CN101307151B - Apparatus for treating waste and old tyres - Google Patents

Apparatus for treating waste and old tyres Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101307151B
CN101307151B CN2008101024188A CN200810102418A CN101307151B CN 101307151 B CN101307151 B CN 101307151B CN 2008101024188 A CN2008101024188 A CN 2008101024188A CN 200810102418 A CN200810102418 A CN 200810102418A CN 101307151 B CN101307151 B CN 101307151B
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China
Prior art keywords
carbon black
housing
wheel hub
travelling belt
reactor
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2008101024188A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101307151A (en
Inventor
曹建国
刘伟
张平
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Shandong Shouguang Qingda Technology and Environment Protection Co., Ltd.
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SHANDONG SHOUGUANG QINGDA TECHNOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION Co Ltd
BEIJING TIANHAIYUAN TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2008101024188A priority Critical patent/CN101307151B/en
Publication of CN101307151A publication Critical patent/CN101307151A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

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  • Separation, Recovery Or Treatment Of Waste Materials Containing Plastics (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a device for processing waste tires, belonging to the waste tire recovery processing technical field. The device comprises a feeding device, a reactor and a discharging device and is characterized in that: the discharging device comprises a condenser (6), a shell (7), a hub (8)/separator (9), a carbon black gatherer (10), a metal gatherer (11) and so on; a discharge opening of the condenser (6) is connected with a feed opening of the shell (7); the hub (8) and the separator (9) are arranged inside the shell (7); a conveyer belt of a conveyer on the upper part of the separator (9) is a reticular conveyer belt and can make carbon black powder fall off on the conveyer belt of the conveyer on the lower part and leave steel wires on the upper part; the metal gatherer (11) and the shell are sealed through liquid; and the carbon black gatherer (10) and the shell (7) are sealed through a sealed valve. The discharging device can continuously discharge materials and be sealed, and guarantee that no pollutant is discharged; the device for processing the waste tires is water and energy saving, safe and environment-friendly, and can realize production process automation.

Description

A kind of device of processing junked tire
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of device of processing junked tire, belong to junked tire recycle device technical field.
Background technology
Development along with automotive industry and transportation, to the demand of various tires in continuous increase, China is the large rubber of the first in the world country of consumption, it also is tire production big country and tire consumption big country, accordingly, also produced a lot of junked tires, so-called junked tire, refer to be replaced or to eliminate and lost the tire that is worth as tire used, and factory produce scrap tire.A large amount of junked tires has been piled up severe contamination environment, China also is faced with the increasing pressure.
Domestic recycling to junked tire is take physical method as main, these methods in various degree exist the shortcomings such as contaminate environment, technique are perfect not, operability is not strong.
Also have made some progress for the cleavage method of junked tire and the research of device at present, but these methods in various degree exposed many drawbacks.
For the device of processing junked tire, it is maximum that reactor may be that people consider, also made various improvement; But, the dumping device no less important of the device of processing junked tire, dumping device should guarantee sealing, is suitable for again production automation serialization.
China's Tsing-Hua University patent application: a kind of method that adopts the gas burning kiln continuously thermal decomposing waste tire (application number: 200610114090.2, contriver: Gai Guosheng, Cong Xiaomin, Feng Tao, Yang Yufen) has proposed a kind of method that adopts the gas burning kiln continuously thermal decomposing waste tire.The discharging process of the solid product that this method produces after for the junked tire cracking has been used traditional discharging method, be difficult to guarantee the sealing of whole reactive system, cause easily environmental pollution, and be difficult to reach the effect of serialization discharging, thereby affect the level of automation of whole technique.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of efficient high, the pyrolysis gas of generation can return burning and use, condensation, and oil yield is high, the device of the processing junked tire that level of automation is high.
A kind of device of processing junked tire comprises feeding unit, reactor, dumping device successively,
Described feeding unit is the common feed mouth, or a cover automatic feeder of loading hopper or automatic charging mouth or other exploitations, feeding unit can whole tire charging or tire pulverize after powder feed;
Described reactor comprises opening for feed (1), reactor body (2), discharge port (3) successively;
The upper, middle and lower section of described reactor body (2) respectively is provided with pyrolysis gas import (4), reactor is divided into three heating regions, described reactor body is provided with mixing steam outlet (5), is connected to above-mentioned pyrolysis gas import (4) through the mixing steam that mixing steam outlet (5) is flowed out through the pyrolysis gas that obtains after the condensation and recycles;
Be provided with the insert seal valve between described reactor feed mouth (1) and the feeding unit.
Described dumping device comprises condenser (6), housing (7), wheel hub (8), electric actuator, separating machine (9), carbon black collector (10) and metal collectors (11);
The opening for feed of described condenser (6) links to each other with the discharge port of reactor;
The discharge port of described condenser (6) links to each other with the opening for feed of housing (7);
Wheel hub (8), separating machine (9) are in housing (7);
Wheel hub (8) is driven by electric actuator;
Wheel hub (8) bottom is separating machine (9);
Described separating machine (9) is made of two transport units in upper and lower, and the travelling belt of the transport unit on top is a netted travelling belt, and its sizing grid can make carbon black powder fall on the travelling belt of transport unit of bottom, and makes above steel wire stays;
The travelling belt of the transport unit on top is towards corresponding with it metal collectors (11) direction motion, so that described steel wire falls into corresponding with it metal collectors (11); Between described metal collectors (11) and housing by hydraulic seal;
The travelling belt of the transport unit of bottom passes through the insert seal valve seal towards corresponding with it carbon black collector (10) direction motion between described carbon black collector (10) and housing (7).
Described pyrolysis gas import is respectively equipped with by-pass valve control, in order to controlling the air input of pyrolysis gas, and the temperature of combustion by firing system control combustion nozzle, the i.e. temperature of each heating region.
Be equipped with for water-cooled water tank the side of described condenser (6).
There is the fenestra with flange the upper and lower of described housing (7).
Described wheel hub (8) is useful on the blade of transfers heat hydrolysis products, and wheel hub (8) is by water cooling, and the water in the wheel hub is discharged by independent water drain funnel.
Powder was by the feeding unit charging after the whole tire charging of junked tire of the present invention or tire were pulverized; Be provided with the insert seal valve between described reactor feed mouth and the feeding unit, seal valve is closed during not charging, and seal valve is opened during charging; Charging enters by the reactor feed mouth reacts pyrolysis in the reactor body; The upper, middle and lower section of described reactor body respectively is provided with the pyrolysis gas import, and reactor is divided into three heating regions.Tire pyrolysis is decomposed into gaseous state and solid-state two kinds of products, and wherein gaseous product mainly is the mixing steam of gaseous hydrocarbon (hydrocarbon gas) and pyrolysis gas, and solid product mainly is the metal (steel wire) in carbon black and the tire interlayer.Described reactor body is provided with the mixing steam outlet, and the pyrolysis gas that obtains after the mixing steam process condensation that the mixing steam outlet is flowed out is connected to above-mentioned pyrolysis gas import and recycles;
Described pyrolysis gas import is respectively equipped with by-pass valve control, in order to controlling the air input of pyrolysis gas, and the temperature of combustion by firing system control combustion nozzle, the i.e. temperature of each heating region.
Solid product unloads by dumping device;
Described dumping device comprises condenser (6), housing (7), wheel hub (8), electric actuator, separating machine (9), carbon black collector (10) and metal collectors (11); The opening for feed of described condenser (6) links to each other with the discharge port of reactor; Solid product enters condenser convection current condensation by the opening for feed of described condenser (6); The side of described condenser (6) can also be equipped with for water-cooled water tank and be carried out condensation.The discharge port of described condenser (6) links to each other with the opening for feed of housing (7); Enter in the housing through condensed solid product; Wheel hub (8), separating machine (9) are in housing (7); Wheel hub (8) is driven by electric actuator; Solid product is milled, is processed through wheel hub (8) and can obtain carbon black and metal etc.; Described wheel hub (8) is useful on the blade of transfers heat hydrolysis products, and wheel hub (8) is by water cooling, and the water in the wheel hub is discharged by independent water drain funnel.The upper and lower of described housing (7) has with the fenestra of flange can observe situation in the housing.
Wheel hub (8) bottom is separating machine (9); Separating machine (9) is made of two transport units in upper and lower, and the travelling belt of the transport unit on top is a netted travelling belt, and its sizing grid can make carbon black powder fall on the travelling belt of transport unit of bottom, and makes above steel wire stays;
The travelling belt of the transport unit on top is towards corresponding with it metal collectors (11) direction motion, so that described steel wire falls into corresponding with it metal collectors (11); The travelling belt of the transport unit of bottom is towards corresponding with it carbon black collector (10) direction motion.
Steel wire falls into metal collectors (11); Between described metal collectors (11) and housing by hydraulic seal;
Pass through the insert seal valve seal between described carbon black collector (10) and housing (7); Carbon black powder fell into carbon black collector (10) when the insert seal valve seal was opened.
Separate the carbon black that obtains and obtain well behaved gac through activating process.
Uninstalling system of the present invention is for having used a kind of reasonable separate mode separating of carbon black and metal, two travelling belts have been used, above a transmission with grid, the carbon black that particle diameter is less is fallen on the following travelling belt, deliver to carbon black collector place with travelling belt, and the larger metal of particle diameter stays on the superincumbent travelling belt and along with travelling belt enters in the metal collectors, compares with a traditional minute magnetic separation method and has reduced cost.Embedded sealing method has been adopted in the discharging of carbon black, and the mode of water-lute has been adopted in the discharging of steel wire, and prior art needs to open pyrolysis oven more it is discharged.The present invention has reached the effect of serialization discharge to the discharging of solid phase prod, and embedded and water-lute method played good sealing effectiveness, really guaranteed the discharging of contamination-free, and existing discharge method obviously very easily causes environmental pollution.
In a word, the present invention has avoided deficiency of the prior art, compares advantages such as mainly containing cost is lower, safety and environmental protection, Automation of Manufacturing Process with the uninstalling system of the device of other various processing tires.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the process flow sheet that the present invention processes junked tire.
Fig. 2 is device synoptic diagram of the present invention.
Embodiment
Further specify the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 2 is device synoptic diagram of the present invention.Wherein, 1 is the reactor feed mouth, and 2 is reactor body, and 3 is the reactor discharge port, and 4 is pyrolysis gas population, and 5 are the pyrolysis vapour outlet, and 6 is condenser, and 7 is housing, and 8 is wheel hub, and 9 is separating machine, and 10 is the carbon black collector, and 11 is metal collectors, and 12 is water tank.
A kind of device of processing junked tire comprises feeding unit, reactor, dumping device successively.Reactor comprises opening for feed, housing, discharge port successively; Described opening for feed is connected by the insert seal valve with feeding unit; Opening for feed links to each other with housing; The upper, middle and lower section of described housing respectively is provided with the pyrolysis gas import, reactor is divided into three heating regions, also be provided with the mixing steam outlet on the described housing, the pyrolysis gas that obtains after the mixing steam process condensation that the mixing steam outlet is flowed out is connected to above-mentioned pyrolysis gas import and recycles; Described dumping device comprises condenser (6), housing (7), wheel hub (8), electric actuator, separating machine (9), carbon black collector (10) and metal collectors (11); The opening for feed of described condenser (6) links to each other with the discharge port of reactor; The discharge port of described condenser (6) links to each other with the opening for feed of housing (7); Wheel hub (8), separating machine (9) are in housing (7); Wheel hub (8) is driven by electric actuator; Wheel hub (8) bottom is separating machine (9); Described separating machine (9) is made of two transport units in upper and lower, and the travelling belt of the transport unit on top is a netted travelling belt, and its sizing grid can make carbon black powder fall on the travelling belt of transport unit of bottom, and makes above steel wire stays; The travelling belt of the transport unit on top is towards corresponding with it metal collectors (11) direction motion, so that described steel wire falls into corresponding with it metal collectors (11); Between described metal collectors (11) and housing by hydraulic seal; The travelling belt of the transport unit of bottom seals by seal valve between described carbon black collector (10) and housing (7) towards corresponding with it carbon black collector (10) direction motion.Described pyrolysis gas import is respectively equipped with by-pass valve control, in order to controlling the air input of pyrolysis gas, and the temperature of combustion by firing system control combustion nozzle, the i.e. temperature of each heating region.Described reactor feed mouth is provided with the insert seal valve.Be equipped with for water-cooled water tank the side of described condenser (6).There is the fenestra with flange the upper and lower of described housing (7).Described wheel hub (8) is useful on the blade of transfers heat hydrolysis products.Described wheel hub (8) is by water cooling, and the water in the wheel hub is discharged by independent water drain funnel.
The upper, middle and lower section of reactor respectively is mounted with respectively the pyrolysis gas import, and the gas jet group (firing system) in those pyrolysis gas imports and the reactor communicates, and each gas jet group provides different temperature for three heating regions.The gas jet group is comprised of the Sweet natural gas or the pyrolysis gas supply line that contain screening washer, pressure-regulator and can control the valve system of three heating zone.Each pyrolysis oven heating zone comprises the gas jet of two two channels (air-supply), valve control device and Jet control assembly.Each heating zone can be controlled separately, has own independent air-supply arrangement and the pressure-controlling sensing rly. of blow air well heater (consideration flue gas), valve control device, blow air and gas.Independent control module by each nozzle realizes the control whether igniting and the supervision nozzle to the pyrolysis oven heating zone has flame.
Fig. 1 utilizes the present invention to process the process flow diagram of junked tire.
Feeding unit is sent into raw material (this raw material can be the tire powder after whole tire or the pulverizing) to carry out thermolysis in the reactor that is sealed state, thermolysis is divided into the upper, middle and lower section, the heat decomposition temperature of epimere is 700-800 ℃, the middle part temperature is 800-900 ℃, the hypomere heat decomposition temperature is 900-1000 ℃, and the effect of partition heating is to carry out pyrolysis to whole tire.Raw material is decomposed into gaseous state and solid-state two kinds of products, and wherein gaseous product mainly is the mixing steam of gaseous hydrocarbon (hydrocarbon gas) and pyrolysis gas, and solid product mainly is the metal (steel wire) in carbon black and the tire interlayer.
The condensation after cooling of hydrocarbon gas in the mixing steam forms liquid hydrocarbon (liquid hydrocarbon) and stores or be processed into the products such as gasoline, diesel oil, heavy oil, and pyrolysis gas then can enter reactor as the heat-source Cycles utilization that continues thermolysis.
Reactor bottom of the present invention connects dumping device, and this dumping device is for the carbon black of solid product being pulverized with steel wire and being separated.It mainly is comprised of condenser 6, housing 7, wheel hub 8 (6), electric actuator (2), separating machine 9, black collector 10 and metal collectors 11.
Separating machine (9) mainly is comprised of two transport units, top is a netted travelling belt, its sizing grid can make carbon black powder fall the travelling belt of bottom, and makes above steel wire stays, and two transport units connect respectively carbon black collector and metal collectors (11); This separating machine (9) is provided with seal valve with carbon black collector junction, and this metal collectors (11) is container-like, and inside is sealed by water; By insert seal valve and water to keep the sealed state of inside reactor.
Welded housing is made by plate stocking and section bar.Be equipped with in advance for water-cooled water tank on the laterally inclined wall of housing.All there is the fenestra with flange the upper and lower of housing, and it steams tank by spacer flanger according to cooling and dumping device (dumping device is not included in the pyrolysis oven mechanism) docks.
The structure of hub unit is also welded.Wherein be useful on the blade of transfers heat hydrolysis products.The wheel hub holder is as rolling bearing.Wheel hub is by water cooling, and the water in the wheel hub is discharged by independent water drain funnel.
Unloading mechanism is installed according to the respective frame of platen.Unloading mechanism is used for precomminution, cooling and the sealing (pyrolysis gas that prevents reactor leaks) of RESEARCH OF PYROCARBON.
Unloading mechanism consists of a cylinder driving and the sealed spiral propeller of circular cone by two coaxial spiral propellers.Spiral propeller is driven by rotary actuator, and this transmission mechanism comprises the Belt Drive device, turbine reduction box and chain device.Can select needed discharge rate by interchangeable belt pulley.Unloading mechanism directly connects cooling and steams tank.
The product of pyrolytic reaction output can divide three directions to continue processing:
1) vapour mixture is cooled to hydrocarbon liquid (liquid hydrocarbon), uncooled part (pyrolysis gas) is sent into gas-holder.Hydrocarbon liquid is sent into the warehouse, and pyrolysis gas is sent into gas-holder through overdraft: a part is personal for this technical process, and rest part is sold.
2) solid product is delivered to Receiving bin, packing or deliver to finished goods warehouse.
3) separate the carbon black that obtains and obtain well behaved gac through activating process.

Claims (1)

1. a device of processing junked tire comprises feeding unit, reactor, dumping device, it is characterized in that,
Described dumping device comprises condenser (6), housing (7), wheel hub (8), electric actuator, separating machine (9), carbon black collector (10) and metal collectors (11);
The opening for feed of described condenser (6) links to each other with the discharge port (3) of reactor;
The discharge port of described condenser (6) links to each other with the opening for feed of housing (7);
Wheel hub (8), separating machine (9) are in housing (7);
Wheel hub (8) is driven by electric actuator;
Wheel hub (8) bottom is separating machine (9);
Described separating machine (9) is made of two transport units in upper and lower, and the travelling belt of the transport unit on top is a netted travelling belt, and its sizing grid can make carbon black powder fall on the travelling belt of transport unit of bottom, and makes above steel wire stays;
The travelling belt of the transport unit on top is towards corresponding with it metal collectors (11) direction motion, so that described steel wire falls into corresponding with it metal collectors (11); Between described metal collectors (11) and housing by hydraulic seal;
The travelling belt of the transport unit of bottom seals by seal valve between described carbon black collector (10) and housing (7) towards corresponding with it carbon black collector (10) direction motion.
CN2008101024188A 2008-03-21 2008-03-21 Apparatus for treating waste and old tyres Expired - Fee Related CN101307151B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008101024188A CN101307151B (en) 2008-03-21 2008-03-21 Apparatus for treating waste and old tyres

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CN101307151A CN101307151A (en) 2008-11-19
CN101307151B true CN101307151B (en) 2013-04-10

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Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101585037B (en) * 2009-06-05 2011-05-18 上海绿人生态经济科技有限公司 Steel wire conveyor for recycling waste and old tire
CN102796550B (en) * 2012-06-20 2014-06-04 种传学 Cracking furnace for tire
ITRE20130061A1 (en) * 2013-08-09 2015-02-10 Sacmi METHOD AND DEVICE FOR THE REDUCTION OF SIDE DUST OF POWDER OF A POWDER LAYER THAT ADVANCES ON A MOBILE TRANSPORT SURFACE
CN103695020B (en) * 2013-12-13 2015-08-05 牛晓璐 A kind of junked tire cracking discharging technology and equipment
CN105400538B (en) * 2015-10-28 2017-04-12 贵州安泰再生资源科技有限公司 Method for preparing carbon black by processing waste tires by horizontal rotary cracking processor
CN105772498A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-07-20 贵州省环境科学研究设计院 Soil mercury removal air inflow control system
CN106318432A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-11 张新华 Solid material recovery system for thermal cracking of waste tires
CN106916601A (en) * 2017-03-29 2017-07-04 山东铂铠环保科技有限公司 A kind of apparatus and method of the junked tire pyrolysis low ash content low-sulfur carbon black of production
CN109837104B (en) * 2019-03-07 2021-04-30 李凤凌 Comprehensive utilization system for waste tire resources

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1391088A (en) * 2002-06-28 2003-01-15 浙江大学 Vetical cracking tower for cracking used tyre and recovering industrial carbon black and fuel oil
CN1758163A (en) * 2005-09-27 2006-04-12 任丽娟 Automatic control treatment equipment for waste tyre
WO2006119594A1 (en) * 2005-05-09 2006-11-16 Dimitar Nikolaev Kolev Method and installation for pyrolisis of tires
CN101108972A (en) * 2007-08-16 2008-01-23 陈金岳 Waste and old tire cracking device and cracking method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1391088A (en) * 2002-06-28 2003-01-15 浙江大学 Vetical cracking tower for cracking used tyre and recovering industrial carbon black and fuel oil
WO2006119594A1 (en) * 2005-05-09 2006-11-16 Dimitar Nikolaev Kolev Method and installation for pyrolisis of tires
CN1758163A (en) * 2005-09-27 2006-04-12 任丽娟 Automatic control treatment equipment for waste tyre
CN101108972A (en) * 2007-08-16 2008-01-23 陈金岳 Waste and old tire cracking device and cracking method thereof

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