CN101114945A - Method for controlling alarm flux, managing equipment, managed equipment and system - Google Patents

Method for controlling alarm flux, managing equipment, managed equipment and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101114945A
CN101114945A CNA2007101495054A CN200710149505A CN101114945A CN 101114945 A CN101114945 A CN 101114945A CN A2007101495054 A CNA2007101495054 A CN A2007101495054A CN 200710149505 A CN200710149505 A CN 200710149505A CN 101114945 A CN101114945 A CN 101114945A
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China
Prior art keywords
management equipment
alarm
current
alarming processing
managed
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CNA2007101495054A
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CN101114945B (en
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蒋幼宇
陈懿新
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Shenzhen Zhitong World Technology Service Co. Ltd.
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Huawei Technologies Co Ltd
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L41/00Arrangements for maintenance or administration or management of packet switching networks
    • H04L41/06Arrangements for maintenance or administration or management of packet switching networks involving management of faults or events or alarms

Abstract

The invention discloses a method of controlling the alarm flow, which first uses a managing equipment to inform a managed equipment of the alarm ability of the managing equipment, and then the managed equipment submits the alarm by adopting corresponding alarm flow according to the alarm process ability of the managing equipment. The implementation example of the invention also discloses a managing equipment which controls the alarm flow, a managed equipment and the system. By applying the invention, the alarm flow submitted by the managed equipment can be controlled according to the processing ability of the managing equipment, thus avoiding the occurrence of network alarm storm and also solving the problem of alarm data loss of the network alarm storm.

Description

Method, management equipment, managed device and the system of control alarm flux
Technical field
The present invention relates to network management technology, particularly method, management equipment, managed device and the system of control alarm flux.
Background technology
The informationalized tide in the world impels the telecommunication technology develop rapidly, and novel switching technology, transmission technology emerge in an endless stream.Continuous development through decades, the scale of communication network is increasing, and the complexity of network management is also more and more higher, how to realize scientific and efficient telecommunication network management, guaranteeing provides high quality services to the user, becomes an important topic of global communication service provider.
Fault management is one of major function of network management, and network management system is being born the receiving equipment fault warning, after analyzing warning information is showed user's task, so that the user can understand the malfunction of equipment in time.Operator requires the very first time to learn the fault that equipment occurs in order to guarantee the normal of business, promptly fixes a breakdown then, and could guarantee provides high quality services for the client.
Current, the scale of communication network is all very huge, and network configuration is also very complicated.Usually, the fault that the minority network equipment occurs, network management system can both normally be handled.If but a plurality of equipment in the network break down simultaneously, when for example the crucial link in the network breaks down, numerous equipment will send alarm to network management system simultaneously, and numerous alarms will exceed the disposal ability of network management system, and this phenomenon is called the network alarm storm visually.
There are two kinds of schemes of handling the network alarm storm in the prior art, introduced respectively below:
First kind of scheme: when the network alarm storm takes place, alarm inhibition, specifically may further comprise the steps:
1, abandons the alarm that to handle, guarantee the normal operation of network management system, generate new alarm simultaneously, to point out the user:, cause alarm data to be lost owing to the network alarm storm occurred;
2, the alarm synchronization function that provides by network management system of user is carried out alarm synchronization with equipment, with the alarm data of finding lost; Or, after alarm windstorm finishes, network management system automatically and equipment carry out alarm synchronization.
In this scheme, because network management system abandoned alarm data, the fault that causes the user in time to know equipment being occurred, thus can not in time fix a breakdown, and then providing of regular traffic is provided.And the alarm data that abandons need carry out alarm synchronization just can be given for change, and this may cause new network alarm storm again, causes occurring endless loop.
Second kind of scheme: carry out alarm shield in advance, the alarm that reports with minimizing equipment.The alarm that equipment produced of alarm normally frequently takes place in the alarm that this scheme shielded, or does not need the alarm paid close attention to.
Solve the network alarm storm by alarm shield, have following shortcoming:
1, because after the alarm shield, equipment will no longer report the alarm of conductively-closed, therefore, can only shield does not need the alarm handled, needs the alarm handled and can not shield; But in fact, be likely that these alarms that need handle have caused the generation of network alarm storm.
2, individual equipment appearance alarm can't cause the network alarm storm, the main cause that causes the network alarm storm is that alarm appears in numerous equipment in the network simultaneously, and which alarm appears in which equipment is unforeseen, so, the probability that network storm occurs can only be reduced by alarm shield, the appearance of network storm can not be fundamentally avoided.
As seen from the above analysis, the existing scheme of handling the network alarm storm all can not be controlled alarm flux very effectively, and, in processing procedure, also will cause losing of alarm data.
Summary of the invention
The embodiment of the invention provides a kind of method of controlling alarm flux, controlling alarm flux effectively, and solves the problem of network alarm storm.
The embodiment of the invention also provides a kind of management equipment of controlling alarm flux, controlling alarm flux effectively, and solves the problem of network alarm storm.
The embodiment of the invention also provides a kind of managed device of controlling alarm flux, controlling alarm flux effectively, and solves the problem of network alarm storm.
The embodiment of the invention also provides a kind of system that controls alarm flux, controlling alarm flux effectively, and solves the problem of network alarm storm.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme of the embodiment of the invention specifically is achieved in that
A kind of method of controlling alarm flux comprises:
Management equipment is with self alarming processing ability notice managed device;
Management equipment receives the alarm that managed device reports, and described alarm is by the alarming processing ability of managed device according to management equipment, adopts corresponding alarm flux to report to management equipment.
Embodiment of the invention loyalty also provides the method for another kind of control alarm flux, comprising:
Managed device obtains the current alarming processing ability of management equipment;
The alarming processing ability that managed device is current according to management equipment adopts corresponding alarm flux to the management equipment report and alarm.
A kind of management equipment of controlling alarm flux comprises:
The first flow control module is used for determining the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment, and with described alarming processing ability notice managed device;
The alarm receiver module is used to receive the alarm that managed device reports, and described alarm is by the managed device alarming processing ability current according to management equipment, adopts corresponding alarm flux to report to management equipment.
A kind of managed device of controlling alarm flux comprises:
Second flow-control module is used to obtain the current alarming processing ability of management equipment, and the alarming processing ability current according to described management equipment, determines corresponding alarm flux;
The alarm report module is used for described alarm flux to the management equipment report and alarm.
A kind of system that controls alarm flux comprises described management equipment of the embodiment of the invention and managed device.
As seen from the above technical solution, in the method for the disclosed control alarm flux of the embodiment of the invention, by the alarming processing ability notice managed device of management equipment with self, and by the alarming processing ability of managed device according to management equipment, dynamically control the flow of managed device to the management equipment report and alarm, thereby realized effective control according to the alarm flux that the current disposal ability of management equipment reports managed device, avoid the generation of network alarm storm, and solved the problem of network alarm storm.
In the management equipment of the disclosed control alarm flux of the embodiment of the invention, by increasing the first flow control module, and determine the alarming processing ability of this management equipment by the first flow control module, and then in time notify managed device with this alarming processing ability, realized flow according to the alarming processing ability control managed device report and alarm of management equipment, avoid the generation of network alarm storm, and solved the problem of network alarm storm.
And, in the managed device of the disclosed control alarm flux of the embodiment of the invention, obtain the current alarming processing ability of management equipment in time by second flow-control module, and by the alarming processing ability of second flow-control module according to management equipment, notice alarm report module with the corresponding alarm flux report and alarm of described alarming processing ability, realized alarming processing ability control alarm flux according to management equipment, avoid the generation of network alarm storm, and solved the problem of network alarm storm.
In addition, in the system of the disclosed control alarm flux of the embodiment of the invention, adopt disclosed management equipment of the embodiment of the invention and managed device formed a kind of can be according to the alarming processing ability of management equipment, the network management system of the flow of control managed device report and alarm, controlled alarm flux effectively, avoid the generation of network alarm storm, and solved the problem of network alarm storm.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic flow sheet of control alarm flux method in the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 be in a preferred embodiment of the present invention the alarm report mode with the schematic diagram of alarming processing state variation.
Fig. 3 is an existing network administrative structure model schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is a preferred embodiments schematic diagram of existing network administrative structure model.
Fig. 5 is the composition structural representation of the management equipment of control alarm flux in the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 6 is the composition structural representation of the managed device of control alarm flux in the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 7 is the composition structural representation of the system of control alarm flux in a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the composition structural representation of the system of control alarm flux in another preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
For making purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below with reference to the accompanying drawing embodiment that develops simultaneously, the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is the schematic flow sheet of control alarm flux method in the embodiment of the invention.Referring to Fig. 1, this method may further comprise the steps:
Step 101: management equipment is with self alarming processing ability notice managed device;
Step 102: managed device adopts corresponding alarm flux to the management equipment report and alarm according to the alarming processing ability of management equipment.
So far, finish the flow process of control alarm flux method in the present embodiment.
In the embodiment of the invention, introduced " alarming processing ability " this notion.Particularly: the alarming processing ability be according to the current alarm flux of handling of management equipment, management equipment the factors such as maximum alarm flux that can handle determine that it can reflect in real time that management equipment works as the ability of pre-treatment alarm.
In the embodiment of the invention, management equipment can be taked the alarming processing ability notice managed device of following dual mode with himself:
First kind of mode: the management equipment alarming processing ability that himself is current directly sends to managed device.
The second way: management equipment is the current corresponding management interface of alarming processing capabilities setting of described management equipment in advance on managed device; Then with self current alarming processing ability in real time or be updated periodically described management interface by management equipment; Like this, managed device just can obtain the current alarming processing ability of management equipment from described management interface.
In the above-mentioned second way, described management interface can be provided with according to the agreement that is adopted between management equipment and the managed device.For example, if adopt Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) between management equipment and the managed device, then preferably, can define corresponding management information bank (MIB) node for the alarming processing ability of management equipment as described management interface.
Based on above-mentioned dual mode, management equipment can be taked the multiple different form alarming processing ability notice managed device that himself is current, is introduced respectively below:
First kind of form: management equipment is with himself current alarm flux notice managed device of handling.In this case, managed device need know in advance usually management equipment the maximum alarm flux that can handle, could determine the alarming processing ability that management equipment is current like this.
Second kind of form: management equipment with himself current alarm flux of handling and management equipment the ratio notice managed device of the maximum alarm flux that can handle.
The third form: the alarming processing state notifying managed device that management equipment is current with himself.Usually, described alarming processing state be according to current alarm flux of handling of management equipment and management equipment the ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle determine.
When taking above-mentioned first kind and second kind of form, that is: when take current alarm flux of handling of management equipment and management equipment the ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle, when characterizing the current alarming processing ability of management equipment, the corresponding relation of ratio range and alarm flux can be set on managed device, and which kind of alarm flux report and alarm the ratio that managed device is directly notified according to management equipment determines to adopt.Also has another kind of mode: the corresponding relation between ratio range and the alarming processing state is set in managed device, and the corresponding relation of alarming processing state and alarm flux is set, managed device is when report and alarm, at first the ratio of being notified according to management equipment by managed device is determined corresponding alarming processing state, determine corresponding alarm flux by described definite alarming processing state again, adopt described alarm flux report and alarm at last.
Above-mentioned introduced " alarming processing state " weighed the ability of management equipment when the pre-treatment alarm.Particularly, be exactly:
Divide a plurality of ratio ranges in advance, for each ratio range is provided with corresponding alarming processing state; The current alarm flux of handling of real-time statistics management equipment then, current alarm flux of handling of management of computing equipment and management equipment the ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle, determine the ratio range that described ratio is affiliated, the pairing alarming processing state of described ratio range is defined as the current alarming processing state of described management equipment.
In actual applications, can divide different alarming processing states according to various standard.Preferably, the alarming processing state can be divided into four kinds: idle condition, normal condition, busy condition and overload, and divide corresponding ratio range for every kind of alarming processing state.For example, can divide the alarming processing state according to following standard:
Idle condition: the expression management equipment has only alarm seldom to need to handle, for example: if the current alarm flux of handling of management equipment be lower than management equipment the maximum alarming processing flow that can handle 45%, alarming processing state that can management equipment is current is defined as idle condition;
Normal condition: the expression management equipment exists certain current alarm to need to handle, for example: if the current alarm flux of handling of management equipment be in management equipment the maximum alarming processing flow that can handle 45% to 75% between, alarming processing state that can management equipment is current is defined as normal condition;
Busy condition: the expression management equipment is busy with handling alarm, alarm flux is near the limit of alarming processing ability, for example: if the current alarm flux of handling of management equipment be higher than management equipment the maximum alarming processing flow that can handle 75%, but be lower than 100%, alarming processing state that can management equipment is current is defined as busy condition;
Overload: expression network management system disposal ability has not caught up with the flow of equipment report and alarm, for example: if the current alarm flux of handling of management equipment surpassed management equipment the maximum alarming processing flow that can handle 100%, alarming processing state that can management equipment is current is defined as overload.
Data such as above-mentioned 45%, 75% and 100% all just illustrate, and in actual applications, can divide different alarming processing states according to other feasible standards.
In actual applications, can be various alarming processing state setting alarm flux correspondingly as required in real time, and the action that managed device is taked when the alarming processing state variation is set.When the managed device report and alarm, can determine correspondingly alarm flux according to the current alarming processing state of management equipment, and with determined alarm flux to the management equipment report and alarm.The flow of report and alarm of the present invention also can be understood as the mode of report and alarm.Preferably, at above-mentioned four kinds of alarming processing states three kinds of alarm report modes can be set: normal report and alarm, report significant alarm and all alarms of buffer memory.
Wherein, normal report and alarm: managed device is normally to the management equipment report and alarm;
Report significant alarm: managed device only reports important alarm to management equipment, the alarm of buffer memory except that significant alarm; At this alarm report mode, can dispose which alarm in advance in configuration file is significant alarm;
All alarms of buffer memory: managed device stops report and alarm, and with all alarm buffer memorys.
At above-mentioned four kinds of alarming processing states and three kinds of alarm report modes, corresponding relation as follows can be set, alarm report strategy as follows promptly is set:
When the current alarming processing state of management equipment was idle condition or normal condition, managed device was normally to the management equipment report and alarm;
When the current alarming processing state of management equipment was busy condition, managed device only reported significant alarm to management equipment, buffer memory all alarms except that described significant alarm;
When the current alarming processing state of management equipment is overload, all alarms of managed device buffer memory;
When the current alarming processing state of management equipment transferred idle condition or normal condition to by overload or busy condition, managed device reported the alarm of buffer memory.
In actual applications, other alarm report mode can certainly be set as required, correspondingly, also can take other modes that the corresponding relation of alarming processing state and alarm report mode is set.
According to above-mentioned corresponding relation will obtain as shown in Figure 2, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention the alarm report mode with the schematic diagram of alarming processing state variation.Fig. 2 represents:
1, when the alarming processing state of management equipment became overload by idle condition or normal condition, managed device was taked the alarm report mode of all alarms of buffer memory, the alarm that buffer memory is all;
2, when the alarming processing state of management equipment becomes idle condition or normal condition by overload, managed device is taked the alarm report mode of normal report and alarm, again report the alarm of buffer memory, and after finishing again report and alarm, normally report follow-up alarm;
3, when the alarming processing state of management equipment became busy condition by idle condition or normal condition, managed device taked to report the alarm report mode of significant alarm, the significant alarm of stipulating in the reporting policy only, buffer memory other alarms except that significant alarm;
4, when the alarming processing state of management equipment becomes idle condition or normal condition by busy condition, managed device is taked the alarm report mode of normal report and alarm, again report the alarm of buffer memory, and after finishing again report and alarm, normally report follow-up alarm;
5, when the alarming processing state of management equipment becomes overload by busy condition, managed device is taked the alarm report mode of all alarms of buffer memory, the alarm that buffer memory is all;
6, when the alarming processing state of management equipment becomes busy condition by overload, managed device takes to report the alarm report mode of significant alarm, the significant alarm of stipulating in the reporting policy only, buffer memory other alarms except that significant alarm.
As seen from the above-described embodiment, in the method for the disclosed control alarm flux of the embodiment of the invention, management equipment can be notified managed device with the alarming processing ability of self in real time, like this, managed device just can be adjusted flow to the management equipment report and alarm according to the Real-time Alarm disposal ability of management equipment, thereby has effectively avoided the generation of network alarm storm.
And management equipment can be controlled the scope of disseminating of its alarming processing ability according to certain strategy.For example, management equipment can send to all managed devices that it is had jurisdiction over by the mode of broadcasting with its alarming processing ability; Management equipment also can only meet its alarming processing ability notice the managed device of some specified conditions.
The scene that embodiment of the invention technical scheme is suitable for is carried out brief description below.
Fig. 3 is an existing network administrative structure model schematic diagram.In the hierarchical model shown in Figure 3, comprise successively from lower to upper: physical NE layer, network element maintenance level, NML and application layer, each layer function is as follows:
Physical NE layer: comprise the various network element devices that telecommunications backbone is online, for example telephone exchange, synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH), PDH (Pseudo-synchronous Digital Hierarchy) (PDH), digital cross connect equipment (DXC), digital data network (DDN) node machine, access network equipment etc.Network element device in the physical NE layer provides all kinds of net element informations by non-standard interface to last layer, report and alarm is arrived the network management system of network element maintenance level when network element device breaks down.
Network element maintenance level: with all kinds of network element devices of backbone network or their Network Management Equipment communicates and protocol translation, all kinds of net element informations are carried out standardization, and be kept at local data base; Take the initiative and passive dual mode provide standardized information data to NML; And the operation interface that provides network element failure alarm, network element to safeguard to the user.The network management system of this layer receives the alarm of physical NE, is shown to the user, and with the network management system of alarm report to NML.
NML: comprehensive all kinds of network element standardized informations, set up the standard information transaction module of the whole network level, and on the basis of information processing model, set up intellectual analysis decision system, specialist processing system, knowledge data base etc., for application layer provides the various information output interface.The network management system of this layer receives the alarm of the network management system of network element maintenance level.
The method that the present invention shown in Figure 1 controls alarm flux can be used for hierarchical model shown in Figure 3.Particularly: the network management system of network element maintenance level can be used the alarm flux of method control network element device shown in Figure 1, and the network management system of NML can be used the alarm flux of the network management system of method control network element maintenance level shown in Figure 1.
In the hierarchical model shown in Figure 3, the network management system of network element maintenance level can be Element management system (EMS), and the network management system of NML can be a network management system (nms).With EMS and NMS tectonic network management system, can form network management hierarchical model as shown in Figure 4.The course of work of each network equipment is as follows in the network layer model shown in Figure 4:
Network element device: report and alarm is to EMS after breaking down.
EMS: comprise fault processing module and northbound interface module, wherein, fault processing module is responsible for receiving the alarm of network element device; The northbound interface module is responsible for connecting with NMS, and the alarm of network element device is forwarded to NMS.
NMS: receive the alarm data that comes from the EMS northbound interface.
In the model shown in Figure 4, connect by Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) between network element device and the EMS, physical equipment adopts the mode report and alarm of SNMP TRAP/INFORM; EMS passes through the mode of SNMPTRAP/INFORM to the NMS report and alarm.
The method of the present invention shown in Figure 1 being controlled alarm flux is applied in the model shown in Figure 4, and then EMS can be used as management equipment, and network element device can be used as managed device, by the alarm flux of EMS control network element device; NMS can be used as management equipment, and EMS can be used as managed device, by the alarm flux of NMS control EMS.
As seen from the above-described embodiment, in the method for the disclosed control alarm flux of the embodiment of the invention, by the alarming processing ability notice managed device of management equipment with self, and by the alarming processing ability of managed device according to management equipment, employing and the corresponding alarm flux of described alarming processing ability are to the management equipment report and alarm, thereby alarm flux has been realized effective control, avoided the generation of network alarm storm.
And, technical solution of the present invention is when finding the sign of network alarm storm, the buffer memory alarm data, make alarm data can not lose, and in network alarm storm releasing back active reporting alarm data again, need not manual intervention, the alarm data that efficiently solves in the network alarm storm is lost problem.
In addition, technical solution of the present invention has versatility, can in system, realize based on the diverse network management agreement, and realize simple, convenient, to the transformation of existing management equipment and managed device seldom.
More than describe the embodiment that the present invention controls the alarm flux method in detail, management equipment, managed device and the system that the present invention is controlled alarm flux is introduced below.
Fig. 5 is the composition structural representation of the management equipment of control alarm flux in the embodiment of the invention.For simplicity's sake, Fig. 5 only illustrates in the management equipment, with the relevant module of control managed device alarm flux, promptly the composition structure of fault processing module in the management equipment is not shown specifically for other modules in the management equipment.Referring to Fig. 5, this management equipment not only comprises: alarm receiver module 510 and alert analysis module 520 also comprise: first flow control module 530.
Wherein, alarm receiver module 510: receive the alarm data come from managed device, and the alarm data that the alarm data of various different-formats is converted to consolidation form is sent to alert analysis module 520.Usually, because each managed device may be produced by different manufacturers, the alarm data that these managed devices produced is not necessarily followed same consensus standard, at this moment, the alarm receiver module can be translated into unified format and send to alert analysis module 520 according to the agreement that management equipment inside is adopted.
Alert analysis module 520: analyze the alarm data that receives, after analysis finishes, carry out persistence and preserve, and alarm data is shown to the user.In the present embodiment, the function of described alert analysis module is same as the prior art, does not repeat them here.
First flow control module 530: be used for determining the current alarming processing ability of management equipment, and with alarming processing ability notice managed device.
In the first flow control module 530 shown in Figure 5, can comprise:
Determine submodule 531, be used for determining the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment;
Ability notice submodule 532, be used for the alarming processing ability that management equipment is current and directly send to managed device, or be used for the current alarming processing ability of management equipment, upgrade the alarming processing ability corresponding management interface current on the managed device with described management equipment.
Corresponding to first kind of form of above-mentioned management equipment notice managed device, described definite submodule 531 can be used for the current alarm flux of handling of statistical management equipment, with described alarm flux as the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment.
Second kind of form corresponding to above-mentioned management equipment notice managed device, described definite submodule 531, can be used for current alarm flux of handling of management of computing equipment and management equipment the ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle, with described ratio as the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment.
The third form corresponding to above-mentioned management equipment notice managed device, described definite submodule 531, can be used for according to current alarm flux of handling of management equipment and management equipment the ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle, determine the alarming processing state that management equipment is current, and the alarming processing state that described management equipment is current is as the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment.For realizing the function of the alarming processing state that above-mentioned definite management equipment is current, can specifically will determine that submodule 531 is divided into as lower unit:
Subelement is set, is used to divide a plurality of ratio ranges,, and the corresponding relation of described ratio range and alarming processing state is offered state determine subelement for each ratio range is provided with the alarming processing state of a correspondence;
The statistics subelement is used for the current alarm flux of handling of statistical management equipment, and the current alarm flux of handling of management equipment that described statistics obtains is sent to the ratio calculation subelement;
The ratio calculation subelement, be used for according to coming from the current alarm flux of handling of the described management equipment of adding up subelement, current alarm flux of handling of management of computing equipment and management equipment the ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle, and the described ratio state of sending to that calculates determined subelement;
State is determined subelement, according to the ratio that comes from the ratio calculation subelement and the ratio range that subelement provides and the corresponding relation of alarming processing state be set, determine the ratio range that described ratio is affiliated, and the pairing alarming processing state of affiliated ratio range is defined as the current alarming processing state of management equipment.
Above-mentioned statistics subelement can be realized by real-time monitoring alarm receiver module and the handled alarm flux of alert analysis module when the current alarm flux of handling of statistical management equipment.
Management equipment shown in Figure 5 can be EMS, and at this moment, managed device is a network element device; Management equipment shown in Figure 5 can also be NMS, and at this moment, managed device is EMS.
As seen from the above-described embodiment, the present invention is by increasing the first flow control module in management equipment, and monitor alarm receiver module and the handled alarm flux of alert analysis module in real time by the first flow control module, determine the alarming processing ability of this management equipment, and then notify managed device in time with this alarming processing ability, realized alarming processing ability control alarm flux, avoided the generation of network alarm storm according to management equipment.
And when finding the sign of network alarm storm, managed device will be by the alarming processing ability buffer memory alarm data of management equipment notice, and so, the alarm data that has solved in the network alarm storm is lost problem.
In addition, technical solution of the present invention has versatility, can in system, realize based on the diverse network management agreement, and realize simple, convenient, to the transformation of existing management equipment and managed device seldom.
Fig. 6 is the composition structural representation of the managed device of control alarm flux in the embodiment of the invention.Referring to Fig. 6, this managed device not only comprises: alarm report module 610 also comprises: second flow-control module 620.
Wherein, second flow-control module 620 is used to obtain the current alarming processing ability of management equipment, and the alarming processing ability current according to described management equipment, determines corresponding alarm flux;
Alarm report module 610, the alarm flux that is used for determining with described second flow-control module 620 is to the management equipment report and alarm.
In second flow-control module 620 shown in Figure 6, can comprise:
Ability is obtained submodule 621, be used to receive the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment that comes from management equipment, or be used for from obtaining the current alarming processing ability of management equipment with the current corresponding management interface of alarming processing ability of described management equipment, the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment is updated to described management interface by management equipment;
Flow is determined submodule 622, is used for the alarming processing ability current according to described management equipment, determines corresponding alarm flux.
Corresponding to first kind of form of above-mentioned management equipment notice managed device, described ability is obtained the current alarming processing ability of management equipment that submodule 621 gets access to and is: the current alarm flux of handling of management equipment.
Corresponding to second kind of form of above-mentioned management equipment notice managed device, described ability is obtained the current alarming processing ability of management equipment that submodule 621 gets access to and is: current alarm flux of handling of described management equipment and management equipment the ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle;
At this moment, may further include in the managed device shown in Figure 6: first memory module 630 is used to store the ratio range that sets in advance and the corresponding relation of alarming processing state;
Described flow is determined to may further include in the submodule 622:
First module 623, according to the ratio range that is provided with and the corresponding relation of alarming processing state, determine with current alarm flux of handling of described management equipment and management equipment the corresponding alarming processing state of ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle, and with described alarming processing state notifying second unit 624.
The third form corresponding to above-mentioned management equipment notice managed device, described ability is obtained the current alarming processing ability of management equipment that submodule 621 gets access to: the alarming processing state that described management equipment is current, described flow is determined to need not to comprise first module 623 in the submodule 622, comprises that second unit 624 gets final product.
Described second unit 624 is used for determining and the corresponding alarm flux of described alarming processing state according to alarming processing state that is provided with and the corresponding relation between the alarm flux, and with described alarm flux notice alarm report module 610.
At this moment, may further include second memory module 640 in the described managed device, be used to store the corresponding relation between alarming processing state and the alarm flux, and provide corresponding relation between described alarming processing state and the alarm flux to second unit 624.
Preferably, when the current alarming processing state of management equipment was idle condition or normal condition, described second unit 624 was used to notify alarm report module 610 normally to the management equipment report and alarm; Described alarm report module 610 is used for the notice according to described second unit 624, normally to the management equipment report and alarm;
When the current alarming processing state of management equipment was busy condition, described second unit 624 was used to notify alarm report module 610 only to report significant alarm to management equipment, buffer memory all alarms except that described significant alarm; Described alarm report module 610 is used for the notice according to described second unit 624, only reports significant alarm to management equipment, all alarm buffer memorys that will be except that described significant alarm;
When the current alarming processing state of management equipment was overload, described second unit 624 was used to notify alarm report module 610 buffer memorys all alarms; Described alarm report module 610 is used for the notice according to described second unit 624, with all alarm buffer memorys.
Further, can comprise in second unit 624:
State variation judgment sub-unit 625, be used for receiving ability and obtain the current alarming processing state of management equipment that submodule 621 sends, when the current alarming processing state of described management equipment is idle condition or normal condition, whether the previous alarming processing state of judging described current alarming processing state is overload or busy condition, if then notify alarm report module 610 to report the alarm of buffer memory;
Described alarm report module 610 is used for that the alarm with buffer memory reports to management equipment according to the notice of described state variation judgment sub-unit 625.
Managed device shown in Figure 6 can be a network element device, and at this moment, management equipment is EMS; Managed device shown in Figure 6 can also be EMS, and at this moment, management equipment is NMS.
As seen from the above-described embodiment, the present invention is by increasing by second flow-control module in managed device, and by the alarming processing ability of second flow-control module according to the management equipment transmission, notice alarm report module with the corresponding alarm flux report and alarm of described alarming processing ability, realized alarming processing ability control alarm flux, avoided the generation of network alarm storm according to management equipment.
And when finding the sign of network alarm storm, managed device will be by the alarming processing ability buffer memory alarm data of management equipment notice, and so, the alarm data that has solved in the network alarm storm is lost problem.
In addition, technical solution of the present invention has versatility, can in system, realize based on the diverse network management agreement, and realize simple, convenient, to the transformation of existing management equipment and managed device seldom.
Can constitute the system that the present invention controls alarm flux by management equipment shown in Figure 5 and managed device shown in Figure 6.Illustrate that below by two embodiment the present invention controls the embodiment of alarm flux system.
Fig. 7 is the composition structural representation of the system of control alarm flux in a preferred embodiment of the present invention.Referring to Fig. 7, Element management system (EMS) is the management equipment in the native system, and network element device A, B, C are the managed devices in the native system.
EMS shown in Figure 7 comprises alarm receiver module, alert analysis module and first flow control module, and the structural relation in the structural relation between each module and the management equipment shown in Figure 5 between each module is identical, does not repeat them here.Each network element device shown in Figure 7 comprises the alarm report module and second flow-control module, and the structural relation in the structural relation between each module and the managed device shown in Figure 6 between each module is identical, sees also the description of appropriate section.The alarm report flow process of system shown in Figure 7 may further comprise the steps:
A, network element device are defined as the node of " the alarming processing ability that management equipment is current " from MIB, obtain the alarming processing state of EMS.
B, when network element device has new alarm to produce, according to the alarming processing state on the MIB node, determine alarm report flow correspondingly.
C, network element device report the fault of network element device to EMS with described definite alarm report flow.
In this step, network element device can adopt the standard mode that defines in this agreement to report fault according to the agreement of being followed between this network element device and the EMS.For example, can report fault by the modes such as SNMP TRAP/INFORM in the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP).
The alarm receiver module of D, EMS receives alarm, the row format of going forward side by side conversion.
E, alert analysis module are carried out analyzing and processing to the alarm that receives, and persistence and be shown to user interface.
The alarm reception condition of F, flow-control module real-time statistics alarm receiver module and the alarming processing situation of alert analysis module draw the current alarming processing state of management equipment.
G, when the alarming processing state that detects EMS when flow-control module changes, by the mode of SNMP broadcasting, with all network element devices in the change notification network of alarming processing state;
H, be recycled to execution in step A.
By above-mentioned flow process as can be seen, network element device all is that alarming processing state according to EMS comes report and alarm.When the disposal ability of EMS is not enough, network element device partly and is all alarmed buffer memory, waits the alarming processing ability of EMS to recover to continue report and alarm more afterwards, will avoid the generation of network alarm storm like this, alarm data in effectively control alarm flux, and the solution network alarm storm is lost problem.
Fig. 8 is the composition structural representation of the system of control alarm flux in another preferred embodiment of the present invention.Referring to Fig. 8, network management system (nms) is the management equipment in the native system, and Element management system (EMS) is the managed device in the native system.The composition structure of NMS and EMS is identical with managed device shown in Figure 6 with management equipment shown in Figure 5 respectively, does not repeat them here.
In the system shown in Figure 8, EMS by the northbound interface module with the alarm report of network element device to NMS; NMS calculates self alarming processing state in real time, and is set on the MIB node of EMS, is determined the mode of report and alarm according to the alarming processing state of NMS by EMS.
As seen from the above-described embodiment, adopt disclosed management equipment of the embodiment of the invention and managed device can form a kind of can be according to the alarming processing ability of management equipment, the network management system of control managed device report and alarm mode, controlled alarm flux effectively, avoided the generation of network alarm storm, and the alarm data that has solved in the network alarm storm is lost problem.
And when finding the sign of network alarm storm, managed device will be by the alarming processing ability buffer memory alarm data of management equipment notice, and so, the alarm data that has solved in the network alarm storm is lost problem.
In addition, technical solution of the present invention has versatility, can in system, realize based on the diverse network management agreement, and realize simple, convenient, to the transformation of existing management equipment and managed device seldom.
The above is preferred embodiment of the present invention only, is not to be used to limit protection scope of the present invention.All any modifications of being done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (23)

1. a method of controlling alarm flux is characterized in that, comprising:
The alarming processing ability notice managed device that management equipment is current with self;
Management equipment receives the alarm that managed device reports, and described alarm is by the managed device alarming processing ability current according to management equipment, adopts corresponding alarm flux to report to management equipment.
2. method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the described management equipment alarming processing ability notice managed device that self is current is:
The management equipment alarming processing ability that self is current directly sends to managed device.
3. method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, management equipment is the current corresponding management interface of alarming processing capabilities setting of described management equipment in advance on managed device;
The described management equipment alarming processing ability notice managed device that self is current is: management equipment is with self current described management interface of alarming processing ability update; Managed device obtains the current alarming processing ability of management equipment from described management interface.
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described methods, it is characterized in that the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment is:
Current alarm flux of handling of management equipment and management equipment the ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle.
5. according to claim 2 or 3 described methods, it is characterized in that the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment is the current alarming processing state of management equipment,
Before the step of the alarming processing ability notice managed device that then described management equipment is current with self, also comprise:
According to current alarm flux of handling of management equipment and management equipment the ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle, determine the alarming processing state that management equipment is current.
6. method according to claim 5 is characterized in that, divides at least one ratio range in advance, for each ratio range is provided with corresponding alarming processing state;
Described according to current alarm flux of handling of management equipment and management equipment the ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle, the step of determining the alarming processing state that management equipment is current comprises: the current alarm flux of handling of statistical management equipment, current alarm flux of handling of management of computing equipment and management equipment the ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle, determine the ratio range that described ratio is affiliated, the pairing alarming processing state of described ratio range is defined as the current alarming processing state of described management equipment.
7. a method of controlling alarm flux is characterized in that, comprising:
Managed device obtains the current alarming processing ability of management equipment;
The alarming processing ability that managed device is current according to management equipment adopts corresponding alarm flux to the management equipment report and alarm.
8. method according to claim 7 is characterized in that, described managed device obtains the current alarming processing ability of management equipment and is:
Managed device receives the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment that comes from management equipment.
9. method according to claim 7 is characterized in that, described managed device obtains the current alarming processing ability of management equipment and is:
Managed device obtains the current alarming processing ability of management equipment from management interface; Described management interface is arranged on the managed device by management equipment, and the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment is updated to described management interface by management equipment.
10. method according to claim 7 is characterized in that, the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment is: current alarm flux of handling of management equipment and management equipment the ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle;
The alarming processing ability that described managed device is current according to management equipment, adopt corresponding alarm flux to comprise to the step of management equipment report and alarm:
Managed device is according to the ratio range that is provided with and the corresponding relation of alarm flux, determine with the current alarm flux of handling of described management equipment and management equipment the corresponding alarm flux of ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle, and with described alarm flux to the management equipment report and alarm;
Perhaps, managed device is according to the ratio range that is provided with and the corresponding relation of alarming processing state, determine and current alarm flux of handling of described management equipment and management equipment the corresponding alarming processing state of ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle; According to the alarming processing state that is provided with and the corresponding relation of alarm flux, employing and the corresponding alarm flux of described alarming processing state are to the management equipment report and alarm.
11. method according to claim 7 is characterized in that, the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment is: the alarming processing state that management equipment is current,
The alarming processing ability that described managed device is current according to management equipment, adopt corresponding alarm flux to comprise to the step of management equipment report and alarm:
According to the alarming processing state that is provided with and the corresponding relation of alarm flux, employing and the corresponding alarm flux of described alarming processing state are to the management equipment report and alarm.
12. according to claim 10 or 11 described methods, it is characterized in that, described according to the alarming processing state that is provided with and the corresponding relation of alarm flux, adopt with the corresponding alarm flux of described alarming processing state to comprise to the step of management equipment report and alarm:
When the current alarming processing state of management equipment was idle condition or normal condition, managed device was normally to the management equipment report and alarm;
When the current alarming processing state of management equipment was busy condition, managed device only reported significant alarm to management equipment, buffer memory all alarms except that described significant alarm;
When the current alarming processing state of management equipment is overload, all alarms of managed device buffer memory.
13. method according to claim 12 is characterized in that, after described managed device buffer memory alarm, further comprises:
Managed device obtains the current alarming processing state of management equipment, if described current alarming processing state is idle condition or normal condition, and the previous alarming processing state of described current alarming processing state is overload or busy condition, and then managed device reports the alarm of buffer memory.
14. a management equipment of controlling alarm flux is characterized in that, comprising:
The first flow control module is used for determining the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment, and with described alarming processing ability notice managed device;
The alarm receiver module is used to receive the alarm that managed device reports, and described alarm is by the managed device alarming processing ability current according to management equipment, adopts corresponding alarm flux to report to management equipment.
15. management equipment according to claim 14 is characterized in that, described first flow control module comprises:
Determine submodule, be used for determining the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment;
Ability notice submodule is used for the alarming processing ability that described management equipment is current and directly sends to managed device.
16. management equipment according to claim 14 is characterized in that, described first flow control module comprises:
Determine submodule, be used for determining the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment;
Ability notice submodule is used for the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment, upgrades the alarming processing ability corresponding management interface current with described management equipment on the managed device.
17. according to claim 15 or 16 described management equipments, it is characterized in that, described definite submodule, be used for current alarm flux of handling of management of computing equipment and management equipment the ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle, obtain the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment.
18. according to claim 15 or 16 described management equipments, it is characterized in that, described definite submodule, be used for according to current alarm flux of handling of management equipment and management equipment the ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle, determine the alarming processing state that management equipment is current, wherein, the current alarming processing state of described management equipment is the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment.
19. a managed device of controlling alarm flux is characterized in that, comprising:
Second flow-control module is used to obtain the current alarming processing ability of management equipment, and the alarming processing ability current according to described management equipment, determines corresponding alarm flux;
The alarm report module is used for described alarm flux to the management equipment report and alarm.
20. managed device according to claim 19 is characterized in that, comprises in described second flow-control module:
Ability is obtained submodule, be used to receive the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment that comes from management equipment, or be used for from obtaining the current alarming processing ability of management equipment with the current corresponding management interface of alarming processing ability of described management equipment, the current alarming processing ability of described management equipment is updated to management interface by management equipment;
Flow is determined submodule, is used for the alarming processing ability current according to described management equipment, determines corresponding alarm flux.
21. managed device according to claim 20 is characterized in that, described flow determines that submodule comprises:
First module, according to the ratio range that is provided with and the corresponding relation of alarming processing state, determine with current alarm flux of handling of described management equipment and management equipment the corresponding alarming processing state of ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle, wherein, the described ability current alarming processing ability of described management equipment obtaining submodule and provide be current alarm flux of handling of described management equipment and management equipment the ratio of the maximum alarm flux that can handle;
Unit second according to alarming processing state that is provided with and the corresponding relation between the alarm flux, is determined and the corresponding alarm flux of described alarming processing state.
22. managed device according to claim 20, it is characterized in that, described flow determines that submodule comprises: Unit second, be used for according to alarming processing state that is provided with and the corresponding relation between the alarm flux, determine and the current corresponding alarm flux of alarming processing state of management equipment, wherein, the described ability current alarming processing ability of described management equipment obtaining submodule and provide is the current alarming processing state of described management equipment.
23. a system that controls alarm flux is characterized in that, comprises the management equipment of control alarm flux as claimed in claim 14 and the managed device of control alarm flux as claimed in claim 19.
CN200710149505A 2007-09-04 2007-09-04 Method for controlling alarm flux, managing equipment, managed equipment and system Expired - Fee Related CN101114945B (en)

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WO2009033391A1 (en) * 2007-09-04 2009-03-19 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. Method, managing equipment, managed equipment and system for controlling alarm flow
CN102082689A (en) * 2011-01-10 2011-06-01 武汉烽火网络有限责任公司 Method for generating equipment alarm information by adopting asynchronous poling mode
CN102082677B (en) * 2009-11-30 2012-10-31 中国移动通信集团天津有限公司 Alarm information processing method, device and system
CN103391207A (en) * 2012-05-08 2013-11-13 上海富欣智能交通控制有限公司 Heterogeneous fault management system
CN101959223B (en) * 2009-07-21 2014-11-12 上海中兴软件有限责任公司 Self-healing control method and self-healing control device of flow-control transport protocol link failure
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WO2009033391A1 (en) * 2007-09-04 2009-03-19 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. Method, managing equipment, managed equipment and system for controlling alarm flow
CN101959223B (en) * 2009-07-21 2014-11-12 上海中兴软件有限责任公司 Self-healing control method and self-healing control device of flow-control transport protocol link failure
CN102082677B (en) * 2009-11-30 2012-10-31 中国移动通信集团天津有限公司 Alarm information processing method, device and system
CN102082689A (en) * 2011-01-10 2011-06-01 武汉烽火网络有限责任公司 Method for generating equipment alarm information by adopting asynchronous poling mode
CN102082689B (en) * 2011-01-10 2013-05-01 武汉烽火网络有限责任公司 Method for generating equipment alarm information by adopting asynchronous poling mode
CN103391207A (en) * 2012-05-08 2013-11-13 上海富欣智能交通控制有限公司 Heterogeneous fault management system
CN103391207B (en) * 2012-05-08 2016-11-16 上海富欣智能交通控制有限公司 The Fault Management System of isomery
CN104283704A (en) * 2013-07-05 2015-01-14 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Method and device for northbound interface to send notification event
CN104283704B (en) * 2013-07-05 2019-03-12 中兴通讯股份有限公司 A kind of northbound interface sends the method and device of notification event
CN105530111A (en) * 2014-10-21 2016-04-27 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Alarm suppression method and system for the Internet of things

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