CN101097563A - System and method for realizing board centralized management and controlling - Google Patents

System and method for realizing board centralized management and controlling Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101097563A
CN101097563A CNA2006100904603A CN200610090460A CN101097563A CN 101097563 A CN101097563 A CN 101097563A CN A2006100904603 A CNA2006100904603 A CN A2006100904603A CN 200610090460 A CN200610090460 A CN 200610090460A CN 101097563 A CN101097563 A CN 101097563A
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China
Prior art keywords
veneer
function
control unit
output
main control
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CNA2006100904603A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱红军
牛堃
张来喜
周嵘
郝磷
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ZTE Corp
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ZTE Corp
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Priority to CNA2006100904603A priority Critical patent/CN101097563A/en
Publication of CN101097563A publication Critical patent/CN101097563A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of system and method to realize integrated management and control for single-chip, said system includes: master control unit, management unit and output control unit corresponding with several functional single-chips, and said master control units are connected with the managing unit corresponding with functional single-chips, and the managing unit corresponding with functional single-chips is connected with output control unit by output control signal. The invention can realize the information interchange between the functional single-chips by communication bus, and all functional single-chips are controlled and managed by master control unit. It solves the problems of integrated management and control for single-chip in distributed system, and it can ensure the hardware can not be destroy and all systems work normally when the single-chip is inserted wrong.

Description

A kind of veneer centralized management and the realization System and method for of controlling
Technical field
The present invention relates to telecommunications and automation control area, specifically, is the System and method for of in a kind of dcs each function veneer being managed concentratedly and being controlled.
Background technology
In electronic system design, distributed control and management system right and wrong are usually seen.For example in large-scale communication apparatus, the function veneer that is in the same machine frame just adopts centralized management and the control of distributed control mode realization to each function veneer in the system usually.
In this system, master control veneer adopts any mode to realize identification and management function to all functions veneer, is the problem that needs emphasis to consider in the total system design.Even all carried out compatible design for the power pin of all functions veneer in the design, the problem that power supply or earth signal wrong under the situation of veneer wrong plug, can not occur, but the function veneer still might cause hardware damage or cause the system can't operate as normal because of other signal conflicts this moment.For example wrong plug groove position causes the output signal of two function veneers to be connected on together, veneer so also can occur and damage or the abnormal situation of total system work.For the system of design maturation,, to guarantee that also hardware is not damaged, and can not have influence on the operate as normal of the total system of moving even under the situation of function veneer wrong plug groove position.
In the patent No. that Huawei Tech Co., Ltd proposes is in the Chinese patent " method of utilizing the CPU on the system board to carry out the centralized control processing " of CN1484159, a kind of method of utilizing the CPU on the system board to carry out the centralized control processing is disclosed, at least comprise following operation steps: each veneer of CPU all in this system in (1) this system control panel provides cpu bus, and system control panel also is provided with veneer respectively at bit line and chip selection signal line for each veneer; (2) veneer to each groove position distributes an address in this system; (3) with the various combinations at bit line and chip selection signal line of described cpu bus, veneer, the CPU in this system control panel carries out centralized control to all veneers in this system to be handled; Each veneer then sends by the CPU in system control panel and interrupts or alarm signal the request control and treatment.
The patent No. that proposes at TOSHIBA CORP is in the international monopoly " MOUNTED BOARDMANAGEMENT SYSTEM " of JP04232556A, disclose a kind of veneer management system, can avoid wrong address setting and not need to carry out the multiplexed address bus design.Implementation method is: the address date that provides at the address setting unit of motherboard 1 one sides 161-16N stores address storaging unit A1 at first temporarily, sends to address validity detecting unit A2 by connector D then.Address validity detecting unit A2 compares the address date that the address date among the address storaging unit A1 and motherboard address bus 11 provide, only in the unanimity of address, just can produce chip selection signal CE, send the CE signal then to data input and output control unit A3.The A3 unit receives after the CE signal, by control bus 13 transmitting-receiving control datas, just can carry out the visit of state and the input-output operation of data by data bus 12.
In Chinese patent CN1484159, mainly be to adopt hardware design methods to realize the detection and the control and management function of veneer, use cpu bus, sheet choosing and interrupt realizing control and the visit of master control veneer for the function veneer, this has taken a large amount of system hardware resources, and is not suitable for the large scale system application.In case when the veneer quantity in the system was a lot, cpu resource just may be not enough, can't realize the control and the management of a large amount of function veneers.In international monopoly JP04232556A, mainly realize the management and the control of veneer by hardware design, need design stores unit, address validity detecting unit, address bus and control bus simultaneously, this has increased the complicacy of system, also causes design and production cost to increase simultaneously.
In sum, 2 above-mentioned patents all be just under the situation that system can normally move to system in the function veneer carry out centralized control and management, and do not consider how to detect and avoid veneer wrong plug state, in the time of can't guaranteeing the veneer wrong plug the problem that hardware damage even total system can't be worked can not appear yet.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome problems of the prior art, the present invention proposes a kind of by the system and method for communication bus realization master control borad to the centralized management and the control of all functions veneer.
The realization system of centralized management of a kind of veneer and control comprises: main control unit, administrative unit and the output control unit corresponding with a plurality of function veneers is characterized in that:
Described main control unit is connected to the administrative unit of each function veneer correspondence by communication bus, and the administrative unit of described function veneer correspondence is connected to each self-corresponding output control unit by the output control signal.
Choose suitable communication bus according to system requirements, adopt rational communications protocol, in the communication data frame, include the board type byte that is used to distinguish the difference in functionality veneer.
Power supply and communication interface to the function veneer carry out compatible processing;
Information such as the board type stored on the function veneer, groove position, version are carried out unified planning and distribution.
Described main control unit, after function veneer insertion slot powers on, the corresponding relation of the board type of setting in advance in the memory device of board type, groove position, version information and the main control unit that the function veneer is reported by communicating circuit, groove position, version compares, if the groove position that veneer inserts is incorrect, provide warning information; If correct,, make the service signal output of function veneer by the communicating circuit transmitting order to lower levels.
Described administrative unit is carried out communication by communicating circuit and main control unit;
Described administrative unit, by exporting the state that control signal is provided with output control unit, control service signal output channel opens or closes.
Described output control unit comprises gate terminals control I/O signal and interface chip at least;
Described output control unit after the function Board Power up, is closed condition by hardware setting from all output signals of the command of execution, and service signal on the function veneer and total system are isolated mutually.
The implementation method of a kind of veneer centralized management and control comprises the steps:
The first step, system powers on, and main control unit normally moves;
Second step, insert the function veneer, the function Board Power up, the output control unit on the veneer is a closed condition from all service signals of the command of execution, all service signals can't output to backboard;
In the 3rd step, the administrative unit on the function veneer reads current slot number, plate type of single plate number and version information, reports main control unit by communication interface;
In the 4th step, the current slot number that main control unit reports the function veneer that receives, plate type of single plate number, version information compare with the board type number, slot number and the version information corresponding relation that leave in advance according to planning in the main control unit;
In the 5th step, master control veneer decision-making function veneer groove, board type number or version information do not conform to, and then send a warning message, and jump to for the 8th step then;
In the 6th step, master control veneer decision-making function veneer groove, board type number conform to version information, and then the function veneer is given in the order of issuing service signal output enable;
In the 7th step, the administrative unit on the function veneer receives the output enable order, and output control signal state is set, and opens the service signal output channel, makes the professional output signal on the function veneer effective, and this moment, the function veneer began normal operation;
In the 8th step, change other operation.
The present invention realizes the message exchange between each function veneer by communication bus, then by main control unit control and management all functions veneer.Solved the problem that veneer is managed concentratedly and controlled in the distributed system design, and under the situation of wrong plug veneer, guaranteed that hardware can not damage, the total system operate as normal.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a veneer centralized management system block diagram in the distributed system;
Fig. 2 is the output control unit design example;
Fig. 3 is veneer centralized management and the realization flow figure that controls.
Embodiment
Veneer centralized management system block diagram as shown in Figure 1 in the distributed system that the present invention proposes.
The present invention mainly comprises main control unit 101, separately administrative unit 102 and the output control unit 103 corresponding with a plurality of function veneers.
Main control unit 101 is connected to administrative unit 102 on all functions module by communication bus, and the administrative unit 102 on the function veneer is connected to each self-corresponding output control unit 103 by the output control signal.
Main control unit 101 is the main control unit of total system, and the function of realization mainly comprises:
(1) by the administrative unit communication on communication bus and each function veneer.Main control unit issues various control commands by communication bus, the operation of control function veneer; The various information that the while main control unit also reports by communication bus receiving management unit.
(2) deposit the corresponding relation of function plate type of single plate, groove position and the version set in advance by the user.
All have an administrative unit on the every function veneer, administrative unit can realize for the management of function veneer and control.The function that administrative unit 102 realizes comprises:
(1) administrative unit is by communication bus and main control unit communication; Administrative unit can report various data and information to give main control unit; Also can receive the control command that main control unit issues, move according to control command control function veneer;
(2) various information such as the board type stored on can the read functions veneer of administrative unit, groove position, version;
(3) can be by exporting the state that control signal be provided with output control unit, control service signal output channel is opened or is closed.
All have an output control unit 103 on the every function veneer, the service signal that is used on the control function veneer is exported or is closed.
The function that output control unit 103 is realized comprises:
(1) power on the back be output as closed condition from all service signals of the command of execution;
(2) when the output control signal is effective, open output channel, make all service signals normally export.
The veneer centralized management and the control method that realize on these hardware mainly are by communication bus, realize the message exchange between each function veneer, then by main control unit control and management all functions veneer.
Among the present invention, need carry out global design for system architecture, this comprises selects communication bus, power supply and communication interface design, and the unified planning of information such as groove position and board type.
At first, realize the data exchange channel between master control veneer and all functions veneer according to the concrete communication bus of using selected total system.For example can adopt universal serial bus or parallel bus to realize communication.Administrative unit on main control unit and all functions veneer is by the mutual communication of communication channel.Can select suitable universal serial bus to realize communication according to the data volume of communication.
For example the swap data amount is very big, and the exigent application of communication speed can adopt LAN to realize; And communication data amount smaller applications can adopt I2C bus, spi bus or RS485 bus design.By adopting rational communications protocol, in the communication data frame, include the plate type of single plate byte, be used for distinguishing different function veneers, have only function veneer that should board type number is handled with corresponding this communication data frame.Can realize effectively that like this main control unit 101 is for the centralized control and the management function of all veneers in the functional unit 102 in the distributed system.
Power supply and communication interface for all functions veneer on the subrack backboard all carries out the compatibility design then, realizes that power supply and the communication interface on the subrack backboard can compatible all function veneers.For example can design the power supply in all functions veneer external interface in the same machine frame, all adopt identical interface pin to realize with the communication interface signal, even the function veneer has inserted wrong groove position like this, because power supply, all identical with the communication interface signal, the situation that the power interface signal shorts can not occur, communication channel also can operate as normal.
Need at last the board type numbering of all functions veneer, the groove bit number that should take, single board edition numbering are carried out unified planning and distribution.
Following mask body is introduced the specific implementation method of main control unit, administrative unit and output control unit.
Main control unit 101 comprises CPU, memory device and a communication interface at least.CPU is used to realize control and the communication to main control unit and all functions veneer.Stored the mapping table of board type, groove position and version that the user sets in the memory device, be used for judging and detect board type, whether the groove position conforms to version.Communication interface is used to realize the communication of main control unit and all functions veneer.In case having the function veneer to insert in the slot powers on, the function veneer reports the groove position and the version at board type number, current place automatically by communication channel, the board type that main control unit reports the function veneer, groove position, current place record and colophon get off, compare mutually with the corresponding relation of prior board type, groove position and the version of setting of user in the memory device, in case find that the groove position of veneer insertion is incorrect, main control unit can provide warning information.In actual applications, the user can formulate and adjust board type and groove position mapping table according to actual operating position, to satisfy various system configuration situation and concrete application demand.
The relevant information of each function veneer in the main control unit 101 all right register systems.After the function Board Power up, when reporting board type, groove position, current place and version, can also report various single board state information, various information such as veneer resource situation, running state of single plate, single board software edition for example, the single board information that main control unit can the writing function veneer reports is convenient to realize the monitoring to all functions single board state.If necessary, master control veneer can show all single board information in the single board information table by external display device.
If veneer insertion groove position is correct, main control unit can issue communication command by communication channel and give this function veneer, makes the service signal output of this function veneer.Simultaneously main control unit can be realized centralized control and management for all functions veneer by issuing various command, for example realizes running state of single plate monitoring, board resetting, carries out function such as business operation.
All have corresponding administrative unit and output control unit on the every function veneer.
Administrative unit 102 comprises the I/O signal of CPU, memory device, 1 communication interface and 1 output at least.CPU is by communication interface and main control unit communication.Administrative unit can read various information such as running state of single plate, single board software edition simultaneously.These information generally all leave in the memory device, for example leave among RAM or the FLASH, also can leave in the hardware circuit of recorded information, for example write down the circuit of plate type of single plate number or single board edition.And administrative unit is connected on the gate terminals I/O signal of output control unit by 1 I/O signal of output, and administrative unit can be by the service signal output of this I/O signal controlling function veneer.
Output control unit 103 comprises gate terminals control I/O signal and interface chip at least.In actual applications, the service signal of function veneer output all will be handled and just can export veneer afterwards by interface chip such as driving or latch, general interface chip all has the output gate terminals, this gate terminals is set makes and be output as high-impedance state and just can close all professional outputs.For example can use CMOS chip for driving, LVDS chip for driving, relay or optocoupler as interface chip.Adopt the gate terminals of general purpose I/O signal controlling interface chip then, realize control the service signal output channel.
After the function Board Power up, output control unit is closed condition by hardware design from all output signals of the command of execution, and service signal on the function veneer and total system are isolated mutually simultaneously.Even wrong plug the groove position, the also hardware damage that can not cause owing to the output signal short circuit of function veneer, simultaneously for the system that is moving without any influence.On for example can carrying out to the gate terminals employing resistance of total interface chip/and drop-down design, guarantee that gate terminals control I/O signal is defaulted as disarmed state (output closed condition).In actual applications, particularly for those must non-stop run equipment, newly-increased or change the function veneer in, can only under the entire equipment duty, insert the function veneer.If function veneer wrong plug this moment groove position just causes total system work undesired probably.Adopt above-mentioned output signal Circuit Design, just can effectively the what's new veneer be isolated in outside the system, guarantee the normal operation of system.Fig. 2 has provided a kind of example of output control unit.
The centralized management of function veneer is as follows with the implementation method of control:
The first step: total system powers on, and main control unit normally moves;
Second step: insert the function veneer, the function Board Power up, the output control unit on the veneer is a closed condition from all service signals of the command of execution, all service signals can't output to backboard;
The 3rd step: the administrative unit on the function veneer reads information such as current slot number, plate type of single plate number and version number, reports main control unit by communication interface;
The 4th step: information such as the current slot number that main control unit reports the function veneer that receives, plate type of single plate number, version compare with the board type number, slot number and the start context corresponding relation that leave in advance according to planning in the main control unit;
The 5th step: master control veneer decision-making function veneer groove, board type number or start context do not conform to, and then send a warning message, and jump to for the 8th step then;
The 6th step: master control veneer decision-making function veneer groove, board type number conform to start context, and then the function veneer is given in the order of issuing service signal output enable;
The 7th step: the administrative unit on the function veneer receives the output enable order, and output control signal state is set, and opens the service signal output channel, makes the professional output signal on the function veneer effective, and this moment, the function veneer began normal operation;
The 8th step: change other operation.
Provided the process flow diagram of veneer centralized management method among Fig. 3.
The total system management realizes communication by communication bus, and concrete communication modes can be selected according to the actual requirements flexibly.
The power supply of each veneer and communication interface are taked Compatibility Design in the total system, and guaranteeing to insert veneer can electrifying startup operation and communication channel operate as normal.
Adopt output control unit that the single board service signal is exported control, only insert the just output of open service signal under the correct situation of veneer at system validation.Even function veneer wrong plug groove position also can not influence the operate as normal of total system.Be particularly suitable for to use on the system-level device of non-stop run at those.
The user can adjust corresponding relation between Monoplacophora model and groove position and the single board edition according to actual conditions, realizes centralized management and control flexibly.

Claims (7)

1, the realization system of centralized management of a kind of veneer and control comprises: main control unit, administrative unit and the output control unit corresponding with a plurality of function veneers is characterized in that:
Described main control unit is connected to the administrative unit of each function veneer correspondence by communication bus, and the administrative unit of described function veneer correspondence is connected to each self-corresponding output control unit by the output control signal.
2, the realization system of veneer centralized management as claimed in claim 1 and control is characterized in that:
Choose suitable communication bus according to system requirements, adopt rational communications protocol, in the communication data frame, include the board type byte that is used to distinguish the difference in functionality veneer.
3, the realization system of veneer centralized management as claimed in claim 1 and control is characterized in that:
Power supply and communication interface to the function veneer carry out compatible processing;
Information such as the board type stored on the function veneer, groove position, version are carried out unified planning and distribution.
4, as the realization system of claim 1 or 2 or 3 described veneer centralized management and control, it is characterized in that:
Described main control unit, after function veneer insertion slot powers on, the corresponding relation of the board type of setting in advance in the memory device of board type, groove position, version information and the main control unit that the function veneer is reported by communicating circuit, groove position, version compares, if the groove position that veneer inserts is incorrect, provide warning information; If correct,, make the service signal output of function veneer by the communicating circuit transmitting order to lower levels.
5, as the realization system of claim 1 or 2 or 3 described veneer centralized management and control, it is characterized in that:
Described administrative unit is carried out communication by communicating circuit and main control unit;
Described administrative unit, by exporting the state that control signal is provided with output control unit, control service signal output channel opens or closes.
6, as the realization system of claim 1 or 2 or 3 described veneer centralized management and control, it is characterized in that:
Described output control unit comprises gate terminals control I/O signal and interface chip at least;
Described output control unit after the function Board Power up, is closed condition by hardware setting from all output signals of the command of execution, and service signal on the function veneer and total system are isolated mutually.
7, the implementation method of a kind of veneer centralized management and control is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
The first step, system powers on, and main control unit normally moves;
Second step, insert the function veneer, the function Board Power up, the output control unit on the veneer is a closed condition from all service signals of the command of execution, all service signals can't output to backboard;
In the 3rd step, the administrative unit on the function veneer reads current slot number, plate type of single plate number and version information, reports main control unit by communication interface;
In the 4th step, the current slot number that main control unit reports the function veneer that receives, plate type of single plate number, version information compare with the board type number, slot number and the version information corresponding relation that leave in advance according to planning in the main control unit;
In the 5th step, master control veneer decision-making function veneer groove, board type number or version information do not conform to, and then send a warning message, and jump to for the 8th step then;
In the 6th step, master control veneer decision-making function veneer groove, board type number conform to version information, and then the function veneer is given in the order of issuing service signal output enable;
In the 7th step, the administrative unit on the function veneer receives the output enable order, and output control signal state is set, and opens the service signal output channel, makes the professional output signal on the function veneer effective, and this moment, the function veneer began normal operation;
In the 8th step, change other operation.
CNA2006100904603A 2006-06-27 2006-06-27 System and method for realizing board centralized management and controlling Pending CN101097563A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102012880A (en) * 2010-11-26 2011-04-13 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Method and device for starting multi-single board system
CN101577623B (en) * 2009-06-10 2011-07-13 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Communication equipment electromechanical management device and communication equipment system communication equipment electromechanical management device belongs to
CN102546377A (en) * 2010-12-31 2012-07-04 深圳市恒扬科技有限公司 Backboard
CN101667992B (en) * 2008-09-05 2013-01-09 华为技术有限公司 Bus protecting auto-negotiation method and device
CN101751368B (en) * 2009-12-30 2013-08-07 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Single-board communication method, device and system
WO2015006927A1 (en) * 2013-07-16 2015-01-22 华为技术有限公司 Terminal integration device, optical network system and terminal location identification method
WO2017054518A1 (en) * 2015-09-28 2017-04-06 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Service board device resource management method and apparatus, main control board and framed device
CN106789368A (en) * 2017-02-23 2017-05-31 郑州云海信息技术有限公司 The detection method and device of the mixed insertion groove position of server node
CN109933178A (en) * 2019-01-16 2019-06-25 浙江众合科技股份有限公司 The device of board resetting is realized in a kind of train signal system
CN111385133A (en) * 2018-12-29 2020-07-07 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Resource management method and system
WO2020238522A1 (en) * 2019-05-31 2020-12-03 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Method, apparatus, and system for acquiring module identification

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101667992B (en) * 2008-09-05 2013-01-09 华为技术有限公司 Bus protecting auto-negotiation method and device
CN101577623B (en) * 2009-06-10 2011-07-13 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Communication equipment electromechanical management device and communication equipment system communication equipment electromechanical management device belongs to
CN101751368B (en) * 2009-12-30 2013-08-07 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Single-board communication method, device and system
CN102012880B (en) * 2010-11-26 2015-01-28 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Method and device for starting multi-single board system
CN102012880A (en) * 2010-11-26 2011-04-13 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Method and device for starting multi-single board system
CN102546377A (en) * 2010-12-31 2012-07-04 深圳市恒扬科技有限公司 Backboard
CN102546377B (en) * 2010-12-31 2014-11-19 深圳市恒扬科技有限公司 Backboard
WO2015006927A1 (en) * 2013-07-16 2015-01-22 华为技术有限公司 Terminal integration device, optical network system and terminal location identification method
WO2017054518A1 (en) * 2015-09-28 2017-04-06 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Service board device resource management method and apparatus, main control board and framed device
CN106789368A (en) * 2017-02-23 2017-05-31 郑州云海信息技术有限公司 The detection method and device of the mixed insertion groove position of server node
CN111385133A (en) * 2018-12-29 2020-07-07 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Resource management method and system
CN109933178A (en) * 2019-01-16 2019-06-25 浙江众合科技股份有限公司 The device of board resetting is realized in a kind of train signal system
WO2020238522A1 (en) * 2019-05-31 2020-12-03 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Method, apparatus, and system for acquiring module identification

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