A kind of space block milling method and realize the space block milling machine of this method
What the present invention relates to is the processing technology used of a kind of sheet material enterprise and the equipment of realizing this technology, especially a kind of space block milling machine.
Insulation spacer is indispensable parts in the mesohigh transformer, this pad generally all adopts insulation paperboard or lamination insulation board made of paper, existing production method generally is to adopt punch press processing, being about to raw material is placed on the mould, under the effect of punch press, raw material is processed as target shape, adopt this method product processed, its edge is very coarse, thereby the effect that in use often can't play insulation causes production accident; Simultaneously because the size of mould is certain so in process, the marginal portion of raw material can't be effectively used, and has formed leftover bits, so just caused the waste of raw material to cause loss to enterprise, and product quality can't be guaranteed.The inefficiency of whole processing can't reach the quantity-produced purpose.This is the existing in prior technology weak point.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention, be exactly at the existing in prior technology deficiency, and a kind of space block milling machine technology scheme is provided, this scheme changes traditional employing punch press processing insulation spacer into and adopts the processing of milling building-block machine, the design of innovation a kind of new equipment of processing insulation spacer.
This programme is realized by following technical measures: comprise that feeding lathe bed, lathe bed middle part is raw material transport platform, workbench, guide rail and the frame that can move on guide rail, and clamping device, sawed-off device, groove milling chamfering composite set, wherein:
The characteristics of clamping device are, in the lathe bed both sides support and locating support are arranged, the workpiece clamping plate and the directive wheel that at least one cover is installed on the symmetric position of two side stands, can under cylinder action, move horizontally, the workpiece clamping plate of one side and directive wheel are fixed on the piston rod front end of corresponding clamping cylinder and guiding cylinder, and the workpiece clamping plate of opposite side and directive wheel are fixed on the piston rod front end that corresponding location clamps cylinder and positioning and guiding cylinder.The concrete characteristics of stepping up device also have, and have processing to clamp cylinder on the support of raw material processing end, and its front end is equipped with the workpiece clamping plate; On the locating support relative with it, movably mounting bracket is installed, chuck one side is equipped with scale.On the lathe bed of processing end, have a cover be installed in respectively on lathe bed two side stands vertical clamping cylinder and,, the top of cylinder connects by upperpush rod.Side at each positioning cylinder all is equipped with the perpendicular tooth in adjustable location.Adopted this structure, thoroughly changed the history that can only adopt punch press processing pad, can adopt and survey measured strip raw material in advance, make the method that adopts milling make pad and become possibility, owing to adopted the structure of workpiece clamping plate and directive wheel, guaranteed rectangular material stablizing in moving process, can not be scattered and displacement, made things convenient for the milling operation of the sawed-off of raw material and milling machine for raw material.Guaranteed the precision of processing,, greatly reduced working strength of workers, improved the efficient of producing, for enterprise has increased the output value owing to all adopted the pneumatic cylinder and the auxiliary device thereof of automation control.
Sawed-off apparatus features is, saw blade advance and retreat cutter mechanism comprises saw blade rotary support and the cylinder piston rod hinge bracket that is installed in the horizontal slide plate bottom, the upper end of saw blade rotary support is connected with saw blade rotary support rocker bar bearing by hinge, saw blade rotary support lower end is connected with saw blade electricity main shaft by base plate, and electric main shaft connects saw blade; Rotary cylinder is fixed on the saw blade rotary support, and an end of its piston rod and the piston rod hinge bracket on the support are connected through the hinge.The concrete characteristics of sawed-off device also have, and on locating support, the location is installed adjusts screw.Vertical at cylinder with plane, saw blade rotary support place.Adopted this structure, vertical drop process with original saw blade, change into a curvilinear motion, and owing to be under the effect of piston rod, to finish, equipment is simple many than existing equipment, made things convenient for the installation and the later maintenance of equipment,, can be installed in easily like this on the equipment of different sizes because floor space is also little a lot of than existing apparatus; Because the simplification of process makes the sawed-off time of raw material significantly reduce, thereby has shortened the required time of whole processing.Adopt the space block milling machine of this sawed-off device, its product edge that processes is smooth, the product that quality processes with punch press is greatly improved, and adopt this sawed-off device to reduce the waste of raw material, leftover bits can not appear, improve utilization ratio of raw materials greatly, reduced the benefit that cost has increased enterprise.
Groove milling chamfering composite set, workbench one side are provided with the groove milling chamfering combination tool block that can move on guide rail, the workbench opposite side is provided with the groove milling chamfering combination tool block that is fixed on the other frame of guide rail.The concrete characteristics of this programme also have, and workbench one side is provided with can be on guide rail and the synchronization-moving groove milling chamfering of workbench combination tool block, and the workbench opposite side is provided with the groove milling chamfering combination tool block that is fixed on the other frame of guide rail.The every cover groove milling of described groove milling chamfering composite set chamfering combination tool block comprises at least one groove milling knife rest and/or at least one chamfering tool rest.Be provided with material receiving on one side at guide rail far-end with the homonymy that is fixed on the groove milling chamfering combination tool block on the other frame of guide rail.Adopt this structure, the groove milling chamfering combination tool block and the workbench of workbench one side are synchronization-moving.Therefore, workbench moves forward chamfering and the groove that processes the pad rear end through second groove milling chamfering gang tool, and meanwhile first groove milling chamfering gang tool has processed the Leading end chamfer and the groove of next group cushion block again.Improve working (machining) efficiency, saved process time.
The beneficial effect of this programme can learn that this equipment has functional characteristics such as the range of work is big, process velocity is fast, processing waste material is few, safeguard protection is strong, is a kind of novel higher numerical control special equipment of automaticity according to the narration to such scheme.This shows that the present invention compared with prior art has substantive distinguishing features and progress, the beneficial effect of its enforcement also is conspicuous.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the specific embodiment of the present invention (one's) a structure chart;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1 in the specific embodiment of the present invention ();
Fig. 3 is that the A-A of Fig. 1 in the specific embodiment of the present invention () is to view;
Fig. 4 is that the B-B of Fig. 1 in the specific embodiment of the present invention () is to view;
Fig. 5 is that the C-C of Fig. 1 in the specific embodiment of the present invention () is to view;
Fig. 6 is the structure chart that steps up device of the specific embodiment of the present invention ();
Fig. 7 is the vertical view of Fig. 6 in the specific embodiment of the present invention ();
Fig. 8 is the structure chart of the sawed-off device of the specific embodiment of the present invention ();
Fig. 9 is the left view of Fig. 8 in the specific embodiment of the present invention ().
Among the figure, 1 is the feeding lathe bed, and 2 is sawed-off device, 3 is workbench, and 4 is guide rail, and 5 is frame, 6 are groove milling chamfering composite set, and 7 are groove milling chamfering composite set, and 8 are the guiding cylinder, 9 is support, and 10 for clamping cylinder, and 11 is the workpiece clamping plate, 12 is directive wheel, and 13 is the workpiece clamping plate, and 14 is directive wheel, 15 are the perpendicular tooth in location, and 16 is locating support, and 17 is the positioning and guiding cylinder, 18 for the location clamps cylinder, and 19 is removable mounting bracket, and 20 is vertical clamping cylinder, 21 is the raw material transport platform, and 22 is upperpush rod, and 23 is vertical clamping cylinder, 24 for processing clamps cylinder, and 25 is piston rod, and 26 is saw blade rotary support rocker bar bearing, 27 is horizontal slide plate, and 28 is line slideway, and 29 is the piston rod hinge bracket, 30 is base plate, and 31 is saw blade electricity main shaft, and 32 is saw blade, 33 is rotary cylinder, and 34 is the saw blade rotary support, and 35 for adjusting screw, 36 is locating support, 37 are the groove milling knife rest, and 38 is chamfering tool rest, and 39 is material receiving.
The specific embodiment
Further explain, illustrate the technical program with non-limiting embodiment below:
The space block milling machine that the embodiment of the invention one provides comprises that feeding lathe bed 1, lathe bed middle part is raw material transport platform 21, the workbench 3 that can move, guide rail 4 and frame 5 on guide rail, and clamping device, sawed-off device, groove milling chamfering composite set 6 and 7, wherein:
Step up in the device, support 9 and locating support 16 are arranged in the lathe bed both sides, the workpiece clamping plate and the directive wheel that at least one cover is installed on the symmetric position of two side stands, can under cylinder action, move horizontally, the workpiece clamping plate 11 of one side and directive wheel 12 are fixed on the piston rod front end of corresponding clamping cylinder 10 and guiding cylinder 8, and the workpiece clamping plate 13 of opposite side and directive wheel 14 are fixed on the piston rod front end that corresponding location clamps cylinder 10 and positioning and guiding cylinder 17.
The voltage supply ability of positioning cylinder is greater than the voltage supply ability of its relative position cylinder; Side at each positioning cylinder all is equipped with the perpendicular tooth 15 in adjustable location; Each cylinder all is installed on the support of lathe bed both sides by rocker bar bearing 26.
Carry out raw material and add man-hour, regulate the position of positioning cylinder 17 and 18; Opening positioning cylinder afterwards makes it directive wheel 14 and stretches out identical position synchronously with workpiece clamping plate 11, beginning is blowing on the raw material delivery platform, the direction of blowing is determined according to the cushion block model that will process, when raw material pile up finish after, adjustment is stretched out the piston rod that clamps cylinder 8 and 18, make its directive wheel 12 and workpiece clamping plate 13 and the location of its offside clamp the cylinder acting in conjunction, raw material is clamped.During feeding, workpiece clamping plate 11 and 13 reclaim, but the directive wheel 12 and 14 of both sides do not bounce back, afterwards under the effect of pay-off raw material to the processing end motion; After raw material was sent to the target location, the workpiece clamping plate of both sides cylinder stretched out one by one raw material are clamped, and raw material can begin processing.
In the saw end device, comprise locating support 16, the horizontal slide plate 27 that can on line slideway 28, slide and saw blade advance and retreat cutter mechanism; Saw blade advance and retreat cutter mechanism comprises saw blade rotary support 34 and the cylinder piston rod hinge bracket 29 that is installed in horizontal slide plate 27 bottoms, the upper end of saw blade rotary support 34 is connected with saw blade rotary support rocker bar bearing 26 by hinge, saw blade rotary support 37 lower ends are connected with saw blade electricity main shaft 31 by base plate 30, and electric main shaft connects saw blade 32; Rotary cylinder 33 is fixed on the saw blade rotary support 34, and an end of its piston rod 25 and the piston rod hinge bracket 29 on the support are connected through the hinge.
In groove milling, the facing attachment, one cover groove milling chamfering combination tool block is respectively arranged in the left and right sides side of workbench 3, every cover groove milling chamfering combination tool block comprises at least one groove milling knife rest 37 and/or at least one chamfering tool rest 38, and the groove milling knife rest 37 of groove milling chamfering combination tool block and the erection sequence of chamfering tool rest 38 can be any.Corresponding cutter is housed on each knife rest, and what present embodiment chamfering tool rest 38 was installed is the rounding cutter, and groove milling knife rest 37 is installed is out the rectangular channel cutter.Have on workbench 3 one side rails 4 with workbench 3 are synchronization-moving groove milling chamfering combination tool blocks 6, the groove milling chamfering combination tool block 7 of workbench 3 opposite sides is fixed on the other frame 5 of guide rail 4.In order to satisfy the different workpiece of processing, groove milling knife rest 37 and chamfering tool rest 38 are provided with the governor motion of adjustable cutter height.Be provided with material receiving 39 on one side at guide rail 4 far-ends, the finished product cushion block that machines is deposited in the homonymy that is fixed on the groove milling chamfering combination tool block 7 on the guide rail 4 other frames 5.
For the first time add man-hour, operate this milling machine by automatic control system, the operator is behind the automated manner working procedure, and whether digital control system differentiates raw material greater than Workpiece length automatically according to workpiece length, if raw material less than Workpiece length, program finishes automatically.When raw material during more than or equal to Workpiece length, automatic control system is sent instruction to sawed-off device, and sawed-off device is started working, and in the sawed-off device course of work, system can judge the position that raw material arrives automatically, and sawed-off process is finished in advancing of control saw blade.After workpiece is sawed-off fully, saw blade shuts down and lifts, system sends instruction to groove milling, facing attachment one and feeding lathe bed subsequently, the feeding lathe bed begins to move, feeding forward, groove milling motor and chamfering motor are started working respectively simultaneously, and first chamfering is opened the rectangular channel gang tool and is moved to the workpiece direction, carry out groove milling and chamfering, return original position after machining.System sends instruction to the feeding lathe bed once more then, is fed to certain position forward according to the data of setting, and carries out sawed-off once more.After sawed-off the finishing, system sends instruction to workbench and groove milling chamfering motor, workbench and groove milling facing attachment one move forward synchronously, one, two work of the chamfering of groove milling simultaneously motor, groove milling chamfering gang tool two carries out workpiece rear end fluting and chamfering process, and the chamfering of groove milling simultaneously gang tool one is finished the front end rounding of next group workpiece and the work of opening rectangular channel.Subsequently, system delivers to material receiving with the workpiece that processes, and each several part returns then, finishes once circulation.If raw material length is enough to satisfy the next workpiece of processing, equipment can repeat said process, processes once more, and to satisfy workpiece of processing, equipment quits work, and carries out hand charging, carries out the operation of next round until the raw material curtailment.
A kind of space block milling machine comprises operating means, material conveying platform, frame, guide rail and fixture, and wherein fixture adopts clamping plate to fix, and also comprises sawed-off device and washing trough, facing attachment.
The effect of described sawed-off device is that workpiece is sawed-off, makes it to reach the length of appointment, so that meet the requirements; Washing trough, facing attachment are the washing trough and/or the chamferings of sawed-off good workpiece being carried out two ends, finish the last processing of workpiece.
During use, earlier former workpiece is placed on the material conveying platform, fix with clamping plate, the open operation device, the workpiece that fixes is fed forward, and sawed-off then device work, workpiece is sawed-off makes it to meet the length of appointment, at last sawed-off good workpiece is delivered to the washing trough and/or the chamfering of carrying out two ends in washing trough, the facing attachment, finishes processing.