CN101109193A - Solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate - Google Patents

Solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101109193A
CN101109193A CNA2007102014831A CN200710201483A CN101109193A CN 101109193 A CN101109193 A CN 101109193A CN A2007102014831 A CNA2007102014831 A CN A2007102014831A CN 200710201483 A CN200710201483 A CN 200710201483A CN 101109193 A CN101109193 A CN 101109193A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
plate
air
solar energy
frame
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Application number
CNA2007102014831A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100572706C (en
Inventor
曹友
杜德利
张慧
王敦启
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杜德利
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Priority to CNB2007102014831A priority Critical patent/CN100572706C/en
Publication of CN101109193A publication Critical patent/CN101109193A/en
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Publication of CN100572706C publication Critical patent/CN100572706C/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal

Abstract

A decorative heat-preserved wall board with solar and air heat collection is provided, which comprises a back board, a panel, a rim and an inner cavity. The back board is a shallow box-like heat-preservation sandwich board, an air inlet is provided at the lower part of the box bottom, an air outlet is provided at the upper part of the box bottom, at the air outlet, a solar fan is installed. The power supply of the fan is a solar photovoltaic power generating board at inner side at front of the panel. The panel is a flat glass. Between the panel and the back board, the rim is connected. On the rim, some concave ports for connecting are provided. In the inner cavity enclosed by the panel, back board and the rim, a corrugated heat-absorbing board is fixedly connected on the inner bottom side of the shallow box-like heat-preservation sandwich board. The outer surface of the corrugated heat-absorbing board is provided with a heat-absorbing coating. The inner wall of the corrugated heat-absorbing board is connected with heat-exchanging fins. The inside of the corrugated heat-absorbing board forms a heat-exchanging cavity, which is communicated with the air inlet and the air outlet. The invention greatly reduces the cost of the wall board integrating solar with a building, is easy to maintain, improves the service life and is easy to spread and apply in large area.

Description

Solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solar building integrated member, particularly a kind of solar building integrated wall plate member.
(2) background technology
Since 18th century, coal, oil are the human main application energy, become the leading role of application.Yet even to this day, along with the development of society, coal, coal gas equal energy source price have now increased many times.The economic capability that the consumption of the energy can bear well beyond people, the atmosphere pollution that coal produced are paid attention to and restriction by many countries.Along with the growing tension of the current social convention energy, tackle energy crisis and the serious situation of environment pollution that national most of city occurs, utilize regenerative resource to become the main trend that can not reverse.For the very big building trade of energy consumption, renewable and clean energy resources such as use solar energy will be made very big contribution to the sustainable development of society undoubtedly; Promote solar building integrated design to use, also will promote country to realize setting up the imagination of conservation-minded society undoubtedly.
Current, solar energy is combined into the common cry of field of solar energy and building circle with building.Past, solar energy manufacturer is placed on the solar energy heating product development to main energy, on update and the market competition, ignored a very crucial problem: that is exactly more rational, a sufficient handy solar energy resources on this carrier of building how, and solar energy can be combined with building to standard.In the past, owing to lack cooperatively interacting and Total tune of solar energy industry and building trade, the solar energy industry usually places the solar water heater on the building, the load and the cost of building have been increased, heliotechnics is isolated to outside the factors such as building function, structure, aesthetics, has influenced solar building integrated process.
Existing solar building integrated wall plate member, have crystal silicon solar curtain wall, non-crystalline silicon curtain wall, flat plate collector assembling combination wall face and glass vacuum pipe heat collector assembling combination wall face several, its common defective be involve great expense, complex structure, not easy care and application life shorter.Wherein, the crystal silicon solar curtain wall wants large tracts of land to use the crystal silicon solar batteries plate, only every square metre of price of crystal silicon solar batteries plate is minimum just reaches more than 8000 yuan, and, the solar panel complex manufacturing particularly is processed into industrial silicon the key technology of high-purity solar-grade polysilicon, grasps in several abroad major companies hand, cause the almost whole dependence on import of China's solar components, hold at high price.The non-crystalline silicon curtain wall is to be sprayed on crystal silicon gas on glass, produce the non-crystal silicon solar energy hull cell, equal conversion ratio, it is 1% of crystal silicon solar batteries plate that raw material uses, the raw silicon that has reduced most critical refines into this sport technique segment of polysilicon grain, therefore cost reduces greatly, but every square metre of price is also about 3000 yuan, can't make that China's solar building is large-area to be promoted the use of.In addition, flat plate collector assembling combination wall face and glass vacuum pipe heat collector assembling combination wall face all need water to realize heat exchange, and not only maintenance cost is high, application life is shorter, equipment investment is excessive, also drainage may occur, and appearance is freezing easily in the winter time, can not use.
(3) summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate, solve that solar product combines with external wall, and the large-area problem of applying; And solution reduces the problem of the cost of solar energy and architecture-integral wallboard; Solve solar energy simultaneously and the architecture-integral wallboard is easy to safeguard and improve the problem in application life.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
This solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate comprises backboard, panel, frame and inner chamber, it is characterized in that:
Its backboard is shallow box-like insulation sandwich board 1, and its box bottom has air intake 2, and top has air outlet 3 at the bottom of its box, and the air outlet place is equipped with solar fan, and the power supply of this fan is a solar energy power generating plate 17 that places the panel front inboard.
Its panel is a sheet glass 12, is connected frame 4 between panel and the backboard, and the recess 4.1 that connects usefulness is arranged on the frame.
In the inner chamber of enclosing by panel, backboard and frame, fixedly connected corrugated absorber plate 8 on the inner bottom surface of shallow box-like insulation sandwich board 1, the external surface of corrugated absorber plate 8 has one deck heat absorbing coating 9, be connected with heat exchange fin 11 on the inwall of corrugated absorber plate 8, the inside of corrugated absorber plate 8 forms heat exchange cavity 16, and this heat exchange cavity 16 is communicated with air intake 2 and air outlet 3.
As the further optimized technical scheme of the present invention:
Above-mentioned frame 4 can be Z-shaped, at position, two turnings a cavity is arranged respectively, wherein a recess 4.1 is extended in the outside of upper plenum 4.2, a tailgate is extended in following cavity 4.3 outsides, be tightly connected between the upper end of frame 4 and the sheet glass 12, the inwall of shallow box-like insulation sandwich board 1 is close at the middle part of frame, and the lower end of frame 4 is connected with the inner bottom surface of shallow box-like insulation sandwich board 1.
Can be lined with keel 6 between the inner bottom surface of above-mentioned shallow box-like insulation sandwich board 1 and the corrugated absorber plate 8, fixing between the tailgate 4.4 of keel 6 and frame by keel connected nail 7, be connected by absorber plate connected nail 10 between keel 6 and the corrugated absorber plate 8.
The recess of the above-mentioned frame extensible cornerite 4.5 that faces down for 4.1 times, this cornerite wraps in the bight of insulation sandwich board 1, and is connected by rivet 5.
The cross section of above-mentioned corrugated absorber plate 8 can be semicircle or the unidirectional wave of arc, and its inner heat exchange fin 11 is for being connected in the radiation fin on the inner arc plate.
The skin of above-mentioned insulation sandwich board 1 can be hard metal or nonmetal thin plate, and the centre is polyurethane, polystyrene or phenolic aldehyde heat preserving material.
Can there be air purifier or air filter in above-mentioned air intake 2 places.
Above-mentioned air intake 2 can communicate with atmosphere, or is communicated with the air channel of air source heat pump.
Operating principle of the present invention:
A, the heat absorbing coating by absorber plate absorb the light radiation heat energy of the sun, the air of heating air collector inner chamber.
B, realize insulation, reach applied temperature by the heat collector insulation sandwich board.
C,, temperature apparent blower fan light-operated by air outlet solar energy are discharged application to the hot air in the cavity.
In the time of d, discharge hot air,, and guarantee that the temperature in the heat collector cavity reaches optimum utilization from air intake air evolution device air intake; Air intake air evolution device purifies air simultaneously, and replaceable air filtering core.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has broken through the blind area of solar energy and architecture-integral development, and has following characteristics and beneficial effect:
1, the present invention produces for the industrialization section bar, and the streamline assembling is beneficial to industrialization and produces in batches, and is cheap.
2, the present invention is owing to adopted conventional material, and material is easy to get, and is easy to process, simple in structure, safe and reliable, the mechanical properties strength height, and environmental resistance can be good, and application life is longer.The present invention of the same area is lower than traditional flat plate collector and glass vacuum pipe heat collector cost, safer, combine with building structure and can reduce the building load, realize thermal insulation, heat energy utilization, so the present invention has tangible price advantage in the construction integration solar utilization.
3, the present invention have the good building property held, can on the roof and building use on the metope on the sunny side.The present invention can be according to the size design production of decorating outer wall of building, can be wide can be narrow, can laterally connect, also can vertically connect.
4, the present invention combines with the building heat preservation structure, good heat insulating, classic flat-plate heat collector and the big problem of traditional glass curtain wall heat waste have been solved, can realize the energy conservation object of country about low-energy building, utilize the present invention that conversion of solar energy is heat energy utilization, summer is heat insulation, and Winter protection has really embodied and increased income and decreased expenditure, realized that stealthy curtain wall decoration aesthetics of glass and building energy conservation are the solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate of one.
5, the present invention's energy conservation more, adopt the design of corrugated absorber plate, can increase endotherm area, realize that round-the-clock, full angle follows the trail of, gathers, utilizes the solar irradiation of building sunny slope, improve solar energy heating efficient, compare, reduced the pollution of conventional energy resource environment with traditional curtain wall, reduce the building air conditioning energy consumption, saved spending.The present invention can provide thermal source to air source heat pump, realizes heating; Also can realize heating to indoor cool air heat by the air channel.
6, the present invention compares with glass vacuum pipe heat collector assembling combination wall face with flat plate collector assembling combination wall face because of adopting the air heat exchange, has Maintenance free, does not need water to realize heat exchange, can not occur leaking, freezing characteristics.
7, the present invention is connected with the polylith insulation sandwich board by stealthy section bar frame, combines with building structure with building body, can realize solar building integrated stealthy curtain wall module production according to the heat energy demand.The present invention can provide to building designers and utilize solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate, can the curtain wall installation and maintenance.
8, profile appropriate architecture beyond the region of objective existence face of the present invention is decorated, and can provide the renewable energy product-derived that uses solar energy to building designers, realizes combining with elevation of building is organic, solves the requirement of architect's appearance design, fully takes into account the demand of building operation maintenance.
Solar energy and building once were two topics that greatly differ from each other, but today, and solar building is thought the trend that will be the development of future architecture by industry.The invention provides the new approaches of a kind of solar energy and architecture-integral development, overcome the higher shortcoming of existing solar energy wallboard cost, solved the problem of solar building integrated wall plate member large scale application, can realize building energy conservation, environmental protection, realize the zero energy consumption of building, architectural energy consumption will no longer pollute our home.The human following main energy sources definitely be unable to do without solar energy, and the present invention can utilize solar energy source to substitute conventional energy resource, and market prospects are wide, can be widely used in various buildings.
(4) description of drawings
The present invention is further detailed explanation below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is a front schematic view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic rear view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is an A-A generalized section among Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing at I place among Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the connection diagram of insulation sandwich board and reinforcing rib.
Reference numeral: cavity, 4.4-tailgate, 4.5-cornerite under 1-insulation sandwich board, 2-air intake, 3-air outlet, 4-frame, 4.1-recess, 4.2-upper plenum, the 4.3-; 5-rivet, 6-keel, 7-keel connected nail, the corrugated absorber plate of 8-, 9-heat absorbing coating, 10-absorber plate connected nail, 11-heat exchange fin, 12-sheet glass, 13-structure glue, 14-high-temperature seal adhesive, 15-heat absorption cavity, 16-heat exchange cavity, 17-solar energy power generating plate.
(5) specific embodiment
Embodiment is referring to shown in Fig. 1-5, and this solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate comprises backboard, panel, frame and inner chamber.Referring to Fig. 2, its backboard is shallow box-like insulation sandwich board 1, its box bottom has air intake 2, there are air purifier or air filter in above-mentioned air intake 2 places, air intake 2 can communicate with atmosphere, or is communicated with the air channel of air source heat pump, and top has air outlet 3 at the bottom of the box of insulation sandwich board 1, the air outlet place is equipped with solar fan, and the power supply of this fan is a solar energy power generating plate 17 that places the panel front inboard.With the power of solar energy as fan, extract on the ground or underground cold wind or hot blast, regulate interior temperature, save the non-renewable energy.The skin of above-mentioned insulation sandwich board 1 can be hard metal or nonmetal thin plate, for example aluminium sheet, steel plate, aluminium-plastic panel, calcium silicon plate or glass epoxy, the centre of insulation sandwich board 1 can be polyurethane, polystyrene or phenolic aldehyde heat preserving material, can select the section bar of existing suitability for industrialized production.
Referring to Fig. 4, its panel is a sheet glass 12, is connected frame 4 between panel and the backboard, and the recess 4.1 that connects usefulness is arranged on the frame.
In the inner chamber of enclosing by panel, backboard and frame, fixedly connected corrugated absorber plate 8 on the inner bottom surface of shallow box-like insulation sandwich board 1, the external surface of corrugated absorber plate 8 has one deck titanium oxynitrides heat absorbing coating 9, be connected with heat exchange fin 11 on the inwall of corrugated absorber plate 8, the inside of corrugated absorber plate 8 forms heat exchange cavity 16, and this heat exchange cavity 16 is communicated with air intake 2 and air outlet 3.
Referring to Fig. 4, above-mentioned frame 4 is Z-shaped, at position, two turnings a cavity is arranged respectively, wherein a recess 4.1 is extended in the outside of upper plenum 4.2, a tailgate 4.4 is extended in following cavity 4.3 outsides, scribble structure glue 13 in the outer part between the upper end of frame 4 and the sheet glass 12, scribble high-temperature seal adhesive 14 in the inner part, the side surface that frame 4 is positioned at heat absorption cavity 15 also scribbles high-temperature seal adhesive 14, be tightly connected by structure glue 13 and high-temperature seal adhesive 14 between the upper end of frame 4 and the sheet glass 12, the inwall of shallow box-like insulation sandwich board 1 is close at the middle part of frame, and the lower end of frame 4 is connected with the inner bottom surface of shallow box-like insulation sandwich board 1.
Be lined with keel 6 between the inner bottom surface of above-mentioned shallow box-like insulation sandwich board 1 and the corrugated absorber plate 8, fixing between the tailgate 4.4 of keel 6 and frame by keel connected nail 7, be connected by absorber plate connected nail 10 between keel 6 and the corrugated absorber plate 8.
The recess of above-mentioned frame faces down for 42 times and extends a cornerite 4.5, and this cornerite wraps in the bight of insulation sandwich board 1, and is connected by rivet 5.
The cross section of above-mentioned corrugated absorber plate 8 is semicircle unidirectional wave, and its inner heat exchange fin 11 is for being connected in the radiation fin on the inner arc plate.

Claims (8)

1. a solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate comprises backboard, panel, frame and inner chamber, it is characterized in that:
Its backboard is a shallow box-like insulation sandwich board (1), its box bottom has air intake (2), top has air outlet (3) at the bottom of its box, and the air outlet place is equipped with solar fan, and the power supply of this fan is a solar energy power generating plate (17) that places the panel front inboard;
Its panel is sheet glass (12), is connected frame (4) between panel and the backboard, and the recess (4.1) that connects usefulness is arranged on the frame;
In the inner chamber of enclosing by panel, backboard and frame, fixedly connected corrugated absorber plate (8) on the inner bottom surface of shallow box-like insulation sandwich board (1), the external surface of corrugated absorber plate (8) has one deck heat absorbing coating (9), be connected with heat exchange fin (11) on the inwall of corrugated absorber plate (8), the inside of corrugated absorber plate 8 forms heat exchange cavity (16), and this heat exchange cavity (16) is communicated with air intake (2) and air outlet (3).
2. solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: above-mentioned frame (4) is for Z-shaped, at position, two turnings a cavity is arranged respectively, wherein a recess (4.1) is extended in the outside of upper plenum (4.2), a tailgate (4.4) is extended in following cavity (4.3) outside, be tightly connected between the upper end of frame (4) and the sheet glass (12), the inwall of shallow box-like insulation sandwich board (1) is close at the middle part of frame, and the lower end of frame (4) is connected with the inner bottom surface of shallow box-like insulation sandwich board (1).
3. solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: be lined with keel (6) between the inner bottom surface of above-mentioned shallow box-like insulation sandwich board (1) and the corrugated absorber plate (8), fixing between the tailgate (4.4) of keel (6) and frame by keel connected nail (7), be connected by absorber plate connected nail (10) between keel (6) and the corrugated absorber plate (8).
4. solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate according to claim 3 is characterized in that: face down under the recess of above-mentioned frame (4.1) and extend a cornerite (4.5), this cornerite wraps in the bight of insulation sandwich board (1), and is connected by rivet (5).
5. solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the cross section of above-mentioned corrugated absorber plate (8) is semicircle unidirectional wave, and its inner heat exchange fin (11) is for being connected in the radiation fin on the inner arc plate.
6. solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the skin of above-mentioned insulation sandwich board (1) is hard metal or nonmetal thin plate, and the centre is polyurethane, polystyrene or phenolic aldehyde heat preserving material.
7. solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate according to claim 3 is characterized in that: above-mentioned air intake (2) has been located air purifier or air filter.
8. solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate according to claim 3 is characterized in that: above-mentioned air intake (2) communicates with atmosphere, or is communicated with the air channel of air source heat pump.
CNB2007102014831A 2007-08-28 2007-08-28 Solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate CN100572706C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2007102014831A CN100572706C (en) 2007-08-28 2007-08-28 Solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2007102014831A CN100572706C (en) 2007-08-28 2007-08-28 Solar energy air heat-collecting heat-preserving decorative wall plate

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CN101109193A true CN101109193A (en) 2008-01-23
CN100572706C CN100572706C (en) 2009-12-23

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102086685A (en) * 2010-12-09 2011-06-08 深圳市建筑科学研究院有限公司 Solar tile board device and installation method thereof
CN102287926A (en) * 2011-06-20 2011-12-21 濮阳市天祥太阳能采暖工程有限公司 Solar air collector
CN102322115A (en) * 2011-06-22 2012-01-18 濮阳市天祥太阳能采暖工程有限公司 Active solar building
CN102561547A (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-07-11 东南大学 Photovoltaic phase transition heat-storing energy-saving wall body system
CN101591949B (en) * 2008-05-29 2012-10-10 淄博环能海臣环保技术服务有限公司 Heat insulating diffuser heat collecting plate curtain wall with functions of heat insulation and heating
CN103290981A (en) * 2013-06-05 2013-09-11 张家港市盛港绿色防火建材有限公司 Novel heat-absorbing wallboard for integrated house

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101591949B (en) * 2008-05-29 2012-10-10 淄博环能海臣环保技术服务有限公司 Heat insulating diffuser heat collecting plate curtain wall with functions of heat insulation and heating
CN102086685A (en) * 2010-12-09 2011-06-08 深圳市建筑科学研究院有限公司 Solar tile board device and installation method thereof
CN102086685B (en) * 2010-12-09 2013-03-06 深圳市建筑科学研究院有限公司 Solar tile board device and installation method thereof
CN102287926A (en) * 2011-06-20 2011-12-21 濮阳市天祥太阳能采暖工程有限公司 Solar air collector
CN102322115A (en) * 2011-06-22 2012-01-18 濮阳市天祥太阳能采暖工程有限公司 Active solar building
CN102322115B (en) * 2011-06-22 2013-07-17 濮阳市天祥太阳能采暖工程有限公司 Active solar building
CN102561547A (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-07-11 东南大学 Photovoltaic phase transition heat-storing energy-saving wall body system
CN103290981A (en) * 2013-06-05 2013-09-11 张家港市盛港绿色防火建材有限公司 Novel heat-absorbing wallboard for integrated house

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