CN101313652A - Vertical multipurpose culture material charging machine - Google Patents

Vertical multipurpose culture material charging machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101313652A
CN101313652A CNA2007100090277A CN200710009027A CN101313652A CN 101313652 A CN101313652 A CN 101313652A CN A2007100090277 A CNA2007100090277 A CN A2007100090277A CN 200710009027 A CN200710009027 A CN 200710009027A CN 101313652 A CN101313652 A CN 101313652A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
auger
sleeve
pull bar
supporting plate
extension spring
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Pending
Application number
CNA2007100090277A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
翁赐和
翁建新
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翁赐和
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Application filed by 翁赐和 filed Critical 翁赐和
Priority to CNA2007100090277A priority Critical patent/CN101313652A/en
Publication of CN101313652A publication Critical patent/CN101313652A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a vertical type multi-purpose culture medium filling machine. The machine is characterized in that an elevating support plate used to support material filling bags or material filling bottles has the bottom part arranged on a flexible elevating mechanism, and a left side and a right side on the upper part of the elevating support plate are provided with tension spring pull rod elastic components which can adjust the material filling tightness respectively; each tension spring pull rod elastic component consists of a long sleeve, a tension spring movably arranged in the inner cavity of the sleeve and a pull rod, wherein the bottom end of the pull rod is fixedly connected with the elevating support plate, the upper part of the long sleeve is fixedly connected with the top of a machine frame, the pull rod and the tension spring which is in muff coupling with the pull rod can move in the long sleeve up and down, the bottom of the long sleeve is in screwing connection with a nut by which the elastic tension of the tension spring can be adjusted, and the center part on the surface of the elevating support plate is provided with a height adjusting base provided with a nut-screw. Compared with the prior art, the vertical type multi-purpose filling machine has the advantages that the machine serves multi-purpose, the tightness of filling materials and the height of filling materials can be conveniently adjusted, the whole machine can be conveniently repaired, and mushroom farmers can greatly lower the investment for mechanical equipment, along with a reasonable structure, long service life and high work efficiency.

Description

Vertical multipurpose culture material charging machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of charging plant equipment that edible mushroom is used of producing, particularly a kind of vertical multipurpose culture material charging machine that can adapt to filling plurality of specifications Bag Material and bottle material.
Technical background
Along with artificial cultivation edible mushroom continuous advancement in technology, the mushroom farming extensively utilizes the composts or fertilisers of cultivating as edible mushroom such as plant waste such as cotton seed hulls, wood chip, straw particle, bagasse, after these raw materials become the fine particulate composts or fertilisers of cultivating to handle through grinding and processing, with charger composts or fertilisers of cultivating is filled in plastic sack tube (Bag Material) or the plastic bottle (bottle material), through sealing, sterilization, connecing bacterium, cultural hypha and form bacterium rod or bacterium piece, until cultivating fruiting.Charger has been the indispensable plant equipment of artificial cultivation edible mushroom.Though the vertical charger that mushroom farming is at present often used can reduce labor intensity in the charging process relatively than horizontal charger, there is following shortcoming in the vertical charger that existing unit list is used because of the reason of its structural behaviour:
At first, in charger, there is not design and installation height adjustment seat as the liftable supporting plate surface that bears bag (tube) bottom, the pulling force of the tension spring of installing above the lifting supporting plate can not be regulated, cause when filling with substance, Bag Material work loading height and charging elasticity (packing) all can not be adjusted, according to the bacterium bag, the requirement that the bottled material height of bacterium generally should be selected between 140~200mm, if it is suitable that work loading height can not be regulated, can cause wastage of material, as fruiting of Asparagus, once gather and require composts or fertilisers of cultivating charging low (amount is few), the new mushroom of tea fruiting is several times gathered several times, so require composts or fertilisers of cultivating will adorn height (measuring many).The charging degree of tightness should be appropriate, otherwise feeding too, pine makes mycelial growth slow, shaky behind the mycelia formation bacterium rod, particularly Bag Material bacterium rod is easy to fracture occur, influences fruiting output, lacks oxygen if the too closely knit meeting of charging makes in the bacterium bag (pocket), mycelial growth is not strong, be subject to assorted bacterium invasion and attack and infect, mycelial growth is also slow simultaneously, influences fruiting output.
Secondly, make as the screw-conveyer-shaft and the main power shaft disjunctor of spiral conveying mechanism (being the auger charge mechanism) on the charger, long-time and the material friction back discharging speed that influences easy to wear because of the helical form auger sheet on the screw-conveyer-shaft, necessary periodic maintenance, connecting shaft is repaired for mounting or dismounting and is caused inconvenience.Secondly, specification as the auger of spiral conveying mechanism and auger cover in the existing charger is single, and the kind of mushroom farming culturing edible fungus is many, white fungus, flat mushroom, Asparagus, tremella, the new mushroom of tea, woodear, mushroom or the like are arranged, needed plastic sack, plastic bottle specification are all inequality, the general diameter of plastic sack tube is selected between 70~160mm, the plastic bottle bore is generally selected between 30~60mm, so auger and auger cover (tube) size supporting with it also require to differ, the single specification that above-mentioned unit list is used does not satisfy the demand of mushroom farming.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of vertical multipurpose culture material charging machine, using this sack filling machine to have height is that packing is easy to adjust with the charging elasticity, and easy to maintenance, structure is reasonable, but and the characteristics of a tractor serves several purposes.
The present invention realizes with following technical scheme: it is by frame, motor as power source, main power shaft, belt gear, feeding hopper, axle is stirred in feeding, as the auger (auger is made up of the screw-conveyer-shaft and the auger sleeve of band flight) of spiral conveying mechanism, the liftable supporting plate and the scalable elevating mechanism of support charging bag (tube) or charging bottle usefulness constitute, and it is characterized in that:
The bottom of described liftable supporting plate is installed on the scalable elevating mechanism, the bottom of scalable elevating mechanism is installed on the gantry base, on the limit, the left and right sides above the liftable supporting plate, respectively be provided with the extension spring pull bar elastic parts that to regulate the charging elasticity, this extension spring pull bar elastic parts is by long sleeve, the tension spring and the pull bar that are movably installed in the long sleeve inner chamber are formed, the wherein bottom of pull bar and liftable supporting plate fixedly connected (being connected) as screw, (passing through flange) fixedlys connected with frame top in the top of long sleeve, after the installation, pull bar and the tension spring that socket-connects with it can move up and down (displacement) in long sleeve, be bolted with the nut that to regulate extension spring elastic pulling force (elastic force) size in the long sleeve bottom, when with nut to adjusted, compressible extension spring, allow the make progress elastic force of roof pressure pull bar of extension spring increase, pull bar is also increased the power that lifts of supporting plate, make auger carry out when filling with substance, Bag Material loads (dress is real) relatively, when nut is regulated downwards, can loosen extension spring, allow the make progress elastic force of roof pressure pull bar of extension spring reduce, pull bar is reduced the power of lifting of supporting plate, carry out when filling with substance, Bag Material is adorned pine relatively; Aim at an employing of central part design and installation (two groups) nut-screw of auger sleeve openings on liftable supporting plate surface and regulate its height adjustment seat highly.
Above-mentioned technical solution also can further be specially:
One, described scalable aircraft lifts is by parallelogram telescope support (also claiming the diamond shaped telescope support), and promptly the parallelogram crane of one or more groups double link activity intersection hinge joint constitutes at least.
Two, described auger as spiral conveying mechanism flexibly connects (as be threaded) by its screw-conveyer-shaft with the main power shaft axiality for making the back separately, the auger sleeve is to be designed to the structure that the mutual axiality of two sections formula flexibly connects, the auger sleeve and the upper semisection portion auger sleeve axiality that are lower semisection portion flexibly connect, and are provided with charging aperture in the auger sleeve of upper semisection portion.
Three, the auger sleeve of described auger of using as spiral conveying mechanism and lower semisection thereof is to be designed to adapt to that to load plastic sack tube diameter be 70~160mm specification, maybe can adapt to and load the big of plastic bottle bore 30~60mm specification, in, the auxiliary equipment structure of little multiple (as more than three kinds) specification, between every cover, be to be again to dispose installation in twos between the auger sleeve of every cover auger and lower semisection by corresponding dimensions, the auger of big cover wherein, the diameter D design of its latter half is greater than the diameter d of the first half, wherein, the auger of little cover, the diameter D of its latter half can design the diameter d less than the first half.
Because the present invention is provided with pulling force (elastic force) size that elasticity extension spring pull bar elastic parts is used for the flexible modulation extension spring above the liftable supporting plate, make feeding (filler) can carry out the automatic control of elasticity according to the size of spring tension to the pocket when filling with substance with auger; Because center at the lifting supporting plate, promptly with the opening of auger sleeve over against locating height adjustment seat of regulating of design and installation by two groups of nut-screws, can carry out lift in height by actual needs at any time regulates, realized the easy adjustment of work loading height, also owing to scientific and reasonable design to the feeding auger, compared with the prior art, this vertical charger has possessed a tractor serves several purposes, charging elasticity and work loading height all can conveniently regulating and controlling function, complete machine is easy to maintenance, and structure is reasonable, long service life, the work efficiency height can alleviate the input of mushroom farming to plant equipment greatly.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of assembly structure schematic diagram of this vertical multipurpose culture material charging machine.
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the extension spring pull bar elastic parts of the charging the regulated elasticity on the lifting supporting plate.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the height adjustment seat on the lifting supporting plate.
Fig. 5 a and Fig. 5 b are respectively the big cover auger that sets mutually in twos and the structural representation of auger sleeve.
Fig. 6 a and Fig. 6 b are respectively the little cover auger that sets mutually in twos and the structural representation of auger sleeve.
Embodiment
With reference to accompanying drawing as can be known, the main parts size that constitutes the vertical charger of the present invention comprises: 1. feeding hopper, 2. can regulate extension spring pull bar elastic parts, 3. regulate tension spring tension and use the knurled nut, 4. hinge (bearing pin), 5. main power shaft, 6. the charging aperture of auger, 7. auger sleeve, the 8. screw-conveyer-shaft of band flight, 9. chain-wales shape height adjustment seat, 10. lifting supporting plate, 11. parallelogram telescope supports, 12. frames, 13. axle is stirred in feeding, 14. shaft clutch is stirred in feeding, 15. motors, 16. clutch linkages, 17. the pedal of clutch linkage, 18. be used for the nut-screw regulating part of height adjustment seat, 19. pulley concial disk driving members, 20. pull bars, 21. tension spring (extension spring), 22. long sleeve (being used for the extension spring of suit pull bar), the flange connector of 23. long sleeves top, 24. connecting screws, 25. the screw rod on the height adjustment seat, 26. locking nut, 27. big cover augers, 28. big cover auger sleeves, 29. little cover auger, 30. little cover auger sleeves.Its annexation and operation principle are as follows: liftable supporting plate 10 bottoms are installed on the parallelogram telescope support 11 of two groups of double link activities intersections hinge joint, limit, the left and right sides above liftable supporting plate 10 respectively is provided with by tension spring 21, the extension spring pull bar elastic parts 2 that long sleeve 22 and pull bar 20 are formed, wherein pull bar 20 and extension spring 21 are installed on long sleeve 22 inner chambers, be connected with screw between the bottom of pull bar 20 and the liftable supporting plate 10, fixedly connected with frame 12 tops by flange in the top of long sleeve 22, respectively be bolted with a knurled nut 3 that can regulate tension spring tension (elastic force) size in each long sleeve bottom, when with this nut to adjusted, compressible extension spring 21, the power that lifts of 20 pairs of supporting plates 10 of pull bar is increased, the hinge dragon loads real relatively at the when filling with substance Bag Material, when knurled nut 3 is regulated downwards, can loosen extension spring, the power of lifting of 20 pairs of supporting plates 10 of pull bar is reduced, carry out the when filling with substance Bag Material and adorn pine relatively.The center design of aiming at the auger sleeve openings on lifting supporting plate surface has one to have the chain-wales shape height adjustment seat 9 that two groups of nut-screws are regulated its height, every group of nut-screw all is made up of a screw rod 25 and two locking nuts 26, adjusting nut 26, can stretch out the height on lifting supporting plate 10 surfaces by adjusting screw(rod) 25, thereby realize the height of regulated at will height adjustment seat.Auger as spiral conveying mechanism is spirally connected by screw-conveyer-shaft 8 and main power shaft 5, auger sleeve 7 is to make the mutual axiality of two sections formula to connect, the auger sleeve of every cover auger and lower semisection thereof is that to be designed to adapt to plastic sack tube diameter be the 70-160mm specification, maybe can adapt to the big of plastic bottle bore 30-60mm specification, in, the auxiliary equipment structure of little three kinds or plurality of specifications, between every cover, be to be again to dispose installation in twos between the auger sleeve of every cover auger and lower semisection by corresponding dimensions, the auger of big cover wherein, the diameter D design of its latter half is greater than the diameter d of the first half, wherein, little cover auger, the diameter D of its latter half can design the diameter d less than the first half.
The annexation of all the other structures of this charger and operation principle are identical with prior art.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of vertical multipurpose culture material charging machine, complete machine is by frame (12), motor (15) as power source, main power shaft (5), belt gear, feeding hopper (1), axle (13) is stirred in feeding, auger as spiral conveying mechanism, the liftable supporting plate (10) and the scalable elevating mechanism of support charging bag or charging bottle usefulness constitute, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described liftable supporting plate (10) is installed on the expanding and lifting mechanism, the bottom of elevating mechanism is installed on the gantry base, on the limit, the left and right sides above the liftable supporting plate, respectively be provided with the extension spring pull bar elastic parts (2) that to regulate the charging elasticity, this extension spring pull bar elastic parts is by long sleeve (22), the tension spring (21) and the pull bar (20) that are movably installed in the long sleeve inner chamber are formed, wherein fixedly connected with liftable supporting plate (10) in the bottom of pull bar, fixedly connected with frame top in the top of long sleeve (22), pull bar and the tension spring that socket-connects with it can move up and down in long sleeve, be bolted with the nut that to regulate extension spring elastic pulling force size in the long sleeve bottom, when with nut to adjusted, compressible extension spring (21), allow the make progress elastic force of roof pressure pull bar of extension spring increase, pull bar is also increased the power that lifts of supporting plate (10), when nut is regulated downwards, can loosen extension spring, allow the make progress elastic force of roof pressure pull bar of extension spring reduce, pull bar is reduced the power of lifting of supporting plate; The central part of aiming at auger sleeve (7) opening on liftable supporting plate (10) surface is provided with a height adjustment seat (9) that adopts nut-screw to regulate its height.
2, vertical multipurpose culture material charging machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described scalable elevating mechanism is by parallelogram telescope support (1), and promptly the parallelogram crane of one or more groups double link activity intersection hinge joint constitutes at least.
3, vertical multipurpose culture material charging machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the auger as spiral conveying mechanism flexibly connects by its screw-conveyer-shaft (8) and main power shaft (5) axiality for making the back separately, described auger sleeve (7) is to be designed to the structure that the mutual axiality of two sections formula flexibly connects, the auger sleeve and the upper semisection portion auger sleeve axiality that are lower semisection portion flexibly connect, and are provided with charging aperture (6) in the auger sleeve of upper semisection portion.
4, vertical multipurpose culture material charging machine according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the auger of using as spiral conveying mechanism and the auger sleeve of lower semisection thereof are to be designed to adapt to that to load plastic sack tube diameter be 70~160mm specification, maybe can adapt to and load the big of plastic bottle bore 30~60mm specification, in, the auxiliary equipment structure of little plurality of specifications, between every cover, be to be again to dispose installation in twos between the auger sleeve of every cover auger and lower semisection by corresponding dimensions, the auger of big cover (27) wherein, the diameter D design of its latter half is greater than the diameter d of the first half, wherein, the auger of little cover, the diameter D of its latter half can design the diameter d less than the first half.
CNA2007100090277A 2007-05-29 2007-05-29 Vertical multipurpose culture material charging machine Pending CN101313652A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2007100090277A CN101313652A (en) 2007-05-29 2007-05-29 Vertical multipurpose culture material charging machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2007100090277A CN101313652A (en) 2007-05-29 2007-05-29 Vertical multipurpose culture material charging machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101313652A true CN101313652A (en) 2008-12-03

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101904271A (en) * 2010-07-16 2010-12-08 翁赐和 Agitating-bagging multipurpose all-in-one machine
CN102396344A (en) * 2011-07-15 2012-04-04 徐寿海 Automatic edible fungi bag filler
CN104838891A (en) * 2015-05-28 2015-08-19 昌高机械(上海)有限公司 Mushroom culture medium bagging machine
CN109187279A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-01-11 贵州理工学院 A kind of pitch wetting velocity test device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101904271A (en) * 2010-07-16 2010-12-08 翁赐和 Agitating-bagging multipurpose all-in-one machine
CN102396344A (en) * 2011-07-15 2012-04-04 徐寿海 Automatic edible fungi bag filler
CN102396344B (en) * 2011-07-15 2013-01-16 徐寿海 Automatic edible fungi bag filler
CN104838891A (en) * 2015-05-28 2015-08-19 昌高机械(上海)有限公司 Mushroom culture medium bagging machine
CN104838891B (en) * 2015-05-28 2017-03-29 昌高机械(上海)有限公司 Mushroom bagging machine for culture material
CN109187279A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-01-11 贵州理工学院 A kind of pitch wetting velocity test device

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WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Open date: 20081203

C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)