CN101076083A - Camera, image output device, image output method and image recording method - Google Patents

Camera, image output device, image output method and image recording method Download PDF


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CN101076083A CN 200710107485 CN200710107485A CN101076083A CN 101076083 A CN101076083 A CN 101076083A CN 200710107485 CN200710107485 CN 200710107485 CN 200710107485 A CN200710107485 A CN 200710107485A CN 101076083 A CN101076083 A CN 101076083A
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Disclosed is a camera which can output an image to an external display device, and creates an image (size-changed image) with an aspect ratio according to the external display device from a part of a shot image. The size-changed image can be created in such a way as to include, for example, the face of a subject. The size-changed image can be created in consideration of, for example, the posture (vertical/horizontal) of the camera at the time of shooting. For example, the camera can be provided with a display part to display regional information indicating the region of the size-changed image.


照相机、图像输出装置、图像输出方法、图像记录方法 A camera, an image output apparatus, an image output method, an image recording method

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及输出对应于外部显示装置的横纵尺寸比的图像的照相机和图像输出装置。 The present invention relates to a camera output corresponding to the external display apparatus and the image output size of the image of the aspect ratio of the device.

背景技术 Background technique

关于利用数码照相机获得的摄影图像,不仅与以往的银盐照相机一样可以打印,而且也有利用TV和电脑监视器来显示的观赏效果。 On the use of photographic images from a digital camera to obtain not only the conventional silver salt camera can still print, but also the use of TV and computer monitor to display viewing.

利用TV等观赏所拍摄的图像时的一个问题是,如果将利用照相机纵向拍摄的图像直接显示在画面上,则图像成为横向的状态。 One problem when using a TV image and other ornamental taken if the camera using the image captured longitudinal directly displayed on the screen, the image becomes transverse state. 因此,提出一种照相机,根据构图方式来检测是纵向构图还是横宽构图,将摄影和再现的状况整合,在再现时体现出来(日本特开2003-60940号公报)。 Accordingly, to provide a camera to detect the composition according to the embodiment is a portrait or lateral patterning, and integrating photographic reproduction conditions, reflected (Japanese Patent Publication Laid-Open No. 2003-60940) at the time of reproduction.

另一方面,当家庭中的数字内容再现环境被建立时,在大型画面的TV前面欣赏图像的机会增加。 On the other hand, when the reproduction of digital content in the home environment is established, the opportunity to enjoy a large image in front of the TV screen increases. 在大型画面的TV中,高清晰度(HD)画质的产品在增加,其横纵尺寸比为16∶9的横宽画面。 In a large screen TV, a high-definition (HD) quality products is increasing, which is the aspect ratio of the screen width 16:9. 对此,照相机的摄像元件是打印用的4∶3的横纵尺寸比,从而产生横纵尺寸比不同的问题。 In this regard, the imaging element of the camera is the aspect ratio of 4:3 printing, resulting in a different problem of the aspect ratio. 作为该问题的一个解决方案,提出对横纵尺寸比自身进行切换的照相机(日本特开平8-37611号公报)。 As a solution to this problem is proposed for the vertical and horizontal dimensions of a camera switch (JP Patent Publication 8-37611) than itself.

当在大型画面的TV上将纵向摄影的静态图像方向改变90度来再现时,在左右产生大的不显示部分。 When a still image is changed by 90 degrees in the longitudinal direction of the photographing TV on a large screen is reproduced, no large generated around the display portion. 因此,也提出有效利用宽画面的左右的空白画面的方案(日本特开2006-109360号公报)。 Therefore, it is proposed about effective utilization scheme blank screen width of the screen (Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open Publication No. 2006-109360). 在上述日本特开2006-109360号公报中,公开了对于纵向构图的图像,并列显示两个图像的图像显示控制的相关技术。 In the above-mentioned Japanese Laid-Open Patent Publication No. 2006-109360 discloses an image patterned longitudinal, parallel display of two images related art image display control.

如以上说明的那样,在宽画面下再现照相机的图像时,不能避免在画面左右产生空白的问题,该问题在纵向摄影图像的情况下变得尤其明显。 As described above, when the playback image of the camera in the wide screen, the screen can not be avoided in a blank about a problem, the problem becomes especially apparent in the case where the longitudinal direction of the captured image. 虽然也有像上述日本特开2006-109360号公报那样并列显示两个纵向图像的方法,但不能一直利用该方法。 Although there are two methods as mentioned longitudinal image of Japanese Laid-Open Patent Publication No. 2006-109360 as tile, but you can not use this method. 考虑到今后向数码照相机连接高清晰度用TV进行再现的情况将增加,所以期望开发即使在这种横纵尺寸比差异大的宽画面下再现时也能够有效利用宽画面的照相机和再现装置。 Taking into account the future connected to a high-definition TV with a digital camera will be reproduced increases, it is desirable to develop a camera can be effectively utilized, and a wide screen even when the reproducing apparatus reproduces the aspect in this size difference is larger than the width of the screen.


本发明就是鉴于上述问题而提出的,其目的在于,提供进行在再现时可以有效利用外部显示装置的画面的图像记录的照相机、输出图像的图像输出装置、图像记录方法、图像输出方法、程序和记录介质。 The present invention in view of the above problems, and its object is to provide in the time of reproduction can be effectively utilized external display the image output device of the camera, the output image of the image recording screen apparatus, an image recording method, an image output method, program, and The recording medium.

本发明是一种可以向外部显示装置输出图像的照相机,该照相机根据摄像图像的一部分,生成对应于上述外部显示装置的横纵尺寸比的图像(尺寸变更图像)。 The present invention is a camera apparatus can display the output image to the outside, a portion of a captured image by the camera, and generating a corresponding image displayed on the outside (the image size change) the aspect ratio of the size of the apparatus.

上述尺寸变更图像可以生成为包含例如被摄体的面部。 The above-described image size change can be generated, for example, comprise the face of the subject.

上述尺寸变更图像可以考虑例如摄影时的照相机的方向(纵/横)来生成。 The above-described image size change can be considered when the imaging direction of the camera, for example, (vertical / horizontal) is generated.

例如,也可以在上述照相机上设置显示部,显示表示上述尺寸变更图像的范围的范围信息。 For example, the display unit may be provided on the camera, the display indicating that the image size change range of range information.

列举本发明的照相机的结构的一例。 Exemplified example of the structure of a camera according to the present invention. 照相机包括:输出部,其向外部显示装置输出所记录的图像;摄像元件,其拍摄被摄体像;尺寸变更部,其根据将上述摄像元件的整个摄像面作为摄影区域的整体图像,对应于该整体图像的横纵尺寸比与上述外部显示装置的横纵尺寸比之差,生成整体图像的一部分的图像、即尺寸变更图像;以及控制部,其进行控制以使记录上述整体图像和尺寸变更图像。 The camera comprising: an output unit which outputs the image recording device to the external display; an imaging device that captures a subject image; size changing unit, based on the entire imaging surface of the imaging device as a whole imaging region, corresponding to vertical and horizontal size of the entire image of the horizontal and vertical size of the apparatus than the difference between the ratio of the display with the external, generating a whole image portion of an image, i.e., changing the size of an image; and a control unit that performs control so that the recording of the entire image and size changing image.

本发明也可以理解为图像输出装置的发明、图像记录方法和图像输出方法的发明。 The present invention can be understood as an image output apparatus of the invention, an image recording method of the invention, and an image output method.

根据本发明,可以在再现时有效利用外部显示装置的画面。 According to the present invention can be effectively used in the external screen of the display device when reproducing.

根据下述说明、所附权利要求和附图,本发明的上述装置和方法的上述及其他特征、方面和优点将变得更加易于理解。 The following description, appended claims and accompanying drawings, the above and other features, aspects, and advantages of the above-described apparatus and method of the present invention will become more readily appreciated.


图1是在第1实施方式中适用本发明的照相机1的整体方框图。 FIG 1 is an overall block diagram of the camera 1 of the present invention is applied to the first embodiment.

图2A、图2B是表示第1实施方式中用户的图像观赏场景的一例的图。 2A, FIG. 2B is a diagram illustrating an example of a first embodiment of an image user viewing a scene.

图3是表示第1实施方式中的纵向构图摄影的场景的图。 FIG 3 is a diagram showing a first embodiment of a portrait scene photography.

图4A-图4C是表示第1实施方式中利用宽画面的TV 21来显示的各种图像的图。 FIG. 4A- 4C is a view illustrating an image displayed according to the first embodiment of the wide-screen TV 21.

图5A-图5H是表示第1实施方式中显示于TV 21的画面上的图像的尺寸、和在对应显示中使用的像素的关系的图。 FIG. 5A- FIG 5H is a diagram showing a first embodiment in size of the image displayed on the screen of the TV 21, and the corresponding pixel of a display showing a relationship between use.

图6是说明第1实施方式中图像输出处理的步骤的流程图。 FIG 6 is a flowchart of the first embodiment, the image output processing.

图7是说明第1实施方式中在摄影时一并记录尺寸变更图像的图像记录处理的步骤的流程图。 7 is a flowchart showing a first embodiment of an image recording step of the image size change processing at the time of photographing recorded together.

图8是说明第1实施方式中图像的合成处理的步骤的流程图。 FIG 8 is a flowchart of a first embodiment of the image synthesis processing is described.

图9是表示第1实施方式中显示于TV 21上的图像的图。 FIG 9 is a diagram showing a first embodiment shown in FIG image on 21 TV.

图10A、图10B是第2实施方式中在摄影时显示于显示部的监视图像的两个示例。 FIGS 10A, 10B is a second embodiment, when taking the monitoring image displayed on two examples of a display unit.

图11A、图11B是表示第2实施方式中构图变更时的框23b的跟踪的图。 FIG. 11A, FIG. 11B is a diagram 23b of the second embodiment of the tracking block when the composition is changed.

图12是说明第2实施方式中摄影处理的步骤的流程图。 FIG 12 is a flowchart of the second embodiment described photographic processing.

具体实施方式 detailed description

以下,参照附图说明本发明的优选实施方式。 The following describes a preferred embodiment of the present invention with reference to embodiments.

(第1实施方式)图1是应用本发明的照相机1的整体方框图。 (First Embodiment) FIG. 1 is an overall block diagram of the camera 1 of the present invention is applied. 照相机1设有镜头部2、摄像元件3、模拟前端(以下简称为AFE)部4、图像处理部5、压缩部6、记录再现部7、介质8。 2 is provided with a camera lens unit, an imaging device 3, an analog front end (hereafter referred to as AFE) unit 4, an image processing unit 5, a compression portion 6, the recording playback unit 7, 8 medium. 镜头部2使射入的被摄体20的像成像于摄像元件3。 Lens unit 2 incident subject image 20 in the image pickup element 3. 摄像元件3利用CCD或CMOS构成,将所成像的被摄体像转换为电信号。 3 the imaging device using a CCD or a CMOS configuration, The subject image into an electrical signal. AFE部4把从摄像元件3输出的模拟信号转换为数字图像信号,输入到图像处理部5。 AFE unit 4 converts the analog signal output from the imaging element 3 into a digital image signal input to the image processing section 5. 并且,AFE部4也具有取舍选择摄像元件3输出的信号的功能,可以从全部受光面仅提取出有限的像素数据。 And, the AFE section 4 also has a choice to select the image pickup element 3 outputs a signal of the function, can extract only a limited pixel data from the entire light-receiving surface.

图像处理部5对图像数据进行颜色校正、平滑处理、对比度强调处理等各种处理。 The image processing section 5 performs color correction on the image data, smoothing processing, contrast emphasis of various processing and the like. 并且,在图像处理部5设有尺寸变更部5a。 Further, in the image processing unit 5 is provided with size changing section 5a. 尺寸变更部5a在摄影时或再现时,从原图像的一部分而生成适当改变了横纵尺寸比后的尺寸的图像(尺寸变更图像)。 When the size changing section 5a at the time of photographing or reproducing, from a portion of the original image to generate an image appropriately changed (the image size change) after the vertical and horizontal size ratio. 在摄影时,尺寸变更部5a以所指定的横纵尺寸比切取从AFE部4输出的图像数据(称为整体图像)中的所指定的一部分,生成尺寸变更图像。 In photography, size changing section 5a at the designated cross-cut portion of the longitudinal dimension than the image data outputted from the AFE unit 4 (referred to as whole image) in the specified image size change generated. 整体图像的横纵尺寸比与摄像元件3的摄像面的横纵尺寸比相同,一般是横宽的,横纵尺寸比为4∶3。 The aspect ratio of the size of the entire image is the same as the horizontal and vertical dimensions of the imaging surface of the imaging element 3 ratio, generally horizontal width, the aspect ratio of 4:3. 另外,以后在没有特别说明的情况下横纵尺寸比表示为横∶纵。 Further, since in the case of no particular description of the aspect ratio is expressed as horizontal: longitudinal.

在再现时,尺寸变更部5a对于从介质8读出的已解压缩处理过的记录图像,同样以所指定的横纵尺寸比切取所指定的范围,生成尺寸变更图像。 Upon reproduction, the size changing section 5a to read out from the medium 8 has been processed decompressed image recording, the same vertical and horizontal dimensions of the specified range specified ratio taken cut, generating an image size change. 尺寸变更图像也称为局部图像或修整图像。 The image size change or image trimming is also referred to as partial image. 并且,横纵尺寸比的指定可以由用户直接指定,如果照相机1通过HDMI(High-DefinitionMultimedia Interface,高清晰度多媒体接口)等与TV 21连接,则也可以使用通过HDMI等获取的TV 21的横纵尺寸信息。 And specifying the aspect ratio may be directly specified by the user, if the camera is connected to the TV 21 1 through the HDMI (High-DefinitionMultimedia Interface, High-Definition Multimedia Interface) or the like, may also be used by cross-HDMI, the TV 21 obtained the vertical dimension information.

压缩解压缩部6中设有对已进行过图像处理的图像进行静态图像用的压缩解压缩的静态图像压缩解压缩部6a、和同样进行动态图像压缩的动态图像压缩解压缩部6b。 Compression and decompression section 6 is provided on the image processing have been used for still image compression and expansion of still image compression decompression unit 6a, and the same compressed moving image of the video compression and decompression portion 6b. 静态图像压缩解压缩部6a具有JPEG(JointPhotographic Coding Experts Group,联合图片编码专家小组)等的静态图像用的压缩解压缩电路。 Decompressed still image still image compression and expansion portion 6a having a JPEG (JointPhotographic Coding Experts Group, a joint photographic coding experts group) or the like with the compression circuit. 动态图像压缩解压缩部6b具有MPEG(MotionPicture Experts Group)和H.264的动态图像压缩解压缩电路。 The video compression and decompression portion 6b having MPEG (MotionPicture Experts Group), and H.264 moving image compression decompression circuit. 记录再现部7在摄影时将已进行过压缩处理的图像数据记录在记录介质、即介质8中,在再现时从介质8中读出图像数据。 When reproducing the recording unit 7 has been subjected to the photographic image data compression processing is recorded on the recording medium, i.e., medium 8, when the reproducing medium 8 from the read out image data. 介质8是保存记录图像的记录介质。 Medium 8 is stored in a recording medium to record an image.

并且,在照相机1中设有显示控制部12、显示部13和输出部14。 Further, in the camera 1 is provided with the display control unit 12, a display unit 13 and an output section 14. 显示控制部12控制显示部13,以使其在再现时对记录在介质8中的图像叠加相关联的信息来进行显示,在摄影时对监视图像叠加相关联的信息来进行显示。 The display control unit 12 controls the display unit 13, so as to record the information medium 8 in image overlay display associated at the time of reproduction, the associated information is superimposed at the time of photographing the image for display on the monitor. 显示部13例如利用LCD来构成,在摄影时显示监视图像,在再现时显示已解压缩处理过的记录图像。 LCD display unit 13 is constituted using, for example, displaying the monitor image during shooting, it displays the processed decompressed image is recorded at the time of reproduction. 在摄影时,用户一面观看显示在显示部13上的监视图像,一面确定构图及定时并进行摄影操作。 In photography, the user side view the monitoring image displayed on the display unit 13, determine the composition and timing of one surface and the photographing operation.

输出部14把从图像处理部5输出的记录图像(整体图像)或尺寸变更图像,转换为与相连接的外部显示装置21对应的NTSC信号或高清晰度电视信号并输出。 Output unit 14 from recording the image (entire image) The image processing section 5 outputs the image size change or converted into a display connected to the outside or the NTSC signal corresponding to the high definition television signal and outputting means 21. 外部显示装置(以下简称为TV)21例如是NTSC类型的TV或高清晰度电视类型的TV。 External display device (hereinafter abbreviated as TV) 21 is, for example, the NTSC type TV or HDTV TV type.

并且,在照相机1中设有MPU(微控制器)10、ROM 11、操作部16。 And, provided with an MPU (Micro Controller) 10, ROM 11, the operation unit 16 in the camera 1. MPU 10是按照程序掌管摄影和再现等照相机1的整体控制的控制部。 MPU 10 is in charge of photographing and reproduction according to the procedure like the camera control unit 1 controls the entire. ROM 11是非易矢性而且可以记录的存储器,例如利用闪存ROM构成,存储进行照相机1的控制处理的控制用程序。 Easy vector ROM. 11 of non-recordable memory and, for example, using a flash ROM, and stores a control process of the control program of the camera 1. 操作部16将摄影者的指示通知给MPU 10。 It indicates the operation unit 16 notifies the photographer to the MPU 10. 图1表示作为操作部16的一例的开关16a、16b、16c。 FIG 1 shows a switch operating portion 16a, 16b, 16c 16 an example. 例如,开关16a是快门释放开关,此外也有摄影/再现模式切换和摄影模式的切换等的开关。 For example, the shutter release switch 16a is a switch, in addition also photographic / reproducing mode switch and the switching of the photographing mode switch or the like. MPU 10检测利用开关16a、16b、16c进行的摄影和显示等的用户指示。 MPU 10 is detected by the switch 16a, 16b, 16c, etc. and a display for imaging of a user instruction.

并且,在照相机1中设有纵横判定部17和面部检测部15。 Further, the determination unit 17 is provided with the aspect and the face detection unit 15 in the camera 1. 纵横判定部17判定摄影时的照相机的方向(构图)是纵向还是横向。 Aspect determination unit 17 determines that the camera when photographing direction (patterning) is portrait or landscape. 判定方式可以是利用倾斜传感器(tilt sensor)进行自动判定的方式、根据摄影者的指示进行判定的方式、或者在再现时根据图像的特征进行判定的方式中的任一方式。 Determination mode may be performed automatically determined by the way the inclination sensor (tilt sensor), according to the embodiment of the photographer's instructions determined, or when the reproduction mode determination in accordance with the characteristics of the image in any manner. MPU 10在采用摄影时进行检测的方式时,将该纵横的判定结果写入摄影图像数据。 When the MPU 10 for use in the detection mode photography, the aspect ratio of the photographed image data written to the determination result. 并且,把该结果反映到MPU 10对AFE部4和图像处理部5的控制中。 Then, the result is reflected to the MPU 10 controls the AFE section 4 and the image processing section 5.

面部检测部15按照针对摄影时的监视图像或再现时的记录图像的图像处理结果,根据图像信号分析所拍摄的像信号,检测其中是否包含面部特有的眼睛鼻子和轮廓等,将该画面内的面部的大小和位置输出给MPU 10。 The face detection unit 15 in accordance with the result of image processing for recording image when the monitored image when the photographic or reproduction, the image signal analyzing captured image signal, which contains a face detecting specific contour and eyes, nose, etc., of the intra the size and position of the output face to the MPU 10.

图2A、图2B是表示用户欣赏图像的场景的一例图。 2A, FIG. 2B is a diagram of an example of a user views an image scene. 用户按照以往那样,利用打印照片22欣赏摄影图像的情况居多(图2B)。 According to the user, as in the past, use print photos to enjoy 22 photographic images of the majority (Figure 2B). 此外,认为用户在大型画面的TV 21前面欣赏所拍摄的图像内容的机会增加(图2A)。 In addition, the opportunity to consider the contents of the user image in front of the TV 21 to enjoy a large screen captured increased (Figure 2A). 所使用的TV 21为高清晰度(HD)画质的情况在增加,所以TV 21的横纵尺寸比为16∶9的横宽画面的居多。 21 is used in the case of a high definition TV (HD) image quality is increasing, so the aspect ratio TV 21 is the majority of the screen width 16:9. 对此,如上所述,照相机的摄像元件的横纵尺寸比为4∶3(打印照片22也相同)的情况较多,因此其偏差成为问题。 In this regard, as described above, the aspect ratio of the image pickup element of the camera 4:3 (same print photograph 22) is in many cases, so that the deviation becomes a problem.

图3是表示纵向构图摄影的场景的图。 FIG 3 shows a portrait photography scene. 利用纵向构图的照相机1拍摄被摄体20。 1 using a portrait camera 20 to photograph a subject.

图4A-图4C是表示利用横纵尺寸比为16∶9的宽画面的TV 21所显示的各种图像的图。 FIG. 4A- 4C is a use of the aspect ratio of the various images of FIG 16:9 wide screen TV 21 shown. 在拍摄人物时,多使用图3所示的纵向构图的照相机,图4A是显示按照该纵向构图所拍摄的图像的示例。 When photographing people, longitudinal multi-patterned using the camera shown in FIG. 3, FIG. 4A is an exemplary composition according to the longitudinal direction of the captured image is displayed. 如图4A所示,在利用TV 21的画面再现以打印照片为前提而拍摄的纵长的静态图像时,在画面的左右产生大的不显示部分23a。 4A, when using the screen of the TV 21 to print the photographs reproduced shot vertically long premise still image is generated around the screen does not show a large portion 23a.

由于针对16∶9的画面显示3∶4的图像,所以该不显示部分23a比较大。 Since the image for the screen display 3:4 16:9, so does the display portion 23a is relatively large. 在16∶9的画面中,相对于总长16,实际显示图像的横向长度只有3×9/4=6.8,浪费的多。 16:9 of the screen with respect to a total length of 16, the lateral length of the image actually displayed is only 3 × 9/4 = 6.8, more waste. 即使假定并列地排列两个纵向图像,由于6.8×2=13.6<16,也不能达到横向总长。 Even assuming arranged in two parallel longitudinal image, since the 6.8 × 2 = 13.6 <16, can not reach the total length of the lateral. 无论哪种情况下,都不能忽视效率的恶化。 In either case, we can not ignore the deterioration of efficiency. 由于难得利用大画面TV观看,所以希望利用整个画面进行动人有力的显示,但在图4所示的显示中,应该是存在缺憾的印象较强吧。 Due to the rare use of a large screen TV to watch, so I hope to use the entire screen to display a powerful and moving, but the display as shown in Figure 4, should be stronger impression it has defects.

因此,在本实施方式中,对于相同图像,按照图4A→4B→4C所示,顺序显示包括面部的放大的图像。 Accordingly, in the present embodiment, the same image, according to FIG. 4A → 4B → 4C, the display image sequence comprises a portion of enlarged. 图4B的图像是横纵尺寸比为5∶4、以上半身为中心切取图4A的原图像得到的尺寸变更图像。 FIG 4B is an image of the aspect ratio of 5:4 to cut out the center of the upper body as the size change of the original image of FIG. 4A is obtained. 图4C的图像是以与TV 21相同的16∶9的横纵尺寸比,以面部为中心进一步放大切取图4A的原图像得到的尺寸变更图像。 Image of FIG. 4C is the same as the TV 21 16:9 the aspect ratio of a face-centered to further enlarge the size of the change of the original image obtained 4A cut FIG. 另外,该尺寸变更图像可以在再现时对所记录的原图像进行切取处理来得到,也可以预先在摄影时与原图像一起记录该尺寸变更图像来使用,采用哪种方式都可以。 Further, the size change of the original image may be recorded in the image reproduction processing to obtain cut, may advance the time of shooting the original image is recorded together with the image size change is used, which embodiment can be employed. 通过进行这种显示,可以实现动人有力的画面显示。 By this display, you can achieve a powerful and moving picture display.

图5A-图5H是表示显示于TV 21的画面上的图像的尺寸、和在对应显示中使用的像素的关系的图。 FIG. 5A- FIG 5H is a diagram shown in FIG size of an image on the screen of the TV 21, and the pixel displays in corresponding relationship. 此处,图5A、图5B、图5C的图像分别是对应于图4A、图4B、图4C的各个图像的图像。 Here, 5A, 5B, the image of FIG. 5C respectively correspond to FIGS. 4A, 4B, the image of each image in FIG. 4C. 并且,图5B以及图5B以后,虚线框表示原摄影图像、即整体图像的范围,实线框表示将要显示在TV 21中的尺寸变更图像的范围。 And, after 5B and 5B, the dashed box represents the original photographic image, i.e., the range of the entire image, and a solid frame represents the range of the image to be displayed changes in the TV 21 in size.

并且,图5F-5H是表示图像数据的像素图的一部分的概念图,一个区划表示一个像素,是表示在再现时间隔提取地读出的比率的图。 And, FIG. 5F-5H is a conceptual diagram of a portion of a pixel map of the image data, a pixel represents a division, shows a ratio at reproduction time interval extraction readout. 图5F~图5H分别对应于图5A~图5D。 FIG. 5F ~ FIG. 5H respectively correspond to FIGS. 5A ~ FIG. 5D. 但是,以下说明的读出像素的比率毕竟仅是示例。 However, the ratio of pixels to read after all, the following description is merely exemplary.

作为静态图像的整体图像的像素数,基于打印照片也要能够承受这一要求,所以多选择摄像元件的全像素(例如1000万像素)。 As the number of pixels in the whole image of the still image based on printing photos but also be able to withstand this requirement, so many choices of all-pixel image pickup device (for example, 10 million pixels). 另一方面,TV 21不仅是横纵尺寸比远小于摄像元件自身,可以再现的像素数也远少于摄像元件自身。 On the other hand, TV 21 not only the aspect ratio is much smaller than the imaging element itself, the number of pixels may be rendered far less than the image pickup element itself. 例如,在全部高清晰度电视中为1080×1820,为约200万像素,是非常少的,所以从输出部14输出给TV 21的图像也是只要较少的像素数即足够。 For example, all HDTV is 1080 × 1820, about 200 million pixels, is very small, so that the number of the image output unit 14 to the TV 21 is also as long as fewer pixels is sufficient. 相应地发送时间也缩短。 Accordingly, the transmission time is reduced. 例如,在输出图像是图5A所示的整体图像时,图像处理部5按照图5E所示,以斜线所表示的像素比率(每8像素一个像素的比率)切取像素,进行插值处理。 For example, the output image is the entire image shown in FIG. 5A, the image processing section 5 as shown in FIG 5E, the ratio of the pixel represented by oblique lines (8 pixels per pixel ratio) cut out pixel interpolation processing. 即,根据TV 21的再现能力输出被降低为必要的足够的像素数的图像是高效的。 That is, the output of TV 21 in accordance with the reproduction capability of the image is reduced to a sufficient number of pixels necessary to be efficient.

下面,图5B的图像是从整体图像中将上半身部分放大的图像。 Next, FIG. 5B is an enlarged image from the image in the upper part of the overall image. 在显示图5B那样的图像时,尺寸变更部5a从整体图像中切取规定范围时,考虑放大的量来降低间隔提取率而生成图像。 In FIG. 5B, as the display image size changing section 5a cut a predetermined range from the whole image in consideration of the amount of thinning to reduce the amplification rate to generate an image. 即,由于在TV 21中的显示面积增大,所以增加像图4B那样在全像素中显示时使用的像素的比率。 That is, since the display area is increased in the TV 21, so as to increase the ratio of the pixel as used in FIG. 4B is displayed in the whole pixel. 此处,例如图5F所示,以整体图像数据的每4个像素采用1个像素的比率来使用。 Here, for example, the four pixels per entire image data using a ratio of one pixel used in FIG. 5F. 这是因为如果将上述图5A的已经较大地间隔提取的图像直接放大,则即使TV 21难得具有高精细的显示能力、或者整体图像具有丰富的信息,也只能够再现粗糙的画面。 This is because if the interval has been largely extracted image in FIG. 5A direct amplification, even if the TV 21 has a rare ability to display high-definition, or the entire image has a wealth of information can be reproduced only coarse screen.

图5C是进一步放大的图像。 5C is a further enlarged image. 图5C表示在整体图像的面部部分区域中,横纵尺寸比是与TV 21的横纵尺寸比相同的16∶9。 FIG 5C shows a partial region of the entire face image, the aspect ratio is the same as the TV 16:9 the aspect ratio of the size of 21. 并且,与上述图5A和图5B相比,尺寸变更部5a增加了使用的像素数。 Further, the above-described FIGS. 5A and 5B as compared to the size changing portion 5a increases the number of pixels used. 例如图5G所示,利用整体图像的全部像素。 For example as shown in FIG. 5G, using all of the pixels of the entire image. 这样,根据切取的图像的尺寸改变间隔提取的比率,所以能够保持画面上的高精细感。 Thus, changing the ratio of thinning cut according to the size of the image, it is possible to maintain a sense of high-definition on the screen.

以上示出相对于16∶9的宽画面TV,显示区域极端不同的纵向构图的示例。 Shown above with respect to the wide screen TV 16:9, extremely different regions of a display example of a portrait. 另外,图5D是在TV 21上显示利用正常的横向构图所拍摄的图像(4∶3)的示例。 Further, FIG. 5D is an example of normal use of the captured image a landscape (4:3) is displayed on TV 21. 此时,由于只能显示图5D的实线那样的区域(16∶9),所以需要进行实线那样的限定区域的显示。 In this case, since only the display area (16:9) as the solid line in FIG. 5D, it is necessary to define a display area such as a solid line. 此时的间隔提取采用图5H那样的比率(每4像素用1个像素)。 At this time, the thinning ratio as employed in FIG. 5H (every 4 pixels by one pixel). 按照以上所述,可以充分利用TV 21的再现能力来欣赏美丽的高精细图像。 As described above, you can take advantage of the ability to reproduce TV 21 to enjoy the beauty of a high-definition image.

图6是说明在再现时生成尺寸变更数据而进行图像输出处理的步骤的流程图。 FIG 6 is a flowchart illustrating image output processing of the steps performed to generate the size change data in reproduction. 该图像输出处理主要由遵从程序的MPU 10、图像处理部5、尺寸变更部5a和输出部14来执行。 The main image output processing 10, the image processing unit 5, 5a and size changing unit 14 is performed by the output unit MPU compliance program.

首先,判定将要再现的图像是动态图像还是静态图像(步骤S11)。 First, whether the image to be reproduced is a moving image or a still image (step S11). 如果是动态图像(步骤S11“是”),则进行动态图像显示用的输出处理(步骤S21)。 If a moving image (step S11 "Yes"), the output processing (step S21), the video display is performed. 如果判定为是静态图像(步骤S11“否”),则通过记录再现部7从介质8中读出静态图像数据(步骤S12)。 If it is determined that a still image (step S11 "No"), then 7 reads out the still image data (step S12) from the recording medium by the reproducing unit 8. 然后,判定该图像的摄影构图是纵向还是横向(步骤S13)。 Then, it is determined that the photographic composition is portrait or landscape image (step S13). 纵横的判定是由纵横判定部17根据摄影时附加在图像数据中的纵横数据来判定的。 The aspect ratio determination unit 17 is attached to the image data when the aspect photographic data determined by the determining aspect. 或者,如果没有纵横数据,则也可以在再现时由图像处理部5根据图像的特征来进行判定。 Alternatively, if there is no aspect ratio data, it may be determined according to the characteristics of the image at the time of reproduction by the image processing section 5.

尺寸变更部5a根据纵横判定结果进行以下的尺寸变更处理,输出部14将该图像输出给TV 21。 Size changing unit 5a performs the following processing in accordance with an aspect size change judgment result output unit 14 outputs the image to the TV 21. 上述处理是在上述图4和图5A-图5H中说明的处理。 The above-described process is the process described in the above FIG. 4 and FIG. 5A- FIG. 5H. 首先,如果不是纵向构图(步骤S13“否”),即是正常的横向画面,则尺寸变更部5a根据所连接的TV的横纵尺寸比切取图5D中利用实线表示的区域,输出部14将变更尺寸后的图像转换为TV信号而输出(步骤S22)。 First of all, if not a portrait (step S13 "No"), that is, normal horizontal picture, the size changing section 5a region, the output section 14 indicated by solid lines in accordance with the TV horizontal and vertical dimensions of the connector than the cut FIG. 5D using converting the image to the changed size of the TV signal is output (step S22).

把所输出的图像显示在TV 21上。 The output image is displayed on the TV 21. 在以后的说明中,设为输出给横纵尺寸比为16∶9的TV。 In the following description, the output is set to the aspect ratio of the TV 16:9. 并且,关于横纵尺寸比,如果从TV 21发送了横纵尺寸比信息则利用该信息,如果没有该信息,也可以按照用户的指定。 And, on the aspect ratio, the horizontal and vertical dimensions if the transmission from the TV 21 by using the ratio information is information, without this information may be specified in the user.

如果是纵向构图的照片(步骤S13“是”),则以一定时间进行依次重复图4A→4B→4C所示的图像的显示。 If is a photograph of a portrait (step S13 "Yes"), places sequentially repeated for a predetermined time in FIG. 4A → 4B → display image shown 4C. 这是为了不使画面急剧变化。 This is in order not to make the picture dramatically. 图像处理部5在对所读出的图像数据改变纵横方向后,输出图4A所示的整体图像(步骤S14)。 After the image processing unit 5 in the image data of the read vertical and horizontal direction is changed, the entire image (step S14) output as shown in FIG. FIG. 4A. 其横纵尺寸比(横∶纵)依旧是3∶4。 Which the aspect ratio (horizontal: vertical) is still 3:4. 在显示规定时间后(步骤S15“是”),切换为图4B所示尺寸的图像。 After displaying the predetermined time (Step S15 "Yes"), it is switched to the image size shown in FIG. 4B. 尺寸变更部5a从所读出的整体图像,把横纵尺寸比变更为5∶4,根据面部检测信息设定相当于上半身的区域,切取(修整)该区域并输出(步骤S16)。 Size changing portion 5a from the entire image read out, the change of the aspect ratio 5:4, according to face detection information setting region corresponding to the upper body, cut (trimmed) and outputs the area (step S16). 此处,5∶4的横纵尺寸比是由MPU 10根据摄像元件3和TV 21的横纵尺寸比自动设定的,并通知尺寸变更部5a。 Here, the aspect ratio is 5:4 by the MPU 10 according to the aspect ratio of the size of the image pickup element 3 and the automatic setting of the TV 21, and notifies size changing section 5a.

另外,在显示规定时间后(步骤S17“是”),切换为图4C所示尺寸的图像。 Further, after displaying a predetermined time (Step S17 "Yes"), it is switched to the image size shown in FIG. 4C. 尺寸变更部5a把横纵尺寸比变更为16∶9,并根据面部检测信息设定相当于面部的区域,从整体图像中切取(修整)该范围并输出(步骤S18)。 Size changing section 5a to the aspect ratio changed to 16:9, and corresponds to the area of ​​the face according to the face detection information setting, cut from the entire image (trimming) range and the output (step S18).

在图4C那样的图像的显示中,如果有结束的指示操作(步骤S19“是”),则结束处理。 In the display of FIG. 4C of the image, if there is the end instruction operation (step S19 "Yes"), the process ends. 并且,如果有切换到其他图像的显示的指示(步骤S20“是”),则返回步骤S11。 And, if switched to the display of another image instruction (step S20 "Yes"), it returns to step S11. 另外,再现时的显示顺序也可以不是图4A→4B→4C的顺序,而是相反的图4C→4B→4A的顺序。 Further, when the display order of reproduction may not be sequentially 4A → 4B → 4C of FIG instead 4C → 4B → 4A order opposite to FIG. 此处,由于将动态图像和静态图像的图像文件一起记录在照相机的介质中,所以按照用户的图像文件的切换操作,判定操作是动态图像还是静态图像,并切换显示方法。 Here, since the image file is a moving image and still image recorded in the medium together with the camera, so the image file in accordance with the switching operation of the user, the determination operation is a moving image or a still image, and a display method switching. 并且,关于3∶4和16∶9之间的横纵尺寸比的图像,在上述流程图中仅示出了5∶4的图像,当然除此以外也可以设定得更细致。 Further, the vertical and horizontal dimensions on the image and 16:9 between 3:4 ratio, in the above-described flowchart shows only the image 5:4, except of course, you may be set more detailed. 例如,也可以在中途设定三个等级,即,3∶4、4∶4、5∶4、6∶4、16∶9。 For example, it may be set in the middle of three levels, i.e., 3:4,4:4,5:4,6:4,16:9.

另外,上述图像输出处理由照相机1的摄影系统(镜头2、摄像元件3、AFE部4)之外的部分执行。 Further, the image output process (lens 2, imaging element 3, 4 AFE section) executed by the part other than the photographic camera system 1. 由MPU 10、图像处理部5、尺寸变更部5a、面部检测部15、记录再现部7、输出部14等构成的装置也构成本发明。 From the MPU 10, the image processing unit 5, size changing section 5a, the face detection unit 15, a recording apparatus constituting reproducing unit 7, the output section 14, also constitutes the present invention. 把该装置称为图像输出装置。 The device is called the image output apparatus.

在上述说明中,说明了在再现时生成尺寸变更图像并将其输出给显示装置的情况。 In the above description, the case of generating an image size changing in the time of reproduction and outputs it to the display device. 但不限于此,也可以在摄影时同时生成并记录尺寸变更图像。 But it is not limited thereto, may be generated and recorded while the image size change in photography. 以下将说明这种情况。 The following will illustrate this.

图7是说明在摄影时一并记录尺寸变更图像的图像记录处理的步骤的流程图。 FIG 7 is a flowchart collectively recording the image recorded on the photographic image size change processing. 该处理主要由遵从程序的MPU 10、图像处理部5和尺寸变更部5a等执行。 This processing is mainly executed by the MPU 10, the image processing section 5 and 5a size changing unit to comply with the program, and the like.

所拍摄的原图像被存储在临时存储器(未图示)中。 Original captured image is stored (not shown) in a temporary memory. 并且,所存储的原图像被压缩为打印照片能够承受的全像素或多像素的图像(步骤S31)。 Then, the original image is stored in the compressed image print photograph can withstand all pixels or pixels (step S31). 然后,根据该摄影图像是否是纵向构图来改变处理。 Then, based on the photographed image is a portrait whether to change the process. 根据纵横判定部17的判定,判定是否是纵向构图(步骤S32)。 According to an aspect of the judging unit 17, it is determined whether a portrait (step S32). 如果不是纵向构图(步骤S32“否”)而是横向构图,则尺寸变更部5a从存储在临时存储器中的压缩前的原图像生成图5D中的实线那样的横宽的尺寸变更图像,从而记录再现部7将尺寸变更图像与原图像一起记录在介质8中(步骤S36)。 Instead landscape orientation, the horizontal size changing portion, if not a portrait (step S32 "No") 5a from the original image to generate a solid line in FIG. 5D before compression stored in the temporary memory in such a wide image size change, thereby recording and reproducing portion 7 is recorded in the medium 8 (step S36) together with the image and the original image size change.

另一方面,如果是纵向构图(步骤S32“是”),首先,记录再现部7将图4A那样的显示整个被摄体的图像、即上述已压缩的原图像记录在介质8中(步骤S33)。 On the other hand, if it is a portrait (step S32 "Yes"), first, as the record display image 7 entire object, i.e., the above-described compressed original image in the recording medium 8 (step S33 in FIG. 4A reproducing unit ). 然后,尺寸变更部5a从原摄影图像生成图4B那样的变更了横纵尺寸比(5∶4)的中间图像,记录再现部7记录该中间图像(步骤S34)。 Then, size changing section 5a 4B changed as horizontal and vertical size of the intermediate image of the ratio (5:4) from the original photographic image generating FIG, recording and reproducing of the intermediate image recording portion 7 (step S34). 横纵尺寸比由MPU 10根据摄像元件3和TV 21的横纵尺寸比确定。 Aspect ratio is determined by the MPU 10 according to the image pickup element 3 and the TV horizontal and vertical size ratio of 21. 另外,尺寸变更部5a从上述摄影图像生成图4C那样的有效利用整个TV画面的、横纵尺寸比为16∶9的图像,记录再现部7记录该图像(步骤S35)。 Further, from the size changing unit 5a generates a captured image of FIG. 4C of the effective use of the entire TV screen, the aspect ratio of the image 16:9, recording and reproducing of the image recording portion 7 (step S35).

在此,记录三个等级的图像以便分三个等级进行切换显示,但也可以进行步骤S33和步骤S35的两个等级的记录。 Here, recording images of three levels to three levels of switching the display, but may be recorded two levels of steps S33 and step S35. 这是因为较少被关注的中间的等级的图像也可以在再现时利用电子变焦从第1等级的图像来生成。 This is because the level of the image less attention in the middle of the image can also be generated by the first electronic zoom level at the time of reproduction.

如上所述,在摄影时也记录尺寸变更图像,所以不需要在每次再现时对全像素的图像进行各种尺寸变更来显示的步骤,再现侧不需要特别的电路。 As described above, when the size change is also recorded photographic image, it is not necessary that various changes image sizes in all pixels to display at each step of the reproduction, the reproduction side does not require a special circuit. 另外,在上述示例中分三个等级来表示尺寸,但当然也可以变更为三个等级以上的尺寸。 Further, in the above example to indicate the size of the equatorial three levels, but of course may be changed to three or more levels of size.

下面,使用图8、9说明上述第1实施方式的变形例。 Next, FIG. 8 and 9 illustrate a modification of the first embodiment. 如图4A所示,如果画面的两侧成为完全没有图像的黑色显示,则有时会感觉感观效果差。 4A, if the picture has become completely black image is displayed, the sensory effects sometimes feel the difference. 因此,在该变形例中,示出了在再现显示中显示图像时有效利用留白部分的示例。 Thus, in this modification, an example is shown in the reproducing display portion when the effective use of blank display image. 图8是说明该合成处理的步骤的流程图。 FIG 8 is a flowchart illustrating the steps of the synthesis processing. 图9是表示显示于TV 21上的图像的图。 FIG 9 is a diagram showing an image on a display in a 21 TV.

在该示例中,生成在画面两侧附加了其他图像的合成图像并显示(图9)。 In this example, both the additional screen generated composite image and the other image is displayed (FIG. 9). 但是,优选附加的其他图像是不会成为观赏当前图像的障碍的图像。 Preferably, however, additional other images will not become obstacles to the current image viewing images. 即,比较复杂的图像或不易理解的图像不适合成为该附加的其他图像。 That is, an image or a complex image does not fit easily understood that the other image becomes attached. 例如,作为其他图像,优选是从所拍摄的图像或将其一部分缩小后的图像单一化成或抽象成为图解风格的图像。 For example, as another image, preferably from a captured image or an image into a single abstract or the part thereof becomes narrow illustrated style image. 也可以在照相机中预先记录图解图像,将其用作其他图像。 May be recorded in advance in the camera image is illustrated, which was used for other images.

按照图8所示的流程图简单说明合成处理的步骤。 Flowchart shown in FIG. 8 briefly described steps of the synthesis process. 读出所拍摄的记录在介质8中的原图像数据并解压缩。 Reading out the captured original image data recorded in the medium 8 and decompressed. 尺寸变更部5a进行该原图像的尺寸变更处理(步骤S41)。 5a size changing section for changing the processing size of the original image (step S41). 上述其他图像被记录在介质8或ROM 11中,从上述其他图像中读出用户指定的或自动选择的图像并解压缩,作为留白区域使用的其他图像(步骤S42)。 The other image is recorded in the ROM 11 or 8 medium, read or automatically selected images designated by the user from the other image decompression and, other image (step S42) is used as a blank area. 图像处理部5将该图像合成到已进行了尺寸变更处理的原图像中,生成合成图像,静态图像压缩解压缩部6a压缩该合成图像,记录再现部7将合成图像记录在介质8中(步骤S43)。 The image processing section 5 synthesizes the image of the original image have been made in the size change process, generate a composite image, still image compression and expansion portion 6a compresses the synthesized image, the synthesized image recording 7 in the recording medium reproducing unit 8 (step S43). 如果用户有显示指示,则读出该合成图像并显示在TV 21上。 If the user has the display instruction, the composite image is read out and displayed on the TV 21. 通过以上处理,可以更加有效地利用宽画面来进行有效的显示。 By the above process, can be more effectively carried out with a wide screen display effective.

(第2实施方式)下面,使用图10A~图12说明第2实施方式。 (Second Embodiment) Next, FIGS. 10A ~ FIG. 12 illustrates a second embodiment. 第2实施方式是在拍摄TV再现时的放大部分时,判定面部图像并进行重视该部分的摄影的示例。 The second embodiment is an enlarged portion of the time when shooting a TV playback, it is determined facial image and the photographic attention exemplary portion. 在纵长图像特别是肖像照片中,一般人物的面部是重要的,所以按照图4C所示对面部部分进行放大摄影和显示是有效的。 In particular, the vertically long portrait photograph image, the person's face is generally important, so enlarged photography and shown to be effective in accordance with the face portion shown in FIG. 4C. 另外,应用本发明的照相机的方框图与图1所示相同,所以省略。 Further, the same as the camera 1 of the present invention is applied to the block diagram of FIG omitted. 并且,摄像元件和预定显示的TV 21的横纵尺寸比也相同,分别为4∶3、16∶9。 Further, the image pickup element and the predetermined same TV show the aspect ratio of 21, respectively 4:3,16:9.

图10A、10B是在纵向构图摄影时显示在显示部13上的监视图像的两个示例。 10A, 10B, two examples of the monitoring image is displayed on the display unit 13 display when a portrait photography. 图10A的画面是显示整体图像和表示其中被放大记录的区域的信息的画面。 FIG 10A is a display screen showing the entire image and wherein the picture information is recorded in the enlarged region. 显示控制部12在画面上部显示虚线框23b,作为表示被放大记录的区域的信息。 The display control unit 12 displays in an upper screen dashed box 23b, information is recorded as represented amplified region. 框23b的区域部分按照图4C所示被放大。 Region part 23b is enlarged in accordance with the frame shown in FIG. 4C. 框23b的横纵尺寸比对应于TV 21是16∶9的比率。 Vertical and horizontal frame 23b corresponding to the TV 21 ratio is the ratio of 16:9.

另一方面,图10B的画面是多图像显示的示例。 On the other hand, FIG. 10B is an exemplary screen of a multi-image display. 在显示部13上多图像显示静态图像用的摄影图像(整体图像)23c和TV显示中使用的尺寸变更图像23d。 Still image display size of the captured image (the whole image) 23c and a TV display image 23d in use was changed in the multi-image display unit 13. 尺寸变更图像23d的横纵尺寸比是16∶9。 Image size change of the aspect ratio 23d is 16:9. 由于同时显示整体图像和尺寸被变更的图像双方,所以便于摄影。 Due to simultaneously display both the image and the overall size of the image is changed, it is easy to photography. 此时,也可以将在TV显示时放大的部分进一步显示为框23b。 At this time, may be amplified in the TV display further shows a frame portion 23b. 此处,框23b的位置也可以通过用户操作开关等来改变位置。 Here, the position of the frame 23b may be changed by a user operation position of the switch or the like. 另外,更优选对于曾设定一次的框23b的位置,应用面部检测技术,在面部位置发生变化时能够自动跟随的结构。 It is more preferably set to have a block 23b in position, application of face detection technology, when the position of the face can automatically follow the changed configuration.

图12是说明使用了上述监视图像的摄影处理的步骤的流程图。 FIG 12 is a flowchart for explaining the steps of the photographic processing of the monitoring image. 此处,为了容易理解主要说明纵向构图摄影时的情况。 Here, for easy understanding mainly described the case when a portrait photography. 该处理主要由遵从程序的MPU 10、尺寸变更部5a和显示控制部12来执行。 This processing is mainly comply with the program by the MPU 10, and the display size changing unit 5a control unit 12 performs.

首先,在显示部13上显示整体图像(步骤S51)。 First, the entire image is displayed (step S51) on the display unit 13. 这是为了判断按下快门机会和构图。 This is to determine the composition and the shutter chance. 也显示作为表示用于在TV画面上显示的尺寸变更画面的区域的信息的框23b(步骤S52)。 As for the size of the display is also represented on the TV screen display area change information screen frame 23b (step S52). 即,显示图10A那样的图像。 That is, FIG. 10A as a display image. 当然,也可以是图10B那样的多图像显示。 Of course, 10B may be a multi-image display as shown in FIG.

等待用户的摄影指示(步骤S53)。 Waiting for the user's imaging instruction (step S53). 判断为是合适的定时及构图的用户,操作快门释放开关(例如开关16a)。 It is determined to be proper timing and the patterned user operates the shutter release switch (e.g., switch 16a). 当有操作指示时(步骤S53“是”),进行相当于整个画面(整体图像)的静态图像摄影(步骤S54)。 When the operation instruction (step S53 "Yes"), be equivalent to the entire screen (whole image) of still image shooting (step S54). 然后,进行在步骤S52利用框23b表示的区域内的摄影(步骤S55)。 Then, in step S52, using photography (step S55) in the area indicated by block 23b. 在步骤S55的摄影中,记录通过尺寸变更部5a变更为适合TV 21的再现能力的尺寸的图像。 In photography in step S55, the recording capacity of the reproduction changes to suit the TV 21 by the image size changing section dimension 5a. 由此,在使用了TV 21时,可以切换图4A所示的画面和图4C所示的画面,或者自动地转换来欣赏。 Thus, when using the TV 21, you can switch the screen shown in the screen shown in FIG. 4C and 4A, the conversion to enjoy or automatically.

在摄影之前,关于框23b的位置,如果摄影者不满意,则可以通过属于操作部16的XY方向操作键来变更。 Before photography, 23b on the position of the frame, and if photography is not satisfied, it can belong to the XY direction of the operating portion 16 to change the operation keys. 判断用户利用XY方向操作键进行的变更操作(步骤S56)。 Analyzing change operation (step S56) the user using the operation key of the XY directions. 如果用户进行了变更框23b的位置的切换操作(步骤S56“是”),则按照操作移动框23b的位置(步骤S57)。 If the user performs a switching operation to change the frame position 23b (Step S56 "Yes"), in accordance with the operating position of the moving frame 23b (step S57). 如果没有进行该切换操作(步骤S56“否”),则跳到步骤S58。 If the switching operation is not performed (Step S56 "No"), then jumps to step S58. 然后,当用户在该位置进行了框23b的锁定操作时(步骤S58“是”),则存储框内的图像(步骤S59)。 Then, when the user in this position when the locking operation of the frame 23b (Step S58 "Yes"), an image frame is stored (step S59). 这样,即使改变照相机的方向并改变图像的位置(步骤S60“是”),也检测该图像所在的画面内的位置,使框位置跟随该位置(步骤S61)。 Thus, even if the camera changes direction and changing the position of the image (step the S60 "Yes"), but also detect the position of the image in the screen where the position following the position of the frame (step S61). 框23b的位置的跟随,例如根据面部检测部15的检测来进行。 23b following the position of the frame, for example, according to the detection unit 15 detects a face. 另外,如果没有锁定操作(步骤S58“否”)和图像变化(步骤S60“否”),则返回步骤S51。 Further, if there is no locking operation (Step S58 "No") and the image change (step the S60 "No"), it returns to step S51.

图11A、11B是表示框23b的移动示例的图。 11A, 11B, is a diagram illustrating an example of movement of the frame 23b. 如果框23b这样跟随图像移动,则构图也从图11A变化为图11B,框23b移动到类似图像所在的位置。 If the image block 23b follow this movement, the composition also changes from 11A to FIG. 11B, the frame 23b moves to a position where the similar image. 即使用户不一次一次地改变框位置,由于照相机1判定图像并切换尺寸变更图像的位置,所以用户也能够专心于摄影。 Even if the user does not change the frame position once again, since the camera 1 determines that the image and the image size change switch positions, so that the user can concentrate on photography.

如以上说明的那样,根据第2实施方式,可以一面在监视图像上确认通过TV放大显示的图像一面进行摄影。 As described above, according to the second embodiment, one side can be confirmed by an enlarged TV image displayed on the monitor side of the image photographed.

根据以上各个实施方式,用户可以从摄影阶段开始考虑通过打印照片欣赏时、和在大型TV画面上欣赏动人有力的再现时的两种欣赏方式来进行摄影。 According to various embodiments of the above manner, the user can start thinking from the stage when photography enjoy by printing photos, and enjoy two kinds of fun ways when moving strong reproduced on a large TV screen to shoot. 并且,在上述实施方式中,说明了TV 21和照相机的摄像元件3的横纵尺寸比不同的示例,但不限于此,即使是相同的横纵尺寸比,只要是纵向构图图像,则显示横纵尺寸比被变更且放大的进行了尺寸变更的图像就是有效的。 In the above embodiment, the description of the image pickup element camera and the TV 21 vertical and horizontal dimensions than 3 different example, but not limited to, even with the same vertical and horizontal ratio as long as a portrait image, a cross the longitudinal dimensions of image size change ratio is changed and amplified is valid.

另外,在上述各个实施方式中,关于在上述各个实施方式中说明的MPU 10的处理,也可以利用硬件构成其一部分或全部。 Further, in the above embodiments, regarding the processing of the MPU 10 described in the various embodiments described, it may use part or all of the hardware configuration. 相反,也可以利用软件构成面部检测部15和纵横判定部17等。 Instead, the software may be configured using a face detection unit 15 and the aspect ratio determination unit 17 and the like. 具体结构属于设计事项。 Concrete structures are design considerations. 并且,MPU 10的各种控制处理通过将存储在ROM 11中的软件程序提供给MPU,并按照所提供的程序进行上述动作而实现。 And, MPU 10 and various control processes implemented by the software program ROM 11 provides storage for MPU, the operation according to a program and provided. 因此,上述软件程序自身实现MPU 10的功能,从而存储该程序的记录介质也构成本发明。 Accordingly, the above software program itself to realize the function of the MPU 10, thereby storing the program recording medium also constitute the present invention. 作为记录介质,除闪存之外,还可以使用CD-ROM和DVD等光学记录介质、MD等磁记录介质、磁带介质、IC卡等半导体存储器等。 As the recording medium, in addition to flash memory, CD-ROM may be used, and an optical recording medium such as a DVD, MD and other magnetic recording media, magnetic tape media, IC cards and other semiconductor memory. 并且,在各个实施方式中说明了将本发明应用于数字照相机的示例,但不限于此,例如也可以应用于便携电话的照相机部。 In each of the embodiments described exemplary embodiment of the present invention is applied to a digital camera, but are not limited to, for example, may be applied to a camera portion of a cellular phone.

上面例示并说明了被认为是本发明的优选实施方式的实施方式,当然可以理解的是,可以在不脱离本发明的宗旨的范围内进行各种形式上或细节上的变更和变形。 The above illustrated and described what are considered preferred embodiments of the present invention is, of course, be appreciated that changes and modifications may be made in form and detail that various therein without departing from the scope of the gist of the present invention. 因此本发明不限于上面说明和例示的具体形式,而构成为覆盖可落在所附权利要求的范围内的所有变形。 Therefore, the present invention is not limited to the particular forms described above and illustrated, and configured to cover all modifications that may fall within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (15)

  1. 1.一种照相机,该照相机包括:向外部显示装置输出所记录的图像的输出部,和拍摄被摄体像的摄像元件,其特征在于,上述照相机包括:尺寸变更部,该尺寸变更部对应于该整体图像的横纵尺寸比与上述外部显示装置的横纵尺寸比之差,从将上述摄像元件的整个摄像面作为摄影区域的整体图像,生成整体图像的一部分的图像、即尺寸变更图像;以及控制部,其进行控制以便记录上述整体图像和尺寸变更图像。 1. A camera, the camera comprising: an image output unit outputs the recording apparatus, and the imaging element captures a subject image to an external display, wherein said camera comprising: a size changing section, size changing section corresponding to the to the vertical and horizontal size of the entire image is worse than the display with the external horizontal and vertical dimensions of the device than the, from the image of a portion of the entire imaging surface of the imaging device as a whole imaging region, generates an overall image, i.e., changing the size image ; and a control unit which controls recording of the entire image and to change the image size.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的照相机,其特征在于,上述尺寸变更部对于上述整体图像应用考虑了照相机摄影时的方向的横纵尺寸比,来生成上述尺寸变更图像。 2. A camera according to claim 1, wherein the size changing portion respect to the entire image of the applications considered in horizontal and vertical direction than the size of the camera during photography, to generate the image size change.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的照相机,其特征在于,上述照相机还包括:显示部,其在摄影时将通过上述摄像元件所拍摄的图像作为监视图像来进行显示;和显示控制部,其将表示通过上述尺寸变更部生成的尺寸变更图像的范围的范围信息显示在上述监视图像上。 3. A camera according to claim 1, wherein said camera further comprising: a display unit, which image is captured by the imaging element as a monitoring image to be displayed at the time of photographing; and a display control unit, which represented by the image size changing section changes the size of the generated range of range information is displayed on the monitor image.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的照相机,其特征在于,上述照相机还包括检测被摄体的面部的面部检测部,其中,上述显示控制部根据画面内的面部位置的变化而移动显示上述范围信息。 4. A camera according to claim 3, wherein said camera further includes a face detecting section detects a face of the object, wherein the display control unit displays the moving range of the face position information according to a change in the screen .
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的照相机,其特征在于,上述照相机还包括:显示图像的显示部;和显示控制部,其将整体图像和尺寸变更图像划分区域而显示在上述显示部上。 The camera according to claim 1, wherein said camera further comprising: a display unit displaying an image; and a display control unit, which will change the overall size of the image and the image is divided into regions displayed on the display unit.
  6. 6.一种图像输出装置,该图像输出装置向外部显示装置输出图像,其特征在于,上述图像输出装置包括:尺寸变更部,其从所记录的摄影图像的一部分,生成以对应于上述外部显示装置的横纵尺寸比而构成的尺寸变更图像;以及控制部,其进行控制以将上述尺寸变更图像和所记录的摄影图像输出给上述外部显示装置。 An image output apparatus, the image output means outputs an image to the external display device, wherein the image output apparatus comprising: a size changing section, from which a portion of the recorded photographic image, generates a display corresponding to the external the image size of the aspect ratio changing means constituted; and a control unit that controls to change the size of the above-described image recording and outputs the captured image to the external display device.
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的图像输出装置,其特征在于,上述尺寸变更部使上述横纵尺寸比分等级地改变来生成多个尺寸变更图像,上述控制部进行控制以便依次输出该多个尺寸变更图像。 The image output apparatus according to claim 6, wherein the size changing portion so that the vertical and horizontal dimensions of the score generating a plurality of hierarchically changing the image size change, the control unit performs control to sequentially output the plurality of sizes change image.
  8. 8.根据权利要求6所述的图像输出装置,其特征在于,上述照相机还包括判定摄影时的照相机的方向为纵向还是横向的纵横判定部,其中,上述尺寸变更部在所记录的摄影图像为纵向摄影时,在使摄影图像成为纵长方向的状态下,以与上述外部显示装置的横宽的横纵尺寸比对应的横纵尺寸比,生成尺寸变更图像。 The image output apparatus according to claim 6, wherein said camera further comprising determining when the direction of the camera as portrait or landscape photography aspect determination unit, wherein the size changing part in the photographic image is recorded when the vertical image, the image in the photographing state becomes longitudinal direction, with the lateral width of the external display vertical and horizontal size of the device corresponding to the aspect ratio of the ratio, the image size change generated.
  9. 9.一种图像记录方法,该图像记录方法是向外部显示装置输出记录在记录介质中的摄影图像的照相机中的图像记录方法,其特征在于,该图像记录方法包括:从由摄像元件输出的摄影图像的一部分,生成以与摄影图像不同的横纵尺寸比来变更了尺寸后的尺寸变更图像;把尺寸变更图像与摄影图像一起进行记录,作为向上述外部显示装置输出的输出用图像。 An image recording method, the image recording method is a recording method for a camera apparatus outputting an image recorded in the recording medium in the captured image to the external display, wherein the image recording method comprising: an output from the image pickup element part of the photographic image, the photographic images to generate different from the aspect ratio is changed to change the size of the image size; changing the size of the image recorded together with the photographic image, as the display output to the external image output apparatus.
  10. 10.一种图像输出方法,该图像输出方法向外部显示装置输出图像,其特征在于,该图像输出方法包括:切取所记录的图像的一部分,生成以与所记录的图像的横纵尺寸比不同的、与上述外部显示装置对应的横纵尺寸比而构成的尺寸变更图像;将该尺寸变更图像和所记录的图像输出给上述外部显示装置。 An image output method, the image output method of outputting an image to the external display apparatus, wherein the image output method comprising: a cut out portion of the recorded image, to generate the vertical and horizontal size of the image recorded with different ratios , the image size changing means corresponding to the aspect ratio of the external configuration of the display; the output image and the image size changing recorded to the external display device.
  11. 11.一种照相机,该照相机可以向外部显示装置输出图像数据,该照相机包括:拍摄被摄体像的摄像元件;和从上述摄像元件所拍摄的图像中检测被摄体的面部部分的面部检测部,其特征在于,上述照相机还包括:尺寸变更部,其切取上述摄像元件所拍摄的图像的一部分,以便包含上述面部检测部检测出的面部部分,生成横纵尺寸比与上述外部显示装置的横纵尺寸比相同的图像;以及输出部,其将上述尺寸变更部生成的图像输出给上述外部显示装置。 A camera that the image data can be outputted to an external display, the camera comprising: an imaging device capturing a subject image; and an image captured from the imaging device detects a face in the face part detection subject portion, wherein said camera further comprising: a size changing section, which cut a part of the image of the imaging device taken to include a face portion of the face detecting section detects generates vertical and horizontal size of the display device than the above-described external the aspect ratio the same image; and an output section, the above-described size changing unit which outputs the generated image to the external display device.
  12. 12.根据权利要求11所述的照相机,其特征在于,上述照相机还包括显示上述摄像元件所拍摄的图像的显示部,其中,上述显示部可以同时显示上述摄像元件所拍摄的整体范围的图像、和上述尺寸变更部生成的图像。 12. The camera according to claim 11, wherein said camera further includes a display unit of the imaging element of the captured image, wherein the display unit may display the entire image range of the image pickup device captured the same time, and said size changing unit generates an image.
  13. 13.根据权利要求12所述的照相机,其特征在于,在上述显示部显示的上述摄像元件所拍摄的整体范围的图像中,显示表示上述尺寸变更部生成的图像的范围的范围信息。 13. A camera according to claim 12, wherein, in the entire range of the image pickup device of the display unit displays the captured, displaying a representation of the range of the image size changing section generates the range information.
  14. 14.根据权利要求11所述的照相机,其特征在于,上述尺寸变更部切取的范围利用上述面部检测部的检测结果,跟随上述被摄体的移动而自动变化。 14. A camera according to claim 11, wherein the size changing section cut out using a detection result of the scope of the face detecting section, following the movement of the subject is automatically changed.
  15. 15.根据权利要求11所述的照相机,其特征在于,上述尺寸变更部生成切取范围不同的多个图像,上述输出部向上述外部显示装置依次输出上述摄像元件所拍摄的整体范围的图像、和上述尺寸变更部生成的多个图像。 15. The camera according to claim 11, wherein the size changing unit generates a plurality of cut out images of different ranges, the image pickup device means sequentially outputs the captured whole range of the output to the external display unit, and the plurality of images generated by the size changing section.
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CN102055909A (en) * 2009-11-06 2011-05-11 奥林巴斯映像株式会社 Imaging apparatus and imaging method
CN102957860A (en) * 2011-08-11 2013-03-06 三星电子株式会社 Apparatus and method for processing image
CN102034457B (en) 2009-09-29 2013-08-07 爱国者电子科技有限公司 Digital photo frame capable of adjusting size of photo
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CN102034457B (en) 2009-09-29 2013-08-07 爱国者电子科技有限公司 Digital photo frame capable of adjusting size of photo
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