CN101262492A - A management server for coordinating multiple stream media servers - Google Patents

A management server for coordinating multiple stream media servers Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101262492A
CN101262492A CN 200810047363 CN200810047363A CN101262492A CN 101262492 A CN101262492 A CN 101262492A CN 200810047363 CN200810047363 CN 200810047363 CN 200810047363 A CN200810047363 A CN 200810047363A CN 101262492 A CN101262492 A CN 101262492A
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streaming media
server
terminal
media server
management
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CN 200810047363
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101262492B (en
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卫 刘
曹雪松
王朝萍
艾雄军
戈 高
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武汉大学
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Abstract

The invention provides a management sever used for coordinating a multi-streaming media server, which comprises a terminal registration management module, a database query module, a group query module for a streaming media server, a terminal request content management module, a user-defined coordination module and a human-computer interaction interface, wherein, the terminal registration management module handles terminal registration affairs; the database query module handles interactive communication with a database and carries out database reading and writing operation; the group query module for the streaming media server handles the interactive communication with the streaming media server; the terminal request content management module handles the affairs of terminal requests for streaming media content; the user-defined coordination module inputs and makes coordination mechanism; the human-computer interaction interface handles the inputting and outputting of database information. The management sever provides a playbill list of the streaming media server with the best quality of service for users, which leads the users to receive optimal watching effect when watching request programs.

Description

一种协调多个流媒体服务器的管理服务器技术领域本发明涉及流媒体技术领域,特别是涉及一种流媒体管理服务器。 A coordinated plurality of streaming media server management server Technical Field The present invention relates to a streaming media technology, and particularly relates to managing a streaming media server. 背景技术随着流媒体技术和网络通信技术的发展,人们对网络的需求由简单的数据传输向综合的实时多媒体业务发展。 With the development of streaming media technology and network communication technology, the demand for the network to an integrated real-time multimedia business development from simple data transfer. 支持多用户点播的流媒体服务器的数目也随着业务规模的扩大而增加。 The number of streaming media server also supports multi-user demand with the expansion of business scale increases. 但是目前的宽带网络,无论是因特网、广域网,还是信息化程度比较高的企业内部局域网, 其带宽都还不能完全满足闩益增长的音视频流传输。 However, the current broadband network, whether it is the Internet, a wide area network, or a relatively high degree of information technology within the enterprise LAN, the bandwidth can not fully meet the audio and video streaming latch beneficial growth. 现阶段的流媒体集群技术解决了多用户并发服务的问题,但是由于自身缺乏有效的管理机制,导致资源分布不均匀,局部网络瓶颈、 拥塞和丢包影响了整体的流媒体服务质量。 At this stage of streaming media cluster technology solves the problem of multi-user services, but due to their own lack of effective management mechanism, leading to uneven distribution of resources, local network bottlenecks, congestion and packet loss affects the overall quality of the streaming service. 现有的流媒体服务系统有如下局限性: (1 )目前的管理服务器没有协调终端与流媒体服务器的供求关系功能;(2) 随着终端的数目增多,处于密集用户群的流媒体服务器处理并行多路数据流的能力达到极限,可能导致终端播放缓冲时间长甚至无法观看;(3) 同---个多媒体业务中,各个流媒体服务器的终端访问数量不均衡,导致有些流媒体服务器空闲,有些流媒体服务器负荷过载;目前最新的流媒体管理服务器主要是内容管理(专利申请200610078410.3)、安全管理(专利申请200610144027.3)、权利管理(专利申请02828027. X)和成员管理(专利申请200610078852.8)。 Existing streaming service system has the following limitations: (1) the current management function server does not coordinate the supply and demand streaming media server and the terminal; (2) As the number of terminals, in a streaming media server users intensive process the ability to multi-channel parallel data streams to the limit, it may cause the terminal to play a long time could not even watch a buffer; (3) --- with multimedia services, the number of terminals to access the various streaming media server is not balanced, resulting in some streaming media server is idle some streaming media server overloading; the latest streaming media management server is currently mainly content management (patent application 200610078410.3), security management (patent application 200610144027.3), rights management (patent application 02828027. X) and members of the management (patent application 200610078852.8) . 这些管理方法针对的都是独立的对象,没有均衡流媒体服务器服务质量的功能。 These objects are independent of management methods for, there is no balanced streaming media server quality of service functions. 发明内容本发明所要解决的技术问题是:提供一种协调多个流媒体服务器的管理服务器,该管理服务器服务器能够通过管理分布在不同地域的流媒体服务器,在用户请求节目菜单的过程中, 根据用户权限和流媒体服务器资源情况的不同,为用户提供当前最优服务质量的流媒体服务器上的节目单列表,使用户在收看点播节目时,收看效果达到最佳。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The technical problem to be solved are: to provide a plurality of coordinate streaming server management server, the management server through the management server to geographically distributed streaming media server, the user requesting the program during the menu, according to different user permissions and streaming server resources, the current program to provide users with a single listing on the highest quality of service streaming media server, enabling users to watch on-demand programs while, watching achieve the best results. 所述管理服务器的技术解决方案:其包括终端注册管理模块、数据库査询模块、流媒体服务器群査询模块、终端请求内容管理模块、自定义协调模块和人机交互界面:终端注册管理模块:处理终端注册事务;数据库查询模块:处理和数据库的交互通信,进行数据库读写操作; 流媒体服务器群査询模块:处理同流媒体服务器的交互通信; 终端请求内容管理模块:处理终端请求流媒体内容的事务; 自定义协调模块:输入和制定协调机制;人机交互界面:设定自定义协调机制参数,录入终端权限注册信息,査询并显示终端注册信息,查询并显示流媒体服务器状态信息。 The management server technology solutions: which includes a terminal registration management module, a database query module, the streaming server group inquiry module, a custom coordination module and man-machine interface terminal requests the content management module: a terminal registration management module: registration processing terminal; database query module: processing and interactive communication with the database, the database read and write operations; streaming media server query module group: an interactive communication with the processing streaming media server; terminal requests the content management module: processing terminal requests the streaming media affairs content; coordination custom modules: input and develop coordination mechanisms; man-machine interface: the coordination mechanism set custom parameters, input terminals authority registration information, query and display terminal registration information, query and display the streaming media server status information . 本发明具有如下显著的优点:(1) 利用该管理服务器来实现对现有的多个流媒体服务器的统筹管理工作。 The present invention has the following significant advantages: (1) by using the integrated management server to achieve the management of a plurality of existing streaming servers. (2) 由该管理服务器处理终端的接入协商,流媒体服务器只需提供媒体转发功能。 (2) the negotiated by the access management server processing terminal, streaming media server only provides forwarding function. (3) 对终端进行分级管理,权限分明,有利于流媒体增值服务的运作。 (3) for terminal classification management, authority is clear, is conducive to the operation of streaming media value-added services. (4) 通过该管理服务器的统筹安排,终端有序的接入可用流媒体服务器,实现整个流媒体服务系统的负载均衡,提高系统的健壮性。 (4) overall arrangement, the management server, a terminal and orderly access to the available streaming media server, load balancing the entire streaming media service system, to improve the robustness of the system. (5) 该管理服务器涉及数据库、流媒体服务器和终端的管理,功能齐全,运营商可自定义管理规则,实现多种增值业务。 (5) that involves database management server, streaming media server and terminal management, full-function, operators can customize the management rules, to achieve a variety of value-added services. (6) 由该管理服务器提供可用节目单给终端,使流媒体服务器没有网络区域的限制,实现异构网络的流媒体服务;同时各个流媒体服务器之间没有关联,由该管理服务器统筹管理, 这种服务运作模式增强了系统的安全性。 (6) provided by the program from the management server to the terminal is available, the streaming server so that the network is not restricted area, heterogeneous network streaming media services; and there is no correlation between the respective streaming media server, integrated management of the management server, this service enhances the security mode of operation of the system. 附图说明图1是具体实施例的网络拓扑图。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a network topology specific embodiments. 图2是图1所述网络拓扑的系统流程图。 FIG 2 is a system flowchart of the network topology of FIG. 图3本发明管理服务器流程图。 Figure 3 a flow chart of the present invention a management server. 具体实施方式如图1所示,本发明管理服务器对流媒体服务器集群、用户终端和数据库进行管理。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION As shown in FIG. 1, the management server of the present invention, the streaming media server cluster, the user terminal and database management. 用户终端、管理服务器和流媒体服务器通过路由器互通信息。 User terminal, streaming media server, and the management server through the router to exchange information. 如图2所示:所述的协调多个流媒体服务器的管理服务器的具体包括终端注册管理模块、 数据库查询模块、流媒体服务器群查询模块、终端请求内容管理模块、自定义协调模块和人机交互界面。 2: the specific management server coordinating streaming media server includes a plurality of terminal registration management module, a database query module, the streaming server query module group, the terminal requests the content management module, and human custom coordination module user-interface. 该管理服务器能够通过人机界面对已有的流媒体服务器群进行管理,对流媒体服务器已有的节目信息进行管理,对终端信息和权限进行管理,设定协调机制。 The management server can be man-machine interface through the existing streaming media server group management, streaming media server existing program information management, terminal information and permissions management, setting coordination mechanisms. 终端注册管理模块:处理终端注册事务,包括终端的登录所需的账号密码,以及终端需要制定的界面等级和权限。 Terminal registration management module: processing terminal registration matters, including the required terminal login account and password, as well as the interface level and the need for the rights of the terminal. 该模块能接收终端注册请求,查询数据库确定其权限,向终端发送注册成功或注册失败消息。 The terminal can receive a registration request module, querying a database to determine which authority sends a registration success or failure message to the terminal registration. 该模块通信所用信令格式符合SIP协议。 The signaling format used for communication module compliant with the SIP protocol. 数据库査询模块:处理和数据库的交互通信,进行数据库读写操作。 Database query module: communication processing and interactive database, the database read and write operations. 该模块接受具有管理员权限的数据库连接请求,处理终端注册信息读写、流媒体服务器内容信息读写和协调规则读写。 The database module accepts a connection request has administrator privileges, the terminal registration information read processing, streaming media server, and contents information read write coordination rules. 流媒体服务器群查询模块:处理和流媒体服务器的交互通信。 Streaming media server group query module: processing and interactive communication streaming media server. 该模块查询数据库得到流媒体服务器列表,定时发送查询命令到列表中的各个流媒体服务器,接收流媒休服务器的反馈信息,提交给数据库以更新流媒体服务器状态信息。 The module queries the database to obtain the streaming media server list, send a query command to the timing of the list each streaming media server, the server receives the streaming media break feedback, committed to the database to update the status information of the streaming media server. 终端请求内容管理模块:处理终端请求流媒体内容事务。 Terminal requests the content management module: a terminal handling transaction requests streaming media content. 该模块接受已注册终端的请求内容信令,查询数据库中协调规则和流媒体状态信息,选择最符合协调规则的流媒体服务器, 将所选的流媒体服务器的链接地址发送给终端。 The module accepts the registered terminal requests content signaling, query the database to coordinate rules and streaming status information, select the most consistent with the rules of coordination streaming media server, streaming media server sends the selected link address to the terminal. 自定义协调模块:制定协调机制。 Custom coordination module: to develop coordination mechanisms. 该模块通过人机交互界面填写协调机制参数,提交到数据库存储。 Fill in the module parameters coordination mechanism through man-machine interface, committed to the database storage. 人机交互界面:处理数据库信息的输入输出。 Man-machine interface: a database of information input and output processing. 用于设定自定义协调机制参数,录入终端权限注册信息,查询并显示终端注册信息,查询并显示流媒体服务器状态信息。 Coordination mechanism for setting custom parameters, input terminals authority registration information, query and display terminal registration information, query and display the streaming media server status information. 该管理服务器主要实现以下七个过程:1) 终端注册管理过程(该过程由事件触发,如管理员界面录入事件和终端注册请求到来事件)11) 管理员通过人机界面录入方式,为终端预先设定注册账号、密码、类型和等级,并存入数据库;12) 终端在访问该管理服务器时,发送带有注册账号和密码的注册请求;13) 该管理服务器比对注册账号和密码,确定终端是否合法注册,如果合法,执行步骤21),否则返回错误信息。 The management server to achieve the following seven processes: 1) terminal registration management process (the process is triggered by an event, such as an administrator interface input terminal event and the arrival of an event registration request) 11) man-machine interface by the administrator entry way to the terminal in advance setting registered account, password, type and grade, and stored in the database; 12) when the terminal accesses the management server, transmits registration request with the account and password; 13) than the management server registration account and password, determines whether the terminal legally registered, if legitimate, step 21), otherwise it returns an error message. 2) 终端请求内容过程(该过程由事件触发,以过程l)、 3)为前提条件)21) 在执行l)步骤之后,处理终端内容请求。 2) the terminal requests the content process (which is triggered by an event to process l),. 3) is a prerequisite) 21) after performing l) step, the process content request terminal. 先通过数据库査询模块査询数据库中的协调机制,再根据协调机制査询可用的流媒体服务器信息,将查询到的信息进行排序;22) 该管理服务器根据终端权限信息,选择该终端可访问的流媒体服务器上的节目单内容列表,通过终端请求内容管理模块返回给终端。 To query database query module coordination mechanism through a database, and then query the available information based on the streaming media server coordination mechanism, to query information to sort; 22) of the rights information management server terminal, access terminal may select the program guide content list on the streaming media server, a request by the terminal management module returns the content to the terminal. 3) 流媒体服务器查询过程(该过程可由协调规则设定过程5)为触发条件,默认为计算机周期定时执行)31) 流媒休服务器群中各服务器均与该管理服务器上的流媒体服务器查询模块通讯,接受管理服务器的査询;32) 流媒体服务器向该管理服务器发送该流媒体服务器上的节目信息和当前运行状态信息;33) 该管理服务器接收到流媒体服务器信息后,通过数据库査询模块进行数据库更新。 3) streaming media server query process (which may be harmony rule setting process 5) of the trigger condition, the default is a computer execute a timing cycle) 31) streaming off each server farm queries servers on the streaming media server management server communications module, a management server receiving the query; 32) to the streaming media server management server transmits the program information on the stream media server and the current operating status information; 33) after the management server receives the streaming media server information, search through the database Inquiry module database updates. 4) 界面管理节目过程(该过程由事件触发,以过程2)或3)为前提)41) 管理员通过人机交互界面设定节目的类别和等级,在步骤33)之后,管理员还可以通过人机交互界面更新节目的类别和等级;42) 在歩骤22)中,选择该终端可访问的流媒体服务器上的节目单内容列表,是根据终端的类型和等级选择包含相应类别、等级的节目单内容列表。 4) After the interface management program process (which is triggered by an event to procedure 2) or 3) as a precondition) 41) set by the administrator of the program by the category and level of the man-machine interface, in step 33), the administrator can computer interaction interface updating the program type and grade; 42) in ho step 22), selecting a program listing on a single content streaming server accessible to the terminal, the terminal comprising respective category type and level selected according to grade playbill content list. 5) 界面设置协调机制过程(该过程由事件触发)51)通过人机交互界面设定协调机制参数,由自定义协调模块制定协调机制,存入数据库;协调机制参数包括流媒体服务器群地址列表、查询流媒体服务器的吋间周期、单台流媒体服务器连接终端上限、单台流媒体服务器允许终端访问的权限、单台流媒体服务器的节目单有效时间和协调规则的有效时间;6) 协调过程(该过程由事件触发,以过程2)为前提条件)61)在歩骤31)中,该管理服务器根据协调机制参数中的査询流媒体服务器的时间周期定时査询流媒体服务器群地址列表中的每个流媒体服务器,每个流媒体服务器向该管理服务器告知其工作状态,该管理服务器更新数据库中的流媒体服务器状态信息;62)在歩骤21)中,查询可用的流媒体服务器信息并排序,是根据l办调机制参数中的,.台流媒体服务器连接 5) interface settings coordination mechanism process (the process is triggered by an event) 51) to set the parameters coordination mechanism through man-machine interface, a custom module to coordinate the development of coordination mechanisms, stored in the database; coordination mechanism parameters include streaming media server group address list inter inch query streaming media server cycle, a single streaming server connected to the terminal cap, a single streaming server to allow the terminal to access rights, a single streaming server program from the effective time and coordination rules effective time; 6) coordination process (which is triggered by an event to process 2) is a prerequisite) 61) ho step 31), the management server polling the streaming media server group address according to a time period parameter query coordination mechanism streaming media server each list of streaming media server, each streaming media server to inform the operation state management server, streaming media server to the management server updates the state information database; 62) ho step 21), the query available streaming server and ordering information is,. l streaming media server connection parameters do transfer mechanism in accordance with 端上限、单台流媒体服务器允许终端访问的权限、单台流媒体服务器的节冃单有效时间进行排序。 Upper end, the streaming media server allows a single access terminal permission section Mao single valid time streaming media server single sort. 64)在歩骤33)该管理服务器对流媒体服务器査询时,若某个流媒体服务器长时间未与该管理服务器联系,该管理服务器则将该流媒体服务器状态信息修改为无效,直到该流媒体服务器再次发送状态信息,该管理服务器则更新数据库信息。 64) In step 33 ho) of the streaming media server queries the management server, streaming media server when a long time is not associated with the management server, the management server is the server status information of the streaming media modified as invalid, until the stream the media server sends status information again, the management server updates the database information. 该管理服务器中各种信息的说明:终端信息:终端只有在管理服务器中登记注册后,管理服务器才处理该终端的请求,终端信息可以根据业务的拓展进行界面修改。 The management server described various pieces of information: the terminal information: the terminal only requests the management server after the registration, before dealing with the management server of the terminal, the terminal information may be modified according to the interface to expand their business. 终端信息包括终端帐号ID、终端认证信息、终端允许收看节目权限、终端帐单付费信息、帐号有效期等。 Terminal information includes an account ID, terminal authentication information, terminal allows to watch programs permissions, bill payment terminal information, the account expiration date. 流媒体服务器信息:通过流媒体服务器的信息,进行流媒体服务器的登记管理,在运行过程中,与流媒体服务器进行通讯,交互服务器上的节目信息,获取该服务器的状态信息等。 Streaming server information: The stream media server, registration and management of streaming media server, during operation, the program information on the performed communications, the interactive server and the streaming media server to obtain status information of the server. 数据库信息:根据管理服务器的设计,需要记录信息包括:流媒体服务器信息、终端信息、节目信息等,在管理服务器运行过程中,需要对这些信息的进行增加、修改、删除和査询工作。 Database information: According to the design management server, you need to record information includes: streaming media server information, terminal information, program information, etc., in the process management server is running, it is necessary to carry out such information to add, modify, delete, and query work. 流媒体服务器协调信息:流媒体服务器总数、单台流媒体服务器允许接入终端数上限、 单台流媒体服务器当前接入终端数、单台流媒体服务器当前节目单、单台流媒体服务器当前终端访问权限、中.台流媒体服务器当前运行状态等。 Streaming media server coordination information: Total number of streaming media server, streaming media server allows a single maximum number of access terminals, a single streaming server a current access terminals, and the single program from the current streaming media server, streaming media server single current terminal access rights, in. streaming media server is currently running status. 节目信息:节目ID,节目名称,节目链接地址(URL),节目文件大小,节目类型等。 Program information: program ID, program name, program link address (URL), the program file size, type of program. 管理服务器根据流媒体服务器上传的节目信息,写入数据库;对流媒体服务器所做的节目增加、删除等消息作相应的处理,同时可以自行对数据库中的节目进行分类、分级管理,给客户多种选择的余地,提供更多的业务类别。 The program information management server streaming media server uploaded into the database; increased program does streaming media server, and delete processing for the corresponding message, and may of its own database and program classification, hierarchical management, to the customer a variety of choice, providing more business categories. 发送给终端的节目单信息包括:流媒体服务器地址、流媒体服务器节目菜单、流媒体服务器允许访问密钥等。 Transmitting the program guide information to the terminal comprises: address streaming media server, the streaming server program menu, the streaming server to allow access to the key and the like. 根据上述管理服务器,如图2所示,整个系统的工作流程如下:(1) 该管理服务器开启,连接数据库,与数据库保持连接;(2) 该管理服务器通过人机交互界面设定管理的流媒体服务器的IP、端口等流媒体服务器信息,设定管理服务器的协调机制和终端信息。 According to the management server shown in Figure 2, the workflow of the whole system is as follows: (1) open to the management server, connected to a database, the database remains connected; stream (2) of the management server through the management of the man-machine interface setting IP media server, streaming media server port information and the like, and coordination mechanisms terminal information setting management server. 协调机制参数包括流媒体服务器群地址列表、查询流媒体服务器的时间周期、单台流媒体服务器连接终端上限、单台流媒体服务器允许终端访问的权限、单台流媒体服务器的节目单有效时间和协调规则的有效时间。 Permissions coordination mechanism parameters including streaming media server group address lists, query streaming media server period of time, the connection terminal cap a single streaming server, a single streaming server allows the terminal to access the program single streaming server single effective time and effective time coordination rules. (3) 流媒体服务器群中各服务器均与该管理服务器上的流媒体服务器查询模块通讯,接受管理服务器的查询。 (3) streaming media server cluster servers to communicate with each streaming media server query module on the management server, the management server accepts queries. 该管理服务器根据协调机制参数中的査询流媒体服务器的时间周期定时査询流媒体服务器群地址列表中的每个流媒体服务器,每个流媒体服务器向管理服务器告知其工作状态,管理服务器更新数据库中的流媒体服务器状态信息。 The management server coordination mechanism based on the time period parameter query in streaming media server streaming media server group regularly check the list of addresses for each streaming media server, streaming media server for each state to inform their work management server, the management server updates streaming server status information in the database. 管理服务器对流媒体服务器査询时,若某个流媒体服务器被破坏,管理服务器更新流媒体服务器群地址列表,去掉该流媒体服务器。 When the management server streaming media server query, if a streaming media server is destroyed, the management server updates the streaming media server group address list, remove the streaming media server. (4) 该管理服务器根据流媒体服务器的TP和端口等,更新数据库中的流媒体服务器信息记录;(5) 流媒体服务器向管理服务器发送该服务器上的节目信息和当前运行状态信息,该管理服务器通过数据库査询模块将流媒体服务器上传的节目按照格式写入到数据库中;(6) 该管理服务器通过节目管理,对节目进行分类、分级别;(7) 该管理服务器对终端进行等级处理,录入终端信息,包括注册账号、密码、类型和等级,并存入数据库;(8) 终端通过帐户密码访问管理服务器。 (4) the management server TP and ports streaming media server, the streaming media server information record update database; (5) streaming server sends the program information and the current operating status of the information on the server with the management server, the management query the database server through the streaming media server module to upload the program written in the format to the database; level process (7) of the terminal management server; (6) the management server, the program classified by a program management, sub-level , input terminal information, including registration account, password, type and grade, and stored in the database; (8) terminal through an account password to access the management server. 如果终端己经注册则査询数据库,根据管理服务器设定的协调规则和终端级别査询可用的流媒体服务器信息,将査询到的信息进行排序。 If the terminal is already registered then query the database, query the available streaming media server information according to the rules of coordination and terminal management server level set by the queried information to be sorted. 排序方法是根据协调机制参数中的单台流媒体服务器连接终端上限、单台流媒体服务器允许终端访问的权限、单台流媒体服务器的节目单有效时间来进行。 Sorting method according to the coordination mechanism is connected to a single parameter limit streaming server terminal, the streaming server to allow a single terminal to access rights, the effective time of a single program from the streaming server to perform. (9) 该管理服务器再根据终端权限信息,选择该终端可访问的流媒体服务器卜.的节目单内容,生成节目单,等待空闲时则返回到读取协调规则的阶段;如果终端未注册则拒绝服务;(10) 该管理服务器将节目单发送给终端;(11) 终端收到节目单后,根据节目单信息,选择要观看的节目进行收看。 . (9) and then the management server authority information according to the terminal, the terminal may select to access the streaming media server Bu single program content, generating bills, return to the reading phase at the coordination rule wait idle; if the terminal is not registered denial of service; (10) the single management server transmits the program to the terminal; (11) the terminal receives the program guide, the program guide information according to, select the program to be viewed is viewing. 下而对节目信息的获取和节目单的生成进行说明:本发明中的最大特点就是将流媒体服务器和管理工作区分开来,通过一个专门的管理服务器来管理流媒休服务器群和终端信息,这样既方便终端的管理维护,同时也使多个流媒体服务器得到最大的利用。 While generating access and program listings of program information will be described below: In the present invention, the biggest feature of the streaming media server and a management area separate, managed by a dedicated management server streaming Hugh server farms and the terminal information, such convenient maintenance management terminal, and also a plurality of streaming servers to get the maximum use. 而现在的关键是终端如何获取不同流媒体服务器卜的节目单。 The key now is how to get a different terminal streaming media server BU playbill. 首先,流媒体服务器将自己服务器上已有的节目向管理服务器注册,管理服务器将这些节目信息以及节目信息的来源存入到数据库节目表中,这里,流媒体服务器也可以设置成自动完成所有节目的注册,也可以由流媒体服务器管理者选择性的注册节目。 First, the existing streaming media server program on your own server to register with the management server, the management server will be credited to the program information and the sources of program information into a database program table, where the streaming media server can be set to automatically complete all the programs registration, the program may be selectively registered by the streaming server administrator. 管理服务器在运行后,设定管理服务器对所管理的流媒体服务器群设定工作时的协调机制,包括查询流媒体服务器的时间周期、单台流媒体服务器连接终端上限、单台流媒体服务器允许终端访问的权限、单台流媒体服务器的节目单有效时间和协调规则的有效时间;也可以简单的通过设置单个流媒体服务器负载上限或者负载均衡、就近原则等。 After running the management server, the management server setting coordination mechanisms managed by the streaming media server cluster set, including the time period query streaming media server, streaming media server connected to a single terminal cap allows a single streaming server access rights of the terminal, streaming media server program from a single coordination rules effective time and an effective time; may also be simply provided by a single streaming server load balancing or load limit, and so the principle of proximity. 通过设定这样的协调机制,在实时的获取流媒体服务器群的工作状态后,就可以尽可能的使网络和服务器的利用率达到最优。 By setting such a coordinating mechanism, after the acquisition of real-time work status of the streaming server farm, you can make the utilization of the network and server to achieve optimal as possible. 当终端登录时,管理服务器验证终端的账号和密码等信息;如果终端存在,管理服务器检测存在的服务器的状态,根据终端的等级和权限以及管理服务器设定的协调机制,得到网络可用的流媒体服务器。 When the terminal logs in, the terminal authentication information management server account and password and the like; if the terminal exists, the state of the server detects the presence management server, according to the rights and privileges of the terminal management server and coordination mechanisms set streaming network is available to give server. 最后,根据选择的流媒体服务器和终端的权限,査找节目信息表,按照与终端约定的格式,将这些节目信息写成表单形式,发送给终端。 Finally, according to the rights streaming server and the terminal selected program information table lookup, with the terminal in accordance with the agreed format, the program information written in these forms form sent to the terminal. 在管理服务器中,还可以进行多种增值服务,如对流媒体服务器中的节目进行分类管理、 分级管理,根据终端的权限,返回不同的节目单。 In the management server, it can also carry out a variety of value-added services, such as streaming media server program category management, classification management, under the authority of the terminal, and returns playbill. 8该管理服务器还有一个比较好的优点就是:终端登录后,获取的节目单不会因为管理服务器的原因而无法收看节目,避免了因管理服务器的网络安全问题影响到客户的使用。 8 This management server also has a good advantage is: After the terminal login, access to the program will not be because of a single management server can not watch the program, to avoid problems due to network security management server affect the customer's use. 最后应说明的是,以上实施例仅用以说明本发明而并非限制本发明所描述的技术方案; 因此,尽管本说明参照上述的各个实施例对本发明进行消息的说明,但是,本领域的普通技术人员应该理解,仍然可以对本发明进行修改或者等同替换。 Finally, it should be noted that the embodiment just above embodiments to illustrate the invention and do not limit the technical solutions described in the present invention; Therefore, while this description of the present invention will be described with a message reference to various embodiments described above, however, the ordinary skilled the art will appreciate still present invention may be modified or equivalents.

Claims (7)

1.一种协调多个流媒体服务器的管理服务器,其特征在于包括终端注册管理模块、数据库查询模块、流媒体服务器群查询模块、终端请求内容管理模块、自定义协调模块和人机交互界面,其中: 终端注册管理模块:处理终端注册事务; 数据库查询模块:处理和数据库的交互通信,进行数据库读写操作; 流媒体服务器群查询模块:处理同流媒体服务器的交互通信; 终端请求内容管理模块:处理终端请求流媒体内容的事务; 自定义协调模块:输入和制定协调机制; 人机交互界面:处理数据库信息的输入输出。 A plurality of the streaming media server to coordinate the management server, characterized by comprising a terminal registration management module, a database query module, the streaming server query module group, the terminal requests the content management module, and a coordination module custom interactive interface, wherein: the terminal registration management module: registration processing terminal; database query module: communication processing and interactive database, the database read and write operations; streaming media server query module group: an interactive communication with the processing streaming media server; terminal requests the content management module : transaction processing terminal requests the streaming media content; custom coordination module: input and developing coordination mechanism; man-machine interface: a database of information input and output process.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的协调多个流媒体服务器的管理服务器,其特征在于,其管理流媒体服务器群的节目信息,具体包括以下歩骤:21) 流媒体服务器群中各服务器均与该管理服务器上的流媒体服务器查询模块通讯,接受管理服务器的査询;22) 流媒体服务器向管理服务器发送该服务器上的节目信息和当前运行状态信息;23) 管理服务器通过数据库查询模块对流媒体服务器信息进行数据库的更新。 The coordination of multiple streaming media server management server according to claim 1, wherein the streaming media server that manages the program group information, including the following step ho: 21) each streaming media server cluster servers and streaming server query module communication on the management server, the management server accepts queries; 22) streaming server sends program information on the server and the current operating status information to the management server; 23) a database query module management server through a streaming media server information to update the database.
3. 根据权利要求2所述的协调多个流媒体服务器的管理服务器,其特征是在处理终端内容请求的过程中,根据设定的协调机制来选择已有的节目,具体包括:31) 在歩骤21)之前,通过人机交互界面设定协调机制参数,由自定义协调模块制定协调机制,存入数据库;32) 在处理终端内容请求的过程中,先通过数据库査询模块査询数据库中的协调机制, 再根据协调机制査询可用的流媒体服务器信息,将查询到的信息进行排序;33) 将查询到的信息进行排序后,该管理服务器根据终端权限信息,选择该终端可访问的流媒体服务器上的节目单内容列表,通过终端请求内容管理模块返回给终端。 The coordination of multiple streaming media server management server according to claim 2, wherein the content of the terminal during the processing of the request, the coordination mechanism according to the existing set of selected program, specifically includes: 31) ho before step 21), the parameter setting mechanism coordinated through man-machine interface, developed by the coordination mechanism custom coordination module, stored in the database; 32) during the processing of the terminal in the content request, to query the database via a database query module the coordination mechanism, the streaming media server then check information is available, the query information to be ordered according to the coordination mechanism; 33) after the query to the sorting information, the rights information management server terminal, access terminal may select the program guide content list on the streaming media server, a request by the terminal management module returns the content to the terminal.
4. 根据权利要求3所述的协调多个流媒体服务器的管理服务器,其特征是在管理节目信息和选择节目信息时,对节目进行分类、分级别,具体包括:41) 通过人机交互界面设定节目的类别和等级,在步骤23)之后,还通过人机交互界面更新节目的类别和等级;42) 在步骤33)中,选择该终端可访问的流媒体服务器上的节目单内容列表,是根据终端的类型和等级选择包含相应类别、等级的节目单内容列表。 A management server according to claim coordinating multiple streaming media server of claim 3, wherein the program information in the management information, and selects a program, the program classification, sub-level, specifically includes: 41) by a man-machine interface setting the program type and grade, after step 23), through the man-machine interface to update the program type and grade; 42) in step 33), selecting a program listing on a single content streaming server accessible to the terminal , the terminal type is selected according to the grade and the content list comprising the corresponding single class or rank of the program.
5. 根据权利要求4所述的协调多个流媒体服务器的管理服务器,其特征是在对终端进行注册管理的同时实现终端权限的设定,在步骤32)之前,具体包括以下歩骤:51) 管理员通过人机界面录入方式,为终端预先设定包括注册账号、密码、类型和等级, 并存入数据库;52) 终端在访问该管理服务器时,发送带有注册账号和密码的注册请求;53) 该管理服务器比对注册账号和密码,确定终端是否合法注册,如果合法,执行歩骤32),否则返回错误信息。 The coordination of multiple streaming media server management server according to claim 4, characterized in that at the same time to achieve a terminal registration management authority setting terminal, prior to step 32), ho step specifically includes the following: 51 ) entered via the HMI administrator mode, the terminal is set in advance includes a registered account, password, type and grade, and stored in the database; 52) when the terminal accesses the management server, transmits registration request with the account and password ; 53) the management server than registered account and password, to determine whether the terminal legally registered, if legitimate, ho execution step 32), otherwise it returns an error message.
6. 根据权利要求3、 4或5所述的协调多个流媒体服务器的管理服务器,其特征在于, 所述的管理服务器通过协调机制协调多个流媒体服务器,使网络达到均衡负载,具体包括:61) 在歩骤31)中,协调机制参数包括流媒体服务器群地址列表、查询流媒体服务器的时间周期、单台流媒体服务器连接终端上限、单台流媒体服务器允许终端访问的权限、单台流媒体服务器的节目单有效时间和协调规则的有效时间;62) 在歩骤21)中,该管理服务器根据协调机制参数中的查询流媒体服务器的时间周期定时查询流媒体服务器群地址列表中的每个流媒体服务器,每个流媒体服务器向管理服务器告知其工作状态,管理服务器更新数据库中的流媒体服务器状态信息;63) 在歩骤32)中,查询可用的流媒体服务器信息并排序,是根据协调机制参数中的单台流媒体服务器连接终端 A management server according to claim coordinating multiple streaming media server 3, 4 or 5, characterized in that said management server through a streaming server to coordinate multiple coordinating mechanisms to achieve load balancing network, comprises : 61) ho step 31), the coordination mechanism parameter comprises streaming media server group address list, the time period query streaming media server, a single streaming server connected to the terminal cap, a single streaming server to allow the terminal to access rights, single program single effective time and coordination rules effective time streaming media server; 62) ho step 21), the management server based on the time period coordination mechanism parameter query streaming media server polling the streaming media server group address list each streaming media server, each streaming media server informs the management server of its operating state, the streaming media server management server updates the state information database; 63) in ho step 32), the query information available in the streaming media server and ordering , is connected to the coordination mechanism according to the parameters of a single streaming server terminal 限、单台流媒体服务器允许终端访问的权限、单台流媒体服务器的节目单有效时间进行排序。 Limit, a single streaming server allows terminal access privileges, programs streaming media server a single time effective to sort.
7. 根据权利要求6所述的协调多个流媒体服务器的管理服务器,其特征是:步骤21)管理服务器对流媒体服务器查询时,若某个流媒体服务器被破坏,管理服务器更新流媒体服务器群地址列表,去掉该流媒体服务器。 A management server according to claim coordinating multiple streaming media server of claim 6, wherein: step 21) queries the management server streaming media server, when a streaming media server is broken, the management server updates the streaming media server cluster address lists, remove the streaming media server.
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CN105391969A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-09 广东亿迅科技有限公司 Distributed video conference system and terminal conference participating method
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