CN101298761B - Reducing roller brush sweeper - Google Patents

Reducing roller brush sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101298761B
CN101298761B CN 200810044800 CN200810044800A CN101298761B CN 101298761 B CN101298761 B CN 101298761B CN 200810044800 CN200810044800 CN 200810044800 CN 200810044800 A CN200810044800 A CN 200810044800A CN 101298761 B CN101298761 B CN 101298761B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brush
vehicle frame
slag
dregs
sweeper
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 200810044800
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101298761A (en
Inventor
杨勇
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Chengdu Univeristy of Technology
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Chengdu Univeristy of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chengdu Univeristy of Technology filed Critical Chengdu Univeristy of Technology
Priority to CN 200810044800 priority Critical patent/CN101298761B/en
Publication of CN101298761A publication Critical patent/CN101298761A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101298761B publication Critical patent/CN101298761B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention relates to a sweeper provided with a variable-diameter roller brush, comprising a truck frame; a rotary shaft arranged on the truck frame; a plurality of retractable roller brushes formed by retractable supporting rods and brush heads which are evenly fixed on the rotary shaft; a guide rail arranged on the truck frame; sliding pins which are fixedly connected with the supporting rods, are used for cooperating with a guiding groove of the guide rail to realize straight working of brush heads to sweep ground and upper-inclined working of brush heads to sweep rubbish into a dregs-hopper; a dregs-guiding board articulated with the front edge of the dregs-hopper; one end of a link-rod mechanism is articulated with the dregs-hopper and the other end thereof is positioned in an affecting scope of a cam arranged on the rotary shaft. During a revolving process, the retractable roller brushes adopt the guide rail to realize the horizontal moving of the brush heads to sweep ground and to sweep dregs into the hopper so as to largely enhance the cleaning effect. Simultaneously, the cam link-rod mechanism can lead the dregs-guiding board to touch ground periodically so as to effectively reduce the wearing to the dregs-guiding board. The sweeper of the invention has the advantages that the design is proper; the mechanism is smart; the efficiency is high; the energy cost is low and the applicable sites are diverse.

Description

Reducing roller brush sweeper
Technical field
The radius that the present invention relates to refuse sweeping machinery, particularly round brush is changeable in running, so that brush is realized unenhanced and swept into total man worker, the full power of slag bucket or the refuse cleaning vehicle that partly manually drives.
Background technology
At present, a lot of major urban arterial highways all use the bulky refuse road-sweeper.This large-scale cleaning vehicle is generally the full power formula, and is or/and motor is power, underway take motor, motor rotates disk broom or cylinder broom by mechanical device, ground is formed the cleaning of rolling, simultaneously, supporting negative pressure pumping equipment is collected the dust of having swept.This large-scale cleaning vehicle has complex structure, cost is high, price is high, the problem that power consumption is large.As a whole, the brush strut of the round brush of conventional garbage road-sweeper such as Chinese patent literature CN1746430 (to disk broom, cylinder broom should be arranged), CN1624245 (banded disc brush), the disclosed use of CN1776107 (bristle rotating cylinder) is fixed, and the relative ground of round brush is tangent line contact movement (shown in the accompanying drawing 1).
Summary of the invention
Round brush is scalable to change the reducing roller brush sweeper of round brush radius, control cleaning stroke when the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of the cleaning.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: a kind of reducing roller brush sweeper, comprise vehicle frame, and be installed in wheel and slag bucket on the vehicle frame, rotating shaft is erected on the vehicle frame, uniformly in the rotating shaft is fixed with a plurality of scalable round brush that are comprised of telescopic pole and brush.
On the above-mentioned vehicle frame guide rail is installed, is fixedly connected with the sliding pin of realizing the brush linear running section of sweeping the floor or the linear running section of sweeping the floor and the target phase that is diagonal up as the gathering sill with guide rail acts on mutually on each telescopic pole.
Above-mentioned slag bucket is arranged on the rear position of brush rotation; Be hinged with slag-guiding plate on the bead before the slag bucket; The control device that also has slag-guiding plate Intermittent Contact ground: linkage one end and slag-guiding plate are hinged, and the other end is positioned at the sphere of action that is installed in the cam in the rotating shaft.
The present invention does following design aspect frame for movement:
1, the brush strut of round brush can stretch, and the flexible change round brush radius by control brush strut can be realized round brush in rotary course:
(1), the operation of brush straightway is swept the floor;
(2), the operation of brush straightway is swept the floor and is swept into slag bucket by the given trace operation.
2, slag-guiding plate kiss the earth and lift built on stilts intermittently.
The linear running section of sweeping the floor of brush and upwards operation sweep into that the slag bucket section can be by guide finger and exclusive guideway be used for realizing.The inventor is by the simulation to the actual scarfing cinder process of sweeping the floor, and ingehious design goes out exclusive guideway; Under the situation of four scalable round brush, matching design goes out to have the cam of four flanges, and a circle is rotated in rotating shaft, and round brush is finished the motion of sweeping the floor for four times, corresponding four the intermittent kiss the earths of slag-guiding plate.Certainly, the number of round brush also can be three or other number.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, is a kind of fully sweep the floor principle and implementation of innovation.Round brush by guide rail, is realized that brush is parallel to sweep the floor and sweep into the slag bucket action in rotation process, has greatly been improved the cleaning effect.
2, add overhead cam in identical rotating shaft, by linkage slag-guiding plate is intermittently contacted to earth, effectively prevent from shoveling the accumulation of rear rubbish and reduce wearing and tearing to slag-guiding plate.
3, mechanism is light and handy, rationally, and sweeping efficiency is high, and energy consumption is low, can be practically applicable to total man worker and drive, or full power (electronic or motor etc.) drives, or half power drives.
Domestic a lot of major urban arterial highways all use large-scale cleaning vehicle at present, and subsidiary road and some side street lanes are still hand sweeping.The present invention is small and exquisite flexibly, and applicable occasion is many, and institute's energy requirement is little, feasible process, simple, and low cost of manufacture, high efficiency has very large promotional value.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is common round brush motion key diagram;
Fig. 2 is that round brush of the present invention is realized the straightway schematic diagram of sweeping the floor;
Fig. 3 is that round brush of the present invention realizes that straightway sweeps the floor and sweep into the slag bucket schematic diagram by given trace;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the mechanical transmission structure of brush of the present invention and slag-guiding plate motion;
Fig. 5 is the stereogram of one embodiment of the invention (drive of half power);
Fig. 6 is the front view after example shown in Figure 5 is removed the car cover;
Fig. 7 is the top view after example shown in Figure 5 is removed the car cover.
The specific embodiment
In the accompanying drawing, 1, brush; 2, telescopic pole; 3, sliding pin; 4, guide rail; 5, motor; 6, car cover; 7, handspike; 8, trailing wheel; 9, cam; 10, linkage; 11, slag-guiding plate; 12, front-wheel; 13, vehicle frame; 14, slag bucket; 15, slag bucket lid; 16, the brush straight line section of sweeping the floor; 17, sweep into the slag bucket target phase.
Shown in Fig. 5 is that the present invention is the specific design example of half power traction type.Among Fig. 5, wheel is comprised of two front-wheels 12 and two trailing wheels 8; Motor 5 is installed on the vehicle frame 13, and the output shaft of motor connects through shaft coupling with rotating shaft.Be provided with handspike 7 on the vehicle frame 13.
Referring to Fig. 4, this novel vehicle frame 13 that comprises is equipped with slag bucket 14 on the vehicle frame, and rotating shaft is erected on the vehicle frame 13, uniformly in the rotating shaft is fixed with a plurality of scalable round brush that are comprised of telescopic pole 2 and brush 1; Guide rail 4 is installed on the vehicle frame 13, is fixedly connected with on each strut and realizes the brush linear running section of sweeping the floor and the sliding pin 3 that rubbish is swept into the obliquely target phase of slag bucket 14 as acting on mutually with the gathering sill of guide rail 4; Slag bucket 14 is arranged on the rear position that brush rotates (rear of namely travelling); Slag-guiding plate 11 is hinged on the slag bucket 14 front beads, and linkage 10 1 ends and slag bucket are hinged, and the other end of linkage 10 is positioned at the sphere of action of the cam 9 that is installed in the rotating shaft.Scalable round brush is three or four (can be three, four or other number); The corresponding flange that is evenly equipped with three or four rounding ofves on the cam.Linkage 10 is three-link mechanism.Brush 1 is the rectangle brush.Be provided with slag bucket lid 15 on the slag bucket 14, be provided with car cover 6 on the vehicle frame.Two front-wheels 12 and two trailing wheels 8 are installed on the vehicle frame; Motor 5 is installed on the vehicle frame 13, and the output shaft of motor connects through shaft coupling with rotating shaft.
Above-mentioned telescopic pole can be inserted in the cylindrical shell by the built-in spring of cylindrical shell, round bar and consist of.The mounted angle of slag-guiding plate is less than 45 °.
Bead is curved to connect with the ground kiss before the slag-guiding plate, and the slag-guiding plate both sides can fill backplate.
In the round brush rotary course, by stretching of guide rail 4 control telescopic poles 2, the operation of realization brush straightway is swept the floor and on request rubbish is swept into slag bucket.Round brush in rotation, the rotation of band moving cam 9, cam rotarily drive linkage 10 motions, make slag-guiding plate 11 when sweeping into rubbish the end near ground, built on stilts At All Other Times.In this example: round brush is by driven by motor, and car body is by Manual-pushing.In addition, it can be designed to full power formula or full manual mode (namely manually by handle rotating shaft is rotated and realize cleaning) entirely.
Other embodiment explanation: only need the guide groove of guide rail is made respective design, can be under the mating reaction of sliding pin, make brush in a rotation period, realize a linear running section of sweeping the floor or realize a linear running section of sweeping the floor after add a purpose that bits is swept into the obliquely target phase of slag bucket.
Bits are swept into slag bucket except adopting the slag-guiding plate mode, also can adopt other suction.

Claims (6)

1. reducing roller brush sweeper, comprise vehicle frame (13), be installed in wheel and slag bucket (14) on the vehicle frame, it is characterized in that: rotating shaft is erected on the vehicle frame (13), uniformly in the rotating shaft is fixed with a plurality of scalable round brush that are comprised of telescopic pole (2) and brush (1);
Guide rail (4) is installed on the described vehicle frame (13), is fixedly connected with the sliding pin (3) of realizing the brush linear running section of sweeping the floor or the linear running section of sweeping the floor and the target phase that is diagonal up as the gathering sill with guide rail (4) acts on mutually on each telescopic pole (2);
Described slag bucket (14) is arranged on the rear position of brush rotation; Be hinged with slag-guiding plate (11) on the front bead of slag bucket (14); The control device that also has slag-guiding plate (11) Intermittent Contact ground: linkage (10) one ends and slag-guiding plate (11) are hinged, and the other end is positioned at the sphere of action of the cam (9) that is installed in the rotating shaft;
Described linkage (10) is three-link mechanism.
2. described reducing roller brush sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described scalable round brush is three or four; The upper correspondence of cam (9) is evenly equipped with the flange of three or four rounding ofves.
3. described reducing roller brush sweeper according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described brush (1) is the rectangle brush.
4. described reducing roller brush sweeper according to claim 3 is characterized in that: be provided with slag bucket lid (15) on the described slag bucket (14), be provided with car cover (6) on the vehicle frame (13).
5. described reducing roller brush sweeper according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described wheel is comprised of two front-wheels (12) and two trailing wheels (8); Motor (5) is installed on the vehicle frame (13), and the output shaft of motor connects with rotating shaft through shaft coupling.
6. described reducing roller brush sweeper according to claim 5 is characterized in that: be provided with handspike (7) on the described vehicle frame (13).
CN 200810044800 2008-06-26 2008-06-26 Reducing roller brush sweeper Expired - Fee Related CN101298761B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200810044800 CN101298761B (en) 2008-06-26 2008-06-26 Reducing roller brush sweeper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200810044800 CN101298761B (en) 2008-06-26 2008-06-26 Reducing roller brush sweeper

Publications (2)

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CN101298761A CN101298761A (en) 2008-11-05
CN101298761B true CN101298761B (en) 2013-02-13

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105769057A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-07-20 桐城市慧琦工贸有限公司 Novel sweeper
CN107049152A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-08-18 苏州爱普电器有限公司 Stirring brush for floor cleaning device
CN108071089B (en) * 2017-12-11 2019-04-26 湖南亿尚清洁工程有限公司 A kind of pulley type cleaning agency
CN110338717B (en) * 2019-08-06 2021-08-31 山东浩睿智能科技有限公司 Mopping device and environmental sanitation equipment
CN111270634A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-06-12 安徽安康塑业有限公司 Variable sweeping brush assembly

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2711228Y (en) * 2004-06-14 2005-07-20 杨智敏 Road sweeping vehicle
CN2780823Y (en) * 2005-04-08 2006-05-17 李树贵 Improved cleaning head of road sweeper
CN201024398Y (en) * 2007-02-09 2008-02-20 王华影 Semi-automatic environmental protection apparatus for road
CN201053112Y (en) * 2007-04-05 2008-04-30 卫家宣 Reciprocating strip-shape broom electric cleaning machine
CN201232175Y (en) * 2008-06-26 2009-05-06 成都理工大学 Reducing rolling brush cleaning car

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2711228Y (en) * 2004-06-14 2005-07-20 杨智敏 Road sweeping vehicle
CN2780823Y (en) * 2005-04-08 2006-05-17 李树贵 Improved cleaning head of road sweeper
CN201024398Y (en) * 2007-02-09 2008-02-20 王华影 Semi-automatic environmental protection apparatus for road
CN201053112Y (en) * 2007-04-05 2008-04-30 卫家宣 Reciprocating strip-shape broom electric cleaning machine
CN201232175Y (en) * 2008-06-26 2009-05-06 成都理工大学 Reducing rolling brush cleaning car

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Effective date of registration: 20090206

Address after: Three Sichuan city of Chengdu province Chenghua District Erxian Qiaodong No. 1

Applicant after: Chengdu University of Technology

Address before: Three Sichuan city of Chengdu province Chenghua District No. 25 Beiyuan Erxian Qiaodong Building No. 405

Applicant before: Yang Yong

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130213

Termination date: 20170626