CN101083112A - Method of and apparatus for managing disc defects in disc, and disc on which defects are managed - Google Patents

Method of and apparatus for managing disc defects in disc, and disc on which defects are managed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101083112A
CN101083112A CN 200710126967 CN200710126967A CN101083112A CN 101083112 A CN101083112 A CN 101083112A CN 200710126967 CN200710126967 CN 200710126967 CN 200710126967 A CN200710126967 A CN 200710126967A CN 101083112 A CN101083112 A CN 101083112A
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temporary defect
area
information
data
defect management
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CN 200710126967
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101083112B (en
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高祯完
李坰根
黄盛凞
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三星电子株式会社
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Priority to KR20020061897A priority Critical patent/KR100739673B1/en
Priority to KR10-2002-0061897 priority
Application filed by 三星电子株式会社 filed Critical 三星电子株式会社
Priority to CN03824066.12003.09.23 priority
Publication of CN101083112A publication Critical patent/CN101083112A/en
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Publication of CN101083112B publication Critical patent/CN101083112B/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B20/00Signal processing not specific to the method of recording or reproducing; Circuits therefor
    • G11B20/10Digital recording or reproducing
    • G11B20/18Error detection or correction; Testing, e.g. of drop-outs
    • G11B20/1883Methods for assignment of alternate areas for defective areas
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B20/00Signal processing not specific to the method of recording or reproducing; Circuits therefor
    • G11B20/10Digital recording or reproducing
    • G11B20/18Error detection or correction; Testing, e.g. of drop-outs
    • G11B2020/1873Temporary defect structures for write-once discs, e.g. TDDS, TDMA or TDFL
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B2220/00Record carriers by type
    • G11B2220/20Disc-shaped record carriers

Abstract

一种用于使用盘中的临时缺陷管理区域来管理盘中的盘缺陷的方法和设备,以及盘,其中,该方法包括:将用户数据记录在数据区域中;和将关于记录在数据区域中的用户数据的临时缺陷信息和临时缺陷管理信息记录在存在于引入区域和引出区域的至少一个中的临时缺陷管理区域中。 Temporary defect management area used for managing disc defects in a disc plate method and apparatus, and a disk, wherein the method comprises: recording the user data in the data area; and a data recording area on temporary defect management area of ​​the temporary defect information and temporary defect management information recorded in the user data present in at least a lead-in area and the lead-in region. 因此,该方法和设备可应用到可记录的盘并且能够有效地使用缺陷管理区域。 Thus, the method and apparatus can be applied to a recordable disc can be effectively used defect management area.

Description

管理盘中的盘缺陷的方法以及分配盘的区域的方法 The method of the defect area management method of the disc tray and the dispensing tray

本申请是申请日为2003年9月23日、申请号为03824066.1、发明名称为“用于管理盘中的盘缺陷的方法和设备以及在其上管理缺陷的盘”的发明专利申请的分案申请。 This application is filed September 23, 2003, Application No. 03824066.1, entitled "Method and apparatus for disc defect management of the disc and a disc on which defects are managed in the" invention patent applications divisional Application.

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及盘缺陷管理,更具体地讲,涉及一种用于使用临时缺陷管理区域(TDMA)来管理盘缺陷的方法和设备,以及一种在其中使用该方法和设备来执行缺陷管理的盘。 The present invention relates to disc defect management, and more particularly, relates to a method for using the temporary defect management area (TDMA) to a disc defect management method and apparatus, and wherein the disc A method and apparatus to perform defect management .

背景技术 Background technique

缺陷管理是重写存储在在其中产生缺陷的盘的用户数据区域中的数据的处理。 Defect management is a process of rewriting data stored in the user data area of ​​the disc in which a defect occurs in. 数据被重写到盘的数据区域的新部分,从而补偿另外由缺陷导致的数据丢失。 Data is rewritten to a new portion of the disc data area, thereby compensating for the additional loss of data caused by defects. 通常,使用线性替换方法或滑移替换方法来执行缺陷管理。 Typically, using a linear replacement method or a slipping replacement method to perform defect management. 在线性替换方法中,使用不具有缺陷的备用数据区域来替换在其中存在缺陷的用户数据区域。 In the linear replacement method, a spare data area having no defects to replace the user data area where a defect is present. 在滑移替换方法中,具有缺陷的用户数据区域被滑移过,并且使用下一个不具有缺陷的用户数据区域。 In the slipping replacement method, the user data area having a defect is slip-over, a user data area having no defects in and used.

线性替换和滑移替换方法二者仅仅可应用到在其上可以重复记录数据并且可以使用随机存取方法来执行记录的盘如DVD-RAM/RW。 Both linear replacement and slipping replacement methods can only be applied to duplicate the data recorded thereon and the recording may be performed as a disc DVD-RAM / RW using a random access method. 换言之,线性替换和滑移替换方法很难应用到在其上仅仅允许一次记录的一次写入盘。 In other words, the linear replacement and slipping replacement methods are difficult to apply to which is permitted only once in the write once recording disc.

通常,通过将数据记录在盘上并且然后确认数据是否已经被正确地记录在盘上来检测盘中的缺陷的存在。 Typically, the data recorded on the disk and then confirm whether the data has been correctly detected the presence of the disc onto a recording disc defect. 然而,一旦数据被记录在一次写入盘上,则不可能盖写新数据和管理其中的缺陷。 However, once the data is recorded on a write-once disc, it is impossible to overwrite new data and manage defects therein.

在CD-R和DVD-R的发展以后,引入了具有几十GB的记录容量的高密度一次写入盘。 After the development of CD-R and DVD-R, the introduction of high-density has a recording capacity of several tens of GB write-once disc. 由于这种类型的盘不贵并且允许实现快速记录操作的随机存取,所以这种类型的盘可以使用作为备份盘。 Since this type of disk is inexpensive and allows fast random access recording operation, so this type of disk can be used as a backup disk. 然而,由于对于一次写入盘不可以进行缺陷管理,所以当在备份操作期间检测到缺陷区域(即,存在缺陷的区域)时,备份操作被中止。 However, since the write-once disc for defect management is not performed, so that when a defect is detected during the backup operation region (i.e., the defective region), the backup operation is aborted. 通常,由于当没有频繁地使用系统时,如在系统管理员不操作系统的夜间执行备份操作,所以更加可能当备份操作因为检测到一次写入盘的缺陷区域而被停止时,中止的备份操作将整个夜间保持中止,从而没有完全地执行该备份操作。 In general, since when the system is not used frequently, such as system administrators perform a backup system does not operate at night, it is more likely that the backup operation, when a defective area is detected as a write-once disc is stopped, the backup operation aborted will remain suspended throughout the night, so as not fully perform the backup operation.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明提供了一种可以被应用到盘的缺陷管理方法和设备以及一种使用该缺陷管理方法来管理缺陷的盘。 The present invention provides a method may be applied to the disc defect management method and apparatus using the same and a disc defect management method for managing defects.

本发明还提供了一种缺陷管理方法和设备,即使在记录操作期间检测到缺陷该方法和设备仍可以管理盘缺陷,实现无中断记录操作,以及一种具有该方法的盘。 The present invention also provides a defect management method and apparatus, a defect detection apparatus and the method can still manage disc defects even during the recording operation, the recording operation is achieved without interruption, and a disc having the method.

将在接下来的描述中部分阐述本发明另外的方面和/或优点,还有一部分通过描述将是清楚的,或者可以经过本发明的实施而得知。 The present invention will be set forth Additional aspects and / or advantages of a part will be apparent from the description, or may be implemented through the present invention are known in the following description.

根据本发明的一方面,盘包括:数据区域,在其中记录用户数据;和临时缺陷管理区域,存在于引入区域和引出区域中的至少一个中,并且在其中记录关于记录在数据区域中的用户数据的临时缺陷信息和临时缺陷管理信息。 According to an aspect of the present invention, the disk comprising: a data area in which user data is recorded; and a temporary defect management area, is present in the lead-in area and lead-out area at least one, and in which recording on the recording in the user data area the data temporary defect information and temporary defect management information.

最好,但不必需,对在其中用户数据被记录在数据区域中的每个记录操作记录临时缺陷信息和临时缺陷管理信息。 Preferably, but not necessarily, for each recording operation in which user data is recorded in the data area of ​​the temporary defect information and temporary defect management information.

另外,最好,但不必需,临时缺陷信息包含指示在其中记录相应的用户数据的数据区域的缺陷区域的位置的信息,或包含指示作为缺陷区域的替代的替换区域的位置的信息。 Further, it is preferable, but not required, that the temporary defect information comprises recording information indicating the position where the defective area of ​​the data area corresponding to user data, or a position information indicating the replacement area as an alternative defect area.

根据本发明的另一方面,提供了一种管理盘中的盘缺陷的方法,该方法包括:将关于根据记录操作记录在盘的数据区域中的数据的缺陷信息作为临时缺陷信息记录在存在于盘的引入区域和引出区域中的至少一个中的临时缺陷管理区域中;和将用于管理临时缺陷信息的管理信息作为临时缺陷管理信息记录在临时缺陷管理区域中。 According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of managing disc defects in a disc, the method comprising: a defect information according to the recording operation of recording data in the data area on the disc as temporary defect information recorded in the presence of lead-in area of ​​the disk and at least one temporary defect management area in the lead-out area; and a temporary defect management information for managing information of a temporary defect management information recorded in the temporary defect management area.

最好,但不必需,该方法还包括:对每个记录操作重复记录缺陷信息和记录管理信息;和将最终记录的临时缺陷管理信息和临时缺陷信息记录在存在于引入区域和引出区域的至少一个中的缺陷管理区域中。 Preferably, but not necessarily, the method further comprising: repeating the recording operation for each recording defect management information and recording information; and a last recorded temporary defect management information and temporary defect information recorded in the lead-in area and the lead is present in the region of at least a defect management area.

根据本发明的一方面,在盘的最后完成期间,执行最终记录的临时缺陷信息的记录。 According to an aspect of the present invention, during disc finalization, the last recorded temporary defect execution information.

最好,但不必需,记录缺陷信息还包括:记录指示包含相应的用户数据的数据区域的缺陷区域的位置的信息作为临时缺陷信息;记录指示作为缺陷区域的替代的替换区域的位置的信息作为临时缺陷信息;或从临时缺陷信息区域的起始开始,顺序地将临时缺陷信息记录在包括在临时缺陷管理区域中的临时缺陷信息区域中。 Preferably, but not necessarily, recorded defect information further comprises: recording information indicating the position of the defective area of ​​the data area containing corresponding user data, as the temporary defect information; recording instruction information concerning the location of the defective area of ​​the substitution as the replacement area temporary defect information; or from a temporary defect information area starting start sequentially recorded in the temporary defect information includes the temporary defect information in the temporary defect management area in the region.

最好,但不必需,记录管理信息包括:从临时缺陷管理信息区域的结束开始,顺序地将缺陷信息记录在包括在临时缺陷管理区域中的临时缺陷管理信息区域中。 Preferably, but not necessarily, recording management information comprising: a management information area from the end of the temporary defect starts sequentially recording the defect information in the management information area includes a temporary defect in the temporary defect management area.

根据本发明的另一方面,提供了一种与盘一起使用的记录和/或再现设备,该设备包括:记录/读单元,将数据记录在盘上或从盘上读取数据;和控制器,控制记录/读单元以将关于根据记录操作记录在盘的数据区域中的数据的缺陷信息作为临时缺陷信息记录在存在于盘的引入区域和引出区域中的至少一个中的临时缺陷管理区域中,和将用于管理临时缺陷信息的管理信息作为临时缺陷管理信息记录在临时缺陷管理区域中。 According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a recording disc for use with and / or reproducing apparatus, the apparatus comprising: a recording / reading unit, the data recorded on the disk or read data from the disk; and a controller , controls the recording / reading unit to the lead-in area on according to the defect information recording operation is recorded in the data area of ​​the disc data as temporary defect information recorded in the presence of the disc and the lead-out area of ​​the at least one temporary defect management area , and for managing the temporary defect management information is recorded as temporary defect management information in the temporary defect management area.

最好,但不必需,控制器控制记录/读单元以对每个记录操作将临时缺陷信息和临时缺陷管理信息记录在临时缺陷管理区域中,并且在盘的最后完成期间,将最终记录的临时缺陷信息和最终记录的临时缺陷管理信息记录在存在于盘的引入区域和引出区域中的至少一个中的缺陷管理区域中。 Preferably, but not necessarily, the controller controls the recording / reading unit to the recording operation for each of the temporary defect information and temporary defect management information recorded in the temporary defect management area, and during finalization of the disc, the last recorded temporary temporary defect information and the defect management information recorded in the final defect management area recording in the lead-in area is present in at least one disc and the lead in the region.

根据本发明的另一方面,提供了一种与盘一起使用的记录设备,该设备包括:记录/读单元,将数据记录在盘上或从盘上读取数据;和控制器,控制记录/读单元以:将关于根据第一记录操作记录在盘的数据区域中的第一数据的缺陷信息作为第一临时缺陷信息记录在存在于盘的引入区域和引出区域的至少一个中的临时缺陷管理区域中,将用于管理第一临时缺陷信息的第一缺陷管理信息作为第一临时缺陷管理信息记录在临时缺陷管理区域中,将关于根据第二记录操作记录数据区域中的第二数据的第二缺陷信息作为第二临时缺陷信息记录在临时缺陷管理区域中,并且将用于管理第二临时缺陷信息的缺陷管理信息作为第二临时缺陷管理信息记录在临时缺陷管理区域中。 According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a recording apparatus for use with a disc, the apparatus comprising: a recording / reading unit, the data recorded on the disk or read data from the disk; and a controller that controls the recording / read unit to: the defect information according to a first recording operation of the first data in the data area on the disc recorded as first temporary defect information in the temporary defect exists in at least a lead-in area and the lead-out area of ​​the disc in the management region, the first defect information for managing the first temporary defect management information as first temporary defect management information is recorded in the first temporary defect management area, according to a second recording operation on the data area of ​​the second data two defect information as second temporary defect information in the temporary defect management area, and for managing the second temporary defect information in the defect management information as second temporary defect management information recorded in the temporary defect management area.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是根据本发明实施例的记录和/或再现设备的方框图。 1 is a block diagram showing and recording / or reproducing apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention.

图2A和2B示出根据本发明实施例的盘的结构。 Figures 2A and 2B show the structure of the disc according to an embodiment of the present invention.

图3示出根据本发明实施例的图2A和2B的盘的数据结构。 Figure 3 shows a view of an embodiment of the present invention, 2A and 2B, a data structure of the disc.

图4A到4D示出根据本发明实施例的缺陷管理区域的数据结构。 4A to 4D shows the data structure of the defect management area according to embodiments of the present invention.

图5示出根据本发明实施例的将数据记录在用户数据区域和备用区域中。 FIG 5 shows an embodiment of recording data in the present invention, a user data area and a spare area.

图6A、6B和图7示出根据本发明实施例的临时缺陷信息TDFL#0和TDFL#1的数据结构。 6A, 6B, and FIG 7 shows the temporary defect information TDFL # 0 and TDFL # 1 of the data structure of an embodiment of the present invention.

图8是示出根据本发明实施例的缺陷管理方法的流程图。 FIG 8 is a flowchart illustrating a defect management method according to embodiments of the present invention.

图9是示出根据本发明另一实施例的缺陷管理方法的流程图。 FIG 9 is a flowchart illustrating a defect management method according to another embodiment of the present invention. FIG.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

现在将详细讨论本发明的本实施方式,其例子在附图中示出,其中,相同附图标记始终指定同一部件。 It will now be discussed in detail to the present embodiments of the present invention, which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals designate the same components. 以下通过参考附图来描述实施例以解释本发明。 The following embodiments are described in order to explain the present invention by referring to the accompanying drawings.

图1是根据本发明实施例的记录和/或再现设备的方框图。 1 is a block diagram showing and recording / or reproducing apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention. 参考图1,该记录和/或再现设备包括:记录/读单元1、控制器2和存储器3。 Referring to FIG 1, the recording and / or reproducing apparatus comprising: a recording / reading unit 1, a controller 2 and a memory 3. 记录/读单元1将数据记录在作为根据本发明第一实施例的信息存储介质的盘100上,并且从盘100读回数据以校验记录的数据的准确性。 The recording / reading unit 1 records data on a disc as an information storage medium according to a first embodiment of the present invention 100, and in the data verify the accuracy of the recorded data is read back from the disk 100 in. 控制器2执行根据本发明实施例的缺陷管理。 Example 2 defect management controller to perform the embodiment of the present invention. 在示出的实施例中,控制器2使用写后校验方法,在该方法中,以预定的数据单位将数据记录在盘100上,并且校验记录的数据的准确性以检测记录的数据中的缺陷。 In the illustrated embodiment, the controller 2 uses the write check method, in the method, the predetermined data unit of recording data on the disc 100, and the data recording check data accuracy to detect the recorded the defect. 换言之,控制器2以记录操作为单位将用户数据记录在盘100上,并且校验记录的用户数据以检测其中存在缺陷的盘100的区域(即,缺陷区域)。 In other words, the controller 2 to the recording operation in units of user data is recorded on the disc 100, and verify the recorded user data to detect an area in which the defect of the disc 100 (i.e., a defective area). 在以预定单位记录数据以后,控制器2创建指示盘100的缺陷区域的位置的信息作为临时缺陷信息,并且将创建的临时缺陷信息存储在存储器3中。 After the data is recorded in predetermined units, the controller 2 creates the temporary defect information as temporary defect information storage information, and the created defect in the memory area 3 the position indicating plate 100. 如果存储的信息的量达到预定水平,则控制器2将存储的信息作为缺陷信息记录在盘100上。 If the amount of the stored information reaches a predetermined level, the controller 2 stores the information as defect information on the disc 100.

于此,记录操作是根据用户的意图所确定的工作的单位,或者是将被执行的记录工作。 Thereto, the recording operation is a unit according to the determined user's intention of the work, or the recording operation to be performed. 根据这个实施例,记录操作指示在其中盘100被装入记录和/或再现设备,数据被记录在盘100上,并且将盘100从记录和/或再现设备取出的过程。 According to this embodiment, a recording operation indicates where the disc 100 is loaded into the recording and / or reproducing apparatus, data is recorded on the disc 100, the disc 100 and the process from the recording and / or reproducing apparatus taken. 在该记录操作中,数据被记录和校验至少一次。 In the recording operation, data is recorded and verified at least once. 通常,数据被记录和校验几次。 Typically, data is recorded and verified several times. 使用写后校验方法获得的缺陷信息被临时存储在存储器3中。 Defect information obtained using the check method is written in the memory 3 is temporarily stored.

当在记录数据以后用户按下记录和/或再现设备的弹出按钮(没有示出)以移出盘100时,控制器2期待记录操作被终止。 When data is recorded after the user presses the recording and / or reproducing apparatus of the eject button (not shown) to remove the disc 100, the controller 2 terminates the recording operation is expected. 接下来,控制器2读取存储在存储器3中的信息,将读取的数据提供到记录/读单元1,并且控制记录/读单元1以将读取的数据记录在盘100上。 Subsequently, the controller 2 reads the data information stored in the memory 3, the read is supplied to the recording / reading unit 1, and controls the recording / reading unit 1 to read data recorded on the disc 100.

如果完成将数据记录在盘100上(即,不再有数据将被记录在盘100上并且盘100将被最后完成),则控制器2将临时缺陷信息和临时缺陷管理信息记录在盘100的缺陷管理区域中。 If the completion of the data recorded on the disc 100 (i.e., no more data will be recorded on the disc 100 and the disc 100 was last completed), the controller 2 temporary defect information and temporary defect management information recorded in the disc 100 defect management area.

在再现期间,记录和/或再现设备利用缺陷管理区域和/或临时缺陷管理区域中的缺陷信息和缺陷管理信息以访问记录的用户数据。 During reproduction, the recording and / or reproducing apparatus using the defect management area and / or the temporary defect information and the defect management area in a defect management information to access the recorded user data. 尽管根据图1示出的记录和/或再现设备描述,但应该理解该设备可以是单独的记录或再现设备或者是记录和再现设备。 While recording shown in FIG. 1 and / or reproducing apparatus is described, it is to be understood that the apparatus may be individual recording or reproducing apparatus or a recording and reproducing apparatus.

图2A和2B示出根据本发明实施例的图1中的盘100的结构。 Figures 2A and 2B show the structure of a disc according to an embodiment of the present invention 100. 图2A详细示出具有记录层L0的盘100的单记录层盘表示。 FIG 2A shows a detail of the recording layer L0 having a single recording layer disc representation of disc 100. 盘100包括引入区域、数据区域、和引出区域。 The disc 100 includes a lead-in area, a data area, and lead-out area. 引入区域位于盘100的内侧部分,引出区域位于盘100的外侧部分。 Lead-in area 100 located in an inner portion of the disc, lead-out area 100 located outside of the disc portion. 数据区域存在于引入区域和引出区域之间,并且被分割成用户数据区域和备用区域。 Present in the data region between the lead-in area and the lead-out area, and is divided into a user data area and a spare area.

用户数据区域是记录用户数据的数据区域的区域。 User data area is a data area recording user data area. 备用区域是作为用于具有缺陷的用户数据区域的一部分的替换区域的除用户数据区域以外的数据区域的区域。 Spare area as a data region of the user data area other than the area for the replacement user data area having a defect of a part. 备用区域用于补偿由用户数据区域中的缺陷导致的记录区域的丢失。 Spare area to compensate for the lost recording area caused by defects in the user data area. 假设在盘100内可能产生缺陷,最好但不必需,备用区域占用盘100的整个数据容量的5%,从而大量的数据可以被记录在盘100上。 May be generated in the disc is assumed that defects 100, preferably but not necessarily, occupied by the spare area 5% of the entire data capacity of the disc 100, so that a large amount of data can be recorded on the disc 100.

图2B示出具有两个记录层L0和L1的盘100的双记录层盘表示。 2B shows a double recording layer disc having two recording layers L0 and L1 of the disc 100 of FIG. 从第一记录层L0的内侧部分到第一记录层L0的外侧部分顺序地形成引入区域、数据区域、和外部区域。 From the inner portion of the first recording layer L0 to the outer portion are sequentially formed a first recording layer L0 lead-in area, a data area, and the outer region. 另外,从第二记录层L1的外侧部分到第二记录层的内侧部分顺序地形成外部区域、数据区域、和引出区域。 Further, from the outside portion of the second recording layer L1 to the inner portion of the second recording layer are sequentially formed in the outer area, a data area, and lead-out area. 与图2A的单记录层盘100不同,引出区域存在于图2B的盘100的内侧部分中。 The single recording layer disc 100 of FIG. 2A different, lead-out area is present in the inner portion of FIG. 2B disc 100. 即,图2B的盘100具有从第一记录层L0的引入区域开始并且连续到第一记录层L0的外部区域,并且从第二记录层L1的外部区域连续到第二记录层L1的引出区域记录数据的逆向轨道路径(OTP)。 That is, the disc 100 of FIG. 2B starting from the lead-in area having a first recording layer L0 and continuing to the outer region of the first recording layer L0 and the second recording layer L1 from an outer region of the continuous lead-out area of ​​the second L1 recording layer reverse data recording track path (OTP). 备用区域被分配到记录层L0和L1的每个中。 Spare area is allocated to each of the recording layers L0 and L1.

在图2A和2B的实施例中,备用区域存在于用户数据区域和引出区域之间以及用户数据区域和外部区域之间。 2A and 2B embodiment, the backup region exists between the user data area and a lead-out area and the user data region and the outer region. 如果需要,用户数据区域的一部分可以被使用作为另一个备用区域。 If desired, a portion of the user data area may be used as another spare area. 具体地讲,多于一个备用区域可以存在于引入区域和引出区域之间。 Specifically, more than one spare area may be present between the lead-in area and the lead-out area.

图3示出根据本发明实施例的盘100的结构的细节。 Figure 3 shows a detailed structure of an embodiment of the present invention, the disc 100. 参考图3,临时缺陷管理区域存在于盘100的引入区域、引出区域和外部区域中的至少一个中。 Referring to Figure 3, the temporary defect management area is present in the lead-in area 100 of the disc, lead-out area and the outer area of ​​the at least one. 另外,临时缺陷管理区域存在于引入区域和引出区域中的至少一个中。 Further, the temporary defect management area is present in the lead-in area and the lead-out area at least one.

通常,关于管理盘100中的缺陷的信息被记录在缺陷管理区域中。 Typically, the management information on the disc 100 is recorded in the defect management area in a defect. 这种信息包括:用于缺陷管理的盘100的结构、缺陷信息的位置、是否执行缺陷管理、和备用区域的位置和大小。 Such information includes: a structure for defect management of the disc 100, the defect position information, whether defect management position and size, and the spare area. 在一次写入盘的情况下,根据本发明的一方面,当先前记录的数据改变时,新数据通常记录在先前记录的数据之后。 In the case of the write-once disc, according to an aspect of the present invention, when the previously recorded data changes, new data is generally recorded after previously recorded data.

通常,当盘被装入如图1示出的记录/再现设备时,该设备从盘100的引入区域和引出区域读取数据以确定如何管理盘100,并且将数据记录在盘100上或从盘100读取数据。 Typically, when the disc is loaded FIG recording / reproducing apparatus 1 shown, the apparatus is read from the lead-in area and the lead-out area of ​​the disc 100 data to determine how to manage the disc 100, and the data recorded on the disc 100 or from the disc 100 to read data. 然而,如果记录在引入区域中的数据量增加,则在装入盘以后,将花费较长时间来记录或再现数据。 However, if the increase in the amount of data recorded in the lead-in area, after the disc is loaded, it takes a long time to record or reproduce data. 因此,本发明建议临时缺陷管理信息和临时缺陷信息。 Accordingly, the present invention proposes temporary defect management information and temporary defect information. 临时缺陷管理信息和临时缺陷信息被记录在形成于引入区域和/或引出区域中的临时缺陷管理区域中。 Temporary defect management information and temporary defect information is recorded in the lead-in area and formed in the area of ​​the temporary defect management area and / or lead-in.

根据本发明的实施例,使用线性替换方法来执行缺陷管理。 According to an embodiment of the present invention, a method using linear replacement defect management is performed. 因此,临时缺陷信息包括指示盘100的缺陷区域的位置的信息、和指示可以作为用于缺陷区域的替换区域的盘100的一部分的信息。 Therefore, the temporary defect information includes information indicating a position of the defective area of ​​the disc 100, and can be used as information indicating the replacement area for a defect area of ​​a portion of the disc 100. 临时缺陷管理信息被用于管理临时缺陷信息,并且包括指示记录临时缺陷信息的盘100的点的信息。 Temporary defect management information for managing the temporary defect information and includes information dots temporary defect information indicates that the recording disc 100.

根据本发明实施例,每次记录操作结束时记录临时缺陷信息和临时缺陷管理信息。 According to an embodiment of the present invention, the recording the temporary defect information and temporary defect management information recorded at the end of each operation. 临时缺陷管理区域包括临时缺陷信息#0和临时缺陷信息#1。 Temporary defect management area includes temporary defect information and temporary defect information # 0 # 1. 临时缺陷信息#0包括关于在记录操作#0期间记录的数据中产生的缺陷的信息和关于替换区域的信息。 Temporary defect information # 0 includes information about the defective data and information during the recording operation # 0 is generated in the recording on a replacement area. 临时缺陷信息#1包括关于在记录操作#1期间记录的数据中的缺陷的信息和关于作为临时缺陷信息#1的替换区域的信息。 Temporary defect information # 1 includes a defect on the recording data during a recording operation # 1 information and the information on the replacement area as temporary defect information # 1. 此外,临时缺陷管理区域包括临时缺陷管理信息#0、#1。 In addition, the temporary defect management area comprises a temporary defect management information # 0, # 1. 临时缺陷管理信息#0、#1包括用于管理临时缺陷管理信息#0、#1的相应的信息。 Temporary defect management information # 0, # 1 includes information for managing temporary defect management information # 0, # 1, corresponding information.

如果不再有数据可以或将被记录在盘100上,或如果用户不想在盘100上记录更多数据(即,盘100需要最后完成),则记录在临时缺陷信息区域中的临时缺陷信息和记录在临时缺陷管理信息区域中的临时缺陷管理信息被记录在缺陷管理区域中。 If no more data can or is to be recorded on the disc 100, or if the user does not want to record more data (i.e., the disc 100 needs to finalize) on the disc 100, the temporary defect information in the temporary defect information area of ​​the recording and temporary defect management information recorded in the temporary defect management information area is recorded in defect management area.

现在将解释将临时缺陷管理信息和临时缺陷信息再次记录在缺陷管理区域(DMA)中的原因。 Will now explain the temporary defect management information and temporary defect information reason (DMA) in the defect management area is recorded again. 当没有更多数据将被记录在盘100上(即,盘100需要被最后完成)时,被更新几次的临时缺陷管理信息和临时缺陷信息被移动到引入区域的缺陷管理区域,从而实现记录在盘100中的信息的快速读取。 When there is no more data to be recorded on the disc 100 (i.e., to finalize the disc 100 needs to be), is updated several times a temporary defect management information and temporary defect information is moved to the lead-in area of ​​the defect management area, thereby achieving recording fast reading information in the disc 100. 另外,可以通过将缺陷管理信息记录在多个区域中来增加信息的可靠性。 Further, the plurality of regions may be recorded to increase the reliability of information by the defect management information.

在本发明的实施例中,记录在临时缺陷信息区域#0到#i-1中的缺陷信息被累积地记录在临时缺陷信息区域#i中。 In an embodiment of the present invention, the recording area in the temporary defect information # 0 # i-1 to the defect information is accumulatively recorded in the temporary defect information area #i. 因此,在盘的最后完成期间,从最终记录的临时缺陷信息#i来读取缺陷信息,并且再次将读取的信息记录在DMA中就足够了。 Thus, during the finalization of the disc, to read the defect information from the last recorded temporary defect information #i, and information is read again recorded in the DMA is sufficient.

对于具有几十GB的记录容量的高密度盘,通常期望将簇分配到在其中记录临时缺陷管理信息#i的区域,并且将四个到八个簇分配到在其中记录临时缺陷信息#i的区域。 For high-density disc with a recording capacity of several tens GB, it is generally desirable to assign clusters in which the recording temporary defect management information #i region, and four to eight clusters assigned to record therein the temporary defect information #i region. 这是因为尽管临时缺陷信息#i的量是仅仅几KB,但是通常最好当记录的最小物理单位是簇时,以簇为单位记录新数据以更新信息。 This is because although the amount of temporary defect information #i is only a few KB, but is usually best when recording the smallest physical units is cluster to cluster units record the new data to update the information. 在盘100中允许的缺陷的总量最好大约是盘记录容量的5%。 The total amount of allowable defects in the disc 100 is preferably about 5% of the disc recording capacity. 例如,考虑到关于缺陷的信息大约是8字节长并且簇的大小是64KB长,需要四个到八个簇来记录临时缺陷信息#i。 For example, taking into account the information on the defect is about 8 bytes long and the cluster size is 64KB, and require four to eight clusters is recorded temporary defect information #i.

根据本发明的一方面,可以对临时缺陷信息#i和临时缺陷管理信息#i执行写后校验方法。 According to an aspect of the present invention, the information #i write verification method may manage the temporary defect information #i and temporary defect. 当检测到缺陷时,可以使用线性替换方法将记录在包含缺陷的盘100的缺陷区域中的信息记录在备用区域中,或者可以使用滑移替换方法将其记录在与缺陷区域相邻的区域中。 When a defect is detected using the linear replacement method can record information recorded in the defective region including defects of the disc 100 in the spare area, or may be a method using the slipping replacement is recorded in the area adjacent to the defect region .

图4A到4D示出根据本发明实施例的临时缺陷管理区域(TDMA)的数据结构。 4A to 4D shows a data structure of a temporary defect management area (TDMA) embodiment embodiment of the present invention. 参考图4A,临时缺陷管理区域被逻辑地分割成两个部分:临时缺陷信息区域、和临时缺陷管理信息区域。 4A, a temporary defect management area is logically divided into two parts: a temporary defect information area and temporary defect management information area. 从临时缺陷信息区域的起始到其结束,临时缺陷信息TDFL#0、TDFL#1、TDFL#2被顺序地记录在临时缺陷信息区域中。 Temporary defect information area from the start to the end thereof, the temporary defect information TDFL # 0, TDFL # 1, TDFL # 2 are sequentially recorded in the temporary defect information area. 从临时缺陷管理信息区域的起始到其结束,临时缺陷管理信息TDDS#0、TDDS#1、TDDS#2被顺序地记录。 From the management information area of ​​the temporary defect start to the end thereof, temporary defect management information TDDS # 0, TDDS # 1, TDDS # 2 are sequentially recorded. 临时缺陷管理信息TDDS#0、TDDS#1、和TDDS#2分别相应于临时缺陷信息TDFL#0、TDFL#1、TDFL#2。 Temporary defect management information TDDS # 0, TDDS # 1, and TDDS # 2 correspond to the temporary defect information TDFL # 0, TDFL # 1, TDFL # 2.

参考图4B,如图4A所示,临时缺陷管理区域被逻辑地分割成两个部分:临时缺陷信息区域和临时缺陷管理信息区域。 Referring to Figure 4B, 4A, the temporary defect management area is logically divided into two parts: a temporary defect information area and temporary defect management information area. 然而,将信息记录在临时缺陷信息区域和临时缺陷管理信息区域中的顺序与将信息记录在图4A的临时缺陷信息区域和临时缺陷管理信息区域中的顺序不同。 However, the order information recording area management information in the temporary defect information area and the temporary defect information recorded in the temporary defect information area of ​​FIG. 4A and temporary defect management information area in a different order. 详细地讲,从临时缺陷信息区域的结束到其起始,临时缺陷信息TDFL#0、TDFL#1、TDFL#2被顺序地记录。 In detail, from the end of the temporary defect information area to its initial, temporary defect information TDFL # 0, TDFL # 1, TDFL # 2 are sequentially recorded. 从临时缺陷管理信息区域的结束到其起始,临时缺陷管理信息TDDS#0、TDDS#1、TDDS#2被顺序地记录。 Management information area from the end of the temporary defect to its initial, temporary defect management information TDDS # 0, TDDS # 1, TDDS # 2 are sequentially recorded. 临时缺陷管理信息TDDS#0、TDDS#1、和TDDS#2分别相应于临时缺陷信息TDFL#0、TDFL#1、和TDFL#2。 Temporary defect management information TDDS # 0, TDDS # 1, and TDDS # 2 correspond to the temporary defect information TDFL # 0, TDFL # 1, and TDFL # 2.

参考图4C,相应的临时缺陷信息和临时缺陷管理信息是在记录在临时缺陷管理区域(DMA)中的相应的临时管理信息中的一对信息。 Referring to Figure 4C, corresponding temporary defect information and temporary defect management information in a corresponding temporary management information in the temporary defect management area (DMA) of a pair of information recording. 即,从临时缺陷管理区域的起始开始到其结束点,临时管理信息TDMA#0、TDMA#1、TDMA#2被顺序地记录。 That is, starting from the beginning of the temporary defect management area to its end point, the temporary management information TDMA # 0, TDMA # 1, TDMA # 2 are sequentially recorded. 临时管理信息TDMA#0包含相应的一对临时缺陷管理信息TDDS#0和临时缺陷信息TDFL#0。 Temporary management information TDMA # 0 contains a pair of corresponding temporary defect management information TDDS # 0 and temporary defect information TDFL # 0. 临时管理信息TDMA#1包含相应的一对临时缺陷管理信息TDDS#1和临时缺陷信息TDFL#1。 Temporary management information TDMA # 1 contains a pair of corresponding temporary defect management information TDDS # 1 and temporary defect information TDFL # 1. 临时管理信息TDMA#2包含相应的一对临时缺陷管理信息TDDS#2和临时缺陷信息TDFL#2。 Temporary management information TDMA # 2 comprises a corresponding pair of the temporary defect management information TDDS # 2 and the temporary defect information TDFL # 2.

参考图4D,与图4C的临时缺陷管理区域相比,相应的临时缺陷信息和临时缺陷管理信息是在记录在临时缺陷管理区域中的相应的临时管理信息中的一对信息,但是记录信息的顺序不同。 Referring to Figure 4D, compared to the temporary defect management area of ​​FIG. 4C, corresponding temporary defect information and temporary defect management information in a corresponding temporary management information in the temporary defect management area in a recording information, the recording information a different order. 即,从临时缺陷管理区域的结束到其起始,顺序地记录临时管理信息TDMA#0、TDMA#1、TDMA#2。 That is, from the end of the temporary defect management area to its original, sequentially recorded temporary management information TDMA # 0, TDMA # 1, TDMA # 2. 临时管理信息TDMA#0、TDMA#1、TDMA#2分别包含一对相应的临时缺陷管理信息TDDS#0和临时缺陷信息TDFL#0、一对相应的临时缺陷管理信息TDDS#1和临时缺陷信息TDFL#1、和一对相应的临时缺陷管理信息TDDS#2和临时缺陷信息TDFL#2。 Temporary management information TDMA # 0, TDMA # 1, TDMA # 2 each include a pair of corresponding temporary defect management information TDDS # 0 and temporary defect information TDFL # 0, a pair of corresponding temporary defect management information TDDS # 1 and temporary defect information TDFL # 1, and a pair of corresponding temporary defect management information TDDS # 2 and the temporary defect information TDFL # 2.

图5示出根据本发明实施例的将数据记录在用户数据区域A和备用区域B中。 FIG 5 illustrates an embodiment of the data recording according to the present invention, the user data area A and the spare area B, respectively. 可以以扇区或簇为单位来处理数据。 It may be a sector or cluster units to process data. 扇区表示可以在计算机的文件系统中或应用程序中管理的数据的最小单位。 The smallest unit of a sector or an application may be managed in the file system of the computer data. 簇表示可以一次物理地记录在盘上的数据的最小单位。 Cluster represents a minimum unit of data is physically recorded on the disc. 通常,一个或多个扇区组成一个簇。 Typically, one or more sectors constitute a cluster.

有两种类型的扇区:物理扇区和逻辑扇区。 There are two types of sectors: a physical sector and a logical sector. 物理扇区是一扇区的数据将被记录在其上的盘上的区域。 Physical sector is a data area on the disc to be recorded thereon a sector. 用于检测物理扇区的地址被称作物理扇区号(PSN)。 Address for detecting the physical sector is called a physical sector number (PSN). 逻辑扇区是以其可以在文件系统或应用程序中管理数据的单位。 Logical sector is a unit in its data can be managed in a file system or application program. 用于检测逻辑扇区的地址被称作逻辑扇区号(LSN)。 Address for detecting the logical sector is called a logical sector number (LSN). 如图1所示的盘记录/再现设备使用PSN来检测数据的记录位置,并且当将数据记录在盘100上时,以LSN为单位在计算机或应用程序中管理全部数据,并且使用LSN来检测数据的位置。 As shown in FIG. 1 disc recording / reproducing apparatus using the PSN to detect the data recording position, and when the data is recorded on the disc 100 to manage all of the data units of the LSN in a computer or an application, and detected using the LSN location data. 基于是否盘100包含缺陷和记录数据的初始位置,由记录/再现设备的控制器2改变LSN和PSN之间的关系。 Based on the initial position of whether the disc 100 contains a defect and data recorded by the recording / reproducing apparatus of the controller 2 changes the relationship between the LSN and PSN.

参考图5,A表示用户数据区域,B表示在其中PSN以升序分配到多个扇区(没有示出)的备用区域。 Referring to FIG 5, A denotes a user data area, B represents the PSN in which a plurality of sectors allocated in ascending order (not shown) of the spare area. 通常,每个LSN相应于至少一个PSN。 In general, each LSN corresponds to at least one PSN. 然而,由于LSN以升序分配到非缺陷扇区,所以即使物理扇区的大小与逻辑扇区的大小相同,当盘100具有缺陷区域时,PSN和LSN之间的对应也没有被保持。 However, since the LSN assigned in ascending order to the non-defective sector, physical sector even if the same size as the logical sector size, when the disc 100 has a defect area, the correspondence between the LSN and the PSN is not maintained.

在数据区域A中,区段(section)1001到1007表示在其中执行写后校验方法的数据的预定单位。 In the data area A, sections (section) 1001 to 1007 units which represents a predetermined data after write verification method. 记录设备将用户数据记录在区段1001中,返回到区段1001的起始,并且检查用户数据是否被正确地记录或缺陷是否存在于区段1001中。 The recording apparatus records user data in section 1001, returns to the start of section 1001, and checks whether the user data is properly recorded or a defect exists in section 1001. 如果在区段1001的一部分中检测到缺陷,则该部分被指定为缺陷#1。 If a defect is detected in a portion of section 1001, the portion is designated as defect # 1. 记录在缺陷#1中的用户数据还被记录在备用区域B的一部分上。 User data is recorded in defect # 1 is also recorded on a portion of the spare area B, respectively. 于此,在其中重写记录在缺陷#1的数据的备用区域B的一部分被称作替换#1。 Thereto, wherein a portion of the overwrite recording is referred to as a defect spare area # 1 B replace the data # 1.

接下来,记录设备将用户数据记录在区段1002中,返回到区段1002的起始,并且检查数据是否被正确地记录或缺陷是否存在于区段1002中。 Next, the recording apparatus records user data in section 1002, returns to the start of section 1002, and checks whether the data is properly recorded or a defect exists in section 1002. 如果在区段1002的一部分中检测到缺陷,则该部分被指定为缺陷#2。 If a defect is detected in a portion of section 1002, the portion is designated as defect # 2. 另外,与缺陷#2相应的替换#2形成于备用区域B中。 Further, defect # 2 corresponding replacement # 2 is formed in the spare area B, respectively. 此外,在用户数据区域A的区段1003和备用区域B中分别指定缺陷#3和替换#3。 Further, in a section 1003 of the user data area A and a spare area B, respectively, specify the defect # 3 and replacement # 3. 在区段1004中,没有产生缺陷,并且没有指定缺陷区域。 In section 1004, a defect is not generated, and the defective area is not designated.

在将数据记录到区段1004并且校验区段1004的数据以后,即,当用户按下记录设备的弹出按钮或完成在记录操作中分配的用户数据的记录时,当记录操作#0被期待结束时,记录设备将关于在区段1001到1003中产生的缺陷#1、#2和#3的信息作为临时缺陷信息TDFL#0记录在临时缺陷管理区域中。 In recording data segments 1004 and 1004 after the data check section, i.e., when the user presses the eject button of a recording apparatus or the recording is completed allocated in the user data recording operation, when the recording operation # 0 is expected at the end, the recording apparatus regarding the defect generated in the section 1001 through 1003 # 1, # 2 and # 3 information information TDFL # 0 is recorded as temporary defect management area in the temporary defect. 另外,用于管理临时缺陷信息TDFL#0的缺陷管理信息作为临时缺陷管理信息TDDS#0被记录在临时缺陷管理区域中。 Further, for managing the temporary defect information TDFL # 0 in the defect management information as temporary defect management information TDDS # 0 is recorded in the temporary defect management area.

当记录操作#1开始时,如关于区段1001到1004解释,数据记录在区段1005到1007中,并且缺陷#4和#5以及替换#4和#5分别形成于用户数据区域A和临时缺陷管理区域中的备用区域B中。 When recording operation # 1 starts, as explained on sections 1001 to 1004, the data recorded in the zone 1005 to 1007, and the defect # 4 and # 5 and # 4 and # 5 alternatively formed in the user data area A and the interim B spare area in the defect management area. 如果第二记录操作被期待结束,则记录设备记录关于缺陷#4和#5的信息作为临时缺陷信息TDFL#1,并且再次记录包含在临时缺陷信息TDFL#0中的信息。 If the second recording operation is expected to end, the recording apparatus records information regarding defects # 4 and # 5 as temporary defect information TDFL # 1, and again records the information contained in the temporary defect information TDFL # 0 in. 其后,用于管理临时缺陷信息TDFL#1的缺陷管理信息被记录在临时缺陷管理区域中。 Thereafter, for managing the temporary defect information TDFL # 1 is the defect management information recorded in the temporary defect management area.

图6A和6B示出根据本发明实施例的临时缺陷信息TDFL#0和TDFL#1的数据结构。 Figures 6A and 6B show the temporary defect information TDFL # 0 and embodiments of the present invention, a data structure of TDFL # 1. 图7示出关于缺陷#i的信息的数据结构。 FIG 7 shows a data structure of information regarding defect #i.

参考图6A和6B,临时缺陷信息TDFL#0包含关于缺陷#1到#3的信息。 With reference to FIGS. 6A and 6B, the temporary defect information TDFL # 0 contains information regarding defects # 1 to # 3. 详细地讲,关于缺陷#1的信息指示在其中存在缺陷#1的区域的位置和在其中记录替换#1的区域的位置。 In detail, the information regarding defect # 1 indicates a position in which the defective area # 1 and a replacement location in which a recording area # 1. 关于缺陷#2的信息指示在其中存在缺陷#2的区域的位置和在其中记录替换#2的区域的位置。 Information regarding defect # 2 indicates a position at which the defect # 2, and a region where the replacement recording area # 2 position. 关于缺陷#3的信息指示在其中存在缺陷#3的区域的位置和在其中记录替换#3的区域的位置。 Information regarding defect # 3 indicates the position of the region where there is a defect # 3 and replacement # position in which the recording region 3.

除了包含在临时缺陷信息TDFL#0的信息以外,临时缺陷信息TDFL#1还包含关于缺陷#4和#5的信息。 In addition to the information included in the TDFL # 0 temporary defect information, the temporary defect information TDFL # 1 further contains information regarding defects # 4 and # 5. 即,临时缺陷信息TDFL#1包括:关于缺陷#1的信息、关于缺陷#2的信息、关于缺陷#3的信息、关于缺陷#4的信息、和关于缺陷#5的信息。 That is, the TDFL temporary defect information # 1 includes: defect information regarding # 1, information on the defect # 2, information regarding the defect # 3, the defect information # 4, and on information regarding the defect # 5.

参考图7,关于缺陷#i的信息描述指向缺陷#i的指针和指向替换#i的指针。 Referring to FIG 7, the information regarding defect #i points to describe the defect #i and a pointer to a pointer to the replacement #i. 详细地讲,用于缺陷#i的指针指定缺陷#i的起始和结束点,并且用于替换#i的指针指定替换#i的起始和结束点。 In detail, the pointer for defect #i defect #i specifies the start and end points, and for the replacement #i specifies a pointer to the replacement #i start and end points.

以下,将参考图8来描述根据本发明实施例的缺陷管理方法。 Hereinafter, the embodiment 8 will be described according to embodiments of the present invention, a defect management method with reference to FIG. 参考图8,在操作801中,记录设备将关于根据第一记录操作记录的数据的缺陷信息作为第一临时缺陷信息记录在盘的临时缺陷管理区域中。 Referring to FIG 8, in operation 801, a recording apparatus according to the defect information regarding the first data recording operation, as the first temporary defect information in a temporary defect management area of ​​the disc. 这个过程用于管理盘缺陷。 The process for managing disc defects. 在操作802中,将用于管理第一临时缺陷信息的管理信息作为第一临时缺陷管理信息记录在临时缺陷管理区域中。 In operation 802, for managing the first temporary defect management information as first temporary defect management information recorded in the temporary defect management area.

在操作803中,检查盘是否需要被最后完成。 In operation 803, it is checked whether the disc needs to be finalized. 在操作804中,如果在操作803中确定盘不需要被最后完成,则操作801和802被重复,同时将分给记录操作、临时缺陷信息、和临时缺陷管理信息的索引增加1。 In operation 804, if it is determined at operation 803 is not required to finalize the disc, the operation 801 and 802 are repeated while the recording operation is given to the temporary defect information and temporary defect management information in the index is increased by one. 然而,应该理解,其它数字可以用于该数字用于区分记录的数据集的范围的索引。 However, it should be understood that other numbers can be used for the index range of the digital data set to distinguish records.

在操作805中,如果在操作803中确定盘需要被最后完成,则最终记录的临时缺陷管理信息和最终记录的临时缺陷信息被记录在缺陷管理区域中。 In operation 805, if the temporary defect at operation 803 determines that the disc needs to be finalized and the final recording management information and the last recorded temporary defect information is recorded in the defect management area. 即,最终记录的临时缺陷管理信息和最终记录的临时缺陷信息作为最终的临时缺陷管理信息和临时缺陷信息被记录在缺陷管理区域(DMA)中。 That is, the last recorded temporary defect management information and temporary defect information last recorded as the final temporary defect management information and temporary defect information is recorded in the defect management area (DMA) in. 根据本发明的一方面,最终的临时缺陷管理信息和临时缺陷信息可以被重复记录,从而提高数据检测的可靠性。 According to an aspect of the present invention, the final temporary defect management information and temporary defect information may be repeatedly recorded to improve reliability of data detection.

根据本发明的一方面,可以对最终临时缺陷管理信息和最终临时缺陷信息执行写后校验方法。 According to an aspect of the present invention, the final temporary defect management information and the final temporary defect information write check method. 如果从最终临时缺陷管理信息和最终临时缺陷信息检测到缺陷,则在其中产生缺陷的盘的区域和记录在该具有缺陷的区域之后的数据可被认为是不可用的(即,最终临时缺陷管理信息和最终临时缺陷信息的区域被指定为缺陷区域),并且最终临时缺陷管理信息和最终临时缺陷信息可以被再次记录在该缺陷区域之后。 If the management information from the last temporary defect and final temporary defect information detected by the defect, in which a defect area and the recording disk after the data area of ​​the having a defect may be considered unavailable (i.e., final temporary defect management and the final temporary defect information area information is designated as a defective area), and the final temporary defect management information and the final temporary defect information may be again recorded after the defective area.

图9是示出根据本发明另一个实施例的盘缺陷管理方法的流程图。 FIG 9 is a flowchart illustrating a disc defect management method according to another embodiment of the present invention. 参考图9,记录设备以数据的单位将用户数据记录在数据区域中以便于写后校验方法(操作901)。 Referring to FIG 9, the data recording device in units of the user data recorded in the data area so as to verify-after-write method (operation 901). 在操作902中,在操作901中记录的用户数据被校验以检测在盘100的任何区域中的缺陷的存在。 In operation 902, the user data recorded in operation 901 is verified to detect any area of ​​the disc 100 in the presence of a defect. 在操作903中,图1的控制器2指定具有缺陷的区域为缺陷区域,将记录在缺陷区域中的用户数据重写在备用区域中以创建替换区域,并且创建分别指向缺陷区域和替换区域的指针信息。 In operation 903, the controller of FIG. 1 having a defect 2 area designated as a defect area, the user data recorded in the defect area is rewritten in the spare area to create a replacement area, and creates a point to the defective area and the replacement area pointer information. 在操作904中,指针信息作为第一临时缺陷信息被存储在图1的存储器3中。 In operation 904, the pointer information as first temporary defect information stored in the memory 3 of FIG. 1. 在操作905中,检查记录操作是否被期待结束。 In operation 905, it is checked whether the recording operation is expected to end. 如果在操作905中确定记录操作不期待结束,则操作901到904被重复。 If it is determined in operation, the recording operation is not expected end 905, the operation 901-904 are repeated.

然而,在操作906中,如果在操作905中确定记录操作期待结束(即,当通过用户输入或根据记录操作来完成用户数据的记录时),则控制器2从存储器3读取临时缺陷信息#0,并且将临时缺陷信息#0作为临时缺陷信息TDFL#0记录在临时缺陷管理区域中。 However, in operation 906, in operation 905 it is determined if the recording operation is expected end (i.e., when performing the recording or user data recording operation by user input), the controller 2 reads temporary defect information from the memory # 3 0, and the temporary defect information as temporary defect information # 0 # 0 the TDFL recorded in the temporary defect management area. 在操作907中,用于管理临时缺陷信息TDFL#0的管理信息作为临时缺陷管理信息TDDS#0记录在临时缺陷管理区域中。 In operation 907, for managing the temporary defect information TDFL # 0 as the management information temporary defect management information TDDS # 0 recorded in the temporary defect management area.

在操作908中,检查盘100是否需要被最后完成。 In operation 908, it is checked whether the disc 100 needs to be finalized. 如果在操作908中确定盘100不需要被最后完成,则操作901到907被重复同时将分给记录操作、临时缺陷信息、和临时缺陷管理信息的索引增加1。 If in operation 908 it is determined the disc 100 need not be finally completed, the operation 901-907 are repeated simultaneously given to the recording operation, temporary defect index information, and temporary defect management information is increased by one. 然而,应该理解,其它数字可以用于该数字用于区分记录的数据集的范围的索引。 However, it should be understood that other numbers can be used for the index range of the digital data set to distinguish records.

在操作910中,如果在操作908中确定需要盘100的最后完成,则最终记录的临时缺陷信息TDFL#i和最终记录的临时缺陷管理信息TDDS#i作为缺陷信息DFL和缺陷管理信息DDS被记录在缺陷管理区域(DMA)中。 Temporary defect In operation 910, if it is determined to finalize the required disc 100. In operation 908, the last recorded temporary defect information TDFL # i and the final recording management information TDDS # i as the defect information DFL and defect management information DDS is recorded in the defect management area (DMA) in. 根据本发明的一方面,缺陷信息DFL和缺陷管理信息DDS可以被重复记录几次以提高数据检测的可靠性。 According to an aspect of the present invention, defect information DFL and defect management information DDS may be repeated several times to increase reliability of the detection data record.

此外,根据本发明的一方面,可以对缺陷信息DFL和缺陷管理信息DDS执行写后校验方法。 Further, according to an aspect of the present invention, the DDS information written verification method may perform the defect management information DFL and defect. 如果从这些DFL和DDS检测到缺陷,则具有缺陷和记录在具有缺陷的区域之后的数据的区域可被认为不可用(即,包括DFL和DDS的区域被指定为缺陷区域),并且缺陷管理信息和缺陷信息可以被再次记录在缺陷区域之后。 If a defect is detected from those DFL and DDS, it has defects and recorded in the area following the area having the defect data may be considered unavailable (i.e., a region including DFL and DDS is designated as a defective area), and the defect management information and defect information may be again recorded after the defective area.

上述缺陷管理方法可以被实现为可以由计算机运行的计算机程序。 The above-described defect management methods may be implemented as a computer program run by a computer. 本领域的技术人员可以容易地推出组成计算机程序的代码和代码段。 Those skilled in the art can readily Release Codes and code segments of the computer program. 程序被存储在计算机可读介质中。 Program is stored in a computer-readable medium. 当由计算机读取和运行程序时,由计算机执行根据本发明的缺陷管理方法。 When a program is read and run by a computer, perform the defect management method according to the invention by a computer. 于此,计算机可读介质可以是磁记录介质、光记录介质、载波介质固件、或其它可记录介质。 Thereto, the computer readable medium may be a magnetic recording medium, an optical recording medium, a carrier wave medium firmware or other recordable medium.

尽管不是在所有方面必需,但应该理解控制器2可以是使用在计算机可读介质上编码的计算机程序来实现该方法的计算机。 While not required in all aspects, it is to be understood that the controller 2 may be encoded in a computer readable medium a computer program implementing the method. 计算机可以被实现为具有固件的芯片,或者可以是一般或特殊目的可编程以执行该方法的通用或专用计算机。 The computer may be implemented as a chip having firmware, or can be a general or special purpose programmable general purpose or special purpose computer to perform the method.

此外,应该理解,为了实现几十十亿字节的记录容量,记录和/或再现单元1可以包括可用于在盘100上记录几十十亿字节的数据的低波长高数值孔径类型单元。 Further, it should be understood that, in order to achieve a recording capacity of several tens of gigabytes, the recording and / or reproducing unit 1 may include a low wavelength used for recording a high numerical aperture type unit of several tens of gigabytes of data on the disc 100. 这些单元的例子包括,但不限于:那些使用405nm的光波长并具有0.85的数值孔径的单元、那些与蓝光盘兼容的单元、和/或那些与先进光盘(AOD)兼容的单元。 Examples of such units include, but are not limited to: those using light wavelength of 405nm and having a numerical aperture of 0.85 units, those units compatible with Blu-ray discs, and / or those that are compatible with the advanced optical disc (the AOD) unit.

产业上的可利用性如上所述,本发明提供可应用到盘的盘缺陷管理。 INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY As described above, the present invention provides is applicable to disc defect management of the disc. 根据本发明的一方面,临时缺陷信息区域存在于引入区域和/或引出区域中,从而可以累积地记录缺陷信息。 According to an aspect of the present invention, the temporary defect information area is present in the lead-in area and / or lead-out area, so that defect information can be accumulatively recorded. 另外,在盘的最后完成期间,仅仅最终记录的临时缺陷信息从临时缺陷管理区域被读取,并且被记录在缺陷管理区域中,从而实现缺陷管理区域的有效使用。 Also, during finalization of the disc, only last recorded temporary defect information is read from the temporary defect management area, and is recorded in the defect management area, thereby achieving efficient use of the defect management area. 因此,可能在将数据记录在一次写入盘上的同时执行缺陷管理,从而可以更加稳定地无中断执行备份操作。 Therefore, it may defect management is performed while the data is recorded in a write-once disc, which can be more stable non-disruptive backup operations.

尽管根据一次写入盘来描述,但应该理解对于可重写的介质或者当介质具有一次写入和可重写的部分时,该方法也可以使用。 Although, according to the write-once disk is described, it is to be understood that for rewritable medium or when the medium has write-once and rewritable portions, the method may also be used.

尽管已经示出和描述了本发明的一些实施例,但本领域技术人员应该理解在不脱离本发明的原理和精神的情况下,可以在实施例中作出改变,本发明的范围由权利要求及其等同物限定。 While there have been shown and described several embodiments of the present invention, those skilled in the art will appreciate that changes may be made in the embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention, the scope of the invention being indicated by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (37)

1.一种管理盘中的盘缺陷的方法,该盘包括数据区域和在引入和引出区域中的一个中的临时缺陷管理区域,该方法包括:将临时缺陷信息记录在临时缺陷管理区域中,该临时缺陷信息包括关于根据记录操作记录在数据区域中的数据的缺陷信息;和将临时缺陷管理信息记录在临时缺陷管理区域中,该临时缺陷管理信息包括用于管理临时缺陷信息的管理信息。 1. A method of managing disc defects in a disc, the disc comprising a data area and a lead-out in the introduction and temporary defect management area in a region, the method comprising: recording temporary defect information in the temporary defect management area, the temporary defect information comprising defect information regarding the data in the data area according to recording operation; and a temporary defect management information recorded in the temporary defect management area, the temporary defect management information comprising management information for managing the temporary defect information.
2.如权利要求1所述的方法,还包括:对在多个记录操作期间记录的每个单位的数据,重复记录临时缺陷信息和临时缺陷管理信息;和将最终记录的临时缺陷管理信息和最终的临时缺陷信息记录在存在于引入区域和引出区域的至少一个中的缺陷管理区域中。 And a last recorded temporary defect management information; each unit of data recorded during operation of a plurality of recorded repeatedly recorded temporary defect information and temporary defect management information: 2. The method according to claim 1, further comprising the final temporary defect information recorded in the defect management area is present in at least a lead-in area and the lead-in region.
3.如权利要求1所述的方法,其中,在盘的最后完成期间,执行最终记录的临时缺陷管理信息的记录。 The method according to claim 1, wherein, during finalization of the disc, the last recorded temporary defect management record execution information.
4.如权利要求1所述的方法,其中,记录临时缺陷信息包括将指示数据区域的缺陷区域的位置的缺陷位置信息记录在临时缺陷信息中。 4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the recording the temporary defect information includes defect position information indicating a position of the defective area of ​​the data area recorded in the temporary defect information.
5.如权利要求3所述的方法,其中,记录临时缺陷信息还包括将指示包括还被记录在缺陷区域中的数据的一部分以作为缺陷区域的替代的替换区域的位置的替换位置信息记录在临时缺陷信息中。 5. The method according to claim 3, wherein the recording the temporary defect information further comprises recording portion further comprises an indication of a defect in the data area to replace the position information of the replacement area instead of the defect area is recorded in the temporary defect information.
6.如权利要求1所述的方法,其中:临时缺陷信息包括多单位的临时缺陷信息,临时缺陷管理区域还包括临时缺陷信息区域,并且记录临时缺陷信息还包括从临时缺陷信息区域的起始开始顺序地将这些单位的临时缺陷信息记录在临时缺陷信息区域中。 6. The method according to claim 1, wherein: the temporary defect information comprises multiple units of temporary defect information and temporary defect management area further comprises a temporary defect information area, and the recording the temporary defect information further comprising the temporary defect information area starting from the sequentially starting the temporary defect information is recorded in units of these temporary defect information area.
7.如权利要求1所述的方法,其中:临时缺陷管理信息包括多单位的临时缺陷管理信息,临时缺陷管理区域还包括临时缺陷管理信息区域,并且记录临时缺陷管理信息包括从临时缺陷管理信息区域的结束开始顺序地将这些单位的临时缺陷管理信息记录在临时缺陷管理信息区域中。 7. The method according to claim 1, wherein: the temporary defect management information comprises multiple units of temporary defect management information, the temporary defect management area further comprises a temporary defect management information area, and the recording the temporary defect management information from the temporary defect management information including sequentially starting end region of the temporary defect management information units recorded in the temporary defect management information area.
8.如权利要求1所述的方法,其中:临时缺陷信息包括多单位的临时缺陷信息,临时缺陷管理区域还包括临时缺陷信息区域和临时缺陷管理信息区域,临时缺陷管理信息包括多单位的临时缺陷管理信息,并且记录临时缺陷信息和记录临时缺陷管理信息包括从临时缺陷管理区域的起始开始顺序地将相应单位的临时缺陷信息和临时缺陷管理信息作为一对信息记录在相应单位的临时管理信息中。 8. The method according to claim 1, wherein: the temporary defect information comprises multiple units of temporary defect information and temporary defect management area further comprises a temporary defect information area and temporary defect management information area, temporary defect management information comprises multiple units of temporary defect management information, and the recording the temporary defect information and temporary defect management information includes recording the temporary management information from the management starting sequentially from the temporary defect management area corresponding to the unit of the temporary defect information and temporary defect information is recorded as a pair in the corresponding unit information.
9.如权利要求1所述的方法,其中:临时缺陷信息包括多单位的临时缺陷信息,临时缺陷管理区域还包括临时缺陷信息区域和临时缺陷管理信息区域,临时缺陷管理信息包括多单位的临时缺陷管理信息,并且记录临时缺陷信息和记录临时缺陷管理信息包括从临时缺陷管理区域的结束开始顺序地将相应的临时缺陷信息和临时缺陷管理信息作为一对信息记录。 9. The method according to claim 1, wherein: the temporary defect information comprises multiple units of temporary defect information and temporary defect management area further comprises a temporary defect information area and temporary defect management information area, temporary defect management information comprises multiple units of temporary defect management information, and the recording the temporary defect information and temporary defect management information from the management information comprises sequentially from the end of the temporary defect management area corresponding temporary defect information and temporary defect information is recorded as a pair.
10.如权利要求1所述的方法,其中,记录临时缺陷信息还包括:以预定的数据单位来记录数据;校验记录的数据以检测在其中存在缺陷的盘的缺陷区域;如果检测到缺陷区域,则将第一临时缺陷信息记录在存储器中,该第一临时缺陷信息包括指向缺陷区域的位置的信息和指向包含记录在缺陷区域中单位的数据以作为缺陷区域的替代区域的替换区域的信息;将通过在存储器中存储来记录数据重复至少一次;和读取存储在存储器中的至少第一临时缺陷信息,并且将读取的信息作为第一临时缺陷信息记录在临时缺陷管理区域中。 10. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the recording the temporary defect information further comprises: recording predetermined data unit of data; parity data to detect a defective area of ​​the recording disc in which a defect exists; if a defect is detected region, then the first temporary defect information recorded in the memory, the first temporary defect information comprises a defect position pointing region information recorded in the defect data points contained in a unit area as a replacement area to replace a defective area of ​​the region information; the recorded data is repeated at least once by storing in a memory; read the stored information and at least a first temporary defect information in a memory, and the read information is recorded as first temporary defect in the temporary defect management area.
11.一种分配针对记录和/或再现设备可使用的盘的区域的方法,该方法包括:分配数据区域,在其中记录用户数据;和分配引入区域和引出区域中的至少一个,所述引入区域和引出区域中的至少一个与数据区域相邻,并且包括临时缺陷管理区域,该临时缺陷管理区域包括关于记录在数据区域中的用户数据的临时缺陷信息和临时缺陷管理信息,并且由记录和/或再现设备可访问以对盘执行缺陷管理。 11. A method of allocation for recording and / or reproducing apparatus can use the disk area, the method comprising: allocating a data area in which user data is recorded; and a lead-in area and the lead-out area allocated in at least one of the introducing area and the lead-out area adjacent to at least one of the data area, and includes a temporary defect management area, the temporary defect management area includes temporary defect information and temporary defect management information regarding the user data recorded in the data area, and the recording and / or reproducing apparatus may be accessed to perform disc defect management.
12.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中:数据区域还包括在除了在其期间用户数据被记录在数据区域中的记录操作以外的另外的记录操作中记录在数据区域中的另外的用户数据,并且临时缺陷管理区域还包括记录在临时缺陷管理区域中并且与在另外的记录操作中记录的另外的用户数据相应的另外的临时缺陷信息和另外的临时缺陷管理信息。 12. The method of claim 11, wherein: the data area further comprises additional user data recorded in the data area of ​​the recording operation in addition to the additional recording operation during which user data is recorded in the data area of , and the temporary defect management area further comprises recording in the temporary defect management area and corresponding to the additional user data recorded in another recording operation, additional temporary defect information and additional temporary defect management information.
13.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中,临时缺陷信息还包括指示在其中记录相应单位的用户数据的数据区域的缺陷区域的位置的信息。 13. The method of claim 11, wherein the temporary defect information further includes information indicating a position of the defective area of ​​the data recording area in which the respective units of the user data.
14.如权利要求13所述的方法,还包括:分配在其中记录该单位的用户数据以作为缺陷区域的替代区域的替换区域,其中,临时缺陷信息包含指示替换区域的位置的信息。 14. The method according to claim 13, further comprising: a distribution in which the user data recording area as a replacement unit to replace a defective area of ​​the area, wherein the temporary defect information includes information indicating the position of the replacement area.
15.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中,临时缺陷管理区域包括临时缺陷信息区域,并且临时缺陷信息被记录在临时缺陷信息区域中。 15. The method as claimed in claim 11, wherein the temporary defect management area comprises a temporary defect information area and temporary defect information is recorded in the temporary defect information area.
16.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中,临时缺陷管理区域包括临时缺陷管理信息区域,并且临时缺陷管理信息被记录在临时缺陷管理信息区域中。 16. The method as claimed in claim 11, wherein the temporary defect management area comprises a temporary defect management information area and the temporary defect management information is recorded in the temporary defect management information area.
17.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中,相应的临时缺陷信息和临时缺陷管理信息作为一对信息被记录在临时缺陷管理区域中。 17. The method as claimed in claim 11, wherein the corresponding temporary defect information and temporary defect management information is recorded as a pair of information in the temporary defect management area.
18.如权利要求11所述的方法,还包括:分配存在于引入区域和引出区域的至少一个中的缺陷管理区域,其中,在盘的最后完成期间,最终记录在临时缺陷管理区域中的最终的临时缺陷信息和最终的临时缺陷管理信息作为最终的缺陷信息和缺陷管理信息被记录在缺陷管理区域中。 Present in the final distribution and at least a lead-in area in a defect management area of ​​the lead-out area, wherein, during disc finalization, finally recorded in the temporary defect management area: 18. The method of claim 11, further comprising the final temporary defect information and temporary defect management information as the final defect information and defect management information is recorded in the defect management area.
19.如权利要求15所述的方法,其中,除了临时缺陷信息区域以外,临时缺陷管理区域还包括临时缺陷管理信息区域,并且临时缺陷管理信息被记录在临时缺陷管理信息区域中。 19. The method of claim 15, wherein, in addition to the temporary defect information area, temporary defect management area further comprises a temporary defect management information area and the temporary defect management information is recorded in the temporary defect management information area.
20.如权利要求17所述的方法,其中,相应的临时缺陷信息和临时缺陷管理信息作为临时管理信息被记录在临时缺陷管理区域中的相邻单元中。 20. The method according to claim 17, wherein the corresponding temporary defect information and temporary defect management information as an adjacent cell of the temporary management information is recorded in the temporary defect management area in the.
21.如权利要求20所述的方法,其中:另外的用户数据被记录在数据区域中,与另外的用户数据相应的另外的临时缺陷信息和另外的临时缺陷管理信息作为另外的临时管理信息被记录在临时缺陷管理区域的第二区域中的相邻单元中,并且临时管理信息被记录在除第二区域以外的临时缺陷管理区域的第一区域中。 21. The method according to claim 20, wherein: additional user data is recorded in the data area, corresponding to the additional user data additional temporary defect information and additional temporary defect management information as additional temporary management information is adjacent cells recorded in the second area of ​​the temporary defect management area in, and the temporary management information is recorded in a first area of ​​the temporary defect management area other than the second region.
22.一种分配针对记录和/或再现设备可使用的存储介质的区域的方法,该方法包括:分配数据区域,该数据区域包括用户数据;和分配除数据区域以外的管理区域,该管理区域包括临时缺陷管理区域,该临时缺陷管理区域包括关于记录在数据区域中的用户数据的临时缺陷信息,并且由记录和/或再现设备可访问以对盘执行缺陷管理,其中,存储介质是具有防止在数据被记录在存储介质的区域上以后新数据被写入存储介质的该区域的特性的一次写入存储介质。 22. A method for recording and / or reproducing area of ​​the storage media device may use the allocation, the method comprising: allocating a data area, the data area including a user data; and a management area other than the allocated data area, the management area includes a temporary defect management area, the temporary defect management area comprises a temporary defect information a user about data recorded in the data area, and the recording and / or reproducing apparatus can access to the disc defect management is performed, wherein the storage medium is preventing characteristics of the write-once storage medium in the region of the new data is written in the storage medium after the data is recorded on an area of ​​the storage medium.
23.如权利要求22所述的方法,其中,管理区域还包括除临时缺陷管理区域以外的并且包括由记录和/或再现设备可使用以对该存储介质执行缺陷管理的临时缺陷信息的缺陷管理区域。 23. The method according to claim 22, wherein, in addition to the management area further comprises a temporary defect management area and includes a recording and / or reproducing apparatus may use the defect in the temporary defect information storage medium performing defect management Management region.
24.如权利要求23所述的方法,其中:数据区域还包括另外的用户数据,与另外的用户数据相应的另外的临时缺陷信息作为另外的临时管理信息被记录在临时缺陷管理区域中,另外的临时缺陷信息还包括临时缺陷信息,并且缺陷管理区域包括另外的临时缺陷信息。 24. The method according to claim 23, wherein: the data area further comprises additional user data, corresponding to the additional user data additional temporary defect information is recorded in the temporary defect management area as additional temporary management information, additional temporary defect information further comprising the temporary defect information and the defect management area comprises the additional temporary defect information.
25.一种分配针对记录和/或再现设备可使用的存储介质的区域的方法,该方法包括:分配数据区域,该数据区域包括用户数据和记录在除在其中记录用户数据的区域以外的区域中的另外的用户数据;和分配除了数据区域以外的管理区域,该管理区域包括临时缺陷管理区域,该临时缺陷管理区域包括关于记录在数据区域中的用户数据的临时缺陷信息和记录在除在其中记录临时缺陷信息的区域以外的区域中的另外的临时缺陷信息,其中,另外的临时缺陷信息包括与另外的用户数据和用户数据相应的缺陷信息,并且由记录和/或再现设备可访问以对盘执行缺陷管理。 25. A method for recording and / or reproducing area of ​​the storage media device may use the allocation, the method comprising: allocating a data area, the data area comprising user data and recorded in the other recording area other than the area where the user data the additional user data; and a dispensing addition to the data area management area, the management area comprises a temporary defect management area, the temporary defect management area includes temporary defect information and recorded on the recording in the data area of ​​the user data in addition to the wherein the additional temporary defect information area other than the area of ​​the temporary defect information in the record, wherein the additional temporary defect information includes information corresponding to the additional user data and user data defect information, and the recording and / or reproducing apparatus may be accessed the disc defect management is performed.
26.如权利要求25所述的方法,其中,临时缺陷管理区域还包括:临时缺陷管理信息,由记录和/或再现设备可使用以管理临时缺陷信息,和另外的临时缺陷管理信息,由记录和/或再现设备可使用以管理另外的临时缺陷信息。 26. The method according to claim 25, wherein the temporary defect management area further comprises: temporary defect management information, the recording and / or reproducing apparatus may be used to manage the temporary defect information and additional temporary defect management information, the recording and / or reproducing apparatus may be used to manage the additional temporary defect information.
27.如权利要求26所述的方法,其中:临时缺陷信息和临时缺陷管理信息作为临时管理信息被记录在临时缺陷管理区域中的相邻单元中,另外的临时缺陷信息和另外的临时缺陷管理信息作为另外的临时管理信息被记录在临时缺陷管理区域中的相邻单元中,并且临时管理信息被记录在除在其中记录另外的临时管理信息的区域以外的临时缺陷管理区域的区域中。 27. The method according to claim 26, wherein: the temporary defect information and temporary defect management information as an adjacent cell of the temporary management information is recorded in the temporary defect management area, the additional temporary defect information and additional temporary defect management adjacent cell information is recorded as additional temporary management information in the temporary defect management area, and the temporary management information is recorded in the area of ​​the temporary defect management area other than the area in which the recording of additional temporary management information in the.
28.如权利要求25所述的方法,还包括:分配包括与记录在数据区域的缺陷部分中的用户数据的一部分相应的替换数据的另一区域,其中,临时缺陷信息和另外的临时缺陷信息之一包括关于缺陷部分的位置的缺陷位置信息和关于替换部分的位置的替换位置信息。 28. The method according to claim 25, further comprising: allocating another area comprising replacement data corresponding to a portion of the data recorded in a defective portion of the user data area, wherein the temporary defect information and additional temporary defect information one defect includes location information regarding the location and the replacement location information regarding the defective portion of the position of the replacement portion.
29.如权利要求25所述的方法,其中,管理区域还包括除临时缺陷管理区域以外的并且包括由记录和/或再现设备可使用以对盘执行缺陷管理的临时缺陷信息和另外的临时缺陷信息之一的缺陷管理区域。 29. The method according to claim 25, wherein, in addition to the management area further comprises a temporary defect management area and including a recording and / or reproducing apparatus may be used to perform disc defect management, the temporary defect information and additional temporary defect one defect information management area.
30.如权利要求29所述的方法,其中:另外的临时缺陷信息包括临时缺陷信息,并且缺陷管理区域包括另外的临时缺陷信息。 30. The method according to claim 29, wherein: the additional temporary defect information includes the temporary defect information and the defect management area comprises the additional temporary defect information.
31.一种针对存储介质传递数据的方法,该存储介质具有数据区域和在除数据区域以外的区域中的并且包括临时缺陷管理区域的管理区域,该方法包括:控制拾取器单元以针对数据区域传递数据;获得包括关于根据记录操作记录在数据区域中的数据的缺陷信息并且被用于针对存储介质来执行缺陷管理的临时缺陷信息;获得用于管理临时缺陷信息的临时缺陷管理信息;和控制拾取器单元以针对临时缺陷管理区域来传递临时缺陷信息和临时缺陷管理信息。 31. A method for communicating data storage medium, the storage medium having a data area and in the area other than the data area and the management area comprises a temporary defect management area, the method comprising: a pickup unit for controlling the data area transmitting data; including defect information regarding data obtained in the data area according to the recording operation, temporary defect information and is used to perform defect management for the storage medium; obtaining temporary defect information for managing the temporary defect management information; and a control the pickup unit to transfer the temporary defect information and the temporary defect management area for temporary defect management information.
32.如权利要求31所述的方法,还包括:针对除在其中记录数据的区域以外的数据区域的区域传递另外的数据,并且针对除在其中记录临时缺陷信息的区域以外的临时缺陷管理区域的区域传递与另外的数据相应的另外的临时缺陷信息。 32. The method according to claim 31, further comprising: transmitting additional data for the data region other than the region in which data is recorded, and a temporary defect management area except for the area in which temporary defect information is recorded the transmission area and additional data corresponding to the additional temporary defect information.
33.如权利要求31所述的方法,还包括:控制拾取器单元以传递临时缺陷信息和临时缺陷管理信息以作为临时管理信息被记录在临时缺陷管理区域中的相邻单元中。 33. The method according to claim 31, further comprising: controlling the pickup unit to transfer the temporary defect information and temporary defect management information in adjacent units as temporary management information is recorded in the temporary defect management area in the.
34.如权利要求33所述的方法,其中:该方法还包括控制拾取器单元以针对数据区域传递另外的数据,并且传递与另外的数据相应的并且作为另外的临时管理信息被记录在临时缺陷管理区域的第二区域中的相邻单元中的另外的临时缺陷信息和另外的临时缺陷管理信息,并且临时管理信息被记录在除第二区域以外的临时缺陷管理区域的第一区域中。 34. A method according to claim 33, wherein: the method further comprises controlling the pickup unit to transfer additional data for the data area, and transmission data corresponding to the additional and is recorded as additional temporary management information in the temporary defect a second management area in the region adjacent cells additional temporary defect information and additional temporary defect management information and the temporary management information is recorded in a first area of ​​the temporary defect management area other than the second region.
35.如权利要求31所述的方法,其中:该方法还包括控制拾取器单元以针对数据区域的另一区域来传递与记录在数据区域的缺陷部分中的数据的一部分相应的替换数据,并且临时缺陷信息包括关于缺陷部分的位置的缺陷位置信息和关于替换部分的位置的替换位置信息。 35. The method according to claim 31, wherein: the method further comprises controlling the pickup unit to transfer replacement data corresponding to a portion of the data recorded in the defect portion in the data region for another data region, and temporary defect information comprises a defect position information about the location of the defective portion and replacement position information on the position of the replacement portion.
36.如权利要求31所述的方法,其中,除临时缺陷管理区域以外,管理区域还包括临时缺陷管理区域,并且该方法还包括控制拾取器单元以针对缺陷管理区域来另外地传递临时缺陷信息。 36. The method according to claim 31, wherein, in addition to the temporary defect management area, the management area further comprises a temporary defect management area, and the method further comprises controlling the pickup unit to transfer additional temporary defect information for a defect management area .
37.如权利要求36所述的方法,其中:该方法还包括控制拾取器单元以针对数据区域来传递另外的数据,并且传递与另外的数据相应的并且作为另外的临时管理信息被记录在临时缺陷管理区域中的另外的临时缺陷信息,另外的临时缺陷信息还包括临时缺陷信息,并且缺陷管理区域包括另外的临时缺陷信息。 37. The method according to claim 36, wherein: the method further comprises controlling the pickup unit to transfer additional data for the data area, and transmission data corresponding to the additional and is recorded as additional temporary management information in the temporary temporary defect information additional defect management area, the additional temporary defect information further comprising the temporary defect information and the defect management area comprises the additional temporary defect information.
CN 200710126967 2002-10-10 2003-09-23 Method of managing disc defects in disc, and method for transferring data CN101083112B (en)

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