CN101293485B - Transportation means external connection electrical apparatus electric power management mode and apparatus - Google Patents

Transportation means external connection electrical apparatus electric power management mode and apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101293485B
CN101293485B CN 200710097564 CN200710097564A CN101293485B CN 101293485 B CN101293485 B CN 101293485B CN 200710097564 CN200710097564 CN 200710097564 CN 200710097564 A CN200710097564 A CN 200710097564A CN 101293485 B CN101293485 B CN 101293485B
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vehicle
3n
external
voltage
battery
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CN 200710097564
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101293485A (en )
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张益诚
王锦树
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杰生自动技术有限公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L3/00Electric devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes; Monitoring operating variables, e.g. speed, deceleration, power consumption
    • B60L3/0023Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train
    • B60L3/0046Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train relating to electric energy storage systems, e.g. batteries or capacitors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L1/00Supplying electric power to auxiliary equipment of vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L2250/00Driver interactions
    • B60L2250/16Driver interactions by display
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles

Abstract

The invention relates to a management method used for managing the power of an external electric apparatus of a traffic tool and a device thereof. The method includes the steps of managing according to a power utilization priority, limiting current, transforming voltage, interlocking protocol, controlling a switch artificially and monitoring remote-control, etc. The device implementing the methodcomprises: a protective circuit used for protecting the external electric apparatus as well as the circuit and the component of the device; a voltage current detecting circuit used for detecting a voltage and a circuital current; a main controller used for analyzing an input signal and generating a signal; at least one group of switches used for connecting or cutting off each external power apparatus; at least one group of lines used for the limiting current or the transforming voltage of each external power apparatus; at least one group of switches which can be controlled by an operator; a timer used for setting the time; a display used for displaying states; a buzzer used for sounding and a communication unit used for communication, thereby avoiding the power exhaust of a battery causedby the power consumption of the external power apparatus from anchoring and even affecting the safety, thus being convenient for a user.

Description

一种交通工具外接电器电力管理方式及其装置 An external, electrical power management, and transport means

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及的是一种交通工具如车辆、船舶的供用外接电器的电力管理方法及其装置,特别涉及的是一种管理以引擎或以电力为动力的交通工具(如车辆、船舶)的外接电器的电力管理方法及其装置,以管理外接电器的用电,予使用者便利并避免因电池电力耗竭造成交通工具无法使用的不便与安全问题,进一步可防止电池因经常耗竭产生过早老化。 [0001] The present invention relates to a vehicle such as a vehicle, the power management method and apparatus for a ship with an external appliance, and in particular relates to an engine management or electrically powered vehicle (e.g., vehicle, ship ) power management method and apparatus of external appliances to manage external electrical appliances, to user convenience and to avoid the inconvenience and safety issues due to battery power depletion caused by vehicles can not be used to prevent further depletion produced a battery due to frequent early aging.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 现代人类对于车辆、船舶等交通工具的依赖性愈来愈高,伴随科技进步,各种电器体积重量已大幅缩小,耗电量也降低,因此愈来愈多的车辆、船舶使用者将行动计算机、 DVD、LCD电视、音响、照明灯、冰箱、露营用电器、导航仪、游戏机等外接电器携入车辆、船舶内使用;更如警车、消防车、救护车、运钞车、货运车、巴士等特用车辆,常装置数字录像、 GPS、GPRS、通讯设备等许多的外接电器。 [0002] Modern humans dependence of transport vehicles, ships and other higher and higher, along with scientific and technological progress, appliances has significantly reduced the volume weight, power consumption is also reduced, so more and more vehicles, ships user the mobile computers, DVD, LCD TV, stereo, lights, refrigerator, camping appliances, navigation systems, game consoles and other external electrical vehicles brought into use within the ship; more like police cars, fire engines, ambulances, armored car, freight cars, buses and other special vehicles, often a digital video recording, GPS, GPRS, communications equipment and many other external appliance. 这些外接电器具有用电需求不规格化(如限制电流或使用电压范围不同等)、使用条件不同(如使用时机、时间长短、人员启动等)、连动协议(Hand-shaking,例如切断电力供应前先输出信号,使外接电器先关机,接到已关机信号在切断电力供应)、监控或遥控等。 These external appliances have not normalized power demand (e.g., using different limit current or voltage range, etc.), different conditions of use (e.g., use of time, the length of time, personnel, etc. start), the interlocking protocol (Hand-shaking, cutting off the power supply e.g. before the first output signal to an external appliance first off, shutdown signal has been received at the cut off power supply), or remote monitoring and so on.

[0003] 当外接电器陆续装入车辆、船舶内使用,这些外接电器用电不接受交通工具的操控计算机所管理,在有限的电力供应下,如果没有妥善的管理外接电器用电,将会使电池电力耗尽,造成行车的安全与不便;更因外接电器造成电力过量使用,电池经常处在低电位甚至耗干,电池寿命缩短,影响正常使用,此情形在电动车辆尤为明显。 [0003] When an external electrical load of the vehicle after another, the use of a ship, which does not accept external electrical power vehicle control computer management, under limited power supply, if there is no proper management of external electrical power, will make battery power is depleted, resulting in safety and inconvenience of traffic; more due to external electrical power caused by excessive use, often in low-potential battery consumption even dry, shorter battery life, affect the normal use, this situation is particularly evident in electric vehicles. 因此发展方便有效的电力管理,不但提高使用者便利,更能提高行车的安全性。 Therefore, the development of convenient and effective power management, not only to improve user convenience, can enhance traffic safety.

[0004] 虽然部份车辆或船舶具有发电机(或外部电源、太阳能发电),但当车用电器与外接电器耗电量大于电力来源发电机所产生的发电量时,或车辆熄火发电机不再产生电能时,外接电器只能由电池组提供电力,因此管理电量使用则为当务的急。 When [0004] Although part of the vehicle or vessel having a generator (or external power, solar power), but when the vehicle electrical appliance with an external source of power than the power generation amount of power generated by the generator, the generator does not turn off the vehicle or when re-generate electricity only external electrical power provided by a battery pack, the management of power usage compared to when traffic emergency. 此情形也发生在有些车辆与船舶具有太阳能发电为电力来源,但当这些外部电力来源供应中断或不足, 也需要管理电器的电量使用。 This situation also occurs in some vehicles and ships with solar power as a source of electricity, but these external source of power supply disruption or shortage, but also need to manage the electrical power usage. 现有技术为管理车内用电美国专利6,111,731号与美国专利5,327,068号,提供范例提出当引擎停止后,立即或一段时间即切离电池的电力供应的范例,这些技术虽可以符合交通工具在停止引擎后不再需要用电力的需求,但对于继续使用电器时,仍需要有电池电力管理装置以进行电力管理,以确保电池有足够的电力可以供动载具能再启动或行进至下个电力供应站,却是相当必要的。 Is a prior art electric vehicle management U.S. Patent No. 6,111,731 and U.S. Patent No. 5,327,068, provide examples presented later when the engine is stopped, i.e., a time or immediately cut the sample from a battery power supply, these although the technology can meet the vehicle after stopping the engine no longer need to use the demand for electricity, but when continued use of electrical appliances, there remains a need for battery power management device power management, to ensure that the battery has enough power can be used for moving vehicles can restart or travel to the next power supply station, but it is quite necessary. 再如美国专利5,945,808对于汽电混合动力车辆的电池组提出充电管理,但并未提出接在电池组的电器的用电管理方法或装置;另如中国台湾省专利公开号200619919是提出在电器内部的电源管理方法与装置,如车用计算机系统在停车时设法降低其耗电量,也欠缺对外接电器用电管理与电池组的充电与要求的放电管理;进如中国台湾省专利M288997,是提出外接电器的电力管理方法与装置,但对于各外接电器欠缺以优先次序用电管理,使用者在使用上不能根据外接电器需求,依优先次序关闭外接电器电源,是仍有功能的不足。 Another example is US Patent 5,945,808 proposes charging management for the gas-electric hybrid vehicle battery pack, but did not make electricity management methods or devices connected to the electrical battery pack; others, such as Taiwan Province of China Patent Publication No. 200 619 919 is power management method and apparatus proposed in the interior of the appliance, such as a vehicle trying to reduce the power consumption in the parking system computer, but also the lack of charge and discharge management requires an external electrical power management of the battery pack; into as Taiwan Province of China Patent No. M288997, a power management method and apparatus proposed external collector, but missing for each collector to an external power management priorities, the user can not, in priority order according to power off the external collector in the use of external electrical demand is still function deficiencies. [0005] 因此,发展一个能整合所有外接电器,以限制电流、转换电压、可连动协议、可由人为开关、具有用电优先次序为电力管理的方法与装置,将是使用者迫切需要的。 [0005] Accordingly, a development of any external appliances can be integrated, in order to limit current, voltage conversion, can be linked protocol switch may be human, having a method and apparatus for the electric power management of priorities, the user will be urgently needed.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明主要目的为提供交通工具上外接电器用电的电力管理方法及其装置,以对交通工具电池电力进行放电与充电管理,避免因电池电力耗竭造成交通工具无法使用的不便与安全问题,进一步可防止电池因经常耗竭产生过早老化,予使用者便利。 [0006] The main object of the present invention to provide a power management method and apparatus of the vehicle on an external electrical power to charge and discharge of a vehicle battery power management, to avoid the vehicle battery power depletion caused inconvenience and safety can not be used issue, to prevent further depletion of the battery due to frequent premature aging, convenient to the user.

[0007] 为实现上述目的,本发明采用的技术方案在于,首先提供一种交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其是管理具有载具电池供电给外接电器使用的交通工具,所述的电力管理方法包含以下步骤: [0007] To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the technical solution that the first external collector to provide a vehicle power management method, which is a power management method for managing a battery-powered vehicle to the vehicle using an external appliance, according to comprising the steps of:

[0008] 根据至少一组外接电器用电需求,分别设定载具电池对各外接电器的供电优先次序; [0008] According to at least a group of external electrical power demand, vehicle batteries are set priorities for each external electrical power supply;

[0009] 在交通工具启动、行驶与交通工具停靠间,截取回路的电压或电压与电流数值,根据回路电压或电压与电流变化情形判断交通工具具有载具电池以外的电力来源时,则输出信号对外接电器进行电力供应或停止供应的电力管理; [0009] In the vehicle start, between traveling with the vehicle stops, interception of voltage or current value of the loop, it is determined the vehicle according to the circuit voltage or current changes in the situation has a vehicle power source other than a battery, then the output signal an external electrical power supply or were to stop supplying power management;

[0010] 在交通工具启动、行驶与交通工具停靠间,截取回路电压或电压与电流数值,根据回路电压或电压与电流变化情形判断交通工具不具备载具电池以外的电力来源提供电力时,如果电压数值高于载具电池可供电的最低电压时,则输出信号对外接电器进行电力供应或停止供应的电力管理,并比对各外接电器的供电优先次序需求,若优先次序需求条件满足,则输出信号对外接电器进行电力供应或停止供应的电力管理; When [0010] In the vehicle start, between traveling with the vehicle stops, interception circuit voltage or the voltage and current value, according to circuit voltage or the voltage and current variation case determines the vehicle is not provided with a power source vehicle battery other than to provide power, if when a voltage higher than the lowest voltage value of battery-powered vehicle, the output signal for an external electrical power supply or stop the supply of power management, and power demand of each external priorities than collector, if priorities demand condition is satisfied, the output signal of an external electrical power supply or were to stop supplying power management;

[0011] 在交通工具启动、行驶与交通工具停靠间,截取回路电压或电压与电流数值,如果电压数值低于载具电池可供电的最低极限电压时,则输出信号停止由载具电池供电给外接电器。 [0011] In starting the vehicle, and the vehicle stops traveling between the intercept circuit voltage or the voltage and current value, if the voltage value is below the minimum time limit voltage battery-powered vehicle, the output signal to the battery is stopped by a carrier having external appliances.

[0012] 其次提供一种交通工具外接电器电力管理装置,其是通过上述交通工具电池电力管理方法实现的,其是连接在载具电池与一组或多组外接电器之间,与载具电器相并联,其特征在于:其包含:一用以侦测回路电压电流的电压电流侦测电路;一用以接收电压电流侦测电路的电压电流数值并判断控制结果的主控制器;一用以接收主控制判断结果而将所述的结果转换为输出控制信号的输出控制器;至少一组用以接收输出控制器而对外接电器供电开或关的开关; [0012] Next is provided a vehicle external electrical power management device, which is achieved by the above-described vehicle battery power management method, which is connected between the vehicle battery and the external appliances one or more groups, and the carrier collector in parallel, characterized in that: it comprises: a voltage-current detection circuit detects loop voltage to current; voltage and current values ​​for a current detection circuit receives a voltage determination and the result of the main controller controls; for a receiving a determination result to the main control of the result of converting the output controller to output a control signal; at least one group for receiving the output of the controller and power supply switching on or off of an external electrical;

[0013] 其中,所述的电压电流侦测电路,其为可侦测回路的电压或电压与电流数值,以将电压或电压与电流侦测的数值信号送至主控制器; [0013] wherein the voltage of the current detection circuit, which is or can detect a voltage value of voltage and current circuit to a voltage value or a voltage signal and the current detection is sent to the main controller;

[0014] 其中,主控制器其特征为可接收电压电流侦测电路的电压或电压与电流侦测的数值信号,并用以判断载具电池的电力状况,将判断结果以信号送至输出控制器; [0014] wherein, wherein the main controller may receive a signal voltage or a value of voltage and current detection voltage and current detection circuit, and used to determine the carrier power condition of the battery, the determination result signal to the output controller ;

[0015] 其中,输出控制器连接在至少一组开关,其接收主控制器的判断结果的信号,转换为控制信号输出给至少一组开关;并还根据外接电器的供电需求,在输出信号给开关时,同步或不同步输出连动协议信号给外接电器; [0015] wherein the output controller connected to at least a set of switches, which received the determination result signal of the main controller, into a control signal to switch at least one group; and further in accordance with an external demand for electrical power in the output signal to switch, synchronized or not the output signal to the external interlocking protocol collector;

[0016] 其中,至少一组开关则以缆线连接在载具电池与至少一组外接电器之间,所述开关是对应在外接电器,以接收输出控制器的信号,对外接电器进行开或关的动作。 [0016] wherein at least a set of switches connected between the cable places the battery carrier and at least one group of external electrical, corresponding to the switch is in an external appliance to receive the output signal of the controller, an external electrical opens or off action.

8附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION 8

[0017] 图1是本发明的实施例一的交通工具电池电力管理装置示意图; [0017] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a power management apparatus embodiment of the invention the vehicle battery;

[0018] 图2是本发明的实施例一的交通工具电池电力管理装置示意图; [0018] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a power management apparatus embodiment of the invention the vehicle battery;

[0019] 图3是本发明的实施例一的交通工具电池电力管理装置示意图; [0019] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a power management apparatus embodiment of the invention the vehicle battery;

[0020] 图4是本发明的实施例二的交通工具电池电力管理装置示意图; [0020] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a vehicle power management apparatus according to a second embodiment of the present invention, a battery;

[0021] 图5是本发明的实施的电池电力管理设定流程示意图; [0021] FIG. 5 is a battery power management setting process embodiment of the present invention, a schematic view;

[0022] 图6是本发明的实施例二与三的电池电力供电方法流程示意图; [0022] FIG. 6 is a flowchart of a method embodiment of the battery power supply of the present invention with two schematic three;

[0023] 图7是本发明的实施例三的电池电力管理设定流程示意图。 [0023] FIG. 7 is a battery power management setting process of the three embodiments of the present invention. FIG.

[0024] 附图标记说明:1_载具电池;2-载具电器;31〜3N-外接电器;3Z-通讯机;4_本发明实施例装置;401-备用电池;402-开关;403-过电压低电压保护电路;404-电压电流侦测电路;405-主控制器;406-定时器;407-蜂鸣器;408-显示器;409-输出控制器; 4101〜4ION-开关;411-输出口设定器;4121〜4122-电流限制电路;4123〜412N-电压转换与电流限制电路;4131〜413N-开关;414-通讯单元;Vm-主电池1电压;Vb-备用电池401电压;VHH-回路最高极限电压;VLL-回路最低极限电压;VLm-载具电池1可供电的最低极限电压;Vcutml〜VcutmN-各外接电器在载具电池1可供电的截止电压; Tcutml〜TcutmN-各外接电器在载具电池1可供电的时间;VLb-备用电池401可供电的最低极限电压;Vcutbl〜VcutbN-各外接电器在备用电池401可供电的截止电压;Tcutbl〜 TcutbN-各外接电器在备用电池401可供电的时间;Tset-计时 [0024] REFERENCE NUMERALS: 1_ vehicle battery; 2- collector carrier; 31~3N- external collector; 3Z- communication unit; 4_ embodiment of an apparatus according to the present invention; backup battery 401; 402- switch; 403 - an overvoltage protection circuit low voltage; voltage and current detection circuit 404; a main controller 405; 406- timer; 407- buzzer; a display 408; 409 output controller; 4101~4ION- switch; 411 - output setter; 4121~4122- current limiting circuit; 4123~412N- voltage converter with current limiting circuit; 4131~413N- switch; 414- communication unit; Vm- voltage of the main battery 1; 401 backup battery voltage Vb - ; highest VHH- loop limit voltage; VLL- loop lowest limit voltage; VLm- carrier lowest limit voltage of the battery 1 can be powered; Vcutml~VcutmN- each external electrical cut-off voltage in the vehicle battery can supply 1; Tcutml~TcutmN- each external electrical battery in a vehicle may be powered time; VLb- lowest limit voltage of the auxiliary battery 401 can be powered; Vcutbl~VcutbN- respective external electric device in the off-voltage auxiliary battery 401 may be powered; Tcutbl~ TcutbN- external electric device in each backup battery 401 may supply time; Tset- timing 时间;Tsetm-载具电池1可供电时间;Tsetb-备用电池401可供电时间。 Time; Tsetm- carrier 1 may be battery powered time; Tsetb- backup battery 401 may supply time.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0025] 以下结合附图,对本发明上述的和另外的技术特征和优点作更详细的说明。 [0025] conjunction with the drawings, the above and other features and advantages of the present invention will be described in more detail.

[0026] 交通工具如车辆或船舶,当正常行驶时,可能具有载具电池1以外的发电电力来源(如车辆船舶的发电机可提供电力来源、或太阳能等其它产生电力供应为电力来源),对各外接电器31〜3N提供电力使用,此时电力来源尚不致缺乏;但当电力不足或发电机停止(如停靠后关闭发电机,或如太阳能等其它产生电力供应的发电电力来源停止)时,仅由载具电池1供应电力,这些外接电器31〜3N将耗费有限的电力,如果缺乏电力管理将造成电力耗尽等情形;此时除外接电器不能使用,更将影响交通工具无法再启动、或无法再行进、 且电池耗尽影响使用寿命。 [0026] The vehicle of the vehicle or vessel, when the normal driving, the carrier may have a source of power other than the power generation cell 1 (e.g., vehicles, ships and generators may provide power sources, or solar power supply and other electric power generating source), However, when the generator stops or shortage of power (e.g., a generator shut down after the stop, such as solar or other source of electric power generator for generating electric power supply is stopped); providing an external electrical power usage for each 31~3N, this time not caused by lack of the electric power source , with only a battery power is supplied by the carrier, which will take the external electrical 31~3N limited power, the power management will result in the absence of situations such as power runs; connected to the equipment can not be used, except this time, but will not affect the vehicle restart , or can no longer travel, and the battery life is depleted influence.

[0027] 为说明各外接电器的供给电力的优先次序,以优先次序三个等级为例,但不限制在分成三个等级;第三级优先次序的外接电器属于优先层次最低的供电电器,当电力不足时,优先将第三级优先次序的外接电器停止其供电;而第一级优先次序的外接电器属于最优先供电电器,此类外接电器为最后停止供电的电器;可由载具使用者依重要性选择的。 [0027] To illustrate the prioritization of the respective external electrical power supplied to prioritize three levels, for example, but not limited to being divided into three levels; third level priority external electrical power supply belonging to the lowest priority level appliances, when power shortage, priority will be the third stage of the priorities of its external electrical power supply is stopped; and the first level of priorities among the most priority external electrical power appliances, such as the last stop external electrical power supply appliances; by the carrier according to the user the importance of choice.

[0028] 各外接电器以下列为实施例,以利说明: [0028] The following respective external collector as Example Explanatory notes:

[0029] 外接电器31 :以导航仪为例,使用电压为12VDC、限制最高电流2A,设有连动协议, 当导航仪开机或关机时,需要将信号送至本发明交通工具外接电器电力装置4,使显示器409或开关4131显示导航仪为开机或关机状态,其为第三级优先次序的电器,本发明管理方法所设定为停靠发电机不再供电(或发电电力来源停止供电)继续而由载具电池1供电半小时后关闭供给电力,即外接电器31在载具电池1可供电的时间为半小时(Tcutml =0. 5hr.);或当载具电池1电压低于11. 5V时则关闭供给电力、即外接电器31在载具电池1 可供电的最低电压为11. 5V(Vcutml = 11. 5V);不由备用电池401供电; [0029] External collector 31: to navigation, for example, using a voltage of 12VDC, the maximum current limit. 2A, in conjunction with the protocol, when the navigation device on or off, according to the present invention requires the signal to external electrical vehicle power apparatus 4, the switch 4131 causes the display 409 or the display of navigation on or off state, the collector of the third stage priorities, set management method of the present invention is not to stop the generator power (generated power or the power source is stopped) continue after the battery with the carrier and feeding off a half-hour power supply, the external collector 31 at the time the carrier 1 may be battery powered for half an hour (Tcutml = 0 5hr..); or when the vehicle is lower than the battery voltage 11. 5V power is supplied is closed, i.e., the lowest voltage of the external charger 31 in the carrier 1 may be battery powered to 11. 5V (Vcutml = 11. 5V); help 401 backup battery power;

[0030] 外接电器32 :以卫星电视为例,使用电压为12VDC、限制最高电流3A,其为第二级优先次序的电器,本发明管理方法所设定的Tcutm2 = 2hr.、Vcutm2 = 11. 0V、若载具电池1不再供电后,改由备用电池401继续供电时,此电器可再继续使用0. 5小时,即外接电器32在备用电池401可供电的时间为半小时(Tcutb2 = 0. 5hr.)、当备用电池401 电压低于11. OV时则关闭供给电力、即外接电器32在备用电池401可供电的最低电压为11. OV (Vcutb2 = 11. 0V); [0030] 32 External appliances: satellite TV, for example, using a voltage of 12VDC, the maximum current limit 3A, which is a second level priority appliances, management method of the present invention set Tcutm2 = 2hr, Vcutm2 = 11.. 0V, if the vehicle 1 is no longer powered battery, proceed replaced by a backup battery power supply 401, the appliance can continue to use 0.5 hours, the external electrical power supply 32 may be 401 times the half-hour backup battery (Tcutb2 = . 0. 5hr), when the backup battery 401 voltage is lower than 11. OV power supply is turned off, i.e., the external collector 32 may be a minimum voltage of the backup battery 401 to provide power to 11. OV (Vcutb2 = 11. 0V);

[0031] 外接电器33 :以后座娱乐系统为例,使用电压为24VDC转换为110VAC、限制最高直流电流5A,其为第二级优先次序的电器,本发明管理方法所设定的Tcutm3 = lhr.、Vcutm3 =11. 0V,不由备用电池401供电; [0031] External collector 33: After the seat entertainment systems as an example, using the voltage of 24VDC is converted to 110VAC, limiting the maximum DC current. 5A, which is the second stage priority appliances, management method of the present invention set Tcutm3 = lhr. , Vcutm3 = 11 0V, not by backup battery power 401.;

[0032] 外接电器3M :以数字录像设备为例,使用电压为24VDC、限制最高电流3A,其为第一级优先次序的电器,本发明管理方法所设定的TcutmM = 2hr.、VcutmM = 11. 0V、TcutbM =lhr.、VcutbM= 11.5V,但所述的电力关闭时要延时3分钟才切断开关410M的电力输出; 数字录像设备的供电状态可透由通讯机传至行控中心以监控,而行控中心也可令其供电开机或停止供电而关机的遥控; [0032] External electrical 3M: a digital video recording device, for example, using a voltage of 24VDC, the maximum current limit 3A, which is a first stage priority appliances, management method of the present invention set TcutmM = 2hr, VcutmM = 11. .. 0V, TcutbM = lhr, VcutbM = 11.5V, but to delay the closing of the power off three minutes before the power output of the switch 410M; digital video apparatus power supply state may be transmitted through the line by the communication unit to the control center monitoring, control center and the line may be allowed to start or stop the power supply and shut down the power supply of the remote control;

[0033] 外接电器3N :以行动计算机设备为例,使用电压为24VDC、限制最高电流5A,其为第一级优先次序的电器,本发明管理方法所设定的TcutmN = 2. 5hr.、VcutmN = 11. 0V、 TcutbN = 1. 5hr.、VcutbN = 11. OV ;另设有连动协议,当行动计算机开机或关机时,需要将信号送至本发明交通工具外接电器电力管理装置4,使显示器409或开关413N显示行动计算机为开机或关机状态;且在所述的电力关闭前要先送出协议信号,使行动计算机关闭软件与硬件系统,并延时5分钟才切断开关410N的电力输出;而在所述的电力开启前要先送出协议信号,使行动计算机先开启硬件系统与软件系统; [0033] External electrical 3N: Action computer equipment, for example, using a voltage of 24VDC, the maximum current limit. 5A, a first stage which is a priority appliances, management method of the present invention set TcutmN = 2. 5hr, VcutmN. = 11. 0V, TcutbN = 1. 5hr, VcutbN = 11. OV;. interlocking with another protocol, when the mobile computer is turned on or off, according to the present invention requires the signal to external electrical vehicle power management apparatus 4, so that a display switch 409 or 413N computer display action on or off state; and before the power off signal is first protocol sent the mobile computer software and hardware systems to close and cut off delay 5 minutes before the power output of the switch 410N; but before sending the first power-up protocol signal to first open the mobile computer hardware and software systems;

[0034] 对于载具电器2 (如车灯、空调、音响)的外的外接电器31〜3N,以各电器需求进行用电管理的本发明交通工具外接电器电力管理方法及其装置,以一个具有发电机的交通工具与另二个没有发电机的电动交通工具为实施例说明其特征和优点: [0034] For the outer external electrical 31~3N carrier device 2 (such as lights, air conditioning, audio), the present invention will be managed at each of the electrical power needs of the vehicle external electrical power management method and apparatus, to a vehicle having a generator and an electric generator without the other two vehicles to illustrate embodiments and advantages thereof wherein:

[0035] <实施例一>、市内巡游电动车的外接电器电力管理 [0035] External electrical power management <first embodiment>, the city electric vehicle parade

[0036] 本实施例是以仅有载具电池、没有备用电池与辅助动力的电动车为例; [0036] The present embodiment is only the carrier cells, no backup battery and electric cars, for example the auxiliary power;

[0037] 载具电池组1 :一组24VDC、144AH,具有正极与负极输出、VHm = 27. 0V, VLm = 21. OV ; [0037] The battery pack 1 carrier: a group of 24VDC, 144AH, having a positive and a negative output, VHm = 27. 0V, VLm = 21. OV;

[0038] 为外接电器用电安全,设定VHH = 32V、VLL = 9V ; [0038] Electrical power for the external security setting VHH = 32V, VLL = 9V;

[0039] 本实施例如城市内巡游电动车,其动力与外接电器只依赖载具电池组为主动力来源,因为没有发电机、备用电池或太阳能等辅助电力供给其它电力,若没有适当的电力管理,巡游电动车常因电力耗尽而抛锚在路途上。 [0039] In the present embodiment, for example, urban parade electric motor vehicle having an external electrical power depends only on the main vehicle battery power source, because there is no other power generator, a solar battery backup or other auxiliary power supply electric power, without proper power management parade of electric cars often broke down due to power depletion on the road.

[0040] 为说明本发明的外接电器电力管理装置,请参阅图1,所述的装置是连接在载具电池1与一组或多组外接电器31〜3N之间,并联在载具电器2,包含:电压电流侦测电路404、 主控制器405、一组或多组开关4101〜410N、输出控制器409及其连接的电路;其中,载具电池1经由缆线连接在电压电流侦测电路404,电压电流侦测电路404用以侦测回路的电压电流;电压电流侦测电路404将电压电流侦测信号送至主控制器405 ;主控制器405将判断结果以信号送至输出控制器409 ;输出控制器409连接控制一组或多组开关4101〜410N ; 一组或多组开4101〜410N则以缆线连接在载具电池1与一组或多组外接电器31〜3N之间;输出控制器409则经过信号比对与判断后,送出信号至对应在外接电器31〜3N的开关4101〜410N,用以对外接电器31〜3N改变供电状态。 [0040] To illustrate an external electrical power management apparatus according to the present invention, please refer to FIG. 1, the device is connected between the battery 1 and a carrier or more sets of external electrical 31~3N, the carrier device 2 is connected in parallel comprising: a voltage current detection circuit 404, the main controller 405, one or more sets switches 4101~410N, and an output circuit connected to the controller 409; wherein the carrier 1 via a cable connected to the battery voltage detected at a current circuit 404, voltage-current voltage detection circuit 404 for detecting the current loop; voltage and current detection circuit 404 detects the voltage and current signal to the main controller 405; a main controller 405 outputs the determination result to the control signal 409; output controller 409 is connected to control switch 4101~410N one or more groups; one or more groups 4101~410N open places in the cable connector 1 with one or more sets of external electrical vehicle battery 31~3N Room; output controller 409 via the signal ratio after the judgment, a signal is sent to the corresponding external electrical switches in the 31~3N 4101~410N, 31~3N to an external electrical power supply state change.

[0041] 兹说明本发明应用在本实施例外接电器电力管理方法如下: [0041] Application of the present invention is hereby described method of power management exceptions connected to the equipment in the present embodiment is as follows:

[0042] 根据各外接电器使用的优先次序,在主控制器405设定外接电器31〜3N的供电优先次序,即设定外接电器在载具电池1可供电的截止电压Vcutml〜VcutmN ; [0042] The priority among the external collector used in the main controller 405 sets the power supply external electrical 31~3N priority order, i.e., set off an external electrical voltage Vcutml~VcutmN the carrier 1 may be battery powered;

[0043] 根据各外接电器使用的连动协议需求,先在输出控制器409设定,输出控制器409 要变更对应的外接电器改变供电状态时,先接收或送出信号给所述的外接电器; [0043] The interlocking protocol requirements of each external collector used when the first output controller 409 is set, the output controller 409 changes corresponding to an external electrical power supply state changes, a signal is sent or received prior to the external collector;

[0044] 根据各外接电器使用的条件,先在输出控制器409设定,输出控制器409要变更对应的外接电器改变供电状态时,使各对应的开关4101〜410N具有延时关闭的功能,使开关4101〜410N在命令关闭时,可延时所设定的时间改变电力输出。 [0044] The condition of each external collector used when the first output controller 409 is set, the output controller 409 changes corresponding to an external electrical power supply state change, each having a corresponding switch 4101~410N delay off function, when the switch command 4101~410N closed, you can delay the set time changing the power output.

[0045] 供电管理程序,如图2、图4 ; [0045] The power management program, as shown in FIG 2, FIG 4;

[0046] 侦测回路电压是否高于VHH,如果电压高于VHH则令输出控制器409关闭开关4101〜〜410N ;侦测回路电压是否低于VLL,如果电压低于VLL则令输出控制器409关闭开关4101〜410N ; If [0046] VHH is higher than the voltage detection circuit, if the voltage VHH is higher than the order output controller 409 closes the switch 4101; the detection circuit whether the voltage is below VLL, if the voltage VLL is lower than the order output controller 409 off switch 4101~410N;

[0047] 侦测载具电池1的电压,若电压高于VLm,且若电压到达第一个截止电压(Vcutml〜VcutmN)则关闭对应的开关4101〜410N,若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器2设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关;若电压到达第二个截止电压(Vcutml〜VcutmN)则关闭对应的开关4101〜410N,若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器2设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关; [0047] The carrier detect voltage of the battery 1, when the voltage is higher than VLm, and off when the voltage reaches a first voltage (Vcutml~VcutmN) corresponding to the closed switch 4101~410N, if the switch is set delay are closed (such as an external electrical power supply 2 is provided off delay), to delay the closing time reaches the switch; off if the voltage reaches the second voltage (Vcutml~VcutmN) corresponding switch is closed 4101~410N , if the switch is set off by a delay (such as an external electrical power supply 2 is provided with delay off), the delay to switch off when the time is reached;

[0048] 侦测载具电池1的电压,若电压低于VLm则关闭载具电池1供电的外接电器(如外接电器31与33)的对应的开关(如开关4101与开关4103),若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器32设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关; [0048] The carrier detect voltage of the battery 1, is turned off when the voltage is lower than the carrier VLm 1 battery-powered external appliances (such as an external collector 31 and 33) of the corresponding switch (e.g., switch 4101 and switch 4103), if the said switch is set off by a delay (such as an external electrical power supply 32 is provided off delay), to delay the closing time reaches said switch;

[0049] 若开关4131〜413N被人为启动(关闭),则对其对应的开关4101〜410N进行改变开关状态; [0049] When the start switch is artificially 4131~413N (off), then changes its switching state corresponding switching 4101~410N;

[0050] 若外接电器31〜3N设有连动协议时,在所述的对应的开关变更状态者,先输出信号至所述的外接电器; [0050] If an external electrical 31~3N agreement with the interlocking, the corresponding switch changes state by said first output signal to said external electrical;

[0051] 若判断交通工具重新充电,则管理程序重新复归。 [0051] If it is determined to recharge the vehicle, then the management program again reset.

[0052] 对本实施例的外接电器在只有载具电池1为为主电力来源,透过本发明的管理方法及其装置,实施的作动如下述: [0052] External electrical embodiment of the present embodiment only in the main carrier of the battery power source 1 through the management method and apparatus according to the present invention, the embodiment of the actuator as follows:

[0053] 本发明的装置的主控制器405经由电压电流侦测电路404侦测与比对后,当回路电压高于VHH(或低于VLL)时,则主控制器405令输出控制器409关闭全部的开关4101〜 410N,此为保护外接电器的措施; [0053] The main controller unit 405 of the present invention via the current detection circuit 404 detects the voltage and aligned, when the loop voltage is higher than VHHs (or below VLL), the main controller 405 so that controller 409 outputs turn off all the switches 4101~ 410N, this is a measure to protect the external electrical appliances;

[0054] 若主控制器405判断交通工具已启动,则开始对外接电器31〜3N正常供电;当交通工具启动后,对于各外接电器31〜3N的电力供应则进入Vcutml〜VcutmN管理;若载具电池1耗尽或供电时间到达时,则停止电力供应; [0054] When the main controller 405 determines the vehicle is started, starts the normal power supply external electrical 31~3N; when the vehicle starts, for each of the external electrical power supply 31~3N proceeds Vcutml~VcutmN management; If the carrier when powered with the battery 1 is exhausted or time is reached, the power supply is stopped;

[0055] 在本实施例的外接电器中,交通工具使用者设定停车后导航仪为第三优先用电, 属于最不重要用电,可设定截止电压最高,为优先停止供电;卫星电视与后座LED灯光音响等娱乐系统为第二优先用电,为第二阶段关闭;数字录像设备与行动计算机设备则由交通工具使用者设定为最优先供电设备,当载具电池1耗尽时停止供应。 [0055] In the present embodiment, the external collector, the vehicle after the user sets the parking navigation system is a third electricity, electricity among the most important, may be set up to cut-off voltage, stops the power supply to priority; satellite LED lighting rear seat audio entertainment system is a second power for a second phase of closing; digital video device and the mobile computer device user by the vehicle power supply apparatus is set to the highest priority, when the vehicle battery is exhausted 1 stop supply.

[0056] <实施例二>、电动车外接电器的电力管理 [0056] <Second Embodiment>, electric vehicle external electrical power management

[0057] 本实施例是以装有载具电池1,但没有外界供电来源(例如没有太阳能电力供应) 与备用电池401的电动车为例; [0057] The present embodiment is provided with a battery carrier, but no external power source (e.g., solar power is not supplied) to the electric vehicle auxiliary battery 401 as an example;

[0058] 载具电池组1 :一组24VDC、144AH,具有正极与负极输出、VHm = 27. 0V, VLm = 21. OV ; [0058] The battery pack 1 carrier: a group of 24VDC, 144AH, having a positive and a negative output, VHm = 27. 0V, VLm = 21. OV;

[0059] 为外接电器用电安全,设定VHH = 32V、VLL = 9V ; [0059] Electrical power for the external security setting VHH = 32V, VLL = 9V;

[0060] 由于以电力为主动力来源,没有发电机或其它电力供应来源供给电力,其电力管理更为重要;载具电池1计时时间则根据载具电池1电量正常可供电的时间设定,在本实施例中,外接电器总瓦特数为372W,电池正常可供外接电器使用的电量为18%、即622W,则载具电池1最高使用时间可设为Tsetm = 1. 6小时。 [0060] Since the main power source of power, not the generator or other power supply source to supply electric power, which power management is more important; carrier timer time the battery 1 Battery 1 The carrier may be a normal power supply time setting, in the present embodiment, the total wattage of external electrical 372w, external electrical power for normal battery used was 18%, i.e. 622W, the carrier cell may be set to a maximum time Tsetm = 1. 6 hours.

[0061] 本实施例的交通工具外接电器电力管理装置如图2,说明本发明应用在电动交通工具外接电器电力管理方法如下: [0061] The present vehicle external electrical power management device of the embodiment in FIG. 2, the present invention is described in the application of an external electric vehicle electrical power management method is as follows:

[0062] 外接电器设定,如图5,详细说明 [0062] Electric external setting, FIG. 5, described in detail

[0063] 根据载具电池1与备用电池401容量,设定定时器406的Tsetm计时时间; [0063] The carrier of the battery capacity and a backup battery 401, timer set time of the timer 406 Tsetm;

[0064] 根据载具电池1与备用电池401容量,各外接电器使用时间的需求,设定定时器406的Tcutml〜TcutmN此为各外接电器的最大使用时间; [0064] The carrier 1 and the battery capacity backup battery 401, an external electrical needs of each time, setting the timer Tcutml~TcutmN 406 This is the maximum use time of each external collector;

[0065] 根据各外接电器使用的优先次序,设定输出口设定器411的各输出口的在载具电池1可供电的截止电压Vcutml〜VcutmN ; [0065] The priority among the external collector used to set output setting device of each output port 411 in the carrier 1 may be powered off battery voltage Vcutml~VcutmN;

[0066] 根据各外接电器使用的限制电流,设定输出口设定器411使趋动电流限制电路4121〜电压转换电路与电流限制电路412N,对应在各输出口的最大电流限制; [0066] The limiting current of each external electrical use, set the output port 411 is set so that the current limiting circuit 4121~-driven voltage conversion circuit and the current limiting circuit 412N, at the maximum current limit corresponding to the respective output port;

[0067] 根据各外接电器使用的电压转换需求,设定输出口设定器411使趋动电压转换电路与电流限制电路4123〜电压转换电路与电流限制电路412N,设定对应在各输出端口的输出电压范围; [0067] The voltages of the converter needs external electrical use, set the output port 411 is set so that the voltage-driven converter circuit and a current limiting circuit 4123~ voltage conversion circuit and the current limiting circuit 412N, is set in the corresponding port output output voltage range;

[0068] 根据各外接电器使用的连动协议需求,设定输出口设定器411,可改变输出控制器409的连动协议输出时机,输出控制器409要变更对应的外接电器改变供电状态时,先接收或送出信号给所述的外接电器;根据各外接电器使用的条件,设定输出口设定器411,可改变输出控制器409的延时数值,输出控制器409要变更对应的外接电器改变供电状态时,使各对应的开关4101〜410N具有延时关闭/开启的功能,使开关4101〜410N在命令关闭/开启时,可延时所设定的时间改变电力输出; When [0068] The external interlocking protocol requirements of each use appliance is set to set the output port 411, the controller can change the output timing of the interlocking protocol output, the output controller 409 to change 409 corresponding to the external electrical power supply state change , sending or receiving a first signal to said external collector; according to the conditions of each electrical external use, set the output port set 411, may change the delay value of the output of the controller 409, output controller 409 to change the corresponding external when electrical power supply state change, each having a corresponding switch 4101~410N open delay off function /, when the command switch 4101~410N off / on, can delay the set time changing the power output;

[0069] 根据各外接电器使用的监控需求,设定输出控制器409的监控时机,输出控制器409要变更对应的外接电器改变供电状态时,同步或不同步送出信号给通讯单元411 ; When [0069] The monitoring requirements of each external electrical use, set the output timing controller monitors the output 409 of the controller 409 to be changed corresponding to an external electrical power supply state change, synchronized or not a signal is sent to the communication unit 411;

[0070] 供电管理程序,如图4、图6 ; [0070] The power management program, as shown in FIG 4, FIG 6;

[0071] 侦测回路电压是否高于VHH,如果电压高于VHH则令输出控制器409关闭开关4101〜410N ;侦测回路电压是否低于VLL,如果电压低于VLL则令输出控制器409关闭开关4101 〜410N ; If [0071] VHH is higher than the voltage detection circuit, if the voltage VHH is higher than the output of the controller 409 closes the switch so 4101~410N; whether the detected voltage is below VLL circuit, if the voltage VLL is lower than the order output controller 409 Close switch 4101 ~410N;

[0072] 交通工具电力启动后,定时器406开始计时,计时Tset,若TsetCTsetm,由载具电池1对外接电器31〜3N管理供电;[0073] 侦测载具电池1的电压,若电压高于VLm,且若电压到达第一个截止电压(Vcutml〜VcutmN)则关闭对应的开关4101〜410N,若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器2设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关;若电压到达第二个截止电压(Vcutml〜VcutmN)则关闭对应的开关4101〜410N,若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器2设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关; [0072] After the vehicle starts power, the timer 406 starts counting, timing Tset is, if TsetCTsetm, the carrier cell 1 external electrical power management 31~3N; [0073] 1 detects the voltage of the battery carrier, when the voltage is high in VLm, and off when the voltage reaches a first voltage (Vcutml~VcutmN) corresponding to the closed switch 4101~410N, if the switch is closed there is a delay persons (such as an external electrical power supply 2 is provided off delay) , to delay the closing time reaches said switch; off if the voltage reaches the second voltage (Vcutml~VcutmN) corresponding to the closed switch 4101~410N, if the switch is set off by a delay (e.g. 2 is provided with an external electrical power supply off delay), the delay to switch off when the time is reached;

[0074] 根据定时器的Tset计时,若Tset到达第一个截止时间(Tcutml〜TcutmN)则关闭对应的开关4101〜410N,若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器2设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关;若Tset到达第二个截止时间(Tcutml〜 TcutmN)则关闭对应的开关4101〜410N,若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器32 设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关; [0074] The timing of the timer Tset, if Tset reaches the first deadline (Tcutml~TcutmN) corresponding to the closed switch 4101~410N, if the switch is set off by a delay (e.g., the external device 2 is provided there is a delay power off), the latency time to reach the closing said switch when; if Tset reaches the second cut-off time (Tcutml~ TcutmN) corresponding to the closed switch 4101~410N, if the switch is set Close by the delay (such as an external electrical power supply 32 is provided with delay off), the delay to switch off when the time is reached;

[0075] 侦测载具电池1的电压,若电压低于VLm则关闭载具电池1供电的外接电器(如外接电器31与33)的对应的开关(如开关4101与开关4103),若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器32设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关; [0075] The carrier detect voltage of the battery 1, is turned off when the voltage is lower than the carrier VLm 1 battery-powered external appliances (such as an external collector 31 and 33) of the corresponding switch (e.g., switch 4101 and switch 4103), if the said switch is set off by a delay (such as an external electrical power supply 32 is provided off delay), to delay the closing time reaches said switch;

[0076] 侦测备用电池401的电压,若电压高于VLb,且若电压到达第一个截止电压(Vcutbl〜VcutbN)则关闭对应的开关4101〜410N,若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器32设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关;若电压到达第二个截止电压(Vcutbl〜VcutbN)则关闭对应的开关4101〜410N,若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器32设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关...; [0076] The backup battery voltage detector 401, if the voltage is higher than VLb, and when the voltage reaches a first cut-off voltage (Vcutbl~VcutbN) corresponding to the closed switch 4101~410N, if the switch is set delay Close person (such as an external electrical power supply 32 is provided with delay off) when closing said, the delay to the switching time is reached; off if the voltage reaches the second voltage (Vcutbl~VcutbN) corresponding to the closed switch 4101~410N, if the switch is set off by a delay (such as an external electrical power supply 32 is provided with delay off), the delay to switch off the time reaches ...;

[0077] 若开关4131〜413N被人为关闭,则对其对应的开关4101〜410N进行改变为关闭状态;若开关4131〜413N被人为启动,则检查其供电条件,若供电条件满足(如时间、电压在可供电范围时),则对其对应的开关4101〜410N进行改变为开启状态; [0077] When the switch is artificially 4131~413N closed, the closed state thereof changes corresponding switch 4101~410N; 4131~413N if the switch is artificially activated, it checks the power supply conditions, when the power supply condition (such as time, when the power supply voltage range may be), then the state changes to open its corresponding switch 4101~410N;

[0078] 若外接电器31〜3N设有连动协议时,在所述的对应的开关变更状态者,先输出信号至所述的外接电器; [0078] If an external electrical 31~3N agreement with the interlocking, the corresponding switch changes state by said first output signal to said external electrical;

[0079] 在各开关4101〜410N变更状态时,根据设定在蜂鸣器407发出警告声、或在显示器408发出状态显示、或经通讯单元414对通讯机3Z发出信号; [0079] When the respective switching state 4101~410N changed based on the set 407 to sound a warning buzzer, or a display in the status display 408 emits, via the communication unit or the communication unit 414 pairs 3Z signals;

[0080] 若判断交通工具重新充电,则管理程序重新复归。 [0080] If it is determined to recharge the vehicle, then the management program again reset.

[0081] 说明本发明的交通工具外接电器电力管理装置4,如图5,应用在电动交通工具的实施例如下: [0081] DESCRIPTION vehicle external electrical power management apparatus 4 according to the present invention, FIG. 5, in the electric vehicle application embodiment are as follows:

[0082] 交通工具外接电器电力管理装置4,是并联在载具电池1连接在各外接电器31〜 3N;包含:电压电流侦测电路404,是用以侦测供电回路的电压电流并送给主控器405进行数据处理;过电压低电压保护电路403可在回路电压过高或过低时,切断回路以保护外接电器31〜3N的安全;主控制器405将判断结果以信号送至输出控制器409 ;输出控制器409则经过信号比对与判断后,送出信号至对应在外接电器31〜3N的开关4101〜410N, 用以对外接电器31〜3N改变供电状态;定时器406则提供供电时间Tset,经由主控器405 比对供电时间Tsetm或Tcutml〜TcutmN是否到达,如时间到达则对所述的外接电器31〜 3N的对应开关4101〜410N进行开或关;输出口设定器411,可设定各外接电器31〜3N的用电需求,如设定当载具电池1供电时的使用时间Tcutml〜TcutmN、设定当载具电池1供电时的截止电压Vcutml〜V [0082] Electric vehicle external power management apparatus 4, is connected in parallel with the battery carrier is connected to a respective external electrical 31~ 3N; comprising: a voltage current detection circuit 404, is used to detect voltage and current to the power supply circuit and 405 master data processing; over-voltage protection circuit 403 may be a low voltage in the circuit when the voltage is too high or too low, to protect the safety stop circuits external electrical 31~3N; a main controller 405 to signal the determination result to an output controller 409; output controller 409 via the signal ratio after the judgment, a signal is sent to the corresponding external electrical switches in the 31~3N 4101~410N, to an external electrical power supply state change 31~3N; timer 406 provides time Tset is powered, the master 405 via the power supply match or Tcutml~TcutmN Tsetm time reaches, as the arrival time corresponding to the external electrical switch according to the 31~ 3N 4101~410N be on or off; outlet setter 411, may be set for each of the external electrical power demand 31~3N, such as when a set time when a vehicle battery feeding Tcutml~TcutmN, set off when the voltage of the vehicle battery when Vcutml~V feeding cutmN,即相当在各外接电器31〜3N的供电优先次序;设定各外接电器31〜3N的限制电流,避免所述的电器输入的电流过高损坏其电器;设定各外接电 cutmN, i.e. quite priorities in each of the external supply of electrical 31~3N; external collector current limit setting each 31~3N avoid the electrical current is too high damage its electrical input; set for each external power

13器31〜3N的输入电压,即设定电压转换的范围,以符合所述的电器使用;设定各外接电器31〜3N的连动协定;设定各外接电器31〜3N的关闭延时时间,即设定所述的对应的开关4101〜410N在所设定的延时时间到达后,才关闭对应的开关;主控制器405可趋动蜂鸣器407或显示器408,在电力管理时产生声响或显示以提醒交通工具使用者,在4101〜410N 进行开或关时,送出信号给通讯单元414,以送至通讯机3Z对外通讯。 13 31~3N input voltage, i.e. the voltage conversion range is set to conform to the use of the appliance; setting an external electrical linkage Agreements 31~3N; the setting of each of the external collector off delay 31~3N when the master controller 405 or 407 may be a buzzer-driven display 408 in the power management; time, i.e., the corresponding switch set 4101~410N after the set delay time arrives, the corresponding switch is not closed generating sound or display to alert the user to the vehicle, when carried out on or off signal 414 sent to the communication unit to the communication unit to the external communications 3Z in 4101~410N.

[0083] 对本实施例的外接电器在只有电池为主电力来源而不具有发电机的交通工具,透过本发明的管理方法及其装置,实施的作动如下述: [0083] external electrical embodiment according to the present embodiment only in the battery-based power generator having a source without a vehicle, through the management method and apparatus according to the present invention, the embodiment of the actuator as follows:

[0084] 本发明的装置的主控制器405经由电压电流侦测电路404侦测与比对后,当回路电压高于VHH(或低于VLL)时,则主控制器405令输出控制器409关闭全部的开关4101〜 410N,此为保护外接电器的措施,可由过电压低电压保护电路403或主控制器405分别单独完成,本实施例则为二者兼备; [0084] The main controller unit 405 of the present invention via the current detection circuit 404 detects the voltage and aligned, when the loop voltage is higher than VHHs (or below VLL), the main controller 405 so that controller 409 outputs Close all the switches 4101~ 410N, this is a measure to protect the external collector, by the overvoltage protection circuit 403 or the low voltage main controller 405 are done separately, both compared with the present embodiment both;

[0085] 若主控制器405判断交通工具已启动,则开始对外接电器31〜3N正常供电,并开始计时,若计时时间在Tsetm内或载具电池1电力未降至设定点时,供电回路经由电流限制电路4121或电压转换与电流限制电路412N,提供符合外接电器31〜3N输入的电流限制与电压转换范围,如本实施例中,行动计算机设备为使用电压为24VDC、限制最高电流5A ; When [0085] the main controller 405 determines if the vehicle is started, starts the normal power supply external electrical 31~3N, and start timing, if the measured time or within Tsetm vehicle battery power is not reduced to a set point, the power supply circuit via the current limiting circuit 4121 and the current limiting or voltage conversion circuit 412N, provides current limiting and voltage range that corresponds to the external electrical conversion 31~3N input, as in this embodiment, the mobile computing device using a voltage of 24VDC, limiting the maximum current of 5A ;

[0086] 当交通工具启动后,对于各外接电器31〜3N的电力供应则进入设定使用时间Tcutml〜TcutmN或Vcutml〜VcutmN管理;此设定时间功能可进一步设定为,当交通工具停止后,在所设定的时间开启电源使用外接电器,例如此可应用在停车后三小时后开启数字录像机录像二小时后再关闭供电; [0086] When the vehicle starts, for each of the external electrical power supply 31~3N time it is the setting or Vcutml~VcutmN Tcutml~TcutmN management; this setting time can be further feature set, when the vehicle is stopped turn on the power at the set time using an external appliance, for example this can be applied in turn after three hours after stopping the digital VCR for recording two hours then turn off the power;

[0087] 在本实施例的外接电器中,交通工具使用者设定停车后导航仪为第三优先用电, 属于最不重要用电,可设定使用时间最短或截止电压最高,为优先停止供电;卫星电视与后座娱乐系统为第二优先用电,为第二阶段关闭;数字录像设备与行动计算机设备则由交通工具使用者设定为最优先供电设备,当载具电池1耗尽时才停止供应; [0087] In the present embodiment, the external collector, the vehicle after the user sets the parking navigation system is a third electricity, electricity among the most important, the shortest time can be set on or off the maximum voltage, stop priority power; satellite rear seat entertainment system is a second power for a second phase of closing; digital video device and the mobile computer device user by the vehicle power supply apparatus is set to the highest priority, when the vehicle battery is exhausted 1 only stop the supply;

[0088] 由于交通工具使用者对数字录像设备与行动计算机设备设有延时时间,即时间到达或电压降至设定值时,分别延时3分钟或5分钟才使开关410M或开关410N关闭供电; [0088] Since the delay time of the vehicle user is provided with the digital video recording device and mobile computer equipment, i.e. time reaches a set value or voltage drops, respectively, delay 3 minutes or 5 minutes before the switch 410M or 410N off switch powered by;

[0089] 对于导航仪与行动计算机设备则另设有连动协议,当导航仪开机或关机时,由主控制器405将开机或关机信号送至显示器408与蜂鸣器407,进一步更可送至通讯机3Z对外通知;行动计算机设备在所述的电力关闭前要先送出协议信号,使行动计算机关闭软件与硬件系统;而在所述的电力开启前要先送出协议信号,使行动计算机先开启硬件系统与软件系统。 [0089] For mobile navigation with the another computer device in conjunction with the protocol, when the navigation device on or off, by the master controller to turn on or off signal to the display 408 and the buzzer 407 405, can be sent even more 3Z machine communication to external circular; mobile computer device sends first protocol signal before turning off the power of the computer is shut down operations software and hardware systems; and before the power is turned on first sent protocol signal, the first mobile computer open hardware and software systems.

[0090] 对于数字录像设备则另设有通讯需求,当数字录像设备的电力供应改变时,由输出口设定器411将开机或关机信号送至通讯单元411,并由通讯单元411转换为通讯码后送给通讯机3Z对行控中心通讯。 [0090] For digital video recording apparatus is further provided with communications demand, when the power supply of the digital video apparatus changes, the output port 411 is set to turn on or off signal to the communication unit 411, the communication by the communication unit 411 is converted to after the code is sent to the communication line machine control center communications 3Z right.

[0091] <实施例三>、休旅车的外接电器电力管理 [0091] External electrical power management <Third Embodiment>, SUV's

[0092] 本实施例是以一装有引擎带动的发电机、载具电池1与备用电池401的休旅车为例; [0092] The present embodiment is provided with a generator driven by the engine, and a vehicle battery backup battery 401 SUV example;

[0093] 载具电池组1 : 一组12VDC、72AH,具有正极与负极输出、VHm = 13. 5V、VLm = 10. 5V ; [0093] The carrier of the battery pack 1: a group of 12VDC, 72AH, having a positive and a negative output, VHm = 13. 5V, VLm = 10. 5V;

[0094] 备用电池组401 :—组12VDC、34AH,具有正极与负极输出、VHb = 13. 5V、VLb =11. OV ; [0094] The spare battery packs 401: - Group 12VDC, 34AH, having a positive and a negative output, VHb = 13. 5V, VLb = 11 OV;.

[0095] 为外接电器用电安全,设定VHH = 16V、VLL = 9V ; [0095] Electrical power for the external security setting VHH = 16V, VLL = 9V;

[0096] 本实施例的交通工具外接电器电力管理装置如图3,载具电池1计时时间则根据载具电池1电量正常可供电的时间设定,在本实施例中,外接电器总瓦特数为372W,电池正常可供外接电器使用的电量为70%、即600W,则载具电池1最高使用时间可设为Tsetm = 1. 6小时。 [0096] The present vehicle external electrical power management device of the embodiment in FIG. 3, the carrier timer time the battery 1 Battery 1 The carrier may be a normal power supply time setting, in the present embodiment, the total number of external electrical watts 372w is, the battery is normal for an external electrical power used was 70%, i.e. 600W, the carrier cell may be set to a maximum time Tsetm = 1. 6 hours.

[0097] 备用电池401计时时间则根据备用电池401电量正常可供电的时间设定,在本实施例中,外接电器总瓦特数为200W,电池正常可供外接电器使用的电量为75%、即300W,则备用电池401最高使用时间可设为Tsetb = 1. 5小时。 [0097] The auxiliary battery 401 according to the measured time 401 backup battery power supply time may be properly set in the present embodiment, the total wattage of 200W external appliance, the battery is normal for an external electrical power used was 75%, i.e., 300W, the backup battery 401 can be set up time Tsetb = 1. 5 hours.

[0098] 兹说明本发明的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法如下: [0098] DESCRIPTION hereby vehicle external electrical power management method of the present invention is as follows:

[0099] 外接电器设定,如图5 [0099] Electric external setting, as shown in FIG 5

[0100] 根据载具电池1与备用电池401容量,设定定时器406的Tsetm与Tsetb计时时间; [0100] The carrier capacity of the battery 1 and the auxiliary battery 401, the timer 406 is set with Tsetb Tsetm timing period;

[0101] 根据载具电池1与备用电池401容量,各外接电器使用时间的需求,设定定时器406的Tcutml〜TcutmN与Tcutbl〜TcutbN计时时间,此为各外接电器的最大使用时间; [0101] The carrier 1 and the battery capacity backup battery 401, an external electrical needs of each time, and sets the timer Tcutml~TcutmN Tcutbl~TcutbN timing period 406, this is the maximum use time of each external collector;

[0102] 根据各外接电器使用的优先次序,设定输出口设定器411的各输出口的在载具电池1可供电的截止电压Vcutml〜VcutmN与各外接电器在备用电池401可供电的截止电压Vcutbl 〜VcutbN ; [0102] The use of priority among the external appliance is set for each output port an output port 411 is set in the carrier of the battery 1 can be powered off of an external electrical voltage Vcutml~VcutmN with battery backup 401 may be powered off voltage Vcutbl ~VcutbN;

[0103] 根据各外接电器使用的限制电流,设定输出口设定器411使趋动电流限制电路4121〜电压转换电路与电流限制电路412N,对应在各输出口的最大电流限制; [0103] The limiting current of each external electrical use, set the output port 411 is set so that the current limiting circuit 4121~-driven voltage conversion circuit and the current limiting circuit 412N, at the maximum current limit corresponding to the respective output port;

[0104] 根据各外接电器使用的电压转换需求,设定输出口设定器411使趋动电压转换电路与电流限制电路4123〜电压转换电路与电流限制电路412N,对应在各输出端口的输出电压范围; [0104] According to the needs of an external electrical voltage converter used to set the output port 411 is set so that the voltage-driven converter circuit and a current limiting circuit 4123~ voltage conversion circuit and the current limiting circuit 412N, the output voltage corresponding to the respective output port range;

[0105] 根据各外接电器使用的连动协议需求,设定输出口设定器411,可改变输出控制器409的连动协议输出时机,输出控制器409要变更对应的外接电器改变供电状态时,先接收或送出信号给所述的外接电器;根据各外接电器使用的条件,设定输出口设定器411,可改变输出控制器409的延时数值,输出控制器409要变更对应的外接电器改变供电状态时,使各对应的开关4101〜410N具有延时关闭/开启的功能,使开关4101〜410N在命令关闭/开启时,可延时所设定的时间改变电力输出; When [0105] The external interlocking protocol requirements of each use appliance is set to set the output port 411, the controller can change the output timing of the interlocking protocol output, the output controller 409 to change 409 corresponding to the external electrical power supply state change , sending or receiving a first signal to said external collector; according to the conditions of each electrical external use, set the output port set 411, may change the delay value of the output of the controller 409, output controller 409 to change the corresponding external when electrical power supply state change, each having a corresponding switch 4101~410N open delay off function /, when the command switch 4101~410N off / on, can delay the set time changing the power output;

[0106] 根据各外接电器使用的监控与遥控需求,设定输出控制器409的监控与遥控时机,输出控制器409要变更对应的外接电器改变供电状态时,同步或不同步送出信号给通讯单元411 ;或,通讯单元411收到通讯机3Z传入的命令时,送出信号给输出控制器409,由输出控制器409变更对应的外接电器改变供电状态; [0106] According to the needs of remote monitoring and external electrical appliances is set to monitor the output signal to the controller 409 and the remote communication unit time, the output controller 409 changes corresponding to an external electrical power supply state changes, synchronous or asynchronous delivery 411; or, when the communication unit 411 receives the communication unit 3Z incoming commands, the controller 409 sends a signal to the output, the output controller 409 changes the corresponding external electrical power supply state change;

[0107] 供电管理程序,如图6、图7 ; [0107] Power manager, 6, 7;

[0108] 侦测回路电压是否高于VHH,如果电压高于VHH则令输出控制器409关闭开关4101〜410N ;侦测回路电压是否低于VLL,如果电压低于VLL则令输出控制器409关闭开关4101 〜410N ; If [0108] VHH is higher than the voltage detection circuit, if the voltage VHH is higher than the output of the controller 409 closes the switch so 4101~410N; whether the detected voltage is below VLL circuit, if the voltage VLL is lower than the order output controller 409 Close switch 4101 ~410N;

[0109] 若判断交通工具若正常运行且发电机提供电力,开启开关402对备用电池401充电;对外接电器31〜3N正常供电;[0110] 若判断交通工具发电机已经停止,不再由发电机供电,则关闭开关402停止对备用电池401充电,而由载具电池1对外接电器31〜3N管理供电; [0109] If it is judged if the vehicle running and the generator to provide power switch 402 is turned on to charge the auxiliary battery 401; 31~3N normal external electrical power supply; [0110] When the vehicle generator has stopped is determined, not by the generating machine power switch 402 is turned off to stop charging the backup battery 401, the battery 1 by the carrier 31~3N external electrical power management;

[0111] 定时器406开始计时,计时Tset,若TsetCTsetm,由载具电池1对外接电器31〜 3N管理供电; [0111] Timer 406 starts counting, timing Tset is, if TsetCTsetm, the battery 1 by the carrier 31~ 3N external electrical power management;

[0112] 侦测载具电池1的电压,若电压高于VLm,且若电压到达第一个截止电压(Vcutml〜VcutmN)则关闭对应的开关4101〜410N,若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器32设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关;若电压到达第二个截止电压(Vcutml〜VcutmN)则关闭对应的开关4101〜410N,若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器32设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关; [0112] carrier detect voltage of the battery 1, when the voltage is higher than VLm, and off when the voltage reaches a first voltage (Vcutml~VcutmN) corresponding to the closed switch 4101~410N, if the switch is set delay are closed (such as an external electrical power supply 32 is provided off delay), to delay the closing time reaches said switch; off if the voltage reaches the second voltage (Vcutml~VcutmN) corresponding switch is closed 4101~410N , if the switch is set off by a delay (such as an external electrical power supply 32 is provided with delay off), the delay to switch off when the time is reached;

[0113] 根据定时器的Tset计时,若Tset到达第一个截止时间(Tcutml〜TcutmN)则关闭对应的开关4101〜410N,若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器32设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关;若Tset到达第二个截止时间(Tcutml〜 TcutmN)则关闭对应的开关4101〜410N,若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器32 设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关; [0113] The timing of the timer Tset, if Tset reaches the first deadline (Tcutml~TcutmN) corresponding to the closed switch 4101~410N, if the switch is set off by a delay (such as an external collector 32 disposed there is a delay power off), the latency time to reach the closing said switch when; if Tset reaches the second cut-off time (Tcutml~ TcutmN) corresponding to the closed switch 4101~410N, if the switch is set Close by the delay (such as an external electrical power supply 32 is provided with delay off), the delay to switch off when the time is reached;

[0114] 侦测载具电池1的电压,若电压低于VLm则关闭开关402停止由载具电池1对外接电器31〜3N供电并开启备用电池401回路对外接电器31〜3N供电;重新开始计时与执行2. 3. 2. 1开始的各程序;此时不由载具电池1供电的外接电器(如外接验器31与33) 则无电力继续供应(或对应的开关4101与4103则关闭);若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者,则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关; [0114] carrier detect voltage of the battery 1, when the voltage is lower than the VLm off switch 402 is stopped by the carrier cell 1 31~3N external electrical power supply and backup battery 401 open loop 31~3N external electrical power supply; restart 2. timing of the respective programs executed starting 2.1; in this case not by a battery-powered vehicle external appliances (such as an external test 31 and 33) continue to supply no power (or the corresponding switches 4101 and 4103 turn off ); if the switch is set off by a delay, the delay to switch off when the time is reached;

[0115] 若Tset尝Tsetm,则关闭开关402停止由载具电池1对外接电器31〜3N供电并开启备用电池401回路对外接电器31〜3N供电,重新开始计时Tset ; [0115] When Tset taste Tsetm, the switch 402 is turned off to stop power supply from the vehicle battery 1 31~3N external electrical circuit and opening the auxiliary battery 401 31~3N external electrical power to restart timing Tset;

[0116] 侦测备用电池401的电压,若电压高于VLb,且若电压到达第一个截止电压(Vcutbl〜VcutbN)则关闭对应的开关4101〜410N,若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器2设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关;若电压到达第二个截止电压(Vcutbl〜VcutbN)则关闭对应的开关4101〜410N,若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器32设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关; [0116] backup battery voltage detector 401, if the voltage is higher than VLb, and when the voltage reaches a first cut-off voltage (Vcutbl~VcutbN) corresponding to the closed switch 4101~410N, if the switch is set delay Close person (such as an external electrical power supply 2 is provided with delay off) when closing said, the delay to the switching time is reached; off if the voltage reaches the second voltage (Vcutbl~VcutbN) corresponding to the closed switch 4101~410N, if the switch is set off by a delay (such as an external electrical power supply 32 is provided with delay off) when closing said, the delay to the switching time is reached;

[0117] 根据定时器的Tset计时,若Tset到达第一个截止时间(Tcutbl〜TcutbN)则关闭对应的开关4101〜410N,若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器32设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关;若Tset到达第二个截止时间(Tcutbl〜 TcutbN)则关闭对应的开关4101〜410N,若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器32 设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关; [0117] The timing of the timer Tset, if Tset reaches the first deadline (Tcutbl~TcutbN) corresponding to the closed switch 4101~410N, if the switch is set off by a delay (such as an external collector 32 disposed there is a delay power off), the latency time to reach the closing said switch when; if Tset reaches the second cut-off time (Tcutbl~ TcutbN) corresponding to the closed switch 4101~410N, if the switch is set Close by the delay (such as an external electrical power supply 32 is provided with delay off), the delay to switch off when the time is reached;

[0118] 侦测备用电池401的电压,若电压低于VLb或计时Tset ^ Tsetb则关闭开关402 停止由备用电池401对外接电器31〜3N供电,若所述的开关设定有延时关闭者(如外接电器32设有延时关闭供电),则延时至时间到达时关闭所述的开关; [0118] Detection of the backup battery 401, or if the voltage VLb below Tset ^ Tsetb timing switch 402 is turned off to stop power supply from the external electrical 31~3N backup battery 401, if the switch off delay is set by (such as an external electrical power supply 32 is provided with delay off), the delay to switch off when the time is reached;

[0119] 若开关4131〜413N被人为关闭,则对其对应的开关4101〜410N进行改变为关闭状态;若开关4131〜413N被人为启动,则检查其供电条件,若供电条件满足(如时间、电压在可供电范围时),则对其对应的开关4101〜410N进行改变为开启状态; [0119] When the switch is artificially 4131~413N closed, the closed state thereof changes corresponding switch 4101~410N; 4131~413N if the switch is artificially activated, it checks the power supply conditions, when the power supply condition (such as time, when the power supply voltage range may be), then the state changes to open its corresponding switch 4101~410N;

[0120] 若通讯单元411接收到通讯机3Z的信号时,将此信号转换后送至输出控制器409, 输出控制器409根据此信号转换后,对对应的开关4101〜410N进行改变为供电状态;[0121] 若外接电器31〜3N设有连动协议时,在所述的对应的开关变更状态者,先输出信号至所述的外接电器; [0120] If the communication unit 411 receives a signal of the communication unit 3Z, after this signal is converted to an output controller 409, output controller 409 in accordance with the signal after conversion, corresponding to the change of the switching power supply state 4101~410N ; [0121] If an external electrical 31~3N agreement with the interlocking, the corresponding switch changes state by said first output signal to said external electrical;

[0122] 在各开关4101〜410N变更状态时,根据设定在蜂鸣器407发出警告声、或在显示器408发出状态显示、或经通讯单元414对通讯机3Z发出信号; [0122] When the respective switching state 4101~410N changed based on the set 407 to sound a warning buzzer, or a display in the status display 408 emits, via the communication unit or the communication unit 414 pairs 3Z signals;

[0123] 若判断交通工具重新启动且发电机正常提供电力,则管理程序重新复归,开启开关402对备用电池401充电、对外接电器31〜3N正常供电。 [0123] If it is determined the vehicle is restarted and the power generator is normally supplied, the management program revert back to open switch 402 for charging the auxiliary battery 401, 31~3N external electrical power normally.

[0124] 兹说明本发明的交通工具外接电器电力管理装置4,如图5如下: [0124] The present invention is hereby described a vehicle electrical power management of the external device 4 shown in Figure 5 as follows:

[0125] 交通工具外接电器电力管理装置4,是并联在载具电池1连接在各外接电器31〜 3N,包含一备用电池401,用以在载具电池1耗尽时,可以提供备用电力供外接电器31〜3N 使用;电压电流侦测电路404,是用以侦测供电回路的电压电流并送给主控器405进行数据处理;过电压低电压保护电路403可在回路电压过高或过低时,切断回路以保护外接电器31〜3N的安全;主控制器405将判断结果以信号送至输出控制器409 ;输出控制器409则经过信号比对与判断后,送出信号至对应在外接电器31〜3N的开关4101〜410N,用以对外接电器31〜3N改变供电状态;定时器406则提供供电时间Tset,经由主控器405比对供电时间Tsetm、Tsetb或Tcutml〜TcutmN、Tcutbl〜TcutbN是否到达,如时间到达则对所述的外接电器31〜3N的对应开关4101〜410N进行开或关;输出口设定器411,可设定各外接电器31〜3N的用 [0125] Electric vehicle external power management apparatus 4, is connected in parallel with the battery carrier is connected to a respective external electrical 31~ 3N, 401 comprises a battery backup for when a vehicle battery is depleted, can provide backup power supply external electrical 31~3N use; voltage current detection circuit 404, is used to detect voltage and current of the power supply circuit 405 and sent to the master data processing; over-voltage protection circuit 403 may be a low voltage or too high voltage in the circuit low, cut off the circuit to protect the safety of the external electrical 31~3N; master controller 405 to signal the determination result to an output controller 409; output controller 409 via the signal ratio after the determination, the signal is sent to the corresponding external the electrical switch 31~3N 4101~410N, to an external electrical power supply state change 31~3N; a timer 406 providing a supply time Tset, the master 405 via the power supply time comparison Tsetm, Tsetb or Tcutml~TcutmN, Tcutbl~ whether TcutbN arrival, arrival time as the corresponding switch of the external collector of said 31~3N 4101~410N be on or off; an output port set 411, may be set by the respective external electrical 31~3N 需求,如设定当载具电池1供电时的使用时间Tcutml〜TcutmN、 设定当载具电池1供电时的截止电压Vcutml〜VcutmN,即相当在各外接电器31〜3N的供电优先次序;设定当备用电池401供电时的使用时间Tcutbl〜TcutbN、设定当备用电池401供电时的截止电压Vcutbl〜VcutbN,即相当在各外接电器31〜3N的供电优先次序; 设定各外接电器31〜3N的限制电流,避免所述的电器输入的电流过高损坏其电器;设定各外接电器31〜3N的输入电压,即设定电压转换的范围,以符合所述的电器使用;设定各外接电器31〜3N的连动协定;设定各外接电器31〜3N的关闭延时时间,即设定所述的对应的开关4101〜410N在所设定的延时时间到达后,才关闭对应的开关4101〜410N ;主控制器405可趋动蜂鸣器407或显示器408,在电力管理时产生声响或显示以提醒交通工具使用者ο Needs, such as when a set time when a vehicle battery feeding Tcutml~TcutmN, set off when the voltage of the vehicle battery when Vcutml~VcutmN feeding, i.e. quite priorities in each of the external supply of electrical 31~3N; provided when a predetermined time when the auxiliary battery 401 powered Tcutbl~TcutbN, when the cut-off voltage is set at 401 Vcutbl~VcutbN battery backup power supply, i.e. the supply considerable priority among the external electrical 31~3N; setting of each external electrical 31~ 3N limiting current, the input electrical current to avoid excessive damage to its collector; setting each external input voltage 31~3N collector, i.e., the setting range of the voltage converter to comply with the use of the appliance; each set external electrical interlocking of agreement 31~3N; external collector setting each delay time 31~3N off, i.e. set the corresponding switching 4101~410N after the set delay time arrives, only close the corresponding switch 4101~410N; master controller 405 may be a buzzer-driven display 407 or 408, to generate sound or display to alert the vehicle user when the power management ο

[0126] 对本实施例的外接电器在具有发电机的交通工具,透过本发明的管理方法及其装置,实施的作动如下述: [0126] external electrical embodiment according to the present embodiment in a vehicle having a generator, through the management method and apparatus according to the present invention, the embodiment of the actuator as follows:

[0127] 本发明的装置的主控制器405经由电压电流侦测电路404侦测与比对后,当回路电压高于VHH(或低于VLL)时,则主控制器405令输出控制器409关闭全部的开关4101〜 410N,此为保护外接电器的措施,可由过电压低电压保护电路403或主控制器405分别单独完成,本实施例则为二者兼备; [0127] The main controller unit 405 of the present invention via the current detection circuit 404 detects the voltage and aligned, when the loop voltage is higher than VHHs (or below VLL), the main controller 405 so that controller 409 outputs Close all the switches 4101~ 410N, this is a measure to protect the external collector, by the overvoltage protection circuit 403 or the low voltage main controller 405 are done separately, both compared with the present embodiment both;

[0128] 若主控制器405判断交通工具在正常运行且发电机提供电力状况下,开启开关402对备用电池401充电;对外接电器31〜3N正常供电,供电回路经由电流限制电路4121 或电压转换与电流限制电路412N,提供符合外接电器31〜3N输入的电流限制与电压转换范围,如本实施例中,行动计算机设备为使用电压为24VDC、限制最高电流5A ; [0128] When the main controller 405 determines the status of the vehicle to provide power and a generator under normal operation, switch 402 is turned on to charge the auxiliary battery 401; 31~3N normal external electrical power supply, the power supply circuit via the current limiting circuit or the voltage converter 4121 the current limiting circuit 412N, provides current limiting and voltage range that corresponds to the external electrical conversion 31~3N input, as in this embodiment, the mobile computing device using a voltage of 24VDC, the maximum current limit. 5A;

[0129] 使用者可使用开关4131〜413N对外接电器31〜3N关闭电力供应;当交通工具停止且发电机也停止发电,如果使用者对外接电器31〜3N继续使用,则电力供应则进入设定使用时间Tcutml〜TcutmN或Vcutml〜VcutmN管理;此设定时间功能可进一步设定为,当交通工具停止后,在所设定的时间开启电源使用外接电器,例如此可应用在停车后三小时后开启数字录像机录像二小时后再关闭供电;若载具电池1耗尽或供电时间到达时, 则改由备用电池401供电,则电力供应则进入设定使用时间Tcutbl〜TcutbN或Vcutbl〜 VcutbN 管理; [0129] The user may use an external electrical 31~3N 4131~413N switch off the power supply; when the vehicle is stopped and the power generator is also stopped, if the user continues to use an external electrical 31~3N, the process proceeds to the electric power supply is provided Tcutml~TcutmN or Vcutml~VcutmN given time management; this setting time can be further feature set, when the vehicle is stopped, the power is turned on at the set time using an external appliance, this can be applied, for example, three hours after parking after opening the digital VCR for recording two hours then turn off the power; 1 if the vehicle battery power is depleted or arrival time, is replaced by a backup battery power supply 401, the power supply is the setting time management Tcutbl~TcutbN or Vcutbl~ VcutbN ;

[0130] 在本实施例的外接电器中,交通工具使用者设定停车后导航仪为第三优先用电, 属于最不重要用电,可设定使用时间最短或截止电压最高,为优先停止供电,且不由备用电池401供电;卫星电视与后座娱乐系统为第二优先用电,为第二阶段关闭,且不由备用电池401供电;数字录像设备与行动计算机设备则由交通工具使用者设定为最优先供电设备, 当载具电池1耗尽时,主控制器405开启备用电池401继续供电给数字录像设备与行动计算机设备,直至供电时间满足或备用电池401电力耗尽时才停止供应; [0130] In the present embodiment, the external collector, the vehicle after the user sets the parking navigation system is a third electricity, electricity among the most important, the shortest time can be set on or off the maximum voltage, stop priority power supply, not powered by a backup battery 401; and a rear seat entertainment system satellite is a second power, the second stage of the closing, not powered by a backup battery 401; digital video devices and mobile computer equipment provided by the vehicle user the highest priority as the power supply apparatus, when a vehicle battery is depleted, the master controller 405 is turned on to continue supplying power to the digital video recording device and the backup battery mobile computer device 401, until the power supply is stopped when the time to meet or backup battery power is exhausted 401 ;

[0131] 由于交通工具使用者对数字录像设备与行动计算机设备设有延时时间,即时间到达或电压降至设定值时,分别延时3分钟或5分钟才使开关410M或开关410N关闭供电; [0131] Since the delay time of the vehicle user is provided with the digital video recording device and mobile computer equipment, i.e. time reaches a set value or voltage drops, respectively, delay 3 minutes or 5 minutes before the switch 410M or 410N off switch powered by;

[0132] 对于导航仪与行动计算机设备则另设有连动协议,当导航仪开机或关机时,由主控制器405将开机或关机信号送至显示器408与蜂鸣器407,进一步更可送至输出控制器409使通讯单元414以通讯机3Z对外通知;行动计算机设备在所述的电力关闭前要先送出协议信号,使行动计算机关闭软件与硬件系统而在所述的电力开启前要先送出协议信号, 使行动计算机先开启硬件系统与软件系统; [0132] For mobile navigation with the another computer device in conjunction with the protocol, when the navigation device on or off, by the master controller to turn on or off signal to the display 408 and the buzzer 407 405, can be sent even more the output controller 409 to cause the communication unit 414 to notify the external communication unit 3Z; mobile computer device sends first protocol signal prior to the power shut down the closing action computer software and hardware system of the first power before opening sent protocol signal, the first open mobile computer hardware and software systems;

[0133] 对于数字录像设备则另设有通讯的监控与遥控需求,当数字录像设备的电力供应改变时,由输出口设定器411将开机或关机信号送至通讯单元411,并由通讯单元411转换为通讯码后送给通讯机3Z对行控中心通讯;当行控中心通知通讯机3Z,通讯机3Z发出信号给通讯单元411,通讯单元411以信号送至输出端口设定器409,以改变数字录像设备的供电状态。 [0133] For digital video recording apparatus is further provided with a remote monitoring and communication needs, when the power supply of the digital video apparatus changes, the output port 411 is set to turn on or off signal to the communication unit 411 by the communication unit 411 converted to correspond to the code of the communication unit 3Z control center communication line; Notify communications control center when the line machine 3Z, 3Z communication unit sends a signal to the communication unit 411, the communication unit 411 to signal to the output port 409 is set to change the power state of the digital video equipment.

[0134] 以上所示仅为本发明的较佳实施例,对本发明而言仅是说明性的,而非限制性的。 While the invention [0134] As shown in the above preferred embodiments for the present invention are merely illustrative, and not restrictive. 本专业技术人员理解,在本发明权利要求所限定的精神和范围内可对其进行许多改变,修改,甚至等效变更,但都将落入本发明的保护范围内。 Understood by those skilled in the claims of the invention within the spirit and scope as defined can be many alternatives, modifications, equivalents and even change, but will fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (31)

  1. 一种交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其是管理具有载具电池(1)供电给外接电器使用的交通工具,其特征在于:所述的电力管理方法包含以下步骤:根据至少一组外接电器(31~3N)用电需求,分别设定载具电池(1)对各外接电器(31~3N)的供电优先次序;在交通工具启动、行驶与交通工具停靠间,截取回路的电压或电压与电流数值,根据回路电压或电压与电流变化情形判断交通工具具有载具电池(1)以外的电力来源时,则输出信号对外接电器(31~3N)进行电力供应或停止供应的电力管理;在交通工具启动、行驶与交通工具停靠间,截取回路电压或电压与电流数值,根据回路电压或电压与电流变化情形判断交通工具不具备载具电池(1)以外的电力来源提供电力时,如果电压数值高于载具电池(1)可供电的最低电压时,则输出信号对外接电器(31~3N)进行电力供应或停 A vehicle external electrical power management method, which is a management cell having a carrier (1) the external electrical power to the vehicle used, wherein: said power management method comprising the steps of: at least a group of external electrical ( 31 ~ 3N) electricity demand, priorities are set for each external collector (31 ~ 3N) battery powered vehicle (1); start the vehicle, and the vehicle stops traveling between the intercept with the voltage or circuit current value, according to circuit voltage or the voltage and current variation case determines the vehicle has a vehicle battery power source (1) other than the output signal of an external electrical (31 ~ 3N) for the power supply or stop supplying power management; the when the vehicle starts, between the driving and the vehicle stops, interception circuit voltage or the voltage and current value, according to circuit voltage or the voltage and current variation case determines the vehicle is not provided with a power source vehicle battery (1) other than providing the power, if the voltage value above a battery carrier (1) the minimum supply voltage, an external electrical signal output (31 ~ 3N) for the power supply or stop 供应的电力管理,并比对各外接电器(31~3N)的供电优先次序需求,若优先次序需求条件满足,则输出信号对外接电器(31~3N)进行电力供应或停止供应的电力管理;在交通工具启动、行驶与交通工具停靠间,截取回路电压或电压与电流数值,如果电压数值低于载具电池(1)可供电的最低极限电压时,则输出信号停止由载具电池(1)供电给外接电器(31~3N);所述的载具电池供电时间管理,其管理方法为:根据连接的载具电池(1)的外接电器耗电总瓦特数,设定载具电池(1)可供电时间;在交通工具启动、行驶与交通工具停靠间,截取回路电压或电压与电流数值,如果判断交通工具不具有载具电池(1)以外的电力来源提供电力时,则开始对载具电池(1)可供电时间计时;如果在载具电池(1)可供电时间内,则不改变对外接设备(31~3N)开或关状态;当载具电池(1)可供电 Supply power management, and the ratio of power to each of the external collector (31 ~ 3N) priorities demand, if priorities demand condition is satisfied, the output signal of an external electrical (31 ~ 3N) for the power supply or stop the power management supply; in starting the vehicle, and the vehicle stops traveling between the intercept circuit voltage or the voltage and current value, if the voltage value is lower than the vehicle battery (1) limit the minimum supply voltage, the output signal is stopped by the battery carrier (1 ) to an external electrical power supply (31 ~ 3N); battery-powered vehicle according to time management, the management method: (1) an external electrical power consumption according to the total wattage of the carrier connected to a battery, the battery carrier is set ( 1) supplying time; start the vehicle, driving the vehicle between stops, interception circuit voltage or the voltage and current value, if judged the vehicle does not have a power source vehicle battery (1) other than providing the power, the start of battery carrier (1) can be powered time counting; if the vehicle battery (1) within a power supply time, no changes to the external device (31 ~ 3N) on or off state; battery carrier (1) can be powered when 间到达时,则输出信号关闭载具电池1对外接设备(31~3N)的供电。 Inter-arrival time, then turn off power to the output signal of one pair of carrier cells external device (31 ~ 3N) of.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,还包含:根据外接电器(31〜3N)需求,当载具池⑴供电时,转换为外接电器(31〜3N)需求的电流限制值或电压转换值。 The vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 1, further comprising: (31~3N) demand, when the vehicle pool ⑴ supply, an external electrical current is converted to (31~3N) according to the external electrical demand limit or the converted voltage value.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:所述的供电优先次序,进一步可设定对各外接电器(31〜3N)在载具电池1可供电的截止电压(Vcutml〜VcutmN),即设定各外接电器(31〜3N)的优先次序,其管理方法为:当载具电池⑴供电的截止电压,满足各外接电器(31〜3N)在载具电池1可供电的截止电压(Vcutml〜VcutmN)的任一时,则输出信号改变所述的对应的外接电器(31〜3N)的供电状态。 The vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 1, wherein: said supply priorities, further can be set off to each external collector (31~3N) in the carrier 1 may be battery powered voltage (Vcutml~VcutmN), i.e. setting of each external collector (31~3N) priorities, its management method is: when the vehicle battery is cut-off voltage ⑴, meet the external collector (31~3N) in the vehicle battery 1 can be powered off voltage (Vcutml~VcutmN) of any one time, changing the signal corresponding to the external appliance (31~3N) output power supply status.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:供电优先次序,进一步可设定各外接电器在载具电池1供电的时间(Tcutml〜TcutmN);其管理方法为:如果判断交通工具不具有载具电池(1)以外的电力来源提供的电力时,对载具电池1供电时间开始计时,当载具电池⑴供电时间满足各外接电器(31〜3N)在载具电池1供电的时间(Tcutml〜TcutmN)的任一时,则输出信号改变所述的对应的外接电器(31〜3N) 的供电状态。 The vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 1, wherein: the power supply priorities, further can be set at each time an external collector (Tcutml~TcutmN) a battery-powered vehicle; management method thereof : determining if the vehicle does not have a power source of power a battery carrier (1) provided outside of a vehicle battery power supply time start time, when the vehicle battery powered ⑴ time meet the external collector (31~3N) in the carrier at any one time with the battery time (Tcutml~TcutmN) power supply 1, the signal changes corresponding to an external collector (31~3N) output power supply status.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:还包括设定外接电器(31〜3N)的连动协定;其管理方法为:如果外接电器(31〜3N)设定有连动协议时,若要改变所述的外接电器(31〜3N)的供电状态时,则先输出连动协议给所述的外接电器(31〜3N),再改变其供电状态。 The vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 1, characterized in further comprising: setting an external collector (31~3N) interlocking agreements; its management method: If an external collector (31~3N) when the interlocking protocol is set, to change the external appliance (31~3N) power state, the first output is connected to the external protocol movable collector (31~3N), and then to change its power state.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:还包括设定外接电器(31〜3N)的延时功能;其管理方法为:如果外接电器(31〜3N)设定有延时时, 若要改变供电状态,则先延时至延时时间满足时,再改变其供电状态。 The vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 1, characterized in further comprising: setting an external collector (31~3N) a delay function; its management method: If an external collector (31~3N) when the delay is set, to change the power state, the first delay time to meet the delay, and then change its power state.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:可还包括高电压或低电压保护,其管理方法为:在交通工具行驶与交通工具停靠关闭任一时间,如果回路电压高在高于回路最高极限电压或低在低于回路最低极限电压,则输出信号切断外接电器(31〜3N)的供电。 The vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 1, characterized in that: may further include a high voltage or a low voltage protection, which is a management method: the vehicle with the vehicle stops off at any one time, if circuit voltage is higher than the highest limit in high voltage circuit or lower than the lowest limit voltage is low in the loop, the output signal of an external power supply cut off electrical appliances (31~3N) of.
  8. 8.根据权利要求1所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:还包含信号通讯,其信号通讯则凭借通讯机(3Z)进行通讯,其管理方法为:当改变外接电器(31〜 3N)的供电时,则输出信号送至通讯机(3Z);当收到通讯机(3Z)的信号时,可对外接电器(31〜3N)改变供电状态。 Electric vehicle according to an external power management method according to claim 1, wherein: the communication signal further comprises, by virtue of its communication signal communication unit (3Z) communication, which is a management method: when changing the external collector (31 when ~ 3N) supply the output signal to the communication unit (3Z); the received signal when the communication unit (3Z), can change the state of an external electrical power supply (31~3N).
  9. 9.根据权利要求1所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:还包含供电状态显示,其管理方法为:当改变外接电器(31〜3N)的供电时,输出信号显示供电状态。 9. The vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 1, wherein: the display further comprises a power supply state, its management method is: when changing the external electrical power supply (31~3N), the output signal of the power status display .
  10. 10.根据权利要求1所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:还包含供电状态警示,其管理方法为:当改变外接电器(31〜3N)的供电时,输出信号警告供电状态。 10. The vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 1, characterized in that: further comprising a power alert status, its management method is: when changing the external electrical power supply (31~3N), the output signal power warning state .
  11. 11.根据权利要求1所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:其另具有备用电池(401),所述的电力管理方法还包含以下的步骤:交通工具启动、行驶与交通工具停靠间,主控制器截取回路电压或电压与电流数值,如果判断交通工具具有载具电池(1)以外的电力来源提供的电力时,则输出信号开启备用电池(401)回路,对备用电池(401)充电;交通工具启动、行驶与交通工具停靠间,主控制器截取电压或电压与电流电流数值,如果判断判断交通工具不具有载具电池⑴以外的电力来源提供的电力时,则输出信号关闭备用电池(401)与外界供电回路,停止对备用电池(401)充电;若载具电池(1)可供电时间到达或电压降至载具电池(1)可供电的最低极限电压时, 则送出信号切断载具电池(1)的供电回路,同时开启备用电池(401)供电回路,由备用电池(40 11. The vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 1, characterized in that: it further has a backup battery (401), said power management method further comprises the steps of: starting the vehicle, with the vehicle between stops, interception of the main controller circuit voltage and the current or voltage value, the vehicle is determined if a power source of power a battery carrier (1) provided outside the output signal is turned on backup battery (401) circuit, backup battery ( 401) charging; start the vehicle, and the vehicle stops traveling between the main controller and the current intercept voltage or current value, if the determination is determined the vehicle does not have a power source of power other than the vehicle battery ⑴ provided, then the output signal Close backup battery (401) with the outside power supply circuit, the backup battery is stopped (401) charging; if the vehicle battery (1) can be reduced or the voltage supply time reaches a minimum limit vehicle battery voltage supply (1), the carrier signal is sent off the battery (1) power supply circuit, battery backup while open (401) power supply circuit, a backup battery (40 1)继续供电,对于设定不由备用电池(401)继续供电的外接电器(31〜3N),则改变其供电状态、对于设定由备用电池(401)继续供电的外接电器(31〜3N)则不改变其供电状态;如果回路电压数值高于备用电池(401)可供电的最低极限电压时,则进行备用电池(401)供电管理;根据交通工具使用者对外接电器(31〜3N)使用需求,可设定备用电池(401)对各外接电器(31〜3N)的优先次序;其管理程序为,如果判断当载具电池(1)停止供电,由备用电池(401)供电时,则比对各外接电器(31〜3N)的供电优先次序需求,若条件满足则改变所述的对应的外接电器(31〜3N)的供电状态;如果回路电压数值低于备用电池(401)可供电的最低极限电压时,则输出信号停止对外接电器(31〜3N)供电。 1) continue to supply, to help set the auxiliary battery (401) to continue to supply external collector (31~3N), its power supply state is changed, to the set from the auxiliary battery (401) to continue to supply external collector (31~3N) without changing its power state; if the value is above the auxiliary battery voltage circuit (401) limits the minimum supply voltage, a battery backup is performed (401) power management; (31~3N) the use of an external electrical transport users requirements, can set up a backup battery (401) priorities to each external collector (31~3N); the procedure for the management, if it is determined when the vehicle battery (1) to stop power supply, a backup battery (401) powered, then power demand than the respective priorities of the external collector (31~3N), if the condition is satisfied is changed corresponding to the external appliance (31~3N) of the power supply state; if the value is lower than the backup battery voltage circuit (401) can be powered the lowest limit voltage, the output signal is stopped (31~3N) an external electrical power supply.
  12. 12.根据权利要求11所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:还包含备用电池(401)供电时间管理;根据连接的备用电池(401)的外接电器耗电总瓦特数,设定备用电池(401)可供电时间;如果切断载具电池(1)的回路,由备用电池(401)回路供电时,则开始对备用电池(401)可供电时间计时,当计时时间在备用电池(401)可供电时间内,则不改变对外接电器(31〜3N)供电状态;当备用电池(401)可供电时间到达时,则输出信号停止备用电池(401)对外接电器(31〜3N)的供电。 12. The vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 11, characterized in that: further comprising a backup battery (401) powered time management; (401) the total number of external electrical power wattage The backup battery is connected, is provided given backup battery (401) can be powered time; if the cutting carrier cell (1) loop, the loop is powered by a backup battery (401) is started can be powered timekeeping backup battery (401), when the measured time in the spare battery (401) within a supply time is not changed (31~3N) an external electrical power supply state; when the auxiliary battery (401) can be powered time is reached, the output signal is stopped backup battery (401) external electrical (31~3N ) power supply.
  13. 13.根据权利要求11所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:所述的供电优先次序,还包括根据由备用电池(401)供电的外接电器(31〜3N)需求,设定各外接电器(31〜3N)在备用电池(401)可供电的截止电压(Vcutbl〜VcutbN),即设定各外接电器(31〜3N)的优先次序;其管理程序为,当载具电池(1)停止供电,由备用电池(401)供电时,当备用电池(401)可供电的截止电压,满足各外接电器(31〜3N)在载具电池(401) 可供电的截止电压(Vcutbl〜VcutbN)的任一时,则输出信号改变所述的对应的外接电器(31〜3N)的供电状态。 13. A vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 11, wherein: said supply priorities, further comprising (31~3N) according to demand from the auxiliary battery (401) external electrical power supply, is set each external electrical (31~3N) in backup battery (401) can be powered off voltage (Vcutbl~VcutbN), i.e. setting of each external collector (31~3N) priorities; which is a management program, when the vehicle battery ( 1) the power supply is stopped, when a backup battery (401) powered off when the voltage of the auxiliary battery (401) can be powered, meet the external collector (31~3N) in the cutoff voltage of the battery carrier (401) may be powered (Vcutbl~ VcutbN) of any one time, changing the signal corresponding to the external appliance (31~3N) output power supply status.
  14. 14.根据权利要求11所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:所述的供电优先次序还包括设定为,可根据由备用电池(401)供电的外接电器需求,设定各外接电器(31〜3N)在备用电池可供电的时间(Tcutbl〜TcutbN);其管理程序为,当载具电池(1)停止供电,由备用电池(401)供电时,若备用电池(401)供电时间满足各外接电器(31〜3N)在备用电池(401)可供电的时间的任一时,则输出信号改变所述的对应的外接电器(31〜3N)的供电状态。 14. The vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 11, wherein: said power supply further comprises a priority order is set, according to a backup battery (401) external electrical power demand set each external collector (31~3N) in the battery-powered backup time (Tcutbl~TcutbN); when it is a management program, when the vehicle battery (1) to stop power supply, (401) powered by a backup battery, if the backup battery (401) Electric power supply time meet the external (31~3N) at any one time backup battery (401) can be powered time, the signal change corresponding to an external collector (31~3N) output power supply status.
  15. 15.根据权利要求11所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:还包括设定外接电器(31〜3N)的连动协定;其管理方法为:如果外接电器(31〜3N)设定有连动协议时,若要改变所述的外接电器(31〜3N)的供电状态时,则先输出连动协议给所述的外接电器(31〜3N),再改变其供电状态。 15. A vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 11, characterized in further comprising: setting an external collector (31~3N) interlocking agreements; its management method: If an external collector (31~3N) when the interlocking protocol is set, to change the external appliance (31~3N) power state, the first output is connected to the external protocol movable collector (31~3N), and then to change its power state.
  16. 16.根据权利要求11所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:还包括设定外接电器(31〜3N)的延时功能;其管理方法为:如果外接电器(31〜3N)设定有延时时,若要改变供电状态,则先延时至延时时间满足时,再改变其供电状态。 16. A vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 11, characterized in further comprising: setting an external collector (31~3N) a delay function; its management method: If an external collector (31~3N) when the delay is set, to change the power state, the first delay time to meet the delay, and then change its power state.
  17. 17.根据权利要求11所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:还包括高电压或低电压保护,其管理方法为:在交通工具行驶与交通工具停靠关闭任一时间,如果回路电压高在高于回路最高极限电压或低在低于回路最低极限电压,则输出信号切断外接电器(31〜3N)的供电。 17. A vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 11, characterized in that: further comprising a high voltage or a low voltage protection, which is a management method: the vehicle with the vehicle stops off at any one time, if the loop in the high voltage circuit voltage higher than the highest limit or lower than the lowest limit voltage and low in the loop, the output signal of an external power supply cut off electrical appliances (31~3N) of.
  18. 18.根据权利要求11所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:还包含信号通讯,其信号通讯则凭借通讯机(3Z)进行通讯,其管理方法为:当改变外接电器(31〜 3N)的供电时,则输出信号送至通讯机(3Z);当收到通讯机(3Z)的信号时,可对外接电器(31〜3N)改变供电状态。 18. The vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 11, wherein: the communication signal further comprises, by virtue of its communication signal communication unit (3Z) communication, which is a management method: when changing the external collector (31 when ~ 3N) supply the output signal to the communication unit (3Z); the received signal when the communication unit (3Z), can change the state of an external electrical power supply (31~3N).
  19. 19.根据权利要求11所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:还包含供电状态显示,其管理方法为:当改变外接电器(31〜3N)的供电时,输出信号显示供电状态。 19. A vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 11, wherein: the display further comprises a power supply state, its management method is: when changing the external electrical power supply (31~3N), the output signal of the power status display .
  20. 20.根据权利要求11所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理方法,其特征在于:还包含供电状态警示,其管理方法为:当改变外接电器(31〜3N)的供电时,输出信号警告供电状态。 20. The vehicle external electrical power management method according to claim 11, characterized in that: further comprising a power alert status, its management method is: when changing the external electrical power supply (31~3N), the output signal power warning state .
  21. 21. 一种交通工具外接电器电力管理装置,其是通过权利要求1至20中任一权利要求所述的交通工具电池电力管理方法实现的,其是连接在载具电池(1)与一组或多组外接电器(31〜3N)之间,与载具电器(2)相并联,其特征在于:其包含:一用以侦测回路电压电流的电压电流侦测电路(404);—用以接收电压电流侦测电路(404)的电压电流数值并判断控制结果的主控制器(405);—用以接收主控制(405)判断结果而将所述的结果转换为输出控制信号的输出控制器(409);至少一组用以接收输出控制器(409)而对外接电器(31〜3N)供电开或关的开关(4101〜410N);其中,所述的电压电流侦测电路(404),其为可侦测回路的电压或电压与电流数值,以将电压或电压与电流侦测的数值信号送至主控制器(405);其中,主控制器(405)其特征为可接收电压电流侦测电路(404)的电 21. A vehicle external electrical power management device 1 which is a vehicle battery to the power management method implemented in any one of claims claim 20 through claim, which is connected to the vehicle battery (1) with a set or between a group of external electrical (31~3N), in parallel with the electrical carrier (2), characterized by: comprising: a circuit for detecting a voltage-current voltage-current detection circuit (404); - with receiving voltage and current to a voltage value of a current detection circuit (404) and the result of determination control master controller (405); - configured to receive a master control (405) determines the result of the conversion result is output to output a control signal the controller (409); at least one group for receiving the output of the controller (409) and the external electrical (31~3N) on or off power switch (4101~410N); wherein said voltage-current detection circuit ( 404), which is or can detect a voltage value of voltage and current circuit to a voltage value or a voltage signal and the current detection is sent to the master controller (405); wherein the main controller (405) may be characterized by electrically receiving the voltage current detection circuit (404) 或电压与电流侦测的数值信号,并用以判断载具电池(1)的电力状况,将判断结果以信号送至输出控制器(409);其中,输出控制器(409)连接在至少一组开关(4101〜410N),其接收主控制器(405) 的判断结果的信号,转换为控制信号输出给至少一组开关(4101〜410N);并还根据外接电器(31〜3N)的供电需求,在输出信号给开关(4101〜410N)时,同步或不同步输出连动协议信号给外接电器(31〜3N);其中,至少一组开关(4101〜410N)则以缆线连接在载具电池(1)与至少一组外接电器(31〜3N)之间,所述开关(4101〜410N)是对应在外接电器(31〜3N),以接收输出控制器(409)的信号,对外接电器(31〜3N)进行开或关的动作。 Or to detect voltage and current signal values ​​and for determining the power condition of the battery carrier (1), the determination result signal to the output controller (409); wherein the output controller (409) is connected to at least one set switch (4101~410N), the determination result of the signal received master controller (405), into a control signal to the at least one group of switches (4101~410N); and further an external electrical power supply according to (31~3N) requirements , the output signal to the switch (4101~410N), synchronous or asynchronous protocols interlocking output signal to an external collector (31~3N); wherein at least one group of switches (4101~410N) places cable connection in the carrier battery (1) at least between a group of external electrical (31~3N) and the switch (4101~410N) corresponding in external collector (31~3N), to receive the output controller (409) signals, to external Electric (31~3N) operates on or off.
  22. 22.根据权利要求21所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理装置,其特征在于:还包含:一用以增加交通工具电量源的备用电池(401);—用以控制备用电池(401)与载具电池(1) 连接或切离的开关(402);其中,备用电池(401)是连接在开关(402)、并联在载具电池(1),其凭借开关(402)的连接或切离,提供或停止提供外接电器(31〜3N)的电力;其中,开关(402)输入端是连接在载具电池(1)与备用电池(401),其接收主控制器(405)信号,以对载具电池(1)与备用电池(401)进行连接或切离。 22. Electric vehicle external power management apparatus according to claim 21, characterized in that: further comprising: a power source for increasing the vehicle batteries (401); - for controlling the auxiliary battery (401) with a carrier switch (402) with the battery (1) is connected or cut off; wherein the backup battery (401) is connected to the switch (402), parallel carrier cell (1), by virtue of a switch (402) is connected or cut off in provide or stop providing an external electrical power (31~3N); wherein the switch (402) is connected to the input terminal (405) signal carrier cell (1) with a backup battery (401), which receives the master controller to of the battery carrier (1) with a backup battery (401) to connect or disconnect.
  23. 23.根据权利要求22所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理装置,其特征在于:还设有一过电压低电压保护电路(403),当进入外接电器电力管理装置(4)的电压过高或过低于所设定的电压范围时,切断回路用以保护外接电器电力管理装置(4)与外接电器(31〜3N)。 23. The vehicle external electrical power management apparatus according to claim 22, characterized in that: There is a low voltage overvoltage protection circuit (403), when the voltage enters the external electrical power management device (4) is too high or too below the set voltage range, cut off the circuit for protecting the external electrical power management means (4) and an external collector (31~3N).
  24. 24.根据权利要求22所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理装置,其特征在于:还包括设有至少一组定时器(406),其是连接在主控制器(405)。 24. Electric vehicle external power management device according to claim 22, characterized in that: further comprising at least one set is provided with a timer (406), which is connected to the main controller (405).
  25. 25.根据权利要求22所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理装置,其特征在于:还包括设有至少一组电流限制线路或电压转换与电流限制线路(4121〜412N),其是对应连接在开关(4101〜41 ON)与外接电器(31〜3N)之间。 25. A vehicle external electrical power management apparatus according to claim 22, characterized in that: further comprising at least provided with a set of current limit or voltage conversion circuit and the current limiting circuit (4121~412N), which is connected to the corresponding switch (4101~41 ON) and an external appliance (31~3N) between.
  26. 26.根据权利要求22所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理装置,其特征在于:还设有输出口设定器(411),是连接在电流限制线路或电压转换与电流限制线路(4121〜412N)、输出控制器(409)。 26. A vehicle external electrical power management apparatus according to claim 22, wherein: the setting unit further provided with an output port (411), is connected to the current limiting circuit or the current limiting circuit with a voltage converter (4121~412N ), the output controller (409).
  27. 27.根据权利要求22所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理装置,其特征在于:所述输出口设定器(411),根据外接电器(31〜3N)供电需求,设定各外接电器(31〜3N)供电时序或供电截止电压,并以信号送至输出控制器(409),用以控制外接电器(31〜3N)的供电。 27. Electric vehicle external power management device according to claim 22, wherein: said output port setting unit (411), according to the external electrical (31~3N) power demand set each external collector (31 ~3N) timing or power supply cut-off voltage, and to output a signal to the controller (409) for controlling an external collector (31~3N) power.
  28. 28.根据权利要求22所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理装置,其特征在于:还设有至少一组开关(4131〜413N),其对应在外接电器(31〜3N),是连接在主控制器(405)。 28. The vehicle external electrical power management apparatus according to claim 22, wherein: at least provided with a further set of switches (4131~413N), which corresponds to an external collector (31~3N), is connected to the main control device (405).
  29. 29.根据权利要求22所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理装置,其特征在于:还设有一组或多组显示器(408),连接在输出控制器(409)。 29. A vehicle external electrical power management apparatus according to claim 22, wherein: one or more sets further provided a display (408), connected to the output controller (409).
  30. 30.根据权利要求22所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理装置,其特征在于:还设有至少一组蜂鸣器(407),连接在输出控制器(409)。 30. A vehicle external electrical power management apparatus according to claim 22, characterized in that: the group further has at least one buzzer (407), connected to the output controller (409).
  31. 31.根据权利要求22所述的交通工具外接电器电力管理装置,其特征在于:还设有通讯单元(414),连接在输出控制器(409)。 31. Electric vehicle external power management device according to claim 22, wherein: the communication unit is further provided with (414), connected to the output controller (409).
CN 200710097564 2007-04-27 2007-04-27 Transportation means external connection electrical apparatus electric power management mode and apparatus CN101293485B (en)

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EP2721713B1 (en) * 2011-06-16 2016-08-10 Renault S.A.S. Method for powering an electrical accessory of a motor vehicle comprising an electric battery to which said accessory is connected
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