CN101327774A - Vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag - Google Patents

Vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101327774A
CN101327774A CNA2008101505192A CN200810150519A CN101327774A CN 101327774 A CN101327774 A CN 101327774A CN A2008101505192 A CNA2008101505192 A CN A2008101505192A CN 200810150519 A CN200810150519 A CN 200810150519A CN 101327774 A CN101327774 A CN 101327774A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air bag
protecting cover
driving engine
collision
engine protecting
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Pending
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CNA2008101505192A
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Chinese (zh)
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王运韬
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王运韬
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Priority to CNA2008101505192A priority Critical patent/CN101327774A/en
Publication of CN101327774A publication Critical patent/CN101327774A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The present invention relates to an anti-collision safety airbag of initiative protection of vehicle, and provides a safety protection device before the running vehicle collides. In the structure, the front part of a vehicle body 7 is provided with a detector 3, a front airbag 1, a rear airbag 2, an upper airbag 4 and an engine protecting cover airbag 5, which are orderly folded and arranged in an airbag storage chamber 20 of the vehicle body 7; the airbag storage chamber 20 is connected with a gas generator 18 through an air admission line 23; the vehicle body 7 is also provided with a brake pedal positioning switch 22 and an automatic brake 16. When the running vehicle has an accident of collision, the vehicle speed can maintain above 50km/h after being braked manually or automatically; when the detector 3 detects a bar within 3 meters, the front part and the rear part of the vehicle body 7 can instantly form inflatable rubber airbags; simultaneously, the engine protecting cover 15 is lifted, so as to damp, absorb the energy and protect pedestrians on the road, passengers and objects in the two vehicles, the two vehicles and the blindgating vehicles; thus the structure can reduce the loss to the greatest extent, which results from the casualty of people and the collision of vehicles and objects.

Description

Vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag
One, technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag, belong to active air bag, high-pressure gas cylinder, gas generator, detector in the vehicle active anti-collision safety air bag buffering energy-absorbing fender guard.
Two, background technology:
In background technology; the safety air bag of the car assembling of selling on the market; have only the automobile under steam could passive open when the place ahead bumps against object; it is installed on the automotive interior bearing circle and the side; to the road pedestrian that collided, cyclist, occupant, object, vehicle and the vehicle that knocks into the back in people both sides' car do not possess the buffering energy-absorbing protective effect by motorcycle, only the people in the car is played a protective role.In the modern life; along with automobile quantity constantly increases; living standards of the people and awareness of safety improve constantly; people more and more pay attention to the requirement of safety " people-oriented " when going on a journey and choosing automobile; in people's daily life; Zui Da dangerous article is exactly an automobile at one's side; " automobile has valency; life is priceless "; the number that China dies because of traffic accident every year reaches more than 100,000 people; and annual constantly increasing progressively, China's road traffic condition complexity, majority belongs to the mixing cross way; vehicle; the road pedestrian; the cyclist; people's situation is many by motorcycle; account in road traffic accident more than 50% is the road pedestrian; the cyclist; the people brings very big loss for people's life and property, so it is very urgent to develop a kind of vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag by motorcycle.
Three, technology contents:
The objective of the invention is to develop a kind of vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag; on the basis of the former patented technology of contriver " have initiatively anti-collision air bag protection function Federal bumper " (application number 2004100734181); improve and improve original technology; improve the performance of active safety air bag multifunctional intelligent; after adapting to various varying environment lower gasbags and can in time initiatively opening; desired air pressure intensity is constant; improve the safety of air bag work; validity; multifunctional intelligent; effect is to the road pedestrian when solving automobile and bumping under steam; the cyclist; people by motorcycle; the both sides passenger; the driver; object; the vehicle and the vehicle that knocks into the back play effective buffering energy-absorbing protective effect; reduce personal casualty with maximum possible; the damage of object and vehicle at utmost reduces the loss that brings because of collision.
Technical solution of the present invention is as follows: vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag; by gas generator 18; gaholder 25; induction tract 23; detector 3; preceding air bag 1; rear gasbag 2 and driving engine protecting cover air bag 5 are formed; it is characterized in that: gas generator 18 is received the circuit instruction; instantaneous ignition work; make the high-pressure inert gas 56 moments ejection in the gaholder 25; air bag 1 before filling into by gas generator 18 through induction tract 23; in rear gasbag 2 and the driving engine protecting cover air bag 5; in car body 7 front bumpers 12 outsides; rear bumper 9 outside and driving engine protecting cover 15 bottoms, synchronous expansion forms the inflating rubber air bag.
Technical solution of the present invention also comprises;
Described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag, it is characterized in that: described gas generator 18, be equipped with by housing 46 inside and inlay capsule-type igniter 54, left end keeps off cap 43 with interior six square bolts 45 with metal and connects in the corresponding gaholder bottle neck 52 in gaholder 25 two ends, holds out against interior six square bolts 45 with jackscrew 44 by top wire hole 53; Right-hand member keeps off metal with housing 46 lower end of cap 43 tie bolts, nut, spiral shell pad 14 and induction tract 23; Top ignition tube bolt 49 point of connection fire tubes 48 and ignition tube plug 26, ignition tube plug 26 is connected with car body 7 inner control circuits; The bottom connects as one with car body 7 with bolt, nut, spiral shell pad 14; An anterior end with outer six square bolts 47 connects metallic gasket 51, and the other end connects the lower end of metal retaining cap 43 and bolt, nut, spiral shell pad 14 and induction tract 23; There are air inlet and deflation hole 42 in the rear portion, by the metal retaining cap of making 43, its shape top is the semicircle bodily form, perhaps be donor shape, the middle part is cone-shaped, the bottom is the cylinder bodily form, and there is the cross line that is pressed into the inner top and metallic gasket 51 inboards of metal retaining cap 43, and wall thickness all adopts any number between 0.5 to 2.5 millimeter.
Described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag; it is characterized in that: air bag 1 before described; rear gasbag 2; upper gasbag 4 and the 5 folding orderly compactings of driving engine protecting cover air bag are assemblied in the air bag supply chamber 29 of car body 7; inlay clinching on air bag supply chamber 29 with 1 to 3 block of air bag buckle 11; after the gas diverter 10 that is connected the air bag inwall is connected and fixed by the gas diverter connecting bore 38 on the air bag supply chamber 29; be connected with gas generator 18 1 ends with induction tract rubber attaching parts 24 through induction tract 23; be fixed on the car body 7; gas generator 18 other ends connect gaholder 25; high-pressure inert gas 56 is housed in the gaholder 25; on gaholder 25 rear bodies 7 the Anti-bumping protection switch is housed; in car body 7 inside bearing circle Manual pressure switch 8 and battery isolator control are housed, decelostat 16 and brake pedal position-sensing switch 22 are equipped with in brake pedal 21 back.
Described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag; it is characterized in that: preceding air bag 1; rear gasbag 2; upper gasbag 4 and driving engine protecting cover air bag 5 are after gas generator 18 is received the circuit instruction; instantaneous ignition work; make the high-pressure inert gas 56 moments ejection in the gaholder 25; air bag 1 before filling into by gas generator 18 through induction tract 23; rear gasbag 2; in upper gasbag 4 and the driving engine protecting cover air bag 5; release air bag buckle 11; driving engine protecting cover 15 and energy disperser 6; in car body 7 front bumpers 12 outsides; the inflating rubber air bag is formed synchronously at rear bumper 9 outsides and driving engine protecting cover 15 bottoms; driving engine protecting cover 15 is risen; upper gasbag 4 and the 5 gas intercommunications of driving engine protecting cover air bag on the preceding air bag 1; after upper gasbag 4 forms the frame-type rubber pneumatic bag; have air bag drawstring 27 arranged side by side each other and upper gasbag perspective window 57 to connect as one, rear gasbag 2 is for preventing vehicle rear-end collision.
Described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag; it is characterized in that: air bag 1 before cab-over-engine vehicle; rear gasbag 2 and upper gasbag 4 are after gas generator 18 is received the circuit instruction; instantaneous ignition work; make the high-pressure inert gas 56 moments ejection in the gaholder 25; air bag 1 before filling into by gas generator 18 through induction tract 23; in rear gasbag 2 and the upper gasbag 4; release air bag buckle 11; form the inflating rubber air bag synchronously at tack car body 7 front and rears; upper gasbag 4 gas intercommunications before making on the air bag 1; after upper gasbag 4 forms the frame-type rubber pneumatic bag, there is air bag drawstring 27 arranged side by side each other and upper gasbag perspective window 57 to connect as one.
Described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag; it is characterized in that: preceding air bag 1; rear gasbag 2 and driving engine protecting cover air bag 5 are after gas generator 18 is received the circuit instruction; instantaneous ignition work; make the high-pressure inert gas 56 moments ejection in the gaholder 25; air bag 1 before filling into by gas generator 18 through induction tract 23; in rear gasbag 2 and the driving engine protecting cover air bag 5; release air bag buckle 11; driving engine protecting cover 15 and energy disperser 6; in car body 7 front bumpers 12 outsides; the inflating rubber air bag is formed synchronously at rear bumper 9 outsides and driving engine protecting cover 15 bottoms; make driving engine protecting cover 15 rise the gas intercommunication of preceding air bag 1 and driving engine protecting cover air bag 5.
Described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag; it is characterized in that: preceding air bag 1 and rear gasbag 2 are after gas generator 18 is received the circuit instruction; instantaneous ignition work; make the high-pressure inert gas 56 moments ejection in the gaholder 25; air bag 1 and rear gasbag 2 before filling into by gas generator 18 through induction tract 23; release air bag buckle 11, form the inflating rubber air bag synchronously, adopt gas generator 18 that driving engine protecting cover 15 and energy disperser 6 are risen at car body 7 front and rears.
Described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag; it is characterized in that: preceding air bag 1, rear gasbag 2, upper gasbag 4 and the driving engine protecting cover air bag 5 made by the high strength gummed cloth; its shape middle part is the cylinder bodily form; perhaps be the flat bodily form; the top, two ends is the semicircle bodily form; perhaps be the flat bodily form, wall thickness all adopts any number between 0.2 to 1.5 millimeter.
Described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag; it is characterized in that: automobile under steam; before obstacle or burst accident appear in car the place ahead; after chaufeur is taked brake; brake pedal 21 limit of stepping on; can be pressed on the brake pedal position-sensing switch 22; and when hiding not open obstacle; start the bearing circle Manual pressure switch 8 that is installed in the car body 7; moment forms the inflating rubber air bag at car body 7 front and rears; driving engine protecting cover 15 is risen, to the road pedestrian; the cyclist; people by motorcycle; the both sides passenger; the driver; object; the vehicle and the vehicle that knocks into the back play the buffering energy-absorbing protective effect, form manually control protection anti-collision safety air bag.
Described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag; it is characterized in that: automobile under steam; set the speed of a motor vehicle and reach 40km/h-60km/h automatic conducting of circuit when above; be installed in detector 3 conductings before the car body 7 simultaneously; when obstacle appears in car the place ahead; can remind chaufeur by language; warning is taken care; prompting maintains safe distance; protection automatically before burst accident or collision; after chaufeur is by artificial or decelostat 16 brakes; set the speed of a motor vehicle still 40km/h-60km/h more than; brake pedal 21 limit of stepping on; can be pressed on the brake pedal position-sensing switch 22; and automatic time delay 1-3 hides not open obstacle after second; brake pedal 21 does not leave brake pedal position-sensing switch 22; at this moment start the bearing circle Manual pressure switch 8 that is installed in the car body 7; moment forms the inflating rubber air bag at car body 7 front and rears; driving engine protecting cover 15 rises simultaneously; to the road pedestrian; the cyclist; people by motorcycle; occupant in both sides' car; the driver; object; the vehicle and the vehicle that knocks into the back play the buffering energy-absorbing protective effect, form semiautomatic control protection anti-collision safety air bag.
Described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag; it is characterized in that: automobile under steam; set the speed of a motor vehicle and reach 40km/h-60km/h automatic conducting of circuit when above; be installed in detector 3 conductings before the car body 7 simultaneously; when obstacle appears in car the place ahead; can remind chaufeur by language; warning is taken care; prompting maintains safe distance; protection automatically before burst accident or collision; after decelostat 16 brakes; set the speed of a motor vehicle still 40km/h-60km/h more than; and before the detector 3 detecting obstacles object distance cars during 2-5 rice; moment forms the inflating rubber air bag at car body 7 front and rears; driving engine protecting cover 15 is risen; to the road pedestrian; the cyclist; people by motorcycle; occupant in both sides' car; the driver; object; the vehicle and the vehicle that knocks into the back play the buffering energy-absorbing protective effect, form full automatic control protection anti-collision safety air bag.
The advantage and the effect of the technology of the present invention are as follows:
1. owing to adopt the instruction of control circuit; detonate after the energising; gas generator makes gas rush in instantaneous expansion in the air bag; form the principle of work of inflating rubber air bag; so vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag simple in structure, cheap, easy for installation, high safety, stable work in work, be easy to manual control or be easy to set collision before automation control, for full-automation control lays the first stone.
2. after adapting to various different temperatures environment lower gasbags and can in time initiatively opening, desired air pressure intensity is constant, has improved the safety of air bag work, ageing, validity.
3. vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag; be applicable to the vehicle such as automobile, boats and ships; under steam; when bumping both sides are played the buffering energy-absorbing protective effect; and the life-saving on the vehicle, of many uses, as making the floating pleasure-boat of life saving air bag, life saving air bag life jacket; damage with maximum possible minimizing personal casualty, object and the vehicle at utmost reduces the loss that brings because of collision.
Four, description of drawings:
Fig. 1: be the construction profile scheme drawing after the air bag work;
Fig. 2: be the construction profile scheme drawing of air bag after flat fronted car work;
Fig. 3: be the construction profile scheme drawing before the air bag work;
Fig. 4: be the construction profile scheme drawing after the work of Fig. 3 air bag;
Fig. 5: be the Facad structure scheme drawing before the work of Fig. 4 air bag;
Fig. 6: be the Facad structure scheme drawing after the work of Fig. 5 air bag;
Fig. 7: be the Facad structure scheme drawing of not installing air bag after the work of Fig. 5 air bag;
Fig. 8: be the construction profile scheme drawing after the work of Fig. 7 air bag;
Fig. 9: be that Fig. 8 air bag supply chamber is installed connecting bore Facad structure scheme drawing;
Figure 10: be that Fig. 9 gaholder is connected the Facad structure scheme drawing with gas generator with induction tract;
Figure 11: be that Figure 10 gaholder is connected the construction profile scheme drawing with gas generator with induction tract;
Figure 12: be Figure 10 gaholder and gas generator and induction tract assembling connection structure scheme drawing
Figure 13: be Figure 12 gaholder and gas generator and induction tract assembling back structural representation;
Figure 14: be structural representation after the work of Figure 13 gas generator;
Label declaration among the above-mentioned figure is as follows:
Air bag before the 1-, 2-rear gasbag, 3-detector, the 4-upper gasbag, 5-driving engine protecting cover air bag, 6-energy disperser, be also referred to as telescope support, lifter, 7-car body, 8-bearing circle Manual pressure switch, the 9-rear bumper, 10-gas diverter, 11-air bag buckle, car plate before the 12-front bumper, 13-, the 14-bolt, nut, the spiral shell pad, 15-driving engine protecting cover is also referred to as bonnet, the 16-decelostat, 17-energy disperser fixed support, the 18-gas generator is also referred to as binary pair, the high-pressure electronic valve, 19-driving engine protecting cover snap close support, 20-support, 21-brake pedal, 22-brake pedal position-sensing switch, the 23-induction tract, 24-induction tract rubber attaching parts, 25-gaholder, 26-ignition tube plug, 27-air bag drawstring, 28-bumper support, 29-air bag supply chamber, 30-driving engine protecting cover support, 31-induction tract fixed card, net ventilation inlet among the 32-, net flanging fixed strip among the 33-, 34-front bumper ventilation inlet, the 35-side light, 36-head light, net among the 37-, 38-gas diverter connecting bore, 39-air bag captive joint hole, 40-gaholder enhancement Layer, 41-gas diverter filter screen deflation hole, 42-air inlet and deflation hole, 43-metal retaining cap, six square bolts in the 44-jackscrew, 45-, the 46-housing, outer six square bolts of 47-, 48-ignition tube, 49-ignition tube bolt, the 50-packing seal, the 51-metallic gasket, 52-gaholder bottle neck, 53-top wire hole, 54-capsule-type igniter, 55-ignition tube deflation hole, 56-unreactable gas, 57-upper gasbag perspective window.
Five, the specific embodiment:
Referring to Fig. 1 to Fig. 6, with small passenger car and cab-over-engine vehicle is example, 1-3 detector 3 arranged before the car body 7, preceding air bag 1, rear gasbag 2, upper gasbag 4 and the 5 folding orderly compactings of driving engine protecting cover air bag are assemblied in the air bag supply chamber 29, air bag 1 before being fixed on, the gas diverter 10 of rear gasbag 2 and driving engine protecting cover air bag 5 inwalls is through the bolt on the induction tract 23, nut, spiral shell pad 14 connects as one, on induction tract 23, be connected with induction tract rubber attaching parts 24, play damping of vibrations, the lower end of induction tract 23 connects gas generator 18, the lower bolt of gas generator 18, nut, spiral shell pad 14 is fastenedly connected on car body 7 with support 20, air bag 1 and rear gasbag 2 before car body 7 front and backs have air bag buckle 11 to hide, have only when work is opened, air bag buckle 11 just is pushed out, and be connected on car body 7 front bumpers 12 and the rear bumper 9, at front bumper 12, there is preceding car plate 13 air bag buckle 11 lower ends, what assemble later is gaholder 25, the bearing circle Manual pressure switch 8 and the battery isolator control that manually boot airbag-releasing work are housed on the bearing circle in car body 7, there are brake pedal position-sensing switch 22 and decelostat 16 in brake pedal 21 back, only just conducting work when braking to the extreme of brake pedal position-sensing switch 22, decelostat 16 self-actuating brakes when detecting obstacle by car body 7 preceding detectors 3, after artificial or self-actuating brake, set the speed of a motor vehicle still more than 50km/h, and before the detector 3 detecting obstacles object distance cars during 2-5 rice, gas generator 18 instantaneous ignition work, make high-pressure inert gas 56 ejections in the gaholder 25, air bag 1 before filling into by gas generator 18 through induction tract 23, rear gasbag 2, upper gasbag 4 and driving engine protecting cover air bag 5, release air bag buckle 11 and energy disperser 6, in car body 7 front bumpers 12 outsides, the inflating rubber air bag is formed synchronously at rear bumper 9 outsides and driving engine protecting cover 15 bottoms, driving engine protecting cover 15 is risen, and preceding air bag 1, upper gasbag 4 and the 5 gas intercommunications of driving engine protecting cover air bag, preceding air bag 1 and upper gasbag 4 vary in size according to car body and size does not wait.Referring to Fig. 6; after upper gasbag 4 work launch; there is air bag drawstring 27 arranged side by side each other and upper gasbag perspective window 57 to connect as one; and do not influence driver's sight line, to road pedestrian, cyclist, people, both sides passenger, driver, vehicle and object play the buffering energy-absorbing protective effect by motorcycle.
Referring to Fig. 7, Fig. 8, after preceding air bag 1 and driving engine protecting cover air bag 5 are received the instruction works expansion, form the inflating rubber air bag synchronously, preceding air bag 1 and the 5 gas intercommunications of driving engine protecting cover air bag, after preceding air bag 1 work launches, at the car body 7 front bumpers 12 outside inflating rubber air bags that form, driving engine protecting cover air bag 5 rises with energy disperser 6, and air bag 1 uses synchronously before cooperating.
Referring to Fig. 9 to Figure 12, gaholder 25 skins be tightly wrapping up in have a resin glue spin the synthetic gaholder enhancement Layer 40 of synthetic fibre or carbon fiber, further play the safety guard-safeguard effect; The gaholder bottle neck 52 of gaholder 25 both sides (side also can) gas generator 18 left ends that are tightly connected, the air inlet at gas generator 18 right-hand members and middle part is connected the bolt of induction tract 23 with deflation hole 42, nut, spiral shell pad 14, be connected with induction tract rubber attaching parts 24 on the induction tract 23, play damping of vibrations, induction tract 23 other ends pass through bolt, nut, air bag 1 before spiral shell pad 14 connects, gas diverter 10 in rear gasbag 2 and the driving engine protecting cover air bag 5 is fixed on the air bag supply chamber 29 interior gas diverter connecting bores 38, the bolt in lower end, gas generator 18 middle part, nut, spiral shell pad 14 is fastenedly connected with car body 7 supports 20 and is one.
Referring to Figure 10 to Figure 14, gas generator 18 is made up of housing 46, gaholder bottle neck 52, induction tract 23, ignition tube 48 and metal retaining cap 43, housing 46 inside are equipped with and are inlayed capsule-type igniter 54, left end keeps off cap 43 with interior six square bolts 45 with metal and connects in the corresponding gaholder bottle neck 52 in gaholder 25 two ends with packing seal 50, hold out against interior six square bolts 45 with jackscrew 44 by top wire hole 53, and housing 46 left ends are connected with gaholder bottle neck 52; Right-hand member keeps off metal with housing 46 one end of cap 43 tie bolts, nut, spiral shell pad 14 and induction tract 23; Housing 46 tops ignition tube bolt 49 point of connection fire tubes 48 and packing seal 50 and ignition tube plugs 26; Housing 46 lower bolt, nut, spiral shell pad 14 connect as one with car body 7; After in the air inlet of housing 46 front portions and the deflation hole 42 metallic gasket 51 being connected outer six square bolts 47 with packing seal 50, again packing seal 50 and metal are kept off an end of cap 43 tie bolts, nut, spiral shell pad 14 and induction tract 23; There are air inlet and deflation hole 42 in housing 46 anterior cooresponding rear portions.Referring to Figure 14, when ignition tube plug 26 is received instruction, ignition tube 48 igniting, capsule-type igniter 54 detonates, metal retaining cap 43 and metallic gasket 51 are opened synchronously, make the high-pressure inert gas 56 in the left end gaholder 25 pass through gas generator 18 through induction tracts 23.The metal retaining cap of making 43, its shape top is the semicircle bodily form, perhaps is donor shape, the middle part is cone-shaped, the bottom is the cylinder bodily form, and there is the cross line that is pressed into the inner top and metallic gasket 51 inboards of metal retaining cap 43, and wall thickness all adopts any number between 0.5 to 2.5 millimeter.
Principle of work: automobile under steam; set the speed of a motor vehicle and reach 40km/h-60km/h automatic conducting of circuit when above; be installed in detector 3 conductings before the car body 7 simultaneously; when obstacle appears in car the place ahead; can remind chaufeur by language; warning is taken care; prompting maintains safe distance; before burst accident or collision; decelostat 16 self-actuating brakes when detector 3 detects obstacle; after self-actuating brake; set the speed of a motor vehicle still more than 40km/h-60km/h; and before the detector 3 detecting obstacles object distance cars during 2-5 rice; voltage is that 12 volts electric current is through the contact; light gas generator 18; 56 moments of high-pressure inert gas in the gaholder 25 are sprayed automatically; charge into preceding air bag 1 through induction tract 23 and gas diverter 10; rear gasbag 2; in upper gasbag 4 and the driving engine protecting cover air bag 5; release air bag buckle 11; driving engine protecting cover 15 and energy disperser 6; in car body 7 front bumpers 12 outsides; the inflating rubber air bag is formed synchronously at rear bumper 9 outsides and driving engine protecting cover 15 bottoms; driving engine protecting cover 15 is risen; to the road pedestrian; the cyclist; people by motorcycle; occupant in both sides' car; the driver; object; the vehicle and the vehicle that knocks into the back play the buffering energy-absorbing protective effect; at utmost to reduce personal casualty; the loss that vehicle and object bring because of collision forms full automatic control protection anti-collision safety air bag.
Under the prerequisite of S. A. and manually control, automobile under steam, set the speed of a motor vehicle and reach 40km/h-60km/h automatic conducting of circuit when above, be installed in detector 3 conductings before the car body 7 simultaneously, when obstacle appears in car the place ahead, can remind chaufeur by language, warning is taken care, prompting maintains safe distance, protection automatically before burst accident or collision, after artificial or decelostat 16 brakes, set the speed of a motor vehicle still more than 40km/h-60km/h, brake pedal 21 limit of stepping on can be pressed on the brake pedal position-sensing switch 22, and automatic time delay 1-3 avoids obstacle after second, and the bearing circle Manual pressure switches 8 that at this moment are installed in the car body 7 are not worked; Automatic time delay 1-3 hides not open obstacle after second; brake pedal 21 does not leave brake pedal position-sensing switch 22; at this moment the bearing circle Manual pressure switch 8 that is installed in the car body 7 is that 12 volts electric current is through the contact by voltage; light gas generator 18; 56 moments of high-pressure inert gas in the gaholder 25 are sprayed automatically; charge into preceding air bag 1 through induction tract 23 and gas diverter 10; rear gasbag 2; in upper gasbag 4 and the driving engine protecting cover air bag 5; release air bag buckle 11; driving engine protecting cover 15 and energy disperser 6; in car body 7 front bumpers 12 outsides; the inflating rubber air bag is formed synchronously at rear bumper 9 outsides and driving engine protecting cover 15 bottoms; driving engine protecting cover 15 is risen; to the road pedestrian; the cyclist; people by motorcycle; occupant in both sides' car; the driver; object; the vehicle and the vehicle that knocks into the back play the buffering energy-absorbing protective effect; at utmost to reduce personal casualty; the loss that vehicle and object bring because of collision forms S. A. and manually controls the protection anti-collision safety air bag.
Under the prerequisite of control manually; automobile under steam; before obstacle or burst accident appear in car the place ahead; after chaufeur is taked brake; brake pedal 21 limit of stepping on; can be pressed on the brake pedal position-sensing switch 22; at this moment starting the bearing circle Manual pressure switch 8 be installed in the car body 7 is that 12 volts electric current is through the contact by voltage; light gas generator 18; 56 moments of high-pressure inert gas in the gaholder 25 are sprayed automatically; charge into preceding air bag 1 through induction tract 23 and gas diverter 10; rear gasbag 2; in upper gasbag 4 and the driving engine protecting cover air bag 5; release air bag buckle 11; driving engine protecting cover 15 and energy disperser 6; in car body 7 front bumpers 12 outsides; the inflating rubber air bag is formed synchronously at rear bumper 9 outsides and driving engine protecting cover 15 bottoms; driving engine protecting cover 15 is risen; to the road pedestrian; the cyclist; people by motorcycle; occupant in both sides' car; the driver; object; the vehicle and the vehicle that knocks into the back play the buffering energy-absorbing protective effect; at utmost to reduce personal casualty; the loss that vehicle and object bring because of collision forms the anti-collision safety air bag of control protection manually.

Claims (11)

1; vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag; by gas generator (18); gaholder (25); induction tract (23); detector (3); preceding air bag (1); rear gasbag (2) and driving engine protecting cover air bag (5) are formed; it is characterized in that: gas generator (18) is received the circuit instruction; instantaneous ignition work; make high-pressure inert gas (56) the moment ejection in the gaholder (25); fill into preceding air bag (1) by gas generator (18) through induction tract (23); in rear gasbag (2) and the driving engine protecting cover air bag (5); in car body (7) front bumper (12) outside; outside and driving engine protecting cover (15) bottom of rear bumper (9), synchronous expansion forms the inflating rubber air bag.
2, vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described gas generator (18), the capsule-type igniter of inlaying (54) is housed by housing (46) inside, left end keeps off cap (43) with interior six square bolts (45) with metal and connects in the corresponding gaholder bottle necks in gaholder (25) two ends (52), holds out against interior six square bolts (45) with jackscrew (44) by top wire hole (53); Right-hand member keeps off metal with housing (46) lower end of cap (43) tie bolt, nut, spiral shell pad (14) and induction tract (23); Top ignition tube bolt (49) point of connection fire tube (48) and ignition tube plug (26), ignition tube plug (26) is connected with car body (7) inner control circuit; The bottom connects as one with car body (7) with bolt, nut, spiral shell pad (14); An anterior end with outer six square bolts (47) connects metallic gasket (51), and the other end connects the lower end of metal retaining cap (43) and bolt, nut, spiral shell pad (14) and induction tract (23); There are air inlet and deflation hole (42) in the rear portion, by the metal retaining cap of making (43), its shape top is the semicircle bodily form, perhaps be donor shape, the middle part is cone-shaped, the bottom is the cylinder bodily form, and there is the cross line that is pressed into the inner top and metallic gasket (51) inboard of metal retaining cap (43), and wall thickness all adopts any number between 0.5 to 2.5 millimeter.
3; vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag according to claim 1 and 2; it is characterized in that: air bag (1) before described; rear gasbag (2); the folding orderly compacting of upper gasbag (4) and driving engine protecting cover air bag (5) is assemblied in the air bag supply chamber (29) of car body (7); inlay clinching on air bag supply chamber (29) with 1 to 3 block of air bag buckle (11); after the gas diverter (10) that is connected the air bag inwall is connected and fixed by the gas diverter connecting bore (38) on the air bag supply chamber (29); be connected with gas generator (18) one ends with induction tract rubber attaching parts (24) through induction tract (23); be fixed on the car body (7); gas generator (18) other end connects gaholder (25); high-pressure inert gas (56) is housed in the gaholder (25); on gaholder (25) rear body (7) the Anti-bumping protection switch is housed; in car body (7) inside bearing circle Manual pressure switch (8) and battery isolator control are housed, decelostat (16) and brake pedal position-sensing switch (22) are equipped with in brake pedal (21) back.
4; according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bags; it is characterized in that: preceding air bag (1); rear gasbag (2); upper gasbag (4) and driving engine protecting cover air bag (5) are after gas generator (18) is received the circuit instruction; instantaneous ignition work; make high-pressure inert gas (56) the moment ejection in the gaholder (25); fill into preceding air bag (1) by gas generator (18) through induction tract (23); rear gasbag (2); in upper gasbag (4) and the driving engine protecting cover air bag (5); release air bag buckle (11); driving engine protecting cover (15) and energy disperser (6); in car body (7) front bumper (12) outside; the inflating rubber air bag is formed synchronously at rear bumper (9) outside and driving engine protecting cover (15) bottom; driving engine protecting cover (15) is risen; upper gasbag (4) and driving engine protecting cover air bag (5) gas intercommunication on the preceding air bag (1); after upper gasbag (4) forms the frame-type rubber pneumatic bag; have air bag drawstring (27) arranged side by side each other and upper gasbag perspective window (57) to connect as one, rear gasbag (2) is for preventing vehicle rear-end collision.
5; according to claim 1 or 3 or 4 described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bags; it is characterized in that: air bag before cab-over-engine vehicle (1); rear gasbag (2) and upper gasbag (4) are after gas generator (18) is received the circuit instruction; instantaneous ignition work; make high-pressure inert gas (56) the moment ejection in the gaholder (25); fill into preceding air bag (1) by gas generator (18) through induction tract (23); in rear gasbag (2) and the upper gasbag (4); release air bag buckle (11); form the inflating rubber air bag synchronously at tack car body (7) front and rear; make upper gasbag (4) the gas intercommunication on the preceding air bag (1); after upper gasbag (4) forms the frame-type rubber pneumatic bag, there is air bag drawstring (27) arranged side by side each other and upper gasbag perspective window (57) to connect as one.
6; according to claim 1 or 3 or 4 described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bags; it is characterized in that: preceding air bag (1); rear gasbag (2) and driving engine protecting cover air bag (5) are after gas generator (18) is received the circuit instruction; instantaneous ignition work; make high-pressure inert gas (56) the moment ejection in the gaholder (25); fill into preceding air bag (1) by gas generator (18) through induction tract (23); in rear gasbag (2) and the driving engine protecting cover air bag (5); release air bag buckle (11); driving engine protecting cover (15) and energy disperser (6); in car body (7) front bumper (12) outside; the inflating rubber air bag is formed synchronously at rear bumper (9) outside and driving engine protecting cover (15) bottom; make driving engine protecting cover (15) rise the gas intercommunication of preceding air bag (1) and driving engine protecting cover air bag (5).
7; according to claim 1 or 4 or 6 described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bags; it is characterized in that: preceding air bag (1) and rear gasbag (2) driving engine protecting cover (15) are after gas generator (18) is received the circuit instruction; instantaneous ignition work; make high-pressure inert gas (56) the moment ejection in the gaholder (25); fill into preceding air bag (1) and rear gasbag (2) by gas generator (18) through induction tract (23); release air bag buckle (11); form the inflating rubber air bag synchronously at car body (7) front and rear, driving engine protecting cover (15) adopts gas generator (18) that driving engine protecting cover (15) and energy disperser (6) are risen.
8, according to claim 1 or 3 or 4 described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bags; it is characterized in that: preceding air bag (1), rear gasbag (2), upper gasbag (4) and the driving engine protecting cover air bag (5) made by the high strength gummed cloth; its shape middle part is the cylinder bodily form; perhaps be the flat bodily form; the top, two ends is the semicircle bodily form; perhaps be the flat bodily form, wall thickness all adopts any number between 0.2 to 1.5 millimeter.
9; according to claim 1 or 3 or 4 described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bags; it is characterized in that: automobile under steam; before obstacle or burst accident appear in car the place ahead; after chaufeur is taked brake; brake pedal (21) limit of stepping on; can be pressed on the brake pedal position-sensing switch (22); and when hiding not open obstacle; start the bearing circle Manual pressure switch (8) that is installed in the car body (7); moment forms the inflating rubber air bag at car body (7) front and rear; driving engine protecting cover (15) rises simultaneously; to the road pedestrian; the cyclist; people by motorcycle; occupant in both sides' car; the driver; object; the vehicle and the vehicle that knocks into the back play the buffering energy-absorbing protective effect, form manually control protection anti-collision safety air bag.
10; according to claim 1 or 4 or 9 described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bags; it is characterized in that: automobile under steam; set the speed of a motor vehicle and reach 40km/h-60km/h automatic conducting of circuit when above; be installed in preceding detector (3) conducting of car body (7) simultaneously; when obstacle appears in car the place ahead; can remind chaufeur by language; warning is taken care; prompting maintains safe distance; protection automatically before burst accident or collision; after chaufeur is by artificial or decelostat (16) brake; set the speed of a motor vehicle still 40km/h-60km/h more than; brake pedal (21) limit of stepping on; can be pressed on the brake pedal position-sensing switch (22); and automatic time delay 1-3 hides not open obstacle after second; brake pedal (21) does not leave brake pedal position-sensing switch (22); at this moment start the bearing circle Manual pressure switch (8) that is installed in the car body (7); moment forms the inflating rubber air bag at car body (7) front and rear; driving engine protecting cover (15) rises simultaneously; to the road pedestrian; the cyclist; people by motorcycle; occupant in both sides' car; the driver; object; the vehicle and the vehicle that knocks into the back play the buffering energy-absorbing protective effect, form semiautomatic control protection anti-collision safety air bag.
11; according to claim 1 or 4 or 10 described vehicle active protection anti-collision air bags; it is characterized in that: automobile under steam; set the speed of a motor vehicle and reach 40km/h-60km/h automatic conducting of circuit when above; be installed in preceding detector (3) conducting of car body (7) simultaneously; when obstacle appears in car the place ahead; can remind chaufeur by language; warning is taken care; prompting maintains safe distance; protection automatically before burst accident or collision; after decelostat (16) brake; set the speed of a motor vehicle still 40km/h-60km/h more than; and before detector (3) the detecting obstacles object distance car during 2-5 rice; moment forms the inflating rubber air bag at car body (7) front and rear; driving engine protecting cover (15) rises simultaneously; to the road pedestrian; the cyclist; people by motorcycle; occupant in both sides' car; the driver; object; the vehicle and the vehicle that knocks into the back play the buffering energy-absorbing protective effect, form full automatic control protection anti-collision safety air bag.
CNA2008101505192A 2008-08-01 2008-08-01 Vehicle active protection anti-collision air bag Pending CN101327774A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101695914A (en) * 2009-10-31 2010-04-21 厦门理工学院 Automobile inflating safety pad capable of automatically telescoping
CN101804800A (en) * 2010-03-19 2010-08-18 浙江吉利汽车研究院有限公司 Automobile frontal collision active protection system
CN101973238A (en) * 2010-11-04 2011-02-16 刘子禾 Protective air bag in bumper of locomotive car
CN102059995A (en) * 2010-12-07 2011-05-18 吴天美 Small automobile capable of preventing collision
CN103112416A (en) * 2013-02-19 2013-05-22 李宏江 Collision-prevention device of automobile
CN103129509A (en) * 2011-11-29 2013-06-05 沃尔沃汽车公司 Pedestrian protection airbag
CN103863233A (en) * 2012-12-10 2014-06-18 现代自动车株式会社 External airbag deployment method and system
CN104401282A (en) * 2014-11-02 2015-03-11 郭金虎 Automotive intelligent inflation type anti-collision device
CN104401279A (en) * 2014-12-09 2015-03-11 常州特斯克车镜有限公司 Bumper
CN104442650A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-03-25 何赛 High-pressure inflation type buffering device
CN104442649A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-03-25 何赛 Air bag type collision buffer device
WO2015139154A1 (en) * 2014-03-21 2015-09-24 潘乃堂 Active vehicle anti-collision protection apparatus
CN108482288A (en) * 2018-03-12 2018-09-04 新乡职业技术学院 A kind of vehicle occupant safety protective device
CN108583495A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-09-28 谢震东 A kind of automobile passive safety system
CN110948525A (en) * 2019-12-25 2020-04-03 西南石油大学 Wall climbing robot safety protection combined protection device
CN111344193A (en) * 2017-12-20 2020-06-26 维宁尔美国公司 High-side grounding short-circuit protection of ignition tube circuit
CN111907463A (en) * 2020-07-10 2020-11-10 张存劳 Overall process pedestrian airbag system

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101695914A (en) * 2009-10-31 2010-04-21 厦门理工学院 Automobile inflating safety pad capable of automatically telescoping
CN101695914B (en) * 2009-10-31 2015-11-25 厦门理工学院 The automobile inflating safety pad of automatically retractable
CN101804800A (en) * 2010-03-19 2010-08-18 浙江吉利汽车研究院有限公司 Automobile frontal collision active protection system
CN101973238A (en) * 2010-11-04 2011-02-16 刘子禾 Protective air bag in bumper of locomotive car
CN101973238B (en) * 2010-11-04 2012-07-04 刘子禾 Protective air bag in bumper of locomotive car
CN102059995A (en) * 2010-12-07 2011-05-18 吴天美 Small automobile capable of preventing collision
CN103129509A (en) * 2011-11-29 2013-06-05 沃尔沃汽车公司 Pedestrian protection airbag
CN103129509B (en) * 2011-11-29 2016-08-17 沃尔沃汽车公司 Pedestrian protection airbag
CN103863233A (en) * 2012-12-10 2014-06-18 现代自动车株式会社 External airbag deployment method and system
CN103112416A (en) * 2013-02-19 2013-05-22 李宏江 Collision-prevention device of automobile
WO2015139154A1 (en) * 2014-03-21 2015-09-24 潘乃堂 Active vehicle anti-collision protection apparatus
CN104401282A (en) * 2014-11-02 2015-03-11 郭金虎 Automotive intelligent inflation type anti-collision device
CN104442650A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-03-25 何赛 High-pressure inflation type buffering device
CN104442649A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-03-25 何赛 Air bag type collision buffer device
CN104401279A (en) * 2014-12-09 2015-03-11 常州特斯克车镜有限公司 Bumper
CN111344193A (en) * 2017-12-20 2020-06-26 维宁尔美国公司 High-side grounding short-circuit protection of ignition tube circuit
CN108482288A (en) * 2018-03-12 2018-09-04 新乡职业技术学院 A kind of vehicle occupant safety protective device
CN108482288B (en) * 2018-03-12 2021-04-09 新乡职业技术学院 Safety protection device for automobile passenger
CN108583495A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-09-28 谢震东 A kind of automobile passive safety system
CN110948525A (en) * 2019-12-25 2020-04-03 西南石油大学 Wall climbing robot safety protection combined protection device
CN110948525B (en) * 2019-12-25 2021-11-30 西南石油大学 Wall climbing robot safety protection combined protection device
CN111907463A (en) * 2020-07-10 2020-11-10 张存劳 Overall process pedestrian airbag system

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