CN101225341A - Method for producing bio-coal - Google Patents

Method for producing bio-coal Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101225341A
CN101225341A CN 200810073476 CN200810073476A CN101225341A CN 101225341 A CN101225341 A CN 101225341A CN 200810073476 CN200810073476 CN 200810073476 CN 200810073476 A CN200810073476 A CN 200810073476A CN 101225341 A CN101225341 A CN 101225341A
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coal
biomass
sludge
charcoal
powder
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CN 200810073476
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Chinese (zh)
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丁恩德
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丁恩德
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste

Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method of biomass coal, which equably mixes the mud of sewage treatment factory, paper mill and alcohol plant and biomass powder, such as active carbon, charcoal or coal in proportion with 10:0.5 to 2:0.5 to 2 and ferments for 3 to 5 days in heap mode. The preparation method of biomass coal can be eventually obtained after molding and insolation or drying, the heat of which can reach 4000 kilocalorie. The preparation method of biomass coal can be easy to learn the control technique, can not only resolve the mud treatment of sewage treatment plants but also make full use of waste biomass. The biomass coal provides flammable renewable sources and also has the advantages of simple production technique, good environmental protection performance, good energy-saving performance, high social benefit, low cost and high economic benefit.

Description

生物质煤的生产制作方法技术领域本发明涉及一种污泥的处理或燃料煤的生产,尤其是一种利用污水处理厂产生的污泥及生物质生产生物质煤的方法。 TECHNICAL FIELD The production of coal in the production of biomass present invention relates to a process for producing a sludge or coal fuels, biomass and production of sludge biomass in particular a coal of a sewage treatment plant. 背景技术目前我国的各大中小城巿都普遍建立了污水处理厂,污水处理厂每天都会产生大量的污泥(污泥是指处理污水所产生的固态、半固态及液态的弃物;含大量的有机物,重金属及致病菌等),污泥处理又是每个城巿头痛的问题。 BACKGROUND At present, China's medium and small Town are generally established sewage treatment plants, sewage treatment plants will produce large amounts of sludge (solid sewage sludge processing means produced, semi-solid and liquid thrown away every day; with a large number organics, heavy metals and pathogens, etc.), sludge treatment and every Town headache. 目前污泥处理主要采取填埋,施肥和焚烧的方法。 Currently sludge treatment mainly take the landfill, and incineration of fertilization. 由于污泥的含水率高(65%~ 80%),又含有有毒的重金属,填埋处理不仅占据大量土地,而且严重污染地下水资源;作为肥料使用,还会引起第二次污染,由施肥引发的农产品安全和影响人体健康事件时有发生,成为影响农业生产、群众健康和社会稳定的不可忽视的因素;釆用焚烧方法,由于污泥中大量水分的存在,简单的焚烧还需要添加一定量的辅助原料,且焚烧污泥的设备造价相当高,难以推广应用。 Since the high moisture content (65% -80%) of sludge, heavy metals and toxic, landfill disposal not only occupy a lot of land, but also pollutes groundwater resources; used as fertilizer, also cause the second pollution, caused by fertilization have occurred in the safety of agricultural products and events affect human health, a factor affecting agricultural production, public health and social stability can not be ignored; preclude the use of incineration, due to the presence of large amounts of water in the sludge, the simple burning also need to add a certain amount secondary raw materials, and sludge incineration equipment cost is very high, it is difficult application. 生物质来源广泛,家具厂、木材厂的木糠,木屑,玉米杆,花生壳,甘蔗叶,树技,叶,杂草,野草,灌木等农林废弃物都属生物质,现在这些废弃物绝大部分都白白浪费了或废弃在田间地头,既污染了环境又得不到充分利用。 Biomass wide variety of sources, furniture factory, the lumber mill sawdust, wood chips, corn stalks, peanut shells, sugar cane leaves, tree technology, leaves, weeds, weeds, shrubs and other agricultural and forestry wastes are considered biomass, these wastes must now most are wasted or discarded in the edge of a farm field, not only pollutes the environment but not fully utilized. 随着中国经济的快速发展,能源资源的消耗加剧,可再生能源的开发,对改善我国能源的消费结构意义重大。 With increased consumption of China's rapid economic development, energy resources, renewable energy development, to improve China's energy consumption structure is significant. 发明内容本发明的目的是提供一种将废弃的污泥、生物质综合利用生产再生能源, 既解决城市污水处理厂的污泥处理问题,又将生物质变废为宝的生物质煤的生产制作方法。 Object of the present invention is to provide a waste sludge, biomass production and utilization of renewable energy, which addresses the problem of sludge of urban sewage treatment plants, in turn qualitative biological waste material is Po raw coal production processes method. 本发明所釆取的技术方案是:将污泥:生物质粉:活性炭、木炭或煤炭按照10: 0.5-2: 0. 5 ~ 2的比例混合搅拌均匀,堆积发酵3〜5天,成型,晒干或烘干即得。 The present invention taken Bian technical scheme: sludge: biomass powder: activated carbon, charcoal or coal of 10: 0.5: 0.5 to 2 ratio uniform mixing, three to five days accumulation of fermentation, shaping, dried or drying that was. 所述的污泥为污水处理厂、造纸厂、酒精厂排出的湿污泥或千污泥。 The sludge sewage treatment plants, paper mills, wet sludge discharged from the ethanol plant sludge or one thousand. 所述的生物质粉为杂草、树枝、叶、甘蔗叶、花生壳、蚕壳或桔杆粉碎后的粉,或木糠、木屑。 The biomass powder of the pulverized powder weeds, branches, leaves, cane leaves, peanut shells, straw or silkworm shell, sawdust or wood chips. 所述的活性炭、木炭或煤炭为巿场销售的煤炭、活性炭、木炭、或用生物质炭化得到的炭。 The activated carbon, charcoal or coal market coal, activated carbon, charcoal, charcoal or carbonized biomass obtained sales. 本发明的技术原理:生物质粉(或糠)具有吸水、吸潮性较强的特点,能将污泥中的水分吸干,污泥组分代替了黏土作为型煤黏结剂,可以节省大量的黏土资源,同时,由于污泥又具有热值,可提高型煤的发热量,节省煤炭用量, 还能减少型煤燃尽后灰的生成量;活性炭具有吸附作用,将污泥中的微生物及有毒的重金属吸附。 Technical principles of the invention: powder biomass (or bran) having water absorption, strong moisture absorption characteristics, moisture can dry sludge, the sludge component instead of clay as a binder briquette, can save a lot clay resources, and since the sludge has a calorific value and can increase the heating of coal, coal use savings, but also reduces the amount of ash generated after burn coal; activated carbon adsorption, sludge microorganisms heavy metals and toxic absorption. 将三种成分按一定比例混合在一起,利用各组成分的特性, 就可以生产出热量高达4000大卡的生物质煤。 The three components were mixed together in a certain proportion, by each sub-composition characteristics, heat can be produced up to 4000 kcal biomass coal. 本发明的优点在于:生产工艺简单,容易掌握控制技术,既解决了污水厂的污泥处理问题,又充分利用了废弃的生物质,还提供了可燃烧的再生能源,环保、节能,造福社会。 Advantage of the present invention is that: the production process is simple, easy to master control, not only solve the problem of wastewater treatment plant sludge treatment, and full use of biomass waste, also provides a combustion of renewable energy, environmental protection, energy conservation, the benefit of society . 且成本低廉,经济效益高。 And low cost, high economic efficiency. 具体实施方式本发明的生产工艺为:将含水污泥(65%~80%)或干污泥、木炭或活性炭、 生物质粉(糠或屑)按10: 0.5~2: 0. 5 ~ 2的比例下搅拌均匀(任何温度), 堆积发酵3〜5天,压制成煤型,晒干或烘干即可。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION The production process of the present invention is: the wet sludge (65% -80%) or dry sludge, charcoal or activated carbon, biomass flour (bran or chips) 10: 0.5 to 2: 0.5 to 2 stir the ratio (any temperature), the accumulation of three to five days of fermentation, compressed into coal type, can be dried or drying. 组分中的污泥是污水处理厂产生的污泥。 Component sludge is sewage sludge treatment plant. 组分中的木炭或活性炭,是巿场出售可以购买的产品,或用生物质炭化直接做成。 Charcoal or activated carbon component, the market is sold product can be purchased or made by direct carbonization of biomass. 组分中生物质粉是指杂草、树枝、叶、甘蔗叶、花生壳、桔杆、蚕壳等生物质的粉碎物,或各种木料的木糠、木屑。 Fraction flour refers to biomass biomass weeds, branches, leaves, cane leaves, peanut shells, straw, and other pulverized silkworm shell, or various wood sawdust, wood chips. 如果污泥的臭味较重, 可适当添加除臭去硫剂。 If the heavy odor of the sludge, sulfur may be suitably added to the deodorant agent. 实施例1:按以下组分配比称取原料:木糠20kg活性炭10kg 污泥(含水65°/。) 100kg用搅拌机搅均匀,堆积发酵三天后,压制成煤型,晒干即可。 Example 1: set the distribution ratio according to the following raw materials were weighed: sawdust 20kg 10kg activated sludge (aqueous 65 ° /.) 100kg uniformly stirred by a stirrer, three days after the accumulation of fermentation, compressed into coal type, can be dried. 实例施2:按以下组分配比称取原料:木屑15kg木炭5kg 干污泥30kg用搅拌机搅均匀,堆积发酵五天后,压制成煤型,晒干即可。 Shi Example 2: Press the group distribution ratio weighed raw materials: wood charcoal 5kg 15kg 30kg of dry sludge with a stirrer stir well, five days after the accumulation of fermentation, compressed into coal type, can be dried. 实施例3:按以下组分配比称取原料:花生壳粉碎成粉5kg活性炭20kg 污泥(含水80%) 100kg用搅拌机搅均匀,堆积发酵4天,成型,晒干即可。 Example 3: The following raw materials were weighed component proportion: peanut shell pulverized into powder 20kg 5kg activated sludge (water content 80%) 100kg uniformly stirred with a stirrer, a bulk four days of fermentation, shaping, can be dried.

Claims (4)

  1. 1、一种生物质煤的生产制作方法,其特征是:将污泥∶生物质粉∶活性炭、木炭或煤炭按照10∶0.5~2∶0.5~2的比例混合搅拌均匀,堆积发酵3~5天,成型,晒干或烘干即得。 A production method for manufacturing coal raw material, characterized in that: the sludge: biomass powder: activated carbon, charcoal or coal Stir scale 10:0.5 ~ 2 ~ 2:0.5 mixing, accumulation of fermentation 3-5 days, molding, drying, or drying to obtain.
  2. 2、 根据权利要求l所述的生物质煤的生产制作方法,其特征是:所述的污泥为污水处理厂、造纸厂、酒精厂排出的湿污泥或干污泥。 2, according to the production method of biomass production of coal according to claim l, characterized in that: said sludge is sewage treatment plants, paper mills, dry or wet sludge discharged sludge alcohol plant.
  3. 3、 根据权利要求l所述的生物质煤的生产制作方法,其特征是:所述的生物质粉为杂草、树枝、叶、甘蔗叶、花生壳、蚕壳或桔杆粉碎后的粉,或木糠、 木屑。 3. The method of producing biomass coal as claimed in claim l, wherein: said powder weed biomass, after powder branches, leaves, cane leaves, peanut shells, straw or pulverized shell silkworm or sawdust, wood chips.
  4. 4、 根据权利要求l所述的生物质煤的生产制作方法,其特征是:所述的活性炭、木炭或煤炭为巿场销售的煤炭、活性炭、木炭、或用生物质炭化得到的炭。 4, according to the production method of biomass production of coal according to claim l, wherein: the activated carbon, charcoal or coal market coal, activated carbon, charcoal, charcoal or carbonized biomass obtained sales.
CN 200810073476 2008-02-21 2008-02-21 Method for producing bio-coal CN101225341A (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101781595A (en) * 2010-03-05 2010-07-21 宁波双翼能源科技有限公司 Production method of solid type fuel
CN101891361A (en) * 2010-07-02 2010-11-24 贵州新欣环保投资有限责任公司 Domestic sludge treatment method
CN102250663A (en) * 2011-06-17 2011-11-23 东莞市保源达房地产开发有限公司 Biomass fuel and preparation method thereof
CN101412940B (en) 2008-11-18 2012-06-27 孙卓珩 Mixed fuel, preparation and special equipment
CN102863998A (en) * 2012-10-25 2013-01-09 贵州华能富民新能源科技有限公司 Biomass granular fuel produced by utilizing tobacco waste materials and preparation method thereof
CN102887615A (en) * 2011-07-19 2013-01-23 明大生物科技股份有限公司 Preparation method of refuse derived fuel
CN102942978A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-02-27 包晓东 Manufacturing method of sludge biomass fuel
CN101531936B (en) 2009-03-31 2013-04-10 孙孝成 Solid fuel containing combustible gas and production technology thereof
CN103254959A (en) * 2012-02-21 2013-08-21 鹤岗市盛铭物资贸易有限公司 Preparation and production method of biomass environment-friendly particulate coal briquettes
CN103305309A (en) * 2013-06-29 2013-09-18 许成荫 Biomass fuel and preparation method thereof
CN103555385A (en) * 2013-08-27 2014-02-05 肖国雄 Crop straw molded fuel and preparation method thereof
CN104357120A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-02-18 山西大学 Fermented biomass briquette coal and production method thereof
CN104893782A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-09-09 遵义方之林再生能源有限公司 Biomass fuel and production method thereof
CN105419896A (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-03-23 南京中医药大学 Traditional Chinese medicine dreg biomass fuel particles and preparation method therefor

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101412940B (en) 2008-11-18 2012-06-27 孙卓珩 Mixed fuel, preparation and special equipment
CN101531936B (en) 2009-03-31 2013-04-10 孙孝成 Solid fuel containing combustible gas and production technology thereof
CN101781595A (en) * 2010-03-05 2010-07-21 宁波双翼能源科技有限公司 Production method of solid type fuel
CN101891361A (en) * 2010-07-02 2010-11-24 贵州新欣环保投资有限责任公司 Domestic sludge treatment method
CN102250663A (en) * 2011-06-17 2011-11-23 东莞市保源达房地产开发有限公司 Biomass fuel and preparation method thereof
CN102887615A (en) * 2011-07-19 2013-01-23 明大生物科技股份有限公司 Preparation method of refuse derived fuel
CN103254959A (en) * 2012-02-21 2013-08-21 鹤岗市盛铭物资贸易有限公司 Preparation and production method of biomass environment-friendly particulate coal briquettes
CN102863998A (en) * 2012-10-25 2013-01-09 贵州华能富民新能源科技有限公司 Biomass granular fuel produced by utilizing tobacco waste materials and preparation method thereof
CN102942978A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-02-27 包晓东 Manufacturing method of sludge biomass fuel
CN103305309A (en) * 2013-06-29 2013-09-18 许成荫 Biomass fuel and preparation method thereof
CN103555385A (en) * 2013-08-27 2014-02-05 肖国雄 Crop straw molded fuel and preparation method thereof
CN104357120A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-02-18 山西大学 Fermented biomass briquette coal and production method thereof
CN104893782A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-09-09 遵义方之林再生能源有限公司 Biomass fuel and production method thereof
CN105419896A (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-03-23 南京中医药大学 Traditional Chinese medicine dreg biomass fuel particles and preparation method therefor
CN105419896B (en) * 2015-11-05 2018-02-09 南京中医药大学 Chinese medicine dregs biomass fuel particles and preparation method

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