CN101122148A - House building structure with main steel structure - Google Patents

House building structure with main steel structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101122148A
CN101122148A CNA2007100095069A CN200710009506A CN101122148A CN 101122148 A CN101122148 A CN 101122148A CN A2007100095069 A CNA2007100095069 A CN A2007100095069A CN 200710009506 A CN200710009506 A CN 200710009506A CN 101122148 A CN101122148 A CN 101122148A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
steel
house
layer
cement
frame
Prior art date
Application number
CNA2007100095069A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑勤民
Original Assignee
郑勤民
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by 郑勤民 filed Critical 郑勤民
Priority to CNA2007100095069A priority Critical patent/CN101122148A/en
Publication of CN101122148A publication Critical patent/CN101122148A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a house building structure taking the steel structure as principal, which is characterized in that a house steel plate frame with a plurality of layers, every two of which are partitioned, is formed from vertical steel angles and horizontal steel angles which are connected by bolt assembly components; the bottom of each partition is provided with a square supporting frame, a square cement frame, a cement pre-coated plate layer, a plastic foam layer, a fiber mesh layer and a cement layer which are formed from steel angles; the outer wall of the house steel plate frame is formed from a plurality of pre-coated plates which are spliced together; the outer wall and the steel angles around the house steel plate frame are connected by a plurality of vertical steel posts; the inner wall between adjacent partitions of the house steel plate frame is formed from a reinforcing frame, a foam plate and a fiber mesh which are connected together by fastening devices; a three-in-one batch layer is coated out of the fiber mesh; the door and window frames are fixed on the steel angles by the pre-coated frame plates. The invention can not only mitigate the problem of shortage of energy, but also can improve the overall heat insulating, sound insulating and ventilation performance of the house, and also can improve the assembly speed and efficiency.

Description

House architectural structure based on steel work

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of house architectural structure based on steel work.

Background technology

The material of house architectural structure all is to adopt raw materials such as cement, concrete basically at present, its consumption is very big, and it is in short supply day by day with the high-quality mineral aggregate that is used for cement baking to be used to dispose concrete sandstone, therefore according to traditional building structure and building method, the supply of raw material amount probably is difficult to continue supply and goes down.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of house architectural structure based on steel work, it adopts steel plate and cement pre-fabricated panel to interfix to involve and forms, not only can alleviate the energy starved problem, and can make that house integral body is heat insulation, sound insulation and permeability obtain good improvement, can be prefabricated in the factory in addition to produce to be transported on the spot again behind each component and assemble, thereby improve overall package speed and efficient greatly.

Technical solution of the present invention is to constitute like this, it is by the many perpendicular angle steel of putting and be across the adjacent two perpendicular horizontal angle steel of putting between the angle steel and form and have multilayer and every layer of house steel plate framework with front and back or left and right sides adjacent compartments, the bottom of each compartment forms square carriage jointly by the horizontal steel plate of the horizontal angle steel in front, rear, left and right that is in same aspect, and the perpendicular angle steel of putting is connected by bolt assembly with the link position of horizontal angle steel;

The top of described square carriage is set up square cement frame, concrete prefabricated flaggy, plastic foam layer, fiber web layer from bottom to top successively and is cast for the cement layer of one with fiber web layer, wherein concrete prefabricated flaggy by before and after the prefabricated frame of many drainings mud reinforcing bar or about adjacent successively arrangement, the top of the prefabricated frame of every draining mud reinforcing bar is provided with the groove that multiple tracks is arranged in order, and the prefabricated frame of adjacent two cement steels forms by the hook part of a prefabricated frame located therein and the groove overlap joint of another prefabricated frame;

The outer body of wall of described house steel plate framework is neighbouring or front and back are adjacent or the left and right sides is adjacent is formed by connecting by the polylith precast plate, and the connecting portion of contiguous prefabricated plate is provided with the concavo-convex position that correspondence is inlayed; The external surface of outer body of wall is covered with decorative floor block, be connected by the many perpendicular steel columns of putting between the angle steel of outer body of wall and steel plate framework periphery, house, steel column is connected by securing member with the angle steel of steel plate framework periphery, house, also fixedlys connected by securing member with the precast plate of outer body of wall;

Interior body of wall between the adjacent compartments of house steel plate framework closes the bed of material and constitutes by perpendicular being located at the perpendicular reinforced bulkhead of putting the steel plate both sides of angle steel, being located at cystosepiment outside the reinforced bulkhead, being laid on fiber web layer outside the cystosepiment, being used for the fastener that each frame layer of angle steel steel plate both sides is fixed together and being applied in three outside the fiber web layer, and described three close the bed of material is mixed by cement, sand and soil;

The door and window framework of described house steel plate framework is fixed on the angle steel of house steel plate framework by prefabricated deckle board.

Than prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect: (1) is adopted steel plate and cement pre-fabricated panel to interfix to involve and is formed the overall structure firm stable; (2) change traditional old model that mainly utilizes cement and concrete construction, can alleviate the energy starved problem greatly; (3) be provided with void layer between exterior wall and the framework, can improve that house integral body is heat insulation, sound insulation and permeability; (4) cement pre-fabricated panel adopts the tensile fiber principle, makes expanding with heat and contract with cold of house have cushion space, can improve anti crack performance, thereby also effectively avoid drainage; (5) can be prefabricated in the factory to produce to be transported on the spot again behind each component and assemble, thereby improve overall package speed and efficient greatly.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the elevation of the present invention based on the house architectural structure of steel work, the first half is removed balcony and part decoration of exterior wall among the figure, keep the doorframe and window frame body structure, the latter half is also removed door and window framework, interior body of wall and compartment floor in order to embody horizontal angle steel and perpendicular annexation of putting between the angle steel.

Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the left view of Fig. 1, removes outer body of wall among the figure.

Fig. 4 is the prefabricated frame internal construction of the cement steel enlarged diagram that is in the outward flange position among Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is the prefabricated frame internal construction of the cement steel enlarged diagram at position of mediating among Fig. 1.

Fig. 6 is the vertical view of Fig. 4.

Fig. 7 is the longitudinal reinforcement side rotation schematic diagram among Fig. 4 or Fig. 5.

Fig. 8 is the local enlarged diagram of the I among Fig. 2.

Fig. 9 is the interior body of wall internal construction enlarged diagram between Fig. 1 intermediate chamber and the compartment.

The number in the figure explanation:

1, the perpendicular angle steel of putting; 2, horizontal angle steel; 3, bolt assembly;

41, square cement frame, 42, concrete prefabricated flaggy, 421, the groove of concrete prefabricated frame, 422, the hook part of concrete prefabricated frame, 423, the cement layer on top layer about the prefabricated frame of cement steel, 424, fiber web layer, 425, the reinforcing bar reinforcing ring, 426, stirrup, 427, the fin between the adjacent grooves, 43, plastic foam layer, 44, fiber web layer, 45, cement layer;

5, outer body of wall, 51, precast plate, 56, the concavo-convex position that is used to inlay on the precast plate, 52, decorative floor block, 53, steel column, 54, securing member, 55, securing member, 57, dog hole;

6, interior body of wall, 61, reinforced bulkhead, 62, cystosepiment, 63, fiber web layer, 64, fastener, 65, three close the bed of material;

71, door body, 72, window frame body;

8, balcony, 81, horizontal prefabricated steel, 821, reinforcing bar, 822, fiber web layer, 823, the building of cement layer 9, lower floor.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with specification drawings and specific embodiments content of the present invention is elaborated:

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the present invention based on the house architectural structure of steel work by the many perpendicular angle steel of putting 1 be across the adjacent two perpendicular horizontal angle steel of putting between the angle steel 2 and form and have multilayer and every layer of house steel plate framework with front and back or left and right sides adjacent compartments, the bottom of each compartment forms square carriage jointly by the horizontal steel plate of the horizontal angle steel in front, rear, left and right that is in same aspect, and the perpendicular angle steel of putting is connected by bolt assembly 3 with the link position of horizontal angle steel;

As Fig. 1, Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and shown in Figure 6, the top of described square carriage is set up square cement frame 41, concrete prefabricated flaggy 42, plastic foam layer 43, fiber web layer 44 from bottom to top successively and is cast for the cement layer 45 of one with fiber web layer, wherein concrete prefabricated flaggy by before and after the prefabricated frame of many drainings mud reinforcing bar or about adjacent successively arrangement, the top of the prefabricated frame of every draining mud reinforcing bar is provided with the groove 421 that multiple tracks is arranged in order, and the prefabricated frame of adjacent two cement steels forms by the hook part 422 of a prefabricated frame located therein and the groove overlap joint of another prefabricated frame;

As Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 8, the outer body of wall 5 of described house steel plate framework is neighbouring or front and back are adjacent or the left and right sides is adjacent is formed by connecting by polylith precast plate 51, and the connecting portion of contiguous prefabricated plate is provided with the concavo-convex position 56 that correspondence is inlayed; The external surface of outer body of wall is covered with decorative floor block 52, be connected by the many perpendicular steel columns of putting 53 between the angle steel of outer body of wall and steel plate framework periphery, house, steel column is connected by securing member 54 with the angle steel of steel plate framework periphery, house, also fixedlys connected by securing member 55 with the precast plate of outer body of wall;

As Fig. 1 and shown in Figure 9, interior body of wall 6 between the adjacent compartments of house steel plate framework closes the bed of material 65 and constitutes by perpendicular being located at the perpendicular reinforced bulkhead 61 of putting the steel plate both sides of angle steel, being located at cystosepiment 62 outside the reinforced bulkhead, being laid on fiber web layer 63 outside the cystosepiment, being used for the fastener 64 that each frame layer of angle steel steel plate both sides is fixed together and being applied in three outside the fiber web layer, and described three close the bed of material is mixed by cement, sand and soil;

As shown in figures 1 and 3, the door and window framework 71,72 of described house steel plate framework is fixed on the angle steel of house steel plate framework by prefabricated deckle board.

As Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and shown in Figure 7, the prefabricated frame of described cement steel is by the cement layer 423 on upper and lower top layer and be clipped in up and down that the fiber web layer 424 between the cement layer constitutes, be provided with reinforcing bar reinforcing ring 425 in the fin 427 between the adjacent grooves of the prefabricated frame of cement steel, described reinforcing bar reinforcing ring encompasses flat ring-type according to the shape that is slightly less than fin and is fixed by stirrup 426, the external surface of reinforcing bar reinforcing ring is enclosed with fiber web layer, and the fiber web layer external surface is coated with the cement top layer.

As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the described fiber web layer oven wire mesh blanket that comprises the reinforcing bar stratum reticulare of bottom tiling and be laid on reinforcing bar stratum reticulare top and the reinforcing bar reinforcing ring of adjacent arrangement is wrapped successively.

As shown in Figure 3, the balcony 8 of described house steel plate framework is by being locked at the laterally reinforced concrete peripheral board of the prefabricated steel outer peripheral edges side of being fixed thereon of the outer horizontal prefabricated steel 81 of respective storey framework angle steel, edge, be provided with the many reinforcing bars that are arranged in order 821 in the described reinforced concrete peripheral board, the centre accompanies the fiber web layer 822 that reinforcing bar is coated togather, and skin is a cement layer 823.

As shown in Figure 1, the bottom angle steel of described house steel plate framework is fixedly connected on the building 9 of lower floor by bolt assembly.

As shown in Figure 8, precast plate is connected with the quick of steel column for convenience, the described securing member 54 of outer body of wall precast plate and steel column that is used for fixing is for being fixed in a plurality of crotches of going up in the steel column outside from bottom to top, the inboard relevant position of precast plate is provided with shape and the similar dog hole 57 of last crotch, and the outside of dog hole is left and is convenient to the passway that crotch enters.

As shown in Figure 6, in order to strengthen the intensity of the prefabricated frame of cement steel, prevent its stress deformation, the prefabricated frame of described cement steel is except that the groove that is used for contiguous prefabricated frame overlap joint, and all the other groove two-port shutoff are provided with reinforcing bar in the shutoff end.

Claims (7)

1. house architectural structure based on steel work is characterized in that:
A. by the many perpendicular angle steel of putting (1) be across the adjacent two perpendicular horizontal angle steel of putting between the angle steel (2) and form and have multilayer and every layer of house steel plate framework with front and back or left and right sides adjacent compartments, the bottom of each compartment forms square carriage jointly by the horizontal steel plate of the horizontal angle steel in front, rear, left and right that is in same aspect, and the perpendicular angle steel of putting is connected by bolt assembly (3) with the link position of horizontal angle steel;
B. the top of described square carriage is set up square cement frame (41), concrete prefabricated flaggy (42), plastic foam layer (43), fiber web layer (44) from bottom to top successively and is cast for the cement layer (45) of one with fiber web layer, wherein concrete prefabricated flaggy by before and after the prefabricated frame of many drainings mud reinforcing bar or about adjacent successively arrangement, the top of the prefabricated frame of every draining mud reinforcing bar is provided with the groove (421) that multiple tracks is arranged in order, and the prefabricated frame of adjacent two cement steels forms by the hook part (422) of a prefabricated frame located therein and the groove overlap joint of another prefabricated frame;
The outer body of wall (5) of c. described house steel plate framework is neighbouring or front and back are adjacent or the left and right sides is adjacent is formed by connecting by polylith precast plate (51), and the connecting portion of contiguous prefabricated plate is provided with the concavo-convex position (56) that correspondence is inlayed; The external surface of outer body of wall is covered with decorative floor block (52), be connected by the many perpendicular steel columns of putting (53) between the angle steel of outer body of wall and steel plate framework periphery, house, steel column is connected by securing member (54) with the angle steel of steel plate framework periphery, house, also fixedlys connected by securing member (55) with the precast plate of outer body of wall;
D. the interior body of wall (6) between the adjacent compartments of house steel plate framework is by perpendicular being located at the perpendicular reinforced bulkhead (61) of putting the steel plate both sides of angle steel, being located at cystosepiment (62) reinforced bulkhead outside, being laid on fiber web layer (63) outside the cystosepiment, being used for the fastener (64) that each frame layer of angle steel steel plate both sides is fixed together and being applied in three outside the fiber web layer closing the bed of material (65) formation, and described three close the bed of material is mixed by cement, sand and soil;
The door and window framework of e. described house steel plate framework (71,72) is fixed on the angle steel of house steel plate framework by prefabricated deckle board.
2. the house architectural structure based on steel work according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the prefabricated frame of described cement steel is by the cement layer (423) on upper and lower top layer and be clipped in up and down that the fiber web layer (424) between the cement layer constitutes, be provided with reinforcing bar reinforcing ring (425) in the fin between the adjacent grooves of the prefabricated frame of cement steel (427), described reinforcing bar reinforcing ring encompasses flat ring-type according to the shape that is slightly less than fin and is fixed by stirrup (426), the external surface of reinforcing bar reinforcing ring is enclosed with fiber web layer, and the fiber web layer external surface is coated with the cement top layer.
3. the house architectural structure based on steel work according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the oven wire mesh blanket that described fiber web layer comprises the reinforcing bar stratum reticulare of bottom tiling and is laid on reinforcing bar stratum reticulare top and the reinforcing bar reinforcing ring of adjacent arrangement is wrapped successively.
4. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described house architectural structures based on steel work, it is characterized in that: the balcony (8) of described house steel plate framework is by being locked at the laterally reinforced concrete peripheral board of the prefabricated steel outer peripheral edges side of being fixed thereon of the outer horizontal prefabricated steel (81) of respective storey framework angle steel, edge, be provided with the many reinforcing bars that are arranged in order (821) in the described reinforced concrete peripheral board, the centre accompanies the fiber web layer (822) that reinforcing bar is coated togather, and skin is cement layer (823).
5. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described house architectural structures based on steel work, it is characterized in that: the bottom angle steel of described house steel plate framework is fixedly connected on the building (9) of lower floor by bolt assembly.
6. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described house architectural structures based on steel work, it is characterized in that: the described securing member (54) of outer body of wall precast plate and steel column that is used for fixing is for being fixed in a plurality of crotches of going up in the steel column outside from bottom to top, the inboard relevant position of precast plate is provided with shape and the similar dog hole (57) of last crotch, and the outside of dog hole is left and is convenient to the passway that crotch enters.
7. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described house architectural structures based on steel work, it is characterized in that: the prefabricated frame of described cement steel is except that the groove that is used for contiguous prefabricated frame overlap joint, and all the other groove two-port shutoff are provided with reinforcing bar in the shutoff end.
CNA2007100095069A 2007-09-11 2007-09-11 House building structure with main steel structure CN101122148A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102031837A (en) * 2010-11-15 2011-04-27 洛阳师范学院 Ultra-light ultra-strong low heat transferring concrete composite bionic wall technology
CN101634192B (en) * 2009-07-29 2011-11-30 北京峻谷投资有限公司 Monolithic building
CN103993658A (en) * 2013-02-16 2014-08-20 谷玉花 Steel structure and prefabricated concrete fabricated residential building system
CN104372905A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-02-25 江苏立德节能建筑股份有限公司 Balcony breast board structure for light steel joist building and installation method thereof
CN106149866A (en) * 2015-04-28 2016-11-23 谷玉花 Steel reinforced concrete assembled energy-saving residential building system
CN102864944B (en) * 2012-10-11 2016-12-21 北京筑福国际工程技术有限责任公司 A kind of steel angle bracket masonry structure and reinforcement means thereof

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101634192B (en) * 2009-07-29 2011-11-30 北京峻谷投资有限公司 Monolithic building
CN102031837A (en) * 2010-11-15 2011-04-27 洛阳师范学院 Ultra-light ultra-strong low heat transferring concrete composite bionic wall technology
CN102864944B (en) * 2012-10-11 2016-12-21 北京筑福国际工程技术有限责任公司 A kind of steel angle bracket masonry structure and reinforcement means thereof
CN103993658A (en) * 2013-02-16 2014-08-20 谷玉花 Steel structure and prefabricated concrete fabricated residential building system
CN104372905A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-02-25 江苏立德节能建筑股份有限公司 Balcony breast board structure for light steel joist building and installation method thereof
CN106149866A (en) * 2015-04-28 2016-11-23 谷玉花 Steel reinforced concrete assembled energy-saving residential building system

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Open date: 20080213