CN101181866A - Pneumatic tire with noise dampers - Google Patents

Pneumatic tire with noise dampers Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101181866A
CN101181866A CNA2007101986145A CN200710198614A CN101181866A CN 101181866 A CN101181866 A CN 101181866A CN A2007101986145 A CNA2007101986145 A CN A2007101986145A CN 200710198614 A CN200710198614 A CN 200710198614A CN 101181866 A CN101181866 A CN 101181866A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tire
noise damper
noise
air
inflation tyre
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CNA2007101986145A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100554010C (en
Inventor
汤川直树
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住友橡胶工业株式会社
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Priority to JP2004074918 priority Critical
Priority to JP2004074918A priority patent/JP3934621B2/en
Priority to JP2004074919 priority
Application filed by 住友橡胶工业株式会社 filed Critical 住友橡胶工业株式会社
Publication of CN101181866A publication Critical patent/CN101181866A/en
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Publication of CN100554010C publication Critical patent/CN100554010C/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60CVEHICLE TYRES; TYRE INFLATION; TYRE CHANGING OR REPAIRING; REPAIRING, OR CONNECTING VALVES TO, INFLATABLE ELASTIC BODIES IN GENERAL; DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS RELATED TO TYRES
    • B60C19/00Tyre parts or constructions not otherwise provided for
    • B60C19/002Noise damping elements provided in the tyre structure or attached thereto, e.g. in the tyre interior

Abstract

The invention discloses a pneumatic tire with a noise damper made of a sponginess multi-cellular material. The noise damper is divided into small dampers to improve the high-speed durability of the tire. A noise damper is arranged in the radial direction of every main groove of the tire part with multi extending main grooves. And the width of the noise damper is 1.0 to 4.0 times of the corresponding main groove.

Description

Air-inflation tyre with noise damper

Dividing an application of the application's Chinese patent application 200410104175.3 that is entitled as " air-inflation tyre " that to be on December 30th, 2004 submitted to by Sumitomo Rubber Industrie. Ltd with noise damper.

Invention field

The present invention relates to air-inflation tyre, relate in particular to the noise damper that is used in the tire cavity.

Background of invention

In recent years, along with the mechanicalness noise from automobile especially car significantly reduces, air-inflation tyre is reduced its noise in particular for the air-inflation tyre of car by strong request.There are many factors in this, but the resonance of the circumference of annular airflow is a principal element in the tire cavity.Usually, according to the size of tire, resonance peak occurs in the frequency limit of 50-400Hz.

Open among the Japanese patent application JP-2002-67608-A the spy and to propose,, will be arranged on by the noise damper that spongy material is made in the tire cavity with along circumference expansion tire for reducing this resonance noise.

If it is wet that this noise damper becomes in processes such as transportation, storage, then its drying will be with for a long time.Therefore, if tire is installed on the wheel rim with wet noise damper, just the water of the amount of can not ignore may be sealing in the tire cavity.As a result, in running at high speed, can cause rotating unbalance and vibrate because of the water that is absorbed.Especially under situation about turning to, scorch stability is weakened greatly.When very big and this material absorbed water easily when the volume of noise silencer, this phenomenon was very easy to take place.

On the other hand, when air-inflation tyre is used under the very high-revolving situation, as speed class is " W " or when higher, giving birth to of negative effect Tathagata self-damping material of noise silencer is hot, heat localization in the damping material, become and can't ignore with the hot-fluid of air is isolated in the tire cavity by the caused inside from tread structure of damping material, the possibility that breaks away from of cause thermal damage such as cord-rubber rises simultaneously.

Summary of the invention

Therefore, one object of the present invention is to provide a kind of air-inflation tyre that can effectively prevent cause thermal damage under very high-revolving situation.

For addressing this problem, according to an aspect of the present invention, air-inflation tyre comprises a plurality of little noise damper of being made by sponge-like porous material respectively, wherein the cumulative volume scope of noise damper is 0.4~20% of a tire cavity volume, noise damper is located in the tire chamber and is fixed on the inside face of tread portion, thereby circumferentially extends along tire at axial diverse location.

Another object of the present invention is to, provide a kind of and can prevent effectively that the suction owing to noise damper from causing the air-inflation tyre that vibrates.

For addressing this problem, according to another aspect of the present invention, air-inflation tyre comprises a noise damper of being made by sponge-like porous material, and is provided with waterproof external coating to prevent water infiltration sponge-like porous material.

Definition:

The volume V1 of tire cavity is defined by following approximate equation:

A×{(Di-Dr)/2+Dr}×pi

Wherein,

A is the cross-sectional area of tire cavity under the reference standard conditions,

Di is the maximum outside diameter of the tire cavity under the reference standard conditions as shown in Figure 1,

Dr be rim diameter and

Pi is the ratio of circumference and its diameter.

" A " above-mentioned and " Di " can easily obtain by CT scan.

Reference standard conditions is meant mounting of tyre on wheel rim and be charged to standard pressure, but does not load the situation of load.Standard pressure is to stipulate " maximum gas pressure " among the JATMA, and " inflation pressure " among the ETRTO is at T﹠amp; Given maximum pressure etc. in " under the different cold inflation pressuries loading of tire restriction " table of RA, but under the situation of passenger car tire, with 200kPa as standard pressure.

The volume of noise damper is meant the apparent volume of sponge-like porous material, is included in the cumulative volume in hole under the above-mentioned standard pressure.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a pneumatic tires according to the present invention, the assembling sectional view of wheel rim and noise damper.

Fig. 2 illustrates the embodiment of the tread contour that adopts in the embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is the section drawing of embodiment of the present invention, the single noise damper with waterproof external coating wherein is installed is covered many circumferential decorative patterns.

Fig. 4 is the section drawing of another embodiment of the invention, wherein is provided with a plurality of noise dampers in the different axial positions corresponding to many circumferential decorative patterns.

Fig. 5 (a) is the schematic section along the single noise damper of the line A-A among Fig. 1, and Fig. 5 (b) is the diagram of the discontinuous part position of the single noise damper of explanation.

Fig. 6 (a) is the schematic section that is similar to Fig. 5 (a), and Fig. 6 (b) is diagram, and the two all is used for illustrating the discontinuous part position of a plurality of noise dampers.

Fig. 7 (a) and 7 (b) all are cross section enlarged drawings of Acrylic Foam Tape.

Fig. 8 is the transparent view according to noise damper of the present invention.

Fig. 9 (a)-9 (c), 10 (a)-10 (c) are the transparents view of the method for the noise damper of a kind of manufacturing with waterproof external coating.

Figure 11 (a)-11 (d) is the transparent view of explanation another embodiment that the external part of coating film is folding.

Figure 12 is the section drawing that the another kind of method of making the noise damper with waterproof external coating is described.

Figure 13-the 19th is used for the partial section of the testing tire of following contrast test.

The specific embodiment

According to the present invention, as shown in Figure 1, the tire noise abatement system is by air-inflation tyre 2, and wheel rim 3 and at least one noise damper 9 constitute.

Air-inflation tyre 2 comprises: tread portion 2t; A pair of axially spaced bead part 2b wherein respectively has a bead core; The a pair of sidewall part 2s that between tread edge and bead part 2b, extends; The carcass 6 that between bead part 2b, extends; With the bracing ply 7 that is arranged in carcass 6 radial outsides and the tread portion 2t.

Wheel rim 3 comprises: a pair of bead seat 3s that is used for tire bead part 2b; The a pair of wheel rim 3f that extends to radial outside from bead seat 3s; And between bead seat 3s, be used for installing the rim gutter 3w of tire.In the present embodiment, it is last to form two formula wheels that wheel rim 3 is fixed to central part (spoke shape or the plate-like) 3b that is connected on the vehicle wheel shaft.

Need not to give unnecessary details, wheel rim 3 is one-piece wheels etc. also.

In the following embodiment, tire is a radial tyre of passenger car.

Carcass 6 comprises one deck cord carcass plies at least, for example the individual layer carcass plies 6A of the organic fiber cord of radial array.

Bracing ply 7 comprises the buffering carcass plies 7A and the 7B of two-layer intersection, and for example every layer by becoming 10-30 degree angle bevelled parallel steel wire cord to make with respect to tire equator C, and optional band layer (not shown).The band layer is arranged on the cushion layer radial outside, is made by many cords or at least one cord circle, and it is to become almost 0 degree angle or very little angle arrangement with respect to tire equator.

Tread portion 2t is provided with tread void G, forms tread contour such as block-type tread, strip decorative pattern, bar-block-type tread etc.

Fig. 2 illustrates this-embodiment of piece type tread contour, comprising: at least one main groove Ga, the Gb that circumferentially extends along tire and along the axial groove Gi that circumferentially separates pattern block.

In this particular example, main groove comprises main groove Ga in axial inboard and the axial main groove Gb in the outside, and the two lays respectively at the side of tire equator C and circumferentially extends continuously as the crow flies along tire.Like this, tread portion 2t just is divided into 5 annuluses vertically.The center that is positioned at tire equator C is formed vertical bar.Axially LHA is segmented along circumference by axial tire sipe (promptly very narrow groove or otch).Each differential gap is located near axial inboard main groove Ga place, and the straight narrow groove (g) with circumferential extension is to form narrow pattern rib.From narrow groove (g) to the outside main groove Gb, above-mentioned axial groove Gi extend and with this part along circumferentially being separated into pattern block.On axial location, main groove Ga and Gb are about tire equator C symmetry.In the present embodiment, tread contour is the unidirectional decorative pattern about how much symmetries of tire equator C.For example, except linear structure, circumference master groove can also have zigzag or wavy shaped configuration.

Under the situation of radial tyre of passenger car, every main groove Ga and Gb have the furrow width Wg that is not less than 6.0mm, are preferably more than 7.0mm, and more preferably greater than 8.0mm, and ditch depth D is not less than 4.0mm, is preferably greater than 5.0mm.For example, furrow width Wg is 10.0mm, and ditch depth D is 11.0mm.

Noise damper 9 is located in the tire cavity 4 and is connected the inside face of tread portion, thereby circumferentially extends in whole inner periphery upper edge almost.

Noise damper 9 is open cell type or obturator-type or the shoestring 10 of isolating the sponge-like porous material of pass.Randomly, shoestring 10 has fluid-tight thin flexible external coating 11 or superficial layer, infiltrates shoestring 10 to prevent water.When the material of shoestring is following open cell type material and volume when relatively large, preferred especially said structure.

Here, sponge-like porous material is meant foamed plastic or resin, and foamed rubber, also can be nonwoven fabrics.

Nonwoven fabrics can as syntheticfibres, animal fibers and vegetable fibre, make its loose each other combination with suitable method such as adhesion agent, winding and coating (promptly coating with thin flexible external coating 11) by the fiber manufacturing.

About foamed rubber, can use so-called cellular rubber, as poly-chloroprene rubber (CR) sponge, ethylene-propylene (EDPM) cellular rubber and government rubber (NBR) sponge.

Controllability and light weight characteristic according to damping effect, durability, expansion rate especially preferably adopt foamed plastic or resin, and for example so-called synthetic resin sponge is as ether polyurethane sponge, ester group polyurethane sponge and polyethylene (PE) sponge.

In the present embodiment, adopt the isocyanurate foam of open cell type.Above-mentioned open cell type material is open cell type foamed plastic, resin and rubber, also comprises nonwoven fabrics.

The specific gravity range of this sponge-like porous material is set at greater than 0.005, is preferably greater than 0.010, more preferably greater than 0.01, but less than 0.06, preferably less than 0.03, is more preferably less than 0.02.If proportion, is difficult to the air resonance in the control tire cavity greater than 0.06.If proportion, will be difficult to shoestring 10 less than 0.005 necessary intensity is provided, and be difficult to control the air resonance of tire cavity more.

The cumulative volume of tire cavity 4 interior all noise dampers 9 or the volume range of single noise damper 9 are set at greater than 0.4% of the volume of tire cavity 4, be preferably greater than 1%, more preferably greater than 2%, further more preferably greater than 4%, but less than 20%, preferably less than 15%, more preferably less than 10%.As a result, just might reduce about 2 decibels or more noise.Even cumulative volume surpasses 20%, can not reduce more noises, but bring shortcoming on the contrary, the trend that for example weight increases, cost rises, weight is unbalance etc.

Noise damper 9 has substantially invariable cross sectional shape along its length direction except its circumferential end.Its axial width is a constant on whole length.Except circumferential end, almost the tire radial wall thickness of entire portion also is a constant.

For cross sectional shape, preferably adopt rectangle, have the lower width shape bigger but also can preferably adopt, as trapezoidal and triangle than upper width.

The length of shoestring 10 is identical with the inner periphery of tire or short slightly.

If length is shown in Fig. 5 (a), by representing around the angle of tire S. A. α, then the scope of angle α is preferably at the 300-360 degree, more preferably the 350-359 degree.

In the car tire size is under the situation of 195/65R15, and for example belt length is 1850mm, and in the example of Fig. 3, use has the shoestring 10 of rectangular shape, its long limit 1850 * 70 * 30mm in the axial direction.

When using short noise damper 9, owing to form discontinuous part 13 endways between 9e, in order to prevent tire uniformity such as RRO, RFV and lateral deviation power deterioration, the position that is necessary to determine discontinuous part 13 is with the unbalance minimum that drops to of the tire weight that is produced.

When a plurality of discontinuous part 13 was arranged, arranging discontinuous part 13 around tire axle equal angles ground usually may be actv..For example under the situation that 4 discontinuous parts 13 are arranged, shown in Fig. 6 (a) and 6 (b), per 90 degree are established a discontinuous part 13.In the example of Fig. 6 (b), a pair of two the discontinuous parts 13 that are arranged so that at the adjacent shoestring in tire equator both sides are placed with the relative position of 180 degree.If but regarded this two couple as one when whole, discontinuous part 13 would be provided with per 90 degree.

Certainly, these particular design of effectively improving tire uniformity are that all discontinuous parts 13 of hypothesis have almost same loading weight.In other words, the volume of each discontinuous part 13, promptly the volume of the part that is lacked from the complete annular solid has identical value.In the embodiment shown, the same length of discontinuous part.

Under the situation of particularly single discontinuous part 13, can come with the loading weight of discontinuous part 13 trim may because as the joint of the tyre assembly Tc of buffering carcass plies, casingply etc. to overlap the positive weight that produces unbalance.More specifically, shown in Fig. 5 (b),, just might improve this unbalance by this overlap and discontinuous part 13 are in line.This method equally also can be used to have the situation of a plurality of discontinuous parts.

Still under the situation of short noise damper 9, for preventing the separation between used life, circumferential end phasing down like that shown in Fig. 5 (a), 9 (a) etc., thus progressively reduce its radial height apart from tire inner surface 4s1.But also an end oppositely can be come to a point to overlap end gradually with respect to the other end.

As mentioned above, before tire is installed, noise damper 9 is fixed on the inside face 4s1 of tread portion 2t with Acrylic Foam Tape 14, adhesion agent etc.

In processes such as transportation, storage,, need make its exsiccation for a long time if noise damper 9 becomes wet.Therefore, mounting of tyre might be sealing into the water yield that can't ignore in the tire cavity 4 to wheel rim 3 time.

Thereby, preferably shoestring 10 is coated fully, as Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 8 with thin and flexible waterproof external coating 11 in the anti-sealing flushed zone shape body 10.When the material of shoestring is open cell type material and volume when relatively large, preferred especially said structure.

External coating 11 is the barrier films 15 that fully shoestring 10 are coated on wherein.

For the material of film 15, can adopt known various flexibility and material impervious to water.For example preferably adopt resin or plastic sheeting, as polyethylene, polyvinylidene chloride, polypropylene, nylon etc.

In order to obtain damping effectively from the shoestring 10 of sponge-like porous material, the permeability that sound is provided is very important.Therefore, as long as necessary strength can be provided, the thickness of resin molding 15 can be done thinly as far as possible.For example, thickness range is set in 0.01-0.10mm.Resin molding used in the embodiment is made by homogenous material, and in other words, it has single layer structure, improves for example intensity, impermeability, adhesiveness etc. but also can adopt by the made bilayer of similar and different material or the stacked film of multiple-structure.

The preferred shoestring surface that film 15 is not adhered in the density sound wave that is exposed in the tire cavity.This is because film can move along with the density fluctuation.If film moves easily, can think that the permeability of sound is higher, film can be ignored when considering damping effect.Yet, if adhesion of film is on the shoestring surface, because of mobile being restricted that produces with the density fluctuation, so the reflection increase of sound wave and random scatters reduce.Thereby, the trend of the damping effect that reduces noise damper is arranged.Because the volume of air that is sealed in the external coating 11 reduces with inflation of tire, so this layer might be crushed on the shoestring surface.Therefore, be preferably with shoestring 10 slightly loosely be coated in this layer, perhaps if possible in external coating 11 slightly the inflation.

In the present embodiment, noise damper 9 is fixed on the inside face 4s1 of tread portion 2t with Acrylic Foam Tape 14.

For Acrylic Foam Tape 14, (1) shown in Fig. 7 (a), adhesive tape has tape base 18, the one side has the coating of one deck cohesive material 16, has the coating of one deck cohesive material 17 at opposite side, (2) shown in Fig. 7 (b), adhesive tape does not have tape base and only by the adhesive tape that one deck cohesive material 16 and one deck cohesive material 17 are made and (3) are only made by independent one deck cohesive material 16,17 also can use (not shown).

Tape base 18 is, for example: plastic film such as polyester; Foamed sheet such as acrylic foam; Nonwoven fabrics or adhesives; Textile etc.

As for cohesive material 16 and 17, for example can use, (1) contains natural rubber and/or neoprene, tackifier, soften flux, ageing resistant and other additive-treated oil rubbers based adhesives, (2) acrylic pressure sensitive adhesives of making by copolymer acrylate with different glass transition temperatures and different monomers, (3) the organic pressure-sensitive gel stick of making by silaatic, resin etc., (4) polyethers adhesion agent, (5) polyurethane adhesive etc.

For cohesive material 16 and 17, can use identical cohesive material, but preferred use dissimilar cohesive materials, for example good bond at rubber based adhesives on the rubber for tire and good bond the acrylic pressure sensitive adhesives on noise damper 9.

Except that this Acrylic Foam Tape of independent use, also can use adhesion agent simultaneously separately or with Acrylic Foam Tape.

For adhesion agent, preferred for example use the: neoprene latex adhesive and based on the elastomeric rubber based adhesives that is dissolved in organic solvent.Particularly consider, preferably be dissolved in the poly-chloroprene rubber of organic solvent from elasticity and bonding force aspect.In this case, the cyclohexane that organic solvent preferably is used alone or in combination (alicyclic solvents), acetone (ketone) and hexane (aliphatic solvent), and the content range of poly-chloroprene rubber is set at the 25-35 weight % of adhesion agent total weight.If less than 25 weight %, then bind strength deficiency.If greater than 35 weight %, then because coating and extension difficulty cause bind strength to be tending towards descending.

Noise damper 9 is fixed on certain axial position, circumferentially stretches continuously along tire.

In the embodiment shown in fig. 3, the single noise damper of being made by wide relatively shoestring 10 9 places the center of tire equator C and extends along tire equator C.In the present embodiment, be provided with above-mentioned external coating 11.

In the embodiment shown in fig. 4, a plurality of noise dampers 9 of making by narrow relatively shoestring 10 place axial diverse location, are parallel to tire equator C and extend.In the present embodiment, do not provide external coating 11, but certainly have at least one noise damper to have external coating 11.

By a big noise damper is divided into a plurality of little noise dampers, has promoted heat radiation and reduced heat localization.And if then noise damper 9 changes are wet, shorten then required drying time, and this can reduce the demand to external coating 11.

Can improve the high speed durability because be divided into a plurality of little noise dampers 9, this structure can be preferred for high-speed tire.

4 noise silencers 9 among Fig. 4: a pair of measure-alike axial inboard noise silencer 9A and a pair of measure-alike but wideer than inboard noise silencer 9A axial outside noise silencer 9B, the two all is arranged as about tire equator C line symmetry.

Under the situation of a plurality of noise silencers, muffler design is about tire equator C line symmetry, with respect to line of centers GL1 on the noise silencer Width and the axial location of GL2.And then in the radial section of tire, the shape of cross section of noise silencer becomes looking-glass symmetry about the tire equator face.These are normally preferred rather than necessary.For example, if noise silencer is of different sizes, asymmetric arranging just might be preferable over symmetry arrangement.

In the position of main groove Ga, Gb, because the gross thickness of tread portion 2t reduces, therefore living heat is less and big from the thermal radiation change of inside tires.Therefore, by noise silencer directly being applied in the inboard of wide main groove, the heat that noise silencer produces in running at high speed just can discharge by thin groove bottom, and can alleviate the deterioration of high speed durability.

On the other hand, less because of gross thickness so the rigidity of groove bottom is littler.Thereby under steam, this part is easy to vibrate the air in the tire cavity 4.By noise silencer directly being applied in the inboard of groove bottom, can reducing the generation of vibration and to the vibration radiation of tire cavity, thereby improve noise.

In view of the above, whether muffler pipe does not cover the width of whole groove, preferably noise silencer is located at the width central authorities of main groove.

Thereby, in Fig. 3, use single wide noise silencer 9, extend axially to cover a plurality of wide main groove Ga of circumference of crown and width of the narrow groove of circumference (g) of being located at.And do not establish noise silencer in the tire shoulder part that living heat is more.

Yet, in Fig. 4, use narrow noise silencer 9, each noise silencer extends axially to cover the width of circumference master groove Ga, a Gb.The line of centers of noise silencer 9 on Width aligns with the line of centers of main groove Ga, Gb substantially.In this case, the scope of the width Ws of noise silencer is preferably greater than 1.0 times of the width W g of main groove Ga, Gb, more preferably greater than 1.5 times but less than 4.0 times, more preferably less than 3.0 times.The scope of the height H of noise silencer is preferably set to the 30-160% of width Ws, more preferably 50-120%.

In any case, be very important for the lateral deviation power of not destroying tire with noise damper 9 weight distribution Design Pattern.Shape of cross section and line symmetric offset spread with above-mentioned looking-glass symmetry are the straightforward procedures that reaches this requirement.

For improving bind strength, preferably before using adhesion agent and/or adhesive tape, use priming paint at bonding plane.For example, use on the bonding plane 4s1 of tire 2 preferably that to contain with the neoprene be major component, be dissolved in as the priming paint in toluene, methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) and Dimethyl fomamide (DMF) solvent.To the bonding plane of shoestring 10, use preferably that to contain with the neoprene be major component, be dissolved in as the priming paint in toluene, methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) and the ethyl acetate solvent.

When the inside face of tire scribbled the mold release of very big reduction bind strength such as organic silicone oil, the chemical method that should be by with an organic solvent or the method for physical grinding wait removed mold release.Therefore, in the present embodiment, for avoiding this work that removes, for example being coated with, the capsule of the non-adhesion release coating of fluorocarbon resin coating is used at the mould vulcanized tyre.

On the other hand, traditionally, capsule be provided with air discharge duct in case in the gas replenishment process of capsule from the air between this discharge capsule and tire.Therefore, on the vulcanized tyre inside face, be formed with stria corresponding to air discharge duct.If this striped has reduced bind strength, just should before using adhesion agent or adhesive tape, be removed.Therefore, in the present embodiment,, in corresponding to the circumferential extension annular region of tire bonding plane, adopt capsule to replace traditional capsule with smooth surface for avoiding this work that removes striped.

Fig. 9 (a) illustrates the shoestring 10 of sponge-like porous material.Shoestring 10 is cut into above-mentioned predetermined length and two ends all with as miter angle attenuation gradually.Acrylic Foam Tape 12 is bonded at a side (becoming radial outside when packing tire into).The width of Acrylic Foam Tape 12 equals shoestring 10 bottom widths substantially.

Under the situation that does not have external coating 11, just shoestring is applied to tire inner surface as noise damper 9.

Have at noise silencer 9 under the situation of external coating 11, external coating 11 forms by the step among following Fig. 9 (b)-(c).In the present embodiment, Acrylic Foam Tape 12 also is used on the tapered end 10e of shoestring 10 continuously.Shown in Fig. 9 (b) and 9 (c), resin molding 15 is wrapped on the shoestring 10, its marginal portion is bonded on the adhesive tape 12, and wherein limit 15a and limit 15b align with the line of centers of adhesive tape 12.In this, the shape of resin molding 15 is just as the pipe of a both ends open.Thereby next step seals open end exactly.

Because resin molding 15 is longer than shoestring 10, so all stretch out from the end of shoestring 10 at the two ends of resin molding 15.Thereby seal two ends by folding each sponson 15P.

Figure 10 (a)-(c) illustrates the embodiment of folding sponson 15P.In this embodiment, cut edge 16,17 and otch 18,19 be located at four jiaos position corresponding to shoestring, the sheet 20,21,22 and 23 that separates is folded and fixes with adhesive tape and/or adhesion agent subsequently and seal.

Figure 11 (a)-11 (d) illustrates another embodiment, and wherein sponson 15P is by simple folding and do not make above-mentioned side cut and otch, and with adhesive tape and/or adhesion agent folded part 15P is fixed subsequently and seal.

In addition, as shown in Figure 8, the Acrylic Foam Tape 14 that will have a peeling paper 14p is used on the noise silencer 9 by resin molding 15 parcels, and adhesive tape 14 and adhesive tape 12 complete overlapping so that the limit 15a of resin molding 15 and 15b are clipped between Acrylic Foam Tape 12 and 14.

Figure 12 illustrates the another kind of method of making the noise damper 9 that has external coating 11.In this embodiment, shoestring 10 is clipped between two layers of resin 25A and the 25B, and puts into the marginal portion of mould 26 melting adhered overlapping layers.In this case, for guaranteeing above-mentioned sound permeability, preferably that the layer 25B of the surface of the shoestring 10 of tyre side and tyre side is melting adhered, other surface and layer 25A are not bonding simultaneously.

In explanation embodiment as above, the noise damper 9 that will have external coating 11 is fixed on the airtyred inside face.But such noise silencer also can be installed to the inside face of wheel rim towards tire cavity, for example in rim gutter 3w.Also can obtain significant noise in this case and subdue effect.

Contrast test

Preparation has testing tire and the test noise performance and the high speed durability of same structure except that acoustic wave filter structure.

Tire is the radial tyre of passenger car of size 235/45ZR1793W, has tread contour as shown in Figure 2.Figure 14 is seen in decorative pattern furrow width and arrangement.Used wheel rim is of a size of 17 * 7J.In the sulfuration of tire, use to have the capsule of smooth surface to obtain smooth bonding plane.The volume of tire cavity is 26154cc.

Noise damper is that 0.0016 ether polyurethane sponge (MARUSUZU K.K., product type E16) is made by proportion.The thickness of shoestring and length are respectively the definite value of 24mm and 1900mm, but width changes shown in Figure 14-19.The length of 1900mm is corresponding to the α angle of 350 degree.Terminal gradient attenuation gradually with 45 degree.Use Acrylic Foam Tape (Nitto Denko company, product type 5000NS) that noise silencer is fixed on the tire subsequently.

Noise testing

All four wheels all are equipped with the Japanese 3000cc FR car of testing tire (tire pressure 200kPa), be covered with the noise test travels down of coarse asphalt surface, and measure noise in the process of travelling with the speed of 60km/hr in car.The measuring position is near the ear of vehicle outer side or reveal chaufeur.What measure is near peak sound pressure--the main resonance mode that-this frequency is rung corresponding to the air of tire cavity of frequency that is created in 240Hz.The result compares with the reference example 1 that is decided to be 0dB and is shown in table 1 with dB.

The high speed durability test:

According to ECE-30 (Economic Commission of Europe load-carrying/speed ability test method), tire and rim assembly parts use test rotary drum carries out indoor test, wherein moving velocity improves gradually, measures speed and the running time under this speed that any fault takes place simultaneously.Test result sees Table 1.In Figure 13-19, mark the position of et out of order (cord gets loose) with " X ".

Table 1

Tire Reference 1 Reference 2 Example 1 Example 2 Example 3 Example 4 Example 5 Be provided with Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 Noise damper quantity noise silencer cumulative volume/tire cavity volume (%) ??0 ??10.7 ??1 ??2 ??3 ??3 ??2 ??4 Noise reduction amount (dB) high speed durability (km/hr)-(minute) ??0 ??300-13 ??-9.3 ??280-10 ??-9.1 ??290-6 ??-9.1 ??290-0 ??-9.3 ??290-2 ??-9.4 ??300-5 ??-9.3 ??300-12

Can confirm that from experimental result even big noise silencer is divided into little noise silencer, as long as cumulative volume is constant, the noise reduction effect is just constant substantially.If tread contour is about the tire equator symmetry, so for the high speed durability, with respect to the acoustic wave filter structure of the preferred symmetry of asymmetric acoustic wave filter structure.In addition, by in the inboard of being close to main groove little noise silencer being set, the high speed durability is significantly improved.

In addition, in order to check the negative effect of 11 pairs of noise reduction effects of external coating, at the noise silencer that has external coating with do not have to be the contrast experiment between the noise silencer of external coating.

Preparation has the testing tire of same structure except acoustic wave filter structure, and carries out vibration at high speed test and the test of above-mentioned noiseproof feature.

Used tire is the radial tyre of passenger car of size 195/65R15 91S.Wheel rim is of a size of 15 * 6JJ.The volume of tire cavity is 30500cc.Total muffler volume is 3822cc (tire cavity 12.5%).In as above identical mode, use capsule with smooth surface.Noise damper is made by as above identical materials.End is spent attenuation gradually with 45.The width of shoestring, thickness and length are respectively 70mm, 30mm and 1850mm.

In reference tire 1, do not establish noise damper.

In reference tire 2, as shown in figure 14, the single noise damper of no external coating is fixed on the center of tread portion with Acrylic Foam Tape.

In example 1 and 2, as shown in Figure 3, the single noise damper 9 usefulness Acrylic Foam Tapes with external coating 11 are fixed on the center of tread portion.

Shown in Fig. 9-11, form external coating by parcel one deck plastic film.In example 1, use the packaging for foodstuff polyethylene film of producing by Itochu Sunpls.In example 2, use the polyethylene film of producing by SANYU Co.Ltd..Thickness sees Table 2.Film is fixed on the shoestring with Acrylic Foam Tape (Nitto Denko company, product type 5000NS).Noise silencer is fixed to tire inner surface with same adhesive tape.

Noise testing:

With Japanese 2000cc FF car, test in as above identical mode.The result compares with the reference example 1 that is decided to be 0dB and is shown in table 2 with dB.

Vibration-testing:

Testing tire is kept vertical, 3000cc water is poured in the tyre cavity, after one hour, with hand with water discharge as much as possible.Then with mounting of tyre to wheel rim and be connected on the above-mentioned testing automobile, when then on the Tire testing loop, travelling, estimate the vibrations of tire by test driver with the speed of 100km/hr.Test result is as shown in table 2.

Table 2

Tire Reference 1 Reference 2 Example 1 Example 2 Quantity external coating thickness (mm) the tire weightening finish of noise damper *1(kg) ??0 ??-- ??-- ??0.01 1 does not have--and 0.36 1 has 0.06 0.01 1 has 0.06 0.01 Noise reduction amount (dB) vibration 0 does not have -10.3 have -10.5 do not have -10 do not have

*1) corresponding to the total weight of noise silencer

Can determine that by test result the noise reduction effect of noise silencer can effectively prevent in running at high speed because the caused vibration of suction not because of external coating reduces simultaneously.

Claims (7)

1. air-inflation tyre comprises:
Tread portion,
The pair of sidewall part,
A pair of axially spaced bead part,
Annular tire chamber, when mounting of tyre is on wheel rim, described annular tire chamber form the osed top tire cavity and
A plurality of noise dampers, it is made and is arranged in by sponge-like porous material in the described tire chamber,
The inside face that described noise damper is fixed on described tread portion to be circumferentially extending along tire at axial diverse location,
The cumulative volume of described noise damper is 0.4~20% of a described tire cavity volume,
Wherein
Described tread portion have a plurality of circumferential extensions main groove and
Radially inner side at each described main groove is provided with a described noise damper, and
The width of this described noise damper (Ws) is 1.0~4.0 times of this each described main groove width (Wg).
2. according to the air-inflation tyre of claim 1, wherein
Described noise damper comprises at least one pair of noise damper, and a noise damper in the described a pair of noise damper is arranged on and the position of another noise damper about the line symmetry of tire equator.
3. according to the air-inflation tyre of claim 2, wherein
Described double-type noise damper has the shape of cross section that becomes looking-glass symmetry about tire equator substantially.
4. according to the air-inflation tyre of claim 1, wherein
With respect to the axial location at the center of described noise damper on its Width, described noise damper is about tire equator line symmetric offset spread.
5. according to the air-inflation tyre of claim 4, wherein
The shape of cross section of described noise damper becomes looking-glass symmetry substantially about tire equator.
6. according to the air-inflation tyre of claim 1, wherein
The proportion of described sponge-like porous material is 0.005~0.06.
7. according to the air-inflation tyre of claim 6, wherein
The proportion of described sponge-like porous material is the open cell type foamed elastomeric material.
CNB2007101986145A 2004-03-16 2004-12-30 Air-inflation tyre with noise damper CN100554010C (en)

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