CN101070976A - Solar-electric instant-heating type constant temperature water heater - Google Patents

Solar-electric instant-heating type constant temperature water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101070976A
CN101070976A CN 200710052420 CN200710052420A CN101070976A CN 101070976 A CN101070976 A CN 101070976A CN 200710052420 CN200710052420 CN 200710052420 CN 200710052420 A CN200710052420 A CN 200710052420A CN 101070976 A CN101070976 A CN 101070976A
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water
temperature
hot water
solar
electric
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艾凯
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems, e.g. uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

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  • Heat-Pump Type And Storage Water Heaters (AREA)
  • Domestic Hot-Water Supply Systems And Details Of Heating Systems (AREA)

Abstract

The solar energy electricity namely thermostatic water heater relates to a electricity, namely hot water heater combination use solar energy thermostatically hot water system. After the hot water in the solar energy hot water tank is preheated by the electrical boosting or automatically mixes water valve to move warm, it is again relay heated up by the electricity namely hot heat installation to the hypothesis temperature, and maintain water outlet hot water at a constant temperature. The invention use integration intellectual technology controlled by microcomputer , not only overcome the solar energy hot water installment affect by the weather, the rate of heating slow, the water temperature unstable, the operation not convenient and so on the flaw, but also solve problem that the electricity namely hot heat installation use electricity power too big. Compared with single energy hot heat installation, the sole energy hot water installment has realized the security, conveniently, energy conservation and so on, and its structure is reasonable, and has the good operational performance.

Description

Solar-electric instant-heating type constant temperature water heater
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solar water heater, specifically be meant a kind of solar constant temperature hot-water heating system that is used in combination with the electric instant-heating type water heater.
Background technology
The water heater of environmental protection, safety is a solar water heater, but solar water heater is big to the dependence of weather, and can not guarantee sufficient hot water supply particularly overcast and rainy and winter.
Most convenient, energy-conservation water heater are the electric instant-heating type water heaters, but electric instant-heating type water heater power ratio is bigger, and be high to requiring with electric line, makes incompatible installation of electricity consumption facility of general living conditions.
Though above two kinds of water heaters all have bigger breakthrough on core technology, but because fine and overcast and rainy sunlit difference, differing greatly of winter and summer temp makes existing water heater all not overcome the use bottleneck that causes because of above inadequate natural endowment reason fully.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is for overcoming the deficiency of above-mentioned water heater,, realize that functions such as safety, convenience, energy-saving and environmental protection are in the constant-temperature hot water system of one by being used in combination of solar water heater and electric instant-heating type water heater.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
One, the integrated control of microcomputer-recognized intelligent
Solar water heating system is installed in roof or outdoor, from far away with water spot, the part facility as: go up cold water, hot water control, tube emptying is antifreeze, devices such as the auxiliary heating of electricity all must be by indoor Long-distance Control, the present invention is at first with the Indoor Control Device of solar water heating system, all be installed on the control panel of electric instant-heating type hot-water heating system, by selecting button to merge one by the control device of solar water heating system and electric instant-heating type hot-water heating system by the adjustment button and the temperature of microcomputerized control, make the hot-water heating system of two kinds of different performances can bring into play separately characteristics, have complementary advantages, the facility intercommunication.As automatic loading water, automatic heat preserving, automatic evacuation and anti-freezing, automatic hot-water control, automatic temperature-adjusting adjusting, overvoltage protection, overtemperature protection, short-circuit protection, anti-dry protection, earth leakage protective etc.Make solar water heating system can make full use of perfect electric control gear of electric instant-heating type hot-water heating system and safeguard protection facility, realize the control of microcomputer-recognized intelligent technology.
Two, secondary temperature-adjusting device
Solar water heating system utilizes solar energy heating speed slower, needs by boiler hot water thermal insulating to be stored, and the electric instant-heating type hot-water heating system is utilized the great power of electric energy, and firing rate is fast, and instant-heating need not the water tank stored hot water.The present invention uses the secondary temperature-adjusting device, and these two kinds of hot-water heating systems are controlled respectively.
The first order is the temperature-adjusting device of control solar water heating system, form by water temperature adjusting knob, micro computer, temperature sensor, electric auxiliary heating device, automatically controlled hot water valve, automatic water-mixing valve, the water temperature adjusting knob can be set 30 ℃ of-60 ℃ of step-less adjustment scopes, detect the current water temperature of solar energy hot water tank by water-level and water-temperature sensor, micro computer is controlled the water temperature of solar energy hot water tank electric auxiliary heating device or automatic water-mixing valve regulation solar water heating system automatically according to the temperature of water temperature adjusting knob setting.
The second level is the temperature selecting arrangement of control electric instant-heating type hot-water heating system, select button, micro computer, temperature sensor, instantaneously heated type electric heater unit, flow control valve to form by water temperature, water temperature selects button can set from 30 ℃ of-60 ℃ of step-less adjustment scopes, the water flowing energising, cut the supply of water and electricity, freely select mouth of a river water temperature, according to the water temperature of solar water heating system adjusting and the temperature of water temperature selection button setting, control electric instant-heating type heater is regulated the flow of the rate of heat addition and flow control valve automatically, makes the delivery port water temperature keep constant temperature automatically.
Three, relay heating mode
Solar water heating system can not guarantee sufficient hot water supply at overcast and rainy sunlight after a little while, electric instant-heating type hot-water heating system thermal efficiency height, but because power ratio is bigger, high to requiring with electric line, particularly bathing increases electrical network pressure peak period, the present invention utilizes the advantage of combination hot water apparatus, employing solar energy heating---the auxiliary heating of electricity---relay heating mode of electric instant-heating type heating, the heating process of hot water was divided into for three steps, at first applied solar energy is long heat time heating time, but the advantage in the source of not consuming energy, utilize the solar energy hot water tank stored hot water as far as possible, automatically be heated to 35 ℃ by electric auxiliary heating device during underheat, temperature insulation in implementing at ordinary times, the warm water that by the electric instant-heating type hot water apparatus solar water heating system is provided again when using hot water is heated to the temperature of setting, an Electric heating of conventional water heaters is divided into secondary electricity relay heating, high-power electricity consumption has been avoided in electric auxiliary heating device and electric instant-heating type heater segmentation electricity consumption, and having realized again promptly opening promptly has hot water.
Beneficial effect of the present invention
One, solar water heating system that can round-the-clock use
It is sometimes hot and sometimes cold as the oversize hot water that makes of pipeline that the solar water heater inadequate natural endowment causes, the overcast and rainy hot water supply that can not guarantee abundance, even shortcoming such as hibernation, after the present invention and the combination of electric instant-heating type hot water apparatus, secondary temperature-adjusting device and relay heating mode have been used by microcomputerized control, make the supporting electric auxiliary heating device of apparatus for heating water by solar energy, only need water temperature is remained on 35 ℃ automatically, severe winter or overcast and rainy for a long time particularly, temperature insulation during solar energy hot water tank is implemented under outdoor environment, reduced heating repeatedly, the energy consumption that heat radiation causes has shortened heat time heating time, has saved the energy, when solar irradiation is sufficient, water temperature regulation device then adds cold water by the automatic water-mixing valve and regulates water temperature, solves the limited problem of boiler reserves, for the electric instant-heating type heater provides more hot water.Help to improve the performance of solar water heater, enlarge the scope of application of solar water heater.
Two, realize electric instant-heating type heater small-powerization
Traditional electric instant-heating type heater firing rate is fast, but electric power is bigger, mounting condition requires high, general electricity consumption facility is difficult to bear, and the present invention is divided into the secondary electrical heating owing to use the relay heating mode with an electrical heating, the warm water that the electric instant-heating type heater is just provided solar water heating system heats again, just do not need too big electrical power, general supply line of family and facility can both be installed and used, particularly alleviated water heater and used the pressure of peak period, be easier to popularize network load.
Three, the application in solar energy centralizedly supply hot water engineering
Because the present invention has adopted secondary temperature-adjusting device and relay heating mode, the solar heat water section is only required reached middle temperature, and needn't reach the temperature that use at the branch family, can make things convenient for all branch families or use the Instant heating type heater of small power electric with water spot, overcome user's dispersion, water requires different, pipeline is long, defectives such as thermal losses should not be incubated greatly, the operation costs height that causes, limitation such as management inconvenience make the solar energy hot water supply engineering in installing the process of using at the branch family concentratedly, and particularly cost is shared, convenience and the operation costs used all have more superiority, can maintain easily management to a greater degree, satisfy user's demand.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is the structured flowchart of solar-electric instant-heating type constant temperature water heater, among the figure
1---micro computer 2---water-level and water-temperature sensor
3---solar energy hot water tank 4---water temperature adjusting knob
5---electric auxiliary heating device 6---automatic water-mixing valve
7---water temperature is selected button 8---instantaneously heated type electric heater unit
9---flow control valve 10---delivery port
11---temperature sensor 12---temperature sensor
13---automatically controlled hot water valve 14---relief valve
The automatically controlled hot water valve switch of 15---blast pipes 16---
17---manual cold valves 18---water level, water temperature display
19---manually mix water valve
Figure A20071005242000071
_ _ _ _ hot-water line
Figure A20071005242000072
_ _ _ _ cold water pipe
Figure A20071005242000073
_ _ _ _ electric control circuit
This accompanying drawing has omitted the structure of electric power circuit He other conventional allocation of facility of solar water heater and electric instant-heating type water heater.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments this device is further described
Solar water heater is owing to be subjected to climatic influences obvious, and cold water heating required time is very long, can see down two kinds of situations by water-level and water-temperature display (18) in use:
One, hot water is higher than and uses coolant-temperature gage in the solar energy hot water tank
In this case, optional majority kind is used pattern
1, directly uses solar water heater hot water
Open the interior hot water of automatically controlled hot water valve switch (16) solar energy hot water tank (3) and arrive delivery port (10) by the hot-water line of emptying fast, can directly use or use by water valve (19) temperature adjustment that manually mixes supporting with using water spot.
2, provide constant-temperature hot water
Referring to accompanying drawing, water temperature adjusting knob (4) is reached the set water temperature place, open automatically controlled hot water valve switch (16), the real-time water temperature that water temperature that micro computer (1) is set according to the water temperature adjusting knob and temperature sensor (11) record, control automatic water-mixing valve (6) is regulated water temperature automatically, uses the hot water of water spot to keep constant temperature.
3, provide more hot water
Select button (7) to reach the temperature place of setting water temperature, water temperature adjusting knob (4) reaches low water temperature place, open automatically controlled hot water valve switch (16), hot water is dashed with cold water by automatic water-mixing valve (6) earlier and convert the lower temperature of setting to water temperature adjusting knob (4), just can not be subjected to the restriction of solar energy hot water tank stored hot water, strengthened the hot water capacity, water temperature that provides according to automatic water-mixing valve (6) by electric instant-heating type heater (8) and the water temperature temperature of selecting button (7) to set again, automatically regulate the rate of heat addition and flow size, make delivery port (10) that more constant-temperature hot water be arranged.
Two, hot water is lower than and uses coolant-temperature gage in the solar energy hot water tank
1, middle automatically temperature insulation
Open general supply, when water temperature is lower than 35 ℃ in water-level and water-temperature sensor (2) predicts solar energy hot water tank (3), micro computer (1) then cuts out automatically controlled hot water valve (13) electric auxiliary heating device (5) and water temperature is heated to 35 ℃ automatically, during use, open automatically controlled hot water valve (13), the electric instant-heating type heater is regulated the rate of heat addition and flow size according to what water temperature selected that button (7) sets automatically with coolant-temperature gage, keeps delivery port (10) hot water constant temperature.
2, set the preheating water temperature
Coolant-temperature gage adjusting knob (4) is set in any water temperature in 30 ℃-60 ℃, if the interior water temperature of solar energy hot water tank (3) is lower than set water temperature, micro computer (1) starts electric auxiliary heating device (5) and is preheated to design temperature.Because the instantaneously heated type electric heater unit power of this constant-temperature hot water device has only 2-3KW, in cold season or in order to obtain the bigger hot water of higher water temperature and flow, by electric auxiliary heating device (5) hot water in the solar water container is preheating to the water temperature of setting earlier, for Instant heating type hot water apparatus (8) provides higher thermal water source, by instantaneously heated type electric heater unit (8) speed and flow with maximum in rated power, provide sufficient constant-temperature hot water again.
With after close automatically controlled hot water valve switch (16), use up ducted hot water, so as when to use next time without the cold water in the emptying pipe, can prevent that also winter, water pipe froze, shine faults such as sudden and violent water summer.When temperature sensor (1) water temperature was lower than 10 ℃, micro computer (1) can cut out automatically controlled hot water valve (13) automatically by the relief valve (14) of electric instant-heating type hot water apparatus (8) and the automatic emptying pipe inner cold water of blast pipe (15) of solar energy hot water tank (3).
Water level is lower than the lowest water level of setting in solar energy hot water tank (3), or water temperature is when being higher than 60 ℃, it is full to water that micro computer (1) startup automatic water-mixing valve (6) is gone up cold water automatically, at ordinary times by manual cold valves (17) according to water level, weather and operating position, freely be chosen as solar energy hot water tank (3) and replenish cold water.

Claims (8)

1, solar-electric instant-heating type constant temperature water heater, comprise solar water heating system and electric instant-heating type hot-water heating system, it is characterized in that: micro computer (1) is according to the water temperature of water-level and water-temperature sensor (2) instant playback solar energy hot water tank (3), by water temperature adjusting knob (4) design temperature, after electric auxiliary heating device (5) heating or automatic water-mixing valve (6) temperature adjustment, the temperature of selecting button (7) to set according to water temperature is controlled delivery port (10) hot water constant temperature through instantaneously heated type electric heater unit (8) relay heating and flow control valve (9) again.
According to the described solar-electric instant-heating type constant temperature water heater of claim 1, it is characterized in that 2, when the interior water temperature of solar energy hot water tank (3) was lower than 30 ℃, micro computer (1) started electric auxiliary heating device (5) and is heated to 35 ℃ automatically.
According to the described solar-electric instant-heating type constant temperature water heater of claim 1, it is characterized in that 3, when the interior water temperature of solar energy hot water tank (3) was lower than the temperature of adjustment button (4) setting, electric auxiliary heating device (5) continued to be heated to design temperature.
According to the described solar-electric instant-heating type constant temperature water heater of claim 1, it is characterized in that 4, when temperature sensor (11) water temperature was higher than the temperature of adjustment button (4) setting, automatic water-mixing valve (6) added the cold water injection temperature adjustment.
5, according to the described solar-electric instant-heating type constant temperature water heater of claim 1, it is characterized in that, when temperature sensor (12) water temperature was lower than the temperature of temperature selection button (7) setting, electricity instant hot heater (8) and flow control valve (9) were regulated the rate of heat addition and current size automatically.
6, according to the described solar-electric instant-heating type constant temperature water heater of claim 1, it is characterized in that, when the interior water level of solar energy hot water tank (3) is lower than the lowest water level of setting or water temperature and is higher than 60 ℃, micro computer (1) start automatic water-mixing valve (6) go up automatically cold water to water completely.
According to the described solar-electric instant-heating type constant temperature water heater of claim 1, it is characterized in that 7, when temperature sensor (11) water temperature was lower than 10 ℃, micro computer (1) cut out automatically controlled hot water valve (13) by relief valve (14) and blast pipe (15) emptying pipe inner cold water.
8, according to the described solar-electric instant-heating type constant temperature water heater of claim 1, it is characterized in that, when being used for the concentrated branch family of solar energy hot-water supply engineering, but solar water heating system integral installation, centralized Control solar energy hot water tank (3) water level, water temperature and electric auxiliary heating device (5), all the other devices can be installed by minute family after solar energy hot water tank (3) delivery port is installed metering water meter, single household control.
CN 200710052420 2007-06-08 2007-06-08 Solar-electric instant-heating type constant temperature water heater Pending CN101070976A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102322698A (en) * 2011-09-29 2012-01-18 樊光柱 Solar water heater capable of automatically supply constant-temperature water
CN102519147A (en) * 2011-12-02 2012-06-27 美的集团有限公司 Solar water heater with quick-heating water heater
CN102645042A (en) * 2012-05-17 2012-08-22 浙江工业大学 Water-saving constant-temperature solar water heater
CN103388915A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-11-13 苏州开来新能源有限公司 Instant heating type solar water heater control device
CN105240917A (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-01-13 中国建筑西南设计研究院有限公司 Direct type solar heating system for multiple groups of heat storage water tanks and control method for direct type solar heating system
CN106642662A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-10 陈雪根 Compressor-type water heater
CN106969514A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-07-21 南京柏克斯电热器具制造厂 A kind of intelligent liquid mixed flow automatic control equipment
CN107728685A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-02-23 北京凌顶科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent constant-temperature water controling method
CN108361995A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-03 宝鸡文理学院 Industrial boiler furnace temperature control system
CN108592413A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-09-28 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 A kind of insufficient method of prompt hot water and electric heater
CN110296490A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-10-01 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Hot water units and its control method with constant-temperature hot water function
CN115218486A (en) * 2022-07-19 2022-10-21 成都清渟科技有限公司 Multi-stage heating system and method for drinking water equipment
US11603135B2 (en) 2020-12-10 2023-03-14 Hyundai Motor Company Vehicle body

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102322698A (en) * 2011-09-29 2012-01-18 樊光柱 Solar water heater capable of automatically supply constant-temperature water
CN102519147A (en) * 2011-12-02 2012-06-27 美的集团有限公司 Solar water heater with quick-heating water heater
CN102645042A (en) * 2012-05-17 2012-08-22 浙江工业大学 Water-saving constant-temperature solar water heater
CN103388915A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-11-13 苏州开来新能源有限公司 Instant heating type solar water heater control device
CN105240917A (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-01-13 中国建筑西南设计研究院有限公司 Direct type solar heating system for multiple groups of heat storage water tanks and control method for direct type solar heating system
CN106642662A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-10 陈雪根 Compressor-type water heater
CN106969514A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-07-21 南京柏克斯电热器具制造厂 A kind of intelligent liquid mixed flow automatic control equipment
CN107728685B (en) * 2017-11-17 2023-01-24 北京凌顶科技有限公司 Intelligent constant-temperature water control method
CN107728685A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-02-23 北京凌顶科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent constant-temperature water controling method
CN108361995A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-03 宝鸡文理学院 Industrial boiler furnace temperature control system
CN108592413B (en) * 2018-05-09 2019-08-23 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 A kind of insufficient method of prompt hot water and electric heater
CN108592413A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-09-28 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 A kind of insufficient method of prompt hot water and electric heater
CN110296490A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-10-01 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Hot water units and its control method with constant-temperature hot water function
US11603135B2 (en) 2020-12-10 2023-03-14 Hyundai Motor Company Vehicle body
CN115218486A (en) * 2022-07-19 2022-10-21 成都清渟科技有限公司 Multi-stage heating system and method for drinking water equipment
CN115218486B (en) * 2022-07-19 2023-12-08 成都清渟科技有限公司 Multistage heating system and method for drinking water equipment

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Open date: 20071114