CN101213908A - Rock slope greening method and its special-purpose equipment - Google Patents

Rock slope greening method and its special-purpose equipment Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101213908A
CN101213908A CNA2007103072482A CN200710307248A CN101213908A CN 101213908 A CN101213908 A CN 101213908A CN A2007103072482 A CNA2007103072482 A CN A2007103072482A CN 200710307248 A CN200710307248 A CN 200710307248A CN 101213908 A CN101213908 A CN 101213908A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
grid
slope
unit
rock
rock slope
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CNA2007103072482A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101213908B (en
Inventor
杨仲元
金仲秋
郭发忠
李林永
王建林
陈凯
张征文
薛倩
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang Institute of Communications
Original Assignee
Zhejiang Institute of Communications
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang Institute of Communications filed Critical Zhejiang Institute of Communications
Priority to CN 200710307248 priority Critical patent/CN101213908B/en
Publication of CN101213908A publication Critical patent/CN101213908A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101213908B publication Critical patent/CN101213908B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

A rock slope revegetation method comprises the following steps, wherein, (1) the sloping surface treatment is performed for the rock slope by removing the grass root and the miscellaneous tree; (2) a plurality of grids are arranged on the rock slop as the example of the position and is undertaken the sloping shaping; (3) hollow cavities are dug on the rock slope and water-preserved bags are arranged inside the hollow cavities; (4) the bottom-layer slope net is arranged on the surface of the rock slope that is provided with the water-preserved bags; (5) a plurality of revegetation grids are fixed on the rock slope that is provided with the bottom-layer slope net with pins, and two rows of the revegetation grids are arranged into two continuous folding walls; (6) root basic levels is arranged between the two rows of folding continuous walls and is appropriately pressed, and the height of the root basic level after being pressed is equal to that of the grid; (7) the top slop net is arranged between the tops of rows of grids; (8) vert seeds ore trees are planted on the root basic level. The present invention can improve the stability and the water preservation quantity of the planting layer of the rock slop.

Description

A kind of rock slope greening method and special equipment thereof
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of rock slope greening method and special equipment thereof.
(2) background technology
Since rocky slope, particularly precipitous rocky slope, soil layer is barren, and moisture is difficult for preserving, and plant is difficult to root.For plant can be survived and grow at the rocky slope surface layer, provide planting of necessary thickness to give birth to layer, guarantee that the carded sliver spare of planting of side slope protection layer seems very important.
What adopt on rocky slope at present is concrete for plant growth technology, method is elder generation's linked network on rocky slope, adopt the concrete for plant growth that contains grass seeds of special formulation again, be ejected on the rock slope with spray windlass tool equipment and technology, after concrete for plant growth condenses on the rock slope, grass seeds therefrom grows, and covers domatic.But side slope breakoff phenomenons such as concrete for plant growth difficulty or ease on rocky slope are stable, and long term exposure is behind atmosphere, and being subjected to rainfall erosion, action of thermal difference etc. easily influences all the year round, cause ftractureing, cave in, landslide; In addition, rocky slope is barren or the hillside gradient is bigger because of soil layer, depend on to plant living soil thickness and generally be difficult to be guaranteed, and soil layer also be difficult to support oneself be deposited in domatic on.Therefore, though concrete for plant growth provides planting of grass seeds growth to give birth to layer, plant the stability of giving birth to layer and also need further improve and improve.
In addition, on rocky slope, continue growth, a growing environment that makes the plant roots and stems procreation should be provided, that is to say that the water amount that will improve soil guarantees the needed moisture of plant growing in order to make plant.To sum up, on rocky slope with rational greening technique make one more stable and the soil layer of water amount abundance is taken root luxuriant necessary on this soil layer for plant.
(3) summary of the invention
Give birth to a layer poor stability, landslide, deficiency that soil layer water amount is low easily in order to solve planting on the existing rocky slope, the present invention proposes a kind of can the raising and plant the rock slope greening method and the special equipment thereof of giving birth to layer stability and water amount.
A kind of rock slope greening method may further comprise the steps:
(1) rocky slope is carried out slope surface treatment, remove grass roots, weedtree;
(2) with rock slope greening grid body in the enterprising line position setting-out of rocky slope, and do domatic shaping;
(3) the water conservation bag is buried in excavation cavity on rocky slope underground in the cavity;
(4) lay the domatic net of bottom on the rocky slope top layer that is embedded with the water conservation bag;
(5) with pin described rock slope greening grid body is fixed on the rocky slope that is equipped with the domatic net of bottom, with rock slope greening grid body biserial broken line type be arranged to the twice diaphragm wall;
(6) fill between two row broken line type diaphragm walls and take root basic unit and suitably carry out compacting, take root basic unit and described rock slope greening grid body after the compacting are contour;
(7) between the top of two row rock slope greening grid bodies, lay the domatic net of top layer;
(8) be equipped with injection vegetation seed or tree planting in the basic unit of taking root of the domatic net of top layer.
Preferably, the described basic unit of taking root is the mixture that soil, soil moved in to improve the original, fertilizer mix and stir.
Further, a kind of rock slope greening grid body that is exclusively used in rock slope greening method, comprise the grid body unit, described grid body unit comprises framework, be connected with graticule mesh in the framework, an end of framework has the plug-in unit of protrusion, and the other end of framework is provided with the slot for the plug-in unit insertion of adjacent gate body unit, hinged by pin between the slot of adjacent gate body unit and the plug-in unit, insert in the rocky slope bottom of pin.
Further, four limits of described framework are provided with perforation, and coir rope or glass fiber rope pass described perforation and be woven into graticule mesh in framework.
Further, described pin is a bar reinforcement.
Preferably, the height of described grid body unit is 20~30cm.
Technical conceive of the present invention is: rock slope greening grid body biserial broken line type is arranged on the rocky slope, on the side slope face, form the twice diaphragm wall, lay the domatic net of bottom between the bottom of two row grid bodies, lay the domatic net of top layer between the top of two row grid bodies, the basic unit of taking root is filled in the domatic net of bottom, in the space that domatic net of top layer and two row grid bodies surround, utilize the obstruction effect of grid body to strengthen the stability of planting living layer, utilize the water conservation bag buried underground in the rocky slope to improve to plant give birth to layer moisture-holding capacity, plant to give birth at this again and plant trees on the layer or greening such as turfing is handled.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: improve the stability and the water amount of giving birth to layer of planting on the rocky slope.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of grid body unit of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of grid body unit of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the user mode figure of rock slope greening grid body.
Fig. 4 is the layout drawing of rock slope greening grid body and water conservation bag.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of water conservation bag of the present invention.
(5) embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing patent of the present invention is described further.
Referring to Fig. 1-5: a kind of rock slope greening method may further comprise the steps:
(1) rocky slope 1 is carried out slope surface treatment, remove grass roots, weedtree;
(2) with rock slope greening grid body in rocky slope 1 enterprising line position setting-out, and do domatic shaping;
(3) water conservation bag 3 is buried in excavation cavity on rocky slope 1 underground in the cavity;
(4) lay the domatic net 4 of bottom on rocky slope 1 top layer that is embedded with water conservation bag 3;
(5) with pin 5 described rock slope greening grid body is fixed on the rocky slope that is equipped with the domatic net 4 of bottom, with rock slope greening grid body biserial broken line type be arranged to the twice diaphragm wall; Vertical downdip direction of preferred rock slope greening grid body perpendicular to rocky slope.
(6) fill the basic unit 6 of taking root between two row broken line type diaphragm walls and also suitably carry out compacting, the basic unit 6 of taking root after the compacting is contour with described rock slope greening grid body 2;
(7) between the top of two row rock slope greening grid bodies, lay the domatic net 7 of top layer;
(8) in the basic unit of taking root that is equipped with the domatic net 7 of top layer, inject vegetation seed or tree planting.
A kind of rock slope greening grid body that is exclusively used in rock slope greening method, comprise grid body unit 15, the height of described grid body unit 15 is 20~30cm, described grid body unit 15 comprises framework 8, four limits of framework 8 are provided with perforation 9, coir rope or glass fiber rope pass described perforation 9 and be woven into graticule mesh 10 in frameworks, one end of framework 8 has the plug-in unit 11 of protrusion, the other end of framework 8 is provided with the slot 2 for plug-in unit 11 insertions of adjacent gate body unit, hinged between the slot 2 of adjacent gate body unit and the plug-in unit 11 by pin 5, described pin 5 is a bar reinforcement, and insert in the rocky slope 1 bottom of bar reinforcement.
Described plug-in unit 11 is for being connected single leaf stiff end of framework 8 one ends, described slot 2 is for being connected the pair of pages stiff end of framework 8 other ends, single leaf stiff end and pair of pages stiff end are provided with the jack of cooperation, and bar reinforcement inserts in the described jack adjacent grid body unit is connected.
Bar reinforcement inserts the length of rocky slope, can determine according to the rate of decay of rocky slope, considers the 1m degree of depth when rock medium weathering is following, suitably lengthening consideration as required during the complete weathering of rock.
As shown in Figure 5: described water conservation bag 3 is the cylinder of cross-sectional diameter 60~100mm, and water conservation bag 3 constitutes a seal by bilayer film, and described bilayer film is made of the high outer membrane of permeability rate and the internal layer membrane of little permeability rate.Can store Zang Shuiliang in the water conservation bag when raining, because the seepage velocity of bag body integral body is quite slow, and outwards seepage velocity is more weak than endosmosis water speed, and therefore, the water conservation bag can play long water retention.At period of drought, storage a surname's rainwater in the water conservation bag can be from outwards infiltration slowly of inner membrance, can promote the surviving and grow of plant on the side slope like this.
Particularly, described water conservation bag 3 is made up of four parts such as pkt. flap 12, the bag end 13, bag body 14 and stators 16, stator 16 is bonded in pkt. flap 12 on bag body 14, between the bag end 13 and the bag body 14, all to adopt adhesive to carry out between pkt. flap 12 and bag body 14 bonding, has the sealing of necessity.
Described water conservation bag 3 is pressed blossom type and is arranged on the side slope face, as shown in Figure 4.Blossom type is arranged the effect of the storage moisture that can improve the water conservation bag, simultaneously adjacent water conservation bag is traditionally arranged to be 1~1.5m at interval, so that institute's water requirement of rocky slope plant growing to be provided.For the steeper side slope of the gradient, being provided with at interval of water conservation bag can correspondingly foreshorten to 0.5~1.0m.
During rainfall, store in the water conservation bag 3 bottom the fraction rainwater flows into through the basic unit of taking root; Rainwater flows along the side slope face toward lower in the basic unit of taking root mostly, and the network that is provided with in the framework can avoid rainwater to gather in a large number in the grid body.
During use, rock slope greening grid body biserial broken line type is arranged on the rocky slope 1, on side slope face 1, form the twice diaphragm wall, lay the domatic net 4 of bottom between the bottom of two row grid bodies, lay the domatic net 7 of top layer between the top of two row grid bodies, the basic unit of taking root is filled in the space that the domatic net of bottom, the domatic net of top layer and two row grid bodies surround, utilize the obstruction effect of grid body and the domatic net basic unit of will taking root to be stabilized on the rocky slope, form stable planting and give birth to layer, plant to give birth at this again and plant trees on the layer or greening such as turfing is handled.

Claims (6)

1. rock slope greening method is characterized in that: may further comprise the steps:
(1) rocky slope is carried out slope surface treatment, remove grass roots, weedtree;
(2) with rock slope greening grid body in the enterprising line position setting-out of rocky slope, and do domatic shaping;
(3) the water conservation bag is buried in excavation cavity on rocky slope underground in the cavity;
(4) lay the domatic net of bottom on the rocky slope top layer that is embedded with the water conservation bag;
(5) with pin described rock slope greening grid body is fixed on the rocky slope that is equipped with the domatic net of bottom, with rock slope greening grid body biserial broken line type be arranged to the twice diaphragm wall;
(6) fill between two row broken line type diaphragm walls and take root basic unit and suitably carry out compacting, take root basic unit and described rock slope greening grid body after the compacting are contour;
(7) between the top of two row rock slope greening grid bodies, lay the domatic net of top layer;
(8) be equipped with injection vegetation seed or tree planting in the basic unit of taking root of the domatic net of top layer.
2. rock slope greening method as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the described basic unit of taking root is the mixture that soil, soil moved in to improve the original, fertilizer mix and stir.
3. rock slope greening grid body that is exclusively used in rock slope greening method as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: comprise the grid body unit, described grid body unit comprises framework, be connected with graticule mesh in the framework, one end of framework has the plug-in unit of protrusion, the other end of framework is provided with the slot for the plug-in unit insertion of adjacent gate body unit, and hinged by pin between the slot of adjacent gate body unit and the plug-in unit, insert in the rocky slope bottom of pin.
4. rock slope greening grid body as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: four limits of described framework are provided with perforation, and coir rope or glass fiber rope pass described perforation and be woven into graticule mesh in framework.
5. rock slope greening grid body as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that: described pin is a bar reinforcement.
6. rock slope greening grid body as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that: the height of described grid body unit is 20~30cm.
CN 200710307248 2007-12-29 2007-12-29 Rock slope greening method and its special-purpose equipment Expired - Fee Related CN101213908B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200710307248 CN101213908B (en) 2007-12-29 2007-12-29 Rock slope greening method and its special-purpose equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200710307248 CN101213908B (en) 2007-12-29 2007-12-29 Rock slope greening method and its special-purpose equipment

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101213908A true CN101213908A (en) 2008-07-09
CN101213908B CN101213908B (en) 2010-07-21

Family

ID=39620455

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200710307248 Expired - Fee Related CN101213908B (en) 2007-12-29 2007-12-29 Rock slope greening method and its special-purpose equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101213908B (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101622931B (en) * 2008-07-10 2012-03-21 浙江交通职业技术学院 Greening sloping surface for rock side slope facing wall and construction method thereof
CN103696431A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-04-02 贵州科农生态环保科技有限责任公司 Rainwater collection and irrigation integrated karst region slope protection method and structure

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2535450Y (en) * 2001-11-02 2003-02-12 顺德市永基建筑基础有限公司 Hanging device on slope
CN2866605Y (en) * 2005-11-24 2007-02-07 张宇顺 Green side slope structure

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101622931B (en) * 2008-07-10 2012-03-21 浙江交通职业技术学院 Greening sloping surface for rock side slope facing wall and construction method thereof
CN103696431A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-04-02 贵州科农生态环保科技有限责任公司 Rainwater collection and irrigation integrated karst region slope protection method and structure

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101213908B (en) 2010-07-21

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN202247911U (en) Slope support structure used for ecological management of slope
CN102696300B (en) Method for water seepage, salt discharge and afforestation of low-humidity saline and alkaline beach and application of method
CN101112157B (en) Method for greening high precipitous rock slope
CN108174736A (en) A kind of rejuvenation method of Gu tea tree
CN107873374A (en) A kind of method of forestation on discarded colliery ground
CN104221525B (en) A kind of method of rare earth tailings quick recovering vegetation
CN107246004A (en) A kind of thick bamboo tube pilework and its solid slope method for side slope protection
CN201874001U (en) Highway soil quality side slope live timber pile soil reinforcement structure
KR20060105916A (en) Gabion construction method using a plants matrix
CN101213908B (en) Rock slope greening method and its special-purpose equipment
CN102626045B (en) Root-rapid-growth afforestation method by digging
CN101690457A (en) Stepped versant framed flower bed
CN204443323U (en) Steep high rock slope pocket-type is from seeping water tape planting
KR100918902B1 (en) Vegetable block having cultivation body
KR200451156Y1 (en) Vegetation double structure
CN104641919A (en) Production technological process of oracle bone script artistic modeling tree
CN1209006C (en) Poplar open-air twig cuttage seedling growing method
CN111236271A (en) Slope ecological restoration system and method
CN201585288U (en) Stepped side slope flower pond
KR20080002289U (en) The block for a breast wall with grass growing structure
CN206110089U (en) Sustainable tree stone ecological revetment module of scour prevention
CN205124492U (en) Cliff side slope pipe shape afforestation equipment
CN107853052A (en) A kind of rock side-slope is quickly administered and afforests and beautifies method
CN201178605Y (en) Combat drought water storage earthen bowl
CN206620620U (en) Massif transplants trees fixed mechanism

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100721

Termination date: 20121229

C17 Cessation of patent right