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Non internal electrode and no Hg highly efficient and long-life gas discharge surface light source

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CN101079369B
CN101079369B CN 200610162037 CN200610162037A CN101079369B CN 101079369 B CN101079369 B CN 101079369B CN 200610162037 CN200610162037 CN 200610162037 CN 200610162037 A CN200610162037 A CN 200610162037A CN 101079369 B CN101079369 B CN 101079369B
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light
surface
source
gas
electrode
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CN 200610162037
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101079369A (en )
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潘洪德
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潘洪德
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Abstract

The invention discloses a no internal electrode micro mercury high-efficiency long-life gas-discharge surface light source in the gas-discharge lamp technique field, which has the advantages: 1. the discharging gas of the surface light source is no mercury and no mercury pollution and the surface light source is an environment-friendly type lighting lamp; 2.the phosphor powder is added the organic electroluminescent material photo multiplier agent uniformly, the inner wall can be equipped with the reflecting ultraviolet layer, the inactive gas component in the body is the optimum selection combined proportioning and makes the light source light high-effectively; 3. the invention isn' t internally equipped with the electrode and provides the good sealing property and the low electric energy loss, and the invention is a energy-saving and long-life lamp; 4. the external electrode is manufactured with the special process, the electrode and the surface light source glass envelope are melted in a piece, which improves the fast property, the independence and the safety; 5. the driving power is the resonant electric driving power matching to the surface light source (load) automatically, which saves the energy and electricity; 6. two corresponding lighting surfaces are two-dimensional plane form or curved face form or parallel or same curvature and equal space or arbitrary curved faceform, one of two lighting surfaces (the back or the like) can be light-tight surface form aphototropism material. The lamp provides the advanced structure property, which has the wide market prospect.

Description

无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源-.技术领域 The mercury-free electrodeless high efficiency and long life gas discharge surface light source - Field

[0001] 本发明公开的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,属照明灯具技术领域,具体涉及一种无内电极、无汞、高效能又节能、长寿命、环保的气体放电面光源。 [0001] no internal electrode of the present invention discloses a mercury-free high performance and long life gas discharge surface light source, belongs to technical field lighting fixture, particularly relates to an inner electrode, a mercury-free, high-performance and energy-efficient, long-life, environmentally friendly gas discharge The surface light source.

[0002] 二.背景技术 [0002] II. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0003] 气体放电光源或灯,也即电离气体发光的日光灯、霓虹灯、节能灯等,比电热白炽灯泡有不少优点而广泛为人们所使用;但也因有寿命短、汞污染等不足而使它的应用前景受到制约。 [0003] The gas discharge light source or light, i.e., light emission of the ionized gas fluorescent, neon, energy saving lamps, electric than incandescent bulbs have many advantages and is widely used by people; but also due to a short life, insufficient mercury pollution so that its prospects will be restricted. 究其根源,这些缺点源出于它们的结构和构造。 Traced, these disadvantages due to their structure and source configuration. 不论日光灯(热阴极)类或霓虹灯(冷阴极)类,因其管体密封性能差与内置电极而使它们的使用寿命短;又因加用汞(水银)作电离剂,报废的灯具含汞等而污染环境;还因灯管内设置电极(内置电极)必然产生电极间电流与阴极损耗效应,电极还易轰击发热与耗损,耗电能多而不节能。 Regardless of fluorescent (hot cathode) or neon type (cold cathode) class, because of the poor performance of sealing the tubular body and the built-in short electrode lifetime thereof; because of added mercury (mercury) as the ionizing agent, scrapped mercury lamp pollution of the environment like; also because the electrode (internal electrode) inside the tube will inevitably produce a current between the electrodes and the cathode loss effects, but also easy to bombard the electrode and heat loss, without energy consumption can be more. 对日光灯和霓虹灯等这类气体放电灯的结构和构造的改进,是提高这类气体放电灯性能的根本出路和有效途径。 Improved structure and configuration of such gas discharge lamps like fluorescent and neon, the fundamental way to improve lamp performance such gases and effective way to discharge. 改进之一是:将内置电极改为外置电极,外置电极的结构,较早的中国专利有: 专利号:92232188. 4名称为《无电极高频扫描霓虹灯》,其后仅就无内电极的结构又涌现出不少专利,因其内容与本发明的技术相关性不大,不必费篇幅叙述。 One of the improvements are: built-in electrode to the external electrode, the external electrode structure, China earlier patents: Patent No: 922321884, entitled "scanning frequency electrodeless neon", thereafter only for the free structure of the electrodes and the emergence of many patents, because of the technical content of the present invention is less relevant, need not be described space charges. 由此气体放电光源或灯无内电极的先进结构为人们和社会所共识。 Thereby advanced gas discharge light source or lamp electrode structure without the people and society consensus.

[0004] 改进之二是:不再用汞(水银)作电离剂,即在气体放电光源或灯中的电离气体是无汞的。 [0004] Second, the improvement: no mercury (mercury) as the ionizing agent, i.e., the light source or discharge lamp is ionized gas in mercury-free gas. 在这方面,较早的中国专利有:专利号:93104870. 2名称为《冷阴极低压无汞紫外光气体放电灯》,不普通的是它采用纯氮、或氮与惰性气体为放电气体,但它对惰性气体具体的组份与配比没有明确公开。 In this regard, earlier Chinese patents: Patent No: 931048702, entitled "cold cathode low pressure mercury UV gas discharge lamp", it is not common uses pure nitrogen, the nitrogen or inert gas is discharge gas, but it inert gas and the specific component ratio is not specifically disclosed. 采用无汞技术的中国专利还有:申请号:02U6581.X(优先权日:2001年6月15日,申请日2002年6月12日)名称为《无水银填充气的低压气体放电灯》,该专利采用的填充气体有:填充气为元素周期表中第四主族硅、锗、锡、铅和硫族之硫、硒、碲的化合物,缓冲气为氦、氖、氩、氪、氙,但遗憾的是该专利没有明确公开其缓冲气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙的使用组份具体配比。 The use of Chinese patent mercury-free technologies are: Application Number: 02U6581.X (priority date: June 15, 2001, filed on June 12, 2002) the name "low-pressure gas discharge lamp filled with mercury-free gas" for the , this patent uses a gas filling are: fourth main group in the periodic table, silicon, germanium, tin, lead, and chalcogenide of sulfur, selenium, tellurium compound is filled with gas, a buffer gas is helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, but unfortunately not explicitly disclosed in this patent parts which helium buffer gas, neon, argon, krypton, xenon group using specific ratio. 采用无汞技术的中国专利还有许多,因其内容与本发明的技术相关性不大,不必费篇幅引用。 Mercury-free technology patents in China there are many, because the technical content of the present invention is less relevant, you do not have to charge the length of reference.

[0005] 关于气体放电面光源,见到的中国专利有:专利号:200420006645. 8名称为《高效率平面荧光灯光源》,这种面光源与本发明的面光源有许多不同,如它的电极是内电极,但这种面光源要比由许多根管(线)光源并排构成的面光源好的多。 [0005] For the gas discharge the surface light source, see Chinese patents: Patent Number: 2004200066458, entitled "High Efficiency flat fluorescent lamp light source", such a surface light source of the surface light source according to the present invention, there are many different, such as its electrode within an electrode, but much better than the surface light source of such surface light source by a plurality of pipes (lines) composed of parallel light. 近年来对日光灯和霓虹灯等类气体放电灯结构和构造的种种缺点仍然进行着不断的研究和改进,我们在这些光源或灯的电致高效能发光方面、节电节能方面、面光源外壳的结构方面、以及外置电极的性能与安全方面均做了研制和改进,研制成功了这种无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源。 In recent years, other types of fluorescent and neon gas discharge lamp structure and configuration shortcomings still engaged in continuous research and improvements, we electroluminescent light emission high performance aspect, the aspect of saving energy, the structure housing the surface light source or the light sources in electric lamps aspect, performance and security and external electrodes were made the development and improvement, the successful development of such a mercury-free high-performance internal electrode long-life gas discharge surface light source. 本发明的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,是一种环保、长寿命、更节能新的照明灯具,可用于室内外照明、装饰、灯箱、广告、招牌、车辆的灯具,专用或特殊用途的灯具,LCD背光源(液晶电视、笔记本电脑的背光源)等方面,具有广阔的市场前景。 No internal electrode of the present invention is a mercury-free high performance and long life gas discharge surface light source, is an environmentally friendly, long life, more energy-efficient new lighting, can be used for indoor and outdoor lighting fixtures, decorative, light boxes, advertisements, signs, vehicles, special purpose or special lighting, LCD backlight sources (LCD TV, laptop backlight), etc., have broad market prospect.

[0006] 三.发明内容 [0006] III. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0007] 本发明的目的是:向社会提供这种无内电极无汞高效能环保节能长寿命气体放电面光源,为人们的生活照明服务。 Objective [0007] of the present invention are: to provide such an electrode without the mercury-free high-performance environmental community energy long-life gas discharge surface light source, the illumination service life of people. [0008] 本发明的技术方案内容如下:这种无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源, 该面光源的密封发光腔体上具有或呈现有对应的两个二维面状的对外透光的发光面,制造具有对应的两个二维面状发光面的密封发光腔体可采用已有的一切公知公用技术实现和完成,首先是制造具有对应的两个二维面状发光面的发光腔体,如采用模具方法、使用石英玻璃料、或玻璃(做面)与金属(做侧面)联合料、采用透明网状结构.......等等办法,不必多述。 [0008] The technical solution of the present invention are as follows: No internal electrodes such high efficiency and long life of mercury-free gas discharge surface light source having a two-dimensional or planar presented with corresponding external seals on the cavity surface emitting light source, light emitting surface of the light-transmitting, for producing sealed cavity light emitting planar two-dimensional light emitting surface can be employed with corresponding conventional technology known and all completed and, above all for producing two-dimensional planar light emitting surface has a corresponding emitting cavity, such as the method using a mold, a quartz glass frit, or a glass (made surface) of the metal (do side) joint material, a mesh structure using a transparent way ....... etc., you do not have to be described later. 它的发光腔体内壁设置有荧光粉而无内电极,如前所述无内电极,便消除了内电极间产生电流与阴极损耗效应的可能,也无电极轰击发热与耗损,必然是节能的。 Its luminous cavity wall is provided with phosphor without internal electrodes, no internal electrodes as described above, eliminates the loss of the cathode current may be generated between the electrodes effects, fever and no electrode wear bombardment, energy must be . 发光腔体内密封装置着无汞的放电气体,在发光腔体中如何装置无汞的放电气体呢? The sealing means cavity light emitting mercury-free discharge gas, means how mercury-free discharge gas in the light emitting cavity it? 首先在发光腔体内壁上设置荧光粉涂层,如三基色的荧光粉,然后把发光腔体中抽成真空,再后在发光腔体中充彻或装置上一定压强的无汞的放电惰性气体,最后把其腔体密封好。 First cavity disposed inner wall of the light emitting phosphor coating, such as a phosphor of three primary colors, and the light emitting chamber evacuated, and then filled thoroughly after certain pressure on the device or the light emitting cavity mercury discharge inert gas, which is finally sealed cavity. 发光腔体密封要做好,性能要密封,如可采用低温(如370°C)加热下实施密封。 Emitting cavity sealed to do, to seal performance, such as low temperature may be employed (e.g., 370 ° C) was heated under sealed embodiment. 这些都是放电气体光源制造的公开已知技术,不必多叙。 These light sources are disclosed in the discharge gas of known techniques, you do not have to classification. 所谓无汞就是该面光源的密封发光腔体中装置的放电气体无有或不加有汞(水银)作电离剂。 The so-called mercury-free discharge gas is sealed to the cavity surface emitting light source device has no or without added mercury (mercury) as the ionizing agent. 所以这种面光源是无有汞污染的,是环保的。 Such a surface light source so there is no mercury pollution, is environmentally friendly. 其一对外置面电极分别设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上。 One pair of external electrodes are respectively provided on two surfaces faces light emitting surfaces of both upper and lower sides or right and left surfaces. 所述的该气体放电面光源发光腔体内壁上的荧光粉中均勻添加有光倍增剂——有机电致发光材料。 Phosphor according to body cavity wall of the gas discharge light emitting surface uniform light multiplier agent added - organic electroluminescent material. 这种有机电致发光材料添加到荧光粉中的目的和功能是使该气体放电面光源高效能地发光。 Such organic electroluminescent material is added to the purpose and function of the phosphor is such that the gas discharge surface light source can emit light efficiently. 这种有机电致发光材料是电致发光新材料,近年来还在不断涌现和增加,这种有机电致发光材料的发光机理包括电致下(即电作用下)直接发出可见光,或如荧光粉一样在紫外光作用下再发出可见光,这里所述的这种有机电致发光材料指的是:现已公知公用或市售的这类产品或新品,他们均可使用。 Such organic electroluminescent material is an electroluminescent new materials, increasing in recent years and is still emerging, such a light emitting mechanism of the organic electroluminescent material comprises a lower electrical actuator (i.e., the electrical action) directly emit visible light, such as fluorescent or powder and then send the same effect visible under ultraviolet light, which herein refers to organic electroluminescent materials are: It is now known and commercially available, or such products or new, they can be used. 但是,为了获得光倍增效能或高效能地发光,在荧光粉中添加这类有机电致发光材料时应当进行选择,这种选择也可通过生产实验得出。 However, to obtain high performance or a photomultiplier can emit light, the phosphors added should be selected such when the organic electroluminescent material, this choice may also be obtained by experimental production.

[0009] 所述的该气体放电面光源的荧光粉中添加的光倍增剂——有机电致发光材料是有机电致发光材料中的至少一种,直至若干种,如二〜十种等。 [0009] photomultiplier agent phosphor according to the gas discharge light source is added to the surface - the organic electroluminescent material is an organic electroluminescent material at least one, up to several, such as two to ten kinds like. 选择有机电致发光材料中的哪一种或哪几种、其配比量是多少,要结合该气体放电面光源的大小与尺寸、采用的荧光粉不同、内充的放电气体的不同等诸多因素作综合考虑、再做选择,如该气体放电灯的结构参数、材料参数等、以及微观的波长的匹配、离子电离、激发发光等的计算或设计。 The organic electroluminescent select which one or what kinds of luminescent material, which is the ratio of the amount of how much, in connection with the gas discharge to a surface light source size and dimensions, different phosphors used, different charge within the discharge gas, and many other factors for consideration, then a selection of the structural parameters such as a gas discharge lamp, material parameters and the like, as well as micro-matching wavelength, ion ionization, excitation light emission or design calculations. 这种选择也可通过生产和实验得出。 Such selection may also be derived through the production and test.

[0010] 所述的该气体放电面光源的荧光粉中添加的光倍增剂一有机电致发光材料使用量为荧光粉总使用量的0. 1〜50%。 [0010] The phosphor of the gas discharge surface light source agent added to a photomultiplier organic electroluminescent light emitting material used in an amount of 0. 1~50% of the total amount of the phosphors. 有机电致发光材料使用量在荧光粉总使用量的0. 1〜50%的范围中选择是合理和可取的。 Organic electroluminescent material using amount is reasonable and desirable to select the range of 0. 1~50% of the total amount of the phosphors.

[0011] 所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,技术特点在于:所述的该气体放电面光源发光腔体外设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上的一对电极是由涂覆金属的化合物经高温化学反应并烧结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的金属电极或金属合金电极。 [0011] None of the electrode within the mercury gas discharge efficiency and long life can be a surface light source, wherein technical features: the gas discharge of the plane light source outside the chamber is provided on both sides or surfaces of the left and right upper and lower sides of the light emitting surface a pair of electrodes coated with a metal is a compound of chemical reactions at high temperature and sintered into a metal or metal alloy electrode and the source electrode is integrally melted the surface of the bulb body. 该面光源玻壳熔融一体的金属电极,包括各种金属的电极,其中较好的是导电性能良好的金属电极,如银的、铜的、铝的电极等;或者是金属合金电极,包括各种金属的合金电极,其中较好的是导电性能良好的金属合金电极,如银的、铜的、铝的各种合金电极等。 The metal electrode is integrally melted surface light source bulb, comprising electrodes of various metals, which are preferably good conductivity metal electrodes, such as silver, copper, aluminum electrodes and the like; or a metal alloy electrodes, each comprising metal alloy electrode, wherein the good conductive properties is preferably a metal alloy electrodes, such as silver, copper, aluminum and other various alloy electrode. 如该面光源的一对电极设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面外壁面上,在电极面用涂覆金属的化合物经高温化学反应并烧结的工艺制作方法,把电极做成与该面光源玻壳熔融一体的金属电极或金属合金电极,使电极和面光源玻壳熔融一体,则电极和该气体放电面光源联接的牢固性、可靠性较高,是本发明技术内容的一点。 The pair of electrodes of the surface light source disposed in two right and left side surfaces of the light emitting surface or the outer wall surface of both upper and lower surfaces, the electrode surfaces coated with a metal compound through a chemical reaction process and method of manufacturing the high temperature sintering, the electrode is made and the metal electrode or metal alloy electrode of the surface light source bulb integrally melted, the surface light source bulb, and the electrode is integrally melted, the solidity of the electrode and the surface light source coupled to the gas discharge, high reliability, a little technical contents of the present invention . 这些电极设置使该面光源的外置电极性能与安全方面会有显著改进和提高。 These electrodes are arranged so that the surface light source of the external electrode performance and security will be significantly improved and enhanced.

[0012] 根据以上所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,技术特点还有: a.所述的该气体放电面光源的驱动电源是与其负载(该面光源)固有振荡频率匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源。 [0012] According to the above-described electrode-free high performance and long life mercury gas discharge surface light source, as well as technical features:. A gas discharge according to the driving power source is a surface light source with its load (surface light source) natural oscillation frequency matching the resonant frequency, high voltage power electronic drive. 所述的该面光源固有振荡频率,是指每个气体放电面光源等效于一个电容器,两电极是该面光源电容器的两极板,面光源内的放电气体等是电容器的介质, 该面光源的具体结构完全等效于一个电容器C,并且有它固有的C值和固有振荡频率。 The surface light source of the natural oscillation frequency, each of the gas discharge means is a surface light source is equivalent to a capacitor, two electrodes are the plates of the capacitor surface light source, a discharge gas in the surface light source is a dielectric capacitor, the surface light source the specific configuration is fully equivalent to a capacitor C, a C and has its inherent value and a specific oscillation frequency. 该面光源的电子驱动电源如果能和该面光源固有的电容器C值和固有振荡频率相匹配,使两者达到相互匹配,在谐振情况下驱动供电,必然是供电和驱动效果最好的,也是最节能的, 还能有效消除光源或灯光的闪烁等不稳定现象。 The surface light source power electronic drive can be matched if the capacitor C and the intrinsic value of the surface light source and the natural oscillation frequency, so that the two match each other to achieve the drive power supply in case of resonance, and the driving power must be the best, but also most energy-efficient, but also to effectively eliminate light source such as a flicker or instability. 该面光源的电子驱动电源由整流与滤波电路、振荡电路、保护电路、逆变电路-推挽与匹配驱动电路、升压与谐振电路及其输出电路组成。 The surface light source of the driving power source by the electronic rectifier and filter circuit, an oscillation circuit, a protection circuit, the inverter circuit - the matching push-pull driving circuit, a booster circuit and the resonant output circuit. 其中推挽与匹配驱动电路和升压与谐振电路设计成相互匹配又谐振的是该项技术的关键内容。 Wherein the matching push-pull drive circuit and the boost circuit is designed to match the resonance and another resonance of key elements of the technology. 它的输出电路的一对输出端分别与该气体放电面光源一对电极联接一起。 Its pair of output terminals of the output circuit of the gas discharge, respectively, a pair of electrodes coupled to the surface light source together. 以上所述的高频、高压驱动电源也是公开公知技术,高频范围如20〜400KC,高压范围如500〜 3000V等。 The above-described high frequency, high voltage driving power source is a known technique disclosed, such as a high frequency range 20~400KC, such 500~ 3000V high voltage range and the like. 所述的该气体放电面光源的电子驱动电源的各功能电路也可用公知的技术设计和实现,只要能完成或实现其电子驱动电源各电路之功能均可采用。 The functional electronic circuit of the driving power of the gas discharge surface light source and can also be used to achieve the known technical design, as long as complete or realizing the functions of electronic circuits that drive power can be used. 而且该电子驱动电源的各电路所用的电子元器件,完全可用其它电子元器件替代,只要采用的其它电子元器件能完成或实现其各电路功能的均可使用。 Each of the electronic circuit and a driving power source used in electronic components, other electronic components fully available alternatives, as long as other electronic components used to complete the respective circuits or to achieve its function can be used. b.所述的该气体放电面光源壳体内充有的放电气体--隋性气体的组合配比是选择低电激活能下的佳化组合配比,它的技术意义是:消耗较低的供电能而获得发光高效能的面光源,达到这一目的的技术之一是:在以上目的之下求得该面光源内充有的放电惰性气体佳化(较好)组合配比。 . B within the housing of the gas discharge surface light source charged in the discharge gas - inert gas composition ratio is selected in the low activation energy of the good combination ratio, its technical significance are: low consumption power can be obtained a surface light source emitting high energy, to achieve the purpose of this technique is one of: an inert gas to obtain a good charge and discharge some of (preferably) the composition ratio of the surface light source under the above object. 怎样求得该面光源内充的放电惰性气体佳化(较好)组合配比呢? What is obtained in the charge-discharge surface light source of an inert gas is good (better) composition ratio it? 选择的方法是:其中首先在氪掺氙的佳化组合配比上作选择,其次在氦、氖、氩一种乃至三种佳化组合配比上作选择,还有在前两种选择结果的佳化组合配比上再选择,最后得出的关于氦、氖、氩、氪、氙佳化组合配比即是该面光源放电惰性气体在低电激活能下的佳化组合配比。 The method of choice is: wherein for the first ratio in a good combination of krypton xenon-doped selection, followed by selection on as helium, neon, argon, and the one kind of the three kinds of good combination ratio, as well as the results of the previous two options the composition ratio of the good select, on the conclusion that helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, good composition ratio of the surface light source that is activated good discharge of an inert gas composition can, in the low ratio. c.所述的该面光源的密封发光腔体上对应的两个发光面均是二维平面状的或曲面状的。 C. two light-emitting surface corresponding to the seal cavity of the light emitting surface of the light source are two-dimensional planar or curved. 关于二维平面状或曲面状的内容也是公知的技术内容,不必多叙。 Technical details about the two-dimensional planar or curved contents are known, do not have to classification.

[0013] 根据以上所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,技术特点还有: a.所述的该气体放电面光源壳体外设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上的一对电极是经真空镀并加温淀结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的金属电极和金属合金电极。 [0013] According to the above-described mercury-free electrodeless high efficiency and long life gas discharge surface light source, as well as technical features:. A light source disposed outside the housing of the gas discharge surface of the left and right sides of the light emitting surface or surfaces of the upper and lower both surfaces of the pair of electrodes is warmed by vacuum deposition and plating to form the metal electrode and the molten metal alloy electrode integral with the body of the light bulb surface. 其中金属真空镀工艺技术是公知公用的成熟技术,加温淀结的温度是使真空镀的金属形成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的温度。 Wherein the metal vacuum deposition technology is known and mature technology, the junction temperature heating starch melt is formed integrally with the body of the light bulb surface temperature of the vacuum-plated metal. 关于所述的金属电极和金属合金电极同于前段说明的,不再重述。 With respect to the metal electrode and the metal electrode with an alloy described in the preceding, not repeated. b.所述的该气体放电面光源电子驱动电源的推挽与匹配驱动电路、升压与谐振电路的阻、容、感电路参数跟踪匹配形成谐振电子电路结构,也即是该面光源的固有的电容器C值与推挽与匹配驱动电路、升压与谐振电路的阻、容、感电路参数相互跟踪匹配,形成谐振的电子电路结构。 b. This barrier gas discharge surface light source driving power of the electron matching push-pull driver circuit, and the boosting of the resonant circuit, receiving, tracking and matching parameter sensing circuit form a resonant electronic circuit structure, that is, the surface light source of the intrinsic the value of capacitor C and resistor matching push-pull drive circuit and booster circuit, and the resonant, capacity, sense circuit parameters track each match, an electronic circuit formed of the resonant structure. c.为了达到消耗较低的供电能而获得发光高效能的面光源这一目的,所述的该气体放电面光源放电惰性气体在低电激活能下的优化(更好的) 组合配比是:氪掺氙的优化组合配比的选择量为:氪比氙大两〜三个数量级(0. IXlO2〜 9. 9X IO3);氦、氖、氩和氪的优化组合配比的选择量为:氦、氖、氩的总量比氪大一〜两个数量级(0. IX IO1NigXlO2);氦、氖、氩的选择量占该面光源放电惰性气体总量的0〜99%; 但惰性气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙在该面光源的使用总量须满足100%。 c. To achieve the low power consumption can be obtained high-performance light emitting surface light source for this purpose, optimization of an inert gas at low activation energy of the gas discharge surface of the discharge source (better) is the composition ratio : a selected amount of xenon, krypton doped optimal combination ratio for: - two large krypton xenon than three orders of magnitude (0. IXlO2~ 9. 9X IO3); amount selecting optimal combination of helium, neon, argon and krypton as the ratio : total amount of helium, neon, argon, krypton freshman ~ than two orders of magnitude (0. IX IO1NigXlO2); helium, neon, argon selecting discharge amount of the surface light source 0~99% of total inert gas; however, inert gas helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, the total amount of use of the surface light source must satisfy 100%.

[0014] 根据以上所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,更详细的技术特点还有:a.所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面的二维面可以是相互平行的、或是同曲率等间距的。 [0014] The above-described internal electrode without mercury high efficiency and long life gas discharge surface light source, a more detailed technical features include:. A two corresponding light-emitting surface on the light emitting surface of the cavity two-dimensional plane may be parallel to each other, or spaced the same curvature. 关于两个面相互平行、或是两曲面同曲率等间距等内容也是公知的技术内容,不必多叙。 Technical details about two mutually parallel surfaces, or curved surfaces with a curvature equal pitch etc. are also known, you do not have to classification. b.所述的该气体放电面光源壳体外设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上的一对电极是由涂覆金属的化合物经高温化学反应并烧结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的银、或铜、或铝的电极以及银、或铜、或铝的合金电极。 b. The outer surface of the gas discharge light source housing a pair of electrodes disposed on both sides or both sides of the left and right upper and lower surfaces of the light emitting surface is coated with a metal compound at high temperature and sintered into a chemical reaction with the surface of the light bulb integrally melt-silver, or copper, or aluminum, and silver electrodes, or copper, or aluminum alloy electrode. 还要指出的是:所述的涂覆金属的化合物是些金属氧化物等,如氧化银、氧化铜、氧化铝、氧化锰、氧化铋、硼酸铅等,它们都是公知公用、市售产品。 It is also noted that: the compound is a coating metal oxide of these metals, such as silver oxide, copper oxide, aluminum oxide, manganese oxide, bismuth oxide, lead borate, which are known and commercially available products . c.所述的该气体放电面光源电子驱动电源的推挽与匹配驱动电路、升压与谐振电路是自动匹配、自调谐振的电子电路,该电路中有智能化集成电路芯片,这种智能化集成电路芯片具有可擦、写、读的固化软件及存储功能等。 c. The surface of the gas discharge electron source driving power source and the matching push-pull driver circuit, the resonant circuit boosting the automatic matching, self-adjusting electronic resonance circuit, the circuit has an integrated circuit chip intelligence, this intelligence of an integrated circuit chip having erasable, write, read and store the firmware functions. 凡是能完成或实现该面光源驱动电源的推挽与匹配驱动电路、升压与谐振电路自动匹配、自调谐振功能的智能化集成电路芯片均可用来设计与使用,这种智能化集成电路芯片完全可采用公知公用、市售产品,没有特殊的要求。 Who can achieve completion or the driving power source and the matching surface of the push-pull driver circuit, the resonant circuit boosting the automatic matching, self-adjusting function of resonant intelligent integrated circuit chips may be used to design and use, the intelligent integrated circuit chip fully known and may be used commercially available products, no special requirements.

[0015] 根据以上所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,详细技术特点还有:a.所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面的间距应大于0. 1mm。 [0015] According to the above-described mercury-free electrodeless high efficiency and long life gas discharge surface light source, a detailed technical features include:. A distance corresponding to two light-emitting surface of the light emitting surface of the cavity of the light source should be greater than 0. 1mm. b.所述的该气体放电面光源壳体外设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上的一对电极是经真空镀并加温淀结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的银、或铝的电极以及银、或铜、或铝的合金电极。 b. The outer surface of the gas discharge light source housing provided in the left and right both sides of the light emitting surface or a pair of electrodes on both sides of the upper and lower vacuum plating is precipitated and heated to form the body of the envelope surface of the molten source integral silver, or aluminum, and silver electrodes, or copper, or aluminum alloy electrode. 采用银、或铝的电极以及银、或铜、或铝的合金电极其导电性能是较好的。 Silver, or aluminum, and silver electrodes, copper or its alloy electrode conductivity or aluminum are preferred. c.所述的该气体放电面光源优化选择的惰性气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙均须是高纯度的。 C. The surface of the gas discharge source Optimization of inert gas as helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon must be of high purity. 高纯度按通常理解是其纯度达四个九以上或更高(即99. 99%以上或更高)。 High purity is understood in the usual four nines of purity or higher than (i.e., more than 99.99% or higher).

[0016] 根据以上所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,详细技术特点有: a.为了获得高效能发光结果,该气体放电面光源的壳体内壁上可设置有反射紫外光层,该层之上是荧光粉层。 [0016] According to the above-described mercury-free electrodeless high efficiency and long life gas discharge surface light source, a detailed technical features are:. A result in order to obtain high efficiency light emission can be provided on the housing inner wall of the gas discharge light source a reflective surface UV layer, the layer is on the phosphor layer. 所述的反射紫外光层的材料均可采用公知公用、市售的这类材料产品, 其制造工艺也可采用气体放电面光源或灯的现有公知公用技术去实现。 The material of the ultraviolet reflecting layer may be employed known and commercially available products of such materials, the manufacturing process may be employed conventional techniques known and a surface light source or gas discharge lamp to achieve. b.所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面中之一可以是对外不透光的,便可形成单面发光的面光源。 One of the two corresponding light-emitting surface on the light emitting surface of the light source chamber b. The outside may be the opaque, light emission can be formed in one surface of a surface light source. 单面发光的面光源可做面形背光源、空心的圆柱面光源、或空心的球面光源等。 One-side emission type surface light source backlight can do surface, the surface light source hollow cylindrical or hollow spherical light source.

[0017] 根据以上所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,详细技术特点有: 所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面中之一(如背面)可以是对外不透光的, 一种情况:则是在该对外不透光面内壁与荧光粉层间、或对外不透光面内壁与反射紫外光层间设置有反光材料层,所述的反光的材料层均可采用公知公用、市售的这类材料产品,其制造工艺也可采用气体放电面光源或灯的现有公知公用技术去实现。 [0017] According to the above-described mercury-free electrodeless high efficiency and long life gas discharge surface light source, a detailed technical features are: one of the two corresponding light-emitting surface on the light emitting surface of the cavity of the light source (backside ) may be opaque outside, a situation: that is between the inner wall and the external opaque phosphor layer, or outside with a layer of reflective material is provided between the inner wall surface of the opaque reflective layer ultraviolet light, the the reflective material layer may use known and commercially available products of such materials, the manufacturing process may be employed conventional techniques known and a surface light source or gas discharge lamp to achieve. 或者另一种情况:该对外不透光面是由不透光材料构成的。 Or another case: the outside surface is made opaque opaque material.

[0018] 根据以上所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,详细技术特点还有:所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面可以是任意二维面状的,即其发光面的形状是任意形状的,这也是公知的技术内容,举不胜举,不必多叙。 [0018] According to the above-described mercury-free electrodeless high efficiency and long life gas discharge surface light source, a detailed technical features include: two corresponding light-emitting surface on the light emitting surface of the cavity of the light source may be any two-dimensional planar, i.e., the shape of the light-emitting surface of any shape, which is well-known in the art content, endless, needless classification.

[0019] 本发明的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源的优点很多:1.该面光源发光体中不含有汞,避免了含汞带来的污染和毒害,是环保型照明光源或灯具;2.该面光源发光体内无内置电极,发光体密封性能好,还不会在电极间产生电流与阴极损耗效应,电能损耗少,是既节能又长寿命的照明光源或灯具;3.该面光源荧光粉中均勻添加了有机电致发光材料光倍增剂,而且其体内放电气体组份的组合配比也作了优化选择,这种光倍增剂和放电气体组份的优化选择,能使该气体放电面光源高效能地发光;4.该面光源的驱动电源是与其负载(该面光源)能匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源,耗电少,更节能。 [0019] no internal electrode of the present invention is a mercury-free gas discharge high efficiency and long life of the surface light source has many advantages: 1. The surface light emitting body does not contain mercury, mercury poisoning and avoids contamination caused, environmentally friendly lighting a light source or fixture; 2. the surface light source body emitting no built-in electrode, emitter good sealing performance, it will not generate a current between the cathode electrode loss effects, less power consumption, is both energy and an illumination source or lamp of long life; 3. the surface light source of the phosphor is uniformly added organic electroluminescent material photomultiplier agent, and the body parts of which the ratio of the discharge gas combinations are also optimized choice, such parts and the discharge gas photomultiplier agent selected set of optimization , enables the gas discharge surface light source can emit light efficiently; 4. the surface light source driving power supply is therewith load (surface light source) to match the resonance frequency, high-voltage electronic power supply, low power consumption, more energy efficient. 5.该面光源体外设置的一对电极,采取特殊工艺制造,电极和面光源玻壳熔融一体,提高了电极和该面光源联接的牢固性、可靠性、安全性;6.该面光源经过改进结构合理,性能先进,是值得大力提倡和推广的环保节能长寿命照明光源或灯具。 The pair of electrodes of the surface light source disposed in vitro, to take special manufacturing process, the electrode is integrally melted and the surface light source bulb, and improves the robustness of the surface light source coupled to the electrode, reliability, security; 6. The surface light source passes improvement rational structure, advanced performance, is worth vigorously promote energy conservation and environmental protection to promote long-life light source or lighting fixtures. 它可用于室内外照明、装饰、灯箱、广告、招牌、车辆的灯具,专用或特殊用途的灯具,LCD背光源(液晶电视、笔记本电脑的背光源)等方面,具有广阔的市场前景。 It can be used for indoor and outdoor lighting lighting, decorative, light boxes, advertisements, signs, vehicle lighting, or a dedicated special purpose, LCD backlight sources (LCD TV, laptop backlight), etc., have broad market prospect.

[0020] 四.附图说明 [0020] IV. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

[0021] 本发明的说明书附图有7幅: [0021] Brief description of the present invention are 7:

[0022] 图1是无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源的结构示意图,其电极未在图中示出; [0022] FIG. 1 is a mercury-free high internal electrode structural diagram of the gas discharge surface light source life can be long, the electrode is not shown in the drawings;

[0023] 图2是图1的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源沿A——A线剖示图; [0023] FIG. 2 is an internal electrode of FIG. 1 without a mercury-free high performance and long life gas discharge light source along a plane A - A line cross-sectional diagram;

[0024] 图3是无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源使用联接图; [0024] FIG. 3 is the mercury-free electrodeless high efficiency and long life gas discharge light source coupled to the surface map;

[0025] 图4是无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源的电源电路结构方框图; [0025] FIG. 4 is a mercury-free electrodeless high internal energy supply circuit block diagram showing a structure of a long life gas discharge surface light source;

[0026] 图5是无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源高频高压谐振电源原理图; [0026] FIG. 5 is a mercury-free high internal electrodes the gas discharge can be long-life high-voltage high-frequency resonant power supply the surface light source Schematic;

[0027] 图6是无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源另一谐振电源原理图; [0027] FIG. 6 is a mercury-free high-performance internal electrode gas discharge surface light long-life power supply schematic of another resonator;

[0028] 图7是无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源智能谐振电源原理图。 [0028] FIG. 7 is a mercury-free high-performance internal electrodes long life gas discharge surface light source schematic intelligent resonant power supply.

[0029] 在各图中:1.面光源的密封发光腔体上具有的对应两个二维面状发光面之一; 2.对应于1的另一发光面;3.发光腔体内壁上的荧光粉层;4.两发光面左右两侧面(之一)或两发光面上下两侧面(之一);5.面光源的密封发光腔体;6.分别设置在左右两侧上或上下两侧面上的一对外置面电极之一;7.电源线;8.高频、高压谐振电源;9.开关; 10.市电网络;11.整流电路;12.滤波电路;13.振荡电路;14.逆变电路,即推挽与匹配驱动电路;15.升压与谐振电路;16.输出电路;17.保护电路;18.智能芯片;19.地端;其中, 在图5中:Pl与P2.交流电源端;P3与P4.谐振电源输出端,联接面光源两电极端;Rl〜 R8.均为电阻;Cl〜C5.均为电容;Dl〜D9.均为二极管;Bi.变压器,它周围的1〜8均是变压器Bl各绕组的端头;Ql与Q2.均为三极管;F.熔断器。 [0029] In the drawings: 1 corresponding to one two-dimensional light emitting surface having a planar upper seal cavity surface emitting light source; 2. emitting surface corresponding to another 1; 3 emitting cavity wall. a phosphor layer;. 4 at both side surfaces (one of) the left and right side surfaces of the light emitting surface (one) or two light emitting face; 5 sealed cavity surface emitting light source; 6 are respectively disposed on left and right sides or up and down one surface of the surface sides of a pair of external electrodes; 7 power line; 8 frequency, high voltage resonant power supply; 9 switch; 10. the mains network; 11 a rectifying circuit;. a filter circuit 12; 13 oscillation circuit .; an inverter circuit 14, i.e., the matching push-pull driver circuit; booster 15 and the resonance circuit; an output circuit 16; 17 protection circuit; smart chip 18; 19 ground terminal; wherein, in FIG. 5.....: . Pl and P2 AC power supply terminal;. P3 and P4 resonant power supply output terminal electrically coupled to the surface light source two;. Rl~ R8 are resistors; Cl~C5 are capacitors;. Dl~D9 are diode;. Bi. transformers, are around it 1~8 ends of each winding of the transformer Bl;. Ql and Q2 are transistors;. F. fuses. 在图6中:Pl与P2.交流电源端讽〜^均为二极管;D.双向二极管;LED.发光二极管;DW^DW2.均是稳压二极管A〜 C6.均是电容氓〜R8.均为电阻;MGR.光敏电阻;Qp Q2.均为场效应管;Q3.可控硅;B1, B2.均为变压器知〜“均为绕组电感线圈;Re.负载面光源;Re.示意再有的负载面光源。 在图7中:Pl与P2.交流电源端;P3与P4.谐振电源输出端,联接面光源两电极端;D1〜D4、 D6、D8.均为二极管;D5.为稳压二极管;D7.为可控硅6〜Cltl.均是电容氓〜Ii12.均为电Pl5Q1^Q2.均为场效应管;ICpIC2.均为集成电路芯片,其中IC2是智能芯片;Bi〜B3.均为变压器^〜L7.均为绕组电感线圈。 In FIG. 6: Pl and P2 ~ ^ AC power terminal are Bitterness diode; bidirectional diode D; the LED light-emitting diode; DW ^ DW2 are zener diode A~ C6 are capacitors are Meng ~R8..... a resistor; MGR photoresistor;.. Qp Q2 are FETs;. Q3 SCR;. B1, B2 are known transformer ~ "are inductor windings;. re load surface light source; re Furthermore schematically. load surface light source in FIG. 7:.... Pl and P2 terminal of the AC power; P3 and P4 two resonant power supply output terminal, coupled to the surface light source; D1~D4, D6, D8 are diodes; D5 was stable. voltage diode;.. D7 are to SCR 6~Cltl Meng ~Ii12 capacitor are both electrically Pl5Q1 ^ Q2 FET;... ICpIC2 are integrated circuit chip, which is the smart chip IC2; Bi~B3 . are transformer ^ ~L7. both winding inductor.

[0030] 五·具体实施方案 [0030] In particular embodiments five.

[0031] 本发明的非限定实施例如下: [0031] Non-limiting embodiments of the present invention is as follows:

[0032] 实施例一.无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源[0033] 该例的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源的一种具体结构如图1〜图5 共同示出,其中图1与图2所示的是无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源的结构示意图,图2是图1的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源沿A——A线剖示图。 [0032] Example I. No internal electrodes mercury high efficiency and long life gas discharge surface light source [0033] This embodiment of the electrode without mercury gas discharge high efficiency and long life of the surface light source to a specific structure is shown in FIG. 1 ~ 5 together illustrate, which is shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 no inner electrode mercury high efficiency and long life of the gas discharge light source of a planar configuration, FIG 2 is an internal electrode of FIG. 1 without a mercury-free high performance and long life gas discharge surface light source along the A - A line sectional diagram. 如图中所示,该面光源的密封发光腔体5上具有或呈现有对应的两个二维面状的对外透光的发光面1与2,制造具有对应的两个二维面状发光面1、2的密封发光腔体5可采用已有的一切公知公用技术实现和完成,首先是制造具有对应的两个二维面状发光面1、2的发光腔体5, 如采用模具方法、使用石英玻璃料、或玻璃(做面)与金属(做侧面)联合料、采用透明网状结构.......等等办法,不必多述。 As shown in the light emitting surface, having a translucent or presentation of foreign two-dimensional planar light emission corresponding to the seal chamber 5 of the surface light source 1 and 2, producing a corresponding planar two-dimensional light emitting sealing the light emitting surfaces 1 and 2 of the cavity 5 may be used all known and conventional technology and completion, it was first made two-dimensional planar light emitting surface has a cavity corresponding to 1,2 and 5, such as the method using a mold , quartz glass frit, or a glass (made surface) of the metal (do side) joint material, a mesh structure using a transparent way ....... etc., do not have to be described later. 该例发光腔体5上对应的两个发光面1、2均是二维平面状的或曲面状的,关于二维平面状或曲面状的内容也是公知的技术内容,不必多叙。 The two light-emitting surface corresponding to Example 5 of the chamber 2 are a light emitting a two-dimensional planar or curved, on a two-dimensional planar or curved content content is also known in the art, you do not have to classification. 该面光源对应的两个发光面1、2的间距应大于0. 1mm,如0. 2mm〜2mm。 Two light emission corresponding to the spacing of the surfaces 1 and 2 should be greater than 0. 1mm, such as 0. 2mm~2mm. 如图中所示,它的发光腔体5内壁设置有荧光粉3而无内电极。 As shown, the light emitting its inner wall 5 inside the cavity 3 with a phosphor without electrodes. 无内电极,便消除了内电极间产生电流与阴极损耗效应的可能,也无电极轰击发热与耗损,必然是节能的。 No internal electrodes, eliminates the loss of the cathode current may be generated between the electrodes effects, fever and no electrode wear bombardment, energy must be. 发光腔体5内密封装置着无汞的放电惰性气体,在发光腔体中如何装置无汞的放电惰性气体呢? Light emitting means 5 is sealed within a cavity with an inert gas is mercury-free discharge, in the light emitting device cavity how mercury-free discharge of inert gas it? 首先在发光腔体5的内壁上设置荧光粉涂层3,如三基色的荧光粉,然后把发光腔体5中抽成真空,再后在发光腔体5中充彻或装置上一定压强的无汞的放电惰性气体,最后把其腔体密封好。 First, on the inner wall of the cavity 5 of the luminescent phosphor coating 3. The three-color phosphor, and the light emitting evacuated cavity 5, and then the charging device or the light emitting Toru chamber 5 constant pressure mercury-free discharge of inert gas, which is finally sealed cavity. 发光腔体密封要做好,性能要密封,如可采用低温(如大约370°C)加热下实施密封。 Emitting cavity sealed to do, to seal performance, such as low temperature may be employed (e.g. about 370 ° C) was heated under sealed embodiment. 这些都是放电气体光源制造的公开已知技术,不必多叙。 These light sources are disclosed in the discharge gas of known techniques, you do not have to classification. 所谓无汞就是该面光源的密封发光腔体5中装置的放电气体无有或不加有汞(水银)作电离剂。 The so-called mercury-free discharge gas is sealed chamber 5 of the light emitting surface of the light source apparatus with or without non-mercury (mercury) as the ionizing agent. 所以这种面光源是无有汞污染的,是环保的。 Such a surface light source so there is no mercury pollution, is environmentally friendly. 它的一对外置面电极分别设置在两发光面1、2左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上。 Its external surface a pair of electrodes disposed at both sides of the left and right upper and lower sides 1,2 or two surfaces of the light emitting surface. 该例的气体放电面光源的特点之一是:该例面光源的发光腔体5的内壁上的荧光粉3中均勻添加有光倍增剂——有机电致发光材料。 One embodiment of the gas discharge characteristics of the surface light source are: a light emitting embodiment of the surface light source chambers phosphor on the inner wall of the body 5 of the multiplier 3 is uniformly bright agent added - organic electroluminescent material. 这种有机电致发光材料添加到荧光粉中的目的和功能是使该气体放电面光源高效能地发光。 Such organic electroluminescent material is added to the purpose and function of the phosphor is such that the gas discharge surface light source can emit light efficiently. 这种有机电致发光材料是电致发光新材料,如纯度较高的金属的有机物,所用的金属有锌、稀钍族镧系中钐、铕、铽等的有机化合物,这些金属有机化合物都是现已公知公用或市售的这类产品或新产品,他们均可使用。 Such organic electroluminescent material is an electroluminescent new materials, such as organics higher purity metal, the metal organic compound with zinc, thorium dilute lanthanide group of samarium, europium, terbium and the like, which are metal-organic compounds is now known and commercially available or such products or new products, they can be used. 但是,为了获得光倍增效能或高效能地发光,在荧光粉中添加这类有机电致发光材料时应当进行选择,在荧光粉中添加的光倍增剂有机电致发光材料可以是有机电致发光材料中的至少一种,直至若干种,如二种、或三种、或四种、或五种、或六种、或八种、或十种等。 However, to obtain high performance or a photomultiplier can emit light, the addition of such an organic should be selected when the phosphors in electroluminescent material, a photomultiplier agent is added in the phosphor in an organic electroluminescent material may be an organic electroluminescent at least one material, up to several, such as two kinds, or three, or four, or five, or six of, or eight, at ten kinds or the like. 选择有机电致发光材料中的哪一种或哪几种、其配比量是多少,要结合该气体放电面光源的大小与尺寸、采用的荧光粉不同、内充的放电气体面光源的不同等诸多因素作综合考虑、再做选择效果较好。 The organic electroluminescent select which one or what kinds of luminescent material, which is the ratio of the amount of how much, in connection with the gas discharge to a surface light source size and dimensions, different phosphors used, different charging discharge gas within a surface light source and many other factors make a comprehensive consideration, then a better choice. 这种选择也可通过生产实验得出。 This selection may also be obtained by experimental production. 在荧光粉3中添加的光倍增剂——有机电致发光材料使用总量为荧光粉总使用量的0. 1%、或0.5%、或1%、或2%、或3%等。 In Phosphor 3 photomultiplier agent added - organic electroluminescent phosphor material using a total amount of the total 0.1%, or 0.5%, or 1%, or 2%, 3%, or the like. 为了获得高效能发光结果,该例的气体放电面光源的壳体5内壁上可设置有反射紫外光层,该层之上是荧光粉层3。 In order to obtain high efficiency light emission results, the embodiment of the gas discharge on the inner wall of the housing 5 may be provided with a surface light source UV reflective layer over the phosphor layer 3 is a layer. 所述的反射紫外光层的材料均可采用公知公用、市售的这类材料产品,不再多述。 The material of the ultraviolet reflecting layer may be employed such materials as are known products, commercially available, not to repeat. 其制造工艺也可采用气体放电面光源或灯的现有公知公用技术去实现,也不再多述。 Its manufacturing process may also be a surface light source or gas discharge lamp is known and conventional technology to achieve, not more later. 该例的气体放电面光源的特点之二是:该例面光源的密封发光腔体5中装置的无汞放电惰性气体可以在氦、氖、氩、氪、氙中作选择,各惰性气体的组合配比的选择方法是:在消耗低电激活能下的佳化组合配比,它的技术意义是:消耗较低的供电能而获得发光高效能的面光源,达到这一目的的技术内容是:在以上目的之下求得该面光源内充有的放电惰性气体佳化(较好)组合配比。 The embodiment of the gas discharge surface light source characteristics of the two is: a mercury-free discharge of inert gas sealed emitting chamber 5 of the embodiment of the surface light source device may be selected as helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, each inert gas the method of choice is the combination ratio: the ratio of the good combination of low power consumption in the activation energy, it is the technical sense: consumes less power can be obtained a surface light source emitting high energy, to achieve this purpose technical content They are: obtain good inert gas charged in and discharge of (preferably) the composition ratio of the surface light source under the above object. 怎样求得该面光源内充的放电惰性气体佳化(较好)组合配比呢? What is obtained in the charge-discharge surface light source of an inert gas is good (better) composition ratio it? 选择的方法是:其中首先在氪掺氙的佳化组合配比上作选择,其次在氦、氖、氩一种乃至三种佳化组合配比上作选择,还有在前两种选择结果的佳化组合配比上再选择,最后得出的关于氦、 氖、氩、氪、氙佳化组合配比即是该面光源放电惰性气体在低电激活能下的佳化组合配比。 The method of choice is: wherein for the first ratio in a good combination of krypton xenon-doped selection, followed by selection on as helium, neon, argon, and the one kind of the three kinds of good combination ratio, as well as the results of the previous two options the composition ratio of the good select, on the conclusion that helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, good composition ratio of the surface light source that is activated good discharge of an inert gas composition can, in the low ratio. 例如:氪掺氙的组合配比的选择量为:氪比氙大两个数量级(0. 1〜9. 9) X IO2,如括号中的值还可选取0. 3、或0. 5、或0. 8、或1、或1. 5、或2、或3、或4、或5、或6、或7、或8、或9等。 For example: Select krypton xenon-doped stoichiometric amount of the composition is: krypton xenon than two orders of magnitude (. 0. 1~9 9) X IO2, such as the values ​​in brackets may also be selected 0.3, or 0.5, or 0.8, or 1, or 1.5, or 2, or 3, or 4, or 5, or 6, or 7, or 8, or 9 or the like. 选择氦、氖、氩的一种乃至三种,它们的选择量占该面光源放电惰性气体总量的0〜99%, 单种时选择量占该面光源放电惰性气体总量的70〜99% ;两种或三种时它们的选择量占该面光源放电惰性气体总量的0〜99%,因此氦、氖、氩它们三种的选择是在0〜99%间的任意所有数值的组合配比。 Select helium, neon, argon three kinds of even one kind, their choice is the total amount of 0~99% of the inert gas discharge surface light source, to select the total amount 70~99 inert gas discharge surface light source when a single %; when two kinds or three thereof selected amount of inert 0~99% of the total surface of the gas discharge source, so as helium, neon, argon are three kinds of selection is arbitrary values ​​among all of 0~99% combined ratio. 氦、氖、氩和氪的组合配比的选择量为:氦、氖、氩的总量比氪大一个数量级(0. 1〜9. 9) X 10,如括号中的值还可选取0. 3、或0. 5、或0. 8、或1、或1. 5、或2、或3、或4、或5、或6、或7、或8、或9等。 A selected amount of helium, neon, combinations, argon and krypton as the ratio: total helium, neon, argon, krypton than an order of magnitude (. 0. 1~9 9) X 10, such as the values ​​in brackets may select 0 3, or 0.5, or 0.8, or 1, or 1.5, or 2, or 3, or 4, or 5, or 6, or 7, or 8, or 9 or the like. 但各惰性气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙在该面光源的使用总量须满足100%。 However, using each of the total amount of the inert gas helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, in the surface light source must satisfy 100%. 还须指出:各惰性气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙均须是高纯度的。 Must be noted: each of an inert gas as helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, it must be of high purity. 如高纯度选择其纯度达四个九(99. 99% )。 The high purity of selected four nines purity (99.99%). 该例的气体放电面光源的特点之三是:该面光源的一对外置电极6。 The embodiment of the gas discharge characteristics of the surface light source is three: a pair of external electrodes 6 of the surface light source. 该面光源的使用联接图如图3所示,从图3中可以看出,一对外置电极6分别设置在两发光面左右两侧面4上或上下两侧面4上。 The surface light source using the coupling shown in Figure 3, can be seen from FIG. 3, a pair of external electrodes 6 are disposed left and right sides of the light emitting surface or the upper surface 4 of the upper and lower side surfaces 4. 这一对面状电极可以做成和该面光源玻壳熔融一体的金属电极,其制造工艺方法是:在电极面用涂覆金属的化合物经高温化学反应并烧结的工艺制作方法,由涂覆金属的化合物经高温化学反应并烧结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的金属电极。 The planar electrodes may be made of a metal electrode and the surface light source bulb integrally melted, the manufacturing process is: an electrode surface coated with a metal compound by a chemical reaction and high temperature sintering process recipe, a coated metal the high temperature chemical compound and a metal electrode is sintered integrally with the molten material of the surface light bulb. 该面光源玻壳熔融一体的金属电极,包括各种金属的电极,其中较好的是导电性能良好的金属电极,如银的、铜的、铝的电极等。 The metal electrode is integrally melted surface light source bulb, comprising electrodes of various metals, which are preferably good conductivity metal electrodes, such as silver, copper, aluminum electrodes. 所述的涂覆的金属化合物如有氧化银、氧化铜、氧化铝、氧化锰、氧化铋、硼酸铅等,它们都是公知公用、市售产品。 The coated metal compound if silver oxide, copper oxide, aluminum oxide, manganese oxide, bismuth oxide, lead borate, which are known and commercially available products. 如要做银的、或银的合金电极,就应该针对银的、或银的合金电极选择其中实用的几种涂覆的金属化合物使用。 As do silver or silver alloy electrode should be selected wherein the coated several practical for silver or silver alloy electrode using a metal compound. 把电极做成与该面光源玻壳熔融一体的金属电极或金属合金电极,使电极和面光源玻壳熔融一体,则电极和该气体放电面光源联接的牢固性、可靠性较高。 The electrode is an electrode made of a metal or metal alloy electrode integral with the molten surface light source bulb, and the electrode is integrally melted surface light source bulb, the gas discharge electrode and the surface light source strongly coupled, high reliability. 该例的气体放电面光源的特点之四是:该例气体放电面光源的驱动电源是与其负载(该面光源) 固有振荡频率匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源。 The embodiment of the gas discharge characteristics of the surface light source is four: the embodiment the gas discharge source is a surface light source driving a load thereto (the surface light source) matching the resonant frequency of the natural oscillation frequency, high voltage power electronic drive. 所述的该面光源固有振荡频率,是指每个气体放电面光源等效于一个电容器,两电极是该灯电容器的两极板,面光源内的放电气体等是电容器的介质,该面光源的具体结构完全等效于一个电容器C,并且有它固有的C值和固有振荡频率。 The surface light source of the natural oscillation frequency, each of the gas discharge means is a surface light source is equivalent to a capacitor, two electrodes are capacitor plates of the lamp, the discharge gas in the surface light source is a dielectric capacitor, the surface light source it is exactly equivalent to a specific configuration of a capacitor C, and C has its inherent value and a specific oscillation frequency. 该面光源的电子驱动电源如果能和该面光源固有的电容器C值和固有振荡频率相匹配,使两者达到相互匹配,在谐振情况下驱动供电,必然是供电和驱动效果最好的,也是最节能的,还能有效消除光源或灯光的闪烁等不稳定现象。 The surface light source power electronic drive can be matched if the capacitor C and the intrinsic value of the surface light source and the natural oscillation frequency, so that the two match each other to achieve the drive power supply in case of resonance, and the driving power must be the best, but also most energy-efficient, but also to effectively eliminate light source such as a flicker or instability. 该例面光源的电子驱动电源的结构方框图由图4示出。 The driving power source of the electronic structure of the surface light source is shown by a block diagram in FIG. 4. 该面光源的电子驱动电源由整流电路11、滤波电路12、振荡电路13、保护电路17、逆变电路-推挽与匹配驱动电路14、升压与谐振电路15、输出电路16及其输出端组成。 Electronic drive power of the surface light source 11 by the rectifier circuit, a filter circuit 12, an oscillation circuit 13, protection circuit 17, an inverter circuit --14, and boost 15, output circuit 16 and the output terminal of the matching push-pull driver circuit with a resonance circuit composition. 其中推挽与匹配驱动电路14和升压与谐振电路15设计成相互匹配又谐振的是该项技术的关键内容。 Wherein the matching push-pull driving circuit 14 and the boost with the resonant circuit 15 are designed to match each other and the resonator is a key component of the technology. 驱动电源的输出电路16的一对输出端分别与该气体放电面光源一对面电极6联接一起。 Power output circuit 16 driving a pair of output terminals are discharged with the gas across the surface of a source electrode 6 coupled together. 以上所述的高频、高压驱动电源也是公开公知技术,高频范围如20〜400KC,高压范围如500〜3000V等,不必多述。 The above-described high frequency, high voltage driving power source is a known technique disclosed, such as a high frequency range 20~400KC, such as high pressure range 500~3000V like, do not have to be described later. 该例面光源的电子驱动电源的具体结构如图5所示。 Specific structure of the electronic driving power source of the surface light source of the embodiment shown in FIG. 在图5中:Pl与P2为交流电源端,如是电源插头,联接市电网络10 供电。 In FIG. 5: Pl and P2 of the AC power supply terminal, the power plug case, the power supply 10 is coupled mains supply network. P3与P4为高频、高压输出端,分别联接在图3的电源线7上,再联接面光源两端的外电极6,19是地端。 P3 and P4 to a high frequency, high voltage output, respectively, coupled to the power supply line 3 of FIG. 7, then the outer electrode is coupled across the surface light source is a ground terminal 6,19. 由四个二极管Dl〜D4组成全桥整流电路11,由二极管D5、D6作双稳压电路。 Consisting of four diodes Dl~D4 full bridge rectifier circuit 11, the diodes D5, D6 for the dual voltage regulator circuit. 以三极管Ql与Q2为主构成双推挽(全波正负半周)高频振荡电路13,它们分别是三极管Q1、电容C3与压变压器Bl之电感L78、电容Cl与变压器Bl之电感L12为一个高频振荡电路,和三极管Q2、电容C4与压变压器Bl之电感L56、电容C2与压变压器Bl电感L12为另一个高频振荡电路,Bl是升压变压器,Bl之线圈L12为初级、线圈L34是次级,其高频高压由P3与P4两端输给该面光源的两外电极6,电容C5与二极管D9组成消杂或消躁电路,由三极管Q1、电感L78和三极管Q2、电感L56组成推挽与匹配驱动电路14,由升压变压器Bl (包括初级线圈L12、次级线圈L34)为主构成升压与谐振电路15,次级线圈L34和联接在P3与P4端的该面光源构成输出电路16,这些电路均装置在电路板上。 Transistor Ql and Q2 to constitute a double main push-pull (positive and negative half cycle full-wave) high-frequency oscillation circuit 13, which are transistor Q1, capacitor C3 and inductor L78 of the voltage transformer Bl, Bl of the capacitor Cl and inductor L12 of the transformer as a frequency oscillating circuit, and the transistor Q2, capacitor C4 and the inductor L56 of the voltage transformer Bl, Bl capacitor C2 and the inductor L12-voltage transformer another frequency oscillating circuit, a step-up transformer Bl, Bl of the primary coil L12, coil L34 is a secondary, outer two electrodes by a high-frequency high voltage lost ends P3 and P4 of the surface light source 6, a capacitor C5 and diode D9 or matte ankle composition Stray circuit, by the transistor Q1, the inductor L78 and the transistor Q2, the inductor L56 composition matching push-pull driver circuit 14, a step-up transformer Bl (comprising a primary coil L12, a secondary coil L34) and the resonance circuit mainly composed of the booster 15, and the secondary coil L34 is coupled at the end of the surface light source P3 and P4 constituting output circuit 16, these circuits are devices on the circuit board. 上述图5中的各电路以及未述的各电路与各器件都属公知的技术内容,不必多叙。 Are considered well-known in the art contents of each circuit in FIG. 5, and each circuit of each of said devices is not, needless to classification. 要说明的是:在图5 中由可调电容C3和电容C4及该例面光源(该面光源的具体结构完全等效于一个电容器C, 并且有它固有的C值和固有振荡频率)等效电容C构成相互匹配又谐振的与其负载(该面光源)固有振荡频率匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源。 It is noted that: in FIG. 5 by adjustable capacitor C3 and capacitor C4 and a surface light source of the embodiment (the specific configuration of the surface light source is precisely equivalent to a capacitor C, a C and has its inherent value and intrinsic oscillation frequency), etc. constituting a high-frequency equivalent capacitance C and resonance matched to its load (surface light source) matching the resonant frequency of the natural oscillation, the high voltage power electronic drive. 针对该例面光源结构的具体电容值C和可调电容C3和电容C4值,便可设计成能与其负载(该面光源)匹配谐振的高频、 高压电子驱动电源。 Specific capacitance value C and a tunable capacitor C3 and capacitor C4 to the value of the surface light source structure of the embodiment, can be designed to load with its high frequency energy (surface light source) matching resonance, high voltage power electronic drive. 该例的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源工作过程如下:按图3把该面光源联接安装好,以图5之电路组成的高频(该例选择270KC)、高压(该例选择2000V)电源8通过电源线7接至该面光源的一对外电极6上,开启电源开关9工作时,高频、高压在两电极6间的该面光源腔体5中产生电磁场,电磁场致使该面光源腔体5中的惰性气体电离,如产生了波长为147nm的紫外光电磁辐射,激发该面光源腔体5内壁上的三基色的荧光粉发出可见光。 The embodiment of the electrode without long-lived highly efficient mercury gas discharge surface light source works as follows: in Figure 3 installed surface light source coupled to the high-frequency component of the circuit of Figure 5 (in this example selection 270KC), high pressure (the Example select 2000V) by the power supply 8 connected to the power supply line 7 to a surface light source of external electrodes 6, when the power switch is turned work 9, high frequency, high voltage generates an electromagnetic field, the two electrodes of the field surface light source chamber 56 between the the inert gas is ionized so that the surface light source chamber 5, such as to generate electromagnetic radiation having a wavelength of 147nm UV light, the three primary excitation on the inner wall 5 of the cavity surface light source phosphors emit visible light. 该例的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源可以做成LCD 背光源(液晶、电视、笔记本电脑的背光源)、大屏幕面光源、装饰、灯箱、广告、招牌、照明等新光源,满足人们的种种照明需要。 The embodiment of the electrodeless mercury-free gas discharge high performance and long life can be made the surface light source backlight LCD (liquid crystal television, a laptop backlight), large screen surface light source, decorative, light boxes, advertisements, signs, and other lighting new a light source to meet people's needs for various lighting.

[0034] 实施例二.无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源 [0034] Example II. No internal electrodes mercury high efficiency and long life gas discharge surface light source

[0035] 本例的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源的又一具体结构如图1〜图4 及图6共同示出,与实施例一不同的是:1.该例面光源对应的两个发光面1、2的二维面可以是相互平行的、或是同曲率等间距的,两发光面1、2的间距为0. 5mm、或1mm、或3mm等。 [0035] The present embodiment is the mercury-free electrodeless high efficiency and long life gas discharge surface light source according to still another specific configuration in FIG. 1 ~ 4 and 6 collectively show, the first embodiment except that: 1. The surface of Example two two-dimensional plane corresponding to the light emitting surfaces 1 and 2 may be parallel to each other, or spaced the same curvature, spacing of two light-emitting surface 1 is 0. 5mm, and the like, or 1mm, or 3mm. 关于两平面相互平行、或是两曲面同曲率等间距的内容也是公知的技术内容,不必多叙。 Technical details about two planes parallel to each other, or the two surfaces of the same pitch content curvature is known, do not have to classification. 2.该例的面光源其一对外置电极6分别设置在两发光面上下两侧面4上,这一对面状电极可以做成和该面光源玻壳熔融一体的金属合金电极。 Example 2. The surface light source of one of the external electrodes 6 are provided on both side surfaces of the two light-emitting surface 4, and the opposite electrode can be made of metal alloy electrode and the molten surface light source bulb integrally. 其制造工艺方法同于实施例一中所述的, 但是其电极是金属合金电极,这些金属合金电极,包括各种金属的合金电极,其中较好的是导电性能良好的金属合金电极,如银的、铜的、铝的各种合金电极等。 The manufacturing process for the same in the embodiment of example 1, but the electrode is a metal alloy electrodes, electrodes alloys of these metals, including alloys of various metals electrode, wherein the good conductive properties is preferably a metal alloy electrodes, such as silver of copper, aluminum, various alloys electrodes. 如要做银的合金电极, 对涂覆的金属化合物如何选择呢? The silver alloy electrode to be done, how the coating of the metal compound choice? 如应该针对银的合金电极选择其中实用的几种涂覆的金属化合物使用。 The coating should be selected in which several practical for the silver alloy electrode using a metal compound. 3.在荧光粉3中添加的光倍增剂有机电致发光材料可以是两种、或三种、 或七种、或九种,其使用总量为荧光粉总使用量的0.2%、或0.8%、或5%、或8%、或10% 等。 3. Phosphor 3 photomultiplier agent added organic electroluminescent material may be two, or three, or seven, at or nine kinds, using a total of 0.2% of the total amount of the phosphors, or 0.8 %, or 5%, or 8%, 10%, or the like. 4.该例面光源的密封发光腔体5中装置的无汞放电惰性气体可以在氦、氖、氩、氪、氙中作选择,例如:氪掺氙的组合配比的选择量为:氪比氙大三个数量级(0. 1〜9. 9) X IO3, 如括号中的值还可选取0. 3、或0. 5、或0. 8、或1、或1. 5、或2、或3、或4、或5、或6、或7、或8、或9等。 4. The light emitting sealed cavity 5 in this embodiment of the surface light source device of the mercury-free discharge in the inert gas may be selected as helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, for example: a selected amount of krypton xenon-doped composition ratio of: krypton xenon than three orders of magnitude (0. 1~9. 9) X IO3, as values ​​in brackets may be selected 0.3, or 0.5, or 0.8, or 1, or 1.5, or 2 or 3, or 4, or 5, or 6, or 7, or 8, 9, or the like. 选择氦、氖、氩的一种乃至三种,它们的选择量占该面光源放电惰性气体总量的0〜99%,单种时选择量占该面光源放电惰性气体总量的95〜99% ;两种或三种时它们的选择量占该面光源放电惰性气体总量的0〜99%。 Select helium, neon, argon three kinds of even one kind, their choice is the total amount of 0~99% of the inert gas discharge surface light source, to select the total amount 95~99 inert gas discharge surface light source when a single %; when two kinds or three thereof selected discharge amount of the surface light source 0~99% of the total amount of inert gas. 氦、氖、氩和氪的组合配比的选择量为:氦、氖、氩的总量比氪大两个数量级(0. 1〜9. 9) X 102,如括号中的值还可选取0. 3、或0. 5、 或0.8、或1、或1. 5、或2、或3、或4、或5、或6、或7、或8、或9等。 A selected amount of helium, neon, combinations, argon and krypton as the ratio: total helium, neon, argon, krypton than two orders of magnitude (. 0. 1~9 9) X 102, as the values ​​in brackets may be selected 0.3, or 0.5, or 0.8, or 1, or 1.5, or 2, or 3, or 4, or 5, or 6, or 7, or 8, or 9 or the like. 但各惰性气体氦、氖、氩、 氪、氙在该面光源的使用总量须满足100%。 However, using each of the total amount of the inert gas helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, in the surface light source must satisfy 100%. 还须指出:各惰性气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙均须是高纯度的。 Must be noted: each of an inert gas as helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, it must be of high purity. 如高纯度选择其纯度达五个九(99.999%)。 The high purity of selected five nines purity (99.999%). 5.该例气体放电面光源的驱动电源同样是能与其负载(该面光源)固有振荡频率匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源。 Example 5. The high-frequency gas discharge surface light source driving power can likewise its load (surface light source) matching the resonant frequency of the natural oscillation, the high voltage power electronic drive. 该例面光源的电子驱动电源电路原理图为图6,图中:P1与P2为交流电源端,由二极管D1〜 D4组成全桥整流电路11,由电容C1为主构成滤波电路12,由电感Li、L3、L5〜L7、电容C3、场效应管仏力2等构成振荡电路13、逆变电路-推挽驱动电路14,经电容C4滤波整形后,由升压电路15 (以变压器B1〜化和电感L1〜L4、L7为主构成)经其输电路16联接并驱动负载&(即该例的面光源)工作,虚线的R 'e示意可再加有的负载面光源。 Electronic driving power supply circuit schematics of the embodiment of a surface light source of FIG. 6, FIG: P1 and P2 of the AC power supply terminal, a diode consisting D1~ D4 full bridge rectifier circuit 11, a main filter circuit 12 composed of a capacitor C1, inductor li, L3, L5~L7, capacitor C3, MOSFET force Fo 2 like the oscillation circuit 13, an inverter circuit - a push-pull driver circuit 14, after shaping filter capacitor C4, the booster circuit 15 (the transformer B1~ and inductance L1~L4, L7 constituted mainly) via the output circuit 16 which is coupled to drive a load & (i.e., a surface light source of this example) work, a broken line R 'e schematically a surface light source can be combined with any load. 逆变电路14的振荡频率为20KC、或30KC,升压电路15输出高压为1KV、或1. 5KV。 The oscillation frequency of the inverter circuit 14 is 20KC, or 30KC, the booster circuit 15 outputs high voltage to 1KV, or 1. 5KV. 另由可控硅Gl3、双向二极管D、电阻&与&、光敏电阻MGR、LED发光二极管等组成停振保护电路17,以防止负载面光源急剧变化,出现停振无高压输出情况,从而保护整个电源电路和面光源灯具的安全。 Another Gl3 a thyristor, a bidirectional diode D, and resistor & &, photoresistor MGR, LED light-emitting diodes and other components protection circuit 17 stops oscillation to prevent rapid changes in load surface light source, no high voltage output stop vibration occurs, thus protecting the whole and a surface light source lamp power supply circuit safety. 要说明的是:该面光源电子驱动电源的推挽与匹配驱动电路14、升压与谐振电路15的阻、容、感电路参数跟踪匹配形成谐振电子电路结构,具体地说:在图6中由可调电感L3、L7和电感L2、L4及该例面光源RC(等效于一个电容器C)的固有C值(甚至可再加负载面光源R 'c, 有等效一个电容C ')匹配谐振,也即是该面光源的固有的电容器C值(C或加C)和电感L2、L4组成的升压与谐振、输出电路的阻、容、感电路参数,须与推挽与匹配驱动电路的可调电感L3、L7等的阻、容、感电路参数相互跟踪匹配,形成谐振的电子电路结构。 It is noted that: the surface light source drive electronics 14, and the matching resistance of a push-pull power driver circuit of the voltage resonance circuit 15, receiving, tracking and matching parameter sensing circuit form a resonant electronic circuit structure, in particular: 6 in FIG. by an adjustable inductor L3, L7 and an inductor L2, L4, and the surface light source in Example C RC intrinsic value (equivalent to a capacitor C) is (even surface light source coupled with the load R 'c, there is an equivalent capacitance C') match resonator, that is, the resonant boosting resistance, the output circuit of the inherent value of the capacitor C of the surface light source (plus C or C) and an inductor L2, L4 composition, content, sense circuit parameters to be matched with a push-pull the tunable inductor L3 driving circuit, L7 like resistance, capacitance, matching the sense circuit parameters track each other, forming an electronic circuit configuration of the resonance. 针对该例面光源结构的具体电容值C和可调电感L3、L7和电感L2、L4值,便可设计成能与其负载(该面光源)匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源。 And specific capacitance value C of the variable inductor L3 embodiment of the surface light source structure, L7 and an inductor L2, L4 values, can be designed to load with its high frequency energy (surface light source) matching resonance, high voltage power electronic drive. 6.该例的面光源的发光腔体5上对应的两个发光面中之一(如背面幻可以是对外不透光的,该对外不透光面2是由不透光材料构成的。如是由不透光材料陶瓷、搪瓷、金属、塑料等以及它们的组合或复合材料构成的。便可形成单面发光的面光源。单面发光的面光源可做面形背光源、空心的圆柱面光源、或空心的球面光源等。总之,该例的面光源可做LCD背光源(液晶电视、笔记本电脑的背光源)等、 或空心的圆柱面光源与球面光源等。其余未述的全同于实施例一中所述的,不再重述。 One of the two corresponding light-emitting surface on the light emitting surface 6. The cavity 5 of the embodiment of the light source (e.g., the back surface may be a magic opaque outside, the outside surface 2 is made opaque opaque material. if it consists of opaque materials such as ceramics, enamel, metal, plastic or the like, and combinations thereof made of a composite material. sided light emission can be formed in a surface light source. sided light emitting surface of the backlight do surface shape, a hollow cylinder the whole cylindrical surface light source the surface light source, or hollow spherical light source. in summary, the embodiment of the surface light source do LCD backlight (LCD TV, laptop backlight) and the like, or hollow spherical light source. the remaining unstated the same in the embodiment example 1, are not repeated.

[0036] 实施例三.无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源 [0036] Example III. No internal electrodes mercury high efficiency and long life gas discharge surface light source

[0037] 本例的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源的又一具体结构如图1〜图4 及图7共同示出,与实施例一、实施例二不同的是:1.该例面光源对应的两个发光面1、2的二维面可以是任意二维面状的,即其发光面是任意面状的,这也是公知的技术内容,不必多叙,两发光面1、2的间距为0. 8mm、或1. 5mm、或5mm等;2.该例的面光源的一对面状电极可以做成和该面光源玻壳熔融一体的金属电极。 [0037] no internal electrode of the present embodiment of the high efficiency long-life mercury gas discharge surface light source according to still another specific configuration in FIG. 1 ~ 4 and 7 collectively illustrate, in Embodiment 1, according to the second embodiment except that: 1 the embodiment of the two-dimensional plane corresponding to a surface light source emitting two surfaces 1 and 2 can be any two-dimensional plane-like, i.e., any light-emitting surface is planar, this content is also known in the art, needless classification, two light emitting pitch surfaces 1 and 2 is 0. 8mm, or 1. 5mm, 5mm, or the like;. 2 embodiment of the planar electrodes may be made of the surface light source metal electrode and the surface light source bulb integrally melted. 其制造工艺方法是:采用经真空镀并加温淀结成与该灯玻壳体熔融一体的金属银、或铝的电极。 Its manufacturing process is: plated using vacuum and heated to form a precipitate of the lamp bulb and integral body of molten metal silver, or aluminum electrodes. 其中金属真空镀工艺技术是公知公用的成熟技术,加温淀结的温度是使真空镀的金属形成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的温度。 Wherein the metal vacuum deposition technology is known and mature technology, the junction temperature heating starch melt is formed integrally with the body of the light bulb surface temperature of the vacuum-plated metal. 采用银、或铝的电极其导电性能是较好的。 Silver, or aluminum to which conductivity is preferred. 3.在该例面光源的荧光粉3中添加的光倍增剂有机电致发光材料,其使用总量为荧光粉总使用量的4%、或9%、或12%、或15%、或18% 等。 3. In this example, a photomultiplier agent phosphor surface light source 3 is added an organic electroluminescent material, using a total of 4% of the total amount of the phosphors, or 9%, or 12%, or 15%, or 18% and so on. 4.该例面光源的密封发光腔体5中装置的无汞放电惰性气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙均须是高纯度的。 Emitting mercury sealed cavity 5 Example 4. The surface light source device of the discharge inert helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, must be of high purity. 如高纯度选择其纯度达六个九(99.9999%)。 The high purity of selected six nine purity (99.9999%). 5.该例气体放电面光源的驱动电源同样是能与其负载(该面光源)固有振荡频率匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源。 Example 5. The high-frequency gas discharge surface light source driving power can likewise its load (surface light source) matching the resonant frequency of the natural oscillation, the high voltage power electronic drive. 该例面光源的电子驱动电源电路原理图为图7,图中:P1与P2为交流电源端,由二极管D1〜D4 组成全桥整流电路11,由电容C2、C3为主构成滤波电路12,由IC1集成电路芯片为主构成振荡电路13,由集成电路片ICp电感L1〜L3和场效应管Q1A2等构成逆变电路-推挽驱动电路14,由变压器化和电感线圈L6、L7等构成升压电路15,其电感输L7经出端P3与P4联接负载(该例的面光源)形成输出电路16。 Electronic driving power supply circuit schematics of the embodiment of the surface light source of FIG. 7, FIG: P1 and P2 of the AC power supply terminal, a diode full bridge rectifier circuit composed D1~D4 11, dominated by the capacitor C2, C3 constituting the filter circuit 12, an integrated circuit chip IC1 constitutes a main oscillation circuit 13, an integrated circuit chip inductor L1~L3 ICp Q1A2 and FET inverter circuit or the like - a push-pull driver circuit 14, the transformer and inductor L6, L7 like liters dividing circuit 15, the inductance L7 via the output terminal P3 and P4 coupled to a load (a surface light source in this example) the output circuit 16 is formed. 由IC2智能集成电路芯片为主构成该例面光源电子驱动电源的推挽与匹配驱动电路14和升压与谐振电路15形成的自动匹配、自调谐振的电子电路,它同样是通过电感“丄5和该例面光源的具体结构(完全等效于一个电容器)电容C值进行自动跟踪匹配、自调谐振,实现该例面光源驱动电源的推挽与匹配驱动电路14、 升压与谐振电路15自动匹配、自调谐振功能的。该电路中的IC2智能化集成电路芯片如是NEC567等,具有可擦、写、读的固化软件、锁相及存储功能等。凡是能完成或智能化集成电路芯片功能的IC2均可用来设计与使用,这种智能化集成电路芯片完全可采用公知公用、市售产品,没有特殊的要求。由可控硅叫和电阻&、&等为主构成保护电路17,该例的面光源的振荡频率为100KC、或300KC,升压电路15输出高压为1. 3KV、或2. 5KV。6.该例的面光源的发光腔体5上对 Dominated by smart integrated circuit chip IC2 constituting the surface light source 14 of the embodiment automatically match the electronic drive power matching push-pull drive circuit and a booster circuit 15 and the resonance is formed, self-adjusting resonant electronic circuit, which is also through the inductor "Shang 5 embodiment and the specific configuration of the surface light source (equivalent to a capacitor fully) automatic tracking capacitance values ​​C match, adaptive resonance, implementing the embodiment of the surface light source driving power source and the matching push-pull driver circuit 14, the resonant circuit boosting and 15 automatic matching, self-adjusting function of the resonant this circuit IC2 case NEC567 intelligent integrated circuit chip, etc., with an erasable, write, read the firmware, and memory lock function. Any intelligent integrated circuit or to complete chip IC2 function may be used to design and use, the intelligent integrated circuit chip can be fully known and commercially available products, no special requirements is called a thyristor and resistor &, & like a protection circuit 17 composed mainly , the oscillation frequency of the surface light source of this example is 100KC, or 300KC, the booster circuit 15 outputs high voltage for the 1. 3KV, or 2. 5KV.6. emitting cavity 5 of the embodiment of the surface light source 的两个发光面中之一(如背面幻是对外不透光的,该对外不透光面2则是在该对外不透光面2内壁与荧光粉层3间、或对外不透光面2内壁与反射紫外光层间(可以有反射紫外光层)设置有反光材料层,所述的反光的材料层均可采用公知公用、 市售的这类材料产品,其制造工艺也可采用气体放电面光源或灯的现有公知公用技术去实现。其余未述的全同于实施例一中、实施例二中所述的,不再重述。 One (backside two magic outside the light emitting surface is opaque, the inner wall 2 and the phosphor layer 2 is 3, or the external surface of outer opaque opaque opaque surface of the outside surface between the inner wall 2 and the reflective layer, ultraviolet light (ultraviolet light may be a reflective layer) is provided with a layer of reflective material, the reflective material layer may use known and commercially available products of such materials, the manufacturing process gases may also be employed a surface light source or discharge lamp is known and conventional technology to achieve. identical in embodiment to rest in a non-described embodiment, the Example II embodiment are not repeated here.

[0038] 实施例四.无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源 [0038] Example IV. No internal electrodes mercury high efficiency and long life gas discharge surface light source

[0039] 本例的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源的大体结构如图1〜图7共同示出,与实施例一、实施例二、实施例三不同的是:1.该例面光源的两发光面1、2的间距为0. 4mm、或2. 5mm、或8mm、或8mm以上等。 [0039] In the present embodiment in a mercury-free electrodeless high efficiency and long life of the gas discharge surface light source substantially common structure shown in Figure 1 ~ Figure 7 shows, in Embodiment 1, Embodiment 2 according to a third embodiment except that: a. two light emitting surface of the surface light source of the embodiment 1, the pitch is 0. 4mm, or 2. 5mm, or 8mm, 8mm or more and the like. 2.该例的面光源的一对面状电极可以做成和该面光源玻壳熔融一体的金属合金电极。 2. The embodiment of the planar electrodes may be made of the surface light source the surface light source bulb and integral molten metal alloy electrode. 其制造工艺方法同于实施例三之2.中所述的,关于金属合金电极选择以银、或铜、或铝的合金电极,它们的导电性能是较好的。 Process for manufacturing the same in which, on a metal alloy selected electrodes of silver, or copper, or aluminum alloy electrode described in Example 2. The three embodiments, the conductive properties thereof are preferred. 3.在荧光粉3中添加的光倍增剂有机电致发光材料,其使用总量为荧光粉总使用量的20%、或25%、或30%、或35%、或40%等。 3. Phosphor 3 photomultiplier agent added organic electroluminescent material, using a total of 20% of the total amount of the phosphors, or 25%, or 30%, or 35%, 40%, or the like. 4.该例面光源的密封发光腔体5中装置的无汞放电惰性气体氦、 氖、氩、氪、氙均须是高纯度的。 Emitting mercury sealed cavity 5 Example 4. The surface light source device of the discharge inert helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, must be of high purity. 如高纯度选择光谱纯的。 The high spectral purity of selected pure. 5.为了获得高效能发光结果,该气体放电面光源的壳体内壁上可设置有反射紫外光层,该层之上是荧光粉层。 5. In order to obtain high efficiency light emission results, may be provided on the housing inner wall surface of the gas discharge light source of ultraviolet light reflective layer, the layer is a phosphor layer above. 所述的反射紫外光层的材料均可采用公知公用、市售的这类材料产品,其制造工艺也可采用气体放电面光源或灯的现有公知公用技术去实现。 The material of the ultraviolet reflecting layer may be employed known and commercially available products of such materials, the manufacturing process may be employed conventional techniques known and a surface light source or gas discharge lamp to achieve. 6.该例气体放电面光源的驱动电源同样是能与其负载(该面光源)固有振荡频率匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源。 Example 6. The gas discharge surface light source driving power can likewise its load (surface light source) matching the resonant frequency of the natural oscillation frequency, high voltage power electronic drive. 所述的该气体放电面光源的电子驱动电源的各功能电路均可用公知的技术设计和实现,只要能完成或实现其电子驱动电源各电路之功能均可采用。 The functional electronic circuit of the driving power of the gas discharge surface light source can be designed and implemented with well-known techniques, as long as complete or realizing the functions of electronic circuits that drive power can be used. 而且该电子驱动电源的各电路所用的电子元器件,完全可用其它电子元器件替代,只要采用的其它电子元器件能完成或实现其各电路功能的均可使用。 Each of the electronic circuit and a driving power source used in electronic components, other electronic components fully available alternatives, as long as other electronic components used to complete the respective circuits or to achieve its function can be used. 其余未述的全同于实施例一中、实施例二中、实施例三中所述的,不再多述。 All the rest is not the same in the embodiment described later in an embodiment, the second embodiment of, three in the Example, to repeat.

Claims (8)

1. 一种无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,该面光源的密封发光腔体上具有或呈现有对应的两个二维面状的对外透光的发光面,它的发光腔体内壁设置有荧光粉而无内电极,发光腔体内密封装置有无汞的放电惰性气体,且其一对外置面电极分别设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上,所述的该气体放电面光源发光腔体内壁上的荧光粉中均勻添加有光倍增剂——有机电致发光材料;所述的该气体放电面光源的荧光粉中添加的光倍增剂——有机电致发光材料是有机电致发光材料中的至少一种;所述的该气体放电面光源的荧光粉中添加的光倍增剂——有机电致发光材料使用量为荧光粉总使用量的0. 1〜50% ;特征在于:所述的该气体放电面光源发光腔体外设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上的一对电极是由涂覆金属的化合物经高温 An inner electrode mercury-free high performance and long life gas discharge surface light source having a light emitting surface exhibits two or two-dimensional plane shape corresponding to the external light-transmissive sealed cavity of the light emitting surface of the light source, its emission chamber wall is provided with phosphor without inner electrodes, the mercury emission chamber sealing means the presence or absence of an inert gas discharge, and one pair of external electrodes provided on the surface or both sides of the upper and lower surfaces of the left and right sides of the light emitting surface, the phosphors emitting light cavity inner wall of the gas discharge surface agent added uniformly multiplying the light - an organic electroluminescent material; photomultiplier agent gas discharge phosphor according to the surface light source is added - organic electroluminescent material is an organic electroluminescence at least one luminescent material; photomultiplier agent according to the phosphor surface of the gas discharge source added - organic electroluminescent light emitting material used in an amount of 0 total amount of phosphor. 1~50%; wherein: the light-emitting surface outside the chamber of the gas discharge light source a pair of electrodes disposed on the left and right both sides of the light emitting surface or surfaces of the upper and lower sides by the high temperature of the coating metal compound 学反应并烧结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的金属电极或金属合金电极。 Chemical reaction and sintered into a metal or metal alloy electrode and the source electrode is integrally melted the surface of the bulb body.
2.根据权利要求1所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,特征在于:a.所述的该气体放电面光源的驱动电源是与其负载——该面光源固有振荡频率匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源,该电子驱动电源由整流与滤波电路、振荡电路、保护电路、 逆变电路-推挽与匹配驱动电路、升压与谐振电路及其输出电路组成;该输出电路的一对输出端分别与该气体放电面光源一对电极联接一起;b.所述的该面光源发光腔体内充有的放电气 体--隋性气体的组合配比是选择低电激活能下的佳化组合配比,其中首先在氪掺氙的佳化组合配比上作选择,其次在氦、氖、氩一种乃至三种佳化组合配比上作选择,还有在前两种选择结果的佳化组合配比上再选择, 最后得出的关于氦、氖、氩、氪、氙佳化组合配比即是该面光源放电惰性气体在低电激活能下的佳化组合 2. The free inner electrode according to claim 1 high efficiency and long life of mercury-free gas discharge surface light source, wherein: a gas discharge according to the driving power source is a surface light source and its load - natural oscillation frequency of the surface light source matching the resonance frequency, high-voltage electronic power supply, the electronic drive power by the rectifier and filter circuit, an oscillation circuit, a protection circuit, the inverter circuit - the matching push-pull driving circuit, a booster circuit and the resonant output circuit; the a pair of output terminal of the output circuit, respectively, with the gas discharge surface light source coupled with a pair of electrodes; b. at the plane light source charged in the discharge gas within the cavity - the ratio of inert gas composition is to choose a low electrical activation. the combination of the good energy ratio, wherein in the first selection for krypton xenon-doped combination of good ratio, followed by selection on as helium, neon, argon, and the one kind of the three kinds of good combination ratio, as well as the front best results of the two options on the composition ratio and select, on the conclusion that helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, good composition ratio of the surface light source that is an inert gas discharge activation energy of the good at the low combination 配比;c.所述的该面光源的密封发光腔体上对应的两个发光面均是二维平面状的或曲面状的。 Ratio;. C corresponding to the two light emitting surface of the seal cavity of the light emitting surface of the light source are two-dimensional planar or curved.
3.根据权利要求2所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,特征在于:a.所述的该气体放电面光源发光腔体外设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上的一对电极是经真空镀并加温淀结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的金属电极或金属合金电极;b.所述的该气体放电面光源电子驱动电源的推挽与匹配驱动电路、升压与谐振电路的阻、容、感电路参数跟踪匹配形成谐振电子电路结构;c.所述的该气体放电面光源放电惰性气体在低电激活能下的优化组合配比是:氪掺氙的优化组合配比的选择量为:氪比氙大两〜三个数量级;氦、氖、氩和氪的优化组合配比的选择量为:氦、氖、氩的总量比氪大一〜两个数量级;氦、氖、氩的选择量占该面光源放电惰性气体总量的0〜99% ;但惰性气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙在该面光源的使用总量须满足100%。 3. None of the internal electrode according to claim 2, high efficiency and long life of mercury-free gas discharge surface light source comprising:. A luminescent outside the chamber according to the gas discharge surface light source disposed on both sides of left and right or up and down two light emitting surface a pair of electrodes on both sides is plated surface and form a precipitate heating the surface of the light bulb body integrally by vacuum melting the metal electrode or a metal alloy electrode; b. at the gas discharge surface light source driving power of the electronic push-pull. matching barrier driving circuit, and the resonant circuit boosting, volume, track parameters match sense circuit form a resonant electronic circuit structure; C according to the discharge gas discharge surface light source optimized combination of an inert gas at low activation energy ratio. is: a selected amount of xenon, krypton doped optimal combination ratio for: - two large krypton xenon than three orders of magnitude; optimal combination selected amount of helium, neon, argon and krypton as the ratio of: helium, neon, argon total ~ krypton freshman than two orders of magnitude; helium, neon, argon selecting discharge amount of the surface light source 0~99% of total inert gas; however, inert gases, helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon used in the surface light source the total amount of 100% to be met.
4.根据权利要求2所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,特征在于:a.所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面的二维面是相互平行的、或是同曲率等间距的;b.所述的该气体放电面光源发光腔体外设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上的一对电极是由涂覆金属的化合物经高温化学反应并烧结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的银、或铜、或铝的电极以及银、或铜、或铝的合金电极;c.所述的该气体放电面光源电子驱动电源的推挽与匹配驱动电路、升压与谐振电路是自动匹配、自调谐振的电子电路,该电路中有智能化集成电路芯片。 The no internal electrode according to claim 2 high efficiency and long life mercury gas discharge surface light source, characterized in that: on a light emitting surface of the light source chamber of a two-dimensional plane corresponding to the two light emitting surface is parallel to each other, or spaced the same curvature;. b of the light-emitting surface outside the chamber of the gas discharge light source a pair of electrodes disposed on the left and right both sides of the light emitting surface or surfaces of the upper and lower sides is coated by a metal compound alloy electrode by high temperature chemical reactions and sintered into a molten light bulb integral with the body surface of the silver, or copper, or aluminum, and silver electrodes, or copper, or aluminum; C according to the gas discharge surface light source drive electronics. power matching push-pull driver circuit, the resonant circuit boosting the automatic matching, self-adjusting electronic resonance circuit, the circuit has an integrated circuit chip intelligence.
5.根据权利要求2所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,特征在于:a.所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面的间距应大于0. Imm ;b.所述的该气体放电面光源发光腔体外设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上的一对电极是经真空镀并高温淀结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的的银、或铝的电极以及银、或铜、或铝的合金电极;c.所述的该气体放电面光源优化选择的惰性气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙均须是高纯度的。 The no internal electrode according to claim 2 high efficiency and long life mercury gas discharge surface light source comprising:. A distance corresponding to two light-emitting surface of the cavity of the light emitting surface should be greater than 0 . Imm;. b of the light-emitting surface outside the chamber of the gas discharge light source a pair of electrodes disposed on the left and right both sides of the light emitting surface or surfaces of the upper and lower sides of vacuum-plated high temperature and precipitate formed body and the light bulb surface integral molten silver, or aluminum, and silver electrodes, or copper, or aluminum alloy electrode;. c the surface light source of the gas discharge optimization of inert gases helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, shall be high purity.
6.根据权利要求2所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,特征在于:a.所述的该气体放电面光源的发光腔体内壁上设置有反射紫外光层,该层之上是荧光粉层;b.所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面中之一是对外不透光的。 None of the internal electrode according to claim 2, high efficiency and long life of mercury-free gas discharge surface light source comprising:. A wall of the body cavity of the gas discharge light emitting surface of the ultraviolet light source is provided with a reflective layer, the top layer is a phosphor layer; one of two corresponding light-emitting surface b on the light emitting surface of the cavity of the outside light is opaque.
7.根据权利要求2所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,特征在于:所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面中之一是对外不透光的,则在该对外不透光面内壁与荧光粉层间、或对外不透光面内壁与反射紫外光层间设置有反光材料层;或该对外不透光面是由不透光材料构成的。 The no internal electrode according to claim 2 high efficiency and long life mercury gas discharge surface light source, characterized in that: one of the two corresponding light-emitting surface on the light emitting surface of the cavity of the outside light is impervious light, the outside between the inner wall surface of the opaque phosphor layer, or between the outside surface of the inner wall of the opaque reflective layer is provided with a UV reflective material layer; or the outside surface is made opaque opaque material composed of.
8.根据权利要求2所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,特征在于:所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面是任意二维面状的。 None of the internal electrode according to claim 2, high efficiency and long life of mercury-free gas discharge surface light source, comprising: two corresponding light-emitting surface on the light emitting surface of the cavity is a two-dimensional surface of any shape .
CN 200610162037 2006-05-22 2006-12-11 Non internal electrode and no Hg highly efficient and long-life gas discharge surface light source CN101079369B (en)

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