CN101127533B - Star, mesh and point-to-point integrated satellite communication device - Google Patents

Star, mesh and point-to-point integrated satellite communication device Download PDF

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CN101127533B
CN101127533B CN 200710131489 CN200710131489A CN101127533B CN 101127533 B CN101127533 B CN 101127533B CN 200710131489 CN200710131489 CN 200710131489 CN 200710131489 A CN200710131489 A CN 200710131489A CN 101127533 B CN101127533 B CN 101127533B
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communication
device
satellite
point
connected
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CN 200710131489
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CN101127533A (en )
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宋小冬
沈晓东
颜成宝
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南京中网通信有限公司
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a stellar, reticular, point-to-point integrated satellite communication device, in particular to a satellite communication device, which integrates stellar, reticular, andpoint-to-point communication functions. In the device, an LAN (local area network) communication device (5) is separately connected with a first satellite communication device (3), a second satellitecommunication device (4), and an LAN signal communication terminal (8); a satellite signal input terminal (6) is connected with a branching unit (2) the output terminals of which are respectively connected with the input terminals of the first satellite communication device (3) and the second satellite communication device (4); a satellite signal output terminal (7) is connected with a signal mixer (1), the input terminal of which is respectively connected with the output terminals of the first satellite communication device (3) and the second satellite communication device (4); wherein, thefirst satellite communication device (3) supports point-to-point or network communications while the second satellite communication device (4) supports the stellar networks.

Description

星状、网状、点对点一体化卫星通信装置 Star, mesh, point-integrated satellite communication apparatus

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种综合了星状、网状、点对点通信功能的卫星通信装置,属于卫星通 [0001] The present invention relates to a combination of star, mesh point communication function satellite communication apparatus belonging to satellite communication

信技术领域。 ICT field. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着政府、行业及民用应急通信市场需求迅速上升,卫星通信装置的需求量不断增加,但目前市场上使用较多的卫星通信装置存在如下不足:支持星状通信的卫星通信装置成本低、可即开即用,但通信链路的时延长、其带宽较低;支持点对点通信的卫星通信装置的通信带宽高,但不能即开即用,且终端成本高;支持网状网通信的卫星通信装置通信带宽高,多终端可互联互通,但无法即开即用,同时通信终端数少、系统使用成本高。 [0002] As the government, industry and civil emergency communications market demand rising rapidly, the demand for satellite communication devices is increasing, but there is a shortage on the market currently using more satellite communication devices: the cost of satellite communication device supports communication star low, ready to use, but the extension of the communication link, low bandwidth; high communication bandwidth satellite communications device supporting peer communication, it is not ready to use, and the high cost of the terminal; mesh network communication support satellite communication means for communicating high-bandwidth multi-terminal may be interconnected, but not ready to use, while a small number of communication terminals, high system cost. 因此,研发出具有星状、点对点、网状的卫星通信装置已成为卫星通信民用化发展的必然趋势。 Therefore, developed with a star, point-to-satellite communications network device has become an inevitable trend in the development of civilian satellite communications.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 技术问题:本发明的目的是提供一种可实现支持星状、点对点、网状的卫星通信装置。 [0003] Technical Problem: The purpose of the present invention is to provide an implement support star, point, mesh satellite communication apparatus.

[0004] 技术方案:本发明采用如下技术方案来解决其技术问题: [0004] Technical Solution: The present invention adopts the following technical solution to solve the technical problem:

[0005] 本发明即一种卫星通信装置,它包括第一卫星通信装置、第二卫星通信装置、局域网络通信设备、卫星信号输入端、卫星信号输出端、局域网信号通信端以及其它连接电路组成,其它连接电路包括信号合路器、信号分路器、以及信号连接电缆。 [0005] The present invention, that is, a satellite communication apparatus comprising a first satellite communication apparatus, the second satellite communication apparatus, a local area network communication device, a satellite signal input terminal, the satellite signal output terminal, and other end of the LAN signal communication circuit connection other connection circuit includes a signal combiner, signal splitter, and a signal cable. 其中第一卫星通信装置为支持点对点或网状通信的通信装置、第二卫星通信装置为支持星状网的的通信装置。 Wherein the first communications device to support communications satellite point or mesh communication device, the second communication satellite communication device is a device supporting a star network. [0006] 卫星信号室外单元输入信号通过卫星信号输入端(即:信号合路器的输入端)接入至信号分路器的输入端,并将信号分路器的输出端分别接到第一卫星通信装置的卫星信号输入端以及第二卫星通信装置的卫星信号输入端;第一卫星通信装置的卫星信号输出端以及第二卫星通信装置的卫星信号输出端将接入信号合路器的输入端,再由信号合路器的输出端(即:卫星通信装置的输出端)与卫星室外单元连接;将第一卫星通信装置的网络接口连接到局域网络通信设备的网络接口;将第二卫星通信装置的网络接口也连接到局域网络通信设备的另一个网络接口;将局域网络通信设备的网络接口作为卫星通信装置的网络连接端提供给需要进行卫星通信的设备使用。 [0006] satellite signal from the outdoor unit input signals through a satellite signal input terminal (i.e.: a signal combiner input terminal) to access input signal splitter, the signal splitter and the output terminal are respectively connected to a first a satellite signal input terminal of a satellite signal input terminal and a second satellite communication satellite communication device; a first output terminal of the satellite signal satellite communication apparatus and the second output terminal of the satellite signal satellite communication unit access the input signal of the combiner side, then the output of the signal combiner (ie: output of the satellite communication) satellite outdoor unit is connected; connecting a first satellite communication network interface to a network interface device local area network communications device; a second satellite communications network interface device is also connected to local network interface to another network communication device; local area network interface is provided to the network communication device is required to use the device as a satellite communication network connection terminal satellite communication apparatus.

[0007] 当卫星通信天线对好卫星后,第二卫星通信装置可以卫星的星状网通信信号,通过TDMA或MF-TDMA等方式实现与星状通信方式的卫星地球主站进行通信,建立本卫星通信装置与卫星地球主站的通信链路,同时可与该地球主站的星状网络内的其它卫星通信装置进行星状通信,从而实现卫星通信链路的即开即通;当卫星通信装置因通信需要大幅度增加带宽,使星状网络的通信带宽(通常是2Mbps以内)无法满足使用需求时,操作者可以使用电脑(或其它类似设备)通过卫星通信装置的局域网通信接口配置并激活第一卫星通信装置的通信功能,或通过星状卫星地球主站的网络管理功能激活第一卫星通信装置,从而实现从星状网络通信到网状(或点对点)通信的快速切换,此时,星状网络通信可以根据用户的需要,确定是否同时保持通信状态或不保持通信状 [0007] When the satellite communication antenna of the satellite is good, the second means may be satellite communication network communication signals from the satellite's star, is achieved by MF-TDMA or TDMA, etc. to communicate with the satellite earth station main star communication mode, establishing the present satellite communication device and the communication link of the satellite earth station master, while the other may be star communication satellite communication devices in the star network master earth station, which means that in order to achieve through a satellite communication link; and when satellite communication when the communication apparatus due to the need for a substantial increase in the bandwidth, so a star network communication bandwidth (typically less 2Mbps) can not meet the needs, the operator can use the computer (or other similar device) configured and activated via the LAN communication interface of the satellite communication apparatus a first communication function of a satellite communication device, or by activation of stellate satellite earth station main network management functions of the first satellite communication apparatus, in order to achieve fast switching from a star to the mesh communication network (or peer to peer) communications, in which case, star network communication may be based on user needs, while maintaining the communication state is determined whether or not the communication state holding ;当建立通信链路后,本装置中的二种不同通信模式的卫星通信设备均通过局域网络通信设备为接于通信输出端的其它需要通信的设备提供通信链路接入服务。 ; When establishing a communication link, two different communication modes of satellite communication devices are present device provides a communication link to access other devices connected to the communication need to communicate via a local area network output terminal communication device.

[0008] 当不需要网状或点对点通信时,操作者可以使用电脑(或其它类似设备)通过卫 [0008] When no mesh or point to point communication, the operator can use the computer (or other similar device) via the satellite

星通信装置的局域网通信通信接口配置并关闭第一卫星通信装置的通信功能,或通过星状 LAN communication interface configured satellite communication apparatus and the first communication function off satellite communication device, or by a star

卫星地球主站的网络管理功能关闭第一卫星通信装置,从而实现从网状(或点对点)通信 Network management function of the satellite earth station main closing the first satellite communication apparatus, thereby realizing the communication from the web (or point)

到星状网络通信的快速回切;在上述任何一个通信状态下,操作者可通过直接操作卫星通 Star communication network to quickly cut back; a communication state in any of the above, an operator can direct operation of satellite communication

信装置进行关闭,也可远程遥控卫星通信装置进行关闭。 Closed channel means, satellite communication may be remote control means off.

[0009] 有益效果:与现有技术相比较,本发明具有如下的优点。 [0009] The beneficial effects: Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages.

[0010] 1.本发明中设有第二卫星通信装置,具有即开即用的通信特点,有利于满足即开即用的卫星通信方式。 [0010] 1. The present invention is provided with a second satellite communication apparatus having communication means that the use of features, help meet that the use of satellite communication.

[0011] 2.本发明中提供的对于点对点、网状通信方式的远程配置功能,大大降低了卫星通信装置操作手的技术要求,有利于应急通信保障的实施。 [0011] 2. The present invention provides for a point, mesh communication mode remote configuration, greatly reduces the technical requirements of satellite communication apparatus operator, facilitate the implementation of the emergency communication support.

[0012] 3.本发明利用了现有的星状卫星通信网,不需进行大规模的卫星系统改造,即可实现支持星状、点对点、网状的卫星通信,有利于充分利用与保护原有投资,节省投资成本。 [0012] 3. The present invention takes advantage of existing star satellite communication network, a satellite system without large-scale transformation can be realized support star, point-to-satellite communications mesh, and help make full use of the original Protection investment, reduce investment costs.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0013] 图1是本发明的结构示意图。 [0013] FIG. 1 is a structural diagram of the present invention.

[0014] 其中:信号合路器1、信号分路器2、第一卫星通信装置3、第二卫星通信装置4、局域网络通信设备5、卫星信号输入端6、卫星信号输出端7、局域网信号通信端8。 [0014] wherein: a signal combiner, the signal splitter 2, a first satellite communication apparatus 3, the second satellite communication means 4, 5 LAN communication device, a satellite signal input terminal 6, the satellite signal output terminal 7, a local area network 8 signal communication terminal.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0015] 本发明的星状、网状、点对点一体化卫星通信装置:将卫星信号室外单元输入信号通过卫星信号输入端(6)接入至型号为Jefferson 420P的信号分路器(2)输入端,并将信号分路器(2)的输出端分别接到型号为CDM-570L卫星网状网络与点对点通信终端(3)的卫星信号输入端以及型号为EMSSAT 4100卫星星状网络通信终端(4)的卫星信号输入端;型号为CDM-570L通信终端(3)的卫星信号输出端以及型号为EMSSAT 4100卫星星状网络通信终端(4)的卫星信号输出端将接入型号为JEFFERSON 420P信号合路器(1)的输入端,再由型号为JEFFERSON 420P信号合路器(1)的输出端(7)(即:卫星通信装置的输出端)与卫星室外单元连接;将型号为CDM-570L卫星网状网络与点对点通信终端(3)的网络接口连接到型号为TP-LINK TL-SF2005局域网络通信设备(5)的网络接口;将型号为EMSSAT4100卫星星状网络通信终 [0015] star, mesh of the present invention, an integrated point-satellite communication means: the satellite signal incoming signals to the outdoor unit through a satellite signal input terminal (6) to model Jefferson 420P signal splitter (2) Input output side, and the signal splitter (2), respectively, to model CDM-570L mesh satellite network and point to point communication terminal (3) and the satellite signal input terminal EMSSAT 4100 model star network of satellite communication terminals ( 4) the satellite signal input terminal; model CDM-570L communication terminal (3) and the satellite signal output terminal EMSSAT 4100 model star network satellite communication terminal (4) of the satellite signal to the output terminal of the access type signal JEFFERSON 420P combiner (1) is input, then the model JEFFERSON 420P signal combiner (1) an output terminal (7) (ie: output of the satellite communication) satellite outdoor unit is connected; and model CDM- 570L mesh satellite network and point to point communication terminal (3) connected to the network interface model TP-LINK TL-SF2005 local network communication device (5) is a network interface; a star network communication satellite final model EMSSAT4100 (4)的网络接口也连接到局域网络通信设备(5)的另一个网络接口;将型号为TP-LINK TL-SF2005局域网络通信设备(5)的网络接口作为卫星通信装置的网络连接端(8)提供给需要进行卫星通信的设备使用。 (4) the network interface is also connected to a local network communication device (5) of another network interface; the model TP-LINK TL-SF2005 LAN communication device (5) connected to a network interface as a network terminal of a satellite communication apparatus ( 8) to the equipment requiring the use of satellite communications.

[0016] 当卫星通信天线对好卫星后,型号为EMSSAT 4100卫星通信装置(4)可以卫星的星状网通信信号,通过MF-TDMA方式实现144Kbps至2Mbps的星状卫星通信,建立本卫星通信装置与型号为Alcatel9780卫星地球主站的通信链路,同时可与该地球主站的星状网络内的进行星状通信,从而实现卫星通信链路的即开即通;当型号为EMSSAT 4100卫星通信装置的星状通信不能满足通信需要,必须使用4Mbps的带宽时,操作者可以使用电脑 [0016] When the satellite communication antenna of the satellite is good, the model (4) may be a star network communication signals to satellite communication apparatus 4100 EMSSAT satellite, to realize star 144Kbps to 2Mbps satellite communication through MF-TDMA embodiment, the present satellite communication establishing means a communication link with a model Alcatel9780 satellite earth master station may be simultaneously within the star communication network star master earth station, enabling a satellite communications link, i.e., i.e., the through opening; model when a satellite EMSSAT 4100 star communication when the communication device does not meet the communication needs, bandwidth must 4Mbps, the operator can use the computer

4(或其它类似设备)通过卫星通信装置的TP-LINKTL-SF2005局域网通信接口配置并激活CDM-570L卫星网状网络与点对点通信终端(3)的通信功能,或通过Alcatel9780星状卫星地球主站的网络管理功能激活CDM-570L卫星网状网络与点对点通信终端(3),从而实现从EMSSAT 4100卫星通信装置到CDM-570L通信终端通信的快速切换,此时,型号为EMSSAT 4100卫星通信装置可以根据用户的需要,确定是否同时保持通信状态或不保持通信状态; 当建立通信链路后,本装置中的EMSSAT 4100卫星通信装置到CDM-570L通信终端均通过TP-LINK TL-SF2005局域网络通信设备(5)为接于通信输出端(8)的其它需要通信的设备提供通信链路接入服务; 4 (or other similar device) configured and activated CDM-570L mesh satellite network and point to point communication terminal (3) via a communication function TP-LINKTL-SF2005 LAN communication interface of the satellite communication device, or by a master satellite earth station stellate Alcatel9780 network management function is activated CDM-570L mesh satellite network and point to point communication terminal (3), in order to achieve the EMSSAT 4100 satellite communication terminal to quickly switch communications to communicate CDM-570L, time, type of satellite communication devices may EMSSAT 4100 based on user needs, while maintaining the communication state is determined whether or not the communication state remains; when establishing a communication link, this means EMSSAT 4100 to the satellite communication apparatus are communication terminals CDM-570L by TP-lINK TL-SF2005 local area network communication device (5) provides a communication link to access other devices connected to the communication need to communicate an output terminal (8);

[0017] 当不需要网状或点对点通信时,操作者可以使用个人电脑通过本发明的卫星通信装置所提供的局域网通信通信接口,配置并关闭CDM-570L卫星网状网络与点对点通信终端(3)的通信功能,也可以通过Alcatel9780星状卫星地球主站的网络管理功能,通过卫星通信链路EMSSAT 4100卫星通信装置、以及TP-LINK TL-SF2005局域网通信交换机,关闭CDM-570L网状(或点对点)第一卫星通信装置(3),从而实现从网状(或点对点)通信到星状网络通信的快速回切;在上述任何一个通信状态下,操作者可通过直接操作卫星通信装置进行关闭,也可远程遥控卫星通信装置进行关闭。 [0017] When no mesh or point to point communication, the operator can use the LAN communication interface PC via satellite communication apparatus according to the present invention is provided, and arranged close CDM-570L mesh with the satellite communication terminal point (3 ) communication function, can also Alcatel9780 star earth satellite network management functions of the master station, a satellite communication link through a satellite communication apparatus EMSSAT 4100, and TP-lINK TL-SF2005 LAN communications switch, close the CDM-570L mesh (or point) means a first communication satellite (3), enabling rapid cut from the web back (or point to point) communication to a star network communication; a communication state at any of the above, the operator can be closed by directly operating the satellite communication device , satellite communication may be remote control means off.

Claims (4)

  1. 一种星状、网状、点对点一体化卫星通信装置,其特征在于该装置主要包括信号合路器(1)、信号分路器(2)、第一卫星通信装置(3)、第二卫星通信装置(4)、局域网络通信设备(5),其中,局域网络通信设备(5)分别与第一卫星通信装置(3)、第二卫星通信装置(4)、局域网信号通信端(8)相连接,卫星信号输入端(6)接信号分路器(2),信号分路器(2)的输出端分别接第一卫星通信装置(3)、第二卫星通信装置(4)的输入端;卫星信号输出端(7)接信号合路器(1),信号合路器(1)的输入端分别接第一卫星通信装置(3)、第二卫星通信装置(4)的输出端;其中第一卫星通信装置(3)为支持点对点或网状通信的通信装置,第二卫星通信装置(4)为支持星状网的的通信装置。 One kind of star, mesh, point-integrated satellite communication apparatus, wherein the apparatus includes a signal combiner (1), a signal splitter (2), (3), the second satellite of the first satellite communication unit communication means (4), a local area network communication device (5), wherein the local area network communication device (5) with the first communication satellite means (3), the second satellite communication means (4), the LAN signal communication terminal (8) connected to a satellite signal input terminal (6) connected to the output of signal splitter (2), a signal splitter (2) are respectively connected to a first satellite communication means (3), a second input satellite communication means (4) end; satellite signal input terminal output terminal (7) connected to a signal combiner (1), the signal combiner (1) are respectively connected to a first satellite communication means (3), the output of the second satellite communication means (4) ; wherein the first satellite communication means (3) to support communications device or mesh peer communication, the second communication satellite means (4) to support the communication device of star network.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的星状、网状、点对点一体化卫星通信装置,其特征在于局域网络通信设备(5)分别通过局域网络线与第一卫星通信装置(3)和第二卫星通信装置(4)的局域网端口相联。 According to claim 1 star, mesh, point-integrated satellite communication apparatus, characterized in that the local area network communication device (5), respectively, via local area network line and the first satellite communication means (3) and a second satellite communication means (4) associated LAN port.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的星状、网状、点对点一体化卫星通信装置,其特征在于信号分路器(2)的输出端分别通过同轴电缆与第一卫星通信装置(3)和第二卫星通信装置(4)的卫星信号输入端相联。 According to claim 1 star, mesh, point-integrated satellite communication apparatus, characterized in that the output of the signal splitter (2) via a coaxial cable, respectively, a first satellite communication means (3) and the second satellite signal satellite communication means (4) with the input terminal.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求1所述的星状、网状、点对点一体化卫星通信装置,其特征在于信号合路器(1)的输入端分别通过同轴电缆与第一卫星通信装置(3)和第二卫星通信装置(4)的卫星信号输出端相联。 According to claim 1 star, mesh, point-integrated satellite communication apparatus, characterized in that the input signal combination (1) via a coaxial cable, respectively, a first satellite communication means (3) and satellite communication satellite signal output of the second means (4) with the end.
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CN201114056Y (en) 2007-08-31 2008-09-10 南京中网通信有限公司 Satellite communications device capable of accomplishing various mode transmission

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CN2567878Y (en) 2002-09-03 2003-08-20 中国电子科技集团公司第五十四研究所 CDMA and FDMA hybrid satellite communication device
CN201114056Y (en) 2007-08-31 2008-09-10 南京中网通信有限公司 Satellite communications device capable of accomplishing various mode transmission

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