CN101215069B - Industrialization ecological treatment circulation utilization system for fish culture waste water - Google Patents

Industrialization ecological treatment circulation utilization system for fish culture waste water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101215069B
CN101215069B CN2008100087531A CN200810008753A CN101215069B CN 101215069 B CN101215069 B CN 101215069B CN 2008100087531 A CN2008100087531 A CN 2008100087531A CN 200810008753 A CN200810008753 A CN 200810008753A CN 101215069 B CN101215069 B CN 101215069B
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China
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pipe
pond
water
pool
fishpond
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CN2008100087531A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101215069A (en
Inventor
兰泽桥
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宜都天峡特种渔业有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

Disclosed is an ecological treatment and recycling system for factory fish-farming wastewater, which belongs to the field of fishery cultivation. The system comprises facilities and devices for treating recycle water like a fish pond, an ultra-low axial flow pump, a jet aeration oxygenation facility, a foam separating facility, a pure oxygen supplying device, a temperature control device, artificial wetland and the like, using an open type high-volume feed canal and a backwater canal to replace sealed pipes, using the foam separating facility to replace a protein separator, using the temperature control device of deep well to replace a heating-up and cool-down device, using the jet aeration oxygenation facility to replace an automatic aerator, a gas relay rock and an air pipe, using water plants of the artificial wetland and economic filtering materials to replace purifying filtration devices like a solid-liquid separation device and the like. The invention achieves functions like water lift, aeration, oxygenation, defoaming, temperature control and the like. The invention optimizes and combines a facility engineering technique and a biologic technology to replace expensive and complex water-treating equipment, and has the advantages of safety and dependability, simple management, energy-saving and environment protection, high yield and high grade and the like.

Description

A kind of industrial fish farming ecological waste water cycle of treatment is utilized system
Technical field
The invention belongs to the fishery cultivating field, be specifically related to the circulating water treatment method, and be applied to the industrial fish farming system.
Technical background
At present, the equipment type recirculating water purification treatment technology of industrial fish farming system, equipment is huge, energy consumption is high, complicated operation, investment and operating cost are big, are difficult to apply.I do not adopt expensive device and the facility of the factory of breeding fish have been done very big improvement and raising by " ecological energy-saving level dual-cycle water treatment system for industrialized fish culture " (number of patent application 200610018309.9) of invention, am still waiting further perfect but also exist relevant issues such as waste water treatment efficiency is not ideal.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of waste water treatment efficiency height, industrial fish farming ecological waste water cycle of treatment that energy consumption is low is utilized system.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: a kind of industrial fish farming ecological waste water cycle of treatment is utilized system, it is characterized in that: the fishpond is a dicyclo type structure, and interior ring is a crawl, and outer shroud is a supply flume, be provided with a plurality of playpipes in the supply flume, supply flume is connected with supply canal; Back pool communicates with fishpond, pollution discharge pond and backwater canal respectively, and the backwater canal communicates with artificial swamp clarifier-tank and filtering ponds; Sedimentation basin communicates with blow-off pipe, pollution discharge pond respectively; Sedimentation basin communicates with the artificial swamp clarifier-tank; The artificial swamp clarifier-tank communicates with placing deep-well U-shaped pipe, and the U-shaped pipe communicates with collecting basin by suction pump; Collecting basin communicates with supply canal by axial-flow pump.
The bottom, fishpond is provided with the sleeve pipe that is made of interior pipe and outer tube, and interior pipe is a return pipe, and outer tube is a blow-off pipe, sleeve pipe peripheral hardware iron railings guard, and return pipe is communicated with external backwater canal again with back pool; Blow-off pipe links to each other with pollution discharge pond, and intubate is communicated with sedimentation basin in the pollution discharge pond pond; The fishpond outer shroud is provided with back pool and pollution discharge pond, settle mozzle on the pool wall top that back pool links to each other with the fishpond, suspension, the foam of pond surface layer of water are come together in the back pool by mozzle, mozzle between back pool and pollution discharge pond flows into pollution discharge pond again, enters sedimentation basin by intubate in the pollution discharge pond.
Return pipe is higher than 40-60cm at the bottom of the pond.
Described axial-flow pump selects for use lift to be no more than 0.6 meter ultralow lift axial-flow pump.
The circulating water treatment facility that artificial swamp clarifier-tank 12 adopts artificial swamp to form, its water body water level is in static prosposition with the breed pond; At wetland top layer plantation water plants, filling carbonate ore or lime stone filter material ecological treatment breeding wastewater in the artificial swamp clarifier-tank.
Industrial fish farming ecological waste water cycle of treatment provided by the present invention is utilized system, with its unique foam separation facilities, the foam that floats on the water surface earlier through back pool, again through pollution discharge pond, is directly entered sedimentation basin; Adopt the U type pipe in the deep-well to carry out cold and hot exchange, realize cooling in summer, heat up winter, and regulation and control pond, workshop water water temperature remains on comfort zone.Utilize the ultralow lift axial-flow pump water lift can not only aeration oxygen replenishing, and the cycle water facility is connected with the fishpond by irrigation canals and ditches, pipeline, low water head, big flow flow into the fishpond, and it is recycling to go round and begin again, and reaches waste water, dirt zero-emission.Adopt the jet aeration oxygenation facility in the outer shroud supply flume of fishpond that the aqueous jet in the groove is gone into the fishpond, its backwater is through microbe carrier filter material in filter tank, the artificial swamp clarifier-tank and the degraded of economic water plants and absorb ammonia nitrogen, nitrous acid nitrogen, decompose heavy metal, remove poisonous and harmful substance, effectively purifying water reaches the fishery water standard.
Be described further below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Fig. 1 is this fishpond floor map of invention.
Fig. 2 is a fishpond of the present invention generalized section.
Fig. 3 is a cycle water fish-cultivating of the present invention workshop floor map.
Fig. 4 is a cycle water fish-cultivating of the present invention workshop generalized section.
Fig. 5 is cycle water flow process figure of the present invention.
Among the figure: 1, fishpond, 2, supply flume, 3, pollution discharge pond, 4, back pool, 5, blow-off pipe, 6, return pipe, 7, the iron railings guard, 8, mozzle, 9, playpipe, 10, the backwater canal, 11, collecting basin, 12, the artificial swamp clarifier-tank, 13, filtering ponds, 14, sedimentation basin, 15, supply canal.
Embodiment
A kind of industrial fish farming ecological waste water cycle of treatment provided by the present invention is utilized system, and mainly the circulating water treatment facility of being made up of fishpond 1, supply flume 2, jet aeration oxygenation facility, foam separator, ultralow lift axial-flow pump, temperature control facility and artificial swamp clarifier-tank 12, equipment are in the one waste water purifying treatment system.
1, the factory building workshop structure of breeding fish can be a brick mix structure, also double-layer steel plate structure; Can be Standard Factory Room, also can adopt plastic tunnel.Culturing pond and water treating pond can also can be group combination one to one, not only can be to connect but also can be parallel connection.Adapt to indoor (comprising booth), also adapt to outdoor.
2, fishpond 1 is the dicyclo type, and interior ring is a crawl, and outer shroud is a supply flume 2.The center is provided with sleeve pipe at the bottom of the pond, and interior pipe is a return pipe 6, and outer tube is a blow-off pipe 5; Return pipe 6 is higher than 40-60cm at the bottom of the pond, sleeve pipe peripheral hardware iron railings guard 7.Return pipe 6 links the external again backwater canal 10 of back pool 4; Blow-off pipe 5 links to each other with pollution discharge pond 3, enters sedimentation basin 14 by intubate in the pond.1 end of fishpond, be the bottom of a pan shape two different bore sleeve pipes of backwater and blowdown be set respectively, and interior pipe is that return pipe 6 is not higher than 60cm at the bottom of the pond, is outward blow-off pipe 5, and with flat at the bottom of the pond, two pipe diameters are different by the fishpond size.Pipe peripheral hardware iron railings guard 7.
3, jet aeration oxygenation facility is a plurality of playpipes 9 that are placed in the supply flume, and supply flume 2 and supply canal 15 are connected; Playpipe can be bought or make by oneself, and the water in the supply flume flows into the fishpond by playpipe.
4, the foam separation facilities is built back pool 4 and pollution discharge pond 3 in 1/5 shed repair of fishpond outer shroud.And, making the suspension of pond surface layer of water at some mozzles 8 of pool wall top arrangement that back pool 4 links to each other with fishpond 1, foam comes together in the pond by mozzle 8 and flows into pollution discharge pond through mozzle 8, enters sedimentation basin 14 by intubate in the pond.
5, axial-flow pump: be the water pump that lift is no more than the big flow of low water head of 60cm, be arranged in the collecting basin, will pump into supply canal and fishpond outer shroud supply flume earlier through the good water of purified treatment, enter each fishpond by the injection of the playpipe in the groove with this pump.Crawl water enters backwater canal, artificial swamp, filter tank, makes confession, backwater produces the height of water, and it is recycling to go round and begin again.
6, artificial swamp clarifier-tank: relevant filter materials such as place mat carbonate ore, lime stone are as biofilm carrier in the pond, and training is grown microbial population or thrown in probiotics, purifying aquaculture waste water; The water plants of planting on the upper strata, filter tank absorbs nitrogen, phosphorus in the water by root system of plant, decomposes heavy metal, removes hazardous contaminant, comprehensive purifying aquaculture waste water.
The above-mentioned ore filter material of artificial swamp place mat with 1 meter with interior thickness be advisable (the suitableeest 70-80cm).Beneficial microbe in the water (as photosynthetic bacteria, bacillus etc.) is attached to forming a skim on the filter material, the ammonium nitrogen of degrading, nitrous acid nitrogen etc. play and handle cultivation wastewater purification fishpond circulating water quality effect, so filter material claimed " biofilm carrier ".
7, cold and hot exchange temperature control facility: purify waste water and carry into collecting basin by suction pump again by U type pipe (transmitting good material with the heat makes) cooling (summer) that is placed on deep-well or heat up (winter).Utilize constant temperature well water to control the water temperature in fishpond.
8, collecting basin: the water through purified treatment enters collecting basin, is carried into supply canal and fishpond outer shroud supply flume by axial-flow pump, flows to crawl again.Utilization supplies, backwater water in a canal position drop goes round and begins again recycling.
9, collect dirty sedimentation basin: enter sedimentation basin by intubate by fishpond blow-off pipe, artificial swamp sewage sump.The superficial water that purifies through precipitation overflows into the backwater canal for recycling, and its sediment can be made for biogas energy.Reach sewage, dirt zero-emission and environmental protection and energy saving effect.
Water cycle process of the present invention is as follows: the water in the fishpond enters back pool by return pipe, purifies by backwater canal inflow filtering ponds, artificial swamp clarifier-tank again; Foam comes together in the pollution discharge pond by mozzle in the back pool, and the sewage in the fishpond enters in the pollution discharge pond by blow-off pipe, connects sedimentation basin with pipeline again; The water that compiles in the backwater canal also enters the artificial swamp clarifier-tank through the filter tank and purifies, introduce U type pipe in the deep-well through the water after purifying, utilize the thermostatic control of deep-well, the water temperature of cycle water, through purifying waste water after the adjustment by in the suction pump suction collecting basin, take out in the supply canal by axial-flow pump again, enter the fishpond through supply flume and playpipe, it is recycling to go round and begin again, and is remaining the water body cleaning in the fishpond like this.

Claims (5)

1. an industrial fish farming ecological waste water cycle of treatment is utilized system, it is characterized in that: fishpond (1) is dicyclo type structure, and interior ring is a crawl, and outer shroud is supply flume (2), supply flume is provided with a plurality of playpipes in (2), and supply flume (2) is connected with supply canal (15); Back pool (4) communicates with fishpond (1), pollution discharge pond (3) and backwater canal (10) respectively, and backwater canal (10) communicates with artificial swamp clarifier-tank (12) and filtering ponds (13); Sedimentation basin (14) communicates with blow-off pipe (5), pollution discharge pond (3) respectively; Sedimentation basin (14) communicates with artificial swamp clarifier-tank (12); Artificial swamp clarifier-tank (12) communicates with placing deep-well U-shaped pipe, and the U-shaped pipe communicates with collecting basin (11) by suction pump; Collecting basin (11) communicates with supply canal (15) by axial-flow pump.
2. industrial fish farming ecological waste water cycle of treatment according to claim 1 is utilized system, it is characterized in that: fishpond (1) bottom is provided with the sleeve pipe that is made of interior pipe and outer tube, interior pipe is return pipe (6), outer tube is blow-off pipe (5), sleeve pipe peripheral hardware iron railings guard (7), return pipe (6) is communicated with external backwater canal (10) with back pool (4) again; Blow-off pipe (5) links to each other with pollution discharge pond (3), and intubate is communicated with sedimentation basin (14) in pollution discharge pond (3) pond; Fishpond (1) outer shroud is provided with back pool (4) and pollution discharge pond (3), settle mozzle (8) on the pool wall top that back pool (4) links to each other with fishpond (1), suspension, the foam of pond surface layer of water are come together in the back pool (4) by mozzle (8), mozzle (8) between back pool (4) and pollution discharge pond (3) flows into pollution discharge pond (3) again, enters sedimentation basin (14) by intubate in the pollution discharge pond (3).
3. industrial fish farming ecological waste water cycle of treatment according to claim 2 is utilized system, it is characterized in that: return pipe (6) is higher than 40-60cm at the bottom of the pond.
4. industrial fish farming ecological waste water cycle of treatment according to claim 1 is utilized system, it is characterized in that: described axial-flow pump selects for use lift to be no more than 0.6 meter ultralow lift axial-flow pump.
5. industrial fish farming ecological waste water cycle of treatment according to claim 1 is utilized system, it is characterized in that: the circulating water treatment facility that artificial swamp clarifier-tank (12) adopts artificial swamp to form, and its water body water level is in static prosposition with the breed pond; At the plantation of wetland top layer water plants, the interior filling carbonate ore of artificial swamp clarifier-tank (12) or lime stone filter material ecological treatment breeding wastewater.
CN2008100087531A 2008-01-18 2008-01-18 Industrialization ecological treatment circulation utilization system for fish culture waste water CN101215069B (en)

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Families Citing this family (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN101445309B (en) * 2008-12-23 2012-07-18 宜都天峡特种渔业有限公司 Ecological fish breeding installation with purified recirculated water
CN101874477B (en) * 2009-12-02 2012-05-30 史建全 Greenhouse piscicultural device with water biological purification function in high-cold area
CN103416344B (en) * 2012-05-23 2016-02-10 津伦(天津)精密机械股份有限公司 The purification of industrialized fish pond discharge cycle and drainage
CN102696534B (en) * 2012-06-29 2014-09-17 通威股份有限公司 Foul drainage system at bottom of pond for culture
CN102835319B (en) * 2012-09-12 2014-04-09 杭州翔海生态渔业科技有限公司 Planting and raising system of ecological circulating water as well asplanting and raising method usingsame
CN102992488B (en) * 2012-12-31 2014-05-07 浙江海洋学院普陀科学技术学院 Simple and easy water treatment recovery method of large wetland
CN103172198B (en) * 2013-03-13 2014-11-26 贵州师范大学 Continuous mine acid wastewater treatment system and treatment method
CN103238554B (en) * 2013-05-20 2014-06-25 天津市兴盛海淡水养殖有限责任公司 Ecotype enclosed method for culturing fish through circulation water
CN103563818B (en) * 2013-10-23 2016-03-02 浙江海洋学院 Phycomycete water system prawn circulating water culture system
CN104082211B (en) * 2014-07-07 2016-01-13 秦皇岛粮丰海洋生态科技开发股份有限公司 Prosposition three channel cycle water fish-cultivating method
CN105557616A (en) * 2014-10-20 2016-05-11 津伦(天津)精密机械股份有限公司 Multifunctional circulating, purifying and blowdown system for factory fishpond drainage
CN104585081B (en) * 2014-12-12 2017-01-25 杭州千岛湖鲟龙科技股份有限公司 Underground water circulation water-saving type sturgeon ecological breeding method
CN104686444B (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-12-30 福建省东方利洋苗种繁育有限公司 A kind of blowdown apparatus for industrial aquaculture pond and method for discharging pollution thereof
CN105532552B (en) * 2015-11-02 2017-04-19 滨州市海洋与渔业研究所 Seawater circulation culture system with sewage disposal facility
CN105532553B (en) * 2015-11-02 2018-03-27 山东省友发水产有限公司 A kind of high-elevation breeding pond system of separation draining
CN107251867A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-10-17 贵州黔聚隆农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of water of breeding fish processing method
CN107702561B (en) * 2017-09-12 2019-05-03 上海邦高化学有限公司 A kind of ecological circulation water-cooling system
CN108204037B (en) * 2017-12-14 2020-05-08 广东山水视界数码科技有限公司 Landscape pool and automatic water body restoration system thereof

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