CN101215205A - Synergistic foliage fertilizer and application method thereof - Google Patents

Synergistic foliage fertilizer and application method thereof Download PDF

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CN101215205A
CN101215205A CN 200710185672 CN200710185672A CN101215205A CN 101215205 A CN101215205 A CN 101215205A CN 200710185672 CN200710185672 CN 200710185672 CN 200710185672 A CN200710185672 A CN 200710185672A CN 101215205 A CN101215205 A CN 101215205A
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fertilizer
salt
foliar
synergistic
poly
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CN 200710185672
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CN101215205B (en )
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张德丰
峰 李
李文曦
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石家庄开发区德赛化工有限公司
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The invention discloses a synergy foliar fertilizer, which adds poly-aspartic acid or the salt in the foliar fertilizer, the weight percentage of the proportion of the poly-aspartic acid or the salt and the foliar fertilizer is that, the poly-aspartic acid or the salt is 40-1% and the foliar fertilizer is 60-99%. The effective components of the foliar fertilizer are the two or more of amino acid, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, copper, manganese, zinc, boron, iron and molybdenum. The invention is applied for field crop, economic crop, fruit and vegetable. The application method is that adding water to dilute the product, spraying the foliage with the amount of 10-50g yield per acre. The poly-aspartic acid utilized by the invention belongs to green macromolecular compound which is safe, non-toxic and no public nuisance and biodegradable, having higher environmental protection effect, being capable of improving the utilization ratio of about 10% to 40% and increasing the production, thereby leading benefit for the peasant really, having economic prospect and social benefit.

Description

一种增效叶面肥及其应用方法技术领域本发明涉及一种增效叶面肥,具体的说是一种利用普通叶面肥和植物营养吸收促进剂——聚天冬氨酸生产的增效叶面肥以及该增效叶面肥在农业上的应用。 Foliar application and a synergistic TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a synergistic fertilizer, specifically the use of a common fertilizer and plant nutrient absorption accelerator - polyaspartic acid produced foliar application efficiency and the efficiency of fertilizer in agriculture. 背景技术根据科学工作者多年的研究证明,合理经济施肥,是作物增产增质的重要措施之一,因为施肥是高产优质的物质基础。 BACKGROUND According to research scientists for many years to prove, rational economic fertilization, crop production is one of the important measures to increase quality, high yield and quality because fertilization is the material basis. 近年来,施肥技术有了很大进展, 为了克服肥料中的有效元素吸收效率不高的问题,近年来出现了很多种增加肥料吸收的促进剂。 In recent years, fertilization technology has made great progress, in order to overcome the effective elements in fertilizer absorption efficiency is not high, in recent years there have been a variety of promoters to increase fertilizer uptake. 如中国专利CN1594241公开的"一种促进叶菜作物营养吸收的方法,,,就公开说明了聚天冬氨酸(PASP)作为营养吸收促进剂在叶菜作物中的应用,它可促进叶菜作物对土壤中原有的或施加的N、 P等营养元素的吸收,从而提高叶菜类作物的生长速度和产量。上述专利技术是将聚天冬氨酸作成溶液后,直接进行浸种、浇根、或者喷洒在植物的叶面上,以促进植物对化学肥料的吸收。中国专利CN101028984公开了一种多肽复合肥,它是在复合肥中添加有聚天冬氨酸或其盐,此专利里描述复合肥是尿基复合肥和硝基复合肥,其中尿基复合肥是指尿素、磷酸一铵、钾肥等混合。将聚天冬氨酸或其盐按2~100倍的重量配置比例加入水进行稀释制成水溶液,然后加入熔融的复合肥中,进行造粒。另外还有一项专利CN1733655公开的是以聚天冬氨酸或其盐和尿素为成分经熔融混合制 Chinese Patent CN1594241 discloses a "method of promoting crop nutrient uptake ,,, leaf publicly described polyaspartic acid (PASP) Application accelerator in leafy crops as nutrient uptake, which can promote leaf some crops N, P and other nutrients applied to the soil Central or absorption, thereby increasing the growth rate and yield of leafy crops above patents is made after polyaspartic acid solution, direct soaking, pouring root or sprayed on plant foliage, plant in order to promote the absorption of chemical fertilizers. Chinese patent CN101028984 discloses a fertilizer polypeptide, which is added in the fertilizer has polyaspartic acid or a salt thereof, in this patent description of urea-based fertilizer and fertilizer is nitro compound, urea-based fertilizer wherein the mixing means urea, monoammonium phosphate, potash, etc. the polyaspartic acid or salt thereof disposed by weight Comparative Example 2 was added to 100 times diluted water solution is made and then added to the molten fertilizer in granulated. Another patent CN1733655 disclosed is a polyaspartic acid or a salt thereof and urea as component prepared by melt-mixing 的增效尿素,其与CN101028984公开的技术基本相同。上述专利技术是将聚天冬氨酸或者其盐应用到根施的以氮、磷、钾等为主要营养元素的、由植物根部大量吸收的肥料中。但是,有些微量元素采用叶面施肥对农作物的吸收具有更好的效果。目前叶面肥作为强化作物的营养和防治某些缺素病状的一种施肥措施,已得到迅速推广和应用。叶面肥主要是将含有锌、铜、铁、锰、钼等微量元素无机盐和水配合而成,叶面肥是一种肥料利用率高且用量少的重要而有效的施肥技术,特别是作物生长初期和后期根部吸收能力较弱时,对作物喷施叶面肥及时补充营养可大大提高植物产品的质量和产量。叶面施肥是一种即经济又理想,效果又好的施肥措施,在根施肥的基础上, 配合施叶面肥,能充分发挥叶面肥的增产、增质作用。但是叶面施肥除具有以上优势外,也 The efficiency of urea, which is substantially the same techniques disclosed CN101028984 above patents is polyaspartic acid or a salt thereof is applied to the root of the applied nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and other nutrients in the main, large absorbed by plant roots of fertilizers. However, some trace elements foliar fertilizer absorption of crops have better results now enhanced crops as foliar nutrition and control of certain measures one kind of fertilizer nutrient deficiency condition, and has been rapidly expanded application. fertilizer mainly containing zinc, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum inorganic salts and other trace elements together with water, foliar fertilizer is a high efficiency and with a small amount of important and effective fertilization techniques , especially early and late crop root absorption capacity is weak, the crop foliar spraying nutritional supplements can greatly improve the quality and yield of plant products. foliar fertilizer is an economical and ideal, and good results fertilization, based on the root fertilization, with applying fertilizer, fertilizer can give full play to increase production, increase the role of quality. but foliar feeding addition to the above advantages, but also 有许多不足。如叶面肥施用以后,在短时间内会蒸发干燥,或者遇上雨水将会使其完全失效,需要重新喷施,从而增加劳动强度和肥料成本。 因此提高叶面肥的利用率,比提高根施肥料的利用率具有更大的现实意义。下面的专利技术即公开了几种促进叶面肥中有效成分吸收的促进剂,或者肥料。中国专利CN1733657公开了一种复方曱壳低聚糖叶面肥,含有曱壳低聚糖成份。本发明是以海洋生物中提取的甲壳低聚糖为主要原料并添加植物生长所需要的营养物质和微量元素制成。中国专利200510010435. 5公开了一种多肽液肥的配方及其制备方法,它是一种叶面肥。它由多肽粉、氨基酸粉、螯合剂、 葡萄糖、锌、铜、铁、锰、钼、水配制加工而成。 There are many problems such as after application of fertilizer, in a short time evaporation and drying, or encounter rain will make it a complete failure, need to re-spraying, thereby increasing the intensity of labor and fertilizer costs. Therefore, to improve the utilization of fertilizer rate, has a greater significance than the root to improve the utilization of fertilizer the following patents i.e. promoter promoting discloses several active ingredients absorbed fertilizer, or fertilizer. Chinese Patent CN1733657 discloses a compound Yue Chitooligosaccharide fertilizer, Yue shell containing oligosaccharide ingredient. the present invention is extracted from marine organisms Chitooligosaccharide main raw material and adding nutrients and trace elements required for plant growth is made. Chinese patent 200510010435 5 discloses a method for preparing a polypeptide formulations and liquid fertilizer, which is a fertilizer. it is a polypeptide powder formulations, amino acid powder, chelating agents, glucose, zinc, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, and the processing water to make. 上述两个专利技术的配方和制造工艺都比较麻烦。 The above two patented formulation and manufacturing process are more troublesome. 聚天冬氨酸作为用于植物营养吸收的促进剂和高吸水材料,在植物根部吸收的、量大的氮磷钾等主要肥料已得到应用,但在更有利于微量元素吸收的叶面肥中却没有报道。 Polyaspartic acid as an accelerator and a high water absorbing material for a plant nutrient absorption, absorbed by the roots of plants, the major amount of NPK fertilizers have been applied, but more conducive to absorption of trace elements foliar in but not reported. 发明内容本发明需要解决的技术问题是提供一种能够高效吸收的叶面肥,及其在农业上的应用方法。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The technical problem to be solved is to provide an efficient absorption of the fertilizer, and an application method in agriculture. 为解决上述技术问题,本发明所采用的技术方案是:一种增效叶面肥,其由重量百分比为40~ 1%的聚天冬氨酸或其盐和60~ 99% 的叶面肥构成,且上述增效叶面肥是由聚天冬氨酸或其盐的单质或溶液加入到叶面肥中,混合均匀后的产物。 To solve the above technical problem, the technical solution employed in the present invention are: a synergistic fertilizer, which is, by weight percent of 40 to 1% polyaspartic acid or salt thereof and from 60 to 99% of fertilizer configuration, and said fertilizer efficiency is polyaspartic acid or a salt thereof by the addition of a single substance or in solution to the fertilizer, the mixed product. 上述聚天冬氨酸或其盐,是由氨基酸单体为L-天冬氨酸、DL-天冬氨酸各自聚合而成或进一步水解成盐,其水解产物可以是聚天冬氨酸的钠盐、钾盐、 铵盐、锌盐、镁盐、钙盐或其混合盐,分子量在2500到8000之间。 The above-described polyaspartic acid or a salt thereof, the amino acid is L- aspartic acid monomers, DL-aspartic acid are each polymerization or further hydrolyzed to the salt, which may be a hydrolyzate polyaspartic sodium, potassium, ammonium, zinc, magnesium, calcium salt or a mixture thereof, a molecular weight of between 2500 to 8000. 上述叶面肥是指按国家标准或企业标准生产的普通叶面肥,其有效成分为氨基酸、氮、磷、钾、铜、锰、锌、硼、铁、钼的其中两种或者两种以上;加适量的水配置而成。 Foliar Foliar above refers to the national standard or normal standard production enterprises, the active ingredient is an amino acid, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, copper, manganese, zinc, boron, iron, molybdenum, wherein two or more than two ; configured by adding an appropriate amount of water. 本发明还提供了增效叶面肥在农业中的应用,增效叶面肥应用于大田作物、 经济作物、果蔬作物,用量为每亩10〜50克,施用方法是将本品加水稀释,叶面喷施。 The present invention further provides a synergistic fertilizer in agriculture applications, efficiency foliar applied field crops, crops, vegetable crops, in an amount of 10~50 g per acre, the method of application by diluting the product with water, foliar spray. 由于采用了上述技术方案,本发明取得的技术进步是:聚天冬氨酸与作物需要的营养元素混合使用,可以提高植物叶面对各种营养元素的吸收速度和吸收量。 By adopting the technical solution, the present invention achieves technical progress are: polyaspartic acid and nutrients required for the crop mix, can improve the absorption rate of various plant leaf face and absorption of nutrients. 通过在叶面肥中添加一定比例的聚天冬氨酸,可以促进叶面对氮、磷、钾、铜、锰、锌、硼、铁、钼、氨基酸等各种营养元素的吸收。 By adding a certain proportion of the polyaspartic acid in the fertilizer, can promote the absorption of various nutrients leaf face nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, copper, manganese, zinc, boron, iron, molybdenum, and other amino acids. 本发明的增效叶面肥配比简单,不需要其它复杂的原料,所有有效的肥料元素和聚天冬氨酸都是可水溶性的物质,将这些物质配成水溶液后即可使用。 Foliar synergistic ratio of the present invention is simple, does not require other complex materials, all active elements and fertilizers polyaspartic acid are water-soluble substance may be, these materials can be used after formulated into an aqueous solution. 聚天冬氨酸是安全、无毒、可生物降解的植物营养吸收促进剂,它与叶面肥配合使用,来促进作物叶面对营养元素的吸收,从而提高作物的质量和产量; 同时,由于聚天冬氨酸是一种氨基酸的聚合物,具有一定的生物活性, 一定分子量的聚天冬氨酸对作物细胞的生长具有促进作用。 Polyaspartic acid is safe, non-toxic, biodegradable plant nutrient absorption accelerator, it is used in conjunction with fertilizer to promote crop leaf elements facing the absorption of nutrients, thereby improving the quality and yield of crops; at the same time, Since polyaspartic acid is a polymer of amino acids, have some biological activity, certain polyaspartic acid having a molecular weight promoting effect on crop growth of cells. 经过试验与检测,本发明的增效叶面肥在农业上使用具有突出的优势和特点:1、 本发明所使用的聚天冬氨酸属于安全、无毒无公害、可生物降解的绿色高分子化合物,具有较高的环保效果,曾获得美国"总统绿色化学挑战奖"。 After testing and testing, the present invention is synergistic fertilizer in agriculture having outstanding advantages and features: 1, used in the present invention is a polyaspartic acid are safe, pollution-free, non-toxic, biodegradable high green molecular compounds, with high environmental performance, won the US "presidential green Chemistry challenge Award." 2、 本技术可以直接利用原来叶面肥的生产线进行生产,因此生产投入少; 其配置方法只需在原来叶面肥产品中加入聚天冬氨酸即可,不需要其它复杂的原材料,因此生产成本低,并能大大提高肥料利用率,使农民节约肥料,减少投入。 2, the present technique may use the previous fertilizer production line for production, thereby producing less investment; configuration thereof only added to the original polyaspartic fertilizer products, no other complex material, and therefore low production costs, and can greatly improve the utilization rate of fertilizer, fertilizer saving the farmer, reduce investment. 3、将本发明的产品应用于农业试验表明,确实可促进农作物对氮、磷、钾和微量元素的吸收,提高肥料利用率10%~40%左右;可使农作物增产;同时可增强农作物的抗逆能力,改善农作物的品质等功效。 3, the product of the invention used in agricultural tests showed that indeed facilitate crop absorption of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and trace elements, improve fertilizer use efficiency of about 10% to 40%; yield crop can; while enhancing crop resilience, improving the quality of crops and other effects. 使农民真正受益,具有良好的经济前景和社会效益。 So that farmers really benefit with good economic prospects and social benefits. 具体实施方式下面结合具体实施方案对本发明做进一步详细说明: 实施例1本实施例的增效叶面肥的配比为:尿素187. 5g,聚天冬氨酸307g,硝酸钾18g,硼砂5g,钼酸铵1.5g,味精100g,水381g。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION The following embodiment with reference to specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail: Example 1 of the present embodiment foliar efficiency ratio: urea 187. 5g, polyaspartate 307g, potassium nitrate 18g, 5g borax , ammonium molybdate 1.5g, MSG 100g, water 381g. 普通叶面肥的配比为:尿素187. 5g,硝酸钾18g,硼砂5g,钼酸铵1. 5g, 味精100g,水688g。 Foliar common ratio: urea 187. 5g, potassium nitrate 18g, borax 5g, ammonium molybdate 1. 5g, MSG 100g, water 688g. 将上述物料放入2000ml烧杯中并搅拌,使各成分充分溶解,混合均匀,过滤,分装。 The above materials were placed in 2000ml beaker and stirred to dissolve the ingredients well, mixed, filtered, aliquoted. 使用时将本品加水稀释, 一亩地的用量为20~ 30g,叶面喷施。 The use of this product is diluted with water, an acre of land in an amount of 20 ~ 30g, foliar spray. 将本发明的增效叶面肥与普通叶面肥在大棚黄瓜上的进行了对照试验,试验设置l个实验组,3个对比组处理;每个组的土地面积18平方米,每组三个地块,每个重复内地块按随机方式排列。 The present invention is synergistic with foliar fertilizer in general on Cucumber controlled trials, provided l test experimental group, control group 3 treated; land area of ​​18 square meters per group, groups of three plots, each plot arranged in the repeated random manner. 其中对比组1采用一—常规施肥,不进行叶面施水或者叶面施肥。 1 uses a comparison group wherein - conventional fertilizer, without foliar applied water or foliar fertilization. 对比组2——常规施肥+喷施清水,生长旺盛期每亩喷施25公斤清水2次, 间隔7天。 2-- + control group conventional fertilizer spraying water, vigorous growth of 25 kilograms per acre spraying water twice, 7 days apart. 对比组3——常规施肥+喷施普通叶面肥,生长旺盛期每亩喷施20g普通叶面肥(溶于25公斤清水)2次,间隔7天。 3-- control group conventional fertilization + foliar spraying general, the growing season fertilizer per acre spraying 20g Normal (dissolved in 25 kg of water) twice, 7 days apart. 实验组——常规施肥+喷施增效叶面肥,生长旺盛期每亩喷施20g增效叶面肥(溶于25公斤清水)2次,间隔7天。 Experimental group - + conventional fertilizer foliar spraying efficiency, the growing season fertilizer per acre spraying efficiency 20g (water was dissolved 25 kg) twice, 7 days apart. 结果显示:施用增效叶面肥的黄瓜与施用普通叶面肥的黄瓜比较,叶色浓绿,叶片宽大、长势快,根系发达,口感好。 The results show: cucumber administration efficiency foliar fertilizer compared with the general administration of cucumbers, dark green leaves, leaves large, fast-growing, well-developed root system and good taste. 各项指标如表l:表l产量比较(单位:公斤/亩)地点 处理 重复l 重复2 重复3 平均 增产(% )石家庄白佛村 对比组1 8086. 7 8105. 4 8092. 4 譜4. 8 -- 对比组2 8329. 1 8319. 7 8291. 4 8313. 4 2. 7 对比组3 8814. 5 8805. 7 8810. 8 8810. 3 8. 8 实验组 9614.5 9920. 8 9683. 9 9739. 7 20. 3从表中可以看出,施用增效叶面肥比施用普通叶面肥平均增产11.5%。 Indicators are shown in Table l: Table l Yield (Unit: kg / mu) Location processing is repeated l Repeat 2 Repeat 3 Average yield (%) Comparative group 1 Village Shijiazhuang Baifo 8086.7 8105.4 8092.4 4 spectra. 8 - Comparative group 2 8329.1 8319.7 8291.4 8313.4 2.7 comparison group 3 8805.7 8814.5 8810.8 8810.3 8.8 9614.5 9920.8 9683. experimental group 99,739. 7 20.3 As can be seen from the table, the administration efficiency of administration than normal foliar fertilizer 11.5% average yield. 实施例2本实施例的增效叶面肥的配比为:尿素160g,聚天冬氨酸10g,硝酸钾10g, 硼砂5g,钼酸铵1.5g,硫酸锌5g,硫酸铁5g,硫酸铜5g,味精lGGg,水698. 5g。 Example fertilizer efficiency ratio Example 2 are: urea 160g, polyaspartate 10g, potassium nitrate 10g, borax 5g, ammonium molybdate 1.5g, zinc sulfate 5g, iron sulfate 5g, copper sulfate 5g, MSG lGGg, water 698. 5g. 普通叶面肥的配比为:尿素160g,硝酸钾10g,硼砂5g,钼酸铵1.5g, 疏酸锌5g,硫酸铁5g,硫酸铜5g,味精100g,水708. 5g。 Foliar common ratio: urea 160g, potassium nitrate 10g, borax 5g, ammonium molybdate 1.5g, sparse zinc 5g, iron sulfate 5g, copper sulfate 5g, MSG 100g, water 708. 5g. 本品适用于补充作物中缺少的氮、钾、硼、钼、锌、铁、铜、氨基酸等, 一亩地的用量为25~40g。 This product is suitable to supplement the lack of crop nitrogen, potassium, boron, molybdenum, zinc, iron, copper, and other amino acids, an acre of land in an amount of 25 ~ 40g. 本发明的增效叶面肥与普通叶面肥在大棚生菜上进行了对照试验。 Synergistic foliar fertilizer of the present invention and ordinary controlled trials conducted in greenhouse lettuce. 试验方法同实施例l,得到如表2的各项指标:表2产量比较(单位:公斤/亩)地点 处理 重复l 重复2 重复3 平均 增产(% )石家庄 对比组1 2186. 7 2205. 4 2192. 4 2194. 8 --白佛村 对比组2 2339. 1 2319. 7 2381. 7 2313. 5 5. 4 对比组3 2514.5 2505. 7 2510. 8 2510. 3 14. 4 实验组 2910. 5 2924.8 2983. 6 2939. 6 33. 9从表中可以看出,施用增效叶面肥比施用普通叶面肥生菜平均增产19.5%。 Test Method described in Example l, the indicators obtained as shown in Table 2: Table 2 Yield (Unit: kg / mu) Location processing is repeated l Repeat 2 Repeat 3 Average yield (%) Comparative group 1 Shijiazhuang 2186.7 2205.4 2192.4 2194.8 - Baifo village Comparative group 2 2339.1 2319.7 2381.7 2313.5 5.4 2514.5 2505.7 comparison group 3 2510.8 2510.3 2910.5 14.4 experiment 2924.8 2983.6 2939.6 33.9 As can be seen from the table, the administration efficiency foliar fertilizer than normal lettuce administration average yield of 19.5%. 施用增效叶面肥的生菜与施用普通叶面肥的生菜比较,叶色浓绿,叶片宽大、 长势快,根系发达,口感好。 Foliar application of efficiency of application of general fertilizer lettuce and lettuce comparison, dark green leaves, leaves large, fast-growing, well-developed root system and good taste. 实施例3本实施例的增效叶面肥的配比为:聚天冬氨酸200g,硝酸钾18g,硼砂5g, 钼酸铵1.5g,硫酸锌5g,硫酸铁5g,硫酸铜5g,味精50g,水210. 5 g。 Example fertilizer efficiency ratio for Example 3: polyaspartate 200g, potassium nitrate 18g, borax 5g, ammonium molybdate 1.5g, zinc sulfate 5g, iron sulfate 5g, copper sulfate 5g, monosodium glutamate 50g, water, 210. 5 g. 普通叶面肥的配比为:硝酸钾18g,硼砂5g,钼酸铵1.5g,疏酸锌5g,硫酸铁5g,硫酸铜5g,味精5Qg,水41G. 5 g。 The ratio of common fertilizer: potassium nitrate 18g, borax 5g, ammonium molybdate 1.5g, sparse zinc 5g, iron sulfate 5g, copper sulfate 5g, MSG 5Qg, water 41G 5 g.. 本品补充作物中缺少的钾、硼、钼、氮、锌、铁、铜、氨基S吏等, 一亩地的用量为10~20g。 This product is added missing crop potassium, boron, molybdenum, nitrogen, zinc, iron, copper, and other officials amino-S, an acre of land in an amount of 10 ~ 20g. 本发明的增效叶面肥与普通叶面肥在大棚草莓上进行了对照试验。 Synergistic foliar fertilizer of the present invention and ordinary controlled trials conducted on strawberry. 实验方法同实施例1,得到如表3的各项指标:表3产量比较(单位:公斤/亩)<table>table see original document page 8</column></row> <table>从表中可以看出,施用增效叶面肥比施用普通叶面肥草莓平均增产8.4%。 Experimental method in Example 1, to obtain the indicators as shown in Table 3: Table 3 Yield comparison: from the table (unit kg / mu) <table> table see original document page 8 </ column> </ row> <table> As can be seen, foliar administration efficiency than ordinary administration strawberry foliar average yield of 8.4%. 实施例4本实施例的增效叶面肥的配比为:尿素187. 5g,聚天冬氨酸200g,磷酸二氢钾18g,硼砂5g,钼酸铵1.5g,碌u酸锰2g,味精100g,水486g。 Example fertilizer efficiency ratio 4 This example is: urea 187. 5g, polyaspartate 200g, potassium phosphate monobasic 18g, borax 5g, ammonium molybdate 1.5g, manganese bunk u 2g, MSG 100g, water 486g. 普通叶面肥的配比为:尿素187. 5g,磷酸二氢钾18g,硼砂5g,钼酸铵1. 5g, 硫酸锰2g,味精100g,水686g。 Foliar common ratio: urea 187. 5g, potassium phosphate monobasic 18g, borax 5g, ammonium molybdate 1. 5g, manganese sulfate 2g, MSG 100g, water 686g. 本品可补充作物中缺少的氮、磷、钾、硼、钼、锰、氨基酸等, 一亩地的用量为20~30g。 It can supplement the lack of crop nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, boron, molybdenum, manganese, and other amino acids, an acre of land in an amount of 20 ~ 30g. 本发明的增效叶面肥与普通叶面肥在河北省衡水市翼县的棉花上进行了对照试验。 Synergistic foliar fertilizer of the present invention is carried out with ordinary cotton controlled trials in the county of Hebei Hengshui wing. 试验设置4个处理,每个小区面积30平米,重复3次,每个重复内小区按随机方式排列,施用方法同实施例l,得到如表4的各项指标:表4产量比较(单位:公斤/亩)<table>table see original document page 9</column></row> <table>从表中可以看出,施用增效叶面肥比施用普通叶面肥的棉花平均增产7. 6%。 Test Set 4 treatments, per cell area of ​​30 square meters, was repeated three times, each replicate within cells arranged in a random manner, the method of application Example l with the embodiment, the indicators give in Table 4: Table 4 Yield (Unit: kg / mu) <table> table see original document page 9 </ column> </ row> <table> As can be seen from the table, the administration efficiency foliar fertilizer than ordinary cotton administered average yield of 7.6 %. 施用增效叶面肥具有促进棉花植株的生长发育,提高株高、果枝数、成铃数的功效。 Administration having synergistic growth promoting foliage of cotton plants, improve the effectiveness of height, of branch, into a number of boll.

Claims (5)

  1. 1、一种增效叶面肥,包括叶面肥,其特征在于:在叶面肥中添加肥料有效元素吸收促进剂聚天冬氨酸或其盐;聚天冬氨酸或其盐和叶面肥的配比的重量百分比为:聚天冬氨酸或其盐40~1%,叶面肥60~99%。 1, a synergistic fertilizer comprising fertilizer, characterized by: adding an effective element fertilizer absorption accelerator foliar polyaspartic acid or a salt thereof; and polyaspartic acid or a salt thereof and leaves ratio of the weight percent of the sourdough: polyaspartic acid or a salt thereof 40 to 1%, 60% to 99% fertilizer.
  2. 2、 根据权利要求1所述的一种增效叶面肥,其特征在于所述聚天冬氨酸或其盐以单质或溶液形式加入到叶面肥中;上述聚天冬氨酸或其盐,是由氨基酸单体为L-天冬氨酸、D. L-天冬氨酸各自聚合而成或进一步水解成盐,其水解产物可以是聚天冬氨酸的钠盐、钾盐、铵盐、锌盐、镁盐、钩盐或其混合盐,分子量在2500到8000之间。 2. A synergistic fertilizer according to claim 1, characterized in that the polyaspartic acid or salt thereof is added to the fertilizer in the form of a single substance or a solution; and the poly-aspartic acid or salts, the amino acid is L- aspartic acid monomers, D. L- aspartic each polymerization or further hydrolyzed to the salt, the sodium salt product may be hydrolyzed to polyaspartic acid, potassium salt, ammonium salts, zinc salts, magnesium salts, salts or mixed salts hook, a molecular weight of between 2500 to 8000.
  3. 3、 根据权利要求1所述的一种增效叶面肥,其特征在于所述叶面肥是指按国家标准或企业标准生产的普通叶面肥,其有效成分为氨基酸、氮、磷、钾、 铜、锰、锌、硼、铁、钼的其中两种或者两种以上。 3, a synergistic fertilizer according to claim 1, characterized in that said means common foliar fertilizer according to national standards or corporate standard production, the active ingredient is an amino acid, nitrogen, phosphorus, Two of potassium, copper, manganese, zinc, boron, iron, molybdenum, or two or more kinds.
  4. 4、 根据权利要求1所述的一种增效叶面肥,其特征在于:其应用于大田作物、经济作物、果蔬作物。 4, a synergistic fertilizer according to claim 1, characterized in that: it is applied to field crops, crops, fruit and vegetable crops.
  5. 5、 根据权利要求1所述的一种增效叶面肥,其特征在于:其施用量为每亩10~50克;其应用方法是将本品加水稀释,叶面喷施。 5, a synergistic fertilizer according to claim 1, characterized in that: it is administered in an amount of 10 to 50 grams per acre; application of this product is diluted with water, spraying.
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101418075B (en) 2008-11-27 2010-12-08 同济大学;东营力帮化学制品有限公司 Method for preparing poly-aspartic potassium used in plant growth accelerator and use
CN102267843A (en) * 2011-06-27 2011-12-07 石家庄开发区德赛化工有限公司 Preparation method of synergic water soluble fertilizer
CN102320892A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-01-18 浙江师范大学 Fruit tree zinc rich foliar fertilizer
CN102674985A (en) * 2012-06-15 2012-09-19 云南天和地农业营养科技有限责任公司 Novel agricultural compound fertilizer
CN102992873A (en) * 2012-10-19 2013-03-27 田淦平 Cotton foliar fertilizer
CN103553825A (en) * 2013-11-11 2014-02-05 双赢集团有限公司 fertilizer
CN103588573A (en) * 2013-11-11 2014-02-19 双赢集团有限公司 fertilizer
CN104108973A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-10-22 周口市农业科学院 Special formula fertilizer for chillies and application method of formula fertilizer

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US5350735A (en) 1992-11-05 1994-09-27 Donlar Corporation Composition and method for enhanced fertilizer uptake by plants
US5861356A (en) 1992-11-05 1999-01-19 Donlar Corporation Method and composition for enhanced plant productivity comprising fertilizer and cross-linked polyamino acid
CN100422120C (en) 2005-10-13 2008-10-01 黑龙江禾芙康农药制造有限公司 Formula of polypeptide liquid fertilizer and its preparation method
CN101028984A (en) 2007-02-13 2007-09-05 寿光市利丰化工有限公司 Polypeptide composite fertilizer and its production

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101418075B (en) 2008-11-27 2010-12-08 同济大学;东营力帮化学制品有限公司 Method for preparing poly-aspartic potassium used in plant growth accelerator and use
CN102267843A (en) * 2011-06-27 2011-12-07 石家庄开发区德赛化工有限公司 Preparation method of synergic water soluble fertilizer
CN102267843B (en) 2011-06-27 2013-09-04 石家庄开发区德赛化工有限公司 Preparation method of synergic water soluble fertilizer
CN102320892A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-01-18 浙江师范大学 Fruit tree zinc rich foliar fertilizer
CN102674985A (en) * 2012-06-15 2012-09-19 云南天和地农业营养科技有限责任公司 Novel agricultural compound fertilizer
CN102992873A (en) * 2012-10-19 2013-03-27 田淦平 Cotton foliar fertilizer
CN103553825A (en) * 2013-11-11 2014-02-05 双赢集团有限公司 fertilizer
CN103588573A (en) * 2013-11-11 2014-02-19 双赢集团有限公司 fertilizer
CN103588573B (en) * 2013-11-11 2015-04-08 双赢集团有限公司 fertilizer
CN103553825B (en) * 2013-11-11 2015-04-08 双赢集团有限公司 fertilizer
CN104108973A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-10-22 周口市农业科学院 Special formula fertilizer for chillies and application method of formula fertilizer

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