CN101326889A - Method for cultivating black edible fungus using kailyard stalk - Google Patents

Method for cultivating black edible fungus using kailyard stalk Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101326889A
CN101326889A CNA200710144792XA CN200710144792A CN101326889A CN 101326889 A CN101326889 A CN 101326889A CN A200710144792X A CNA200710144792X A CN A200710144792XA CN 200710144792 A CN200710144792 A CN 200710144792A CN 101326889 A CN101326889 A CN 101326889A
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China
Prior art keywords
seedling
major ingredient
accounts
soya bean
kidney beans
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Pending
Application number
CNA200710144792XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁玉萍
沈大东
程海涛
吴玉德
孙睿
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Jiamusi University
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Jiamusi University
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Publication date
Application filed by Jiamusi University filed Critical Jiamusi University
Priority to CNA200710144792XA priority Critical patent/CN101326889A/en
Publication of CN101326889A publication Critical patent/CN101326889A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention pertains to a method to grow mushroom, providing a black fungus growing method by replacing sawdust bags with crop straws collected from vegetable gardens. The culture medium takes green-bean seedling, eggplant seedling and pumpkin seedling as main materials; a small amount of bran, cane sugar, gypsum powder and calcium superphosphate are added; the growing method includes the steps of material mixing, water adding, mixing, material moistening, bagging, sterilization, cooling, inoculation, fungus cultivation and sprouting, opening and management before and after germination. The material batching method and the growing method ensure rapid sprouting of the black fungus, free of bacterium contamination, uniform sprouting and high yield. The yield is 1-3 times of the yield achieved by the traditional growing method based on sawdust, and the cost is low.

Description

The method of cultivating black edible fungus using kailyard stalk
Technical field
The present invention is to provide a kind of method that replaces the sub-cultivating black fungus of sawdust with the vegetable garden stalk.The present invention is applicable to that peasant household utilizes vegetable garden agricultural crop straw cultivating black fungus.
Background technology
At present, the primary raw material of bag cultivating woodear is a wood chip, along with the increase of market to the woodear demand, popularizing of cultivating Auricularia auricula-judae in bags method, cultivating Auricularia auricula-judae in bags peasant household is more and more, since timber shortage in recent years, wood chip source difficulty, price improves constantly, and does not satisfy the demand of wide farmers cultivating black fungus.
Fresh kidney beans seedling, eggplant seedling, pumpkin seedling are the common agricultural crop straws in farmers' vegetable garden, now are not developed and applied as yet, and peasants' processing mode mainly to burn also Tian Weizhu, is not only the wasting of resources, also can cause environmental pollution, increases carbon-dioxide content in atmosphere.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of is the method for major ingredient cultivating black fungus with vegetable garden agricultural crop straw fresh kidney beans seedling, eggplant seedling, pumpkin seedling, with the common agricultural crop straw in farmers' vegetable garden is that major ingredient replaces the cultivation on sawdust woodear, can solve cultivating Auricularia auricula-judae in bags part raw material problem, the vegetable garden agricultural crop straw is played one's part to the full, improve its added value, reduce the environmental pollution that brings because of burning, the Bag Material after the cultivation is because of having increased mycelian protein, cellulose obtains the degraded of appropriateness, is again the first-class feeds of cattle and sheep.
The vegetable garden agricultural crop straw is of a great variety, its characteristics are respectively arranged, the ratio difference of different material, different material collocation and collocation, the cultivating black fungus effect is all different with output, screening and optimization through raw material, the present invention is that major ingredient replaces wood chip with pulverizing fresh kidney beans seedling, eggplant seedling, pumpkin seedling, is the auxiliary material cultivating black fungus with wheat bran, soya bean kind skin, sucrose, land plaster and superphosphate, and its effect and output can reach the level of cultivation on sawdust woodear.
With the vegetable garden agricultural crop straw is that the method for major ingredient cultivating black fungus and cultivation on sawdust woodear is different, comprise that pulverizing, the spice of raw material adds water, material moistening, pack, inoculation, bacteria hair, opening, it is preceding to sprout and sprout after management.
Adopt batching of the present invention and method cultivating black fungus, raw material is general, be easy to get, and hair is fast, is difficult for microbiological contamination, and it is neat to go out ear, the output height, and output is 1~3 times of traditional cultivation on sawdust method, cost is low.
Embodiment
Batching: major ingredient (fresh kidney beans seedling, eggplant seedling, pumpkin seedling) 60~80%, wheat bran 5~10%, soya bean kind skin or soya bean pod 5~10%, sucrose 1~3%, land plaster 1~2%, superphosphate 0.5~1.5%.Cultivation method: (1) is selected materials and pulverized: select fresh kidney beans seedling, eggplant seedling, pumpkin seedling dry when producing per year, that nothing is gone mouldy, grinding particle size is at 0.5~2cm.(2) spice, Jia Shui, mixing, material moistening: add water again after earlier siccative being mixed, amount of water is 80~120% of a siccative, and back material moistening 0.5~3 hour is mixed.(3) pack, sterilization: adopt artificial or the charging of machine double-ply bag, pack must be real, sterilization in open kettle 4~8 hours or pressure sterilization 1~2 hour.(4) cooling, inoculation: the Bag Material after the sterilization naturally cools to 20~30 ℃ of inoculation temperatures, inserts 5~15% liquid spawns.(5) bacteria hair: it is 50~80% that the bacterium bag is put in relative moisture, and temperature is that 10~25 ℃ environment is cultivated mycelia down.(6) opening, put: open some " V " font designated port around the bacterium bag, designated port is with Chinese character pin-shaped arrangement, and the bacterium bag hangs and cultivates behind the designated port, at interval 5~15cm.(7) sprout before and sprout after management: sprout before relative air humidity be controlled at 80~90%, temperature is controlled at 18~22 ℃; The back relative air humidity that sprouts is controlled at 90~95%, and temperature is controlled at 20~25 ℃, is interrupted dried, the wet alternate of water spray maintenance environment, adds forced ventilation and guarantees that air is fresh.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is the cultivation flow chart.

Claims (5)

1, a kind of method of cultivating black edible fungus using kailyard stalk, it is characterized in that, it is with the fresh kidney beans seedling, eggplant seedling, the pumpkin seedling is a major ingredient, with wheat bran, soya bean kind skin or soya bean pod, sucrose, land plaster and superphosphate are auxiliary material, its cultivate material composition and weight percentage are as follows: major ingredient (fresh kidney beans seedling, eggplant seedling, the pumpkin seedling) 60~80%, wheat bran 5~10%, soya bean kind skin or soya bean pod 5~10%, sucrose 1~3%, land plaster 1~2%, superphosphate 0.5~1.5%, distribution: (1) major ingredient is pulverized: grinding particle size is at 0.01~2 centimetre, (2) batching: all raw materials add the water back material moistening 0.5~3 hour that is mixed.
According to the described major ingredient of claim 1, it is characterized in that 2, following three kinds of situations are arranged, (1) 100% is the fresh kidney beans seedling; (2) the fresh kidney beans seedling accounts for major ingredient 60~80%, and eggplant seedling accounts for major ingredient 20~40%; (3) the fresh kidney beans seedling accounts for major ingredient 50~70%, and eggplant seedling accounts for major ingredient 20~40%, and the pumpkin seedling accounts for major ingredient 10~20%.
3, according to the described soya bean kind of claim 1 skin, it is characterized in that, the soya bean drying, roll brokenly lobe, decortication and obtain, is the offcuts of producing soymilk, bean powder, and its grinding particle size answers 100% by 20 mesh sieves.
4, pulverize according to the described major ingredient of claim 1, it is characterized in that, fresh kidney beans seedling, eggplant seedling, pumpkin seedling siccative 2~4% hot water of before pulverizing, spraying, material moistening 0.5~1 hour.
According to the described major ingredient grinding particle size of claim 1, it is characterized in that 5, the fine grained material by 20 mesh sieves accounts for 10~40%, its length of coarse granule material by 20 mesh sieves is less than 2 centimetres.
CNA200710144792XA 2007-12-11 2007-12-11 Method for cultivating black edible fungus using kailyard stalk Pending CN101326889A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA200710144792XA CN101326889A (en) 2007-12-11 2007-12-11 Method for cultivating black edible fungus using kailyard stalk

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA200710144792XA CN101326889A (en) 2007-12-11 2007-12-11 Method for cultivating black edible fungus using kailyard stalk

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101326889A true CN101326889A (en) 2008-12-24

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CN (1) CN101326889A (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103145462A (en) * 2013-03-07 2013-06-12 邬金飞 Enoki mushroom stock culture material and making method thereof
CN103214279A (en) * 2013-04-22 2013-07-24 邬金飞 Compatibility of black fungus cultivation material and manufacturing method of cultivation material
CN103416226A (en) * 2013-08-15 2013-12-04 黑龙江省伊春市友好区食用菌研究所 Process for cultivating black fungi by utilizing processed straw particles instead of sawdust
CN104744140A (en) * 2015-03-04 2015-07-01 邬金梅 Preparation method of black fungus cultivation material
CN104774095A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-15 韦双梅 Auricularia polytricha culture medium
CN104892269A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-09 桂林健成生物科技开发有限公司 Application of seed coats/embryoid bodies, roots and tubers remaining after sprouting vegetable harvest in cultivation of lentinus edodes
CN104945057A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-30 桂林健成生物科技开发有限公司 Application of seed coats/embryonic bodies and rhizomes obtained after harvest of sprout seedling vegetable to cultivation of tricholoms lobayense heim
CN104945052A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-30 桂林健成生物科技开发有限公司 Application of seed coats/embryonic bodies and rhizomes obtained after harvest of sprout seedling vegetable to cultivation of coriolus versicolor
CN104945053A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-30 桂林健成生物科技开发有限公司 Application of seed coats/embryonic bodies and rhizomes obtained after harvest of sprout seedling vegetable to cultivation of pholiota adiposa
CN105027981A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-11 成都圣灵生物科技有限公司 Black fungus cultivation method
CN106818213A (en) * 2017-02-20 2017-06-13 董霞 A kind of edible fungus industrial manufacturing technique method
CN109429754A (en) * 2018-09-20 2019-03-08 金华市泽雨园艺技术有限公司 The mound layering method of cercis
CN112042467A (en) * 2020-09-23 2020-12-08 玉龙县珍稀菇农业开发有限公司 Process flow for preparing natural selenium-rich black fungus

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103145462A (en) * 2013-03-07 2013-06-12 邬金飞 Enoki mushroom stock culture material and making method thereof
CN103145462B (en) * 2013-03-07 2014-07-16 邬金飞 Enoki mushroom stock culture material and making method thereof
CN103214279A (en) * 2013-04-22 2013-07-24 邬金飞 Compatibility of black fungus cultivation material and manufacturing method of cultivation material
CN103416226A (en) * 2013-08-15 2013-12-04 黑龙江省伊春市友好区食用菌研究所 Process for cultivating black fungi by utilizing processed straw particles instead of sawdust
CN104744140A (en) * 2015-03-04 2015-07-01 邬金梅 Preparation method of black fungus cultivation material
CN104774095A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-15 韦双梅 Auricularia polytricha culture medium
CN104945057A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-30 桂林健成生物科技开发有限公司 Application of seed coats/embryonic bodies and rhizomes obtained after harvest of sprout seedling vegetable to cultivation of tricholoms lobayense heim
CN104892269A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-09 桂林健成生物科技开发有限公司 Application of seed coats/embryoid bodies, roots and tubers remaining after sprouting vegetable harvest in cultivation of lentinus edodes
CN104945052A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-30 桂林健成生物科技开发有限公司 Application of seed coats/embryonic bodies and rhizomes obtained after harvest of sprout seedling vegetable to cultivation of coriolus versicolor
CN104945053A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-30 桂林健成生物科技开发有限公司 Application of seed coats/embryonic bodies and rhizomes obtained after harvest of sprout seedling vegetable to cultivation of pholiota adiposa
CN105027981A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-11 成都圣灵生物科技有限公司 Black fungus cultivation method
CN106818213A (en) * 2017-02-20 2017-06-13 董霞 A kind of edible fungus industrial manufacturing technique method
CN109429754A (en) * 2018-09-20 2019-03-08 金华市泽雨园艺技术有限公司 The mound layering method of cercis
CN112042467A (en) * 2020-09-23 2020-12-08 玉龙县珍稀菇农业开发有限公司 Process flow for preparing natural selenium-rich black fungus

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