CN101254145B - Multilayer shallow layer trauma special hydrophilic dressing - Google Patents

Multilayer shallow layer trauma special hydrophilic dressing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101254145B
CN101254145B CN 200710079616 CN200710079616A CN101254145B CN 101254145 B CN101254145 B CN 101254145B CN 200710079616 CN200710079616 CN 200710079616 CN 200710079616 A CN200710079616 A CN 200710079616A CN 101254145 B CN101254145 B CN 101254145B
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CN
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dressing
hydrophilic
compound
wound
layer
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CN 200710079616
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101254145A (en )
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周长忠
石佳儒
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周长忠;石佳儒
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Abstract

The invention relates to a multilayered hydrophilic wound dressing for superficial wounds, which is a hydrophilic adhesive film layer formed by applying a composite coating made of medical-grade animal glues, medical-grade plant gums, hemostatic ingredients, bactericide diluent and plant fiber additives on a dressing material contacting a wound contact surface. The outer layer of the wound dressing is a dressing forming film layer for preventing the shrinkage of the wound dressing, the dressing forming film layer can be removed during application, and the wound dressing is uniformly perforated to drain excessive exudates or blood. The inventive wound dressing has improved adhesiveness and can well control the superficial wound infection.

Description

多层次浅层创伤专用的亲水性敷料 Multi-level dedicated shallow wound dressing hydrophilic

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明有关一种多层次浅层创伤专用的亲水性敷料,主要在与创伤接触面接触的敷料的敷材上具有复方涂料而形成的亲水性胶膜层,其外层具有防止敷材皱缩的敷材定型膜层,于使用时移除敷材定型膜层,且敷料均勻满布网孔,可将过多渗液或血液引流,藉使浅层创伤伤口可更有效的控制感染、清创及促进伤口愈合。 [0001] The hydrophilic film layer of the present invention relates to a multi-layered superficial wounds specific hydrophilic dressing, the compound having a primary coating formed on the cladding material in contact with the wound dressing contact surface, having an outer layer which prevent collapse cladding material cladding layer sheet shape, film shape to remove deposited material in use, and the dressing uniformly covered with mesh, may be excessive drainage of blood or exudate, by making shallow wOUND more effectively infection control, debridement and promote wound healing.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 查目前医疗机构对人体外部创伤的治疗,如割伤、擦伤、外科手术切口、取皮区、溃疡或烧伤等,通常均必需在该等创伤外敷盖或包扎经灭菌的敷料,以防止为外界细菌所感染。 [0002] check the current medical treatment of the human body external wounds, such as cuts, abrasions, surgical incisions, skin take zone, burns ulcers or the like, are generally required in those wound dressing or sterilized lid topical dressing to prevent the outside world bacterial infection. 再查目前医疗机构所习用的敷料均需经常换药,绝大部份仍为纱布或二层纱布间夹棉花经灭菌所制成的棉垫,湿敷盖或包扎于伤口上,其对于浅层创伤,虽有吸收伤口渗液的功效,惟其会有渗液回渗腐蚀伤口周围皮肤、易致感染或吸收的渗液易于挥发而使纱布变硬伤害伤口,换药时纱布黏贴于伤口上,取下不仅造成患者痛苦,且伤害伤口新生肉芽组织等缺失,实有设法解决的必要。 Then check the current health-care facilities often required conventional dressing dressing, or gauze between the vast majority remains Layer gauze pad clip made of sterilized cotton, wet dressing, or to cover the wound, which for superficial wounds, although the efficacy of wound exudate absorption but their corrosion will re-wet exudate skin around the wound, prone to cause infection or exudate absorption of the more volatile harden gauze wound injury, when adhered to a gauze dressing the wound, removing not only cause the patient pain, injury and loss of newborn wound granulation tissue, etc., there is a need to try to solve.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的主要目的在于利用复方亲水性胶膜层沾黏伤口,水解含钙的止血剂释出与渗液或血清结合凝结成痂,此痂皮为含水的软痂,敷材因复方亲水性胶膜层与血液中的纤维蛋白结合成痂沾黏而形成防水透气的保护膜,且敷料均勻满布网孔,可将初期过多的血液或渗液引流,而减少伤口感染,帮助薄痂形成,当伤口愈合或上皮化后,敷材可随痂皮分解脱落。 [0003] The main object of the present invention is to utilize hydrophilic compound film layer sticking wound, hemostatic agent released hydrolysis calcium binding or serum exudate condensed into scab, this crust is an aqueous soft callus, dressing materials due to the hydrophilic film layer of compound in combination with the blood into fibrin to form a protective scab sticking the waterproof and breathable film, and covered with a uniform mesh dressing, may be too much drainage early blood or exudate, and reduce wound infection, helping form a thin crust, or when the wound healing of the epithelium, with the cladding material can decompose off crusts.

[0004] 本发明提供了一种多层次浅层创伤专用的亲水性敷料,其包括: [0004] The present invention provides a multi-layered superficial wounds specific hydrophilic dressing, comprising:

[0005] 一防止敷材皱缩的敷材定型膜层; [0005] prevent a cladding material deposited amorphous layer of material collapse;

[0006] 一敷材,为柔软富弹性且防水又透气的透明薄膜所制成; [0006] a dressing material, a transparent film soft and rich elastic made of a waterproof and breathable;

[0007] —复方亲水性胶膜层,将复方涂料以蒸馏水直接或经加温溶解后均勻喷涂于敷材,形成复方亲水性胶膜层;依次相互重迭并以滚筒加压使其干燥后而形成一体,再将敷料均勻打孔,形成具有透气及使渗液或血液引流的网孔。 [0007] - Compound hydrophilic film layer, the coating compound by heating with distilled directly dissolved or uniformly deposited spraying material, a hydrophilic film forming compound layer; and overlap each other in order to make the pressing roller after drying integrally formed, and then a uniform perforating dressings, drainage of blood or exudate is formed so that mesh with breathable and.

[0008] 上述多层次浅层创伤专用的亲水性敷料,其中,所述复方亲水性胶膜层的复方涂料由医用级动物胶、医用级植物胶、止血剂配方、杀菌抑菌稀释液及植物性纤维添加物组成。 [0008] The multi-layered superficial wounds specific hydrophilic dressing, wherein the hydrophilic compound coating film layer of a medical grade gelatin compound, medical grade vegetable gums, hemostatic formulations, bactericidal bacteriostatic diluent and plant fiber additive composition.

[0009] 上述多层次浅层创伤专用的亲水性敷料,其中,所述复方涂料由医用级动物胶或医用级植物胶、止血剂配方、杀菌抑菌稀释液及植物性纤维添加物组成。 [0009] The multi-layered superficial wounds specific hydrophilic dressing, wherein the compound coating of a medical grade glue or medical grade vegetable gums, hemostatic formulations, bactericidal and bacteriostatic diluent additive composition of vegetable fibers.

[0010] 本发明的多层次浅层创伤专用的亲水性敷料,经滚筒加压使其干燥后而形成一体,不仅敷料薄而柔软适合于伤口覆盖,隔离外界细菌,保持创伤面湿度,可减少伤口疼痛, 加速创伤面上皮愈合,更因敷料透明不必揭开敷料,即可直接观察创伤面变化,可减少换药次数,亦可能不必更换直至创伤面愈合,且因敷料上的网孔可将过多渗液或血液引流,增加敷料附着性。 [0010] The present invention is a multi-level shallow wounds specific hydrophilic dressing, by pressurizing the cylinder is formed integrally to be dried, only a thin, flexible dressing is adapted to cover a wound, bacterial isolation from outside, holding the wound surface moisture, can reduce wound pain and accelerate wound healing of skin surface, but also because of the dressing do not have to reveal the transparent dressing, the wound surface can be observed directly changes can reduce the number of dressing, may also need not be replaced until the wound healing, and because the mesh dressing may the excessive exudate or blood drainage, increasing the dressing adhesion. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 图1为本发明实施例局部剖视及放大示意图; [0011] Example 1 is a partial cross-sectional view and an enlarged schematic view of embodiments of the present invention;

[0012] 图2为本发明实例使用于创伤面放大示意图; [0012] Figure 2 an enlarged schematic view of the wound surface in use example of the present invention;

[0013] 图3为本发明另一实施例具有自黏性薄膜示意图。 [0013] FIG. 3 another embodiment schematic view of a self-adhesive film of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0014] 请参阅图1、图2所示,本发明的敷料1,由:敷材定型膜层2、敷材3及复方亲水性胶膜层4所组成,敷材定型膜层2为防止敷材3皱缩,使用时需移除,可为PE膜(PE membrane)制成;敷材3为柔软富弹性且防水又透气的透明薄膜,可由PU膜(PUmembrane) 制成,而复方亲水性胶膜(Hemostatic hydrophile gel membrane)层4主要将医用级动物胶(如胶原collagen、玻尿酸hyaluronic acid等)、医用级植物胶(如果胶、芦荟萃取、海藻胶等)(亦可择一使用医用级动物胶或医用级植物胶)、止血剂配方(如钙盐、柠檬酸钙等)、杀菌抑菌稀释液(如稀释银离子、AgNo3、Hibitane等)及植物性纤维添加物(使涂层不易破裂),再以蒸馏水直接或经加温溶解后均勻喷涂于敷材3层表面,使具适当的厚度, 并以滚筒加压使其干燥后而形成一体,再将敷料1于适当面积内均勻打孔,形成具有透气 [0014] Referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 2, a dressing of the invention by: setting film 2 deposited material, cladding material film 3 and the hydrophilic compound layer 4 composed of amorphous material layer 2 is deposited 3 to prevent the collapse cladding material need be removed when used, may be made of PE film (PE membrane); resiliently flexible cladding material 3 is rich and vapor-permeable and waterproof transparent film, a film made of PU (PUmembrane), and the compound hydrophilic film (Hemostatic hydrophile gel membrane) layer 4 primarily medical grade gelatin (e.g., collagen collagen, hyaluronic acid, hyaluronic acid, etc.), medical grade vegetable gums (such as pectin, aloe extract, sodium alginate, etc.) (also alternatively using medical grade glue or medical grade glue plant), hemostatic formulation (e.g., calcium salt, calcium citrate), bactericidal bacteriostatic diluent (e.g. diluted silver ion, AgNo3, Hibitane, etc.) and plant fibers additives (so difficult to rupture the coating), and then distilled water was dissolved by heating, either directly or after uniformly sprayed to the surface layer of cladding material 3, so that with appropriate thickness, and the pressing roller so as to be formed integrally and dried, then the dressing 1 in a suitable the uniform perforated area, forming a gas-permeable 使渗液或血液引流的网孔5,再将敷料裁切成各种大小不同的尺寸,区分成各种大小不同的尺寸规格包装,再以环氧乙烷(E0)、电浆或迦马射线(r-ray)加以灭菌,以配合各种大小不同的浅层创伤使用,敷料1四周亦可加以自黏性薄膜6以方便固定敷料1 (如图3所示)。 That the exudate or blood drainage mesh 5, and then cut into the dressing sizes of various different sizes, of different sizes into various regions of package sizes, and then ethylene oxide (E0), or plasma Gama ray (r-ray) to be sterilized, to fit a variety of different sizes using shallow wound, a dressing four weeks may be self-adhesive to facilitate the fixing film dressing 1 6 (FIG. 3).

[0015] 本发明利用复方亲水性胶膜层4沾黏伤口,水解含钙的止血剂释出与渗液或血清结合凝结成痂,此痂皮为含水的软痂,敷材3因复方亲水性胶膜层4与血液中的纤维蛋白结合成痂沾黏而形成防水透气的保护膜,且敷料1上的网孔5,可将初期过多的血液或渗液引流,而减少伤口感染,帮助薄痂形成,当伤口愈合或上皮化后,敷材3可随痂皮分解脱落。 [0015] The present invention uses a hydrophilic compound film layer 4 wound adhesions, calcium hydrolysis hemostatic agent condensed to release binding or serum exudate and scab, this crust is an aqueous soft callus, cladding material because of Compound 3 4 the hydrophilic film layer in combination with the blood into fibrin to form a protective scab sticking the waterproof and breathable film, and the dressing 5 mesh 1, may be the initial excessive drainage of blood or exudate, and reduce wound infection, helping form a thin crust, or when the wound healing of the epithelium, with the cladding material 3 can decompose off crusts.

[0016] 本发明的敷料1经滚筒加压使其干燥后而形成一体,不仅敷料1薄而柔软适合于伤口覆盖,隔离外界细菌,保持创伤面湿度,可减少伤口疼痛,加速创伤面上皮愈合,更因敷料1透明不必揭开敷料,即可直接观察创伤面变化,可减少换药次数,亦可能不必更换直至创伤面愈合,且因敷料1上的网孔5可将过多渗液或血液引流,增加敷料附着性。 [0016] The dressing of the invention by pressurizing the cylinder 1 is formed integrally to be dried, only a thin, flexible dressing is adapted to cover a wound, bacterial isolation from outside, holding the wound surface moisture, reduce wound pain, accelerate wound healing of skin surface , more transparent dressings need not opened due to dressing, the wound surface can be observed directly changes can reduce the number of dressing, may also need not be replaced until the wound healing, and 5 may be due to excessive exudate cell or on the dressing 1 blood drainage, increasing the dressing adhesion.

Claims (3)

  1. 一种多层次浅层创伤专用的亲水性敷料,其包括:‑防止敷材皱缩的敷材定型膜层;‑敷材,为柔软富弹性且防水又透气的透明薄膜所制成;‑复方亲水性胶膜层,将包括含钙的止血剂的复方涂料以蒸馏水直接或经加温溶解后均匀喷涂于敷材,形成复方亲水性胶膜层;将敷材定型膜层、敷材和复方亲水性胶膜层依次相互重叠并以滚筒加压使重叠后的敷材定型膜层、敷材和复方亲水性胶膜层干燥后而形成一体,再将敷料均匀打孔,形成具有透气及使渗液或血液引流的网孔。 A multi-level shallow wounds specific hydrophilic dressing, which comprises: - a sheet collapse preventing dressing cladding layer amorphous material; - deposited material is soft, elastic and waterproof and vapor-rich transparent film made; - compound hydrophilic film layer, the hemostatic agent comprises a calcium-containing compound in the coating by heating distilled water or dissolved directly sprayed uniformly deposited material, a hydrophilic film forming compound layer; shaping the deposited material layer, plating compound hydrophilic material and a film layer are stacked with each other and that the cladding material to the drum pressing the superimposed film shape, the cladding material and the hydrophilic compound to form an integral film layer was dried, and then a uniform perforating dressing, is formed so that the blood or exudate drainage mesh and having air.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的多层次浅层创伤专用的亲水性敷料,其中,所述复方亲水性胶膜层的复方涂料由医用级动物胶、医用级植物胶、含钙的止血剂、杀菌抑菌稀释液及植物性纤维添加物组成。 Multilevel shallow wounds specific hydrophilic dressing as claimed in claim 1, wherein the hydrophilic compound film layer of compound coating of a medical grade gelatin, vegetable gums medical grade, calcium hemostatic agents, bactericidal and bacteriostatic diluent additive composition of vegetable fibers.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的多层次浅层创伤专用的亲水性敷料,其中,所述复方涂料由医用级动物胶或医用级植物胶、含钙的止血剂、杀菌抑菌稀释液及植物性纤维添加物组成。 Multilevel shallow wounds specific hydrophilic dressing as claimed in claim 1, wherein the compound coating of a medical grade glue or medical grade vegetable gums, calcium hemostatic agent, bactericidal and bacteriostatic diluent plant fiber additive composition.
CN 200710079616 2007-02-28 2007-02-28 Multilayer shallow layer trauma special hydrophilic dressing CN101254145B (en)

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Cited By (1)

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CN102715983A (en) * 2012-06-27 2012-10-10 南京双威生物医学科技有限公司 Medical natural porous fiber filler and vacuum sealing drainage device thereof

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CN103405260A (en) * 2013-08-23 2013-11-27 济钢集团有限公司 Disposable hemostatic headgear
GB2555584A (en) * 2016-10-28 2018-05-09 Smith & Nephew Multi-layered wound dressing and method of manufacture

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EP0147119A2 (en) 1983-12-24 1985-07-03 SMITH & NEPHEW plc Surgical dressing
CN1044405A (en) 1989-01-25 1990-08-08 Bf谷德里奇公司 Wound bandage with polymer layer
US5340363A (en) 1986-03-10 1994-08-23 Molnlycke Ab Wound dressing
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WO2003066116A1 (en) 2002-02-07 2003-08-14 Her Majesty The Queen, In Right Of Canada, As Represented By The Minister Of National Defence Of Her Majesty's Canadian Government Multi-layer dressing as a drug delivery system
CN1720883A (en) 2004-05-13 2006-01-18 La普安蒂凯国际有限公司 Elastic material for compression braces and the like

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EP0147119A2 (en) 1983-12-24 1985-07-03 SMITH & NEPHEW plc Surgical dressing
US5340363A (en) 1986-03-10 1994-08-23 Molnlycke Ab Wound dressing
CN1044405A (en) 1989-01-25 1990-08-08 Bf谷德里奇公司 Wound bandage with polymer layer
CN1335757A (en) 1998-11-12 2002-02-13 聚合体生物科学公司 Hemostatic polymer useful for rapid blood coagulation and hemostasis
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