminals, it is characterized in that, the transmitted frames of information format structure when information interaction is carried out in described bimodulus positioning and communicating unit and ground control centre, comprise information header, the information content and verification and, wherein:
Whether information header comprises control word and equipment group address again, and control word is a byte, and one of them bit G is used for determining whether the equipment address fields exists, and as if existing, then also comprises sign control field I in the group, be used for identifying in the expression group effective;
The information content comprises type and user data, and these two parts are called the command body again, and type is represented the type of service of a certain command body field, and with its type of service of marking code; The user data data that to be the bimodulus Shipborne terminal need communicate by letter with the ground control centre.
8. according to claim 1 or 2 described bimodulus Shipborne terminals, it is characterized in that, communicating by letter between described bimodulus positioning and communicating unit and the indicative control unit adopted the serial ports non-synchronous transmissions, its corresponding interface data transmission frame format comprise instruction, length, station address, the information content and verification and, wherein:
Instruction represents that with ASCII character each ASCII character is a byte, comprises an initial symbol at least;
Length represent from instruct initial symbol begin to verification and till the data total bytes;
Station address is Shipborne terminal ID number that links to each other with peripheral hardware;
Verification and for from instructing initial symbol to play verification and last byte, by the result of byte XOR.
9. according to the described bimodulus Shipborne terminal of claim 8, it is characterized in that the user instruction between described bimodulus positioning and communicating unit and the indicative control unit comprises state-detection, GPS setting, zone setting, time service application, version information, GPS instruction, reads parameter.
10. the positioning and communicating method based on the described bimodulus Shipborne terminal of claim 1 is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
The request of A, the real-time positioning of carrying out GPS or Big Dipper location, and to the processing of analyzing, filter, verify, pack of its locating information;
B, communicate with big-dipper satellite, be sent to big-dipper satellite after to Big Dipper satellite transmission Location Request, with the locating information packing that obtains, be transmitted to the ground control centre by big-dipper satellite, and receive steering order, data message that the ground control centre is come through the big-dipper satellite forwarding;
C, the text communication with described locating information, ground control centre, steering order, warning information are shown to the user.
11. according to the described positioning and communicating method of claim 10, it is characterized in that, further comprise the steps:
Obtain navigation information, described locating information navigation information is shown to the user.
12. according to claim 10 or 11 described positioning and communicating methods, it is characterized in that, described locating information comprise current time, longitude, latitude, highly, one of course and speed of a ship or plane information or their combination.
13. according to claim 10 or 11 described positioning and communicating methods, it is characterized in that, among the described step B, the transmitted frames of information format structure when carrying out information interaction by big-dipper satellite and ground control centre, comprise information header, the information content and verification and, wherein:
Whether information header comprises control field and equipment group address again, and control word is a byte, and one of them bit G is used for determining whether the equipment address fields exists, and as if existing, then also comprises sign control field I in the group, be used for identifying in the expression group effective;
The information content comprises type and user data, and these two parts are called the command body again, and type is represented the type of service of a certain command body field, and with its type of service of marking code; The user data data that to be the bimodulus Shipborne terminal need communicate by letter with the ground control centre.
14. according to claim 10 or 11 described positioning and communicating methods, it is characterized in that, among the described step C with the text communication of described locating information, ground control centre, steering order, when warning information is shown to the user, when communicating with display device, adopt the serial ports non-synchronous transmissions, the interface data transmission frame format comprise instruction, length, station address, the information content and verification and, wherein:
Instruction represents that with ASCII character each ASCII character is a byte, comprises an initial symbol at least;
Length represent from instruct initial symbol begin to verification and till the data total bytes;
Station address is Shipborne terminal ID number that links to each other with peripheral hardware;
Verification and for from instructing initial symbol to play verification and last byte, by the result of byte XOR.
15., it is characterized in that described method further comprises according to claim 10 or 11 described positioning and communicating methods:
Obtain time service information in real time by gps satellite, and the time of each equipment is carried out synchronously with this time.
16., it is characterized in that described method further comprises according to claim 10 or 11 described positioning and communicating methods:
When receiving the roll-call positioning instruction that big-dipper satellite transmits, by the instruction required time at interval and the location number of times read the GPS positioning result, and with this positioning result by big-dipper satellite earthward control center report current location information.
CN2008101176180A 2008-08-01 2008-08-01 Double-module shipborne terminal based on big dipper satellite navigation system positioning communication and method therefor CN101329180B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008101176180A CN101329180B (en) 2008-08-01 2008-08-01 Double-module shipborne terminal based on big dipper satellite navigation system positioning communication and method therefor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008101176180A CN101329180B (en) 2008-08-01 2008-08-01 Double-module shipborne terminal based on big dipper satellite navigation system positioning communication and method therefor

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101329180A CN101329180A (en) 2008-12-24
CN101329180B true CN101329180B (en) 2011-05-04

Family

ID=40205104

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2008101176180A CN101329180B (en) 2008-08-01 2008-08-01 Double-module shipborne terminal based on big dipper satellite navigation system positioning communication and method therefor

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101329180B (en)

Families Citing this family (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101354838B (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-06-02 北京北斗星通导航技术股份有限公司 Shipborne terminal for fleet management and fleet management method
CN101771459B (en) * 2008-12-29 2013-10-02 华为技术有限公司 Method, device and system for satellite time service
CN101551429B (en) * 2009-03-23 2011-11-23 中国电子科技集团公司第五十四研究所 Method for testing command function of Beidou-1 command type subscriber machine
CN101872010B (en) * 2009-04-24 2012-05-23 郑州威科姆科技股份有限公司 Big Dipper/GPS (Global Position System) signal power divider and manufacture method thereof and dual-system radio frequency receiving module
FR2954519B1 (en) * 2009-12-21 2012-07-20 Astrium Sas Ship tracking system at sea.
CN102314732A (en) * 2010-07-07 2012-01-11 航天信息股份有限公司 Portable terminal equipment
CN102156289B (en) * 2011-03-09 2013-05-15 陕西诺维信息技术有限公司 Dual-mode positioning time-service type receiver for compass satellite and global positioning system (GPS) satellite
CN102819932A (en) * 2011-06-09 2012-12-12 北京合众思壮科技股份有限公司 Shipped terminal alarming method and shipped terminal alarming system
CN102854517A (en) * 2011-06-30 2013-01-02 希姆通信息技术(上海)有限公司 Navigation mobile terminal and navigation communication method
CN102353966B (en) * 2011-07-13 2015-11-25 惠州Tcl移动通信有限公司 Navigating instrument and navigational system
CN102395099A (en) * 2011-08-26 2012-03-28 西安润汇诚电子科技有限公司 Positioning device based on CNSS (Compass Navigation Satellite System) and ZIGBEE dual-mode positioning technology
CN102853816B (en) * 2012-03-22 2014-10-29 安徽四创电子股份有限公司 Device for automatic monitoring of inclination of power transmission tower based on GNSS
CN102841363A (en) * 2012-08-24 2012-12-26 北斗天汇(北京)科技有限公司 Vehicle navigation monitoring system
CN104112172A (en) * 2012-09-27 2014-10-22 深圳市智星通信息技术有限公司 Ship-mounted shipping information management system
CN103278823B (en) * 2013-04-24 2014-12-17 深圳北斗位途信息科技有限公司 Position sharing method and ground processing device based on Beidou satellite
CN104244173A (en) * 2013-06-05 2014-12-24 深圳星联宇科技有限公司 Handheld communication terminal based on Beidou system
CN103344975B (en) * 2013-07-02 2015-01-14 浙江水利水电学院 Ship-mounted positioning device based on Beidou positioning and iridium communication
CN104427464A (en) * 2013-08-22 2015-03-18 中国科学院深圳先进技术研究院 Cloud rescue and service system and method based on Beidou short messages
CN103529463B (en) * 2013-09-27 2015-07-08 中国科学院自动化研究所北仑科学艺术实验中心 Positioning method of positioning device for drowning person
CN103499975B (en) * 2013-10-18 2016-03-16 中测新图(北京)遥感技术有限责任公司 Based on the monitoring unmanned method and system of big-dipper satellite
CN103678902B (en) * 2013-12-05 2016-07-06 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所 A kind of method of extracting trawl fishing state from Beidou ship position data
CN103616033A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-03-05 上海四通仪表股份有限公司 Vehicle instrument with positioning and information real-time interaction functions
CN104280753A (en) * 2014-02-11 2015-01-14 南京波格微电子有限公司 Beidou emergency rescue terminal
CN104071316B (en) * 2014-04-30 2016-12-07 中国科学院自动化研究所北仑科学艺术实验中心 There is lifesaving Position indication lamp and the control method of location forwarding capability
CN104391309A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-03-04 无锡悟莘科技有限公司 Beidou positioning system adopting helical antenna design
CN104753583A (en) * 2015-03-21 2015-07-01 合肥伍人信步信息科技有限公司 Plotting data collection system and method used in public emergency safety
CN105072573A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-18 上海普适导航科技股份有限公司 Intelligent Beidou marine position service system
CN105321321B (en) * 2015-11-03 2019-05-17 惠州市鸿业电力信息科技有限公司 Guarantee that data transmit accurate method and system between big-dipper satellite antenna and equipment
CN106405599A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-02-15 中山市蓝水能源科技发展有限公司 LNG boat positioning apparatus
CN110149138B (en) * 2019-04-19 2020-09-18 中国人民解放军军事科学院国防科技创新研究院 Space-based maritime search and rescue information fusion processing device and processing method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1816023A (en) * 2005-02-02 2006-08-09 北京神州天鸿科技有限公司 Big-dipper satellite-signal civil processing system
JP2007033078A (en) * 2005-07-22 2007-02-08 Pioneer Electronic Corp Navigation system, navigation method, program for navigation, and information recording medium
CN1924957A (en) * 2006-09-28 2007-03-07 北京航空航天大学 GNSS/GIS/GPRS-based comprehensive traffic navigation educational apparatus
CN101017093A (en) * 2006-02-10 2007-08-15 周毅 Method for determining and displaying geographical location

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1816023A (en) * 2005-02-02 2006-08-09 北京神州天鸿科技有限公司 Big-dipper satellite-signal civil processing system
JP2007033078A (en) * 2005-07-22 2007-02-08 Pioneer Electronic Corp Navigation system, navigation method, program for navigation, and information recording medium
CN101017093A (en) * 2006-02-10 2007-08-15 周毅 Method for determining and displaying geographical location
CN1924957A (en) * 2006-09-28 2007-03-07 北京航空航天大学 GNSS/GIS/GPRS-based comprehensive traffic navigation educational apparatus

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101329180A (en) 2008-12-24

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7142870B2 (en) Apparatus and method for displaying direction and position information of portable terminal
KR100648610B1 (en) Mobile unit information sharing system
CN104205181B (en) Service of an emergency event based on proximity
CN102429653B (en) Beidou system-based emergency life monitoring and saving system
US7830305B2 (en) Locator beacon system having global communication capability
CN104954990B (en) A kind of tourist's Geographic mapping communications management system and positioning and communicating management method
AU2010340865B2 (en) System for tracking ships at sea
US5760742A (en) Integrated mobile GIS/GPS/AVL with wireless messaging capability
CN103963878B (en) Anti-theft monitoring device and electric bicycle anti-theft tracking system and method
US8098190B2 (en) Apparatus and method for testing emergency locator beacons
KR20070116912A (en) Location-based emergency announcements
CN104952007A (en) Tour guide terminal system and tour guide method
US7233795B1 (en) Location based communications system
US20070296573A1 (en) Flexible position tracking system and tracking and research methods utilizing such systems
US6175329B1 (en) Automatic emergency and position indicator
CN100489556C (en) Multifunctional intelligent vehicle-carrying navigation monitoring system
US20060170588A1 (en) Tracking method for cell phone with positioning device and system thereof
CA2260762C (en) System and method to communicate time stamped, 3-axis geo-position data within telecommunication networks
CN105809366A (en) Method and system for dispatching police strength
US6933884B2 (en) System for tracking and monitoring vessels
US20020193091A1 (en) Emergency response system
US20070282173A1 (en) Vital sign sending method and a sending apparatus thereof
CN102892093B (en) Mobile communication network expansion communication system and method of big dipper RDSS (radio data system) system
US8554173B2 (en) Position locating device and position determining system
WO2009089246A3 (en) Passive traffic alert and communication system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 100085, A, building 10, building 9, Wah Wah Street, 3rd Street, Beijing, Haidian District

Co-patentee after: BDStar Information Service Co., Ltd.

Patentee after: Beijing BDStar Navigation Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100085, A, building 10, building 9, Wah Wah Street, 3rd Street, Beijing, Haidian District

Co-patentee before: Hainan BDStar Navigation Information Service Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: Beijing BDStar Navigation Co., Ltd.

C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
CP02 Change in the address of a patent holder

Address after: 100094 Beijing city Haidian District Xian Feng Road No. 7 BDStar tower two

Patentee after: Beijing BDStar Navigation Co., Ltd.

Patentee after: BDStar Information Service Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100085, A, building 10, building 9, Wah Wah Street, 3rd Street, Beijing, Haidian District

Patentee before: Beijing BDStar Navigation Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: BDStar Information Service Co., Ltd.

COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 100094 HAIDIAN, BEIJING TO: 210000 NANJING, JIANGSU PROVINCE

ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: BDSTAR INFORMATION SERVICE CO., LTD.

Effective date: 20141219

Owner name: NANJING BEIDOU XINGTONG INFORMATION SERVICE CO., L

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: BEIJING BDSTAR NAVIGATION CO., LTD.

Effective date: 20141219

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20141219

Address after: 210000 Jiangsu Province, Nanjing city high tech Development Zone Huidalu Beidou No. 6 building 18 floor

Patentee after: Nanjing Beidou Information Service Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100094 Beijing city Haidian District Xian Feng Road No. 7 BDStar tower two

Patentee before: Beijing BDStar Navigation Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: BDStar Information Service Co., Ltd.

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110504

Termination date: 20170801