CN101238784B - Method for planting fruit tree having different fruits at the same tree - Google Patents

Method for planting fruit tree having different fruits at the same tree Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101238784B
CN101238784B CN200810003678XA CN200810003678A CN101238784B CN 101238784 B CN101238784 B CN 101238784B CN 200810003678X A CN200810003678X A CN 200810003678XA CN 200810003678 A CN200810003678 A CN 200810003678A CN 101238784 B CN101238784 B CN 101238784B
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China
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fruit
tree
fruit tree
branch
grafting
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CN200810003678XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101238784A (en
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丁在喜
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丁在喜
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Publication of CN101238784A publication Critical patent/CN101238784A/en
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Publication of CN101238784B publication Critical patent/CN101238784B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a cultivation method of one fruit tree with different fruits, the key is to select the trees which have homologous nuclear or homologous leaves or both of them as the parents for grafting cultivation of fruit trees, the grafting trees time is after the walking of insects and before spring equinox. Choose the fruit trees with clusters of branches having two years growth period or more as the rootstock, and choose the new branch which has the same origin with the rootstock and lives on the sunny side of high yield, strong fruit tree as the scion. Graft scions from many good fruit tree species to various rootstock branches of the same fruit tree, cultivate them carefully till survive, in current year and next year many fruits grow on the same fruit tree, in order to realize one fruit tree with different fruits. Various flowers bloom and many kinds of fruits grow on the same fruit tree, which not only has a lot of economic benefits, but also high appreciation quality. The produced fruits have rich nutrition, and taste well than the original variety. The invention not only make full use of fruit trees resource and land resource, but also reduce producing cost, and to some extent improve the ability of resisting the market risk and seasonal risk.

Description

Fruit tree cultivating method with the different fruit of tree
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fruit-tree grafting cultivating technique, be specifically related to a kind of fruit tree cultivating method with the different fruit of tree.
Background technology
At present, a kind of production of fruit trees goes out fruit of the same race and is accustomed to, but fruit tree mostly is a perennial plant, traditional mode of production makes fruit tree have only every year a maturing stage or one to produce season, not only wasted valuable land resources greatly, and also there is bigger risk in season in the production of single fruit to meeting the market requirement.Simultaneously, have only the fruit tree of a harvest season every year, in the use of the means of production such as water, fertilizer, also caused certain waste.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiency that known fruit tree can only grow fruit of the same race, a kind of fruit tree cultivating method with the different fruit of tree is provided, can make a strain fruit tree not only can grow the similar fruit in different maturing stages, also can grow multiple fruit.
For achieving the above object, the present invention may further comprise the steps with the fruit tree cultivating method of the different fruit of tree:
A kind of many bunches of branch fruit trees that at first will select vegetative period more than 2 years are as stock.Do not need bunch branch of grafting all to prune away branch, damage by disease and insect branch and other a little less than descending branch, lateral deviation branch, the gesture, the healthy and strong stock branch that keeps concordant the cutting off of about 20 centimeters of distance ramose root portion, is leaned on the downward-sloping about 60 ° of otch in tree crown outside with grafting knife along stock secateurs mouth but must not cut off.
Scion will select with stock the high yield that concerns with edge, the shoot then of strengthening fruit tree day side in age are arranged.Spend more bud part clip 5~8 centimeter length from the uniform stage casing of growing, and the wedgewise of the lower end being cut sth. askew from both sides.Again this wedge shape scion is inserted in the otch of stock branch, the inclined-plane, both sides is closely contacted with stock, and with grafting film special band that the interface wrapping is tight.After 15~20 days, the grafting film special band of tying up be untied, be used the wooden stick of about 20 centimeter length that stock and scion is fixed then, in case external force fractures interface.Will with other high yield of edge, strong age the fruit tree day side shoot then make scion, use again with the quadrat method grafting to other bunch branch of above-mentioned fruit tree, like this, on the strain fruit tree with regard to grafting the scion of multiple fruit tree.
Key of the present invention is to select to examine the parent that edge is close or leaf margin is close fruit tree is cultivated as grafting, and the fruit tree mutual graft survival rate all close with leaf margin as the fruit stone edge will be higher.
The time of fruit-tree grafting preferably was selected in the lunar calendar before the Spring Equinox later in the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), can improve the survival rate of scion significantly like this.
Will note taking precautions against drought in scion becomes current the moisturizing, the garden management of this fruit tree is with the same at ordinary times.Generally, scion in 1 year just can be born fruit, and what have just can bear fruit then.The homophyletic fruit tree can pick out multiple fruit, has realized with the different fruit of tree.
The present invention has the following advantages and effect:
One strain fruit tree is left multiple flower, picks out multiple fruit, not only can produce higher economic value, also has very strong sight.
The homophyletic fruit tree not only can grow early, middle and late ripe same fruit, also can grow other fruit of Various Seasonal listing, has made full use of fruit tree resource and land resources.
Several fruits of homophyletic fruit tree growth Various Seasonal are fully utilized the means of production such as water, fertilizer, have reduced production cost.
Because different fruit grafting, its nutrition of various fruits of producing than horn of plenty, the also more former kind of mouthfeel is plentiful.
When certain fruit chance underproduction in off year, or market sale is not smooth, then can remedy with other fruit of setting, thereby reduce market and seasonal risk to a certain extent.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that the stock branch is chosen schematic diagram
Fig. 2 is that the stock branch is made schematic diagram
Fig. 3 is that schematic diagram is made in scion
Fig. 4 is stock branch and scion grafting schematic diagram
Embodiment
Embodiment one
Select the biennial many bunches of branch apple trees of a strain early maturing and high yield, by shown in Figure 1 descending branch 1 and lateral deviation branch 2 are wiped out, get 2 in healthy and strong branch and cut off as the stock branch in that distance ramose root portion 20 centimeters are concordant, other bunch branch keeps.As shown in Figure 2 with grafting knife along stock secateurs mouth by downward-sloping about 60 ° of otch in tree crown outside but must not cut off.
Choose each strain of ripe, late-maturing high yield apple tree kind respectively, on the shoot then in its day side, each clip 5~8 centimeter length is spent more the position, stage casing of bud as scion.The wedgewise of being cut sth. askew in both sides, scion lower end as shown in Figure 3 inserts the tapered end of 2 scion grafting fringes respectively in the otch of 2 above-mentioned stock branches as shown in Figure 4, and the inclined-plane, both sides is closely contacted with stock, and with grafting film special band that the interface wrapping is tight.After 15~20 days, the grafting film special band of tying up be untied, be used the wooden stick of about 20 centimeter length that stock branch and scion is fixed then, in case external force fractures interface.
So just can obtain a strain can grow simultaneously precocity, in the apple tree of ripe and late-maturing three kinds.
Embodiment two
Select a strain biennial many bunches of branch apricots of getting bumper crops, by shown in Figure 1 descending branch 1 and lateral deviation branch 2 are wiped out, get 3 in healthy and strong branch and cut off as the stock branch in that distance ramose root portion 20 centimeters are concordant, other bunch branch keeps.As shown in Figure 2 with grafting knife along stock secateurs mouth by downward-sloping about 60 ° of otch in tree crown outside but must not cut off.
Each strain of peach, Japanese plum and cherry tree that choosing high yield respectively is healthy and strong, on the shoot then in its day side, each clip 5~8 centimeter length is spent more the position, stage casing of bud as scion.The wedgewise of being cut sth. askew in both sides, scion lower end as shown in Figure 3 inserts the tapered end of 3 scion grafting fringes respectively in the otch of 3 above-mentioned stock branches as shown in Figure 4, and the inclined-plane, both sides is closely contacted with stock, and with grafting film special band that the interface wrapping is tight.After 15~20 days, the grafting film special band of tying up be untied, be used the wooden stick of about 20 centimeter length that stock branch and scion is fixed then, in case external force fractures interface.
So just can obtain the fruit tree that a strain can grow peach, plum, apricot and 4 kinds of fruits of cherry simultaneously.
Embodiment three
Select the biennial keffel liquid of strain tree, get 2 in healthy and strong branch and cut off as the stock branch in that distance ramose root portion 20 centimeters are concordant, other bunch branch is got rid of.As shown in Figure 2 with grafting knife along stock secateurs mouth by downward-sloping about 60 ° of otch in tree crown outside but must not cut off.
The vine that choosing high yield respectively is healthy and strong and each strain of macaque peach, on the shoot then in its day side, each clip 5~8 centimeter length is spent more the position, stage casing of bud as scion.The wedgewise of being cut sth. askew in both sides, scion lower end as shown in Figure 3 inserts the tapered end of 2 scion grafting fringes respectively in the otch of 2 above-mentioned stock branches as shown in Figure 4, and the inclined-plane, both sides is closely contacted with stock, and with grafting film special band that the interface wrapping is tight.After 15~20 days, the grafting film special band of tying up be untied, be used the wooden stick of about 20 centimeter length that stock branch and scion is fixed then, in case external force fractures interface.
So just can obtain a strain and can grow grape and kiwi fruit simultaneously, can obtain can be used as the trees of the keffel liquid root that traditional Chinese medicine uses again.

Claims (1)

1. with the fruit tree cultivating method of setting different fruit, be included in the lunar calendar before the Spring Equinox later in the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), select a kind of many bunch branch fruit trees of vegetative period more than 2 years as stock, choosing is close with stock nuclear edge or leaf margin is close or nuclear edge, high yield that leaf margin is all close, strong age fruit tree shoot then do scion and carry out grafting and cultivate; It is characterized in that: on a strain fruit tree grafting scion of multiple fruit tree;
Can select 2 healthy and strong branches of the precocious many bunches of branch apple trees of a strain to make the stock branch, choose ripe, each strain of fameuse tree kind to do the scion grafting and cultivate respectively;
Also can select 3 healthy and strong branches of many bunches of branch apricots of a strain to make the stock branch, select each strain of peach, Japanese plum and cherry tree to do the scion grafting respectively and cultivate;
Also can select 2 healthy and strong branches of strain keffel liquid tree to make the stock branch, select each strain of vine and macaque peach to do the scion grafting respectively and cultivate.
CN200810003678XA 2008-01-17 2008-01-17 Method for planting fruit tree having different fruits at the same tree CN101238784B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810003678XA CN101238784B (en) 2008-01-17 2008-01-17 Method for planting fruit tree having different fruits at the same tree

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CN101238784A CN101238784A (en) 2008-08-13
CN101238784B true CN101238784B (en) 2011-08-31

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Families Citing this family (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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WO2012062672A1 (en) * 2010-11-10 2012-05-18 Syngenta Participations Ag Grafting method and grafted plants obtained thereof
CN102511352A (en) * 2011-12-21 2012-06-27 桂阳金盾南方苹果有限公司 Apple planting method capable of being suitable for south
CN103385117A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-11-13 无锡同春新能源科技有限公司 Method for grafting black plum and prunus salicina lindl to cultivate double-color plum by using growth promoting mucilage glue sleeve device
CN105010064A (en) * 2014-04-29 2015-11-04 刘银 Cultivation method for enabling fruit tree to bear various fruits
CN104145721A (en) * 2014-07-23 2014-11-19 刘万顺 Fruit mulberry sapling cultivating method for growing two or more types of mulberry fruits on single mulberry tree
CN104160880B (en) * 2014-09-10 2015-11-11 辽宁省果树科学研究所 A kind of cultivation method of potted apple grafting many strains apple variety
CN104322287B (en) * 2014-10-16 2016-09-21 山西桃运扁桃技术开发研究所 A kind of grafting mouth that can quickly remove grafting membrane when almond field planting wraps up in embrane method
CN104472232A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-04-01 重庆市永川区余潘果树种植专业合作社 Method for grafting plums and peaches on apricot tree
CN106342677A (en) * 2015-07-13 2017-01-25 广西壮族自治区亚热带作物研究所 Multi-line hybrid breeding method and application thereof
CN106034755A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-10-26 王东良 Combined grafting method of prunus persica, amygdalus triloba and prunus cerasifera
CN107041267A (en) * 2016-12-26 2017-08-15 河南省莱恩月季繁育有限公司 A kind of method of the various fruit kind of apple grafting
CN107711250A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-23 当涂县瑞龙果树种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of high yield nectarine peach
CN108235907A (en) * 2018-03-12 2018-07-03 温州瑞思生物科技有限公司 One kind has leaf cactus with globular inoculation method
CN110419374A (en) * 2019-08-26 2019-11-08 重庆市农业科学院 A kind of breeding method of the tree-like cultivation mode of colorful fruit variety

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