CN101100402A - Base-material for cultivating straw mushroom by using moss slag and cultivating method - Google Patents

Base-material for cultivating straw mushroom by using moss slag and cultivating method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101100402A
CN101100402A CNA2007100159268A CN200710015926A CN101100402A CN 101100402 A CN101100402 A CN 101100402A CN A2007100159268 A CNA2007100159268 A CN A2007100159268A CN 200710015926 A CN200710015926 A CN 200710015926A CN 101100402 A CN101100402 A CN 101100402A
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China
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natural pond
base
slag
straw mushroom
cultivating
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CNA2007100159268A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100548110C (en
Inventor
曹德宾
刘�英
边文范
袁长波
姚利
王艳芹
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山东省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所
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Priority to CNB2007100159268A priority Critical patent/CN100548110C/en
Publication of CN101100402A publication Critical patent/CN101100402A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

A base material for culturing padi-straw mushroom from sewage slag and its cultivation are disclosed. The base materials consist of sewage slag 2000-3000 proportion, wheat grass, rice grass, corncob or corn straw 1000-2000 proportion, ordinary superphosphate 20-40 proportion, urea 5-10 proportion, potassium phosphate 5-10 proportion, lime powder 60-100 proportion, lump gypsum powder 20-50 proportion. The process is carried out by treating base material, sowing and producing padi-straw mushrooms. It has more yield, various material sources and maximum re-utilization. It can be used to culture padi-straw mushroom from domestic animal fecal.

Description

Base-material and the cultivating method of a kind of natural pond slag for cultivating straw mushroom
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of natural pond slag and utilize method, be specifically related to a kind of base-material and cultivating method that utilizes the natural pond slag for cultivating straw mushroom of animal excrement raw material, belong to the technical field of utilizing new raw material resource cultivating straw mushroom.
Background technology
Straw mushroom claims luxuriant pin mushroom, Volvariella volvacen again, and the cultivation history in year surplus China existing 300 is enjoyed the reputation of " China mushroom " in the international market, and this is the unique kind of these " special honours " and product with brand advantage of obtaining in the edible mushrooms.CN1402963 discloses the cultivating method of a kind of Volvaria volvacea cultivation material and composting method and straw mushroom, and this cultivation material package contains 9~10 parts of broken unginned cottons and 1 part of unslaked lime and an amount of moisture, makes through two step fermentation reactor systems; This cultivating method comprises that sowing, overlay film, water spray, ventilation, fruiting gather etc.CN1266610 discloses the method for the pure straw cultivating white mushroom of a kind of usefulness, straw mushroom, comprise that soaking grass dewaxes, puts on the shelf and cultivate symbiosis, packing sowing, package cultivation, bacterium wall fruiting, be characterized in that whole careless bundling soaking is in liming, bundled being placed on the indoor bamboo-wood frame, be warming up to 65-75 ℃ and kept 50-80 minute then, behind the bale upper seeding wheel, wrap with plastic sheeting for farm use, being placed on room temperature is 24-26 ℃, and humidity is the indoor of 80-90%.The mycelia purseful time is 5-6 days, 12 days beginning fruitings, production cycle 55-60 days.
Biogas is the important development direction that the rural area new forms of energy are built, and country and place and peasant household all pay much attention to, but a large amount of natural pond slag or go out of use or directly as fertilizer sources is down, the efficient of utilizing is not high, scientific and technological content is not high, and the utilization of existing natural pond slag mainly contains following approach:
One, directly down as fertilizer.
Two, fertilizer is made in commercialization.
Three, waste treatment.
Therefore, press for the natural pond slag is utilized again, both prolonged biologic chain, make it again to bring benefits, develop a circular economy to adapt to, the requirement of New Countryside Construction.
Summary of the invention
At the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of base-material and cultivating method that utilizes natural pond slag for cultivating straw mushroom.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is with the natural pond slag of animal excrement raw material, dry or dry, make it one of main raw material that becomes the convenient cultivating straw mushroom that stores, send out steps such as bacterium, fruiting through base-material allotment, sowing and finish technical assignment, widened the culturing raw material source, realized utilization again the natural pond slag, prolonged the recycle chain of countryside biomass energy source, realized the high yield of Volvaria volvacea cultivation, on 40% basis that reduces production costs, yield-increasing efficiency is about 10%; Other technologies all get final product with ordinary method; Method of the present invention to the natural pond slag for cultivating straw mushroom of animal excrement raw materials such as cattle,pig and sheep eared pheasant, can reach the ideal effect especially.
Detailed Description Of The Invention
The base-material of a kind of natural pond slag for cultivating straw mushroom, feed composition is as follows, is weight part:
2000~3000 parts of natural pond slags, 1000~2000 parts of forages, 20~40 parts of calcium superphosphate, 5~10 parts in urea, 5~10 parts of potassium primary phosphates, 60~100 parts of lime powders, 20~50 parts of gypsum powders.
Above-mentioned forage is selected from wheat straw, straw, corn cob or corn stalk.Forage length is generally at 2~20 centimetres.
Described natural pond slag is the biogas waste residue of animal excrement raw material, belongs to the byproduct of biogas production, and fresh natural pond slag needs through aerobic treatment, water ratio below 15%.Said animal excrement raw material is animal excrement such as ox, pig, sheep, horse, chicken.
The aerobic treatment of above-mentioned fresh natural pond slag is to be deposited in natural draining, aeration on the hardened ground, the natural pond slag is made thinner dry again, makes its water ratio below 15%, stores for future use.
The taking from normal gas producing and normally move methane-generating pit more than three months of above-mentioned natural pond slag in the methane-generating pit back of reloading greatly, inspection natural pond liquid pH value 7 ± 0.5, the natural pond slag fully becomes thoroughly decomposed.
A kind of method of utilizing natural pond slag base-material cultivating straw mushroom comprises the preparation of cultivating base-material, sowing, and earthing is sent out bacterium, fruiting, its characteristics are: the base-material of aforesaid natural pond slag for cultivating straw mushroom in the use, the sowing of multilayer stone.
1, the preparation of cultivation base-material is prepared raw material by following prescription, is weight part:
2000~3000 parts of natural pond slags, 1000~2000 parts of forages, 20~40 parts of calcium superphosphate, 5~10 parts in urea, 5~10 parts of potassium primary phosphates, 60~100 parts of lime powders, 20~50 parts of gypsum powders.
With soaking 2~3 days, the natural pond slag adds water move to water ratio 70~75% with forage, and forage after soaking and natural pond slag and calcium superphosphate, urea, potassium primary phosphate, lime powder, the gypsum powder of water ratio 70-75% are mixed together evenly.
2, multilayer sowing, concrete steps are as follows:
(1) on the bed base, broadcast sowing one deck straw mushroom bacterial classification earlier, account for the 15-20% of total application rate, the cultivation base-material of shop one deck 10-15 cm thick, compacting, then,
(2) broadcast sowing second layer straw mushroom bacterial classification again, account for the 25-30% of total application rate, repave the cultivation base-material of one deck 15-20 cm thick, compacting, then
(3) broadcast sowing again account for total application rate 25-30% straw mushroom bacterial classification to charge level, adopt " hand method " to make it to sink to about 3~5 centimetres of depths in the material, will remain bacterial classification and spread the material table, and with plank charge level be flattened immediately.
Preferably, the compacting behind the cultivation of the shop in the above-mentioned sowing process base-material is to be depressed into the cultivation binder layer thickness minimizing of spreading is advisable for 5-8 centimetre.
Earthing in the subsequent step of cultivating straw mushroom is sent out bacterium, and management of producing mushroom etc. all adopt existing fungus growing technique to get final product.The present invention is not particularly limited.
Preferably, when forage was corn cob or corn stalk, each material component mixed the long-pending fermentation of laggard windrow, turning every day once, heap fermentation 6-7 days.
The inventive method compared with prior art excellent results is as follows:
1, as the byproduct of biogas, the comprehensive utilization of natural pond slag has prolonged biologic chain: than direct cultivating straw mushroom of animal excrement such as cow dung, pig manure or direct as fertilizer sources, 1~2 that has prolonged resource is utilized link, is beneficial to the development of recycling economy.
2, substitute most of animal excrement of cultivating in the material.
3, after animal excrement produce biogas through anaerobically fermenting, the pathogenic bacteria in the ight soil and the worm that lives, worm's ovum class are killed substantially, reduce the propagation of sick worm, both reduced pathogenic bacteria of containing in the ight soil etc. human body is caused infection, reduced the incidence of disease in the Volvaria volvacea cultivation again.
4, the present invention replaces muck and part stalk etc. to educate the mushroom raw material with the natural pond slag, has increased raw material sources, has reduced expense, and cost descends about 40%.
5, utilize natural pond of the present invention slag base-material and cultivating method kind straw mushroom, output can improve about 10%.
6, utilize natural pond of the present invention slag base-material to be beneficial to the development of recycling economy, be beneficial to new countryside construction.
Embodiment
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with embodiment, among the embodiment not in detail the explanation all by state of the art.The length of wheat straw, straw is 2~30cm among the embodiment, and corn cob meal is broken to 1-12cm.
Embodiment 1: the base-material of a kind of natural pond slag for cultivating straw mushroom, and feed composition is as follows, is weight part:
Natural pond slag 3000kg, wheat straw 2000kg, calcium superphosphate 40kg, urea 10kg, potassium primary phosphate 10kg, lime powder 100kg, gypsum powder 50kg.
Described natural pond slag is the biogas waste residue of animal excrement raw material, and the fresh natural pond slag of taking-up is through aerobic treatment, water ratio 15%.
Embodiment 2: the base-material of a kind of natural pond slag for cultivating straw mushroom, and feed composition is as follows, is weight part:
Natural pond slag 2000kg, straw 1000kg, calcium superphosphate 20kg, urea 6kg, potassium primary phosphate 6kg, lime powder 60kg, gypsum powder 30kg.Described natural pond slag is through aerobic treatment, water ratio 15%.
Embodiment 3: the base-material of a kind of natural pond slag for cultivating straw mushroom, and feed composition is as follows, is weight part:
Natural pond slag 2500kg, corn cob 1500kg, calcium superphosphate 30kg, urea 8kg, potassium primary phosphate 8kg, lime powder 100kg, gypsum powder 40kg.Described natural pond slag is through aerobic treatment, water ratio 15%.
Embodiment 4: a kind of method of utilizing natural pond slag base-material cultivating straw mushroom, comprise the preparation of cultivating base-material, and sowing, earthing is sent out bacterium, fruiting, concrete operations are as follows:
1, the preparation of cultivation base-material, press the base material formulation of embodiment 1 and prepare raw material, with the wheat straw of 2~20 cm long with soaking 2 days, the natural pond slag adds water move to water ratio 70%, the natural pond slag of wheat straw after soaking and water ratio 70-75% and calcium superphosphate, urea, potassium primary phosphate, lime powder, gypsum powder is mixed together evenly get final product.
2, multilayer stone sowing, every square metre of charge level are with totally 3 bottles of the straw mushroom three-class strains of 500 milliliters of seed bottle, and concrete steps are as follows:
(1) on the bed base, broadcast sowing one deck straw mushroom bacterial classification earlier, account for 20% of total application rate, the cultivation base-material of shop one deck 15 cm thicks, compacting, making cultivation base-material bed thickness is about 10 centimetres, then,
(2) broadcast sowing second layer straw mushroom bacterial classification again, account for 30% of total application rate, repave the cultivation base-material of one deck 25 cm thicks, compacting, making cultivation base-material bed thickness is about 15 centimetres, then
(3) broadcast sowing again account for total application rate 30% straw mushroom bacterial classification to charge level, adopt " hand method " to make it to sink to about 4 centimetres of depths in the material, will remain bacterial classification, to spread material surperficial, and with plank charge level is flattened immediately.
3, earthing is sent out bacterium
Thickness of earth covering is about 2 centimetres on the good charge level of sowing.To expect behind the earthing that a bed surface wipes off immediately, and to spray proper amount of clear water drenched with overburden layer thereupon.Sow after 4 days, mycelia is opened bed of material inspection in can sending out material substantially full, all has mycelia to gather in 2/3 the cultivation base-material, keeps about 4 days again, promptly enters the fruiting stage.
4, fruiting
1. moisture: fruiting early stage should take repeatedly mist formula water spray, the overburden layer of spreading and sinking in makes overburden layer reach maximum water holdup; During the fruiting, should keep atmospheric moisture 80~95% in the canopy.
2. ventilation: require the interior gas concentration lwevel of canopy about 0.05%, be no more than 0.08%.
3. temperature: keep temperature of shed between 28 ℃~32 ℃, be in the optimum range of straw mushroom sporophore growth, when the canopy temperature is higher than 33 ℃, reply ceiling straw mat spray cooling.
4. intensity of illumination: by opening in the straw mat control canopy intensity of illumination about 800Lx.
5. gather: when sporophore is grown to diameter more than 2 centimetres, bag still is the consolidation state, when tip, sporophore bulb is Slate grey, can in time gathers.After one damp mushroom is gathered and finishes, should in time clear up material bed, remove mushroom pin, dead mushroom and shoestring etc., fill and lead up recess, water once permeablely, make mycelia recuperation life about 7 days, in order to generation and the high yield of damp mushroom down.
Embodiment 5: a kind of method of utilizing natural pond slag base-material cultivating straw mushroom, comprise the preparation of cultivating base-material, and sowing, earthing is sent out bacterium, fruiting, concrete operations are as follows:
1, the base material formulation preparation raw material of embodiment 2 press in the preparation of cultivation base-material, and straw mostly is long straw, should the section of hand hay cutter, make it length at 5~20 centimetres.With soaking 3 days, the natural pond slag adds water move to water ratio 70% with straw, the natural pond slag of straw after soaking and water ratio 70-75% and calcium superphosphate, urea, potassium primary phosphate, lime powder, gypsum powder is mixed together evenly get final product.
All the other operations are all with embodiment 4.
Embodiment 6: a kind of method of utilizing natural pond slag base-material cultivating straw mushroom, comprise the preparation of cultivating base-material, and sowing, earthing is sent out bacterium, fruiting, concrete operations are as follows:
1, the preparation of cultivation base-material, press the base material formulation of embodiment 3 and prepare raw material, with corn cob with soaking 3 days, the natural pond slag adds water move to water ratio 72%, the corn cob after soaking and natural pond slag and calcium superphosphate, urea, potassium primary phosphate, lime powder, the gypsum powder of water ratio 72% are mixed together evenly, heap fermentation, turning every day were once piled ferment 7 days.Promptly can be used for the stone sowing.
All the other operations are all with embodiment 4.

Claims (8)

1, the base-material of a kind of natural pond slag for cultivating straw mushroom, feed composition is as follows, is weight part:
2000~3000 parts of natural pond slags, 1000~2000 parts of forages, 20~40 parts of calcium superphosphate, 5~10 parts in urea, 5~10 parts of potassium primary phosphates, 60~100 parts of lime powders, 20~50 parts of gypsum powders;
Above-mentioned forage is selected from wheat straw, straw, corn cob or corn stalk;
Described natural pond slag is the biogas waste residue of animal excrement raw material, and fresh natural pond slag is through aerobic treatment, water ratio below 15%.
2, the base-material of natural pond as claimed in claim 1 slag for cultivating straw mushroom, the aerobic treatment that it is characterized in that described fresh natural pond slag is to be deposited in natural draining, aeration on the hardened ground, the natural pond slag is made thinner dry again, makes its water ratio below 15%.
3, the base-material of natural pond as claimed in claim 1 slag for cultivating straw mushroom is characterized in that taking from normal gas producing and normally moving methane-generating pit more than three months in the methane-generating pit back of reloading greatly of described natural pond slag, inspection natural pond liquid pH value 7 ± 0.5, and the natural pond slag fully becomes thoroughly decomposed.
4, a kind of method of utilizing natural pond slag base-material cultivating straw mushroom comprises the preparation of cultivating base-material, sowing, and earthing is sent out bacterium, and fruiting is characterized in that, uses the base-material preparation cultivation base-material of the described natural pond of claim 1 slag for cultivating straw mushroom, carries out the sowing of multilayer stone.
5, the method for natural pond as claimed in claim 4 slag base-material cultivating straw mushroom, it is characterized in that, the preparation of cultivation base-material is, with forage with soaking 2-3 days, the natural pond slag adds water move to water ratio 70-75%, and forage after soaking and natural pond slag and calcium superphosphate, urea, potassium primary phosphate, lime powder, the gypsum powder of water ratio 70-75% are mixed together evenly.
6, the method for natural pond as claimed in claim 4 slag base-material cultivating straw mushroom is characterized in that, when forage is corn cob or corn stalk, the compound of each raw material is carried out heap fermentation, turning every day once, heap fermentation 6-7 days.
7, the method for natural pond as claimed in claim 4 slag base-material cultivating straw mushroom is characterized in that, described multilayer stone sowing, and concrete steps are as follows:
(1) on the bed base, broadcast sowing one deck straw mushroom bacterial classification earlier, account for the 15-20% of total application rate, the cultivation base-material of shop one deck 10-15 cm thick, compacting, then,
(2) broadcast sowing second layer straw mushroom bacterial classification again, account for the 25-30% of total application rate, repave the cultivation base-material of one deck 20-25 cm thick, compacting, then
(3) broadcast sowing again account for total application rate 25-30% straw mushroom bacterial classification to charge level, adopt " hand method " to make it to sink to about 3~5 centimetres of depths in the material, will remain bacterial classification and spread the material table, and with plank charge level be flattened immediately.
8, the method for natural pond as claimed in claim 7 slag base-material cultivating straw mushroom is characterized in that, the compacting in the sowing process is to be depressed into the cultivation binder layer thickness of spreading to reduce 5-8 centimetre.
CNB2007100159268A 2007-06-11 2007-06-11 Base-material and the cultivation method of a kind of natural pond slag for cultivating straw mushroom CN100548110C (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101870614A (en) * 2010-08-03 2010-10-27 李文胜 Edible mushroom culture medium
CN102153386A (en) * 2011-01-05 2011-08-17 农业部规划设计研究院 Technology for anaerobic fermentation of facility agriculture garbage into fertilizer
CN103270841A (en) * 2013-05-18 2013-09-04 邬金飞 Application of biogas slurry in shiitake
CN103304331A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-09-18 邬金飞 Straw mushroom stock compost combination and preparation method of culture medium
CN103304334A (en) * 2013-06-23 2013-09-18 邬金飞 Formula for straw mushroom stock culture material and method for preparing culture material
CN103396204A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-11-20 芜湖野树林生物科技有限公司 Straw mushroom culture medium and method for culturing straw mushroom
CN103467171A (en) * 2013-08-12 2013-12-25 凤台县星展食用菌有限公司 Straw mushroom cultivation medium and preparation method thereof
CN104303828A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-28 杜长青 Method using biogas fermentation residues to cultivate pleurotus eryngii
CN104303827A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-28 杜长青 Cultivation method for agrocybe cylindracea
CN105075654A (en) * 2014-05-15 2015-11-25 甘肃陇西三园生物科技有限责任公司 Method for cultivating oyster mushrooms by adding biogas manure into corn straws

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101870614A (en) * 2010-08-03 2010-10-27 李文胜 Edible mushroom culture medium
CN101870614B (en) * 2010-08-03 2013-06-26 李文胜 Edible mushroom culture medium
CN102153386A (en) * 2011-01-05 2011-08-17 农业部规划设计研究院 Technology for anaerobic fermentation of facility agriculture garbage into fertilizer
CN103270841B (en) * 2013-05-18 2015-03-25 邬金飞 Method for soaking shiitake using biogas slurry
CN103270841A (en) * 2013-05-18 2013-09-04 邬金飞 Application of biogas slurry in shiitake
CN103304331A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-09-18 邬金飞 Straw mushroom stock compost combination and preparation method of culture medium
CN103304334A (en) * 2013-06-23 2013-09-18 邬金飞 Formula for straw mushroom stock culture material and method for preparing culture material
CN103396204A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-11-20 芜湖野树林生物科技有限公司 Straw mushroom culture medium and method for culturing straw mushroom
CN103396204B (en) * 2013-06-28 2015-07-08 芜湖野树林生物科技有限公司 Straw mushroom culture medium and method for culturing straw mushroom
CN103467171A (en) * 2013-08-12 2013-12-25 凤台县星展食用菌有限公司 Straw mushroom cultivation medium and preparation method thereof
CN105075654A (en) * 2014-05-15 2015-11-25 甘肃陇西三园生物科技有限责任公司 Method for cultivating oyster mushrooms by adding biogas manure into corn straws
CN105075654B (en) * 2014-05-15 2017-09-01 甘肃陇西三园生物科技有限责任公司 Maize straw addition biogas residue and biogas liquid cultivation flat mushroom method
CN104303827A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-28 杜长青 Cultivation method for agrocybe cylindracea
CN104303828A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-28 杜长青 Method using biogas fermentation residues to cultivate pleurotus eryngii

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