CN101260637A - Fishhook-type rotary omnidirectional overpass for road - Google Patents

Fishhook-type rotary omnidirectional overpass for road Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101260637A
CN101260637A CNA2008100864643A CN200810086464A CN101260637A CN 101260637 A CN101260637 A CN 101260637A CN A2008100864643 A CNA2008100864643 A CN A2008100864643A CN 200810086464 A CN200810086464 A CN 200810086464A CN 101260637 A CN101260637 A CN 101260637A
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road
bridge
overpass
section
fishhook
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CNA2008100864643A
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Chinese (zh)
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安岗
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安岗
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Priority to CNA2008100864643A priority Critical patent/CN101260637A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure

Abstract

The invention relates to a lane changing omnidirectional interchanging method of a cross road. A U-turn ramp is built in an overhead area at the two ends of a bottom layer of a flyover to ensure that one flyover has the two functions of direct movement and U-turn. In addition, fishhook turn-over overpasses are built on the two sides of the flyover are respectively, each fishhook turn-over overpass solves the problems of left-hand bend in two directions of traffic and the U-turn of vehicles in one direction of main road. Before a driver reaches the overpass, the driver needs to select the direct movement or turning and can change the lane to run in any directions only running on the overpass for one time. The overpass can be built underground completely, three interchanging ramps can solve the omnidirectional interchanging problem which can be solved by at least five interchanging ramps. Therefore, the overpass is the simplest and the most convenient omnidirectional overpass. The overpass has the advantages that the occupied area is small, the buildings on the roadside are not dismantled, and the construction unaffecting the traffic can be operated, thereby being suitable for being built in the center of a city.

Description

Fishhook-type rotary omnidirectional overpass for road
The present invention is that to be " 200410101053.9 ", denomination of invention be " fishhook-type rotary omnidirectional overpass for road ", the applying date dividing an application for the application for a patent for invention in " December 07 in 2004 " day to application number.
One, the present invention relates to improved omnidirectional crossroads is simplified in a kind of lane change of road cross junction, three interchange ramp bridges of this human have just all solved omnidirectional's grade separation method that five interchange ramp bridges of present minimum needs could solve, and are omnidirectional crossroads the simplest in the present known patent, most convenient.The construction that has few occupation of land, do not need to tear the roadside buildings thing open, can not influence traffic suits in the down town construction very much.
Two, now the whole world is existing or at the omnidirectional crossroads of building, and is not will take up an area of to reach nearly 100,000 square metres, and the construction that need carry out three layers or even four layers exactly on road has the mutilevel overpass that reaches tens trails most.The downtown area is the serious area that blocks up, and needs most the construction omnidirectional crossroads.Build in the down town with taking up an area of many methods, need to remove a large amount of buildings, thereby total expenditure of construction of every omnidirectional crossroads is therefore up to several hundred million units even will be above 1,000,000,000 yuan.Solve and carry out multi-level grade separation, reduce though take up an area of to some extent, but the bridge construction expense rolls up, the noise problem and the overpass bridge periphery driving inconvenience more of particularly driving a vehicle and being brought, make the commercial value of overpass bridge surrounding buildings thing significantly devalue, thus lost the commercial centre status, such overpass bridge has necessity of construction?
Three, the objective of the invention is to design in order thoroughly to solve the traffic jam of downtown area, the lane change omnidirectional crossroads that relates to a kind of road cross junction, it is to build the tune ring road in built on stilts district, the two ends of general bridge crossing bottom, a bridge crossing has just been born kept straight on and binomial such as tune function.Respectively build a fishhook-type rotating overpass again on the both sides of bridge crossing in addition, every fishhook-type reversing bridge all is responsible for solving the left-hand bend of two direction of traffics and the tune problem of a major trunk roads direction vehicle.
The driver is when reaching this overpass bridge, and only needing to select is to keep straight on, or turn, and last bridge just can be finished the lane change to any direction running.This overpass bridge can carry out full infrastructure fully, and three interchange ramp bridges just all solve omnidirectional's grade separation, are omnidirectional crossroads the simplest in the present known patent, most convenient.The construction that has few occupation of land, do not need to tear the roadside buildings thing open, can not influence traffic suits in the down town construction very much.Fishhook-type rotary omnidirectional overpass for road comprises:
1, at right-angled intersection, selecting a wideest road is major road.Right-angled intersection with the major road vertical direction above set up bridge crossing (B) or be connected less important arterial highway by subterranean tunnel (B), set under the e section of bridge crossing clear height and be that e section high is 6 meters in 6 meters or the tunnel.Part is built the tune ring road (j section) for the secondary road service below the bridge crossing on major road both sides, this bridge crossing has just been born kept straight on and binomial such as tune function.The upper and lower gradient of setting bridge crossing is 10 to spend that (the full ground construction structure of this bridge crossing of d section L and band pedestrian overcrossing structural representation are Fig. 1 to 20 degree.Complete underground construction structure and band pedestrian overcrossing structural representation are Fig. 2, (F) are safe baffle area:
2, respectively build a fishhook-type two-wire revolution cross-line overpass bridge (A) in the upper and lower part of the major road on the both sides of bridge crossing, this fishhook-type two-wire reversing bridge all on the ground the construction structure schematic diagram be Fig. 1, fishhook-type two-wire reversing bridge is divided into three sections compositions: a section is last bridge ramp, the gradient be 7 spend to 10 the degree: the b section is the circular arc bridge crossing, setting under-clearance is 6 meters, for improving road speed, be high outside and low outside slope bridge with the construction of circular arc bridge crossing, the gradient is 3 degree; The c section is the Xia Qiao ramp, the gradient be 15 spend to 25 the degree.Every fishhook-type reversing bridge all is responsible for solving the left-hand bend of two direction of traffics and the tune problem of a major trunk roads direction vehicle.
The complete underground construction structure schematic diagram in this fishhook-type two-wire revolution tunnel (A) be Fig. 2, and fishhook-type two-wire revolution tunnel also is divided into three sections compositions: a section is the gug that enters the tunnel, and the gradient is 15 to spend to 25 and spend; The b section is circular arc cross-line tunnel, and the road clear height is 6 meters in the setting tunnel, for improving road speed, is high outside and low outside road surface, slope with circular arc cross-line tunnel construction, and the gradient is 3 degree; The c section is the up gradient that the tunnel, the gradient be 7 spend to 10 the degree.The left-hand bend of two direction of traffics and the tune problem of a major trunk roads direction vehicle all are responsible for solving in every fishhook-type revolution tunnel;
3, at the place, plane, both sides, ramp that connects less important arterial highway bridge crossing (B), construction has the driving discrepancy ring road (P2) with three direction turning function of two-wire runway, at the place, plane, outside of fishhook-type two-wire reversing bridge, build the right-hand bend discrepancy ring road (PI) of main trunk road:
4, for making things convenient for the pedestrian to go across the road, adding people from Construction Bank overline bridge (R) schematic diagram on the both sides that connect less important arterial highway bridge crossing (B) is Fig. 1: the f section of wearing less important arterial highway bridge crossing (B) under pedestrian overcrossing, the bottom construction is communal bathroom (public lavatory w c), and top is the walkway.Respectively set up one to be that taxi (TAXI) or other car personnel need temporary parking position easily on the both sides, public lavatory.In the h of pedestrian overcrossing section, except that stair activity and slope commonly used, we increase elevator and help upward overline bridge of pedestrian.For remedying elevator investment and day-to-day operation expense, be that retail shop hires out with g section ground and two layers of construction of pedestrian overcrossing, the q section is the pedestrian overpass.
In complete underground construction cross-line tunnel, add people from Construction Bank overline bridge (R) schematic diagram 2 if desired aloft: connect the f section of less important arterial highway at pedestrian overcrossing, the bottom construction is communal bathroom (public lavatory we), and top is the walkway.Respectively set up one to be that taxi (TAXI) or other car personnel need temporary parking position easily on the both sides, public lavatory.In the h of pedestrian overcrossing section, except that stair activity and slope commonly used, we increase elevator and help upward overline bridge of pedestrian.For remedying elevator investment and day-to-day operation expense, be that retail shop hires out with g section ground and two layers of construction of pedestrian overcrossing, the q section is the pedestrian overpass;
5, for guaranteeing the safety of fishhook-type two-wire reversing bridge b section circular arc bridge crossing, build branch of clivus buttress (D) at the outer arc place, the outward thrust that is produced to dissolve in the driving is to destruction of bridge;
6, this omnidirectional crossroads can not influence the construction of traffic:
At first i0 rice is respectively widened on the major road both sides of crossroad, long i00 rice is new road, takies 20 meters wide segment paths then and begins to build fishhook-type two-wire reversing bridge (A) or tunnel (A), estimates that the construction period is 4 to 5 months.
After fishhook-type two-wire reversing bridge (A) or tunnel (A) build up, widen each 10 meters on both sides, less important thousand road, long 100 meters and be interim new road, allow all vehicles of less important arterial highway all finish and keep straight on or left-hand bend by fishhook-type two-wire reversing bridge (A) or tunnel (A).We carry out the construction of bridge crossing (B) or tunnel (B) and pedestrian overcrossing (R) part at the 15 meters parts in centre of sealing less important arterial highway then, estimate that the construction period is 4 to 5 months.
Stride Duan Qiao (B) or tunnel (B) build finish and come into operation after, remove the interim new road of I and connect the work of pedestrian overcrossing, estimate that the duration is 2 months.
Fig. 1, be the construction structure schematic diagram of fishhook-type rotary omnidirectional crossroads of band pedestrian overcrossing:
Fig. 2, be the rack construction structure schematic diagram of building with underground tunnel fully of fishhook-type rotary omnidirectional crossroads of bridge of band people;
Appointment Fig. 1 is a Figure of abstract.
Specify the realization of running mode below in conjunction with Fig. 1.
In Fig. 1, the north and south road is that bottom, thing road are connected by bridge crossing, be labeled as arrow 1, arrow 2, arrow 3, arrow 4 total four directions from four traffic routes of the south, be labeled as arrow 5, arrow 6, arrow 7, arrow 8 total four directions from four traffic routes of the North, the mode of travelling of all directions is:
Arrow 1 is a straight-line travelling route from south to north, and this route northwards travels always;
The left-hand bend route of arrow 2 for being travelled by south east, arrow 3 is for needing the travel route of tune.After arrow 2, arrow 3 turn round descending the crossing of cross-line overpass bridge (A) from first fishhook-type two-wire forward, by dealings district (E) last second fishhook-type cross-line revolution cross-line overpass bridge (A).Right-hand bend enters the turning car discrepancy ring road (P2) that the two-wire driving lane is arranged in the plane construction of the both sides, ramp of less important arterial highway bridge crossing (B) behind 2 times bridges of arrow, and then finishes left-hand bend and travel eastwards.Enter by north orientation south travel direction by lane change district (E) behind 3 times bridges of arrow and finish the tune process;
Arrow 4 is the right-hand bend travel route by the south orientation west, enter the right-hand bend people ring road (P1) of the main trunk road of building on the plane, outside of fish hook two-wire reversing bridge from first fishhook-type two-wire revolution cross-line overpass bridge (A) front, and then turn right and to enter at the turning car that the two-wire driving lane is arranged of the both sides, ramp of less important arterial highway bridge crossing (B) the plane construction ring road (P2) of coming in and going out, and then finish right-hand bend and westwards travel:
Arrow 5 northwards the right-hand bend travel route of west of serving as reasons, enter from the turning car that the two-wire driving lane is arranged of both sides, the ramp plane construction of less important arterial highway bridge crossing (B) ring road (P2) of coming in and going out, the right-hand rotation that enters from fishhook-type two-wire revolution cross-line overpass bridge (A) limit at the main trunk road of plane, the outside construction of fishhook-type two-wire reversing bridge bend into ring road (P1), and then finishes right-hand bend and northwards travel:
The left-hand bend route of arrow 6 for travelling by east orientation south, the turning car that the two-wire driving lane is arranged that at first enters both sides, the ramp plane construction of less important arterial highway bridge crossing (B) ring road (P2) of coming in and going out, turn right then and go up fishhook-type two-wire revolution cross-line overpass bridge (A): arrow 6 enters by north orientation south travel direction by lane change district (E) behind bridge down and finishes the left-hand bend process;
Arrow 7 is for needing the travel route of tune, at first enter the turning car discrepancy ring road (P2) that the two-wire driving lane is arranged of both sides, the ramp plane construction of less important arterial highway bridge crossing (B), left-hand bend is by the tune ring road j section of the secondary road of the below construction of bridge crossing then, turn left to get back to the turning car discrepancy ring road (P2) that the two-wire driving lane is arranged of both sides, the ramp plane construction of less important arterial highway bridge crossing (B) again, finish the tune process of travel direction from west to east:
Arrow 8 is straight-line travelling route from east to west, and this route is to pass to set up bridge crossing (B) with the top of major road vertical direction and westwards travel always.

Claims (5)

1, a kind of omnidirectional overpass for road, it is characterized in that: build fishhook-type revolution cross-line overpass bridge (A) or fishhook-type revolution tunnel (A) in the upper and lower part of right-angled intersection major road, this fishhook-type reversing bridge is divided into three sections compositions: a section is the ramp, the b section is the arc bridge crossing, the c section is the ramp, and every fishhook-type reversing bridge all is responsible for solving the turning of two direction of traffics and the tune problem of a major trunk roads direction vehicle;
This fishhook-type revolution tunnel also is divided into three sections compositions: a section is the ramp, and the b section is arc cross-line tunnel, and the c section is the ramp, and the turning of two direction of traffics and the tune problem of a major trunk roads direction vehicle all are responsible for solving in every fishhook-type revolution tunnel; Place, plane, outside in fishhook-type reversing bridge or fishhook-type revolution tunnel (A), building has the turning discrepancy ring road (P1) that connects main trunk road.
2, omnidirectional overpass for road as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: right-angled intersection with the major road vertical direction above set up bridge crossing (B) or be connected less important arterial highway by subterranean tunnel (B), part is built the tune ring road (j) for the secondary road service below the bridge crossing on major road both sides, this bridge crossing has just been born kept straight on and binomial such as tune function; At the place, plane, both sides, ramp that connects less important arterial highway bridge crossing (B) or subterranean tunnel (B), build the driving discrepancy ring road (P2) that multi-thread runway is arranged with three direction turning function.
3, omnidirectional overpass for road as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: go across the road for making things convenient for the pedestrian, add people from Construction Bank overline bridge (R) on the both sides that connect less important arterial highway bridge crossing (B); Wear the f section of less important arterial highway bridge crossing (B) under pedestrian overcrossing, the bottom construction is a communal bathroom, and the roof, top is the walkway; Respectively set up one to be that taxi or other car personnel need temporary parking position easily on the both sides, public lavatory; In the h of pedestrian overcrossing section, except that stair activity and slope commonly used, increase elevator and help upward overline bridge of pedestrian; With the g section construction of pedestrian overcrossing is retail shop, and the q section is the pedestrian overpass.
4, omnidirectional overpass for road as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: in complete underground construction cross-line tunnel, add people from Construction Bank overline bridge (R) aloft; Connect the f section of less important arterial highway at pedestrian overcrossing, the bottom construction is a communal bathroom, and the roof, top is the walkway; Respectively set up one to be that taxi or other car personnel need temporary parking position easily on the both sides, public lavatory; In the h of pedestrian overcrossing section, except that stair activity and slope commonly used, increase elevator and help upward overline bridge of pedestrian; The g section construction of pedestrian overcrossing is a retail shop, and the q section is the pedestrian overpass.
5, omnidirectional overpass for road as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: for guaranteeing the safety of fishhook-type reversing bridge b section arc bridge crossing, build branch of clivus buttress (D) at the outer arc place, the outward thrust that is produced to dissolve in the driving is to destruction of bridge.
CNA2008100864643A 2004-12-07 2004-12-07 Fishhook-type rotary omnidirectional overpass for road Pending CN101260637A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102587242A (en) * 2012-03-19 2012-07-18 上海海事大学 Cross road overpass
CN104452574A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-03-25 河海大学 Novel ramp bridge structure and construction method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102587242A (en) * 2012-03-19 2012-07-18 上海海事大学 Cross road overpass
CN104452574A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-03-25 河海大学 Novel ramp bridge structure and construction method thereof
CN104452574B (en) * 2014-11-12 2016-05-04 河海大学 A kind of ramp bridge structure and construction method thereof

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