钢龙骨约束开竖缝钢板剪力墙技术领域本发明属于结构工程技术领域，具体涉及一种钢龙骨约束开竖缝钢板剪力墙。 Steel keel binding on the vertical plate shear wall Technical Field The present invention belongs to the field of structural engineering, in particular to a binding on the vertical keel steel plate shear wall. 背景技术开竖缝钢板剪力墙作为一种新型抗侧力构件，在日本等高烈度抗震设防国家已开始广泛应用，近年来我国也逐渐开始研究开竖缝钢板剪力墙。 BACKGROUND open vertical steel plate shear wall as a novel lateral force resisting member, has been widely used in the Japanese high-intensity seismic countries, China in recent years has gradually started to study open vertical steel plate shear wall. 与带竖缝混凝土剪力墙相比，开竖缝钢板剪力墙具有更好的延性及耗能能力，克服了带竖缝混凝土剪力墙在小震下混凝土开裂、刚度及延性大幅降低的缺点，而且便于施工、设计布置灵活、适用广泛，大震后很容易进行更换和维修，是一种性能优越的抗震耗能构件；然而，设计开缝钢板剪力墙时必须开设较多的竖缝保证缝间墙体较小的宽厚比，以防止缝间墙的面外屈曲，从而达到较好的耗能效果及延性，但这增加了成本、减小了墙板抗侧刚度、降低了材料利用率及其经济性。 Compared with concrete shear walls with vertical joints, open vertical steel plate shear wall has better ductility and energy dissipation capacity, overcome with vertical joints in concrete shear walls under minor earthquake concrete cracking, stiffness and ductility significantly reduced shortcomings, and ease of construction, design and layout flexible, widely applicable, after the earthquake it is easy to replace and repair, is a superior performance of seismic energy dissipation member; however, it is necessary to open more vertical design of slotted steel plate shear wall sutural wall slits ensure a small width to thickness ratio, to prevent buckling of the outer wall surface of sutural, so as to achieve a better energy effect and ductility, but increases the cost and reduce the lateral stiffness of the wall, reducing the material utilization and economy. 发明内容本发明的目的在于提供一种具有较大抗侧刚度、在正常使用状态下基本不发生屈曲、 小震作用下保持弹性、大震作用下屈服并有效耗能的钢龙骨约束开竖缝钢板剪力墙。 Object of the present invention is to provide a greater lateral stiffness, buckling does not occur substantially in the normal use state, the elastic holding small earthquakes, under strong earthquake and yield effective energy of binding on the vertical joints steel keel steel plate shear walls. 本发明提出的钢龙骨约束开竖缝钢板剪力墙，由外边缘构件、钢板和钢龙骨加劲肋体系组成，其中，上边缘框架梁7、下边缘框架梁8、左边缘框架柱9和右边缘框架柱10依次相连，组成框架结构；钢龙骨加劲肋体系由竖向加劲肋2与水平加劲肋3组成，钢板l沿竖向均匀开有缝隙，钢板l内嵌于于外边缘构件组成的框架结构内，钢板1顶部通过鱼尾板4 连接上边缘框架梁7，钢板1底部通过鱼尾板4连接下边缘框架梁8;钢板l两侧设有竖向加劲肋2，竖向加劲肋2两端与鱼尾板4连接处开有圆孔6，以便螺栓穿过且有足够的滑移空间； 钢板1中部设有水平加劲肋3，水平加劲肋3的端板5与两个竖向加劲肋2分别通过螺栓连接。 The present invention is proposed steel keel binding on the vertical plate shear wall, by an outer edge of the member, and the steel plate stiffeners keel system composition, wherein the upper edges of the frame beam 7, the lower edge of the frame beam 8, the left and right edges of the frame pillar 9 edge of the frame column 10 are sequentially connected to form a frame structure; steel keel stiffeners system by a vertical stiffening ribs 2 and horizontal stiffening ribs 3 composed of a steel sheet l vertically uniformly slotted, steel plate l is embedded in the outer edge of the member consisting of within the frame structure, a top plate 4 is connected by a fishplate upper edge of the frame beam 7, the bottom plate 1 is connected by a fishplate lower edge of the frame beam 84; l is provided with a steel sheet 2 on both sides of the vertical stiffeners, the vertical stiffener 4 is connected at both ends with two fishplates circular opening 6, the bolt to slip through and there is enough space; central plate 1 provided with a horizontal stiffener 3, the horizontal stiffener 3 to the end plate 5 and two vertical 2 are connected by a bolt to the stiffeners. 本发明中，所述上边缘框架梁7、下边缘框架梁8分别为钢框架梁或钢筋混凝土框架梁之一种；所述左边缘框架柱9和右边缘框架柱10分别为钢框架柱或钢筋混凝土框架柱之一种。 In the present invention, the upper edge of the frame beam 7, the lower edge of the frame beam 8, respectively as a steel frame or a frame beam of reinforced concrete beams; the left edge and the right edge of the frame 9 columns 10 are steel frame columns or frame columns a framework reinforced concrete columns. 本发明中，所述钢板l上开有单行缝或多行缝。 In the present invention, there is a single line slit opening or seam line on the steel plate l. 本发明中，所述钢龙骨加劲肋体系采用一般的角钢、槽钢、钢管或轻钢型材，可以采用单面加劲或双面加劲。 In the present invention, the steel stiffeners keel system using the general angle, channel, steel or lightweight steel profiles may be used single-sided or double-sided stiffening stiffening. 本发明中，所述上边缘框架梁7、两个竖向加劲肋2、水平加劲肋3和下边缘框架梁8组成两个平行四边形机构，能够防止内嵌开缝钢板的整体屈曲失稳；竖向加劲肋顶部与边缘框架连接处开椭圆型螺栓孔，以保证在水平荷载作用下，加劲肋体系仅仅提供面外约束， 不参与抵抗侧向力，防止加劲肋过早破坏而退出工作；水平加劲肋与内嵌开竖缝钢板的连接能够约束其面外变形，改善墙板工作性能，防止内嵌开竖缝钢板在正常使用状态下发生面外屈曲，保证开竖缝钢板墙充分发挥抗侧力和耗能作用。 In the present invention, the upper edges of the frame beam 7, two vertical stiffeners 2, a horizontal stiffener 3 and the lower edge of the frame beams 8 form two parallelogram mechanism can be prevented slotted steel sheet integrally embedded buckling; vertical stiffener top edge connected to the frame at the open oval bolt holes, to ensure that the horizontal loads, the stiffener system only provides an outer surface constraints do not participate in resistance to lateral forces, to prevent the stiffener premature destruction deactivated; horizontal stiffeners to connect the embedded steel open vertical joints of plane deformation can be bound by its improved performance wall, open vertical joints to prevent the embedded steel outer surface buckling occurs under normal use state, open vertical joints to ensure full plate wall lateral forces and energy dissipation effect. 本发明对非加劲开缝钢板剪力墙通过在两侧表面加加劲肋的形式，可以有效减少内嵌开竖缝钢板所需开竖缝的数量，防止钢板外屈曲，提高墙板的抗侧刚度，改善开竖缝钢板剪力墙的延性和耗能性能。 The present invention is non-stiffened plate shear wall opening through jerk on both side surfaces of the reinforcing ribs forms, it can effectively reduce the amount of steel required to open vertical joints open vertical joints embedded, to prevent the outer plate buckling, to improve the anti-side wall stiffness, improve open vertical steel plate shear wall ductility and energy dissipation. 本发明提供的屈钢龙骨约束钢板剪力墙是多高层建筑钢结构或其它结构的一种新型抗侧力构件，它具有开缝少、成本低、施工方便等特点，并拥有良好的抗震性能、延性和滞回耗能能力，是一种优越的抗震耗能构件。 Shear plate bent steel keel constraints provided by the invention is a multi-steel high-rise building or a new member other lateral force resisting structure having slits less, low cost, easy construction, etc, and have good seismic performance , ductility and hysteretic energy capacity, is a superior seismic energy dissipation member. 附图说明图l为本发明的钢龙骨约束开竖缝钢板剪力墙单元分解图。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF FIG constraints l steel keel opening of the present invention exploded vertical plate shear wall unit in FIG. 图2为本发明的钢龙骨约束开竖缝钢板剪力墙结构示意图（平面图）。 FIG constraint steel keel 2 of the present invention apart vertical plate shear wall structure diagram (plan view). 图3为本发明的钢龙骨约束开竖缝钢板剪力墙结构示意图中的1-l剖面示意图。 1-l steel keel constrained shear schematic FIG. 3 is an open vertical joints of steel sheet cross-sectional view. 图中标号：l为钢板，2为竖向加劲肋，3为水平加劲肋，4为鱼尾板，5为水平加劲肋端板，焊接在水平加劲肋两端，6为竖向加劲肋上的圆孔，7为上边缘框架梁，8为下边缘框架梁，9为左边缘框架柱，IO为右边缘框架柱，11为连接内嵌的钢板1与鱼尾板4的螺栓，12为连接加劲肋与鱼尾板的螺栓。 FIG numeral: l steel sheet, 2 is a vertical stiffening ribs 3 is a horizontal stiffening ribs 4 of fish plates, 5 is a horizontal stiffener end plates welded to the horizontal stiffener ends 6 of the vertical stiffening ribs the circular hole, the upper edge 7 of the frame beams, frame beam 8 to a lower edge, the left edge of the frame 9 of the column, the IO column to the right edge of the frame, the bolt 11 is connected to the steel sheet 1 embedded with fish plate 4, 12 connecting bolt stiffeners fish plate. 具体实施方式下面结合附图对本发明进行详细说明。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION The present invention will be described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. 实施例l:本发明的钢龙骨约束开缝钢板剪力墙由内嵌开竖缝钢板和加劲肋体系以及边缘构件组成；边缘构件由上边缘框架梁7，下边缘框架梁8和左边缘框架柱9，右边缘框架柱10组成，内嵌的开竖缝钢板l采用普通的延性结构钢，鱼尾板4分别与上边缘梁7，下边缘梁8焊接，内嵌的带竖缝钢板1通过高强摩擦型螺栓11与鱼尾板4连接，竖向加劲肋2上端开椭圆孔6，以便普通螺栓12穿过并留有足够的滑移空间，水平加劲肋端板5与水平加劲肋3焊接连接，并与竖向加劲肋2、内嵌开竖缝钢板1通过普通螺栓12连接。 Embodiment Example l: steel keel constraint invention open by the plate shear wall embedded steel open vertical joints and stiffeners system composition and an edge member; edge member 7, the lower edges of the frame beam 8 and the upper edge of the left edge of the frame by the frame beams column 9, the right edge frame consisting of 10 columns, the open vertical joints embedded steel ductility l ordinary structural steel, each fish plate 4 and the upper edge of the beam 7, 8 is welded at the edge of the beam, the embedded steel sheet of slit 1 friction-type high-strength bolts are connected by fishplates 11 and 4, the upper end of the vertical stiffener 2 with oval holes 6, so that the common bolt 12 with sufficient slip through the space, horizontal stiffener end plate 5 and the horizontal stiffener 3 a welded connection, and the vertical stiffener 2, embedded steel open vertical joints connected by a common bolt 12. 本发明的使用方法如下：(1) 由竖向荷载确定上、下边缘框架梁7、 8及左、右边缘框架柱9、 IO的截面尺寸；(2) 由水平荷载确定内嵌的钢板l厚度、宽度以及开缝形式，以保证框架、开竖缝钢板墙承载力及弹性层间位移角满足设计要求；(3) 通过内嵌的开缝钢板屈曲分析决定加劲肋最小尺寸限值，保证钢龙骨加劲肋体系平面外的约束刚度满足要求；(4) 验算结构破坏模式，保证大震作用下内嵌钢板先于框架构件屈服，从而耗散能量;(5) 边缘框架梁与鱼尾板4的连接在钢结构加工厂中加工，梁柱在施工现场安装完成以后，内嵌的钢板l通过螺栓或焊接连接与边缘框架梁连接。 Using the method of the present invention is as follows: (1) determined by the vertical loads, 7, 8 and left 9, IO-sectional dimension of the right edge of the lower edge of the frame beam frame columns; (2) determined by the horizontal load plate embedded l thickness, width, and a slit form, to ensure that the frame, the displacement angle between on design requirements vertical wall bearing capacity and steel plate and an elastic layer; (3) buckling analysis determines the minimum size limit of stiffener through the embedded slotted plate, to ensure stiffness steel keel restraint system stiffeners meet out of the plane; (4) Failure mode checking to ensure that the embedded steel sheet before yielding to the frame member under strong earthquake, to dissipate energy; (5) edges of the frame beam and fishplate 4 is connected to the steel plant in processing, after the installation is complete beams at the construction site, the embedded plate l is connected by bolting or welding to the edges of the frame beam.