CN101170691A - A method, system and STB for monitoring IPTV service quality - Google Patents

A method, system and STB for monitoring IPTV service quality Download PDF

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CN101170691A
CN101170691A CN 200710193783 CN200710193783A CN101170691A CN 101170691 A CN101170691 A CN 101170691A CN 200710193783 CN200710193783 CN 200710193783 CN 200710193783 A CN200710193783 A CN 200710193783A CN 101170691 A CN101170691 A CN 101170691A
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monitoring
quality
module
data
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良 姚
晴 肖
源 胡
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中国电信股份有限公司
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Abstract

本发明提出了一种监测IPTV业务服务质量的方法和系统及机顶盒,包括:(1)由IPTV服务质量监测平台对机顶盒进行初始配置,所述配置信息包括数据上报周期,即当每次开机时,以及到达设定的周期时长时,启动新的上报周期;(2)由机顶盒监测并记录接收到的数据流的IPTV服务质量参数,所述质量参数至少包括如下之一:传输层质量参数和应用层事件过程参数;以及(3)在到达数据上报周期时,由机顶盒将记录的质量监测数据经IPTV承载网上传到IPTV服务质量监测平台。 (1) the initial configuration of the set top box by the IPTV service quality monitoring platform, the configuration information includes data reporting period, i.e. when each boot: The present invention provides an IPTV service quality monitoring method and system and set-top boxes, including and the arrival of the long period is set, start a new reporting period; (2) recorded by the IPTV set-top box to monitor quality of service parameters and the received data stream, the quality parameter includes at least one of the following: the quality parameters and the transport layer the application layer event process parameters; and IPTV service quality monitoring platform (3) on the arrival of data reporting cycle, the set top box by a quality monitoring data to be recorded by the bearer network IPTV spread. 本发明不仅能有效监测IPTV服务质量,具有较低的实施成本,简单易行,而且易于进行监测工具的升级维护。 The present invention not only can effectively monitor the quality of IPTV service, the embodiment has a lower cost, simple, easy to upgrade and maintain monitoring tools.

Description

一种监测IPTV业务服务质量的方法和系统及机顶盒技术领域 A method of monitoring IPTV service quality methods and systems and set-top box technology field

本发明涉及IP宽带网的应用终端领域。 The present invention relates to the field of the application terminal IP broadband network. 在IPTV机顶盒中,内置服务质量监测工具,实现对全网IPTV服务质量的监测。 In the IPTV set-top box, built-in quality of service monitoring tools to achieve the monitoring of the entire network IPTV service quality.

背景技术 Background technique

IPTV业务是电信运营商的重要转型业务,其基于电信宽带网络, 通过聚合SP的各种视频内容和增值应用,为用户提供一种全新的交互式电视体验以及丰富多彩的多媒体内容的宽带增值服务,具体包括流媒体音视频点播、广播、通信服务、信息服务、音乐/卡拉OK、互动游戏、互动广告、远程教育等多种业务形式。 IPTV service is an important transformation of telecom operators business, based broadband telecommunications network, through a variety of video content aggregation and the SP value-added applications, to provide users with a new interactive TV experience broadband value-added services and rich multimedia content , including streaming audio and video on demand, broadcasting, communication services, information services, music / Kara OK, interactive games, interactive advertising a variety of business forms, such as distance education.

IPTV业务的发展不仅可拉动宽带接入,使非PC用户使用宽带接入业务,并且增加用户对宽带增值业务的认知度和粘合度,将持续推动宽带业务的发展。 Development of IPTV business can not only pull the broadband access, the non-PC users use broadband access services, and increase user awareness and adhesion of broadband value-added services, will continue to promote the development of broadband services.

作为一种视音频业务,用户对IPTV的服务质量有非常高的要求, 期望与传统TV、数字电视的质量相当,甚至更高。 As a video and audio services, we have a very high quality of service requirements of IPTV, expectations and traditional TV, digital TV quality comparable or even higher. 但是,IPTV承载在宽带IP网上,网络的带宽、丢包、延时、抖动将引起马赛克、停顿、黑/白屏等图像损伤;另外,IPTV业务平台的质量问题也会影响业务申请的成功率和响应速度等(如点播、组播加入等)。 However, IPTV bearer bandwidth broadband IP network, network, packet loss, delay, jitter will cause mosaics, pause, black / white screen images and other damage; in addition, IPTV service platform of quality problems also affect the success rate of business applications and response speed (e.g., on demand, multicast join the like).

为此,电信运营商需实时监测IPTV的服务质量,及时解决网络或平台的问题,以提高用户的满意度。 To this end, carriers need real-time monitoring of IPTV service quality, timely resolution of network problems or platform, to enhance user satisfaction. 在用户端安装监测工具,是获取IPTV服务质量的有效途径。 In the end user to install monitoring tools, it is an effective way to get IPTV service quality. 一般的办法是在IPTV机顶盒前端或后端安装监测设备,但成本高,实施困难,而且不方便进行监测设备的升级维护。 The general approach is mounted on the front or rear end of the IPTV set-top monitoring device, but the high cost, difficult to implement, and inconvenience of maintenance monitoring equipment upgrades.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种监测IPTV业务服务质量的方法和系统及机顶盒,不仅能有效监测IPTV服务质量,具有较低的实施成本,简单易行,而且易于进行监测工具的升级维护。 The present invention to solve the technical problem is to provide an IPTV service quality monitoring methods and systems and set-top boxes, not only can effectively monitor the quality of IPTV services, with a low implementation cost, simple, and easy to upgrade monitoring tool maintenance .

为了解决上述技术问题,本发明提出了一种监测IPTV业务服务质量的方法,由IPTV业务服务质量监测系统实现服务质量监测,所述IPTV业务服务质量监测系统包括IPTV服务质量监测平台和内置质量监测工具的IPTV机顶盒,包括: To solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a method for monitoring the quality of service of the IPTV, the IPTV service implemented by service quality monitoring system to monitor the quality of service, the IPTV service IPTV service quality monitoring system comprises a built-in quality of service quality monitoring and monitoring platform IPTV set-top boxes of tools, including:

(1) 由IPTV服务质量监测平台对机顶盒进行初始配置,所述配置信息包括数据上报周期,即当每次开机时,以及到达设定的周期时长时,启动新的上报周期; (1) initially configure the set top box by the IPTV service quality monitoring platform, the configuration information includes data reporting period, i.e. when each boot, and duration, start a new reporting cycle reaches a set period;

(2) 由机顶盒监测并记录接收到的数据流的IPTV服务质量参数,所述质量参数至少包括如下之一:传输层质量参数和应用层事件过程参数;以及 (2) by the IPTV set-top box to monitor and record the quality of service parameters of the received data stream, the quality parameter includes at least one of the following: the quality parameters of the transport layer and application layer event process parameters; and

(3) 在到达数据上报周期时,由机顶盒将记录的质量监测数据经IPTV承载网上传到IPTV服务质量监测平台。 (3) the arrival of data reporting cycle, the set top box by a quality monitoring data to be recorded by the bearer network IPTV IPTV service quality monitoring spread internet.

进一步,上述监测IPTV业务服务质量的方法还可具有以下特点, 步骤(2)中包括:所述应用层事件过程参数至少包括如下之一:事件发生时间、成功/失败、失败原因,由机顶盒记录数据上报周期内,组播/点播/EPG请求发生的总次数、失败的次数、失败的时间、失败原因;和/或所述传输层质量参数至少包括如下之一:断流、緩存清空, 由机顶盒记录数据上报周期内,视频播放过程中断流的次数、緩存清空次数。 Further, the above-described IPTV service quality monitoring method may further have the following features in step (2) comprises: the application layer event parameter comprises at least one of the following processes: an event occurrence time, success / failure, the cause of failure by recording the set top box the reporting cycle data, multicast / demand / total number of occurrences of the EPG request, the number of failures, the failure time, the cause of failure; and / or said transport layer comprises at least one of the following quality parameters: interrupter, the buffer has, by the STB records the data reporting period, the number of interrupting video playback, the cache emptying times.

进一步,上述监测IPTV业务服务质量的方法还可具有以下特点, 步骤(2)包括:所述传输层质量参数至少包括如下之一:带宽、丟包率,由机顶盒记录计算周期内,视音频报文在不同丟包率范围的出现次数、视音频报文传输流在不同带宽范围的出现次数。 Further, the above-described IPTV service quality monitoring method may further have the following features in step (2) comprises: said transport layer comprises at least one of the following quality parameters: the bandwidth, packet loss ratio, calculated by the recording period set top box, video and audio packets above in the number of occurrences of packet loss rate range of different video and audio transport stream packet in the number of occurrences of a range of different bandwidths.

一种监测IPTV业务服务质量的系统,包括:IPTV服务质量监测平台和内置质量监测工具的机顶盒,所述机顶盒包括:数据收发模块, 参数监测模块和计时模块,其中, A method of monitoring quality of service IPTV service system, comprising: monitoring the quality of IPTV service quality monitoring and built-in internet tool set-top box, the set-top box comprising: a data transceiver module, monitoring module and a timing module parameters, wherein

IPTV服务质量监测平台,用于对机顶盒进行初始配置,所述配置信息包括数据上报周期,即当每次开机时,以及到达设定的周期时长时,启动新的上报周期,并接收由机顶盒上报的质量监测数据; IPTV service quality monitoring platform for initial configuration of the set top box, the configuration information includes data reporting period, i.e. when each boot, and duration, start a new reporting cycle reaches a set period, and receives a report from the set-top box quality monitoring data;

数据收发模块,用于接收IPTV服务质量监测平台的配置信息,所述配置信息包括数据上报周期;用于将配置信息发送到计时模块,并将参数监测模块上报的质量监测数据经IPTV承载网上传到IPTV服务质量监测平台; A data transceiver module, for receiving configuration information for monitoring the quality of the IPTV service platform, the configuration information includes data reporting period; means for sending configuration information to the timer module, and the parameter reported by the monitoring module quality monitoring data transmitted through the bearer network IPTV to the IPTV service quality monitoring platform;

参数监测模块,用于监测并记录所述质量参数,至少包括如下之一:传输层质量参数和应用层事件过程参数,并根据计时模块的触发将所述质量参数发送到数据收发模块;以及 Parameter monitoring means for monitoring and recording the quality parameters include at least one of the following: the quality parameters of the transport layer and application layer event process parameters, the quality parameter and to transmit data to the transceiver module to the trigger timing module; and

计时模块,用于根据所述配置信息设置数据上报周期,并在到达数据上报周期时,向参数监测模块发送通知。 Timing means for setting information reporting cycle according to the configuration data, and the data arrives at the reporting cycle, the parameter notification is sent to the monitoring module.

进一步,上述监测IPTV业务服务质量的系统还可具有以下特点, 所述应用层事件过程参数至少包括如下之一:事件发生时间、成功/失败状态以及失败原因,所述传输层质量参数至少包括如下之一:断流、 緩存清空、丟包率以及带宽,并在到达数据上报周期时,将所述参数经IPTV承载网上传到IPTV服务质量监测平台。 Further, the above-described IPTV service quality monitoring system may also have the following feature service, the application layer event parameter comprises at least one of the following processes: an event occurrence time, the success / failure reason and failure status, the transport layer comprises at least the following quality parameters one: cutout, buffer empty, packet loss rate and bandwidth and data reporting period on the arrival, via the parameters passed to the bearer network IPTV IPTV service quality monitoring internet.

进一步,上述监测IPTV业务服务质量的系统还可具有以下特点, 参数监测模块还包括:应用层监测模块,用于记录数据上报周期内,组播/点播/EPG请求发生的总次数、失败的次数、失败时间和/或失败原因,并将所述质量参数发送到所述数据收发模块;和/或传输层监测模块,用于监测并记录数据上报周期内,视频播放过程中断流次数和/或緩存清空次数,并将所述质量参数发送到所述数据收发模块。 Further, the above-described IPTV service quality monitoring system may also have the following feature service, the parameter monitoring module further comprises: monitoring an application layer module, for the recording data reporting period, multicast / demand / total number of occurrences of an EPG request, the number of failures , time to failure, and / or the cause of failure, and the quality parameter to said data transceiver module; and / or transport layer monitoring module for monitoring the data recording and reporting period, the number of video playback cutout and / or the number of empty buffers, and the quality parameter data transmitted to the transceiver module.

进一步,上述监测IPTV业务服务质量的系统还可具有以下特点, 所述传输层监测模块还用于监测并记录带宽和/或丢包率,即按设定的计算周期计算丢包率和带宽,记录视音频报文在不同丢包率范围的出现次数、视音频报文传输流在不同带宽范围的出现次数,并将所述次数以及对应的范围标记发送到所迷数据收发模块;以及所述计时模块还用于根据所述计算周期向所述传输层监测模块发送到时通知。 Further, the above-described IPTV service quality monitoring system may also have the following feature service, the transport layer further monitoring module for monitoring and recording the bandwidth and / or packet loss ratio, i.e., calculation cycle is set according to the calculated packet loss rate and bandwidth, recording audio packet loss ratio in the number of occurrences of different ranges, depending on the audio transport stream packet in the number of occurrences of different bandwidth, and the number and range marker corresponding to the lost data transmission transceiving module; and the timing module is further configured to send notification to the transport layer monitoring module based on the calculated period.

进一步,上述监测IPTV业务服务质量的系统还可具有以下特点, 传输层监测模块还至少包括如下之一:断流事件捕获模块,用于在上报周期内监测并记录视频播放过程中断流次数,并将断流次数发送到数据收发模块;緩冲清空事件捕获模块,用于在上报周期内监测并记录视频播放过程中緩存清空次数,并将緩存清空次数发送到数据收发模块;丟包率计算模块,用于以固定的周期计算丟包率,将丢包率在所属丟包率范围出现的次数累加,并将丢包率范围的标记以及在相应范围出现的次数同时发送到数据收发模块;以及带宽计算模块,以固定的周期统计计算带宽值,将带宽值在所属带宽范围出现的次数累加,并将带宽范围标记及在该范围出现的次数发送到数据收发模块。 Further, the above-described IPTV service quality monitoring system may also have the following feature service, the transport layer monitoring module further comprises at least one of the following: interrupter event capture module, for monitoring the reporting period and the number of recorded video playback stop, and cutoff frequency and transmits the data to the transceiver module; buffer empty event capture module, used to monitor and record the number of the video during playback buffer empties the reporting period, the number of empty buffer transmits the data to the transceiver module; packet loss rate calculation module , for a fixed period calculation packet loss rate, packet loss rate to the number of packet loss occurring in the frequency range relevant to accumulate, and mark, and the number of occurrences of packet loss rate in the range corresponding to the range data transceiver module transmits at the same time; and bandwidth calculation module, a fixed cycle statistically calculated bandwidth value, the bandwidth value appearing in the frequency bandwidth accumulation belongs, and bandwidth and transmission flag to the data number in the range transceiver module appears.

一种机顶盒,包括: A set top box, including:

数据收发模块,用于接收IPTV服务质量监测平台的配置信息,所述配置信息包括数据上报周期;用于将配置信息发送到计时模块,并将参数监测模块上报的质量监测数据经IPTV承载网上传到IPTV服务质量监测平台; A data transceiver module, for receiving configuration information for monitoring the quality of the IPTV service platform, the configuration information includes data reporting period; means for sending configuration information to the timer module, and the parameter reported by the monitoring module quality monitoring data transmitted through the bearer network IPTV to the IPTV service quality monitoring platform;

参数监测冲莫块,用于监测并记录质量参数,监测的质量参数至少包括如下之一:传输层质量参数和应用层事件过程参数,并根据计时模块的触发将所述质量参数发送到数据收发模块;以及 Mo punch block parameter monitoring, for monitoring and recording the quality parameters, the quality of the monitored parameters include at least one: the transport layer and application layer quality parameters event process parameters, and sends the quality parameter according to a trigger timing data transceiver module module; and

计时模块,用于根据所迷配置信息设置数据上报周期,并在到达数据上报周期时,向参数监测模块发送通知。 Timing means for reporting period according to the configuration information fan setting data, and the data reaches the reporting cycle, a notification is sent to the monitoring module parameters.

进一步,上述机顶盒还可具有以下特点,所述应用层事件过程参数至少包括如下之一:事件发生时间、成功/失败状态以及失败原因,所述传输层质量参数至少包括如下之一:断流、緩存清空、丟包率以及带宽《 Further, the STB may also have the following features, the application layer event parameter comprises at least one of the following processes: an event occurrence time, the success / failure reason and failure status, the transport layer comprises at least one of the following quality parameters: stop, empty the cache, packet loss and bandwidth "

进一步,上述机顶盒还可具有以下特点,参数监测模块包括:应用层监测模块,用于记录数据上报周期内,组播/点播/EPG请求发生的总次数、失败的次数、失败时间和/或失败原因,并将所述质量参数发送到数据收发模块;和/或传输层监测模块,用于监测并记录数据上报周期内,视频播放过程中断流次数和/或緩存清空次数,并将所述质量参 Further, the STB may have the following characteristics, parameter monitoring module comprising: monitoring an application layer module, for the recording data reporting period, multicast / demand / total number of occurrences of an EPG request, the number of failures, the failure time and / or failure reasons, and the quality parameters to data transceiver module; and / or transport layer monitoring module for monitoring the data recording and reporting period, the number of video playback cutout and / or the number of empty buffers, and the mass ginseng

数发送到所述数据收发模块。 The number of transmission data to the transceiver module.

进一步,上述机顶盒还可具有以下特点,所述传输层监测模块还用于监测并记录带宽和/或丢包率,即按设定的计算周期计算丟包率和带宽,记录视音频报文在不同丢包率范围的出现次数、视音频报文传输流在不同带宽范围的出现次数,并将所述次数以及对应的范围标记发送到 Further, the STB may have the following characteristics, said transport layer further monitoring module for monitoring and recording the bandwidth and / or packet loss ratio, i.e., calculation cycle is set according to the calculated packet loss rate and bandwidth, recording video and audio packets number of occurrences of packet loss rate range of different video and audio transport stream packet in the number of occurrences of different bandwidth, and the number and the range corresponding to the transmission tag

所述数据收发模块;以及所述计时模块用于根据所述计算周期向所述传输层监测模块发送到时通知。 The data transceiver module; and said timing notification means for transmitting to the monitoring module to the transport layer according to the calculation cycle.

进一步,上述机顶盒还可具有以下特点,传输层监测模块至少包括如下之一:断流事件捕获模块,用于在上报周期内监测并记录视频播放过程中断流次数,并将断流次数发送到数据收发模块;緩冲清空事件捕荻模块,用于在上报周期内监测并记录视频播放过程中緩存清空次数, Further, the STB may have the following characteristics, transport layer monitoring module includes at least one of the following: interrupter event capture module, for monitoring the reporting period and the number of recorded video playback stop, and transmits the data to the cutoff frequency transceiver module; Di buffer empty event capture module for monitoring and recording the video playback number of times within the buffer has a reporting period,

并将緩存清空次数发送到数据收发模块;丟包率计算模块,用于以固定的周期计算丟包率,将丢包率在所属丢包率范围出现的次数累加,并将 And the number of empty buffer transmits data to the transceiver module; loss ratio calculating means for calculating fixed cycle packet loss rate, packet loss rate to the number of packet loss occurring in the frequency range relevant to accumulate, and

丢包率范围的标记以及在相应范围出现的次数同时发送到数据收发模块;以及带宽计算模块,以固定的周期统计计算带宽值,将带宽值在所属带宽范围出现的次数累加,并将带宽范围标记及在该范围出现的次数发送到数据收发模块。 And marking the number of occurrences of packet loss rate in the range corresponding to the range to simultaneously transmit data transceiver module; and a bandwidth calculation module, a fixed cycle statistically calculated bandwidth value, the bandwidth value accumulated in the relevant frequency range of the bandwidth occurs, and bandwidth tag and the transceiver module transmits the data to the frequency range appears.

与现有技术相比,本发明在IPTV机顶盒中内置服务质量监测工具,实时记录相关质量参数,并以一定的时间周期上传到IPTV业务质量监测平台,实现对上传数据的处理、入库、统计分析和报表的生成等。 Compared with the prior art, the IPTV set-top box built-in quality of service monitoring tools related quality parameters in real-time recording, and to a certain period of time to upload IPTV service quality monitoring platform, the process of uploading data, storage, statistics analysis and report generation, etc.. 其中,内置的服务质量监测工具可以由软件方式实现,易于进行监测工具的升级维护,也可以模块化的方式固化在机顶盒中,因此,不仅能有效监测IPTV服务质量,具有较低的实施成本,而且简单易行。 Wherein the built-in quality of service monitoring can be implemented in software tools, monitoring tools easy upgrade and maintenance can be cured in a modular way set-top box, therefore, not only can effectively monitor the quality of IPTV service has lower implementation costs, and easy.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1示出了一种监测IPTV业务服务质量的方法流程图; 图2示出了一种监测IPTV业务服务质量的系统图; 图3为实施例中的机顶盒结构图; 图4为实施例中的参«测模块结构图; FIG 1 shows a flow chart of a method of monitoring quality of service IPTV service; FIG. 2 shows a system diagram of a monitoring service quality of IPTV service; FIG. 3 is a block diagram of a set top box in the embodiment; FIG. 4 is an embodiment reference «sense module configuration diagram;

图5为实施例中的传输层监测模块结构图; FIG 5 is a configuration diagram of a transport layer monitoring module in the embodiment;

图6为实施例中服务质量监测工具内置在机顶盒中的位置示意图。 FIG 6 is a schematic diagram illustrating the position of the quality of service monitoring tools built into the set top box in the embodiment.

具体实施方式 detailed description

图1示出了一种由IPTV业务服务质量监测系统实现监测IPTV业务服务质量的方法,所述IPTV业务服务质量监测系统包括IPTV服务质量监测平台(简称SQMC)和内置质量监测工具(简称T-Agent)的IPTV机顶盒,包括以下步骤: Figure 1 illustrates a method for implementing a service by the IPTV service quality monitoring system for monitoring the quality of service of the IPTV service, the IPTV service comprises a service quality monitoring system to monitor the quality of IPTV service platform (abbreviated SQMC) and built-in quality monitoring means (referred to T- Agent) IPTV box, comprising the steps of:

步骤IIO,由SQMC对机顶盒进行初始配置,所述配置信息包括数据上报周期,即当每次开机时,以及到达设定的周期时长时,启动新的上报周期; The IIO step, the initial configuration of the set top box SQMC, the configuration information includes data reporting period, i.e. when each boot, and duration, start a new reporting cycle reaches a set period;

步骤120,当机顶盒开机后,对IPTV服务质量进行监测并记录, 监测的质量参数至少包括如下之一:传输层质量参数和应用层事件过程 Step 120, after the power set-top box, the IPTV service quality monitoring and recording the quality parameters monitored include at least one of the following: the quality parameters of the transport layer and application layer event procedure

参数; parameter;

应用层事件过程参数至少包括如下之一:事件发生时间、成功/失败、失败原因等。 The application layer event process parameters include at least one of the following: time, success / failure, failure causes of the incident and so on. 可具体记录数据上净艮周期内,组播/点播/EPG请求发生的总次数、失败的次数、失败的时间、失败原因等。 Data may be recorded within the specific period Gen net, multicast / demand / total number of occurrences of the EPG request, the number of failures, the failure time, failure reason and the like.

传输层质量参数至少包括如下之一:带宽、丢包率、断流、緩存清空等,可反映视频播放过程中的图像质量。 Transport layer comprises at least one of the following quality parameters: the bandwidth, packet loss rate, drying up, the buffer has, can reflect the image quality of the video during playback. 可具体记录数据上报周期内,视频播放过程中断流的次数、緩存清空次数、视音频报文在不同丢包率范围的出现次数、视音频报文传输流在不同带宽范围的出现次数。 Recording data within a specific reporting period, the number of interrupting video playback, the number of empty buffer, audio packet loss occurs in the frequency range of different rates, depending on the number of occurrences of the audio transport stream packet in a different range of bandwidth. 其中,丟包率和带宽的计算周期可设(一般为10s),丢包率范围可设(如1/500〜1/1000 、 1/200~1/500 ); 带宽范围可设(如1.4Mbps〜1.6Mbps、 1.2Mbps〜1.4Mbps )。 Wherein, packet loss rate and bandwidth calculation period may be set (typically 10s), the packet loss rate can be set range (e.g., 1 / 500~1 / 1000, 1/200 ~ 1/500); bandwidth range may be provided (e.g., 1.4 Mbps~1.6Mbps, 1.2Mbps~1.4Mbps).

步骤130,在到达数据上报周期时,由机顶盒将记录的质量监测数据经IPTV承载网上传到SQMC。 Step 130, on the arrival of data reporting cycle, the set top box by a quality monitoring data to be recorded by the bearer network IPTV spread SQMC.

一种监测IPTV业务服务质量的系统,如图2所示,包括:IPTV 服务质量监测平台(SQMC)和内置质量监测工具(T-Agent)的IPTV 机顶盒,其中, A method of monitoring quality of service IPTV service system, shown in Figure 2, comprising: IPTV service quality monitoring platform (SQMC) and built-in quality monitoring tool (T-Agent) IPTV box, wherein

SQMC,用于对机顶盒进行初始配置,接收机顶盒上报的质量监测数据,并进行数据的处理、入库、统计分析和报表的生成等; SQMC, set-top boxes for the initial configuration, the receiving quality monitoring data reported by the set top box, and data processing, storage, statistical analysis and report generation and the like;

机顶盒,包括以软件方式内置在其中的质量监测工具(T-Agent), 用于监测并记录传输层质量参数和/或应用层事件过程参数,在到达数据上报周期时,将所述参数经IPTV承载网上传到SQMC。 Set-top box, including the built-in software therein quality monitoring tool (T-Agent), for monitoring and recording quality parameters of the transport layer and / or application layer event process parameters, data reporting period on the arrival, via the parameter IPTV the bearer network spread SQMC.

所述机顶盒记录质量参数,在第一实施例中,所述机顶盒如图3所示,进一步包括: The recording quality parameter set-top box, in the first embodiment, the set top box shown in FIG 3, further comprising:

数据收发模块,用于接收SQMC的配置信息,所述配置信息包括数据上报周期,当每次开机时,以及到达设定的周期时长时,启动新的上报周期;用于将配置信息发送到计时模块,并将参数监测模块上报的质量监测数据经IPTV承载网上传到SQMC; A data transceiver module for receiving SQMC configuration information, the configuration information includes data reporting period, when each boot, and duration, start a new reporting cycle reaches a set period; means for transmitting configuration information to time module, and the parameter reported by the monitoring module quality monitoring data transmitted through the bearer network IPTV SQMC;

参数监测模块,用于监测并记录质量参数,监测的质量参数至少包括如下之一:传输层质量参数和应用层事件过程参数,并根据计时模块的触发将所述质量参数发送到数据收发模块; Parameter monitoring means for monitoring and recording the quality parameters, the quality of the monitored parameters include at least one: the transport layer and application layer quality parameters event process parameters, the quality parameter and to transmit data transceiver module according to the triggering of the timing module;

应用层事件过程参数至少包括如下之一:事件发生时间、成功/失败、失败原因,可具体记录数据上报周期内,組播/点播/EPG请求发生的总次数、失败的次数、失败的时间、失败原因; The application layer event parameter comprises at least one of the following processes: an event occurrence time, success / failure, cause of failure, the data record may be specific reporting cycle, the multicast / demand / total number of occurrences of an EPG request, the number of failures, the failure time, reasons for failure;

传输层质量参数至少包括如下之一:断流、緩存清空等,可反映视频播放过程中的图像质量。 Transport layer comprises at least one of the following quality parameters: cutout, buffer empty, can reflect the image quality of the video during playback. 可具体记录数据上报周期内,视频播放过程中断流的次数、緩存清空次数。 Recording data within a specific reporting period, the number of interrupting video playback, the number of empty buffers.

计时模块,用于根据所述配置信息设置数据上报周期,并在到达数据上报周期时,向参数监测模块发送通知。 Timing means for setting information reporting cycle according to the configuration data, and the data arrives at the reporting cycle, the parameter notification is sent to the monitoring module.

当传输层质量参数包括丟包率和/或带宽时,由于丢包率和/或带宽的计算周期一般与数据上报周期不同,计时模块还向参数监测模块发送 When the transport layer quality parameters include packet loss rate and / or bandwidth, due to the different packet loss rates and / or calculation cycle data bandwidth generally reporting period, the timing module is further transmitted to the monitoring module parameters

通知。 Notice. 其中,丟包率指视音频报文在不同丢包率范围的出现次数,带宽指视音频报文传输流在不同带宽范围的出现次数。 Wherein the audio packet loss rate refers to the number of occurrences of packet loss rate in the range of different audio bandwidth refers to the transport stream packet in the number of occurrences of different bandwidths. 其中,丢包率和带宽的计算周期可设(一般为10s),丢包率范围可设(如1/500~1/1000、 1/200-1/500 ); 带宽范围可设(如1.4Mbps〜1.6Mbps 、 1.2Mbps〜1.4Mbps )。 Wherein, packet loss rate and bandwidth calculation period may be set (typically 10s), the packet loss rate can be set range (e.g., 1/500 to 1/1000, 1 / 200-1 / 500); bandwidth range may be provided (e.g., 1.4 Mbps~1.6Mbps, 1.2Mbps~1.4Mbps).

在第二实施例中,参数监测模块进一步包括:应用层监测模块和/ 或传输层监测模块,图4示出了参数监测模块包括应用层监测模块和传输层监测模块的情况,其中, In the second embodiment, the parameter monitoring module further comprises: an application layer monitoring module and / or transport layer monitoring module, FIG. 4 shows a case where the parameter monitoring module monitoring module includes an application layer and a transport layer monitoring module, wherein,

应用层监测模块,用于记录数据上报周期内,组播/点播/EPG请求发生的总次数、失败的次数、失败时间和/或失败原因,并将所述质量参数发送到数据收发模块; A monitoring module within the application layer for recording data reporting period, multicast / demand / total number of occurrences of the EPG request, the number of failures, the failure time and / or the cause of failure, and the quality parameters to data transceiver module;

传输层监测模块,用于监测并记录数据上报周期内,视频播放过程中断流次数和/或緩存清空次数;用于监测并记录视音频报文在不同丢包率范围的出现次数、视音频报文传输流在不同带宽范围的出现次数, 并将所述质量参数发送到数据收发模块。 Transport layer monitoring module for monitoring the data recording and reporting period, the number of video playback cutout and / or the number of empty buffer; used to monitor and record the video and audio packets in the packet loss frequency and the different frequency ranges, video and audio packets the transport stream packets in the number of occurrences of different bandwidths, and sends the data to the transceiver module quality parameter.

在第三实施例中,如图5所示,示出了传输层监测模块的结构图, 此时,对应于机顶盒只包括传输层监测模块的情况,当然,所述系统还可以包括多个机顶盒,以及所述机顶盒可以进一步包括应用层监测模块,相应地,传输层监测模块进一步包括: In a third embodiment, shown in Figure 5, a block diagram illustrating transport layer monitoring module, in which case, only the set-top box corresponds to the monitoring module includes a transport layer, of course, the system may further comprise a plurality of set top boxes , and the set-top box may further include an application layer monitoring module, respectively, the transport layer monitoring module further comprises:

断流事件捕获模块,用于在上报周期内监测并记录视频播放过程中断流次数,并将断流次数发送到数据收发4莫块; Interrupter event capture module for monitoring and recording the number of times the video playback within the interrupter reporting period, and transmits the data to the cutoff frequency transceiver blocks MO 4;

緩沖清空事件捕获模块,用于在上报周期内监测并记录视频播放过程中緩存清空次数,并将緩存清空次数发送到数据收发模块; Buffer empty event capture module for monitoring and recording the video playback number of times within the buffer has reporting period, and the number of empty buffer transmits data to the transceiver module;

丢包率计算模块,用于以固定的周期计算丟包率,将丟包率在所属 Packet loss rate calculation means for calculating fixed cycle packet loss rate, packet loss rate in the ordinary

丢包率范围出现的次数累加,并将丟包率范围的标记以及在相应范围出现的次数同时发送到数据收发模块; The number of cumulative packet loss rate ranges appear, and marks, and the number of occurrences of packet loss rate in the range corresponding to the range data transceiver module transmits at the same time;

其中,丟包率范围的标记是之前先设定好的,比如,丟包率为0-1/1000时,相应的标记为F2,如果在该丟包率范围内出现的次数为1, 则上报F2, 1。 Wherein the marker packet loss rate before the previously set range is good, for example, when the packet loss rate of 0-1 / 1000, F2 of the corresponding labeled, if present in the number of the packet loss rate in the range of 1, reporting F2, 1. 当丢包率范围有多个时,则同时上报多个丟包率标记以及相应的次数,形如F1, 100; F2, 12; F3, 0; F4, 0; F5, 0。 When a plurality of packet loss rate range, a plurality of packet loss rate and a corresponding number of markers is also reported, shaped like F1, 100; F2, 12; F3, 0; F4, 0; F5, 0.

带宽计算模块,以固定的周期统计计算带宽值,将带宽值在所属带宽范围出现的次数累加,并将带宽范围标记及在该范围出现的次数发送到数据收发模块。 Bandwidth calculation module, a fixed cycle statistically calculated bandwidth value, the bandwidth value appearing in the frequency bandwidth accumulation belongs, and bandwidth and transmission flag to the data number in the range transceiver module appears.

在第四实施例中,为一种机顶盒,用于监测并记录传输层质量参数和/或应用层事件过程参数,在到达数据上报周期时,上报所述质量参 In a fourth embodiment, as a set-top box, for monitoring and recording the quality parameters of the transport layer and / or application layer event process parameters, data reporting the arrival period, reporting the reference mass

数。 number. 其中,所述应用层事件过程参数至少包括如下之一:事件发生时间、成功/失败状态以及失败原因,所述传输层质量参数至少包括如下之一:断流、緩存清空、丟包率以及带宽。 Wherein the application layer event process parameters includes at least one of the following: an event occurrence time, the success / failure reason and failure status, the transport layer comprises at least one of the following quality parameters: cutout, buffer empty, packet loss rate and the bandwidth . 在第五实施例中,机顶盒包括: In the fifth embodiment, the set top box comprising:

数据收发模块,用于接收配置信息,包括数据上报周期,当每次开机时,以及到达设定的周期时长时,启动新的上报周期;用于将配置信息发送到计时模块,接收并上报参数监测模块发送的质量监测数据; A data transceiver module for receiving configuration information, including data reporting period, when each boot, and the arrival of the long period is set, start a new reporting period; means for transmitting to the timing module configuration information, and reports the received parameters monitoring module monitors the quality of data transmission;

参数监测模块,用于监测并记录质量参数,监测的质量参数至少包括如下之一:传输层质量参数和应用层事件过程参数,并根据计时模块的触发将所述质量参数发送到数据收发模块; Parameter monitoring means for monitoring and recording the quality parameters, the quality of the monitored parameters include at least one: the transport layer and application layer quality parameters event process parameters, the quality parameter and to transmit data transceiver module according to the triggering of the timing module;

计时模块,用于根据所述配置信息设置数据上报周期,并在到达数据上报周期时,向参数监测模块发送通知。 Timing means for setting information reporting cycle according to the configuration data, and the data arrives at the reporting cycle, the parameter notification is sent to the monitoring module.

当传输层质量参数包括丢包率和/或带宽时,由于丢包率和/或带宽的计算周期一般与数据上报周期不同,计时模块还向参数监测模块发送通知。 When the transport layer quality parameters include packet loss rate and / or bandwidth, since the loss rate and / or bandwidth calculation cycle generally different data reporting periods, the timing module further transmits a notification to the monitoring module parameters.

在第六实施例中,参数监测模块进一步包括:应用层监测模块和/ 或传输层监测模块,其中, In the sixth embodiment, the parameter monitoring module further comprises: an application layer monitoring module and / or transport layer monitoring module, wherein

应用层监测模块,用于记录数据上报周期内,組播/点播/EPG请求发生的总次数、失败的次数、失败时间和/或失败原因,并将所述质量参数发送到数据收发模块; A monitoring module within the application layer for recording data reporting period, multicast / demand / total number of occurrences of the EPG request, the number of failures, the failure time and / or the cause of failure, and the quality parameters to data transceiver module;

传输层监测模块,用于监测并记录数据上报周期内,视频播放过程中断流次数和/或緩存清空次数;用于监测并记录视音频报文在不同丟包率范围的出现次数、视音频报文传输流在不同带宽范围的出现次数, 并将所述质量参数发送到数据收发模块。 Transport layer monitoring module for monitoring the data recording and reporting period, the number of video playback cutout and / or the number of empty buffer; used to monitor and record the video and audio packets in the packet loss frequency and the different frequency ranges, video and audio packets the transport stream packets in the number of occurrences of different bandwidths, and sends the data to the transceiver module quality parameter.

在第七实施例中,传输层监测模块进一步包括: In the seventh embodiment, the transport layer monitoring module further comprises:

断流事件捕获模块,用于在上报周期内监测并记录视频播放过程中断流次数,并将断流次数发送到数据收发;R块; Interrupter event capture module for monitoring and recording the number of times the video playback within the interrupter reporting period, and transmits the data to the cutoff frequency transceiver; R & lt block;

緩冲清空事件捕获模块,用于在上报周期内监测并记录视频播放过 Buffer empty event capture module, for monitoring the reporting period and the video recording played

程中緩存清空次数,并将緩存清空次数发送到数据收发模块; Cache clear process number, and the number of empty buffer transmits data to the transceiver module;

丢包率计算模块,用于以固定的周期计算丢包率,将丢包率在所属 Packet loss rate calculation means for calculating fixed cycle packet loss rate, packet loss rate in the ordinary

丢包率范围出现的次数累加,并将丢包率范围的标记以及在相应范围出 The number of cumulative packet loss rate ranges appear, and the packet loss rate in the range of markers and the respective range

现的次数同时发送到数据收发模块; Now the number of simultaneously transmitted to the data transceiver module;

带宽计算模块,以固定的周期统计计算带宽值,将带宽值在所属带 Bandwidth calculation module, a fixed cycle statistically calculated bandwidth value, the bandwidth value belongs with

宽范围出现的次数累加,并将带宽范围标记及在该范围出现的次数发送 Wide number of accumulated occurrence, and transmits the bandwidth and the number of occurrences of the tag in the range

到数据收发模块。 A data transceiver module.

在笫八实施例中,IPTV机顶盒内置服务质量监测工具在机顶盒中 In an embodiment, eight in the sleeping mat, IPTV set-top box built-in quality of service monitoring tool set-top box

的位置如图6所示,该工具监测两个部位的质量参数:l)位于操作系 Position shown in FIG. 6, the tool monitor the quality parameters of the two parts: l) in the operating system

统和A/V播放器之间的,监测传输层质量参数;2)位于A/V播放器和 Monitoring the quality parameter between the transport layer and the system A / V player; 2) located A / V player and

浏览器之上的,监测事件过程,事件是指单播请求、组播加入和EPG On the browser process to monitor events, event is a unicast request to join the multicast and EPG

请求等。 Requests, etc.

本发明在机顶盒中直接内置监测工具,通过软件升级的方法,在机顶盒内实现服务质量监测。 The present invention is directed to a built-in monitoring tool set-top box, by means of software upgrades, to monitor the quality of service achieved in the set top box. 不仅更便利,而且具有较低成本。 Not only more convenient, but also has a lower cost.

Claims (13)

1.一种监测IPTV业务服务质量的方法,由IPTV业务服务质量监测系统实现服务质量监测,所述IPTV业务服务质量监测系统包括IPTV服务质量监测平台和内置质量监测工具的IPTV机顶盒,包括: (1)由IPTV服务质量监测平台对机顶盒进行初始配置,所述配置信息包括数据上报周期,即当每次开机时,以及到达设定的周期时长时,启动新的上报周期; (2)由机顶盒监测并记录接收到的数据流的IPTV服务质量参数,所述质量参数至少包括如下之一:传输层质量参数和应用层事件过程参数;以及(3)在到达数据上报周期时,由机顶盒将记录的质量监测数据经IPTV承载网上传到IPTV服务质量监测平台。 An IPTV service quality monitoring method implemented by the IPTV service quality monitoring system for monitoring service quality of service, the IPTV service IPTV service quality monitoring system comprises a built-in quality of service quality monitoring and monitoring platform IPTV STB tool, comprising: ( 1) monitor the quality of service by the IPTV set-top box platform initial configuration, the configuration information includes data reporting period, i.e. when each boot, and duration, start a new reporting cycle reaches a set period; (2) by the set-top box monitor and record IPTV quality of service parameters of the received data stream, the quality parameter includes at least one of the following: the quality parameters of the transport layer and application layer event process parameters; and (3) the arrival of data reporting period, a set-top box the recording quality monitoring data transmitted via IPTV bearer network IPTV service quality monitoring platform.
2. 如权利要求1所述监测IPTV业务服务质量的方法,步骤(2 )中包括:所述应用层事件过程参数至少包括如下之一:事件发生时间、成功/失败、失败原因,由机顶盒记录数据上报周期内,组播/点播/EPG请求发生的总次数、失败的次数、失败的时间、失败原因;和/或所述传输层质量参数至少包括如下之一:断流、緩存清空,由机顶盒记录数据上报周期内,视频播放过程中断流的次数、緩存清空次数。 A set top box event recording time, success / failure, the cause of failure: a method of monitoring as claimed IPTV service quality of Claim 1, Step (2) comprises: the application layer event process parameters include at least one the reporting cycle data, multicast / demand / total number of occurrences of the EPG request, the number of failures, the failure time, the cause of failure; and / or said transport layer comprises at least one of the following quality parameters: interrupter, the buffer has, by the STB records the data reporting period, the number of interrupting video playback, the cache emptying times.
3. 如权利要求1所述监测IPTV业务服务质量的方法,步骤(2 )包括:所述传输层质量参数至少包括如下之一:带宽、丢包率,由机顶盒记录计算周期内,视音频报文在不同丢包率范围的出现次数、视音频报文传输流在不同带宽范围的出现次数。 1 3. The IPTV service quality monitoring method as claimed in claim Step (2) comprises: said transport layer comprises at least one of the following quality parameters: the bandwidth, packet loss ratio, calculated by the recording period set top box, video and audio packets above in the number of occurrences of packet loss rate range of different video and audio transport stream packet in the number of occurrences of a range of different bandwidths.
4. 一种监测IPTV业务服务质量的系统,包括:IPTV服务质量监测平台和内置质量监测工具的机顶盒,所述机顶盒包括:数据收发模块,参«测模块和计时模块,其中,IPTV服务质量监测平台,用于对机顶盒进行初始配置,所述配置信息包括数据上报周期,即当每次开机时,以及到达设定的周期时长时,启动新的上报周期,并接收由机顶盒上报的质量监测数据;数据收发模块,用于接收IPTV服务质量监测平台的配置信息,所述配置信息包括数据上报周期;用于将配置信息发送到计时模块,并将参数监测模块上报的质量监测数据经IPTV承载网上传到IPTV服务质量监测平台;参数监测模块,用于监测并记录所述质量参数,至少包括如下之一:传输层质量参数和应用层事件过程参数,并根据计时模块的触发将所述质量参数发送到数据收发模块;以及计时模块,用于 4. A method of monitoring quality of service IPTV service system, comprising: IPTV service quality monitoring, and built-in internet quality monitoring tool set-top box, the set-top box comprising: a data transceiver module, the reference «sensing module and a timing module, wherein, to monitor the quality of service IPTV platform for initial configuration of the set top box, the configuration information includes data reporting period, i.e. when each boot, and duration, start a new reporting cycle reaches a set period, and the reception quality monitoring data reported by the set-top box ; data transceiver module, for receiving configuration information for monitoring the quality of the IPTV service platform, the configuration information includes data reporting period; means for sending configuration information to the timer module, and data quality monitoring module is monitored parameter reported by bearer network IPTV upload IPTV service quality monitoring internet; parameter monitoring module for monitoring and recording the quality parameters include at least one of the following: the quality parameters of the transport layer and application layer event process parameters, and based on the trigger timing of the quality parameter module transceiver module to send data; and a timing module configured to 据所述配置信息设置数据上报周期,并在到达数据上报周期时,向参数监测模块发送通知。 According to the configuration information when reporting period setting data, and the data reaches the reporting period, send a notification to the monitoring module parameters.
5. 如权利要求4所述监测IPTV业务服务质量的系统,其中: 所述应用层事件过程参数至少包括如下之一:事件发生时间、成功/失败状态以及失败原因,所述传输层质量参数至少包括如下之一:断流、緩存清空、丟包率以及带宽,并在到达数据上报周期时,将所述参数经IPTV承载网上传到IPTV服务质量监测平台。 5. The monitoring service quality of IPTV service system of claim 4, wherein: the application layer event parameter comprises at least one of the following processes: an event occurrence time, the success / failure status and cause of failure, at least a quality parameter of the transport layer comprising one of the following: stop, buffer empty, packet loss rate, and bandwidth, and reaches the data reporting cycle, the parameters passed to the bearer network via IPTV IPTV service quality monitoring internet.
6. 如权利要求5所述监测IPTV业务服务质量的系统,参数监测模块还包括:应用层监测模块,用于记录数据上报周期内,组播/点播/EPG请求发生的总次数、失败的次数、失败时间和/或失败原因,并将所述质量参数发送到所述数据收发模块;和/或传输层监测模块,用于监测并记录数据上报周期内,视频播放过程中断流次数和/或緩存清空次数,并将所述质量参数发送到所述数据收发模块。 Monitoring the number of failures of the application layer module, for the recording data reporting period, multicast / demand / total number of occurrences of an EPG request: as claimed IPTV service quality of service monitoring system of claim 5, further comprising a monitoring module parameters , time to failure, and / or the cause of failure, and the quality parameter to said data transceiver module; and / or transport layer monitoring module for monitoring the data recording and reporting period, the number of video playback cutout and / or the number of empty buffers, and the quality parameter data transmitted to the transceiver module.
7. 如权利要求6所述监测IPTV业务月l务质量的系统,其中: 所述传输层监测模块还用于监测并记录带宽和/或丢包率,即按设定的计算周期计算丟包率和带宽,记录视音频报文在不同丟包率范围的出现次数、视音频报文传输流在不同带宽范围的出现次数,并将所述次数以及对应的范围标记发送到所述数据收发才莫块;以及所述计时模块还用于根据所述计算周期向所述传输层监测模块发送到时通知。 7. May l IPTV service monitoring quality of service system as claimed in claim 6, wherein: said transport layer further monitoring module for monitoring and recording the bandwidth and / or packet loss ratio, i.e., by setting the calculated packet loss calculation cycle and bandwidth, recording audio packet loss occurs in the frequency range of different rates, depending on the audio transport stream packet in the number of occurrences of different bandwidth, and the number and range marker corresponding to the data transceiver transmits only MO block; and said timing module is further configured to send notification to the transport layer monitoring module based on the calculated period.
8. 如权利要求7所述监测IPTV业务服务质量的系统,传输层监测模块还至少包括如下之一:断流事件捕获模块,用于在上报周期内监测并记录视频播放过程中断流次数,并将断流次数发送到数据收发^^莫块;緩冲清空事件捕获模块,用于在上报周期内监测并记录视频播放过程中緩存清空次数,并将緩存清空次数发送到数据收发模块;丟包率计算模块,用于以固定的周期计算丟包率,将丢包率在所属丟包率范围出现的次数累加,并将丟包率范围的标记以及在相应范围出现的次数同时发送到数据收发模块;以及带宽计算模块,以固定的周期统计计算带宽值,将带宽值在所属带宽范围出现的次数累加,并将带宽范围标记及在该范围出现的次数发送到数据收发模块。 8. The monitoring service quality of IPTV service system as claimed in claim 7, the transport layer monitoring module further comprises at least one of the following: interrupter event capture module, for monitoring the reporting period and the number of recorded video playback stop, and the transceiver transmits data to the cutoff frequency block ^^ Mo; buffer empty event capture module, for monitoring the reporting period and the number of empty recording buffer during video playback, and sends the data to the number of empty buffer transceiver module; loss rate calculation means for calculating a fixed packet loss period, the packet loss rate occurring at times relevant to the scope of the accumulated packet loss rate, and transmits the flag and the number of simultaneous occurrence of the packet loss rate in the range corresponding to the range of the data transceiver module; and a bandwidth calculation module, a fixed cycle statistically calculated bandwidth value, the bandwidth value accumulated in the relevant frequency range of the bandwidth occurs, and the transmission bandwidth and the number of occurrences of the tag in the range of the data transceiver module.
9. 一种机顶盒,包括:数据收发模块,用于接收IPTV服务质量监测平台的配置信息,所述配置信息包括数据上报周期;用于将配置信息发送到计时模块,并将参数监测模块上报的质量监测数据经IPTV承载网上传到IPTV服务质量监测平台;参数监测模块,用于监测并记录质量参数,监测的质量参数至少包括如下之一:传输层质量参数和应用层事件过程参数,并根据计时模块的触发将所述质量参数发送到数据收发模块;以及计时模块,用于根据所述配置信息设置数据上报周期,并在到达数据上报周期时,向参数监测模块发送通知。 A set-top box, comprising: a data transceiver module, configured for receiving the IPTV service quality monitoring information platform, the configuration information includes data reporting period; means for sending configuration information to the timing module, the monitoring and reporting parameter module quality monitoring data transmitted through the bearer network IPTV IPTV service quality monitoring internet; parameter monitoring module for monitoring and recording the quality parameters, the quality of the monitored parameters include at least one: the transport layer and application layer quality parameters event process parameters, and in accordance with trigger timing module to send the quality parameter data transceiver module; and a timing means for setting data when the information reporting period, and reporting cycle arriving data, sending a notification to the monitoring module according to the configuration parameters.
10. 如权利要求9所述机顶盒,其中:所述应用层事件过程参数至少包括如下之一:事件发生时间、成功/失败状态以及失败原因,所述传输层质量参数至少包括如下之一:断流、緩存清空、丟包率以及带宽。 10. The top box as claimed in claim 9, wherein: the application layer event parameter comprises at least one of the following processes: an event occurrence time, the success / failure reason and failure status, the transport layer comprises at least one of the following quality parameters: off flow, empty the cache, packet loss rate and bandwidth.
11. 如权利要求10所述机顶盒,参数监测模块包括: 应用层监测模块,用于记录数据上报周期内,组播/点播/EPG请求发生的总次数、失败的次数、失败时间和/或失败原因,并将所述质量参lt^送到数据M模块;和/或传输层监测模块,用于监测并记录数据上报周期内,视频播放过程中断流次数和/或緩存清空次数,并将所述质量参数发送到所述数据收发模块。 11. The top box as claimed in claim 10, the parameter monitoring module comprising: monitoring an application layer module, for the recording data reporting period, multicast / demand / total number of occurrences of an EPG request, the number of failures, the failure time and / or failure reasons, the quality and the reference to the data lt ^ M module; and / or transport layer monitoring module for monitoring the data recording and reporting period, the number of video playback cutout and / or the number of empty buffers, and the said quality parameter data transmitted to the transceiver module.
12. 如权利要求11所述机顶盒,其中:所述传输层监测模块还用于监测并记录带宽和/或丟包率,即按设定的计算周期计算丢包率和带宽,记录视音频报文在不同丟包率范围的出现次数、视音频报文传输流在不同带宽范围的出现次数,并将所述次数以及对应的范围标记发送到所述数据收发模块;以及所述计时模块用于根据所述计算周期向所述传输层监测模块发送到时通知。 12. The top box as claimed in claim 11, wherein: said transport layer further monitoring module for monitoring and recording the bandwidth and / or packet loss ratio, i.e., calculation cycle is set according to the calculated packet loss rate and bandwidth, recording video and audio packets above in the number of occurrences of packet loss rate range of different video and audio transport stream packet in the number of occurrences of different bandwidth, and the number and range marker corresponding to said data transceiver module; and said timing means for notification is sent to the monitoring module to the transport layer according to the calculation cycle.
13. 如权利要求12所述机顶盒,传输层监测模块至少包括如下之断流事件捕获模块,用于在上报周期内监测并记录视频播放过程中断流次数,并将断流次数发送到数据收发模块;緩冲清空事件捕获模块,用于在上报周期内监测并记录视频播放过程中緩存清空次数,并将緩存清空次数发送到数据收发模块;丢包率计算模块,用于以固定的周期计算丢包率,将丟包率在所属丢包率范围出现的次数累加,并将丟包率范围的标记以及在相应范围出现的次数同时发送到数据收发模块;以及带宽计算模块,以固定的周期统计计算带宽值,将带宽值在所属带宽范围出现的次数累加,并将带宽范围标记及在该范围出现的次数发送到数据收发模块。 13. The top box as claimed in claim 12, the transport layer monitoring module includes at least the following interrupter event capture module, for monitoring the reporting period and the number of recorded video playback stop, and transmits the data to the cutoff frequency transceiver module ; buffer empty event capture module configured to monitor the reporting period and the number of empty recording buffer during video playback, and sends the data to the buffer has frequency transceiver module; loss ratio calculating means for calculating fixed cycle lost packet rate, packet loss rate in the frequency range relevant to the packet loss rate of accumulation occurs, and mark, and the number of occurrences of packet loss rate in the range corresponding to the range data transceiver module transmits at the same time; and a bandwidth calculation module, a fixed cycle statistics calculated bandwidth value, the bandwidth value in the relevant frequency bandwidth accumulation occurs, and transmits the bandwidth and the number of occurrences of the tag in the range of the data transceiver module.
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