CN101116461A - Loose tobacco compression type baking technics in the baking room - Google Patents

Loose tobacco compression type baking technics in the baking room Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101116461A
CN101116461A CNA2007100779167A CN200710077916A CN101116461A CN 101116461 A CN101116461 A CN 101116461A CN A2007100779167 A CNA2007100779167 A CN A2007100779167A CN 200710077916 A CN200710077916 A CN 200710077916A CN 101116461 A CN101116461 A CN 101116461A
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China
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temperature
stage
baking
tobacco
roasting
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CNA2007100779167A
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CN101116461B (en
Inventor
谢已书
李国彬
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Guizhou Institute of Tobacco Science
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Guizhou Institute of Tobacco Science
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Abstract

The present invention discloses a roasting technics with loose-tobacco curing bulk barn, wherein the main roasting stages include a yellowing stage, a fixation stage and a stem-drying stage. The present invention is characterized in that the technics is provide with stepped temperature rise to carry out the tobacco roasting, wherein the temperature is raised with a transition no less than 1 DEG C between different temperature grads, and steady-temperature roasting is provided for each roasting stage, wherein an automatic controlling system on roasting humidity and temperature of the tobacco is provided throughout the roasting process. The roasting technics with loose-tobacco curing bulk barn provided by the present invention solves the problem of the poor roasting penetrability of the tobacco, and the problems including the thin slice of the roasted tobacco, the failed stretching and folding of the tobacco, and the mal-roasted tobacco. The present invention has the advantages of amelioration of the whole set of roasting technics of tobacco, simplification of the roasting stages, thereby greatly decreasing the labor cost involved in the roasting stages. The roasting technics can be doubtless used for roasting the tobacco with the rod-hanging method and the tobacco-nipper method.

Description

Leaf intensive barn curing baking process looses
Technical field
The present invention relates to the tobacco flue-curing technology, specifically, relate to the baking of flue-cured tobacco technology of the leaf intensive barn curing that looses.
Technical background
Existing baking of flue-cured tobacco technology mainly is meant conventional baking process.In recent years, in all parts of the country through test and popularization to intensive barn curing, make flue-cured tobacco concentrated type baking process technology perfect gradually.From 2002, ground such as domestic Heilungkiang, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan were successively introduced Brazilian diffusing leaf barn and have been tested.Adopt the leaf intensive barn curing baking of loosing, because baking process is imperfect as yet, existing baking technology baking can only be adopted in many places, and problems such as thin, roasting saturating rate variance of cured tobacco leaf blade and roasting bad cigarette often occur, and have influenced applying of diffusing leaf intensive barn curing.Existing baking process comprises the operation requirement of the baking process of hanging the pole intensive barn curing, and some technical indicators can not be used for diffusing leaf baking.But at present relevant with tobacco flue-curing house baking process patent application is few, by retrieval, No. 200410061456.5 " fast energy-saving environmental protection dense tobacco flue-curing house and baking process thereof " is only arranged, but this patent application is for diffusing leaf baking and inapplicable.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the leaf intensive barn curing baking process that looses, to solve the problem of the roasting saturating rate variance of tobacco leaf; Problem that solution cured tobacco leaf blade approaches, do not actuate and the problem that solves roasting bad cigarette.
The inventor points out the diffusing intensive baking of leaf after deliberation owing to adorn cigarette mode difference, and the required baking process of the variation of tobacco leaf in bake process must be adorned the cigarette mode with routine extension pole notable difference, and particularly the requirement to baking humidity has obvious difference.
The baking process of the diffusing leaf intensive barn curing that the inventor provides, mainly the baking stage comprises yellowing stage, fixation stage and dried muscle stage, also claims changing yellow stage, fixation stage and drying muscle stage.This technology is a kind of technology that adopts stage intensification to carry out tobacco flue-curing, and 1 ℃ speed heats up the temperature transition between thermograde per hour to be not less than, and mainly toasts steady temperature baking of stage at each; Whole bake process adopts flue-cured tobacco humiture automatic control system to control.
The controlled condition in the main baking stage of this technology is:
(1) yellowing stage: behind barn dress cigarette, igniting baking 15-20 hour; The flavescence initial stage, 32 ℃~35 ℃ of dry-bulb temperatures, steady temperature baking 10~25 hours is baked to and dry-bulb temperature is risen to 38 ℃ after the slight lodging of tobacco leaf and toast, and avoids tobacco leaf low temperature cirrhosis Huang, causes cured tobacco leaf not actuate; Yellowing stage, control dry-bulb temperature are 38 ℃, 35 ℃~36 ℃ steady temperature bakings of wet-bulb temperature, reach the pornographic movie blue veins when tobacco leaf changes, and when slightly falling down, temperature are controlled to be 38 ℃~40 ℃; In the flavescence later stage, before tobacco leaf was spoilt frame fully, earlier a small amount of hydrofuge toasted the fixation that heats up again after 10~15 hours.
(2) the fixation stage: low 1 ℃-2 ℃ of the more conventional baking technology index of fixation stage wet-bulb temperature control, avoid tobacco leaf sheet and roasting brown phenomenon to occur steaming; Specific practice is behind a small amount of hydrofuge of flavescence later stage, and temperature is raised to 46 ℃ to 48 ℃ by 38 ℃~40 ℃, and wet-bulb temperature is 34 ℃~35 ℃, toasts 12~15 hours; After the tobacco leaf master pulse feels like jelly flavescence, temperature is risen to 52 ℃~54 ℃, wet-bulb temperature remains 35 ℃~36 ℃; Keeping dry-bulb temperature is that 52 ℃~54 ℃, wet-bulb temperature are 35 ℃~36 ℃ steady temperature bakings, until the tobacco leaf drying.
(3) the dried muscle stage: the baking technology in dried muscle stage and conventional baking method are basic identical, mainly are low 1 ℃-2 ℃ of wet bulb humidity control.Specific practice is that temperature is raised to 60 ℃ by 54 ℃, and wet-bulb temperature is controlled to be 36 ℃~37 ℃, and air inlet can close to 1/2 or take the operation of automatic hydrofuge; After about 20 hours temperature is elevated to 65 ℃~68 ℃ in baking under 60 ℃ of temperature; Keeping dry-bulb temperature is 65 ℃~68 ℃, and wet-bulb temperature is 37 ℃~38 ℃ bakings, takes to control automatically hydrofuge, until tobacco leaf master muscle drying.
Above-mentioned temperature and humidity intelligent control system comprises the automatic instrument of humiture, Temperature Humidity Sensor, automatic temperature control and hydrofuge automaton.
The inventor points out, adopts the leaf intensive barn curing baking process that looses, and dress cigarette amount and tobacco loading method must reach the requirement of barn regulation, avoids the phenomenon that the cured tobacco leaf blade is thin, do not actuate.
Diffusing leaf intensive barn curing baking process of the present invention has solved the problem of the roasting saturating rate variance of tobacco leaf; Solved that the cured tobacco leaf blade is thin, the problem that do not actuate and the problem of roasting bad cigarette; Its advantage is: a whole set of baking process of perfect flue-cured tobacco, simplified the baking link; Greatly reduce the recruitment cost of baking link; This baking process can be used to hang the baking that pole mode and cigarette folder mode are adorned cigarette fully.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is the intensification schematic diagram in diffusing leaf intensive barn curing each stage of baking process of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
The diffusing leaf baking of 1 pair of Guizhou Province of embodiment real estate tobacco, adopt following baking process:
Behind barn dress cigarette, the igniting baking entered yellowing stage in 15-20 hour.
(1) yellowing stage baking operating technology
Operation requires: the tobacco leaf variation reaches full Huang (fully flavescence), blade feels like jelly; Earlier a small amount of hydrofuge of flavescence later stage, back intensification fixation; The time is instructed in the yellowing stage baking: lower tobacco leaf is 45~50 hours, and middle part and upper tobacco leaf are 55~65 hours.
Method of operating: the flavescence initial stage, 32 ℃~35 ℃ of dry-bulb temperatures, steady temperature baking 10~25 hours is baked to tobacco leaf and slightly after the lodging dry-bulb temperature is risen to 38 ℃; Main yellowing stage, control dry-bulb temperature are 38 ℃, 35 ℃~36 ℃ steady temperature bakings of wet-bulb temperature, reach the pornographic movie blue veins when tobacco leaf changes, and when slightly falling down, temperature are controlled to be 38 ℃~40 ℃, shift to an earlier date a small amount of hydrofuge, toast the fixation that heats up after 10~15 hours.
(2) fixation stage baking operating technology
Operation requires: timely ventilation dewetting, dry blade is fixed tobacco leaf color.
Method of operating: behind a small amount of hydrofuge of flavescence later stage, temperature is raised to 46 ℃ to 48 ℃ by 38 ℃~40 ℃, wet-bulb temperature is 34 ℃~35 ℃, toasts 12~15 hours.After the tobacco leaf master pulse feels like jelly flavescence, temperature is risen to 52 ℃~54 ℃, wet-bulb temperature remains 35 ℃~36 ℃.Keeping dry-bulb temperature is that 52 ℃~54 ℃, wet-bulb temperature are 35 ℃~36 ℃ steady temperature bakings, until the tobacco leaf drying.
(3) dried muscle stage baking operating technology
Operation requires: tobacco leaf master muscle drying prevents roasting red tobacco leaf; Hydrofuge gauge tap and air inlet turn down gradually; The blower fan continuous service; Baking instructs the time to decide according to tobacco leaf master muscle degree of drying.
Method of operating: temperature is raised to 60 ℃ by 54 ℃, and main moisture exhausting port is controlled to be 40 ℃~50 ℃ or take the operation of automatic hydrofuge, and wet-bulb temperature is controlled to be 36 ℃~37 ℃, and air inlet can close to 1/2.After about 20 hours temperature is elevated to 65 ℃~68 ℃ in baking under 60 ℃ of temperature; Keeping dry-bulb temperature is 65 ℃~68 ℃, and wet-bulb temperature is 37 ℃~38 ℃ bakings, takes to control automatically hydrofuge, and air inlet can close to 1/3~1/4 gradually, until tobacco leaf master muscle drying.

Claims (3)

1. leaf intensive barn curing baking process looses, the main baking stage comprises yellowing stage, fixation stage and dried muscle stage, it is characterized in that this technology is a kind of technology that adopts stage intensification to carry out tobacco flue-curing, 1 ℃ speed heats up temperature transition between thermograde per hour to be not less than, in the steady temperature baking of each baking stage; Whole bake process adopts flue-cured tobacco humiture auto-controller to control.
2. baking process as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the controlled condition in the stage of mainly toasting is controlled to be:
(1) yellowing stage: behind barn dress cigarette, igniting baking 15-20 hour; The flavescence initial stage, 32 ℃~35 ℃ of dry-bulb temperatures, steady temperature baking 10~25 hours is baked to and dry-bulb temperature is risen to 38 ℃ after the slight lodging of tobacco leaf and toast; Yellowing stage, control dry-bulb temperature are 38 ℃, 35 ℃~36 ℃ steady temperature bakings of wet-bulb temperature, reach the pornographic movie blue veins when tobacco leaf changes, and when slightly falling down, temperature are controlled to be 38 ℃~40 ℃; In the flavescence later stage, before tobacco leaf is spoilt frame fully, toast 10~15 hours intensification fixations behind earlier a small amount of hydrofuge;
(2) the fixation stage: behind a small amount of hydrofuge of flavescence later stage, temperature is raised to 46 ℃~48 ℃ by 38 ℃~40 ℃, wet-bulb temperature is 34 ℃~35 ℃, toasts 12~15 hours; After the tobacco leaf master pulse feels like jelly flavescence, temperature is risen to 52 ℃~54 ℃, wet-bulb temperature remains 35 ℃~36 ℃; Keeping dry-bulb temperature is that 52 ℃~54 ℃, wet-bulb temperature are 35 ℃~36 ℃ steady temperature bakings, until the tobacco leaf drying;
(3) drying muscle stage: temperature is raised to 60 ℃ by 54 ℃, and wet-bulb temperature is controlled to be 36 ℃~37 ℃, and air inlet can close to 1/2 or take the operation of automatic hydrofuge; After about 20 hours temperature is elevated to 65 ℃~68 ℃ in baking under 60 ℃ of temperature; Keeping dry-bulb temperature is 65 ℃~68 ℃, and wet-bulb temperature is 37 ℃~38 ℃ bakings, takes to control automatically hydrofuge, until tobacco leaf master muscle drying.
3. baking process as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described temperature and humidity intelligent control system comprises the automatic instrument of humiture, Temperature Humidity Sensor, automatic temperature control and hydrofuge automaton.
CN2007100779167A 2007-08-31 2007-08-31 Loose tobacco compression type baking technics in the baking room Expired - Fee Related CN101116461B (en)

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Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101416767B (en) * 2008-11-25 2011-01-05 云南省烟草科学研究所 Cured tobacco baking technique capable of improving quality and flavoring
CN102058148A (en) * 2011-01-13 2011-05-18 云南省烟草公司昆明市公司 Process for baking Hongda tobacco leaves
CN102178335A (en) * 2011-03-18 2011-09-14 中国农业科学院烟草研究所 Intensive curing barn precise curing process for flue-cured tobacco
CN102232614A (en) * 2010-04-21 2011-11-09 河南农业大学 Tobacco curing method in bulk curing barn
CN102499431A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-06-20 四川省烟草公司泸州市公司 Curing process of flue-curing barn
CN102499425A (en) * 2011-10-26 2012-06-20 中国烟草总公司重庆市公司酉阳分公司 Method for flue-curing tobacco by using tobacco straws
CN102697159A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-10-03 中国烟草总公司重庆市公司烟草科学研究所 Three-section six-step tobacco baking method
CN102715636A (en) * 2012-06-26 2012-10-10 衡阳师范学院 New method for preparing flue-cured tobacco with low content of nicotine and tar
CN102793260A (en) * 2012-09-07 2012-11-28 贵州省烟草公司遵义市公司 Three-ladder seven-step method for baking scattered flue-cured tobacco leaves
CN102960843A (en) * 2012-10-24 2013-03-13 遵义市烟草公司绥阳县分公司 Process for performing dispersed leaf stacking aroma curing by adopting eight-step operation on tobacco leaf curing controller
CN103005657A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-04-03 遵义市烟草公司绥阳县分公司 Technology for operating bulk stacking baking fragrance on tobacco baking controller through ten steps
CN103271428A (en) * 2013-05-06 2013-09-04 广东省烟草南雄科学研究所 Flue-cured tobacco accurate intensive curing technology for tobacco high-temperature induced maturity
CN103598669A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-02-26 贵州省烟草科学研究院 Tobacco loose leaf curing method
CN103637392A (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-03-19 贵州省烟草公司贵阳市公司 Tobacco leaf upper portion chopping, collecting, binding and baking method and baking structure
CN103829363A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-06-04 中国农业科学院烟草研究所 Scattered-tobacco stacking low-humidity slow flue curing process for flue-curing tobacco bulk curing barn
CN103932375A (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-07-23 张灿国 Nine-step loose-leaf bulk curing technique for tobacco
CN104172454A (en) * 2014-08-29 2014-12-03 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 Aromatic tobacco curing method
CN104432459A (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-03-25 广东中烟工业有限责任公司 Tobacco leaf baking method
CN104509964A (en) * 2013-09-26 2015-04-15 贵州省烟草科学研究院 Time varied three-stage low-moisture tobacco slowly curing process
CN104687231A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-06-10 贵州省烟草公司遵义市公司正安县分公司 Flue-cured tobacco loose-leaf bundling and curing method
CN104720090A (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-06-24 南平市烟草公司武夷山分公司 Treatment method for forced moisture exhausting during flue-cured tobacco yellowing period
CN104720091A (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-06-24 南平市烟草公司武夷山分公司 Light green tobacco leaf flue-curing method
CN105495672A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-04-20 广东中烟工业有限责任公司 Tobacco leaf baking method
CN105831791A (en) * 2016-04-14 2016-08-10 广东省烟草南雄科学研究所 Intensive curing process of flue-cured tobacco
CN107594607A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-01-19 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 A kind of wet flue-cured tobacco dense drying method of steady temperature drop
CN108185496A (en) * 2018-01-18 2018-06-22 福建中烟工业有限责任公司 The first roasting method of the big gold dollar tobacco leaf of safflower, obtained tobacco leaf and its application
CN110122913A (en) * 2019-03-27 2019-08-16 河南中烟工业有限责任公司 A kind of baking process of flue-cured tobacco cultivars Henan cigarette 6

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CN101416767B (en) * 2008-11-25 2011-01-05 云南省烟草科学研究所 Cured tobacco baking technique capable of improving quality and flavoring
CN102232614A (en) * 2010-04-21 2011-11-09 河南农业大学 Tobacco curing method in bulk curing barn
CN102232614B (en) * 2010-04-21 2013-04-17 河南农业大学 Tobacco curing method in bulk curing barn
CN102058148A (en) * 2011-01-13 2011-05-18 云南省烟草公司昆明市公司 Process for baking Hongda tobacco leaves
CN102178335A (en) * 2011-03-18 2011-09-14 中国农业科学院烟草研究所 Intensive curing barn precise curing process for flue-cured tobacco
CN102499431A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-06-20 四川省烟草公司泸州市公司 Curing process of flue-curing barn
CN102499425A (en) * 2011-10-26 2012-06-20 中国烟草总公司重庆市公司酉阳分公司 Method for flue-curing tobacco by using tobacco straws
CN102697159A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-10-03 中国烟草总公司重庆市公司烟草科学研究所 Three-section six-step tobacco baking method
CN102715636A (en) * 2012-06-26 2012-10-10 衡阳师范学院 New method for preparing flue-cured tobacco with low content of nicotine and tar
CN102715636B (en) * 2012-06-26 2016-12-21 衡阳师范学院 A kind of flue-cured tobacco novel preparation method of low nicotine amount low tar amount
CN102793260A (en) * 2012-09-07 2012-11-28 贵州省烟草公司遵义市公司 Three-ladder seven-step method for baking scattered flue-cured tobacco leaves
CN102960843A (en) * 2012-10-24 2013-03-13 遵义市烟草公司绥阳县分公司 Process for performing dispersed leaf stacking aroma curing by adopting eight-step operation on tobacco leaf curing controller
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CN103005657A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-04-03 遵义市烟草公司绥阳县分公司 Technology for operating bulk stacking baking fragrance on tobacco baking controller through ten steps
CN103271428A (en) * 2013-05-06 2013-09-04 广东省烟草南雄科学研究所 Flue-cured tobacco accurate intensive curing technology for tobacco high-temperature induced maturity
CN104509964A (en) * 2013-09-26 2015-04-15 贵州省烟草科学研究院 Time varied three-stage low-moisture tobacco slowly curing process
CN103598669A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-02-26 贵州省烟草科学研究院 Tobacco loose leaf curing method
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CN103637392B (en) * 2013-12-05 2015-11-25 贵州省烟草公司贵阳市公司 Upper tobacco leaf is cut binding and is tied up baking method and baking structure
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CN103829363A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-06-04 中国农业科学院烟草研究所 Scattered-tobacco stacking low-humidity slow flue curing process for flue-curing tobacco bulk curing barn
CN103932375A (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-07-23 张灿国 Nine-step loose-leaf bulk curing technique for tobacco
CN104172454A (en) * 2014-08-29 2014-12-03 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 Aromatic tobacco curing method
CN104432459A (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-03-25 广东中烟工业有限责任公司 Tobacco leaf baking method
CN104432459B (en) * 2014-12-29 2017-02-01 广东中烟工业有限责任公司 Tobacco leaf baking method
CN104687231A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-06-10 贵州省烟草公司遵义市公司正安县分公司 Flue-cured tobacco loose-leaf bundling and curing method
CN104720090A (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-06-24 南平市烟草公司武夷山分公司 Treatment method for forced moisture exhausting during flue-cured tobacco yellowing period
CN104720091A (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-06-24 南平市烟草公司武夷山分公司 Light green tobacco leaf flue-curing method
CN105495672A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-04-20 广东中烟工业有限责任公司 Tobacco leaf baking method
CN105831791A (en) * 2016-04-14 2016-08-10 广东省烟草南雄科学研究所 Intensive curing process of flue-cured tobacco
CN107594607A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-01-19 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 A kind of wet flue-cured tobacco dense drying method of steady temperature drop
CN107594607B (en) * 2017-11-17 2019-11-12 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 A kind of flue-cured tobacco dense drying method that steady temperature drop is wet
CN108185496A (en) * 2018-01-18 2018-06-22 福建中烟工业有限责任公司 The first roasting method of the big gold dollar tobacco leaf of safflower, obtained tobacco leaf and its application
CN110122913A (en) * 2019-03-27 2019-08-16 河南中烟工业有限责任公司 A kind of baking process of flue-cured tobacco cultivars Henan cigarette 6

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