CN101259477A - City garbage specification recovery processing device - Google Patents

City garbage specification recovery processing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101259477A
CN101259477A CNA200810104429XA CN200810104429A CN101259477A CN 101259477 A CN101259477 A CN 101259477A CN A200810104429X A CNA200810104429X A CN A200810104429XA CN 200810104429 A CN200810104429 A CN 200810104429A CN 101259477 A CN101259477 A CN 101259477A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heavy
disintegrating
light
recovery processing
city garbage
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Pending
Application number
CNA200810104429XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王丽
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BEIJING HENGYECUN TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
BEIJING HENGYECUN TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Priority to CNA200810104429XA priority Critical patent/CN101259477A/en
Publication of CN101259477A publication Critical patent/CN101259477A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to an urban garbage sorting recycling treatment device which comprises a cracking device used for carrying out primary cracking on the garbage after being primarily sorted, a gravity sorting device used for sorting the materials after primary cracking into heavy materials and light materials, a heavy material cracking device used for cracking the heavy materials, a heavy material magnetic separation device used for carrying out magnetic separation on the heavy materials after being cracked and a light material cracking device used for cracking the light materials. The discharge opening of the cracking device is connected with the feed opening of the gravity sorting device; the heavy material discharge opening of the gravity sorting device is connected with the heavy material cracking device; the light material discharge opening of the sorting device is connected with the light material cracking device; the back surface of the heavy material cracking device is provided with the magnetic separation device; the discharge opening of the light material cracking device is connected with a firedamp device. The device takes most urban garbage as the materials that can be recycled and carries out the sorting and treatment on the garbage, which is beneficial to leading most urban garbage to obtain reclamation utilization.

Description

City garbage specification recovery processing device
Technical field
The present invention relates to the classification recovery and the treating apparatus of a kind of refuse disposal installation, particularly a kind of municipal refuse, belong to environmental technology field.
Background technology
The wide material sources of municipal refuse, complicated component, intractability is big, at present except the material that can directly recycle on a small quantity that will be wherein by manual sorting's mode sort out recycled, other major parts all adopt the mode of landfill and burning to handle, but these treatment technologies all have very important defective, for example landfill needs occupied ground, and can bring pollution to underground water body and air, burning then needs consumes energy, and also contain pernicious gas and suspended particulate substance in its flue gas, the difficulty of improvement is also very big.Because along with the raising and the development of urbanization of people's living standard, the output of municipal refuse continues to adopt the mode of landfill and burning all running into very big difficulty aspect resource and the environmental protection two in continuous increase.Therefore, people begin constantly to explore the approach of rubbish material recycling, one of them important aspect is exactly the categorised collection of rubbish, through handling respectively after the letter sorting, the mode of existing categorised collection is that the character according to rubbish is divided into the rubbish that can recycle and the rubbish that can not recycle such two big classes with rubbish, after rubbish produces, respectively this two big class rubbish is placed in the different containers and collects, the wherein so-called rubbish that can recycle mainly is the material that can directly be used as the raw material of industry, plastics for example, metal and glass etc., the rubbish that what is called can not be recycled are worth very low material when being meant the material that other can not directly be used as the raw material of industry or being used as the raw material of industry.Although this mode has obtained people's general agree, but still there are some problems in practice, the one, the classification that people often do not carry out rubbish in order to save trouble is placed, the 2nd, this mode classification is listed most of municipal refuse in can not recycle row, and the quantity of refuse that reduces landfill and burning is had little significance.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming the above-mentioned defective of prior art, the invention provides a kind of city garbage specification recovery processing device, this device can all be classified most municipal refuses and be handled as the material of recyclable utilization, help to make most of municipal refuse to get utilization, and help after the garbage disposal process neutralisation treatment second environmental pollution.
The present invention realizes that the technical scheme of above-mentioned purpose is: a kind of city garbage specification recovery processing device, comprise that the rubbish material that is used for after tentatively sorting carries out preliminary broken disintegrating apparatus, be used for the material sorting after the preliminary fragmentation is the gravity separation equipment of heavy material and light material, be used to pulverize the heavy material disintegrating apparatus of heavy material, be used for pulverizing the light material disintegrating apparatus that the back heavy material carries out the heavy material magnetic plant of magnetic separation and is used to pulverize light material, the discharging opening of described disintegrating apparatus connects the charging aperture of described gravity separation equipment, the heavy material discharging opening of described gravity separation equipment connects the heavy material disintegrating apparatus, the light material discharging opening of described screening installation connects described light material disintegrating apparatus, described heavy material disintegrating apparatus back is provided with described magnetic separator, and the discharging opening of described light material disintegrating apparatus connects biogas facility.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: according to the general characteristic of municipal refuse material, adopt simple technical process with the material of these feed separation for being utilized again, for the light material of separating that mainly constitutes by organic matter, send into biogas facility and carry out the anaerobic biological processing, formation can be as the biogas of fuel, the sediment (mud) in the methane-generating pit can as preparation fertilizer, soil conditioner and in the raw material of baking bricks; For the magnetic heavy material of separating, can adopt prior art recycling iron and other metals wherein; For the non magnetic heavy material of separating, owing to mainly be inorganic mineral wherein, can be as the raw material of construction material or the fill material of some occasion.Thereby for comprehensively recyling of municipal refuse provides condition, help to realize the resource of rubbish material, reduce the place resource that takies because of landfill significantly and because of burning the energy that consumes, simultaneously, the present invention meets the collection mode of existing municipal refuse, can not increase extra burden, help applying in practice to people.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic flow sheet of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, the invention provides a kind of city garbage specification recovery processing device, comprise that the rubbish material that is used for after tentatively sorting carries out preliminary broken disintegrating apparatus 2, be used for the material sorting after the preliminary fragmentation is the gravity separation equipment 11 of heavy material and light material, be used to pulverize the heavy material disintegrating apparatus 10 of heavy material, be used for pulverizing the light material disintegrating apparatus 3 that the back heavy material carries out the heavy material magnetic plant 8 of magnetic separation and is used to pulverize light material, the discharging opening of described disintegrating apparatus connects the charging aperture of described gravity separation equipment, the heavy material discharging opening of described gravity separation equipment connects the heavy material disintegrating apparatus, the light material discharging opening of described screening installation connects described light material disintegrating apparatus, described heavy material disintegrating apparatus back is provided with described magnetic separator, and the discharging opening of described light material disintegrating apparatus connects biogas facility 4.
Usually, before entering treatment process of the present invention, generally answer the preliminary letter sorting (just dividing) of advanced pedestrian worker or machinery, just branch can be from the collection of rubbish, its objective is to handle the rubbish more convenient, that benefit is higher separately and be unsuitable for being mixed in the rubbish of handling in the municipal refuse and from municipal refuse, separate, so that obtain better treatment effect and benefit, and avoid of the obstruction of some special rubbish to treatment of urban garbage.
Separate waste collection in promoting at present is exactly a mode of just dividing, different in this manner rubbish is placed on respectively in the different garbage cans, collect respectively and transport, and carry out different processing respectively, the rubbish that wherein is regarded as recycling is sent to the recycling place and recycles processing, and Other Waste is mixed in to be unified to handle together.These rubbish that are regarded as recyclable utilization mainly are that some can be by direct material as the raw material of industry, for example plastics, metal, glass, cloth or the like.
Rubbish for some particular type, if its amount is bigger, also can collect separately in practice, also should just collect separately in the branch process usually, and handle accordingly according to the concrete formation of rubbish, for example for construction and decoration rubbish, wherein a large amount of is concrete and sandstone, and these materials are collected separately, can be used for underground filling or pulverize back manufacturing construction material, this class rubbish is collected respectively, avoided helping saving disposal cost in its municipal refuse of sneaking into mixing.
Just another purpose of dividing is that some special materials large or bulk that will be mixed in the municipal refuse sort out, useful material such as the metal of bulk, plastics, timber, rubber, cloth or be unsuitable for sending into material (for example being difficult to broken bulk materials) separating treatment from composting of subsequent processing device of the present invention wherein for example, the mechanical device that has existed at present some necessarily to sort municipal refuse, but also more be to adopt manual type for the letter sorting of useful material wherein.
It should be noted that because rubbish material of the present invention is recycled the most at last, so some poisonous and harmfuls or dangerous rubbish must handle separately according to relevant regulations, for example radioactive waste, infectiousness rubbish or the like.
Letter sorting back rubbish material is collected in earlier in the corresponding feed bin 1 usually, send into described disintegrating apparatus by mechanical transmission device then, after rubbish material enters feed bin, follow-up equipment operation can be controlled automatically by automatic control system, realize closed operation, to avoid the pollution to the processing place, guarantee environment cleaning and producers' is healthy.Described automatic control system and equipment sealing mode can adopt the prior art of any suitable.The mechanical transmission device that each several part of the present invention relates to can all adopt prior art, for example material conveyer belt mechanism, chain bucket structure, pneumatic conveyor structure, slide way mechanism, spiral conveying mechanism or the like can carry out the selection of conveying device according to the character that is transferred material according to prior art.
Described disintegrating apparatus can be selected the combination of multiple stage crushing equipment for use, for example adopts the combination of two-stage disintegrating apparatus, and prime adopts jaw crusher, back level employing impact crusher and/or kibbler roll.Wherein the raw meal particle size after big, simple in structure, the fragmentation of the ratio of reduction of jaw crusher is even, and simple in structure, the operating cost and the maintenance cost of equipment itself are relatively large, the material that is suitable for this composition of municipal refuse and character complexity is tentatively broken, that the impact crusher of back level is suitable for is hard in the fragmentation, soft, crisp, toughness, fibroid material, and kibbler roll is suitable in the material that hardness is bigger broken and in small, broken bits.The selection of these disintegrating apparatus can be determined according to the specific nature of rubbish.The size of crushed particles should require with the sorting of follow-up gravity separation equipment to adapt.
Described gravity separation equipment can adopt pneumatic separator or air jigging separator, its objective is rubbish material is divided into mainly heavy material that is made of inorganic matter and light material two classes that mainly are made of organic matter, so that follow-uply carry out different processing at different materials.
Described heavy material disintegrating apparatus can adopt ball mill, so that heavy material is ground into granule, with the requirement that adapts to follow-up magnetic separation needs and recycle.
Described heavy material disintegrating apparatus back can be provided with heavy material storage bin 7, by being used to carry the band conveying device 9 of pulverizing the back heavy material to connect the charging aperture of heavy material disintegrating apparatus discharging opening and heavy material storage bin, so that the heavy material after will pulverizing is sent into its storage bin, described heavy material magnetic plant can adopt the outstanding suction formula magnetic separator that is positioned at band conveying device conveyer belt top, so that will in the heavy material be that the main magnetic material that constitutes sucks out with the ferro element, the heavy material after will pulverizing thus be divided into magnetic heavy material and non magnetic heavy material two classes.Wherein the magnetic heavy material has metallurgical value more, can be used as ore in sand form and carry out ore dressing according to existing metallurgical technology, can be used for metallurgical raw material for the concentrate sand that sorts out, the CHARACTERISTICS OF TAILINGS SAND that has sub-elected can be handled separately, for example be used to make building materials, perhaps it sneaked in the non magnetic heavy material of the present invention and together handle.Non magnetic heavy material mostly is does not have the metallurgical mineral matter that is worth, and can be used to make building materials or be used as filler etc.
Described light material disintegrating apparatus can adopt kibbler roll, impact crusher or shear crusher, determines the fineness of pulverizing according to the mode of follow-up recycling.Preferred light material processing recycling mode is to use it for biogas production among the present invention, make most of organic matter wherein be converted to fuel gas such as methane, the mud that produces can be used to make fertilizer and soil conditioner etc., also can be as the raw material of shaped fuel and brick etc.
Described biogas facility can adopt methane-generating pit usually, and its methane outlet inserts biogas storage jar 5 by pipeline, so that carry out the storage and the utilization of biogas.
Consider that existing methane-sludge utilizes the finiteness of mode, can be at biogas facility back incinerator, mud concentrated and dehydration after, send into incinerator 5 by material transfer equipment and burn, corresponding mud concentrates and dehydration equipment and material transfer equipment can adopt prior art.Because preorder equipment has been realized the minimizing significantly of rubbish, this burning and has been brought energy resource consumption and the air pollution will be far below rubbish is directly burnt away the refuse.
In the disintegrating apparatus front, a preliminary magnetic separator can also be set, so that the separation such as iron block that contain in the rubbish are come out, promptly can realize recycling, avoided the harm that may bring again to follow-up equipment.Described preliminary magnetic separator also can adopt outstanding suction type magnetic separator, and supporting corresponding conveyer belt.

Claims (10)

1. city garbage specification recovery processing device, it is characterized in that comprising that the rubbish material that is used for after tentatively sorting carries out preliminary broken disintegrating apparatus, be used for the material sorting after the preliminary fragmentation is the gravity separation equipment of heavy material and light material, be used to pulverize the heavy material disintegrating apparatus of heavy material, be used for pulverizing the light material disintegrating apparatus that the back heavy material carries out the heavy material magnetic plant of magnetic separation and is used to pulverize light material, the discharging opening of described disintegrating apparatus connects the charging aperture of described gravity separation equipment, the heavy material discharging opening of described gravity separation equipment connects the heavy material disintegrating apparatus, the light material discharging opening of described screening installation connects described light material disintegrating apparatus, described heavy material disintegrating apparatus back is provided with described magnetic separator, and the discharging opening of described light material disintegrating apparatus connects biogas facility.
2. city garbage specification recovery processing device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described disintegrating apparatus front is provided with feed bin, connects by mechanical transmission device between described disintegrating apparatus and the described feed bin.
3. city garbage specification recovery processing device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described disintegrating apparatus selects the combination of multiple stage crushing equipment for use.
4. city garbage specification recovery processing device as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that described disintegrating apparatus is the combination of two-stage disintegrating apparatus, and prime adopts jaw crusher, back level employing impact crusher and/or kibbler roll.
5. city garbage specification recovery processing device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described gravity separation equipment adopts pneumatic separator or air jigging separator.
6. city garbage specification recovery processing device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described heavy material disintegrating apparatus adopts ball mill.
7. city garbage specification recovery processing device as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that described heavy material disintegrating apparatus back is provided with the heavy material storage bin, the charging aperture of described heavy material disintegrating apparatus discharging opening and described heavy material storage bin is connected by being used to carry the band conveying device of pulverizing the back heavy material.
8. as claim 1,2,3,4,5,6 or 7 described city garbage specification recovery processing devices, it is characterized in that described light material disintegrating apparatus adopts kibbler roll, impact crusher or shear crusher.
9. city garbage specification recovery processing device as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that described biogas facility adopts methane-generating pit, and its methane outlet inserts the biogas storage jar by pipeline, and described biogas facility back is provided with incinerator.
10. city garbage specification recovery processing device as claimed in claim 9 is characterized in that described disintegrating apparatus front also is provided with a preliminary magnetic separator, and described preliminary magnetic separator adopts outstanding suction type magnetic separator, and supporting corresponding conveyer belt.
CNA200810104429XA 2008-04-18 2008-04-18 City garbage specification recovery processing device Pending CN101259477A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA200810104429XA CN101259477A (en) 2008-04-18 2008-04-18 City garbage specification recovery processing device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA200810104429XA CN101259477A (en) 2008-04-18 2008-04-18 City garbage specification recovery processing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101259477A true CN101259477A (en) 2008-09-10

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101716586B (en) * 2009-11-06 2012-05-23 上海彼利环保科技有限公司 Module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device
CN103240156A (en) * 2013-04-24 2013-08-14 长春奥瑞投资管理有限公司 Garbage crushing system and garbage crushing method
CN103878167A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-06-25 张共敏 Comprehensive household garbage treatment process
CN104690070A (en) * 2015-02-14 2015-06-10 溧阳市超强链条制造有限公司 Treatment method of municipal domestic waste
CN104772321A (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-07-15 兴化市忠伟电子仪表有限公司 Garbage processing technology of garbage processing equipment
CN109569865A (en) * 2019-01-15 2019-04-05 洛阳城市建设勘察设计院有限公司 A kind of processing method and equipment of building waste

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101716586B (en) * 2009-11-06 2012-05-23 上海彼利环保科技有限公司 Module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device
CN103240156A (en) * 2013-04-24 2013-08-14 长春奥瑞投资管理有限公司 Garbage crushing system and garbage crushing method
CN103240156B (en) * 2013-04-24 2015-08-12 长春奥瑞投资管理有限公司 Refuse breaking system and refuse breaking method
CN103878167A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-06-25 张共敏 Comprehensive household garbage treatment process
CN103878167B (en) * 2014-03-28 2016-03-16 张共敏 Life-garbage comprehensive treatment technology
CN104690070A (en) * 2015-02-14 2015-06-10 溧阳市超强链条制造有限公司 Treatment method of municipal domestic waste
CN104772321A (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-07-15 兴化市忠伟电子仪表有限公司 Garbage processing technology of garbage processing equipment
CN109569865A (en) * 2019-01-15 2019-04-05 洛阳城市建设勘察设计院有限公司 A kind of processing method and equipment of building waste

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Open date: 20080910