CN101178231A - Indoor air control regulation system - Google Patents

Indoor air control regulation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101178231A
CN101178231A CNA2007101958234A CN200710195823A CN101178231A CN 101178231 A CN101178231 A CN 101178231A CN A2007101958234 A CNA2007101958234 A CN A2007101958234A CN 200710195823 A CN200710195823 A CN 200710195823A CN 101178231 A CN101178231 A CN 101178231A
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China
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air
ftercompction
indoor
negative pressure
pressure
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CNA2007101958234A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100513908C (en
Inventor
王君
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王君
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Publication of CN100513908C publication Critical patent/CN100513908C/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to an indoor air control and regulating system, which comprises an air exhaust pipe, an air supply pipe and a negative-pressure air fan. One end of the air exhaust pipe is connected with one or more than one negative-pressure device(s) provided internally with an airflow channel, and the surface of the negative-pressure device at the airflow channel is provided with an air outlet; One end of the air supply pipe is connected with one or more than one pressure-filling device(s) provided internally with an airflow channel, and the surface of the pressure-patching device at the airflow channel is provided with an air supply outlet. By utilizing the negative-pressure device and the pressure-filling device with airflow channels, and through the connection of the pipes and the negative-pressure air fan, the invention realizes the flow of indoor air between surface and surface, point and point as well as point and surface. Under the action of a purifying device, the indoor air is purified, reducing and eliminating the harmful materials and germs in the air. After an air temperature regulating device is arranged, the indoor temperature can be regulated effectively and the energy source consumption is reduced greatly.

Description

Indoor air control regulation system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of indoor air control regulation system, especially a kind of on interior decoration and furniture, with the form of finishing parts or furniture parts, install form can be according to user's needs, the system that the flow direction and the temperature of room air controlled to adjust.
Background technology
No matter be working space, living space or leisure space, people are more and more higher to the quality requirement of air.Office equipment in the working space (as duplicator etc.) produced pollution air should be how with the air separation in space; How toilet in the living space, the air in kitchen should separate with the air in bedroom etc.; How the air of smoking seat should thoroughly separate with the air of non-smoking area in the food and drink space, becomes the problem of people's extensive concern.Along with the modern society people improve gradually to the requirement of work, living environment and modern architecture self is functional continually strengthens, people under the prerequisite of being concerned about indoor temperature and air quality, the mobile trend of beginning extensive concern room air.
Because air is always flowed to negative pressuren zone by zone of positive pressure, do not have rule if each the regional air pressure in the building distributes, or when not distributing, the random of room air will be taken place flow according to people's needs.Contain the air of the material that is harmful to health, air and the unaccommodated air of temperature and may flow to the area of space that people do not wish its arrival with peculiar smell.For example, people do not wish that the air in kitchen, the toilet flows to living room, bedroom; Cross cold or overheated air and should directly not blow to head of people or the like.The shortcut that addresses this problem is exactly the flow direction that artificially guides air, and room air can be flowed according to the direction and the position of people's appointment.
At present, also there are not this type of special equipment or device to be seen in and open medium and use.The widely used air-conditioning system of people is in order to reach the equilibrium of indoor temperature, avoid directly wind to certain FX, made suitable technological improvement, for example, reform air-out and the air intake mode and the pattern of indoor air-conditioning, make temperature everywhere in its compensating chamber of trying one's best, have natural effect, but can't solve the directed flow demand of air.At present typical central air conditioner system constitutes as shown in Figure 1.Central air conditioner system shown in Figure 1 is the basic supply and exhaust structure at an interior space, be specially: the main frame a that is arranged on the building outside, by air supply duct be arranged on indoor air outlet b and be connected, simultaneously, by return air duct be arranged on indoor exhaust outlet c and be connected.In air outlet b and exhaust outlet c, blower fan d is set respectively.In use, the user is by the controller design temperature, and make main frame a start working with blower fan d (if a plurality of space has been connected air outlet b and exhaust outlet c respectively, then the startup of main frame a is subjected to the control of main controller and not controlled by the sub-controller in each room with closing).Under the effect of the blower fan d that indoor air is provided with in air outlet b and exhaust outlet c room air is upgraded, and make it reach the temperature that needs.
When adopting this pipe method to blow with return air, because building self, air outlet b and exhaust outlet c are arranged on the ceiling usually.From other lower regions in the very difficult inlet chamber from top to bottom of the fresh empty wind of air outlet b, therefore be difficult to the flow direction of control air-flow.In addition, because the warm-up movement of air, indoor air are normally upwards flowed, though the exhaust outlet c on the ceiling helps indoor muddy air is discharged, but in the uphill process of muddy air, harmful substance entrained in the air has caused health hazard to human body.The application that air outlet b and exhaust outlet c is arranged on indoor other positions is also arranged, and for example on wall and the floor, but air-supply and return air duct must occupy the bigger space of indoor wall and ground, and be not only attractive in appearance inadequately, and make the fitment process complexity more that becomes.In addition, the noise of set blower fan d also can cause adverse influence to people among air outlet b and the exhaust outlet c.Have, because the main task of central air conditioner system is the temperature of control room air at present, therefore, its working method is to adopt the mode of initiatively forcing pressure air blowing, makes indoor air present normal pressure again.Though exhaust outlet c can reduce the pressure of room air, initiatively pressure air blowing has still occupied leading position, thereby causes indoor people to lack comfort.In this state, room air can not be realized carrying out directed flow according to people's needs substantially, so the flow effect of air circulation in dwelling house and the office building working space and air is undesirable.
In residential housing, kitchen and toilet adopt unidirectional air exhausting device, smoke pumping equipment to carry out the discharge by force of air usually, to cause negative pressure, peculiar smell, oil smoke can not be flowed to other rooms, and still, effect is unsatisfactory.Its reason is that these equipment just have certain effect at certain region point tool, and can not control each regional air pressure distribution situation in the whole building unit, therefore, when the gas that contains other materials in a large number produces, can not these gas flow directions of better controlled.The oil smoke of moment can make the smoke pumping equipment can not be rapidly with its discharge in the kitchen, thereby causes oil smoke to spread to other rooms, needs the long time can be thoroughly clear.In addition, the operation of special-purpose exhaust equipment also can bring bigger noise, forms the noise pollution of indoor environment.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to fundamentally to realize the flow direction of the air of indoor zones of different is carried out effective and reasonable control and a kind of indoor air control regulation system is provided at above-mentioned prior art equipment, this system can be according to the trend requirement of flowing of indoor each zone to air, form the directed flow of room air, local static, inner loop or indoor and outdoor circulation, make indoor air carry out face and face according to people's requirement, point and point, directed flow between the some face, build healthy, comfortable work, living environment, and can save the consumption of the energy greatly, reduce the generation of noise, can also adjust the temperature of room air.
A kind of indoor air control regulation system provided by the present invention, comprise exhaust duct, air supply duct and be arranged on negative-pressure air fan in the exhaust duct, one end of described exhaust duct connects one or more, in establish the negative pressure device of gas channel, this negative pressure device surface is positioned at described gas channel place and is provided with exhaust outlet; One end of described air supply duct connects one or more, in establish the ftercompction device of gas channel, this ftercompction apparatus surface is positioned at described gas channel place and is provided with air outlet.
Negative pressure device forms the negative pressure of this position air by the air (air that is about to this position is discharged) of assigned address in blower fan and the exhaust duct suction chamber.The ftercompction device then will be from the air that passes through air supply duct to indoor assigned address make-up gas.By indoor negative pressure device and ftercompction device specifically be provided with the directed flow that can form room air.Compare with existing central air conditioner system, owing to cancelled the blower fan in exhaust outlet and the air outlet, greatly reduce indoor noise, and, since room air flow from exhaust duct in the effect of negative-pressure air fan, therefore the pressure pressure air blowing at air outlet place can not appear, that is to say, negative pressure device has played leading role in indoor air flows, thereby gives the comfortable impression of user.
In the technique scheme, the other end of described exhaust duct can also be connected with the other end of described air supply duct.Can realize circulating of room air like this, be beneficial to the temperature in the holding chamber, energy savings.
In interior decoration, the requirement that can flow to room air according to the function of use and the user in each room of cover premises, fixed point is provided with installs negative pressure device and ftercompction device, just can form room air and flow to control system.Under the effect of negative-pressure air fan, air in the negative pressure device is discharged by exhaust duct, cause the interior air of negative pressure device to be negative pressure state, near the air the indoor close exhaust outlet then replenishes by entering negative pressure device, causes room air to the negative pressure device directed flow.This directed flow can produce negative pressuren zone in the position that negative pressure device is being installed on the one hand, makes simultaneously ftercompction device place is installed becomes zone of positive pressure relatively, the air flow negative pressuren zone of air positive pressure in the indoor atmospheric area of mobile drive of negative pressure; Other direction, the work of negative pressure device can also make the pressure of an indoor air reduce, with respect to these indoor other interior spaces on every side ftercompction device places are installed and then produce zone of positive pressure relatively, at this moment, the ftercompction device then will discharge the ftercompction air by air outlet from the air of air supply duct, with the air pressure in the holding chamber.This process is dynamic.Along with the operation of negative-pressure air fan, this dynamic process will continue, thereby has formed the directed flow of room air.The horizontal direction of indoor air flows is decided by negative pressure device and ftercompction Unit Installation position, and the upper-lower position of set exhaust outlet and air outlet has then determined the above-below direction of indoor air flows on negative pressure device and the ftercompction device.The amount of flow of moving air is then determined by the quantity of negative pressure device and ftercompction device and the power of negative-pressure air fan.
In above-mentioned two technical schemes, described ftercompction device and described air supply duct junction also are provided with air themperature adjusting device and ftercompction blower fan.The air themperature adjusting device can adopt refrigeration commonly used, heating equipment and air heat exchanger.The ftercompction blower fan is sent the ftercompction air into this air themperature adjusting device, makes the temperature that enters gas in the ftercompction device obtain adjusting and changes, to satisfy the requirement of user to indoor temperature.Owing to do not have in the direct inlet chamber, so the ftercompction device becomes buffer or the holder of sending into new wind by heat-exchanged air.When needed, can be under the suction effect of negative pressure device, in the passive inlet chamber of air outlet.In the directed flow process that forms room air, realized the adjustment of indoor temperature.
For rooms different in the same building being carried out air flow and temperature control, be provided with the air door that is used to control gas discrepancy at described air outlet and/or exhaust outlet place by a cover system.By air door, people can implement control adjustment to air flow in any one room or the space and temperature.
Among the present invention, described negative pressure device and ftercompction device are the plate bodys of inner hollow, or hollow tube, or the ducted body that is made of decorative wall panels and building wall inner surface.
When the plate body that adopts inner hollow during as negative pressure device and ftercompction device, this plate body can be made the modular assembly of the wallboard of the sheet material of built-in furniture and indoor wall finishing, and can with the polylith plate body by inserting mode up and down or side by side connected mode use together.The plate body that is used for negative pressure in the generating chamber can be made according to the style of indoor wall and furniture, perhaps making becomes ornament and is embedded on indoor wall and the built-in furniture, according to experiment, modular assembly as the wallboard of indoor wall finishing, this plate body can be made the decorative panel of the ceiling line that becomes strip, stringcourse, column, decorative thread form, also can make becomes square and circular wallboard, laminate, dividing plate, facing plate, and can use by monolithic, also can overlappingly use.Equally, according to its function setting, can make becomes strip, tabular to the plate body of indoor tonifying Qi.Modular assembly as furniture, the plate body of negative pressure can be made in the generating chamber becomes combination or the furniture upholstery that upper tooth plate, panel, column or column cap ornament are used for cabinet furniture, and can make parts or the furniture upholstery that becomes lower tooth plate, panel, suspension column to the plate body of indoor tonifying Qi.
When adopting hollow tube as negative pressure device and ftercompction device, this hollow tube can be made tubbiness or other polygon-shaped pipe bodies, and be mounted on the ceiling, go up dental lamina place, the inferior position in skirting place and floor, can also be the column form.
When adopting decorative wall panels, the space between decorative wall panels and the building wall inboard can be closed, form the negative pressure device and the ftercompction device of an integral body, also have same effect.
System Integrated Technology scheme of the present invention can have two kinds of application, the first, according to air warm-up movement principle, motion upward after room air is heated, though the air specific weight situation of change with the degree of being heated and air after contaminated all influences flowing of air, but air be not subjected under the situation of wake turbulence, still flows upward.Therefore, the effect of top that negative pressure device is installed in the ftercompction device is obvious, can guide and accelerate air flowing upward like this; The second, according to positive principle of negative pressure, air flows from just pressing to the negative pressure direction, be heated and the pollution condition of air can influence air from just pressing to the flowing velocity of negative pressure, but can not change direction, therefore, in an interior space, negative pressure device and ftercompction device are distributed on two adjacent or relative walls, can guide air to flow to another specific direction from a direction.Equally, the principle that flows to the negative pressure direction from normal pressure according to air, just can be implemented in premises guiding air to the flowing of any one specific direction, perhaps in an office open space, the air that can realize guiding a zone flows to the zone of another appointment.These two kinds of technical schemes can be used respectively, also can be used in combination.
When technique scheme is used in the open low partition wall of office, can be with negative pressure device in the technical solution of the present invention and ftercompction device making becoming modularization dividing plate, be connected by a bayonet socket and a silk mouth that is provided with between dividing plate and the dividing plate, by use, realize guiding air flowing to the direction of an appointment to the purification plate and the tonifying Qi plate of difference in functionality.
In order to make room air in flowing, can improve air quality, be provided with the purifier that is used for gas is carried out purified treatment in the described gas channel.Purifier can adsorb and eliminate harmful substance entrained in the gas that flows through, and makes discharge or mend the air of going into to have good air quality.
Described purifier is the air filtering purifier that is arranged in the described gas channel, has filter course and the sorbing material that is used to adsorb micronic dust in this air filtering purifier.
Described purifier can also be arranged on the coarse aspect that is made of a plurality of grooves or blind hole of described gas channel inner surface, or be attached to described gas channel inner surface on cellular orifice plate, or be arranged on air filter screen in the described gas channel; Be linked with 200 order to 1000 purpose powdered carbon particles on this purifier.Coarse aspect is actually a kind of air wake turbulence aspect.According to fluid mechanics principle, air wake turbulence aspect presents obstruction to its surperficial gas of process, and whirlpool occurs, causes air-flow in its surface detention, the absorption property that the powdered carbon particle is had then can adsorb airborne small dust granules, thereby air is purified and drying.
For further improving the quality of air cleaning, go back dipping on the described purifier and be coated with bamboo vinegar or the wooden vinegar top layer that is used for sterilization.
Described purifier can also be to be coated with the TiO that is located at described gas channel inner surface 2The photocatalyst coating.TiO 2The photocatalyst coating excites down in the irradiation of light, can adsorb airborne most of chemical substance, oxidation and decomposition.Therefore, has TiO 2The portion of confluxing of photocatalyst coating, gas channel portion can adopt transparent material to make.When adopting opaque material, perhaps, in gas channel, irradiation light can also be set in order further to improve and to guarantee the air cleaning quality, can fully excite TiO 2The catharsis of photocatalyst coating.
By above description to technical solution of the present invention as can be known, utilization of the present invention has the negative pressure device and the ftercompction device of gas channel, and the connection by pipeline, negative-pressure air fan, make room air can realize directed flow as requested, realized the technique effect of control room air Rational flow.Compare with existing central air conditioner system, its energy resource consumption significantly reduces.After being provided with air themperature adjusting device and ftercompction blower fan, can also effectively adjust indoor temperature, and the effect by purifier, can carry out purified treatment to indoor air, effective minimizing is also eliminated the various harmful substance particles that exist in the air, can also pass through sterilization, sterilization treatment, make air discharge or in indoor circulation after purifying.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the basic structure schematic diagram of existing central air conditioner system;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of first embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the expansion structure schematic diagram of first embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of second embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is another structural representation of second embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is another structural representation of second embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of third embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 8 is first kind of structural representation of purifier among the present invention;
Fig. 9 is second kind of structural representation of purifier among the present invention;
Figure 10 is the third structural representation of purifier among the present invention;
Figure 11 is the 4th kind of structural representation of purifier among the present invention;
Figure 12 is first application example schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 13 is second application example schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 14 is the 3rd an application example schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 15 is the 4th an application example schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 16 is the 5th an application example schematic diagram of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment also in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment one
Figure 2 shows that a basic system structure of the present invention, this system comprises exhaust duct 1, air supply duct 2 and is arranged on negative-pressure air fan 11 in the exhaust duct 1.Establish the negative pressure device 3 of gas channel 5 in one end of exhaust duct 1 connects one, these negative pressure device 3 surfaces are positioned at gas channel 5 places and are provided with exhaust outlet 31.Establish the ftercompction device 4 of gas channel 5 in one end of air supply duct 2 connects one, these ftercompction device 4 surfaces are positioned at gas channel 5 places and are provided with air outlet 41.
Exhaust duct 1, negative-pressure air fan 11 and negative pressure device 3 have constituted a negative pressure subsystem, and air supply duct 2 and ftercompction device 4 have constituted a ftercompction subsystem.Negative-pressure air fan 11 sucks room air by exhaust outlet 31 after startup, discharge by exhaust duct 1 again, exhaust outlet 31 ambient airs of negative pressure device 3 is flowed in negative pressure device 3, thereby cause room air to flow near negative pressure device 3.This flowing caused reducing of ftercompction device 4 ambient air pressure, and therefore, ftercompction device 4 sucks extraneous air by air supply duct 2 and passes through air outlet 41 to indoor tonifying Qi.Under the continuous action of negative-pressure air fan 11, formed room air by ftercompction device 4 to negative pressure device 3 continual directed flow.
In the native system, the directed flow of room air is because the work of negative pressure subsystem, and has caused the passive work of ftercompction subsystem, and therefore, the ftercompction subsystem is being followed the rule how many air scarce how many air mend to indoor additional air the time.Existing central air conditioner system is to indoor air-supply the time, do not consider the factor of indoor existing air pressure, thereby make in the inlet chamber air except that a part to exhaust outlet flows, remaining air then flows arbitrarily everywhere to indoor, and since this enforceable to indoor pressurization, caused indoor occupant because of directly being stroked the sense of discomfort that produces by wind.In addition, the cold wind in summer and the warm braw in winter, its direct wind-engaging all produce harm to people's health.
Have again, the negative-pressure air fan 11 of native system can be arranged on outdoor, become a kind of off-premises station, therefore, the noise that is produced during its work to indoor without any influence, and the air-supply of the passive type of ftercompction subsystem then can make room air quietly finish directed flow and renewal in the environment under the state without any noise.
Native system can be applied in the room, creates the directed flow of room air, also can be applied in a plurality of rooms, causes air guided the flowing between the room.At this moment, system architecture as shown in Figure 3.Among Fig. 3, be connected with a plurality of negative pressure devices 3 in the negative pressure subsystem, and also be connected with a plurality of ftercompction devices 4 in the ftercompction subsystem.Negative pressure device 3 can equate with the quantity of ftercompction device 4, also can not wait, and its installation site also can be provided with arbitrarily according to user's needs.Negative pressure device 3 not only can also can be used as ceiling as wallboard, and ftercompction device 4 promptly can be as wallboard, also can be as the floor.Negative pressure device 3 and ftercompction device 4 can be oppositely arranged indoor, also can adjacently be provided with.
Embodiment two
As shown in Figure 4, in the present embodiment, negative pressure device 3 and ftercompction device 4 all are plate bodys of inner hollow.This hollow plate body can be made into the wallboard of finishing usefulness, also can be made into furniture panel.The version of gas channel 5 can adopt various ways.In the present embodiment, the gas channel in the negative pressure device 3 has the air part of confluxing in two ends 5 about, is the wide cut passage in the middle part of it.Exhaust outlet 31 can be arranged on wide cut passage place, also can be arranged on the part of confluxing simultaneously.Gas channels 5 in the ftercompction device 4 also have up and down the air at the two ends part of confluxing, and its middle part then is a multiple tracks passage in a narrow margin.Equally, air outlet 41 can be arranged on also that air confluxes that part goes up or passage on.Have the tabular negative pressure device 3 of gas channel 5 and ftercompction device 4 when spending decorative wall panels and use, also have good soundproof effect, because flow air has good obstruction dissemination to sound.
Present embodiment is that with the foregoing description one difference the other end of exhaust duct 1 is connected with the other end of air supply duct 2, has constituted a passage that connects negative pressure device 3 and ftercompction device 4, and 11 of negative-pressure air fans are set in this passage.The orientation that present embodiment in use can form room air circulates, and the temperature in the holding chamber helps the saving of the energy so effectively.
The structure of negative pressure device 3 and ftercompction device 4 can also be made structure as shown in Figure 5.Among Fig. 5, negative pressure device 3 and ftercompction device 4 have all adopted the form of hollow tube.The negative pressure device 3 quadrant cylindricality for erectting, its inside have the supplied gas airflow flowing passage that makes progress.Exhaust outlet 31 is arranged on the circular arc side; Ftercompction device 4 is that horizontal four sides is prismatic, and its inside has the gas channel of supplied gas lateral flow.Air outlet 41 is arranged on upper surface.In interior decoration, the negative pressure device 3 of quadrant cylindricality can be installed in the corner of room wall as edge list, and the prismatic ftercompction device 4 in four sides can be set at the last dental lamina place of underfloor skirting place or ceiling, and requires to select particular location according to concrete air flow.
The structure of negative pressure device 3 and ftercompction device 4 can also be made structure as shown in Figure 6.Among Fig. 6, negative pressure device 3 and ftercompction device 4 are the ducted bodies that are made of decorative wall panels 6 and building wall inner surface.In decoration construction, utilize the decorative wall panels 6 and the space of between the walls to constitute gas channel, form the periphery sealing in space and connect exhaust duct 1, negative-pressure air fan 11 and air supply duct 2 through rationally installing again, suitable position is provided with the directed flow control system that exhaust outlet 31 and air outlet 41 backs just can constitute room air on decorative wall panels 6.
Embodiment three
As shown in Figure 7, the difference of present embodiment and above-mentioned two embodiment is: be provided with air themperature adjusting device 7 and ftercompction blower fan 21 in ftercompction device 4 and air supply duct 2 junctions.Air themperature adjusting device 7 can adopt existing refrigeration, heating combined equipment, for example compressor, electric heater etc., in air themperature adjusting device 7, heat exchanger can also be set, make between the cold and hot media in the air of flowing through and the heat exchanger and carry out heat exchange, thereby adjust the temperature of air.Owing in the heat exchanging process that carries out air, need air flowing to have certain pressure, therefore 21 pairs of additional air of ftercompction blower fan be set and promote.Be admitted in the gas channel in the ftercompction device 4 through heat-exchanged air.When negative-pressure air fan 11 starts, in the directed flow of room air, in the ftercompction device 4 through air that excess temperature is adjusted as ftercompction gas inlet chamber in, realized the adjusting of indoor temperature.Because negative-pressure air fan 11, air themperature adjusting device 7 and ftercompction blower fan 21 all are mounted on outdoor, therefore, present embodiment in use can not produce a large amount of noises as existing air-conditioning system, and, owing to adopted the air supply mode of passive type, directly do not blow phenomenon so the wind-force that present employed air-conditioning produces can not occur, can give comfortable impression.In the present embodiment, in fact the gas channel in the ftercompction device 4 has played the buffering to the ftercompction air, to the storage effect of air after the temperature adjustment.Particularly can play good indoor heat insulating effect to the storage effect of air, this is highly beneficial for energy savings.When ftercompction device 4 used with the form of decorative wall panels, the wallboard that inside is full of the suitable air of temperature is the interior temperature of holding chamber effectively.The spontaneous current of considering cold and hot air is to problem, for making air in the wallboard easily in the inlet chamber, can air outlet 41 be set respectively in the upper and lower of ftercompction device 4, make the air outlet 41 that cooling air can be by the bottom, make heat air can be by in the air outlet 41 natural inlet chambers on top.
In addition, the air door that control gas is come in and gone out can also be set at the air outlet place, this air door can adopt widely used electrically-controlled valve, also can use manually-operated gate.When needs during to room temperature lowering, the air outlet 41 of closing the bottom makes cold air in air outlet 41 inlet chambers on top; When needs during to indoor intensification, the air outlet 41 of then closing top makes hot-air in air outlet 41 inlet chambers of bottom.
The use of air door not only can be applied on the ftercompction device, also can be applied on the negative pressure device simultaneously.When system that the present invention constituted carries out air flow and temperature control to a plurality of rooms, employing is provided with the mode of air door, the user only need open or close the not interior air door of chummery, make the air in each room control adjustment as required, and whole system in theory only need a negative-pressure air fan just can realize the adjustment of control respectively to air flow in each room, the unit in the whole building and temperature.
In addition, also exhaust duct 1 can be connected with air supply duct 2 in the present embodiment, form circulating of room air,, can save the energy greatly for the native system of needs adjustment indoor temperature.In the circulatory system, ftercompction blower fan 21 also can be cancelled, and makes negative-pressure air fan 11 bear the double action that negative inspiratory pressure and ftercompction are supplied gas simultaneously.
In the various embodiments described above, can also be provided for gas is carried out the purifier of purified treatment in the gas channel 5.Under the effect of purifier, the gas that enters in negative pressure device and the ftercompction device can be purified processing, the indoor harmful substances in air that contains is eliminated, additional air in the inlet chamber has air quality preferably, so just makes the present invention can realize the triple effects of directed flow, adjustment and air cleaning of room air.
Specifically, purifier can adopt air filtering purifier commonly used, has filter course and the sorbing material that is used to adsorb micronic dust in this air filtering purifier.
In addition, purifier structure as shown in Figure 8.Among Fig. 8, purifier is to distribute at gas channel 5 inner surfaces the coarse aspect 51 of a plurality of grooves 511 is set.On coarse aspect 51, also be linked with 200 order to 1000 purpose powdered carbon particles.When gas flows through this coarse aspect 51, according to fluid mechanics principle, gas is obstructed because of a plurality of grooves 511 on the rough layer 51 and because of producing whirlpool, and occur being detained, entrained small dust granules is subjected to the absorption of powdered carbon in the air, be deposited on the rough layer 51, thereby the air that enters the air cleaning passage is purified.Powdered carbon can be selected absorption property active carbon preferably.
Purifier can also be as shown in Figure 9.Among the figure, the purifier of gas channel 5 inner surfaces is the coarse aspects 51 that are distributed with a plurality of blind holes 512.On coarse aspect 51, also be linked with 200 order to 1000 purpose powdered carbon particles.The effect of blind hole 512 is identical with groove 511 among Fig. 8.
Purifier can also be as shown in figure 10.Among the figure, the purifier of gas channel 5 inner surfaces is the cellular orifice plates 52 that are attached to the gas channel inner surface, also is linked with 200 order to 1000 purpose powdered carbon particles on this cellular orifice plate 52.
In addition, can also adopt airstrainer is set, and carry out air cleaning in the mode that air filtration hangs powdered carbon on the net and handle.In addition, purifier can adopt traditional air filtering purifier, has filter course and the sorbing material that is used to adsorb micronic dust in this air filtering purifier.
In order to improve the quality of air cleaning, above-mentioned purifier can also be coated with bamboo vinegar or the wooden vinegar top layer that is used for sterilization by dipping.Like this can be in eliminating air during deleterious particle, kill various harmful germ of carrying in the air.
Because bamboo vinegar or wooden vinegar have certain aggressivity, and after corroding, reduce sterilization effect easily, therefore, can between purifier and gas channel inner surface, a separation layer be set in advance.Separation layer can be selected multiple material, as long as can protect base material, and self can not infiltrated, and does not produce chemical reaction with bamboo vinegar or wooden vinegar, can use.
Purifying layer can also be as shown in figure 11.Among the figure, the purifying layer of gas channel 5 inner surfaces is the TiO that are coated with 2Photocatalyst coating 53.TiO 2Photocatalyst coating 53 excites down in the irradiation of light, has the good effect that purifies air.But, because TiO 2Photocatalyst coating 53 need can be worked under the irradiation of light, therefore, adopts TiO 2Photocatalyst coating 53 is during as purifying layer, and the panel that negative pressure device and ftercompction device are positioned at the gas channel place need adopt transparent material to make, thereby obtains extraneous light.Be coated with TiO if adopt opaque material to make inner surface 2During the gas channel of photocatalyst coating, also can in gas channel, be provided for exciting described TiO 2The irradiation light of photocatalyst coating.Can play the effect that purifies air equally.
System provided by the present invention has good indoor air flow direction control effect, in conjunction with various air cleaning units and air themperature adjusting device are set, can carry out omnibearing control adjustment to room air simultaneously.Concrete application is as follows:
Application example one
Figure 12 shows that the application example of the present invention in the bedroom.Because people are in sleep, head should not directly be subjected to brushing of new wind, the carbon dioxide of breathing out needs to discharge as soon as possible simultaneously, therefore, in finishing, negative pressure device 3 is made structure of wall, be arranged on the bedroom near on the metope of cabinet base, and ftercompction device 4 is made structure of wall, be arranged on the metope that the bedroom and the head of a bed join.Exhaust outlet 31 is arranged on more than the middle part, air outlet 41 is arranged on skirting place, bottom.Under the effect of negative pressure subsystem, the air in the bedroom flows to exhaust outlet 31 directions of negative pressure device 3, and the carbon dioxide of exhalation also along with the flowing of air-flow, is discharged from rapidly.Outside fresh air enters in the bedroom by the air outlet 41 of ftercompction subsystem, forms the negative pressure tonifying Qi.At this moment, room air then by head of a bed zone to cabinet base zone directed flow.Air-flow direction in the bedroom is reasonably controlled.
Application example two
Figure 13 is the application example of the present invention in open kitchen.In modern times at home and in the design in the open kitchen of large tracts of land in apartment, the kitchen is divided into cooking zone and the zone of having dinner.For preventing that in cooking process, oil smoke spreads to the kitchen everywhere, need make the air in the kitchen form directed flow.In this example, negative pressure device 3 has been made the sheet material that is used to set up cabinet, and ftercompction device 4 is then made wallboard, and is mounted near the wall in dining area.By the effect of negative-pressure air fan 11, the sheet material shape negative pressure device 3 on the cabinet sucks the cabinet ambient air and discharges the kitchen, has caused the negative pressure of cooking zone.4 zones of having dinner of fresh air being sent into the kitchen by air outlet 41 of the ftercompction device of wallboard shape, cause in the kitchen air by the directed flow of dining area to cooking area, thereby stoped oil smoke to around spread, kept the air in the kitchen to have good quality.
Application example three
Figure 14 shows that the application of the present invention in the building hall.In should using, negative pressure device 3 is made into several columns, and the surface ring is provided with exhaust outlet 31 week, and ftercompction device 4 then is arranged on the side walls in hall with the form of wallboard or the form of built-in furniture.In the system of indoor and outdoor circulation was provided with, the purifier that is provided with in the ftercompction device 4 had adopted TiO 2Photocatalyst coating, and the manufacturing of the outer surface of ftercompction device 4 employing transparent material make TiO 2The photocatalyst coating can see through the irradiation that transparent material receives light in the hall.Under the effect of negative-pressure air fan, the air in the hall is discharged from by exhaust outlet 31, and outside ftercompction air then enters the hall by air outlet 41, and has passed through TiO before entering 2The purified treatment of photocatalyst coating.Ftercompction device 4 is connected with the air themperature adjusting device of outdoor setting, can realize that the temperature control in the hall is adjusted.
Application example four
Figure 15 shows that the present invention an indoor application, wherein, video wall adopts the negative pressure device 3 and ftercompction device 4 compound modes of wallboard form.The wallboard that middle area is bigger and the decoration column plate on both sides and the wallboard of two upper lateral parts are negative pressure device 3, and are provided with exhaust outlet 31, and this exhaust outlet 31 is arranged on the behind of television set and the both sides of television set.Ftercompction device 4 adopts and is arranged on the wallboard form of bottom, video wall both sides and middle lower portion and is separately positioned on the hollow tube formula form that reaches both sides under the floor on the ceiling.Ceiling is provided with two air outlets 41, is positioned at skirting place, both sides on the floor and is provided with two dispatch air ports 41.When the negative pressure subsystem work, negative pressure device 3 is subjected to the effect of negative-pressure air fan on the one hand, sucks room air, simultaneously, under the effect of air warm-up movement, near the air of video wall from bottom to top enter exhaust outlet 31.Because near the air the video wall has presented negative pressure state, so indoor other regional air flow to this video wall, air outlet 41 has the directed flow of all directions to video wall then in time to indoor additional air thereby form room air.It should be noted that especially, the ftercompction device 4 of wallboard form that is arranged on the video wall bottom is because near negative pressuren zone, therefore can replenish air to this zone quickly, under the synergy of the warm-up movement of air and negative-pressure air fan, can be apace provide additional air to the negative pressure device 3 of the wallboard form of portion disposed thereon, thus quickened should the zone air flow.When television set in use discharges pernicious gas, can be purified the processing of device in the quick negative suction device.
Application example five
Figure 16 is applied in an application example in the unit with a plurality of rooms for the present invention.In this unit, have bedroom A, study B, living room C, toilet D and kitchen E.Directed flow control scheme according to room air, air in toilet D and the kitchen E can not flow to other rooms, the air of living room C can flow to toilet D and kitchen E, and bedroom A is balanced mutually with living room C with the air among the B of study, makes mutually noninterfere between the three.For this reason, be provided with the negative pressure device D3 and the E3 of a plurality of wallboard forms on the wall away from the doorway at toilet D and kitchen E, and the exhaust duct D1 and the negative-pressure air fan D11 that pass through special use discharge the air in these two zones, simultaneously, on toilet D and the close wall on doorway of kitchen E, be provided with the ftercompction device D4 and the E4 of a plurality of wallboard forms.In addition, be positioned at the negative pressure device C3 that is provided with a plurality of wallboard forms on the wall of toilet D and kitchen E at living room C, be provided with the ftercompction device C4 of a plurality of wallboard forms on to wall.The exhaust duct C1 that is connected with negative pressure device C3 respectively with toilet D and kitchen E in ftercompction device D4 be connected with ftercompction device C4 among E4 and the living room C.The air that has so just formed among the living room C carries out indoor circulation when flowing according to the arrow line direction, to toilet D and kitchen E tonifying Qi.
In toilet D and kitchen E, negative pressure device D3 and E3 quantity is respectively greater than the quantity of ftercompction device D4 and E4, makes that air flows according to the arrow line direction among toilet D and the kitchen E.In addition, among the living room C, the flow direction of air is to flow to the wall direction that is positioned at toilet D and kitchen E, under the air-flow direction in toilet D, kitchen E and living room C, can guarantee that toilet D, kitchen E air can not flow to living room C like this.
Then by ftercompction device A4 and B4 and the wallboard shape negative pressure device A3 and the B3 of built-in furniture sheet material form or wallboard form, room air forms inner self-loopa according to the arrow line direction for bedroom A, study B.
Should combine with the structure of example, constitute a compound indoor air flows control Adjustment System, have good effect embodiment one and embodiment two.The present invention can also be applied in the mobile control of inside, various dining room to smoking seat and nonsmoking section air.Also can be applied in the control of each regional air-flow direction in the warehouse.Obviously, after inserting the air themperature adjusting device and air cleaning unit is set, can also purify the air of a room, regulate indoor temperature.
Should be noted that at last, above embodiment is only unrestricted in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described, those skilled in the art is to be understood that: can make amendment or be equal to replacement technical scheme of the present invention, and not break away from the spirit and scope of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. indoor air control regulation system, comprise exhaust duct, air supply duct and be arranged on negative-pressure air fan in the exhaust duct, it is characterized in that: an end of described exhaust duct connects one or more, in establish the negative pressure device of gas channel, this negative pressure device surface is positioned at described gas channel place and is provided with exhaust outlet; One end of described air supply duct connects one or more, in establish the ftercompction device of gas channel, this ftercompction apparatus surface is positioned at described gas channel place and is provided with air outlet.
2. according to the described indoor air control regulation system of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the other end of described exhaust duct is connected with the other end of described air supply duct.
3. according to claim 1 or 2 described indoor air control regulation systems, it is characterized in that: described ftercompction device and described air supply duct junction also are provided with air themperature adjusting device and ftercompction blower fan.
4. according to the described indoor air control regulation system of claim 3, it is characterized in that: described air outlet and/or exhaust outlet place are provided with and are used to control the air door that gas is come in and gone out.
5. according to claim 1 or 2 described indoor air control regulation systems, it is characterized in that: described negative pressure device and ftercompction device are the plate bodys of inner hollow, or hollow tube, or the ducted body that is made of decorative wall panels and building wall inner surface.
6. indoor air control regulation system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described negative pressure device and ftercompction device are the sheet material of furniture or the wallboard of indoor wall decorations.
7. according to claim 1 or 2 described indoor air control regulation systems, it is characterized in that: be provided with the purifier that is used for gas is carried out purified treatment in the described gas channel.
8. according to the described indoor air control regulation system of claim 7, it is characterized in that: described purifier is the coarse aspect that is made of a plurality of grooves or blind hole that is arranged on described gas channel inner surface, or be attached to cellular orifice plate on the described gas channel inner surface, or be arranged on the air filter screen in the described gas channel; Be linked with 200 order to 1000 purpose powdered carbon particles on this purifier.
9. described according to Claim 8 indoor air control regulation system is characterized in that: go back dipping on the described purifier and be coated with bamboo vinegar or the wooden vinegar top layer that is used for sterilization.
10. according to the described indoor air control regulation system of claim 6, it is characterized in that: described purifier is to be coated with the TiO that is located at described gas channel inner surface 2The photocatalyst coating.
CNB2007101958234A 2007-11-23 2007-11-23 Indoor air control regulation system CN100513908C (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104633780A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-05-20 森德(中国)暖通设备有限公司 Indoor air processing system
CN104977955A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-10-14 苏州朗捷通智能科技有限公司 Temperature control energy-saving management system of building
CN105135566A (en) * 2015-09-09 2015-12-09 同济大学 Pollutant obstructing system based on air directional flowing principle and using method of pollutant obstructing system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104633780A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-05-20 森德(中国)暖通设备有限公司 Indoor air processing system
CN104633780B (en) * 2014-12-31 2017-10-13 森德(中国)暖通设备有限公司 Room air processing system
CN104977955A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-10-14 苏州朗捷通智能科技有限公司 Temperature control energy-saving management system of building
CN105135566A (en) * 2015-09-09 2015-12-09 同济大学 Pollutant obstructing system based on air directional flowing principle and using method of pollutant obstructing system
CN105135566B (en) * 2015-09-09 2017-12-26 同济大学 A kind of pollutant partitioning system and its application method based on air guided flowing principle

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