CN101200946B - Combined reinforced bar concrete hollow core floor slab - Google Patents

Combined reinforced bar concrete hollow core floor slab Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101200946B
CN101200946B CN2007103074647A CN200710307464A CN101200946B CN 101200946 B CN101200946 B CN 101200946B CN 2007103074647 A CN2007103074647 A CN 2007103074647A CN 200710307464 A CN200710307464 A CN 200710307464A CN 101200946 B CN101200946 B CN 101200946B
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China
Prior art keywords
formwork
rib
plate
prefabricated
cast
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CN101200946A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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Hunan Qiuzeyou Patent Strategy Planning Co Ltd
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Hunan Qiuzeyou Patent Strategy Planning Co Ltd
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Abstract

A combined reinforced concrete hollow floor slab comprises precast thin slabs (1), shutterings (2), hidden ribs (3) and an upper slab (4), wherein, the shutterings (2) are fixed on the precast thin slabs (1), the hidden ribs (3) are arranged between the adjacent precast thin slabs (1) or shutterings (2), the upper slab (4) covering the shutterings (2) are connected with the hidden ribs (3), the precast thin slabs (1) are provided with stiffening ribs (5), grooves (9) are arranged on the shutterings (2), and a cast-in-situ concrete forms cast-in-situ reinforcing ribs (10) in the grooves (9), the grooves (9) on the shutterings (2) are vertical grooves, at least two shutterings (2) are adjacently arranged with each other, then the cast-in-situ hidden ribs (3) become shearing piers (11) formed in the vertical grooves (9) on the shutterings (2) by the concrete cast-in-situ. Consequently, the present invention is applicable to various hollow floors, roofs, walls, foundation slabs and open spandrel bridges of the cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete, and particularly applicable to hollow beamless floors and multi-ribbed floors.

Description

A kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling
The application for the applying date be that January 6, application number in 2004 are 200410002323.0, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling ".
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling.
(2) background technology
The most of precast hollow slab that adopts of the building of brick mix structure and frame construction is as floor structure at present, this floor structure has advantages such as speed of application is fast, cost is low, but owing to firmly do not link between adjacent two precast hollow slabs, only use cement mortar blind, thereby not only globality is poor, be unfavorable for antidetonation, and phenomenons such as slit cracking, infiltration often occur, put to no little inconvenience and psychological pressure to resident family.In order to address the above problem, a lot of building have adopted the method for Cast-in-place concrete floor (hollow, solid).Though the Cast-in-place concrete floor has solved antidetonation and problems of crack, when construction, to use a large amount of templates, like this, not only increased expense, and the speed of application that slowed down, prolonged the duration.The patent No. is ZL00203695.9's " combination concrete hidden rib floor structure " utility model patent, it is made up of prefabricated plate, formwork, dark rib, upper plate, each prefabricated plate is horizontal positioned at interval, is fixed with formwork on prefabricated plate, is provided with dark rib between contiguous prefabricated thin plate or the formwork, upper plate covers on the formwork, and connect as one with dark rib, this kind floor structure no longer needs to use template in a large number, has accelerated speed of application, shorten the duration, thereby reduced cost.But the intensity of the prefabricated plate of this floor is low, rigidity is little, destruction easy to crack, influence the presentation quality of floor.Therefore, develop a kind of novel combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling, have good integrity, not cracking destruction, do not influence the characteristics such as presentation quality of floor ceiling.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise prefabricated plate, formwork, dark rib, upper plate, on prefabricated plate, be fixed with formwork, be provided with dark rib between contiguous prefabricated thin plate or the formwork, upper plate covers on the formwork, and connect as one with dark rib, it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate is provided with reinforcing rib, also be provided with groove on the formwork, Cast-in-place concrete has formed the Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib in groove, groove on the formwork is vertical groove, and at least two formworks are close to arrangement each other, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has each other then become the shearing pier that forms by in the vertical groove of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork.Like this, the Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib has been strengthened the Cast-in-place concrete upper plate in the floor or intensity and the rigidity of dark rib, make floor have better resistance to compression, tension, shock resistance and anti-shearing damage capability, improved the combination property of floor greatly, simultaneously, because prefabricated plate is provided with reinforcing rib, thereby the intensity height of prefabricated plate, rigidity is big, be not prone to cracking destruction, even influence the phenomenons such as presentation quality of floor ceiling, simultaneously, floor also has simple in structure, the intensity height, resistance to deformation, the anti-vibration performance is good, easy construction, cost is low, characteristics such as speed of application is fast, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, be applicable to the various hollow building covers of cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and hollow bridges are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and close rib building roof and use.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcing rib is solid reinforcing rib or hollow reinforcing rib.Like this, reinforcing rib is solid reinforcing rib or hollow reinforcing rib, has increased substantially the intensity and the shock resistance of prefabricated plate, simultaneously, has also made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcing rib is compound reinforcing rib.Like this, the intensity of compound reinforcing rib is big, and is easy to make, and cost is low, can reduce the cost of production and the material cost of prefabricated plate significantly, reduces the cost of floor.
Feature of the present invention is that also described many reinforcing ribs are parallel or crossing setting each other, and perhaps reinforcing rib docks with at least one side end opening of formwork.Like this, reinforcing rib is parallel or crossing setting, can evenly strengthen prefabricated plate, has improved the overall performance and the combination property of floor.
Feature of the present invention also is to contain reinforce at least one of described prefabricated plate or formwork.Reinforce is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc.Like this, contain above-mentioned reinforce in prefabricated plate or the formwork, improved their strength and stiffness greatly, corresponding intensity and the rigidity that has improved floor.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce exposes outside prefabricated plate or the formwork, and stretches into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete.Like this, the reinforce that exposes on prefabricated plate or the formwork and Cast-in-place concrete anchoring in conjunction with after, prefabricated plate or formwork combined with Cast-in-place concrete formed integral body, improved the adhesion stress between Cast-in-place concrete and prefabricated plate or the formwork greatly, more difficult each other generation crack, the globality of floor is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it, stretches out outside the formwork, and is close to setting each other, becomes the superimposed template of dark rib.Like this, prefabricated plate has played the effect of construction formwork fully, greatly reduces the proportion of goods damageds of template, saved material, template is installed and the dismounting operation because of saving simultaneously, has reduced labour cost significantly, further reduced the construction cost of floor, made floor more economic and practical.
Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce in the described prefabricated plate stretches out, and stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib.Like this, with prefabricated plate and firmly combination of Cast-in-place concrete, floor is caused in the bigger distortion being subjected to big impact, can not cause prefabricated plate to separate to come off or ftracture, improved the security reliability and the globality of floor greatly by reinforce.
Feature of the present invention is that also described formwork and the contacted position of prefabricated plate are inner corner trim, constitutes ring end groove with prefabricated plate, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has then formed the superimposed dark rib of inverted T-shaped.Like this, after Cast-in-place concrete poured in the ring end groove, the superimposed dark rib of the inverted T-shaped of formation had advantages such as intensity height, rigidity is big, fracture resistance is good, simultaneously, also formwork and prefabricated plate firmly is mounted in the Cast-in-place concrete, has improved the overall performance and the combination property of floor.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate is littler than the formwork of fixing on it, contracts in the formwork bottom surface, has formed inner corner trim, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has then formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped.Like this, Cast-in-place concrete has formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped after pouring in the described horizontal inner corner trim, have advantages such as intensity height, rigidity is big, fracture resistance is good, simultaneously, also formwork and prefabricated plate firmly are mounted in the Cast-in-place concrete, have improved the overall performance and the combination property of floor.
Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce in the described prefabricated plate stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped.Like this, reinforce in the prefabricated plate stretches in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped after the anchoring, strengthened the bonding force between prefabricated plate and the Cast-in-place concrete greatly, the situation that significantly reduced prefabricated plate and Cast-in-place concrete mating face cracking, comes off takes place, make that the structure of floor is more reasonable, the overall performance of floor is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also the groove on the described formwork is vertical groove, and at least two formworks are close to arrangement each other, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has each other then become the shearing pier that forms by in the vertical groove of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork.Like this, after being close to arrangement each other between the formwork, increased substantially the hollow rate of floor, reduced the consumption of Cast-in-place concrete, reduced material cost, simultaneously, cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has been become the shearing pier structure of drawknot Cast-in-place concrete upper plate and prefabricated plate, help improving the shear resistance of floor, make floor have higher cost performance.
Anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier that feature of the present invention also is have reinforce to stretch on the described prefabricated plate and forms in the vertical groove.Like this, after reinforce on the prefabricated plate stretches into the interior anchoring of the Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier that forms in the vertical groove, strengthened the bonding force between prefabricated plate and the Cast-in-place concrete greatly, the situation that significantly reduced prefabricated plate and Cast-in-place concrete mating face cracking, comes off takes place, and makes that the structure of floor is more reasonable.
Feature of the present invention is that also the rotation angle position of described formwork also is provided with inner corner trim, chamfering or arc angle, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed corresponding Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib at inner corner trim, chamfering or position, arc angle place.Like this, in the cavity of formwork inside, there is the Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing member that floor is strengthened reinforcing, strengthened the supporting capacity of stressed weak part in the floor greatly, make it to have stronger shock resistance destruction and resistance to compression damage capability.
Feature of the present invention also is pertusate die cavity also is set on the described formwork, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed the Cast-in-place concrete bracing piece in hole.Like this, in the cavity of formwork inside, there is the Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing member that floor is strengthened reinforcing, strengthened the supporting capacity of stressed weak part in the floor greatly, make it to have stronger shock resistance destruction and resistance to compression damage capability.
Feature of the present invention is that also described formwork also is provided with reinforcing rib, bracing boom, stiffening rib or adds in wringing at least one.Like this, after cassette ceiling is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, reinforcing rib, stiffening rib, the bracing boom that is provided with in the formwork or add and wring and can form the cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete optimized the force structure system of hollow cast slab inside.
Feature of the present invention is that also the side of described formwork is extended with the convex module, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib that the dark rib of truss-like or one side or two are worn truss member.Like this, on cast-in-place concrete hidden rib, formed rod member and made it become the dark rib of truss-like, made dark rib under the prerequisite of increasing section area not, increased substantially resistance to compression, shear strength, improved the supporting capacity of floor, made its combination property better.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate is provided with at least one in suspender member, junction box, light trough box, spool, fire-fighting spraying head or the water pipe.Like this, after formwork is applied in the superstructure, because suspender member or hang built-in fitting or the setting in advance of junction box or spool or light trough box or airduct; made things convenient for the installation of various relevant devices in the superstructure; simultaneously, can prevent to knock destruction effectively, the overall performance of protection superstructure afterwards.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate is provided with the air-conditioning air grille, has air conditioning wind pipe to be attached thereto in the floor.Like this, air conditioning wind pipe is placed floor inside, reduced air conditioning wind pipe and taken architectural space, increased effective usage space of building, under square one, reduced the height of building, make floor reasonable more economically.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with connector between described formwork and the prefabricated plate, and it is fixing to be connected to each other.Connector is at least a in iron wire, weldment, thin band, bolt, male and female groove, tenon cover, hinge, cutting ferrule, the latch etc.
Feature of the present invention is that also in described prefabricated plate and the formwork at least one is provided with the carrying part.Like this, can very easily prefabricated plate or formwork be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also described formwork is opening or closed hollow formwork or light solid formwork.Like this, in work progress,, can rationally select above-mentioned formwork for use, make things convenient for the needs of practical application according to the different functions of use and the designing requirement of floor.
It is two or more that feature of the present invention is that also the same prefabricated plate of described formwork is provided with, and is close to each other to arrange or the arrangement of alternate certain distance.Like this, the same prefabricated plate of formwork is provided with two or more, accelerated the laying speed of shuttering member greatly, improved efficiency of construction, reduced construction cost, simultaneously, also make the shuttering member of floor inside lay normative and reasonable more, strengthened in work progress controllability the floor pouring quality.
Feature of the present invention also is described prefabricated plate or formwork self or is arranged in a linear each other or is staggered.Like this, difference by prefabricated plate or formwork is arranged the laying mode, formed the inside Cast-in-place concrete load-carrying construction parts of various different structure forms, can fully satisfy the various different instructions for uses of floor, thereby made that the stressed force transferring structure mode of floor is more reasonable.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with the stationary positioned member at least one of described prefabricated plate or formwork.The stationary positioned member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, when cassette ceiling is constructed, can accurately locate, prevent that cassette ceiling phenomenon such as each member dislocation or come-up when building concrete from producing, and guaranteed the pouring quality of superstructure effectively members such as formwork in the cassette ceiling or reinforcing bars.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with between described at least two formworks a spacer draw piece.Between the spacer draw piece can be rod member, rope, plate, muscle, silk, thin band, piece, pier etc.Like this, the cassette ceiling construction is laid more convenient, and a spacer draw piece can be fixed or movable spacer draw piece.After formwork installs, if active interval support draw piece can reclaim secondary with the dismounting of flexible staybolt draw piece and use, reduce the cost of production of cassette ceiling, simultaneously, behind the dismantling bay spacer draw piece, reinforcing bar can be laid in the internal-rib die cavity very easily, and it is more convenient to construct, and efficiency of construction is higher.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel or reinforcing bar in described dark rib, the upper plate at least one.Like this, in dark rib in the floor or the upper plate presstressed reinforcing steel or reinforcing bar are set after, the supporting capacity of floor has obtained increasing substantially, particularly presstressed reinforcing steel is set after, make floor become prestressed cored slab, its combination property is more superior than common cast-in-place hollow slab.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with between the described formwork dark beam or bright beam.Like this, the Stress Transfer that dark beam that is provided with between the formwork or bright beam produce in the time of can be with the floor bearing load is to structural column, play the effect of concentrated power transmission, also played that structural column or wall are linked as whole effect simultaneously, increased substantially the combination property of floor.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel or reinforcing bar at least one of described dark beam or bright beam.Like this, in dark beam or bright beam, presstressed reinforcing steel or reinforcing bar are set after, intensity, rigidity, resistance to compression, the shear resistance of dark beam or bright beam all obtained significantly strengthening, and also improved the supporting capacity of floor simultaneously greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also described presstressed reinforcing steel is prestressed reinforcement or prestress wire.Like this, adopt prestressed reinforcement or prestress wire, have material and be easy to get as presstressed reinforcing steel, characteristics such as cost is low, easy to utilize.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcing bar is cold-rolled forming section, channel-section steel or i shaped steel.Like this, when reinforcing bar is above-mentioned shaped steel and after Cast-in-place concrete combines, have good intensity and rigidity, improved the supporting capacity of cassette ceiling greatly.
Feature of the present invention also be described cold-rolled forming section reinforcing bar be C type, L type, Type, U type, Type, Type.Like this, when the cold-rolled forming section bone is above-mentioned shape, have selection conveniently, can satisfy the different needs of design and construction.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 be prefabricated plate, 2 for formwork, 3 for dark rib, 4 for upper plate, 5 for reinforcing rib, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, are fixed with formwork 2 on prefabricated plate 1, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and its described prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and its described reinforcing rib 5 is hollow reinforcing rib.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and its described reinforcing rib 5 is compound reinforcing rib.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with many reinforcing ribs 5, its described many reinforcing ribs 5 are parallel each other and are orthogonally set, and reinforcing rib 5 docks with the end opening of formwork 2.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, contains reinforce 6 in its described formwork 2.Diagram reinforce 6 is the metal foil band.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, contain reinforce 6 in the formwork 2, its described reinforce 6 exposes outside the formwork 2, and stretches into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, be fixed with formwork 2 on prefabricated plate 1, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and its described prefabricated plate 1 is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it 2, stretches out outside the formwork 2, and be close to setting each other, become the superimposed template of dark rib 3.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, prefabricated plate 1 is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it 2, stretches out outside the formwork 2, and is close to setting each other, become the superimposed template of dark rib 3, also be provided with reinforce 6 in the prefabricated plate 1, its described reinforce 6 stretches out, and stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its described formwork 2 is an inner corner trim 7 with prefabricated plate 1 contacted position, constitutes ring end groove 8 with prefabricated plate 1, pours into the superimposed dark rib 3 that has formed inverted T-shaped behind the concrete.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, be fixed with formwork 2 on prefabricated plate 1, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and its described prefabricated plate 1 is littler than the formwork of fixing on it 2, contracts in formwork 2 bottom surfaces, form inner corner trim 7, formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 of inverted T-shaped after pouring into concrete.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with reinforce 6 in the prefabricated plate 1, the reinforce 6 in its described prefabricated plate 1 stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 of inverted T-shaped.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with groove 9 on its described formwork 2, Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 10 in groove 9.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with groove 9 on the formwork 2, its described groove 9 is vertical groove, and a plurality of formworks 2 are close to arrangement each other, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 has each other become the shearing pier 11 that forms by in the vertical groove 9 of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork 2.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with groove 9 on the formwork 2, groove 9 is vertical groove, a plurality of formworks 2 are close to arrangement each other, cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 has each other become the shearing pier 11 that forms by in the vertical groove 9 of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork 2, be provided with reinforce 6 in the prefabricated plate 1, stretched into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier 11 that forms in the vertical groove 9 after its described reinforce 6 exposes.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, the rotation angle position of its described formwork 2 also is respectively arranged with inner corner trim 7, chamfering 12 and arc angle 13 simultaneously, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed corresponding Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 10 at inner corner trim 7, chamfering 12 and position, arc angle 13 place.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with the die cavity that forms hole 14 on its described formwork 2, Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete bracing piece 15 in hole 14.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, its described formwork 2 also is provided with reinforcing rib 5, bracing boom 16, stiffening rib 17 simultaneously and adds wrings 18.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, the side of its described formwork 2 is extended with convex module 19, pours into the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib that has formed the band truss member behind the concrete.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also is provided with suspender member 20, junction box 21, light trough box 22, spool 23, fire-fighting spraying head 24 and water pipe 25 simultaneously on its described prefabricated plate 1.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its described prefabricated plate 1 is provided with air-conditioning air grille 26, simultaneously, is provided with air conditioning wind pipe 27 in the floor and is attached thereto.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, be provided with connector 28 between its described formwork 2 and the prefabricated plate 1, and it is fixing to be connected to each other.Diagram connector 28 connects for the iron wire twist.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its described formwork 2 is provided with carrying part 29, and diagram carrying part 29 is handle.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and its described formwork 2 is the light solid formwork.
Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its described formwork 2 same prefabricated plates 1 are provided with a plurality of, are close to each other to arrange to be provided with.
Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its described prefabricated plate 1 and the formwork 2 self and the setting that is arranged in a linear each other.
Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its described formwork 2 is provided with stationary positioned member 30, and illustrated position member 30 is a locating piece.
Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, be provided with a spacer draw piece 31 between its described adjacent formwork 2, spacer draw piece 31 is a rod member between diagram.
Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, is respectively arranged with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 and reinforcing bar 33 in its described dark rib 3.
Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also is provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 simultaneously between its described formwork 2.
Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between the formwork 2 simultaneously, be respectively arranged with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 and reinforcing bar 33 in its described dark beam 34 and the bright beam 35.
Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between the formwork 2 simultaneously, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 in dark beam 34 and the bright beam 35, its described presstressed reinforcing steel 32 is a prestressed reinforcement.
Figure 32 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 32, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between the formwork 2 simultaneously, be respectively arranged with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 and reinforcing bar 33 in dark beam 34 and the bright beam 35, its described reinforcing bar 33 is an i shaped steel.
Figure 33 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 33, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between the formwork 2 simultaneously, be respectively arranged with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 and cold-rolled forming section reinforcing bar 33 in dark beam 34 and the bright beam 35, its described cold-rolled forming section reinforcing bar 33 is a U-shaped shaped steel.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise prefabricated plate 1, formwork 2, dark rib 3, upper plate 4, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 or the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with groove 9 on the formwork 2, Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 10 in groove 9, groove 9 on the formwork 2 is vertical groove, and at least two formworks 2 are close to arrangement each other, and 3 of cast-in-place concrete hidden ribs have each other become the shearing pier 11 that forms by in the vertical groove 9 of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork 2.In each accompanying drawing, 1 be prefabricated plate, 2 for formwork, 3 for dark rib, 4 for upper plate, 5 for reinforcing rib, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, are fixed with formwork 2 on prefabricated plate 1, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and its described prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5.As shown in figure 13, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with groove 9 on the formwork 2, its described groove 9 is vertical groove, and a plurality of formworks 2 are close to arrangement each other, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 has each other become the shearing pier 11 that forms by in the vertical groove 9 of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork 2.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcing rib 5 is solid reinforcing rib or hollow reinforcing rib.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and its described reinforcing rib 5 is hollow reinforcing rib.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcing rib 5 is compound reinforcing rib.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and its described reinforcing rib 5 is compound reinforcing rib.
Feature of the present invention is that also described many reinforcing ribs 5 are parallel or crossing setting each other, and perhaps reinforcing rib 5 docks with at least one side end opening of formwork 2.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with many reinforcing ribs 5, its described many reinforcing ribs 5 are parallel each other and are orthogonally set, and reinforcing rib 5 docks with the end opening of formwork 2.
Feature of the present invention also is to contain reinforce 6 at least one of described prefabricated plate 1 or formwork 2.Reinforce 6 is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, contains reinforce 6 in its described formwork 2.Diagram reinforce 6 is the metal foil band.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce 6 exposes outside prefabricated plate 1 or the formwork 2, and stretches into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, contain reinforce 6 in the formwork 2, its described reinforce 6 exposes outside the formwork 2, and stretches into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate 1 is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it 2, stretches out outside the formwork 2, and is close to setting each other, becomes the superimposed template of dark rib 3.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, be fixed with formwork 2 on prefabricated plate 1, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and its described prefabricated plate 1 is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it 2, stretches out outside the formwork 2, and be close to setting each other, become the superimposed template of dark rib 3.
Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce 6 in the described prefabricated plate 1 stretches out, and stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, prefabricated plate 1 is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it 2, stretches out outside the formwork 2, and is close to setting each other, become the superimposed template of dark rib 3, also be provided with reinforce 6 in the prefabricated plate 1, its described reinforce 6 stretches out, and stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3.
Feature of the present invention is that also described formwork 2 is an inner corner trim 7 with prefabricated plate 1 contacted position, constitutes ring end groove 8 with prefabricated plate 1, and 3 of cast-in-place concrete hidden ribs have formed the superimposed dark rib of inverted T-shaped.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its described formwork 2 is an inner corner trim 7 with prefabricated plate 1 contacted position, constitutes ring end groove 8 with prefabricated plate 1, pours into the superimposed dark rib 3 that has formed inverted T-shaped behind the concrete.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate 1 is littler than the formwork of fixing on it 2, contracts in formwork 2 bottom surfaces, has formed inner corner trim 7, and 3 of cast-in-place concrete hidden ribs have formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, be fixed with formwork 2 on prefabricated plate 1, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and its described prefabricated plate 1 is littler than the formwork of fixing on it 2, contracts in formwork 2 bottom surfaces, form inner corner trim 7, formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 of inverted T-shaped after pouring into concrete.
Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce 6 in the described prefabricated plate 1 stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 of inverted T-shaped.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with reinforce 6 in the prefabricated plate 1, the reinforce 6 in its described prefabricated plate 1 stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 of inverted T-shaped.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with groove 9 on the described formwork 2, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 10 in groove 9.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with groove 9 on its described formwork 2, Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 10 in groove 9.
Feature of the present invention is that also the groove 9 on the described formwork 2 is vertical groove, and at least two formworks 2 are close to arrangement each other, and 3 of cast-in-place concrete hidden ribs have each other become the shearing pier 11 that forms by in the vertical groove 9 of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork 2.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with groove 9 on the formwork 2, its described groove 9 is vertical groove, and a plurality of formworks 2 are close to arrangement each other, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 has each other become the shearing pier 11 that forms by in the vertical groove 9 of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork 2.
Anchorings in the Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier 11 that feature of the present invention also is to have reinforce 6 to stretch into formation in the vertical groove 9 on the described prefabricated plate 1.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with groove 9 on the formwork 2, groove 9 is vertical groove, a plurality of formworks 2 are close to arrangement each other, cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 has each other become the shearing pier 11 that forms by in the vertical groove 9 of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork 2, be provided with reinforce 6 in the prefabricated plate 1, stretched into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier 11 that forms in the vertical groove 9 after its described reinforce 6 exposes.
Feature of the present invention is that also the rotation angle position of described formwork 2 also is provided with inner corner trim 7, chamfering 12 or arc angle 13, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed corresponding Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 10 at inner corner trim 7, chamfering 12 or position, arc angle 13 place.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, the rotation angle position of its described formwork 2 also is respectively arranged with inner corner trim 7, chamfering 12 and arc angle 13 simultaneously, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed corresponding Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 10 at inner corner trim 7, chamfering 12 and position, arc angle 13 place.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described formwork 2 die cavity of hole 14, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete bracing piece 15 in hole 14.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with the die cavity that forms hole 14 on its described formwork 2, Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete bracing piece 15 in hole 14.
Feature of the present invention is that also described formwork 2 also is provided with reinforcing rib 5, bracing boom 16, stiffening rib 17 or adds at least one of wringing in 18.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, its described formwork 2 also is provided with reinforcing rib 5, bracing boom 16, stiffening rib 17 simultaneously and adds wrings 18.
Feature of the present invention is that also the side of described formwork 2 is extended with convex module 19, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 has formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib that the dark rib of truss-like or one side or two are worn truss member.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, the side of its described formwork 2 is extended with convex module 19, pours into the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib that has formed the band truss member behind the concrete.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate 1 is provided with at least one in suspender member 20, junction box 21, light trough box 22, spool 23, fire-fighting spraying head 24 or the water pipe 25.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also is provided with suspender member 20, junction box 21, light trough box 22, spool 23, fire-fighting spraying head 24 and water pipe 25 simultaneously on its described prefabricated plate 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate 1 is provided with air-conditioning air grille 26, has air conditioning wind pipe 27 to be attached thereto in the floor.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its described prefabricated plate 1 is provided with air-conditioning air grille 26, simultaneously, is provided with air conditioning wind pipe 27 in the floor and is attached thereto.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with connector 28 between described formwork 2 and the prefabricated plate 1, and it is fixing to be connected to each other.Connector 28 is at least a in iron wire, weldment, thin band, bolt, male and female groove, tenon cover, hinge, cutting ferrule, the latch etc.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, be provided with connector 28 between its described formwork 2 and the prefabricated plate 1, and it is fixing to be connected to each other.Diagram connector 28 connects for the iron wire twist.
Feature of the present invention is that also in described prefabricated plate 1 and the formwork 2 at least one is provided with carrying part 29.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its described formwork 2 is provided with carrying part 29, and diagram carrying part 29 is handle.
Feature of the present invention is that also described formwork 2 is opening or closed hollow formwork or light solid formwork.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and its described formwork 2 is the light solid formwork.
It is two or more that feature of the present invention is that also described formwork 2 same prefabricated plates 1 are provided with, and is close to each other to arrange or the arrangement of alternate certain distance.Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its described formwork 2 same prefabricated plates 1 are provided with a plurality of, are close to each other to arrange to be provided with.
Feature of the present invention also is described prefabricated plate 1 or formwork 2 self or is arranged in a linear each other or is staggered.Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its described prefabricated plate 1 and the formwork 2 self and the setting that is arranged in a linear each other.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with stationary positioned member 30 at least one of described prefabricated plate 1 or formwork 2.Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its described formwork 2 is provided with stationary positioned member 30, and illustrated position member 30 is a locating piece.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with between described at least two formworks 2 a spacer draw piece 31.Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, be provided with a spacer draw piece 31 between its described adjacent formwork 2, spacer draw piece 31 is a rod member between diagram.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 or reinforcing bar 33 in described dark rib 3, the upper plate 4 at least one.Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, is respectively arranged with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 and reinforcing bar 33 in its described dark rib 3.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with between the described formwork 2 dark beam 34 or bright beam 35.Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also is provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 simultaneously between its described formwork 2.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 or reinforcing bar 33 at least one of described dark beam 34 or bright beam 35.Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between the formwork 2 simultaneously, be respectively arranged with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 and reinforcing bar 33 in its described dark beam 34 and the bright beam 35.
Feature of the present invention is that also described presstressed reinforcing steel 32 is prestressed reinforcement or prestress wire.Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between the formwork 2 simultaneously, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 in dark beam 34 and the bright beam 35, its described presstressed reinforcing steel 32 is a prestressed reinforcement.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcing bar 33 is cold-rolled forming section, channel-section steel or i shaped steel.Figure 32 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 32, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between the formwork 2 simultaneously, be respectively arranged with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 and reinforcing bar 33 in dark beam 34 and the bright beam 35, its described reinforcing bar 33 is an i shaped steel.
Feature of the present invention also be described cold-rolled forming section reinforcing bar 33 for C type, L type, Type, U type, Type, Type.Figure 33 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 33, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, also be provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between the formwork 2 simultaneously, be respectively arranged with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 and cold-rolled forming section reinforcing bar 33 in dark beam 34 and the bright beam 35, its described cold-rolled forming section reinforcing bar 33 is a U-shaped shaped steel.
During the invention process, when prefabricated plate 1 spacing is provided with, at first lay template, on template, be provided with the prefabricated plate 1 of presstressed reinforcing steel 5 then, fixedly formwork 2 then, is laid rib and gluten and inner relevant pipeline on prefabricated plate 1, after the inspection, build concrete, treat its setting and harden after, maintenance is to stipulating the length of time, remove bracing frame and template, promptly obtain described floor; When prefabricated plate 1 is provided with for closely connecting, then can omit the laying operation of soffit formwork, other operation is the same, concrete to be built, maintenance removes bracing frame and gets final product after stipulate the length of time.

Claims (30)

1. combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling, comprise prefabricated plate (1), formwork (2), dark rib (3), upper plate (4), on prefabricated plate (1), be fixed with formwork (2), be provided with dark rib (3) between contiguous prefabricated thin plate (1) or the formwork (2), upper plate (4) covers on the formwork (2), and connect as one with dark rib (3), it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1) is provided with reinforcing rib (5), also be provided with groove (9) on the formwork (2), Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib (10) in groove (9), groove (9) on the formwork (2) is vertical groove, at least two formworks (2) are close to arrangement each other, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib (3) has each other then become the shearing pier (11) that forms by in the vertical groove (9) of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork (2).
2. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described reinforcing rib (5) is solid reinforcing rib or hollow reinforcing rib.
3. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described reinforcing rib (5) is compound reinforcing rib.
4. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 1 is characterized in that many reinforcing ribs (5) are parallel or crossing setting each other, and perhaps reinforcing rib (5) docks with at least one side end opening of formwork (2).
5. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 1, it is characterized in that containing reinforce (6) at least one of described prefabricated plate (1) or formwork (2), reinforce (6) is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid.
6. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 5 is characterized in that described reinforce (6) exposes outside prefabricated plate (1) or the formwork (2), and stretches into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete.
7. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 5, it is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it (2) to it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1), stretches out outside the formwork (2), and is close to setting each other, becomes the superimposed template of dark rib (3).
8. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 7 is characterized in that the reinforce (6) in the described prefabricated plate (1) stretches out, and stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib (3).
9. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 7, it is characterized in that described formwork (2) and the contacted position of prefabricated plate (1) are inner corner trim (7), constitute ring end groove (8) with prefabricated plate (1), cast-in-place concrete hidden rib (3) has then formed the superimposed dark rib of inverted T-shaped.
10. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 5, it is littler than the formwork of fixing on it (2) to it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1), contract in formwork (2) bottom surface, formed inner corner trim (7), cast-in-place concrete hidden rib (3) has then formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped.
11. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 10 is characterized in that the reinforce (6) in the described prefabricated plate (1) stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped (3).
12. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 1 is characterized in that having on the described prefabricated plate (1) reinforce (6) to stretch into the interior anchoring of Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier (11) that forms in the vertical groove (9).
13. according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11, the rotation angle position that it is characterized in that described formwork (2) also is provided with inner corner trim (7), chamfering (12) or arc angle (13), and Cast-in-place concrete has formed corresponding Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib (10) at inner corner trim (7), chamfering (12) or arc angle (13) position, place.
14. according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11, it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described formwork (2) die cavity of hole (14), Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete bracing piece (15) in hole (14).
15., it is characterized in that described formwork (2) also is provided with reinforcing rib (5), bracing boom (16), stiffening rib (17) or adds at least one of wringing in (18) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
16. according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11, the side that it is characterized in that described formwork (2) is extended with convex module (19), and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib (3) has formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib that the dark rib of truss-like or one side or two are worn truss member.
17., it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1) is provided with at least one in suspender member (20), junction box (21), light trough box (22), spool (23), fire-fighting spraying head (24) or the water pipe (25) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
18. according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11, it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1) is provided with air-conditioning air grille (26), have air conditioning wind pipe (27) to be attached thereto in the floor.
19. according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11, it is characterized in that being provided with connector (28) between described formwork (2) and the prefabricated plate (1), and it is fixing to be connected to each other, and connector (28) is at least a in iron wire, weldment, thin band, bolt, male and female groove, tenon cover, hinge, cutting ferrule, the latch.
20., it is characterized in that in described prefabricated plate (1) and the formwork (2) at least one is provided with carrying part (29) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
21., it is characterized in that described formwork (2) is opening or closed hollow formwork or light solid formwork according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
22., it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1) or formwork (2) self or be arranged in a linear each other or be staggered according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
23., it is characterized in that being provided with stationary positioned member (30) at least one of described prefabricated plate (1) or formwork (2) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
24., it is characterized in that being provided with between at least two formworks (2) a spacer draw piece (31) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
25., it is characterized in that being provided with at least one in described dark rib (3), the upper plate (4) presstressed reinforcing steel (32) or reinforcing bar (33) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
26., it is characterized in that being provided with between the described formwork (2) dark beam (34) or bright beam (35) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
27. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 26 is characterized in that being provided with presstressed reinforcing steel (32) or reinforcing bar (33) at least one of described dark beam (34) or bright beam (35).
28. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 27 is characterized in that described presstressed reinforcing steel (32) is prestressed reinforcement or prestress wire.
29. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 27 is characterized in that described reinforcing bar (33) is cold-rolled forming section, channel-section steel or i shaped steel.
30. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 29, it is characterized in that cold-rolled forming section reinforcing bar (33) for C type, L type, Type, U type, Type, Type.
CN2007103074647A 2004-01-06 2004-01-06 Combined reinforced bar concrete hollow core floor slab Expired - Fee Related CN101200946B (en)

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CN101456777B (en) * 2008-12-30 2012-08-15 仲元(北京)绿色生物技术开发有限公司 Soil fertility amendment and preparation method thereof

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CN2522492Y (en) * 2002-01-28 2002-11-27 邱则有 Board-rib combined steel reinforced concrete hollow floor
CN1401869A (en) * 2002-10-05 2003-03-12 邱则有 Thin-wall form member for hollowing out concrete
CN1415816A (en) * 2002-12-15 2003-05-07 邱则有 Light weight hasting tyre mold for use filling concrete
CN1455066A (en) * 2002-04-30 2003-11-12 邱则有 Three-dimensional load-carrying form for reinforced concrete

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1356441A (en) * 2001-11-23 2002-07-03 邱则有 Reinforced concrete floor slab with space structure
CN2522492Y (en) * 2002-01-28 2002-11-27 邱则有 Board-rib combined steel reinforced concrete hollow floor
CN1455066A (en) * 2002-04-30 2003-11-12 邱则有 Three-dimensional load-carrying form for reinforced concrete
CN1401869A (en) * 2002-10-05 2003-03-12 邱则有 Thin-wall form member for hollowing out concrete
CN1415816A (en) * 2002-12-15 2003-05-07 邱则有 Light weight hasting tyre mold for use filling concrete

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