CN101110878B - Pre-payment business implementing method and its network and network element - Google Patents

Pre-payment business implementing method and its network and network element Download PDF

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CN101110878B
CN101110878B CN 200610098865 CN200610098865A CN101110878B CN 101110878 B CN101110878 B CN 101110878B CN 200610098865 CN200610098865 CN 200610098865 CN 200610098865 A CN200610098865 A CN 200610098865A CN 101110878 B CN101110878 B CN 101110878B
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charging
pre
service
user
network
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CN 200610098865
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CN101110878A (en )
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章李铭
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华为技术有限公司
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Abstract

The present invention discloses a method for realizing pre-charging service and pre-charging service network element and the network, which comprises that the pre-charging service network element establishes a service connection for an user according to the call request originated by the user; the pre-charging service network element and a charging platform perform the charging pre-deducting of the user; according to the charging pre-deducting results, the service connection is maintained or terminated. The present invention provides a pre-charging method for avoiding extending service connection and establishing time delay. The pre-charging method can be applied to all pre-charging services, and because the charging pre-deducting of the user and the service connection establishing are processed in parallel, the time delay established by the user service is greatly reduced, the influence of the pre-charging flow on the service establishing can be ignored, and the user satisfaction is improved.

Description

一种预付费业务实现方法及预付费业务网元和网络 One kind of prepaid service and prepaid service implementation network elements and network

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及通信领域,尤其涉及一种预付费业务实现方法及预付费业务网元和网络。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of communications, particularly to a method for the prepaid service and prepaid service implemented element and network.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着通信技术的发展,传统的通信方式和业务得到了长足的发展,预付费业务成为较为常见的一种通信业务。 [0002] With the development of communication technology, traditional means of communication and business has been great progress, prepaid services become more common form of business communication. 如图I所示,在现有的预付费方案中,当App Server(应用服务器)收到通话/业务请求发起时,先从计费平台预扣费用,如果成功,App Server继续后续的业务逻辑,并进行业务费用监控;当前一次预扣的费用用完,就向计费平台确认扣费,同时再预扣一定费用;当计费平台上预付费帐号上费用用完,则导致预扣失败,此时AppServer会切断业务。 FIG. I, in the conventional prepaid embodiment, when App Server (application server) receives a call / service initiation request, withholding start billing platform costs, if successful, App Server service logic to continue the subsequent , monitoring and operating costs; the cost of the current one runs out withholding, deductions to confirm the billing platform, and then withholding a fee; fee when run on a prepaid billing platform on the account, the failure led to withholding At this time AppServer will cut off the business. 现有技术中,App Server可以是传统的智能网业务系统,典型业务有中国移动的神州行业务,中国联通的如意通业务,固网中的201等卡号业务。 Art, App Server can be a traditional intelligent network service system, a typical business Shenzhouxing China Mobile's business, China Unicom's wishful-business, such as fixed-line network of 201 business card. 上述方案中的App Server也可以是软交换中心,负责呼叫业务的逻辑。 The above scenario App Server can also be a soft switching center is responsible for calling the business logic.

[0003] 下面以PoC(PTT over cellular,在蜂窝系统上实现的PTT)业务为例进行说明。 [0003] In the following PoC (PTT over cellular, cellular system implemented on PTT) service as an example will be described.

[0004] PoC业务的概念来自于对讲机,其用户体验使用方式和对讲机类似——简单、快捷,半双工通话。 The concept [0004] PoC walkie-talkie service from its use and the user experience is similar to walkie-talkies - simple, fast, half-duplex calls. 用户通过预先设定通话群组,通话时无需拨号,按住特定的按键,就可以同时将话音传送给群组中其他所有的成员,按键即讲,呼叫和通话连接过程在瞬间完成。 Talk group set in advance by the user, without dialing during a call, hold down a particular key, can simultaneously transmit voice to all other group members, i.e. talk button, the call and the call connection process is completed in an instant. 而接收方无需任何响应就能接听,通话过程采用半双工的方式,一方在说话时,其他成员只能接听不能说话。 The recipient will be able to answer without any response, call process using a half duplex mode, when speaking at a party, other members can only receive unable to speak.

[0005] 制定PoC标准规范的组织是OMA (Open Mobile Alliance,开放移动联盟),该规范中定义的PoC网络示意如图2所示,是基于IMS(IP Multimedia System ; IP多媒体子系统)的PoC网络(图中的“SIP/IP core”)结构,主要实体简介如下: [0005] PoC develop standards organization is OMA (Open Mobile Alliance, Open Mobile Alliance), defined in this specification a PoC network schematically shown in Figure 2, is based on IMS (IP Multimedia System; IP Multimedia Subsystem) PoC network ( "SIP / IP core" in the figure) structure, main profile following entities:

[0006] PoC Server(PoC服务器):是业务的主要呼叫控制设备,是MS网络的一种Application Server (应用服务器); [0006] PoC Server (PoC Server): is the main call control device service, is a MS Network Application Server (application server);

[0007] PoC XDMS :存储PoC业务需要的群组信息等数据的服务器。 [0007] PoC XDMS: a group information storage server PoC service data required.

[0008] PoC Client (PoC客户端),用户使用该客户端和PoC Server发起、接收PoC呼叫、申请发目权、发目等。 [0008] PoC Client (PoC clients), and the user uses the client initiating PoC Server receives a PoC call, to apply the right head hair, head hair and the like.

[0009] 建立PoC Group Talk(群组呼叫)后,用户可以通过TBCP (Talk BurstControlProtocol,发言控制协议)向PoC Server申请Floor (发言权),只有获得发言权,用户才被准许说话,其说话产生的Talk Burst (媒体流)才能被PoC Server转发到群组的其他成员。 [0009] After establishing PoC Group Talk (group call), users can TBCP (Talk BurstControlProtocol, floor control protocol) the PoC Server Application Floor (voice), only to get voice, you was only allowed to speak, speak their produce the Talk Burst (media stream) PoC Server can be forwarded to other members of the group.

[0010] 作为一种电信业务,PoC也要求实现预付费和后付费等多种灵活的计费方式。 [0010] As a telecommunication service, PoC is also required to achieve pre-paid and post-paid and other flexible billing.

[0011] 图3描述了基于MS的PoC网络架构。 [0011] Figure 3 depicts a network architecture based on a PoC MS. 其中PoC服务器(PoC Server)是PoC业务的主要处理单元,功能包括:PoC会话处理功能、媒体分发功能、谈话权控制处理功能、用户平面的适配功能、不同编码协议的转换功能等。 Wherein the PoC server (PoC Server) is the main processing unit of the PoC service, the function comprising: PoC session handling, a media distribution function, talk right control processing function, a user plane adaptation function, different coding protocol conversion functions.

[0012] 终端侧主要的部分是PoC Client,用来执行PoC的呼叫处理、媒体处理等。 [0012] The main part of the terminal is a PoC Client side, for performing PoC call processing, and other media processing. 、[0013] 呈现服务器(Presence Server)的功能是接收并存储UE公布的呈现信息,并分发到PoC客户端。 , [0013] Presence Server (Presence Server) function is to receive and store presence information published by UE, and distributed to PoC client. 常见的呈现信息有“是否在线”、“免打扰”等。 Common information presented there "are online," "Do Not Disturb" and so on.

[0014] XML文件管理服务器(XDMS)用于管理PoC业务所需的群组和列表。 [0014] XML Document Management Server (XDMS) for the group and a list of required management PoC service. 提供PoC组信息的增加、修改、删除以及组的授权和控制等功能。 Increase the availability of PoC group information, modify, delete, and group authorization and control functions. 在頂S网络架构中,Ut接口提供XDMS和UE之间的通信功能。 Top S network architecture, Ut interface provides communication between the XDMS function and the UE.

[0015] 由此可见,在实现预付费业务的时候,现有技术一般在业务服务器收到呼叫发起请求的时候,暂时挂起呼叫处理流程,先通过计费协议向计费平台进行费用预扣。 [0015] Thus, when the prepaid business, the prior art generally received when a call initiated the request in the server business, temporarily suspend call processing flow, the cost of withholding to be first billing platform by charging protocol . 以确保用户的账户余额能支付后续的业务使用,只有当计费平台返回响应的时候才继续呼叫流程的处理,因此会增加呼叫建立的时延。 To ensure that the user's account balance can be paid subsequent business use only when billing platform returns a response when it continues call processing process, thus increasing latency call setup.

[0016] 这种预付费流程能确保精确计费,保护运营商的利益,但是也存在一个明显的缺点,即会延长呼叫的建立时延,只有在计费平台返回响应的时候,呼叫流程继续处理。 [0016] This process ensures precise pre-paid billing, to protect the interests of operators, but there is an obvious disadvantage that will extend the delay in establishing the call, only to return a response in time billing platform, call flow continues deal with. 虽然该缺点对某些时延要求不高的电信业务而言影响可以忽略,但是对于像PoC这样对建立时延极其苛刻的业务,是不可接受的,会影响用户的感受。 Although this drawback for some delay less demanding telecommunications business impact is negligible, but for this to be like PoC delay in establishing a very demanding business, is unacceptable, it will affect the user experience.

[0017] 发明内容 [0017] SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0018] 本发明提供一种预付费业务的实现方法和预付费业务网元及网络,用以解决现有技术中存在的预付费方案带来时延过大的问题。 [0018] The present invention provides a method implemented prepaid service and prepaid service network element and the network to solve the prior art prepaid solutions present the problem of excessive delay caused.

[0019] 本发明方法包括: [0019] The method of the present invention comprises:

[0020] 一种预付费业务实现方法,包括: [0020] A prepaid service implementation, including:

[0021] 预付费业务网元根据用户发起呼叫请求为所述用户建立业务连接; [0021] The prepaid service network element initiates a call request to establish a service connection to the user according to the user;

[0022] 所述预付费业务网元与计费平台进行所述用户的费用预扣; [0022] The prepaid service network element and billing platform for the user fee withholding;

[0023] 根据所述用户费用预扣结果,保持所述业务连接或者终止所述业务连接。 [0023] The cost to the user withholding result, maintaining the connection or termination of the service traffic connection.

[0024] 所述预付费业务网元为所述用户建立业务连接的步骤与预付费业务网元与计费平台进行所述用户的费用预扣的步骤同时进行。 [0024] The prepaid service network element step of establishing a connection to the business user with prepaid service network element and billing platform step of the user fee withholding simultaneously.

[0025] 所述的方法,如果所述用户费用预扣成功,则保持所述业务连接。 [0025] The method, if the user fee deduction succeeds, the service connection is maintained.

[0026] 所述的方法,如果所述用户费用预扣成功,保持所述业务连接后,还包括后续再次进行用户费用预扣的步骤。 [0026] The method, if the user fee deduction succeeds, the service connection is maintained, further comprising the step of withholding a subsequent user fees again.

[0027] 所述的方法,如果所述用户费用预扣成功,保持所述业务连接后,还包括预付费业务网元监视所述用户通话状态的步骤。 [0027] The method, if the user fee deduction succeeds, the service connection is maintained, further comprising monitoring the user element prepaid network service call state step.

[0028] 所述的方法,如果所述用户费用预扣失败,则终止所述业务连接。 [0028] The method, if the user fails to withhold the cost, the service connection is terminated.

[0029] 所述预付费业务网元终止所述业务连接后,向所述用户返回终止业务连接原因。 After [0029] The prepaid service network element terminating the service connection, the user is returned to the terminating connection for business reasons.

[0030] 所述预付费业务网元终止所述业务连接后,向所述计费平台上报所述用户的欠费信息。 After [0030] The prepaid service network element terminating the service connection, the user reports the delinquent information to the charging platform.

[0031] 所述的方法,当所述用户进行费用预存时,所述计费平台在所预存费用中,扣除所述欠费。 [0031] The method, when the user charges stored, pre-stored in the billing platform costs, deduct the arrears.

[0032] 所述预付费业务网元为应用服务器,或POC服务器,或呼叫处理单元,或交换中心,或智能网业务交换点。 [0032] The prepaid service network element is an application server, or POC server, or a call processing unit, or the switching center or the intelligent network service switching point.

[0033] 所述计费平台为智能网业务控制点。 [0033] The billing intelligent network platform for the service control point.

[0034] 所述预付费业务网元与计费平台之间,所使用计费协议,为智能网计费协议信令或Radius/Diameter计费协议信令。 [0034] The prepaid service between the network element and billing platform, accounting protocol used for charging intelligent network signaling protocol or Radius / Diameter accounting protocol signaling. [0035] 本发明预付费业务网元包括: [0035] The present invention prepaid service network element comprising:

[0036] 一种预付费业务网元,包括: [0036] A prepaid service elements, including:

[0037] 业务连接建立单元,根据用户发起呼叫请求为所述用户建立业务连接; [0037] service connection establishment unit establishes a service connection request to initiate a call to the user according to the user;

[0038] 费用预扣单元,用于与所述计费平台进行所述用户的费用预扣; Cost [0038] Cost withholding means for the user to the billing platform withholding;

[0039] 连接状态控制单元,根据所述用户费用预扣结果,保持所述业务连接或者终止所述业务连接。 [0039] connection state control unit, according to the user fee deduction result, maintaining the connection or termination of the service traffic connection.

[0040] 所述的预付费业务网元,还包括: [0040] The prepaid service network element, further comprising:

[0041] 连接控制单元,用于控制业务连接建立单元为所述用户建立业务连接和费用预扣单元与计费平台进行所述用户的费用预扣操作同时进行。 [0041] connected to a control unit for controlling the traffic connection establishment unit establishes a service connection for the user and charges the charging unit and the withholding of the cost of the user platform withholding operations are performed simultaneously.

[0042] 所述的预付费业务网元,还包括: [0042] The prepaid service network element, further comprising:

[0043] 监视单元,用于监视所述用户通话状态。 [0043] The monitoring unit for monitoring the user call.

[0044] 所述的预付费业务网元,还包括: [0044] The prepaid service network element, further comprising:

[0045] 终止业务连接原因发送单元,用于在用户费用预扣失败,终止所述业务连接时,向所述用户返回终止业务连接原因。 [0045] The reason to terminate the service connection transmitting means for withholding costs when the user fails to terminate the service connection, service connection termination reason returned to the user.

[0046] 所述的预付费业务网元,还包括: [0046] The prepaid service network element, further comprising:

[0047] 用户欠费信息上报单元,用于在终止所述业务连接后,向所述计费平台上报所述用户的欠费信息。 [0047] arrears user information reporting means for after the termination of the service connection, the user reports the delinquent information to the charging platform.

[0048] 本发明一种预付费业务网络包括: [0048] The present invention provides a prepaid service network comprising:

[0049] 一种预付费业务网络,包括预付费业务网元和与其相连的计费系统,所述预付费业务网元包括: [0049] A prepaid service network, including prepaid charging system and a service network element connected thereto, the prepaid service network element comprising:

[0050] 业务连接建立单元,根据用户发起呼叫请求为所述用户建立业务连接; [0050] service connection establishment unit establishes a service connection request to initiate a call to the user according to the user;

[0051] 费用预扣单元,用于与所述计费平台进行所述用户的费用预扣; Cost [0051] Cost withholding means for the user to the billing platform withholding;

[0052] 连接状态控制单元,根据所述用户费用预扣结果,保持所述业务连接或者终止所述业务连接。 [0052] connection state control unit, according to the user fee deduction result, maintaining the connection or termination of the service traffic connection.

[0053] 所述预付费业务网元还包括: [0053] The prepaid service network element further comprises:

[0054] 连接控制单元,用于控制业务连接建立单元为所述用户建立业务连接和费用预扣单元与计费平台进行所述用户的费用预扣操作同时进行。 [0054] connected to a control unit for controlling the traffic connection establishment unit establishes a service connection for the user and charges the charging unit and the withholding of the cost of the user platform withholding operations are performed simultaneously.

[0055] 所述预付费业务网元还包括: [0055] The prepaid service network element further comprises:

[0056] 监视单元,用于监视所述用户通话状态。 [0056] The monitoring unit for monitoring the user call.

[0057] 所述预付费业务网元还包括: [0057] The prepaid service network element further comprises:

[0058] 终止业务连接原因发送单元,用于在用户费用预扣失败,终止所述业务连接时,向所述用户返回终止业务连接原因。 [0058] The reason to terminate the service connection transmitting means for withholding costs when the user fails to terminate the service connection, service connection termination reason returned to the user.

[0059] 所述预付费业务网元还包括: [0059] The prepaid service network element further comprises:

[0060] 用户欠费信息上报单元,用于在终止所述业务连接后,向所述计费平台上报所述用户的欠费信息。 [0060] arrears user information reporting means for after the termination of the service connection, the user reports the delinquent information to the charging platform.

[0061] 本发明提出一种可以避免延长业务连接建立时延的预付费实现方法及预付费业务网元和预付费业务网络。 [0061] The present invention proposes a traffic connection established to avoid prolonged delay prepaid prepaid services implemented method and network element and the network prepayment service. 这种预付费方案应用于各种预付费业务,由于用户的费用预扣与建立业务连接并行处理,使得用户业务建立的时延大为减小,可以忽略预付费流程对业务建立的影响,提高用户满意度。 This pre-paid scheme used in various pre-paid business, because the user's expense withholding and establish business connections in parallel, so that business users to establish delay greatly reduced, negligible impact on the prepaid business processes to establish and improve customer satisfaction. [0062] 本发明提供的预付费方法也可以应用在其他的预付费解决方案中。 [0062] The prepayment method of the present invention may also be applied to provide other prepaid solutions. 例如原来的智能网预付费解决方案中,或者3G/NGN网络中软交换,IMS子系统的业务系统中。 For example, the original intelligent network prepaid solutions, or 3G / NGN network softswitch, IMS subsystem business systems.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0063] 图I为现有技术中预付费业务流程示意图; [0063] Figure I is a schematic flow diagram of the prepaid service in the prior art;

[0064] 图2为现有技术中OMA PoC规范的网络结构示意图; [0064] FIG. 2 is a prior art schematic diagram of a network structure of the OMA PoC specifications;

[0065] 图3为现有技术中PoC系统的网络结构示意图; [0065] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a network structure PoC system in the prior art;

[0066] 图4为本发明方案预付费业务网络结构示意图; [0066] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the invention embodiment prepaid services network structure;

[0067] 图5为本发明预付费业务网元结构示意图; [0067] Fig 5 a schematic view of the prepaid service network element structure of the present invention;

[0068] 图6为本发明预付费业务的流程示意图; [0068] Fig 6 a schematic flow diagram of the prepaid service of the present invention;

[0069] 图7为本发明方案预付费业务费用预扣成功的流程示意图; [0069] FIG. 7 embodiment of the present invention, the prepaid service fee deducted successful pre schematic flow;

[0070] 图8为本发明方案预付费业务费用预扣失败的流程示意图; [0070] FIG. 8 of the present invention is a prepaid service fees pre-deduction fails schematic flow;

[0071] 图9为本发明方案预付费业务在PoC系统中应用,费用预扣成功的流程示意图; [0071] FIG. 9 of the present invention is applied prepaid service in a PoC system, the cost of a successful pre-deduction schematic flow;

[0072] 图10是本发明例3中解决用户恶意试呼的方案流程图; [0072] FIG. 10 is an embodiment of the present invention to solve the three call attempts malicious user program flowchart;

[0073] 图11为本发明方案预付费业务在智能网中应用,费用预扣成功的流程示意图; [0073] FIG. 11 of the present invention is a prepaid service in an intelligent network applications, the cost of a successful pre-deduction schematic flow;

[0074] 图12为本发明方案预付费业务在智能网中应用,费用预扣失败的流程示意图。 [0074] FIG. 12 of the present invention is a prepaid service in an intelligent network applications, the cost of the pre-deduction fails schematic flow chart.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0075] 下面结合说明书附图来说明本发明的具体实施方式。 [0075] the following description in conjunction with the drawings illustrate specific embodiments of the present invention.

[0076] 本发明提出一种可以避免延长业务连接建立时延的预付费实现方法,使业务连接的建立过程和费用预扣过程并发进行,即服务器在收到业务连接请求的时候,正常进行业务连接处理,建立业务连接;同时向计费平台进行费用预扣过程,如果计费平台返回用户帐户费用不足,则立即拆除业务连接,否则业务正常进行。 [0076] The present invention proposes a connection is established to avoid prolonged prepaid service implementation delay, cost and make the process of establishing the service connection withholding process concurrently, i.e., when the server receives the service connection request, the normal service the connection process, establish business connections; at the same time withholding fee to process billing platform, if less than the cost of billing platform to return the user account, then immediately dismantle service connection, otherwise business as normal. 这种方法在遇到用户余额不足的时候,可能会导致计费有少数损失,不过计费平台可以把不足的费用作为欠费记录下来,等用户账户充值后再扣除。 This approach is insufficient in the face of the balance of the user, may result in the loss of a small number of billing, billing platform but can cost less than recorded as arrears, and other user account recharge after deductions. 这种预付费方法的应用,可以大大减小预付费过程对呼叫建立的影响,达到最佳效果。 Application of this method of pre-paid, can greatly reduce the impact of pre-paid call setup process, achieve the best results.

[0077] 下面以呼叫业务连接建立过程为例进行说明,其他业务的方案与此类似处理即可。 [0077] In the following the call service connection establishment procedure as an example, the processing programs and other services can be similar.

[0078] 如图4所示,是本发明预付费业务实现方法的网络结构示意图,从图中可见,主要包括: [0078] As shown in FIG 4 is a schematic view of a network structure of the present invention, the prepaid service implemented method, seen from the figure, including:

[0079] 负责预付费业务用户呼叫处理的预付费业务网元100,负责处理呼叫业务逻辑,同时作为计费发起方根据其业务逻辑向计费平台发起扣费/预留等预付费请求。 [0079] The user is responsible for the prepaid service pre-paid call processing service network element 100 responsible for handling the call service logic, both as charging initiator initiate chargeback / reservation request to other prepaid billing platform according to their business logic.

[0080] 该预付费业务网元可以为各种应用服务器,典型的例如PoC服务器,传统的智能电信业务服务器,呼叫处理单元,交换中心,或智能网业务交换点等。 [0080] The prepaid service network element may be a variety of application servers, the PoC server typical example, a conventional intelligent telecommunications service server, the call processing unit, the switching center or the intelligent network service switching point and the like.

[0081] 负责对用户预付费进行管理的计费平台200,存放用户账户余额信息,并响应应用服务器进行预扣/预留等请求进行预扣/预留服务。 [0081] user is responsible for the management of pre-paid billing platform 200, storing user account balance information, and in response to the application server for withholding / reservation requests and other withholding / Priceline. 用户可以通过一定的途径对其账户进行充值。 Users can recharge their account through a certain way. 该计费平台可以包含0CS(0nline Charging System,在线计费系统)和/或Q)F (Charging Data Function,计费话单功能实体)。 The billing platform may comprise 0CS (0nline Charging System, OCS) and / or Q) F (Charging Data Function, the CDR function entity). OCS和⑶F可以存在于PoC服务器或IMS系统的其他实体,例如S-CSCF或者P-CSCF中。 And the OCS may be present in ⑶F PoC server or other entity of the IMS system, e.g. S-CSCF or the P-CSCF. [0082] 上述预付费业务网元和计费平台之间为通过计费协议交互。 [0082] between the prepaid service platform for network element and billing through the billing protocol interaction. 计费协议可以是传统的智能网信令,也可以是Radius/Diameter等其他的计费协议信令。 Charging protocol may be a conventional intelligent network signaling, it can also be Radius / Diameter accounting protocol signaling other.

[0083] 此外,上述预付费业务网元和计费平台之间可以是一种可信的关系,例如部署在运营商的同一个域内部,也可以通过一定的认证鉴权过程进行相互认证,此处不再赘述。 [0083] Further, the prepaid billing between service platforms and network elements may be a trusted relationship between, for example, deployed in the same region portion carrier, mutual authentication can be certified by certain authentication process, not repeat them here.

[0084] 如图5所示,是该预付费业务网络中,预付费业务网元100的结构示意图,从图中可见,其主要包括如下结构: [0084] As shown in FIG 5, the prepaid service is a network structural element 100 is a schematic view of prepaid service network, seen from the figure, which includes the following structure:

[0085] 业务连接建立单元101,根据用户发起呼叫请求为所述用户建立业务连接; [0085] service connection establishing unit 101, initiates a call request to establish a service connection to the user according to the user;

[0086] 费用预扣单元102,用于与所述计费平台进行所述用户的费用预扣; [0086] Cost withholding unit 102, the cost for the user and the billing platform withholding;

[0087] 连接状态控制单元103,根据所述用户费用预扣结果,保持所述业务连接或者终止所述业务连接。 [0087] connection state control unit 103, according to the user fee deduction result, maintaining the connection or termination of the service traffic connection.

[0088] 进一步,该预付费业务网元100还包括: [0088] Further, the prepaid service network element 100 further comprises:

[0089] 连接控制单元104,用于控制业务连接建立单元为所述用户建立业务连接和费用预扣单元与计费平台进行所述用户的费用预扣操作同时进行。 [0089] The connection control unit 104 for controlling operation of withholding cost service connection establishment unit establishes a service connection for the user and charges the charging unit and withholding the user platform simultaneously.

[0090] 监视单元105,用于监视所述用户通话状态。 [0090] The monitoring unit 105, for monitoring the call state of the user.

[0091] 终止业务连接原因发送单元106,用于在用户费用预扣失败,终止所述业务连接时,向所述用户返回终止业务连接原因。 [0091] The reason to terminate the service connection transmitting unit 106, when the user charges for withholding fails, terminating the service connection, service connection termination reason returned to the user.

[0092] 用户欠费信息上报单元107,用于在终止所述业务连接后,向所述计费平台上报所述用户的欠费信息。 [0092] User delinquent information reporting unit 107, for the connection after the termination of the service, the user reports the delinquent information to the charging platform.

[0093] 如图6所示,是本发明方案的主流程图,从图中可见,主要包括以下步骤: [0093] As shown in FIG. 6 is a main flowchart of the embodiment of the present invention, seen from the drawing, includes the following steps:

[0094] S601、预付费业务网元根据用户发起呼叫请求为所述用户建立通话连接。 [0094] S601, the prepaid service network element initiates a call request to establish a call connection to the user according to the user.

[0095] 当用户需要使用预付费业务时,其向负责付费业务用户呼叫处理的预付费业务网元发起呼叫请求,预付费业务网元根据所述呼叫请求,在第一时间内为所述用户建立通话连接,这样预付费用户就不必等待预付费业务网元与计费系统之间进行费用预扣等操作,直接由预付费业务网元建立起该用户的通话连接,使用户感受不到计费处理产生的时延。 [0095] When a user needs to use the prepaid service charge which prepaid service subscriber call processing network element is responsible for initiating a call request to the prepaid service network element according to the call request, the first time for the user establish a voice connection, so users do not have to wait for prepaid prepaid expense withholding and other operations carried out between the network element and billing system business, direct business network consists of pre-paid yuan to establish the user's call connection, allowing users to feel meter delays resulting fee processing.

[0096] S602、预付费业务网元与计费平台进行所述用户的费用预扣。 [0096] S602, the cost of prepaid service network element and billing platform the user withholding.

[0097] 在预付费业务网元为所述用户建立通话连接的同时,预付费业务网元与计费平台进行所述用户的本次业务的费用预扣,预付费业务网元与计费平台的费用预扣过程以及采用的方案,可以参照现有技术的相关内容确定,在此不再赘述。 [0097] While prepaid service elements to establish a call connection to the user, prepaid service network element and billing platform for the business user the cost of withholding, prepaid service network element and billing platform process and withholding cost scheme employed, the prior art can refer to the content determined, which will not be repeated herein.

[0098] S603、根据所述用户费用预扣结果,保持所述通话连接或者终止所述通话连接。 [0098] S603, according to the user fee deduction result, the call connection is maintained or terminating the call connection.

[0099] 根据S602的费用预扣结果,预付费业务网元决定是否保持对所述用户已经建立的通话连接。 [0099] According to the results of withholding S602 costs, prepaid service network element to decide whether to remain connected to the call that the user has created.

[0100] 如果所述用户费用预扣成功,则保持所述通话连接。 [0100] If the user fee deduction is successful, the call connection is maintained.

[0101] 如果所述用户费用预扣失败,则终止所述通话连接,所述预付费业务网元终止所述通话连接后,向所述用户返回终止通话原因,并由预付费业务网元向所述计费平台上报所述用户的欠费信息。 [0101] If the user fee deduction fails, terminating the call connection, the prepaid service network element after the termination of the call connection, the user is returned to terminate the call reason, by the prepaid service NE reporting to the charging platform information of the user arrears.

[0102] 上述方案中,如果所述用户费用预扣成功,保持所述通话连接后,还包括后续再次进行用户费用预扣的步骤。 [0102] In the above embodiment, if the user fee deduction is successful, the call connection was maintained, further comprising the step of withholding a subsequent user fees again.

[0103] 在用户费用预扣成功,保持所述通话连接后,预付费业务网元还要监视所述用户通话状态,如果用户通话状态发生了变化,预付费业务网元要依据所述的状态变化与计费平台及时确认所述用户的预付费使用情况,比如当用户结束本次预付费业务时,预付费业务网元要及时向计费平台发送费用确认,确认用户使用费用。 [0103] After the user fee withholding success, to maintain the call connection, prepaid service network element of the user but also monitor call status, call status if the user has changed, prepaid service network element according to the state to change and timely billing platform to confirm the prepaid user usage, such as when the user ends the prepaid service, prepaid service network element must promptly send an acknowledgment to the billing platform costs are recognized user fees.

[0104] 上述方案中,由于预付费业务网元在接收到用户呼叫请求后,立即为所述用户建立通话连接,然后才与计费平台之间协商所述用户的费用预扣,这样如果费用预扣操作失败,则预付费业务网元已经为所述用户提供了一段时间的预付费业务,而这一段时间的预付费业务并没有被付费,针对该种情况,在用户费用预扣失败,预付费业务网元终止所述通话连接后,由预付费业务网元向所述用户返回终止通话原因,并由预付费业务网元向所述计费平台上报所述用户的欠费信息。 [0104] In the above embodiment, since the prepaid service network element after receiving the paging request, immediately establishing a call connection for the user, before the negotiation between the user fee deduction and billing platform, so that if the cost withholding operation fails, the prepaid service elements already provided for some time prepaid service for the user, but this time the prepaid business has not been paid, for this case, the user fee withholding failure, after prepaid service network element terminating the call is connected, by a prepaid service user is returned to the network element terminating the call reason, by the prepaid service arrears NE reports the user information to the charging platform. 当所述用户进行费用预存时,所述计费平台在所预存费用中,优先扣除所述欠费。 When the user charges stored, pre-stored in the billing platform costs, priority deduct the arrears.

[0105] 下面结合具体的实例,来说明本发明的实现方式。 [0105] Next, with reference to specific examples to illustrate the implementation of the invention.

[0106] 例I、预付费业务网元为应用服务器,呼叫建立后费用成功预扣流程: [0106] Example I, prepaid service network element is an application server, a successful call set-up fee after withholding process:

[0107] 如图7是呼叫建立的时候,用户余额充足,可以满足呼叫费用情况下的预付费流程,包括如下步骤: [0107] FIG. 7 is a call establishment, the user sufficient balance, the flow in the prepaid call charges meet, including the steps of:

[0108] S701、用户向应用服务器发起一个呼叫请求。 [0108] S701, the user initiates a call request to the application server.

[0109] S702、应用服务器立即处理用户的呼叫请求,按照正常的后付费业务流程处理。 [0109] S702, the application server processes the call request of the user immediately, pay business process in accordance with the normal post. 同时启动另外一个并行任务,进行费用预扣的操作。 At the same time start another parallel tasks were withholding the cost of operation.

[0110] S703、应用服务器根据业务的特点向计费平台发送费用预扣请求,比如“5分钟PoC业务费用”或者“O. 8元”等。 [0110] S703, the application server according to the charging characteristics of the operational costs withholding platform sends a request, such as "five minutes PoC operational costs" or "O. 8 dollars" and the like.

[0111] S704、计费平台进行费用预扣后,向应用服务器返回费用预扣成功的结果。 [0111] S704, the billing platform costs withholding, to the application server returns the cost of withholding a successful outcome.

[0112] S705、收到费用预扣成功的消息后,应用服务器不打断当前用户的正常业务,当前用户继续进行呼叫。 After the [0112] S705, withholding payment of the fee success message, the application server without interrupting the current user's normal course of business, current users continue to make a call.

[0113] S706、计费平台通过启动定时期等手段监视所述用户的业务使用量。 [0113] S706, the accounting platform used by traffic means to start monitoring the given period and other user.

[0114] S707、当一个计费周期结束,前一次预扣费用用完时,应用服务器向计费平台发送“上次费用确认和下次预扣请求”。 [0114] S707, when the end of a billing cycle, when the previous withholding fee is used up, the application server sends a "last and the next to confirm the cost of withholding request" to the billing platform.

[0115] S708、计费平台返回“费用确认和预扣”的成功应答。 [0115] S708, the billing platform of the "expense recognition and withholding" successful response.

[0116] S709、计费平台监视到用户本次呼叫结束。 [0116] S709, user billing platform to monitor this call ends.

[0117] S710、应用服务器向计费平台发送“上次费用确认(部分)”,通知计费平台最后的扣费周期中实际使用的费用。 [0117] S710, the application server sends billing platform "to confirm the cost of the last (part)", the final cost of the chargeback billing cycle notification platform actually used.

[0118] S711、计费平台返回“费用确认”的成功应答。 [0118] S711, the billing platform of the "costs that are" successful response.

[0119] S712、应用服务器根据计费情况生成CDR(Call Detail Record,详细呼叫记录)。 [0119] S712, the application server generates a CDR (Call Detail Record, call detail recording) in accordance with the accounting situation.

[0120] S713、计费平台根据扣费情况生成⑶R。 [0120] S713, generates a billing platform according ⑶R chargeback situation.

[0121] 上述流程中S706〜S708步骤会根据呼叫时间长度不同重复多次。 [0121] The process step S706~S708 will vary according to the length of time of the call repeated multiple times.

[0122] 上述过程中,与一般预付费业务实现流程最大的区别在于,步骤S702中的呼叫处理正常进行,同时启动一个并行的预扣任务。 The difference between [0122] the above-described process, the general pre-paid business processes to achieve the maximum that the call processing is normally performed in step S702, and start a parallel task to withhold. 即S703、S704两步与S702/S705两步是并行的,可以没有先后关系。 That S703, S704 and the two steps S702 / S705 are two steps in parallel, it may have no relationship. S704与S706才存在顺序关系;这里呼叫处理和费用预扣是并行处理,不必等计费平台返回费用预扣结果;而在一般的预付费过程中呼叫处理和费用预扣是串行处理的,只有等到计费平台返回费用预扣结果的时候,才能根据费用预扣结果进行呼叫处理。 S704 and S706 until the sequential relationship exists; where call processing and parallel processing cost is withheld, without waiting for withholding billing platform return costs result; prepaid calls and general handling and cost in the process is withholding serial processing, only until the billing platform of the cost of withholding results when, in order to perform call processing according to the cost of withholding the results.

[0123] 例2、呼叫建立时预扣失败的处理流程:[0124] 如图8是预付费业务网元为应用服务器,呼叫建立时首次费用预扣失败的预付费流程,从图中可见,包括以下步骤: [0123] Example 2, when the call establishment fails withholding processing flow: [0124] FIG. 8 is a prepaid service network element is an application server, the cost of the call for the first time when the failure withholding prepayment establishment process, seen from the drawing, comprising the steps of:

[0125] S801、用户向应用服务器发起一个呼叫请求。 [0125] S801, the user initiates a call request to the application server.

[0126] S802、应用服务器立即处理用户的呼叫请求,按照正常的后付费业务流程处理,同时启动另外一个并行任务,进行费用预扣的操作。 [0126] S802, the application server processes the call request of the user immediately, pay business process in accordance with the normal, while a further parallel task starts, the cost for the operation of withholding.

[0127] S803、应用服务器根据业务的特点向计费平台发送费用预扣请求,比如“5分钟PoC业务费用”或者“O. 8元”等。 [0127] S803, the application server according to the charging characteristics of the operational costs withholding platform sends a request, such as "five minutes PoC operational costs" or "O. 8 dollars" and the like.

[0128] S804、计费平台进行费用预扣,本实例中费用预扣失败,向应用服务器返回费用预扣失败的结果。 [0128] S804, the cost of withholding billing platform, in this instance the cost of their failure to withhold, withhold returns a result cost of failure to the application server. 此处的费用预扣失败原因很多,典型的是,用户余额不足,用户欠费,用户账户冻结等。 Here withholding cost a lot of reasons for the failure, typically, less than the balance of the user, the user arrears, user accounts freeze.

[0129] S805、收到费用预扣失败的消息后,应用服务器中断当前用户的正常业务,向用户返回呼叫结束原因。 After the [0129] S805, payment of the fee withholding failure message, the application server interrupts the current user's normal course of business, return call end reason to the user.

[0130] S806、应用服务器向计费平台上报欠费信息,例如“I分钟PoC使用费用”,或者“O. 18 元”等。 [0130] S806, the application server reports the information to the billing platform arrears, for example, "the I min PoC use rate" or "O. 18 Yuan" and the like.

[0131] S807、计费平台保存该用户欠费信息后向应用服务器返回确认响应。 [0131] S807, the billing platform saves the user information to the application server returns arrears acknowledgment.

[0132] S808、应用服务器根据计费情况生成⑶R。 [0132] S808, the application server generates ⑶R according to the charging conditions.

[0133] S809、计费平台根据扣费情况生成⑶R。 [0133] S809, generates a billing platform according ⑶R chargeback situation.

[0134] 在实例2的流程中,在应用服务器收到费用预扣失败的信息时,就启动呼叫结束流程。 When [0134] In the process of Example 2, the cost of withholding information received in an application server fails, you start the call ends the process. 此处把费用预扣失败作为一个呼叫结束的触发原因,对原有的业务流程影响比较小。 Here the cost of withholding failure as a reason to trigger the end of the call, the original business process impact is relatively small.

[0135] 此外,费用预扣失败也可以发生在中间计费环节,处理过程与首次费用预扣失败基本相同。 [0135] In addition, the cost of withholding failure can also occur in the middle part of the billing, processing costs and for the first time failed to withhold basically the same.

[0136] 本发明方案还可以在多个网络环境下应用。 [0136] embodiment of the present invention can also be applied in a plurality of network environments.

[0137] 例3、预付费在PoC业务中的应用流程: [0137] Example 3, a prepaid application flow in the PoC service:

[0138] 如图9所示,是本发明方案在PoC业务中的应用,实例3是预扣费用成功的流程,包括如下步骤: [0138] As shown in FIG. 9, the embodiment of the present invention is applied in the PoC service, and Example 3 was successful fee withholding process, comprising the steps of:

[0139] S901、用户向PoC务器发起一个呼叫请求。 [0139] S901, the user initiates a call request to the PoC service unit.

[0140] S902、PoC服务器立即处理用户的呼叫请求,按照正常的后付费业务流程处理。 [0140] S902, PoC server immediately processes the call request of the user, paying business process in accordance with the normal post. 同时启动另外一个并行任务,进行费用预留操作。 At the same time start another parallel tasks, operating costs were reserved.

[0141] S903、PoC服务器根据业务的特点向计费平台发送费用预扣请求。 [0141] S903, PoC server according to the characteristics of the business to transmit billing platform costs withholding request.

[0142] S904、计费平台进行费用预扣后,向PoC服务器返回费用预扣成功的结果。 [0142] S904, the billing platform costs withholding, to the PoC server returns the cost of withholding a successful outcome.

[0143] S905、收到费用预扣成功的消息后,PoC服务器不打断当前用户的正常业务,当前用户继续进行呼叫。 After the [0143] S905, withholding payment of the fee success message, PoC server without interrupting the current user's normal course of business, current users continue to make a call.

[0144] S906、计费平台通过启动定时期等手段监视所述用户的业务使用量。 [0144] S906, the accounting platform used by traffic means to start monitoring the given period and other user.

[0145] S907、当一个计费周期结束,前一次预扣费用用完时,PoC服务器向计费平台发送“上次费用确认和下次预扣请求”。 [0145] S907, when the end of a billing cycle, the previous withholding fee runs out, PoC server sends billing platform, "the last and the next to confirm the cost of withholding request."

[0146] S908、计费平台返回费用预扣成功应答。 [0146] S908, the cost of billing platform to return to withhold a successful response.

[0147] S909、计费平台监视到用户本次呼叫结束。 [0147] S909, user billing platform to monitor this call ends.

[0148] S910、PoC服务器向计费平台发送“上次费用确认(部分)”,通知计费平台最后的扣费周期中实际使用的费用。 [0148] S910, PoC server sends billing platform "to confirm the cost of the last (part)", the final cost of the chargeback billing cycle notification platform actually used. [0149] S911、计费平台返回“费用确认”的成功应答。 [0149] S911, the billing platform of the "costs that are" successful response.

[0150] S912、PoC服务器根据计费情况生成CDR。 [0150] S912, PoC server generates a charging CDR according to the situation.

[0151] S913、计费平台根据扣费情况生成⑶R。 [0151] S913, generates a billing platform according ⑶R chargeback situation.

[0152] 上述方案中,当用户余额不足的时候,由于PoC业务的特殊性,极端情况下有可能存在用户恶意多次试呼的情况,解决该问题可以采用如下方法。 [0152] In the above embodiment, when the user of insufficient balance, the particularity of the PoC service, there may be cases where multiple users malicious call attempt in extreme cases, to solve this problem the following methods may be employed.

[0153] 当UE向IMS注册的时候,SCFCF会从HSS得到该用户的余额信息。 [0153] When the UE registered with the IMS, SCFCF get balance information of the user from the HSS. 在该用户对应的iFC中设置如下的业务过滤规则:如果用户余额小于预定的门限值(该门限值可以由运营商设置),则不允许其使用PoC业务,不发起后续的SCFCF-PoC AS之间的第三方注册过程。 The following set of business rules filtering the iFC corresponding to the user: if the user's balance is less than a predetermined threshold value (the threshold value may be set by the operator), which is not allowed to use the PoC service, does not initiate subsequent SCFCF-PoC third-party registration process between AS. 如图10所示,是该方案的流程示意图,从图中可见,包括以下步骤: [0154] S1001、SCSCF接收用户发起的注册请求。 10, is a flow diagram of the program, seen from the figure, comprising the steps of: [0154] S1001, SCSCF receiving a registration request initiated by the user.

[0155] S1002、SCSCF向HSS查询用户信息和Ifc信息。 [0155] S1002, SCSCF queries user information and Ifc information to the HSS.

[0156] S1003、根据查询结果判断用户余额是否满足PoC业务设定的门限值? [0156] S1003, based on the query results to determine whether the user balance PoC service to meet the threshold set? 如果是进入步骤S1004,否则进入S1005。 If it goes to step S1004, otherwise go to S1005.

[0157] S1004、允许用户使用该PoC业务,向PoC服务器发起第三方注册。 [0157] S1004, allows users to use the PoC service, launched a third-party registration to the PoC server.

[0158] S1005、不允许用户使用该PoC业务,不向PoC服务器发起第三方注册。 [0158] S1005, user is not allowed to use the PoC service, do not initiate a third-party registration to the PoC server.

[0159] 例4、预付费在传统智能网中的应用流程,余额预扣成功: [0159] Example 4, pre-paid in the traditional intelligent network application process, withholding the balance of success:

[0160] 在智能网中,主要包括如下网元: [0160] In the intelligent network, including the following network elements:

[0161] SSP :业务交换点,完成基本的交换功能,完成SCP的指示/请求,向SCP上报必要的信息。 [0161] SSP: Service Switching Point, the basic switching function is completed, the SCP indicates the completion / request, the SCP reports the necessary information. 当收到预付费的呼叫请求的时候,会向SCP发送预付费的呼叫请求,然后等待SCP的进一步指令:如呼叫继续进行,或者呼叫终止等。 When a call request is received prepaid, the SCP sends a call request to the prepaid, and wait for further instructions of the SCP: The call continues, the call is terminated or the like.

[0162] SCP :业务控制点,解释执行智能业务——按照各种业务逻辑指挥相关的SSP完成各种操作。 [0162] SCP: Service Control Point, an intelligent service interpreted - in various business logic associated SSP command complete the various operations. 扣费和检查余额等操作都是由SCP进行的。 Deductions and other operations are performed to check the balance by the SCP.

[0163] 如图11所示,在智能网中该预付费业务实现方法包括如下步骤: [0163] shown in FIG. 11, the prepaid intelligent network service implemented method comprising the steps of:

[0164] S1101、用户发起预付费呼叫。 [0164] S1101, the user initiates a pre-paid calls.

[0165] S1102、智能网SSP向SCP发送预付费呼叫请求。 [0165] S1102, intelligent network SSP send prepaid call request to SCP.

[0166] S1103、智能网SCP立即指示SSP呼叫继续进行。 [0166] S1103, intelligent network SCP immediately instructed the SSP call continues.

[0167] S1104、智能网SCP进行费用预扣,该用户的余额充足,费用预扣成功。 [0167] S1104, intelligent network SCP, the cost of withholding, the user adequate balance of the cost of withholding success.

[0168] S1105、智能网SCP指示SSP呼叫继续进行。 [0168] S1105, intelligent network SCP SSP call instructions to proceed.

[0169] S1106、智能网SSP继续进行所述用户的本次业务呼叫。 [0169] S1106, the intelligent network SSP to continue the call for the business user.

[0170] S1107、智能网SCP监视所述用户费用,所述用户费用用完。 [0170] S1107, SCP monitors the intelligent network user fees, charges the user runs.

[0171] S1108、智能网SCP向SSP指示呼叫结束。 [0171] S1108, intelligent network SCP indicates the end of the call to SSP.

[0172] S1109、智能网SSP根据计费情况生成CDR。 [0172] S1109, generating intelligent network SSP charging CDR according to the situation.

[0173] S1110、智能网SCP根据扣费情况生成CDR。 [0173] S1110, according to the intelligent network SCP to generate CDR chargeback situation.

[0174] 例5、预付费在传统智能网中的应用流程,余额不足: [0174] Example 5, prepaid application process in traditional intelligent network, lack of balance:

[0175] 如图12所示,是预付费业务在智能网中应用,预扣费用失败的流程示意图,从图中可见,包括以下步骤: [0175] As shown, the prepaid intelligent network service application 12, a schematic flow diagram of withholding the cost of failure, seen from the figure, comprising the steps of:

[0176] S1201、用户发起预付费呼叫。 [0176] S1201, the user initiates a pre-paid calls.

[0177] S1202、智能网SSP向SCP发送预付费呼叫请求。 [0177] S1202, intelligent network SSP send prepaid call request to SCP.

[0178] S1203、智能网SCP立即指示SSP呼叫继续进行。 [0178] S1203, intelligent network SCP immediately instructed the SSP call continues. [0179] S1204、智能网SCP进行费用预扣,该用户的余额不足,费用预扣失败。 [0179] S1204, intelligent network SCP, the cost of withholding, lack of balance of the user, the cost of withholding fail.

[0180] S1205、智能网SCP指示SSP呼叫终止进行。 [0180] S1205, intelligent network SCP SSP call termination instructions were.

[0181] S1206、智能网SSP终止进行所述用户的本次业务呼叫。 [0181] S1206, intelligent network SSP terminate the call service to the user.

[0182] S1207、智能网SSP根据计费情况生成CDR。 [0182] S1207, generating intelligent network SSP charging CDR according to the situation.

[0183] S1208、智能网SCP根据扣费情况生成CDR。 [0183] S1208, according to the intelligent network SCP to generate CDR chargeback situation.

[0184] 根据上述流程,可以看出呼叫业务处理流程与预付费处理流程之间的影响关系,两个业务处理流程之间的影响,呼叫业务处理流程和预付费处理流程是两个同步的过程,通过特定的事件进行有限的交互: [0185] I、呼叫业务处理流程收到新呼叫请求时,通知预付费流程进行费用预扣。 [0184] According to the above process, the call can be seen that the prepaid service processing flow and the processing affects the relationship between the flow, impact between two business processes, business processes, and the call processing flow is the process of pre-paid two synchronized , limited interaction with specific events: when the [0185] I, call business processes receive a new call request, notification processes prepaid expense deduction.

[0186] 2、呼叫业务处理流程通过监视业务使用,当业务正常结束或者计费周期结束时,通知预付费流程再次进行费用预扣过程。 [0186] 2, Call of business processes by monitoring business use, when the normal end or the end of the business cycle billing, prepaid notification processes cost withholding process again.

[0187] 3、当预付费流程发现扣费失败时候,通知呼叫业务处理流程结束会话。 [0187] 3, when the discovery process prepaid deductions failure when the notification call business processes to end the session.

[0188] 在上述方案中,如果预付费用户费用预扣失败,则在欠费用户充值后,上一次业务欠费进行补偿: [0188] In the above scenario, if a pre-paid user fees deduction fails, the user recharge after arrears, the arrears to compensate for a business:

[0189] 在“呼叫建立时预扣失败的处理流程”中提到,用户余额不足等原因会造成预扣失败,但此时用户已经使用了一段时间的业务,应用服务器最后会根据用户使用的情况向计费平台上报欠费的具体信息。 [0189] In the "withholding failure of call setup process flow" is mentioned, lack of balance and other factors can cause the user withholding failed, but this time the user has used the service for some time, the application server will eventually be used in accordance with the user's arrears situation report specific information to the billing platform. 在计费平台收到欠费信息的时候,可以先用用户的账户余额抵扣部分欠费额,如果不足以抵扣,记录抵扣后的欠费额,当用户下次充值的时候,首先用充值额抵扣剩余的欠费额,参见如下的处理过程: When billing platform arrears receive information, you can use the account balance to offset part of the arrears of users, if not enough to offset record the arrears after the deductible, when the user next recharge, first with arrears offset the remaining prepaid amount, see the following process:

[0190] 本发明提出一种可以避免延长呼叫建立时延的预付费实现方法。 [0190] The present invention proposes a prepaid call setup to avoid prolonged delay implementation. 这种预付费方法应用于各种预付费业务,可以忽略预付费流程对呼叫建立的影响,提高用户满意度。 This method is applied to a variety of prepaid prepaid service, you can ignore the impact of pre-paid call setup process, and improve customer satisfaction.

[0191] 本发明提供的预付费方法也可以应用在其他的预付费解决方案中。 [0191] The method of the present invention to provide prepaid may also be applied to other prepaid solutions. 例如原来的智能网预付费解决方案中,或者3G/NGN网络中软交换,IMS子系统的业务系统中。 For example, the original intelligent network prepaid solutions, or 3G / NGN network softswitch, IMS subsystem business systems.

[0192] 显然,本领域的技术人员可以对本发明进行各种改动和变型而不脱离本发明的精神和范围。 [0192] Obviously, those skilled in the art can make various modifications and variations to the invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. 这样,倘若本发明的这些修改和变型属于本发明权利要求及其等同技术的范围之内,则本发明也意图包含这些改动和变型在内。 Thus, if these modifications and variations of the present invention fall within the claims of the invention and the scope of equivalents thereof, the present invention intends to include these modifications and variations.

Claims (22)

  1. 1. 一种预付费业务实现方法,包括: 预付费业务网元根据用户发起呼叫请求为所述用户建立业务连接; 所述预付费业务网元与计费平台进行所述用户的费用预扣; 根据所述用户费用预扣结果,保持所述业务连接或者终止所述业务连接。 A prepaid service implemented method, comprising: a prepaid service network element initiates a call request to establish a service connection to the user according to the user; the prepaid service network element and billing the cost of the user platform withholding; the cost to the user withholding a result, maintaining the connection or termination of the service traffic connection.
  2. 2.如权利要求I所述的方法,其特征在于,所述预付费业务网元为所述用户建立业务连接的步骤与预付费业务网元与计费平台进行所述用户的费用预扣的步骤同时进行。 2. The method of claim I, wherein the prepaid service network element to establish a service connection charges step is performed with the user's prepaid service network element and billing platform for the user withholding carried out simultaneously.
  3. 3.如权利要求I所述的方法,其特征在于,如果所述用户费用预扣成功,则保持所述业务连接。 3. The method of claim I, wherein, if the user fee deduction succeeds, the service connection is maintained.
  4. 4.如权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,如果所述用户费用预扣成功,保持所述业务连接后,还包括后续再次进行用户费用预扣的步骤。 4. The method according to claim 3, wherein, if the user fee deduction succeeds, the service connection after the holding, further comprising the step of subsequent user fees again withheld.
  5. 5.如权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,如果所述用户费用预扣成功,保持所述业务连接后,还包括预付费业务网元监视所述用户通话状态的步骤。 5. The method according to claim 3, wherein, if the user fee deduction succeeds, the service connection after the holding, further comprising the step of monitoring the user element prepaid service network call state.
  6. 6.如权利要求I所述的方法,其特征在于,如果所述用户费用预扣失败,则终止所述业务连接。 6. The method of claim I, wherein, if the user fails to withhold the cost, the service connection is terminated.
  7. 7.如权利要求6所述的方法,其特征在于,所述预付费业务网元终止所述业务连接后,向所述用户返回终止业务连接原因。 7. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that the prepaid service network element after the termination of the service connection, the user is returned to the terminating connection for business reasons.
  8. 8.如权利要求6所述的方法,其特征在于,所述预付费业务网元终止所述业务连接后,向所述计费平台上报所述用户的欠费信息。 8. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that the network element terminating prepaid service information of the service connection arrears, reported by the user to the charging platform.
  9. 9.如权利要求8所述的方法,其特征在于,当所述用户进行费用预存时,所述计费平台在所预存费用中,扣除所述欠费。 9. The method according to claim 8, wherein, when the user charges stored, pre-stored in the billing platform costs, deduct the arrears.
  10. 10.如权利要求I所述的方法,其特征在于,所述预付费业务网元为应用服务器,或POC服务器,或呼叫处理单元,或交换中心,或智能网业务交换点。 10. The method of claim I, wherein the prepaid service network element is an application server, or POC server, or a call processing unit, or the switching center or the intelligent network service switching point.
  11. 11.如权利要求I所述的方法,其特征在于,所述计费平台为智能网业务控制点。 11. The method of claim I, wherein, the billing platform of the intelligent network service control point.
  12. 12.如权利要求I所述的方法,其特征在于,所述预付费业务网元与计费平台之间,所使用计费协议,为智能网计费协议信令或Radius/Diameter计费协议信令。 12. The method of claim I, wherein the prepaid billing between service platforms and network elements, accounting protocol used for charging intelligent network signaling protocol or Radius / Diameter accounting protocol signaling.
  13. 13. 一种预付费业务网元,其特征在于,包括: 业务连接建立单元,根据用户发起呼叫请求为所述用户建立业务连接; 费用预扣单元,用于与所述计费平台进行所述用户的费用预扣; 连接状态控制单元,根据所述用户费用预扣结果,保持所述业务连接或者终止所述业务连接。 A prepaid service network element, characterized by comprising: a service connection establishing unit, the user initiates a call request for the user to establish a service connection; fee withholding means for performing the charging of the platform user fees withholding; connection state control unit, according to the user fee deduction result, maintaining the connection or termination of the service traffic connection.
  14. 14.如权利要求13所述的预付费业务网元,其特征在于,还包括: 连接控制单元,用于控制业务连接建立单元为所述用户建立业务连接和费用预扣单元与计费平台进行所述用户的费用预扣操作同时进行。 14. The pre-paid services in claim 13, wherein the network element, characterized by, further comprising: a connection control unit for controlling the traffic connection establishment unit establishes a service connection for the user and charges the charging unit and the withholding platform withholding the cost of the user operations are performed simultaneously.
  15. 15.如权利要求13所述的预付费业务网元,其特征在于,还包括: 监视单元,用于监视所述用户通话状态。 Prepaid service according to network element as claimed in claim 13, characterized in that, further comprising: a monitoring unit for monitoring the user call.
  16. 16.如权利要求13所述的预付费业务网元,其特征在于,还包括: 终止业务连接原因发送单元,用于在用户费用预扣失败,终止所述业务连接时,向所述用户返回终止业务连接原因。 16. The pre-paid services in claim 13, wherein the network element, characterized by, further comprising: terminating the connection for business reasons transmission unit for a user fee deduction fails, terminating the service connection, the user is returned to termination of service connection causes.
  17. 17.如权利要求16所述的预付费业务网元,其特征在于,还包括:用户欠费信息上报单元,用于在终止所述业务连接后,向所述计费平台上报所述用户的欠费信息。 As claimed in claim prepaid service network element of claim 16, characterized in that, further comprising: a user information reporting means arrears, after the termination of the service for the connection, the user reports to the charging platform arrears information.
  18. 18. 一种预付费业务网络,包括预付费业务网元和与其相连的计费系统,其特征在于,所述预付费业务网元包括: 业务连接建立单元,根据用户发起呼叫请求为所述用户建立业务连接; 费用预扣单元,用于与所述计费平台进行所述用户的费用预扣; 连接状态控制单元,根据所述用户费用预扣结果,保持所述业务连接或者终止所述业务连接。 18. A prepaid service network, including prepaid charging system and a service network element connected thereto, characterized in that the prepaid service network element comprising: a service connection establishing unit, the user initiates a call request according to the user to establish a service connection; fee withholding means for withholding the cost of the user and the billing platform; connection state control unit, according to the user fee deduction result, maintaining the connection or termination of the service service connection.
  19. 19.如权利要求18所述的预付费业务网络,其特征在于,所述预付费业务网元还包括: 连接控制单元,用于控制业务连接建立单元为所述用户建立业务连接和费用预扣单元与计费平台进行所述用户的费用预扣操作同时进行。 Connection establishment traffic control unit for the user establishes a service connection charges and withholding the connection control unit configured to: 19. The pre-charge of the service network of claim 18, wherein the prepaid service network element further comprises withholding cost operation unit and charging the user platform simultaneously.
  20. 20.如权利要求18所述的预付费业务网络,其特征在于,所述预付费业务网元还包括: 监视单元,用于监视所述用户通话状态。 20. The pre-charge of the service network of claim 18, wherein the prepaid service network element further comprises: monitoring means for monitoring the user call.
  21. 21.如权利要求18所述的预付费业务网络,其特征在于,所述预付费业务网元还包括: 终止业务连接原因发送单元,用于在用户费用预扣失败,终止所述业务连接时,向所述用户返回终止业务连接原因。 Why the connection is terminated service transmission unit for a user fee deduction fails, terminating the service connection: 21. The pre-charge of the service network of claim 18, wherein the prepaid service network element further comprises , returned to the user traffic connection termination reason.
  22. 22.如权利要求18所述的预付费业务网络,其特征在于,所述预付费业务网元还包括: 用户欠费信息上报单元,用于在终止所述业务连接后,向所述计费平台上报所述用户的欠费信息。 Arrears to the charging user information reporting means for after the termination of the service connection: 22. The pre-paid services the network in claim 18, characterized in that the prepaid service network element further comprises internet information reporting arrears of the user.
CN 200610098865 2006-07-17 2006-07-17 Pre-payment business implementing method and its network and network element CN101110878B (en)

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CN1323500A (en) 1998-10-14 2001-11-21 奥本维夫技术公司 Signaling system and method for network-based pre-paid wireless telephone service

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1323500A (en) 1998-10-14 2001-11-21 奥本维夫技术公司 Signaling system and method for network-based pre-paid wireless telephone service

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